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I ale Student* Work Their Way Through College. Serve a» Watters, Drive Milk Wagon«, Act aa Pall Bearers and Do Other Things to Par Their Expenses. About 70 freshmen, or one-fifth of the class, in the academic department at Yale this year expect to earn all or part of the money required to pay the expense of their first year in college. In the whole university, Prof. C. L. Kitchel, of the self help bureau, reports, about 200 'men will make the experiment of trying to" support themselves this year for the first time. In the academic department the corporation has voted about $30,000 this year for scholarships for nèedy*tudents, and this will be given out principally through the bureau of self help, re ports the New York Sun. When the students left'for the long vacation last June about 3Q0. applied for work for the summet;, and Prof. Kitchel is just getting returns of the work done by the men. The long vacation is re garded the poor student's golden oppor-^ tur.ity, for the more he earns the le"§s he will have to work for a livelihood dur ing th» college year. One man has reported that he earned $700 by tutoring a young man in Wash ington forten weeks. Another has cared for three young children of a Yale pro fessor during the summer months and has added considerable to his stock of money. Several men have been driving milk wagons in the early morning hours and harvested hay between times. One stu dent was head waiter at a hotel at Ply mouth. Mass. A Yale graduate who is an invalid and resides near New Haven,has been traveling through Nova Scotia and has had with him a Yale man to act as nurs" rr.d guide. A half dozen Yale men have been act ing as pallbearers at funerals during the I I I I 1 i i i sensor and have found the work set profit able that they will continue after college opera. The Silver Flay religions confer ence a.t Lake George attracted a score or more of needy Ya'c men and all had a suce, ssful time there. Or' pt «dont has. been making out bills I :>f fare at a Whit Mountain resort alt ! the sermon and hi has been so successful ! that ■' lundi u: Y, 1- "join!" of the town has Mt-'d him for the coming year to ! make out all its menus. Al! tl e summer rf s orts fre m Block Is- 1 lard t n Kennelmnl' i nrt hav e had small ! COlf'll K S of Yaie met acting ns waiters, der no 1 sand gen rai hdt lers. It 3 r ■•timated ihr the stii dents of the aeadi m e depart met t have earned dur ing ( h° year just e osed ai out s-io.ooo. ' Dart VP tr 37 sophon (ires en rr.rd $10.002 | and seniors earni d $8,667 These fig- | tires in dude only t lose w] o made re- j ports t< the bureau of self telp and not | all w ho earned part of thei tuition. Be sid es the routi ne wr-rl furnished each ye tr for needy Indent« (Miring term time w hieh indnde s waiting on table. raring 'or furnaces lawns and horses. doing street car service, clerical wer' and reporting, there is a new field open this year in the line of chauffeurs and already several Yale men have qualified themselves in this capacity. An increasing number of students this ' year have come back to college with automobiles, and Prof. Kitchel expects ; that there will bean opportunity for sev- I eral expert chauffeurs to earn good ! money this fall in managing fractious machines and teaching the novice to ! handle the vehicles. MAN-OF-WAR MESSING. S)»t«m In Vogue on Uncle Sum'» Can hunts Is Nroi-iinrll}- Very SI rln nr cut. The messing system on board a big man-of-war is as complex and complete as the talile service of a big hotel. The modern warship, with its five or six hun dred persons on board, must he a float ing hotel and storehouse in itself, writes ■ Mrs. George M. Stackhouse, in Gun- : ton's Magazine. Every vessel of the navy is required by the regulations gov erning the navy to have a general mess ing system. Tht*< »listed men on ship are divided into squads of about 20 each, forming a mess. Chief petty officers and officers' servants are not included in this division. Every mess has one or two petty officers at its table, who fare like the men. Every mess has its spe cial messman who brings the food from the galley and serves it at the table. It is also the messman's duty to see that the messtable and inessgear are clean and in order. The messes on hoard ship are under the direct supervision of the commissary department, which is under the control of the pay officers. A ItottnmleNM Cui>. It is interesting to recall to-day a curi ous fact about the America cup. Twenty seven inches high, and measuring two feet round the base and a card round tin middle. the cup. it was discovered years after it had been in the puss, ssion of the Americans, had no proper bottom toit. On a festive occasion, in honor of an English guest at the New York Yacht club, the cup, it was found, would not hold the champagne with which a steward was attempting to fill it. The champagne, in fact, as fast as it was poured in at the top ran out at the bot tom, a large hole having purposely or otherwise been left by the English makers. Sham Safes. For giving confidence to visitors there is nothing so useful in an office as a very solid-looking safe, and the working carpenter in South-East Lon don who noted this fact has reason to bless his own airmen, for he does well by the sale of sham safes. There is a real demand for them at prices running from about seven to twelve dollars, nearly all the customers being beginners in business. r AN ERA OF IRRIGATION. UvutaCM of ■ Comprehenalr« It* tom for Every State In tke Union. . The following paper, written in Au gust, by request, for the Rural .Cali fornian, is submitted at this time in view of the special interest in the subject, awakened by the recent meeting of the national Irrigation congress at Ogden, as a contribution towards a complete under standing of its importance to the whole country: "The full significance of the new era of irrigation on which the nation is nqw entering is but vaguely understood by the public ht large, and is by no meâns realized eveh "by those* who are to re I eeive its most dirèct and special benefits. I It means the inauguration of intensive I scientific agriculture on a national scale, and there is need of a comprehensive out-. line of it, with such details of its opera tion as wiii serve to impress the public mind with its utility and permanence,_ for it is well understood by the promoters and friends of thfs vast system of agri Miltup&l- development that'ill thfe end it is :to be In general-use over at least one half of the national domain and will con tinue for all time. At present, however, the public dis- -i-sior. of the irrigation system is practically limited to the. reclamation of arid lands, whereas < a yet larger area of semi-arid regions, em bracing large sections of the country ih the so-nlled humid states bn'ing ân un certain rainfall, will ultimately share in 1 tb" beneficence of this unfailing system ! of agriculture. Indeed, within the past year, experiments in irrigation have been made in such states as Wisconsin. Mis souri. New Jersey. Connecticut. Massa chusetts and Georgia. and the irrigated I crops yielded more than double the value 1 of like crops, which depended alone on i the rainfall. Intensive cultivation in i pvitably follows irrination: this leads to i small, individual holdings, and these pro vide work and home« for families. Such homes are the nurseries of patriotism, and honest toil on the farm, with a due reward for the war'' done, always tends to the growth of the essential virtues; in a word, such a system of agriculture produces the highest type of citizenship, and as a matter of course, promotes the security, prowess and perpetuity of the nation. The wisest statesmanship will I ! ! ! 1 ! ' | | j | ' ; I ! ! ■ : therefor warmly approve of n complete development, of this profitable, certain and scientific tilling of tbe soil, and not nr.?- in the arid regions where irrigation is necessary in order to render tb- m hab itable, and moreover results in making them tbe mud productive portions of our country, but also in every state of the union where it. can be made available for largely increasing the value of crops in ordinary seasons, and in times of drought, which occur too frequently. will insure abundant crops in place of failure end inevitable distress, and this will no doubt be done just as soon as farmers in such states learn to appreciate Its bene fits, for the general welfare will demand it and the government will provide the means for its development." LECTURING IN POLAND. Exacting Censorship Render« the Working I'nsmfe and Un pleasant. Russian censorship in Poland is so ex acting that not only is the writing of books cruelly crippled by its action, but a public lecturer finds his work per plexingly difficult, says Youth's Com panion. George Brandes, the Dane, says that he could refer to certain facts only by stating them in a veiled language likely to be understood by the wakeful intelligence of the people, but blind enough to escape the Russian censor. In commenting upon a famous poem, it was impossible to say directly: "The cruelty described here was actually per petrated hv Ivan the Terrible." Hecould only beat about the bush in this fashion: "When the principal character nar rates how, with his sword, he nailed the foot of the old minstrel to the earth, and how tlie latter continued to deliver his message undisturbed, it recalls an anec dote of the court of Ivan the Terrible." In this form the lecture passed the cen sor. Then there was another passage, a poetical quotation, where the hero in de spair complains to God of the indiffer ence with which He allows man to suffer. "Thou art not the father of the world," he cries, "but its tsar!" Here again the speaker relied on the Ignorance of the censor where Polish lit erature was concerne«. "As the savages of antiquity, when they were angry with their gods," he paraphrased, "discharged an arrow into the vault of heaven, so Conrad flings this taunt out into the universe: 'Thou God! Thou art not the father of the world, but its—' " In delivering this speech he made a pause of some seconds, during which a shudder ran through the hall. Then came the word "tyrant;" and the Poles drew a long breath and looked at one another. No one moved a hand. After such a passage a deathlike si lence prevails, in order that the speaker may not be compromised. Dater, some Innocent phrase may tie wildly applaud ed, or the lecturer will receive enthusias tic tribute at the close, when no censor could select the portions which had called forth such a storm of approval. I'nwtleox* Visitor. "Look here," snapped tVa buxom widow, "didn't you tell me iff was only a matter of time when a dark man would visit me every day?" "I think so," assented the fortune teller. "Didn't he prove to be a favor able suitor?" "Suitor nothing! He proved to be the installment man."— Chicago Daily News. The On« Drawback. "Didn't you have a pleasant voyage?" he naked. "Oh, yea." replied Miss Greatblood, "ex cept for the vulgar trade winds we en countered."—Philadelphia Ledger. MUSIC ON SHIPBOARD Plano* and Cither Instruments Com mon on Sailing Teoaoli. Sailor« Glad of Diver*«on While on Long Voyage«— FopiÜar Amer ican Air« Sans la Soafh era Sea«. "You are Invited to a musicale on the ship Orinoco, in Brie Basin, Friday even ing, August 28." A number of persons responded to this Invitation cheerfully, for thejr knew the eaptain very well, relates the New York Times. . He had .been in the South Amer ican trade to this port for a number of years, married a. Brookljrfi girl, and made money for the owners of his ship in spite of the number of steamers that Bore down upon him. The mate received the guests at the gangway, and the cheer ful 'captain and his wife did dutj^below. The captain displayed with pride a new piano presented by the owners, a beauti ful piece of polished mahogany, with works of the best construction; a piano that he said would not move from Its bearings if the ship turned turtle. The captain further explained that he put aboard a cheaper piano at the request of his wife when they were married. Sailors love music, and the good effects of it were so apparent on the crew that the owners had decided to put them on all their sailing vessels, beginning with itis. It is nothing surprising these days to hear a piano on a good sailing ship, he said. "Why, only the other day I heard the strains of a piano coming from an old canal boat over there." When the musicale began the captain, his wife accompanying, sang in a round ard pleasant voice Tosti's "Good-by." Then the mate, with the same accom panist, played melodies of South Amer ica that seemed to make the ship roll and bow to the waves under the southern moon. The effect of a combination like that in a Fifth avenue drawing room would be electric. A purser from a South American steamer anchored in the basin played a horn solo. The captain's wife sang songs of the Amazon women, as she had pictured them in her voyages, and then came a rousing glee by the crew. "It is a rare thing now," said the cap tain, "to find a sailing ship without a piano, especially if she belongs to a good line. Ocean liners haven't any monopoly in that business, by a good deal. How oft^n do you find a tramp or a freight line steamer with a piano! Women in Orinoco get New York songs sooner than many of our Anteriran towns do. They arp very quick to play by ear. and some of them copy from my wife's music and front that of the wives of other captains. When T got there on my last voyage I heard everybody singing: 'The Good Old Summer Time.' They caught the contagion from a Liverpool vessel. "I invite my men to come into the cabin when off watch and make use of the piano. All sailors on a lot\g,voyage have much spare time that they don't know what to do with. They loll in the fo'c'sle and play cards. They smoke more than is good for them. Some of my crew do that still, in spite of the piano, but the most of them are in the cabin whenever they can get there, sing ing and playing. They organized the glee club, I didn't. We have a mar. who can play the concertina, and another who can do wonders with an old fiute '.hat he bought in a South street junk shop 30 years ago. "Another thing— a sailor, like any man, is more careful in his personal ap pearance if he knows he is to appear with a lady. It is a wholesome thing, in my opinion, for a captain to take his wife to sea. " Co«tly Pnpnl Gift«. Leo XIII. received many costly pres ents while he was pope, and at his death they did not become the proper ty of his heirs, but were placed In the papal treasury. The most notable of these gifts and their estimated value are as follows: A jeweled vase, pre sented by the prince of Monaco. $30, 000; a largo diamond, presented by Queen Victoria, $100,000; a golden cross, presented by the czar. $200,000; a ring and several rubies, which were a gift from the sultan, $200,000; a triple crown, presented by the emperor of Germany, $600,000; a rare copy of the Bible, presented by the grand rabbi of Germany, $100,000; a statue of the Apostle John, which was a gift from the Knights of the Order of St. John, $600.000; a golden chalice, presented by the king of Greece. $100,000; a tiara, presented by the Catholics of Paris, $200,000; an opal ring, which was given by the shah of Persia. $30.000; a cross of gold and diamonds, present ed by the Catholics of Brazil, $600,000. — N. Y. Herald. Queer Grnveyn^l. A steamship, filled with bones ar rived at New York. The bones were the skeletons of cattle gathered on the great plains of South America. They are shipped. here to be ground into fertilizers. The longshoremen find in nearly every cargo a hufnan bone—all that is left of some poor fel low who died on "he piains. They are responsible for a queer little grave yard near the fertilizing plant. The workmen have strict orders never to grind up a human bone. It is taken out to a little fenced graveyard and buried. Many of the graves are not more than two feet long, but they are as carefully covered as though they contained entire skeletons. — N. Y. Times. l It Make« a Difference. "Jenkins is a queer duck." "What's he done now?" "Why, last right he fretted and fumed, and finally slanged, because his wife took three minutes to dress for a car rida out to the park, and last week he sat in an open boat In the hot, broiling sun from two o'clock until six without getting a bite, and enjoyed it."'—Baltimore New* shortcake and d iscipline. Coll«*« Crew Gave Way to Tbelr Ap MtlUi, Bat the Oateome Was , . Very Satisfactory. The sternness of the Roman fathér re sembles that which must be exercised sometimes by a trainer of athletes. The coach of the Cornell university boat crews is as strict as any such discipli narian, as he demonstrated on a certain occasion when he had an eight-oared crew "at the pink of perfection." Thé squad had been moved to Poughkeepsie, says the New York Telegraph, and upon Its first trial spin was conceded by ex perts to'have'the race as good as won. Nothing remained but to keep 4 the men in condition. Sad to say, It was the strawberry shortcake season. Exactly three days be fore the race against the picked crews of the eastern universities, five members of the Cornell .crew encountered In a Poughkeepsie restaurant a strawberry shortcake "like those that mother used to make." Possessed of àppetiteâ that months of steady exercise had built, up, they devoured the shortcake even to the last crumb. . The news of that breach of discipline came speedily to the ears of Coach Court ney. The next morning five shamefaced young athletes stood before him, and by their humility acknowledged that they had strayed from the narrow path. "Out you go!" said Mr. Courtney. But the five believed that in numbers lay their strength. "You can't row a boat race with only a crew of three!" they exclaimed in unison. "It would be quite the same if the whole boat load of you had done this thing," replied Courtney. "Go!" That afternoon a new crew represented the red and white in the practice spins up and down the Hudson. Now y taper reporters immediately rushed to the telegraph offices and wired to their chiefs: "Cornell practically out of the race! Five substitutes will row in the race day after to-morrow." Mr. Court ney said nothing. Gray-haired alumni who were begin ning to reach Poughkeepsie in order to cheer their college crew to victory called upon the coach and begged him to re scind his order. Still he maintained sil ence. A formal protest front the under graduate body was placed before him. His eyes merely looked away into space. The five deposed men waited upon him again, admitted they had erred, but de clared that the one shortcake had wrought no evil. Then and only then Courtney thun dered: "Obedience to discipline is a fundamental rule of this navy! Go!" Many readers will remember the out come of that race—how the five substi tutes proved to be as good as, or better than, the regulars, and how they simply romped over the course in record time, winners by several lengths. "Shortcake did it!" was the Cornell slogan that night. "I really didn't expect my boys to win after that shake-up," explained Mr. Courtney after the race, "but I knew that I never should have to contend with shortcake again." CRITICISM OF THE BIBLE. New Woman Said It Wna Good In Pin««« and "He Got Her In the End." A new woman had just moved into t»e neighborhood. She was of the distinct lit erary type. Books were her hobby, says the Chicago Inter Ocean. Her neighbors called. One of them in particular^eemed to desire to make an impression. She professed an enthu l siasru for new books and borrowed sev eral. The books were returned within a few days, but always without comment as to their contents, very much to the disappointment of the lender. Book after book was borrowed and re turned with the same result. Finally, after two or three weeks, when the am bitious neighbor called again, a new morocco-bound Bible was lying on the parlor stand. The neighbor picked it up and glanced through it. "I believe I'd like this," was the re mark, the same as usual. "Well, take it," said the obliging new neighbor, "and when you finish it let me know how you like it," she : tided, with the slightest twinkle in her eye and a shade of suspicion in her voice. The borrower hesitated for a moment, took the book, and was gone with it for over a week. Finally site returned with it, laid it where sh-e had found it, and, thanking her obliging friend, started to go without a word further. "Well, how did you like it?" called the book lover after the other's retreating figure. "Oh, I don't know," was returned ; "it's good in places. But he does finally get her in the end, don't he?" The book lover Is still dazed. ■ Coffee a« a Disinfectant. Experiments with roasted coffee prove that it is the most powerful means not only of rendering animal and vegetable effluvia harmless, but of actually de stroying them. On one occasion, meat in an advanced state of decomposition was instantly deprived of its offensive odor when a pound of roasted coffee was placed near it. In another instance, where sulphureted hydrogen and am monia could t'g strongly detected, the odor was completely removed in half a minute with three ounces of fresh roasted coffee, while other parts of the house were cleared of the smell simply by passing through the rooms with a roaster containing coffee. The best method for using coffee as a disinfectant is to dry the raw bean, pound it in a mortar and then roast the powder on a moderately heated iron plate, until it is of a dark-brown color. Then sprinkle it in sinks or cesspools or lay it on a plate In the room which you wish to dis infect. Coffee aqid or coffee oil acts more readily in very small quantities.— American Queen. SKILLFUL MACHINES. Electrical Devices That Act in an y Intelligent Manner. Used la the Goveraaeat Ceaaaa Ofllec to Simplify the Work of Earn moratloA—:Particular« of Operation. ' ' The most striking application of ma chinery to the purposes of counting is in the. electrical .machines used In-the cen sus office, writes C. K. Wead, in St. Nich olas. Last summer tens of thousands ol enumerators all ovér the country were busy writing down on large Bheets of pa per the names of all the people in the United States, their age, color, sex, place of birth, occupation, etc. If the only thing wanted were the number of people in the country, it would be enough to côufit the names on ail these sheets and' add them together. But the census ex perts wished to' find out perhaps a thou sand other things; as how many native born white men there are aged 20, 25, etc.; how.many foreign-horn white men there are of these ages; similarly for women and colored people; then there are the questions of place of birth, occu pation, etc., to be answered, as how many Texans weiv be ... in Ohio. Now imagine that all the yec:;;le in the United States could march in a few months before a thousand officials, each one of whom counted only the people of one particular class or description, as white males, white females, white.carpenters, Italian girls ten years old, negro farmers, etc.; then there would be obtained the various facts for which the census is taken. The practical operation of the census gives the same results as this imaginary operation. It comes about in this way: For each one of the 77,000,000 people of the country a card a little larger than a postal card is prepared, containing all the information on the enumerator's sheets except the name, a number being used instead. This information is ex pressed by punching holes in certain places; thus a hole in one place means "white," another "male," another "35 years," another "blacksmith." and soon. These millions off punched cards rep resent one by one the individuals of the nation, and they may be passed be fore the eyes of the supposed thousand officials, each of whom is to note his special facts. 'Going a step farther in simplifying the work, instead of the official counters mechanical counters may be substituted, and instead of try ing to use a thousand at once a smaller number may be used and the cards be gone over several times. The machine will pick out the facts it is told to pick out. and no others. .The apparent intelligence of the ma chine may be explained thus; when the card is put into the machine some 250 spring needles are brought down on it; wherever there is a hole one needle goes through and down into a drop of mercury, and so closes an electric cir cuit and causes the pointer on a coun ter to move forward one number. Thus as many of the items on the card can be counted at once as the operator finds desirable; then another card is put in the machine and the same items are counted if they are on it. Besides this, the machine can be arranged to count several items in combination, as native-born white male doctors, and it is intelligent enough to ring a bell and refuse to count if the card is not put in properly, or is punched to read wid ower aged ten years, woman aged 12, female blacksmith, or any other of a score of improbabilities or impossibli ties. AN EARLY BATTLEFIELD. Monament Lately Erected on Field of Conflict of Century and a Half Ago. At a grand public meeting of many thousand excursionists, including repre sentatives of the patriotic societies of New York and New England, the Society of Colonial Wars unveiled, September 8, a fine monument upon the field of the battle of Lake George. September 8,1875. The governors of New York, Vermont, Massachusetts and Connecticut were present at the unveiling, and there were detachments from the regular army and the troops of the several states. Senator Chauncey Depew delivered the oration. The bronze figures of the monument, were designed by Albert W. Einert.the sculptor, and represent the Indian chief tain. King Hendrick, demonstrating to Gen. Johnson the futility of dividing his forces. The figures, which stand on a granite pedestal, are nine feet high. The monument stands in the center of Battle park, overlooking the lake. On the east face is the following inscription: "1903—The Society of the Colonial Wars erected this monunn nt to commemorate the victory of the Colonial forces under Gen. Johnson and the Mohawk allies un der Chief Hendrick over the French regu lars. commanded by Baron Dieskau, with the Canadian and Indian allies." On the south face it reads: "Defeat would have opened the road to Albany to the French." On the north "Confidence, inspired by the victory, was of inestim able value to the American army in the War of the Revolution," and on the west face are the words "Battle of Lake George, September 8,1755." Giant Grave« at Bosaa, Die Berliner Post publishes the fol lowing paragraph: "The cairns, or giant graves, at Bosau, near Eutin, are being excavated under the direction of Prof. Knorr, of the Kiel museum of antiquities. One grave has already been opened up, in which two urns and a gold bracelet , 12 centimeters In length, were found. A stone grave, three meters long and 170 centimeters wide, containing a skeleton supposed to be over 3,000 years old, was also laid bare. The work is to be .contin ued, as it is supposed that an ancient cemetery or place of sacrifice existed there formerly." FAILINGS OF CORRESPONDENTS Letter« Folded Wrong aad Otherwlaa Made Troableiome to Baal aeae Recipient«. * i "Not ope person in ten folds a letter, and put» It in the envelope right sida up," said the coesèspondence clerk of a large JNew York publishing house, ac cording to the Tillies. "This firm re ceives upward of 1,000 letters a day, and it is my duty to sort them and send them to the various heads of departments. Each letter must be sent opened flat, with the envelope attached by a clip. In almost every instance the letter is folded and put In the envelope so that I. have to turn it around before I can read it. I have talked' with friends In sim llâr positions to mine, and they tell me they have, the same experience. It seems a' trifling matter to a person who opens only five or six letters a day, but to me this loss of time caused by either the ignorance or carelessness of letter writ ers, is-considerable. ...... "Fully two-thirds of the letters' re ceived by a business house are filed. Cabinets for this purpose are arranged so that onemust refer to the beginning of the. letter,* on the right-hand side, to find the date. One-half the persons who write on matters of business, partic ularly women, »ptit the date at. the end of the latter and on thé left-hand side, so that we have to lift the whole bunch to get at It. These failings of corre spondents are worsathan illegible writ ing and incorrect spelling." GOOD IN CHANGE OF AIR. Too Close Confinement to Any At«* moiphere Is Injurious to the Hculth. The quasi-miraculousbenefits which are associated with change of air in the popular belief are in reality de rived when they accrue from change of environments, or change of habits of life, says the Medical Review. In a great many instances the measure of benefit obtainable would be as ef fectually secured and at much less ex pense by mere change of habits, with out the fatigue and inconvenience of change of domicile. The overwrought city clerk might advantageously take to driving a cab, while the cabman would find it a relief to discharge for a time the functions of caretaker of a desterted house. Many an overworked physician would experience a distinct improvement were he to qualify as chauffeur, with no other object in view than to cover space, and there are few domestic servants whose health would not be sensibly modified by a brief experience as milkmaid or gleaner, should the season lend itself to that pursuit The literary gent, whose brain is sterile of new ideas, might recuperate his energies by usurping the role of a sick man and remaining in bed for a week or two. LOWER ANIMALS HAVE SENSES This Ha« Now Com« to Be Admitted by Nearly AU the Selentlate. Many scientists, until quite recently, have been reluctant to admit that a number of the lower animals possibly possess other senses than ours. So much new and undeniably affirmatory evi dence is, however, now being offered on this point that there can be no longer any substantial reason for doubting that the five senses man imperfectly ex ercises are by no means all that are pos sible to sentient creatures. One such sense not possessed by the human beings, but to a greater or less degree almost universally present in mammals, birds, reptiles, fish and In sects, is what, perhaps, may be called the sense of localization. It enables its possessor, apparently by its sole use, to find a desired spot. It is evidently closely connected with an instinctive and perfect memory of distance and di rection. That the homing pigeon exer cises it to some extent though undoubt edly aided by the landmarns it recog nizes, is indisputable; that the honey bee has it in its fullness and perfection cannot, after the careful experiments of Albrecht Bethe, in Germany, be doubt ed. TOLD BY DOGS» TAILS. Moat IMMns and Infallible Index to Thalr D««e«ut from Wolf or Jackal. A writer, in tracing the ancestry of the dog to the wolf and Jackal, notices typical differences in the case of their eyes, their body colors and markings, I the habit of turning around before lying down, and other interesting peculiari ties; but he does not mention the most striking and infallible way of distin guishing- them, namely, by the curious and distinct fashion in which they carry ■ their tails. ] Wolves have a sneaking way of carry j ing their tails low, almost dragging on the ground, while dogs carry their tails up, and the farther removed they are from the wolf type the higher they carry them. Shepherd dogs and collies, whi<jl retain many of their racial character istics,- carry their tails lowest of all; setters and pointers a degree or two higher, stiffening out straight when drawing, on game; terriers and hounds elevate their tails to the spinal line; St. Bernards and Newfoundlands affect a curve over tbe back; while pugs actual ly come to a full twist. 'Trick of Walters. I Continental waiters, says Truth, have an international system, in the way they paste hotel labels on visitors' luggage, of showing what may be expected in the matter of tipn N«gro Farmers la Taxas. There are 3,000"negro farmers mem bers of the Farmers' Improvement so ciety. of Texas. They own 50,000 acre* of land.