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A CLEVER JAPANESE RUSL
w mm *m mm m m MASKED HOWITZERS ON KINTATO ISLAND DURING THE PASSAGE OF THE Y ALU. The genius of the Japanese for preserving secrecy In all that pertains to military operations Is exemplified by the manner In which they mask all their positions, both for guns and men. The howitzers, which furnished such a terrible surprise to the Russians during the battle of the Passage qf the Yalu were situated on Ivintato Island, and were emplaced in pits dug in the sand, in front of which enormous balks of timber had been sunk upright in the ground and covered with boughs of trees and scrub lashed to the timber by grass ropes. At a very slight distance these erections could not be distin guished from the surrounding trees, and the high angle of fire precluded the flash of the guns—using smokeless powder—from being observed by the enemy. WAS POPULAR IN AMERICA. The Late Wilson Barrett, English Actor, Dramatist and Manager. The death of Wilson Barrett, which occurred recently in London, follow ing an operation for cancer, removed a popular English actor, dramatist, novelist and theatrical manager. Bar rett was well known in this country, where he had rnnde several tours, and established a reputation for himself on this side of the Atlantic which placed him among the most popular of the foreign dramatic artists. Barrett was the son of an English gentleman farmer and was born in Es sex fifty years ago. He became fasci nated with the stage while still a boy. WILSON BARRETT. At 12 he was thrown upon his own resources and going to London, with barely a penny in his pocket, deter mined to become an actor. Utilizing his spare moments and what little money he had he began to prepare himself for a dramatic career. He was playing small parts in a theater when 15 and three years later he stud led and played twelve characters a week. llis first attempt at managing a theater was a failure, but later he met with success as the lessee of dif ferent London playhouses. The great epoch of his life opened when he be came manager of the Princess Thea ter and here founded the great school of modern melodrama. In 1884 he gave I/ondon his new Hamlet Startlingly original In his conception, Barrett's performance of Hamlet became a topic of discussion in two hemispheres. As joint author of several of his melodramas he gave ev idence of considerable genius as a dra matist Mr. Barrett gave up the lease of the Princess Theater in 18S6, but remained the lessee of theaters at Leeds and Hull, and began the con struction of a theater of his own in London which became the finest in the great metropolis. Mr. Barrett's advent in New York in 1886 was something like an invasion. Three ships brought the scenery. A big Atlantic liner transported the com pany with its ninety monumental bas kets of wardrobes, and more than fifty people comprised the dramatic army. It was a failure, however, and resulted in losing him his London theater and, indirectly, bis foothold in the great city. His financial failure was followed by his scoring a big success in the re ligious play. "The Sign of the Cross," which he wrote himself. He visited America four times following his first disastrous Invasion and was well re ceived. In 1899 he took charge of the Lyceum Theater In London, which had long been under the direction of Henry Irving. LACE-MAK ING IN BELGIUM. Hordes of Women, Children and Grown Up Boys Found in the Vocation. Belgium has Indeed become the great lace-making center of the world. With its one thousand lace-schools and one hundred and fifty thousand work ers—chiefly women, though tiny chil dren and even grown-up boys are by no means exempt from this dainty duty—it is turning out millions of dol lars' worth of hand-made lace each year. The women lace-makers are called dentellières. Though the shop in the Belgian city is the rnecca of the fair purchaser, it is the litle town with its horde of lace-makers that also interests the tourist. It is common all over Bel gium, in fact, to see the humble lace maker working away in front of her cottage door. Usually there is a row of them—probably a score—who have gathered from one street before one particular house, where all day long the needle plies its busy task." Be tween turns of the needle or twists of the bobbin the worker sings a song commending Saint Anne, patron saint of the dentellieres, which concludes, after declaring work a burden, with the wish thnt "every day was the fete of Saint Anne." It is as natural for these poorer women in Belgium to make lace as to eat, and even the ba bies are brought up on the bobbin, as it were. The little ones are placed in a low chair at one end of the row of iace-makers, and given a simple pattern to do, thnt perhaps another franc may be secured for the family pocketbook. There they work, day after day, at exceedingly low pay. From seven in the morning until seven at night the toiler bends over the pattern, usually receiving daily one franc and twenty five centimes—the whole amount equal to about twenty-five cents in Ameri can money—or even less, ouly nfty centimes a day, or ten cents, being not uncommon remuneration.—Wom an's Home Companion. Hubit. "This talk of us bein' creatures of habit Is all bosh," declared Uncle Hi, with whom his rich son-in-law from the city was spending the summer. "Possibly," laughed the younger man, "but why is it that you always will carry an ox gad when I take you for a ride in the auto?"—Detroit Free Press. Poor Man. Mrs. Delancey—Men are so apt to jump at conclusions. Last night my husband acted awfully because he Im agined he had stepped on a tack. Mrs. McKenzie—What was it? Mrs. Delancey—Only a hatpin.— Woman's Home Companion. locality Makes a Difference. "Is it true, pa, thnt storks can fly 100 miles an hour?' "Well, not in Utnh; they have too many stops to make."—Town Topics. "The thing you hate most to do: that's your most important duty, as a rule," one man says. It isn't true; duty is not unpleasant, ns soon as you are convinced that it is best for you. And a trial will soon convince you of it «JUDICIAL DECISIONa A school law which classifies school districts without adhering either to the common-law classification of munici palities or to any method of classrlflca tion that is germane to the purposes of the enactment is held, in tUcdo vs. Hoboken (N. J. Err. and App.), 63 L. R. A. 485, to be unconstitutional as being a local and special law provid ing for the management and support of free public schools. One who has sold his property to a combination and been placed in pos session as agent of the purchaser, is held, in Gilbert vs. American Surety Company (C. C. A. 7th C), 01 L. R. A. 253, to have no right after years of service under that agreement to repu diate the contract and reclaim the property on the ground that the con tract under which the sale was effect ed was in restraint of trade. Evidence that subscribing witness es to a will who are out of the Jurisdic tion, and whose signatures have been duly proved, have made statements contradictory of the fact contained in the attestation clause of the will, and are of bad reputation for honesty and integrity, is held, in Farleigh vs. Kel ley (Mont), 63 L. R. A. 319, to be ad missible for the purpose of impeach ing the effect of the proof of their sig natures. A corporation authorized to develop and use the water power of a river, 1 and generate electric or other power, light or heat and utilize, transmit and distribute it for its own use or the use of other individuals or corporations is held, ln Fallsburg Power and Manu- j facturing Company vs, Alexander (Va.), 61 L. IL A. 129. to be for a pri vate and not a public purpose, and therefore not entitled to exercise the right of eminent domain. The owner of an electric streeLcar. against whom suit is brought by a pas senger injured by the burning out of a fuse, is held, in Cassady va. Old Col ony Street Railroad Company (Mass.), 63 L. R. A. 285, not to be entitled to an instruction that the doctrine of res ipsa loquitur does not apply where the evidence might justify a finding that the resulting flame was greatly In excess of what would have resulted had the fuse been in proper condition 1 and the imperfect condition of the fuse ! could have been discovered by the use 1 of reasonable care. j A statute providing that whenever persons desiring to remove any tract of land from the corporate limits of j the city shall petition for such remov al, it shall be made, provided that after published notice the district court shall find that no public or pri vate right will be injured or endan gered, all considerations as to any right of the city or its creditors to look to the property for taxes being exclud ed, is held, in Hutchinson vs. Leini bach (Kan.) 63 L. R. A. 630, to be un constitutional, In that it attempts to confer a legislative power upon such petitioners. An administrator who at the time of his appointment was hopelessly in solvent and who continued so during all the time of his administration up to and Including the time of his finan cial settlement is held, in re Howell (Neb.), 61 L. R. A. 313, to be entitled to turn over the evidence of his un collectable debt to his successor or other proper authority and to be dis charged from his official liability therefore. A note to this case reviews the authorities on liability of adminis tration and his sureties for debt owing by the former to the estate of his in testate where the administrator is hopelessly Insolvent STRANGER TO THE FLAG. A Man Who Had Never Been the Na tional Emblem. A man was discovered in Coosa County, Alabama, last winter who had never seen the American flag. What Is more, he had not the least percep tion of what it meant and was much astonished when this was explained to him. The incident happened in the long leaf pine country in which the Kaul Lumber Company is operating, near the little backwoods town of Juniata. A party of government foresters, un der Franklin W. Reed, was encamped in the woods besides the road. A large flag tied to a sapling pine announced the site as a government camp. One evening a little old man came down the road driving a yoke of steers and stop lied to inquire whether the paity would like to buy some pork. He got out of his cart, sat down on a stump, and after a moment's conversation his eye caught sight of the flag on the sapling. He looked at It in a puz zled way. then asked what it was. The men at first thought he was joking, but it was soon apparent the question was in good faith. "That's the American flag. man. Haven't you ever seen the flag be fore?" No, he had never seen a flag of any kind before. He had heard there were such things, and once he had seen a picture of a flag on a poster, but that was a long time ago, and he had al most forgotten about it. He had lived in the woods all his life and had never been more than thirteen miles from home. He wanted to know what the flag meant, and listened in silence when this was explained to him. He did not know how to read or write, and had never heard that the Fourth of July was any different from any other day.—Collier's Weekly, You may kick, you may shatter a boom if you will, but the hopes of its owner will cling to it still. Wise is the wife who has ouly small wishes to be granted. A RETRIBUTIVE fate, The Remarkable Feature Attending the Aaaaaaination of Von Plehve. Never In this generation has the re port of an assassination of one in high authority been received in this country with such indifference as was the news of the death of M. Von Plehve at the hands of a bomb-thrower. The act was diabolical in nature and lacked none of the cruel features which attended the end of the present Czar's grandfather more than twenty years ago. The value of human life is nowhere placed higher than in America and condemnation of murder is nowhere more severe and prompt than here. Yet in this Instance the press and even VON PLEHVE, "THE TERRIBLE." some of our public meu were unani mous in declaring that a retributive fate had overtaken a tyrant. The act was not applauded, but seemed to be regarded as a meting out of justice which even the victim himself had looked for. Von Plehve was a man of ability and strength of character, whose efforts should have been direct ed in humane channels He bore the reputation of being the oppressor of Finland and the Jews, and a traitor to his own people. His murder was a crime, a violation of divine and human law. Yet it is significant, and does his memory no honor, that it evoked little sympathy for him or condemnation for his slay er.—Utica Globe. MRS. NELSON A. MILES. Vf»/ Mrs. Nelson A. Miles, wife of the distinguished soldier, died at West Point recently, where she was on a visit to her son, Sherman, who is a student at the military academy. Mrs. Miles «vas a daughter of Judge Charles Sherman and a niece of the late Sena tor Sherman, of Ohio, and of Gen. W. T. Sherman. In Washington society Mrs. Miles, while her healtli remained unimpaired, took a leading part. She was most popular and her parties were select affairs. She is survived by Gen. Miles, her sou who is at West Point, and one daughter, Mrs. Reber, wife of Maj, Relier, who was on Gen. Miles' staff when the latter was commanding gen eral of the army. Married or Unmarried. At tlie restaurant: The curious one —I suppose you have lots of married couples come in here and couples that are not married? Waiter—Oh, yes. "And how do you tell one class from the other?" "The man who brings in his wife says: 'I'm going to have steak, Mary; what do you want?' When the woman is not his wife the man asks: 'What are you going to have?' "—Boston Transcript. Mail Service to Panama. The postoffice department has an nounced the establishment of United States postoffices in the Panama canal zone, where the following offices have been established: Cristobol, Gorgona, Culebra, Galun, Bas Obispo, La Boca. Bohio, emperador and Ancon. Mail should he addressed in the following style: Bas Obispo, Canal Zone, Isth mus of Panama." "It's an HI Wind—" "You look happy, little boy." "Yes, sir. Ma jist baked a cake an' it's all- burnt on top." "But why should that make you happy?" "'Cause when her cakes is burnt we can eat ail we want."—Philadel phia Ledger. A certain good doctor didn't havi much of a diploma. "The Lord gave him a diploma," an admirer said. r "Sait mackerel run from 20 to 25 cents, according to size," said the gro reryman. "The big fat ones cost more than the little thin ones. They're as easy to catch, but they cost more just the same. No, 25 cents ain't a big price when you come to think how few there are of 'em. A pair o' mackerel don't raise ruore'n 19,000,000 young ones in the course of a year, and that naturally makes 'em scarce. As for the market reports, you don't want to believe everything you see in the pa pers." "You needn't trouble about the mackerel," said the pretty cook. "If I have to pay that price for 'em, I don't want 'em." "Take some anchovies, then," sug gested the grocery man. They're just as fishy, and they taste as snlty, and you get more of 'em. No? Well, just as you say. I wouldn't want to force you to take 'em if you don't want 'em. The only kind o' fish I've got any use for is an oyster jeracker. If you eat an oyster cracker with cheese you don't hardly notice the taste. Want any berries?" "What have you got?" "Straw, rasp, black, blue, cran or mul. All fresh except what's canned. I've got some nice raspberries at 15 cents." "A box?" "No, a can. They come at 10 by the box—10 cents apiece. Peaches? Plums?" T wish you'd stop talking a min ute and let me think what I want," said the pretty cook, crossly. "I was tryin' to help you," said the groceryman. "We don't any of know what we Want until wo see it or somebody tells us about it. Until I saw you 1 hadn't got the least idoe—" "Oh, hush!" snid the cook, knitting her brows. "What are peaches?" "They're suthin' about the size of apple," explained the groceryman. 'They grow on trees, like apples, only they've got a harder core. Every spring the crop gets killed off by frost regular, and along about now you can buy all you want of 'em for 5 cents m The Prince of Monaco is a first class lecturer on deep-sea life. Lord Justice Vaughan Williams owns flourishing butchers' shops. The catalogue of orchids in the Kew Gardens of London describes 220 spec imens. The North German Lloyd has fifty one steamers on fourteen lines iu East Asiatic waters. Before Huntley Wright became a leading comedian lie was a heavy vil lain in melodrama. Contracts have been let by the Grand Trunk Railway for a new 360-foot ferry to he used at Toledo. In the Brazilian State of Rio Grande do Sul about 400,000 cattle are annual ly slaughtered for jerked beef alone. Sir Gilbert Parker, the eminent nov elist, has been a clergyman, professor in a deaf and dumb institute, deacon, editor and playwright. Italy has 16,700,000 trees bearing oranges, lemons and pomegranates. Of last year's crop 844,329 hundredweight went to Great Britain, 726,327 to North America. King Edward VII. once wrote In a confession book that the person he dis liked most was "the man who points at you with his umbrella and shouts out *There he is!' " It is estimated that about 4.500 trav elers from the United States have vis ited Greece during each of the last four years, and have annually left about $1,500,000 in the kingdom. A German photographer, Kunwald. when taking a picture of a woman of doubtful age places sheets of celluloid between the negative and the printing paper, thus producing a very softening effect, which hides the marks of age. The Australian government has or ganized an expedition under Captain Barclay to explore the region, com prising 50,000 square miles, between Eyre lake and the western boundary of Queensland. It is a desert of the worst type, which has cost the lives of several explorers. A Russian ophthalmologist affirms that contrary to generally received opinion tlie electric light is less preju dicial to the sight than the other varie ties of artificial light. He bases this affirmation on the fact that diseases and affections of the eye are directly proportional to the frequency of wink ing. Now he has shown that winking occurs with candlelight 6.8 times a minute; with gaslight, 2.8 times; with sunlight, 2.2 times, and only 1.3 times with the electric light. The largest station for wireless telegraphy is being placed near Pisa, Italy. On its completion, by the end of this year, it is expected to afford direct communication with all coun tries of Europe, as well as the United States and Canada, and with all ves sels on the Mediterranean, Indian and Atlantic Oceans. According to the United States cen «us ln 1890, there were 89.630 members because they ain't good an' ripe, and you don't want many. They've got nice complexions, and the men at the fruit stands make 'em wear pink veil* to keep 'em from gettin' freckles. That's one kind o' peach. There's an other kind wears a blue stripe calicker dress with the sleeves rolled up an' has got flour on her elbows and a little soot on the side of her nose." The pretty cook applied the corner of her apron to the feature referred to and the groceryman laughed. "It's off now," he said. "You've moved it over to your cheek. Here, let me show you where it is." "You keep away from me," said the the pretty cook, threatening the young man with her rolling pin. "You can send me half a peck of peaches, and I want a bunch of parsley, two pounds of creamery butter and a five-pound can of lard. I want some potatoes, too. Have you any good ones?" "Sure!" answered the groceryman. "Put up in fancy baskets, tied with brown silk ribbon, and every potato wrappped in paraffin paper and tin foil. Say, I can remember the time when potatoes was as common as ornuges. Almost any family fell as if they could afford to cat potatoes. Down on South Water street you'd see 'em piled up in sacks and bushel baskets v.ithout any protection at all, and nobody would think of wanting to steal 'em. Why, you could get a whole bushel of 'em for from 60 to 80 cents, and they served 'em in the restau rants with a meat order without any extra charge." "How much are they tills morning?" "Forty a peck. A peck? All right, be careful how you peel 'em. Say, Evelina, to-morrow's Thursday." "What about it?" asked the pretty cook. "Well, it's our afternoon off, that's all, and I've got the pasteboards for a picnic at Downer's Grove. Want to go?" "No, thank you," snid the cook.' "I've got an engagement." "Too had," commented the •grocery man. "1 was hoping I could sell you my tickets."—Chicago Daily News. of tlie bar in the United States, or one to every 698 of the population. Accord ing to the census of 1900 the total number was 114.703, or one to every 659 of the population. Since 1900 there has been a very considerable ad dition to the number of lawyers. One of the richest bachelors in Eng land, and the richest peer in the house of peers, the Marquis of Bute, has just celebrated his twenty-third birthday, and there's not a young spinster of high degree whose family would not like to have her capture the matrimonial prize. Whoever the future marchioness is she must be a Catholic, and this obligation has interfered with his lordship's choice. The officials of the Wesleyan Sunday school, Swinton, England, lay claim to having upon their register the oldest Sunday school teacher in England, if not in the United Kingdom. George Doxey, who is now in his eighty-eighth year, has been a teacher sixty-nine years, and holds the remarkable record that for half a century he was never absent from school, and during forty years he was never once late. Though eighty-seven years old, lie is able to read without the aid of spectacles. SPENCER'S LOVE STORY. The Great Philosopher Had a Very t Human Side. Herbert Spencer never married. When he was twenty years old he had something like a tender affair and he tells about it in his autobiography. The young lady's affections had al ready been placed elsewhere and she was only playing with the budding philosopher. One day "her young man" called and they all went out for a walk. Spencer says: "She, taking his arm, looked over her shoulder smilingly and rather mischievously to see what effect was produced on me, there being an evident suspicion that 1 should not be pleased. The revela tion was not agreeable to me, but still it did not give me a shock of a se rious kind." Spencer's only other affair concerns George Eliot. His account of it does uot reflect credit on his gallantry. He says: "Of course, as we were fre quently seen together, people drew their inferences. Very slight evidence usually suffices the world for positive conclusions and here the evidence seemed strong. Naturally, therefore, quite definite statements became cur rent. There were reports that I was in love with her and that we were about to be married. But neither of these reports was true." Farther on Spencer says: "Physical beauty is a sine qua non with me, as was once unhappily proved, where the intellectual traits and the emotional traits were of the highest." Analyzed, these passages can only mean that tha reason the friendship between them did not ripen Into love and marriage was that the author of "Adam Bede" was not beautiful enough to suit the author of "First Principles." The in ference is that she would have "had him" if he had asked her. If a book will entertain any one waiting his turn in a dentist's chair, there need be no further test applied to its entertaining powers.