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PRINCE mm IS Dl
HE WAS FOREIGN MINISTER UN TIL FATHER'S RETIREMENT. Has Taken Little Part in Public Af fairs Since—Was Independent in Politics—Scandal in Early Years Marred His Career—Title and For tune Goes to Seven Year Old Son. Frederichsruh, Sept. 19.—Prince Herbert Bismarck is dead. The end was painless. Since he ceased to be foreign min ister on ihe retirement of his father in 1890. Prince Henry Bismarck had taken part in public affairs only as a member of the reichstag. His atti tude had been more of a man not ap preciated by his sovereign, and who is waiting in the background for an opportunity to resume his career. His delivery as a parliamentary speaker improved year by year. He always declined to join any political group, steadfastly calling himself an independent. His hauteur and impe rious manners in early life, when he. was overconscious of the fact that he" was the son of the most powerful statesman in Europe, softened in later life. Prince Bismarck's father trained him for his successor as chancellor of the German empire and advanced him rapidly in the diplomatic service un til, at the age of 40, he was minister of foreign affairs, in which position he took part in nearly every important national incident. Elopement With a Princess. An incident that nearly wrecked Prince Bismarck's career and that caused the old chancellor annoyance was Prince (then count) Herbert's elopement with Princess Carolath Beuthen, the wife of Prince Karl, the head of that distinguished Silesian house. Prince Bismarck at that time was his father's private secretary. Count Herbert lived with the princess in southern Italy for a few weeks, and then, at the command of his father, returned to Germany. The princess was divorced and has since died. The title of Prince Bismarck and the large fortune of the deceased will go to his soven year old son, Otto. The late Emperor Frederick gave to Chancellor Bismarck extensive at Friedrichsruh, which have since in creased in value, and the chancellor gave to Prince Herbert $2,400,000 in securities and cash. The estate is now estimated to be worth $4,000,000. at Sporting Notes. A baseball game between Wallace, ■'■'Idaho, and Ritzville, Wash., will be played in Spokane next Sunday for the amateur championship of eastern Washington and Idaho. The 15 round boxing contest at Se attle netween Billy Woods and Tommy Burns was called a draw by Referee Charles Reno. There was consider able dissatisfaction with the decision. George Gardner of Lowell, Mass., and Jim Flynn of Pueblo fought a 10 round draw before the Denver Athletic club recently. Flynn's strength pre vented Gardner from putting him out. He compelled Gardner to fight close, and throughout the exchanges both were about even. While exercising in the high school gymnasium at Davenport, Washington, Brooke Anderson, a 17 year old son of J. W. Anderson, fell dead from a sudden affectation of the heart. The Stanford 'varsity football team was defeated Saturday by that of the Olympic club by a score of 5 to 0. The playing showed lack of practice on both sides. At a matinee Saturday of the Gen tlemen's Driving club at Cleveland, O., Lou Dillon was driven a half mile by Millard Sanders in 58% seconds, break ing the world's record for that dis tance. New York.—Africander, with O'Neill in the saddle, won the $10,000 Bright on cup. He was second choice at 2 to 1. McChesney, the favorite, admir ably ridden by Redfern, was second, and Major Daingerfleld last. The time, 3:55, was very slow. J. W. Bailey, manager for "Kid" Herman, who is at Hunter Springs Mont., and manager for Jack McCar thy, who beat Mose La Fontise it Butte last week, is in Spokane, and says he will match Herman against Herrera in Spokane for a side bet of $500, the winner to take 75 per cent of the purse, the loser to take 25 per cent. After losing to "Battling" Nel son in Butte in a 20 round mill, Her rera is now willing for a match. Railway Etiquette in Japan. When a native lady enters a Jap anese railway carriage she slips her feet from her tiny shoes, stands upon the seat and then sits demurely with her feet doubled beneath her. A mo ment later she lights a cigarette, or her little pipe, which holds just enough tobacco to produce two good whiffs of smoke. Many Japanese people sit with their feet upon the seat of the car. Alleged Lynchers Surrender. Baxter, Fla.—Twelve of the men al leged to have been implicated in the killing of Deputy Sheriff Thrift came into town and surrendered to Sheriff •Harnden. They were quickly started for Jacksonville on a special train, un der guard of the militia. The blind delight in races of all sorts. They do not run toward a tape, as the seeing do, but toward a bell That jangles briskly. THE PAST WEEK OF WAR. Russians Fortify Tie Pass—Japs Re cuperate. The past week was one of inactivity at the scene of war, so far as actual engagements were concerned. Kuro patkin was at Mukden, and a large part of nis force was at work on the fortifications of Tie pass. The main army of Oyama remained in the vicin ity of ï entai, recuperating after the severe work around I.iaoyang and, de spite Russian surmises, evidently get ting in form for another advance movement. The Baltic fleet was re ported to have sailed from Cronstadt, and the Russian auxiliary cruiser Lena arrived at San Francisco. On Monday Kuroki was reported to have fallen back to join the main army Yentai, while on Tuesday it was said that a Japanese force was within 24 miles of Mukden, but not moving north. Preparations by the Russians for a resistance at Mukden continued, and work on the Tie pass fortifications was pushed vigorously. Kuropatkin's official report of the battle of Liaoyang was made public Wednesday, and the Russian comman der said that his losses were below 17,000, of which 4500 were killed. The Japanese remained stationary, but were reported to have taken over the local administration of the Manchu rian districts occupied by them. Late in the week work of dismantl ing the Russian cruiser began at San Francisco, and on Friday the Japanese were reported as concentrating at Bensiaputze, about 20 miles southeast of Mukden. The larger part of the army, however, was still at Yentai. With the close of the week it was evident that another Japanese advance had begun, an early report from Muk den yesterday announcing that the for ward movement of Oyama was from the east, southeast and southwest. Out posts were closely engaged and there was almost constant skirmishing. All the indications point to another battle this week, either at Mukden itself or at the strong positions to the north, which the Russians have fortified since their retreat from Liaoyang. C. of ENCKE'S COMET NOW VISIBLE. Famous Fiery Phenomena May Now Be Seen. Encke's famous comet is now ap proaching perihelion and is visible to inland Empire people with a telescope. This comet is famous in that it has the shortest period of recurrence, about three and on-fourth years. It is named for Johann Franz Encke, a Ger man astronomer, who discovered the remarkable shortness of its period, but the comet was really first observed by Pons, the famous French astrono mer in Marseilles in 1818. It has ap peared with great brilliancy on several occasions. Astronomers say that it will again describe the long fiery tail resembling that of a fish that has char acterized its former appearances. It is gradually getting nearer and nearer the sun, and the general belief is that it will one day fall into that body and be consumed. The comet at the present time is in the southern part of the constellation Cetus, rising above the southeastern horizon at about 7:45 in the evening, so that it is in good position for ob servation about 9:30 p. m., but is not visible without the aid of a telescope, it is slowly moving in a southwesterly direction and will reach perihelion, or make its nearest approach to the sun January 3, 1905. It is noted as being nearest the sun of all known comets, having the shortest period of re currence f3.303 years), and as having its period shortened from two hours to two and one-half hours with each re turn to pehihelion. NAVY TRIES NIGHT WORK North Atlantic Squadron Practices Marksmanship. Remarkable results have already been obtained in the naval target prac tice now going on in Menemsha bight. The vessels of the North Atlantic squadvon in last spring's target prac tice bioke all the world's records for rapidity and accuracy of fire both with big and little guns, but this was day light work under favorable conditions for good shooting. The big ships are now doing some extraordinary night shooting. The ex perience of the Russo-Japanese war has convinced the general board that in the future the great naval battles may be fought at night and it is cer tain that most of the torpedo work will be done in the hours of darkness. Hence it is believed to be essential to develop the gun pointers at night work and already surprising results have been obtained in the practice in the night. Using her eight inch guns one of the battleships made eight hits out of nine shots at night. The target, distant about a mile, was illuminated by a searchlight and the gunners used a special night sight. The ship from which this shooting was done was forg ing ahead in the open sea at 10 knots. Captured By Japs at Liaoyang. Tokio. —Marquis Oyama, commander in chief of forces in the field, has telegraphed that General Oku had re ported he captured 13 prisoners at the battle of Liaoyang. He also gave a detailed list of the Russian stores which General Oku captured, as fol lows: Thirty horses, 2288 rifles, 127 ammu nition wagons, 5892 rounds of artil lery, 659,930 small arms cartridges, great quantities of timber, flour, rice, forage, engineering implements, cloth ing and accoutrements. Detailed lists of the stores captured all a .by the armies of General Kuroki and iNodzu have not yet been received. n im »111 n ITEMS OF INTEREST GATHERED DURING THE PAST WEEK. Mine Owners Pushing Work on Their Properties in Idaho, Montana and Oregon—Mine Operations of British Columbia Are Rather Quiet—Many Accidents and Personal Events. It is announced that President S. H. C. Miner will probably retire from the management of the Granby Consoli dated company at the annual meeting of the corporation in Montreal Octo ber 4. A report is given credence in I eastern papers that the James J. Hill l interests have secured the Canadian stock in the Granby and will be largely represented in the direction of the big Phoenix and Grand Forks, B. C., mine and smelter. British Columbia Items. Word has been sent out that work has been resumed on the Thunder mountain trail, by which Lewiston and all north Idaho towns hope to capture the bulk of the trade from that mining district. E. H. Thurston, owner of the Carmi, on the west fork of the Kettle river, has installed a stamp mill and con centrator at his mine. The plant is running very smoothly under the su perintendence of Robert C. Longley. H. Edmunds, a prominent mining man residing at Ladysmith, B. C„ was instantly killed recently by a yard engine, while he was walking down the Esquimau & Nanaimo railway towards the Tyee smelter. Mr. Edmunds was accompanied by W. M. Kiddie, brother of the superintendent of the Tyee smelter, who was also thrown from the track l y the engine and is in a critical condition. Charles Wyatt met with a serious accident in the Emma mine last week. Observing an overhanging rock which he thought ought to be removed, he was preparing to blast it, when it sud denly fell on him, resulting in the breaking of an arm and a severe bruis ing. Charles N. Collins, one of the pio neers of the Boundary, and for a long time identified with its mining inter ests, died recently at Greenwood, after a protracted illness. Ore shipments from Rossland camp last week were: Le Roi, 2000 tons; Center Star, 1450; War Eagle, 1200; Le Roi No. 2, 480; Le Roi No. 2, mill ed, 300; Spitzee, 30; Jumbo, 300; Cliff 30; Velvet-Portland, milled, 250; the White Bear, milled, 100; total, 0200 tons; jear to date, 251,908 tons. Phoenix News. The Montreal & Boston Consolidated Mining & Smelting company in two weeks should be shipping ore to the company's smelter at. Boundary Falls at the rate of from 200 to 400 tons per day. By the end of next week the re timbering and widening of the Brook lyn incline shaft will probably be completed. At the Stemwinder men started lo erect the new .gallows frame. Until the new air compressor that has never been used is placed in com mission, the Brooklyn group, by ar rangement with the Granby company, will lease sufficient air to operate five or six drills. The work of stripping and prepar ing the Rawhide, another of the Brook lyn group, but located a half mile dis tant, .s progressing steadily, and it is expected to secure a considerable ton nage from this property. Ore shipments from the Boundary mines for the last week were: Gran by mines to Granby smelter, 11,870 tons; Mother Lode to Greenwood smel ter, 2752 tons; Emma to Greenwood and Nelson smelters, 1088 tons; Moun tain Rose to Greenwood smelter, 99 tons; total for week, 15,759 tons. Last week the Granby smelter treated 12, 088 tons of ore, a total of 421,422 tons this year. Mining Notes. Another big strike is reported in the Doane Rambler, the oldest copper mine in Wyoming. In running a crosscut from a tunnel 125 feet from the old shaft, a breast of solid copper ore four feet in width was encountered. Only one wall was found, which indicates that the vein is much wider than four feet. It is estimated that if the ore runs 15 per cent copper, which is very low tor Rambler ore, there is now in sight 1,600,000 pounds of copper, val ued at $200,000. An important strike was made in the lower workings of the Cyclone mine, six miles east of Baker City, Ore. In a drift from the 400 foot level the min ers broke into a body of ore two feet in width that runs over $120 per ton. The Gem mine, near Sparta, Ore., has three shifts who are sinking the large working shaft, which is now over 400 feet deep. Sumpter, Ore.—A small force has been put to work at the Red Boy. The Oregon Monarch, near the Red Boy, is also working a small crew on con tract work. Articles of incorporation of the Cook City Smelting company, organized to do a mining and smelting business, have been filed with the secretary of state at Helena. The concern will op erate at Cooke City, with its principal branch office at Seattle, Wash. Its capital stock is $10,000, all of which has been subscribed. The Copper King mine, near Che welah, Wash., has just shipped the 13th car of ore to Grand Forks, B. C., be a is a and is installing a new electric blower jwhen it is completed more men will put to work. The Nellie S. mine is working a full force of men and tak ing out some very fine copper ore, which is being placed in bins for ship ment. A four horse freighting outfit houled wagon load of loose ore from the Ta ber Fraction, Cracker creek district. Ore., which is being operated by the Columbia Mining company. It was destined for the smelter. Operations are to be resumed im mediately at the Morning mine, Green horn district, Ore. The main lower crosscut tunnel will be extended to a connection with the ledge. When this done 200 feet of stoping ground will be added to that already in sight. The mill is near the mouth of this tunnel, thus giving an outlet for ore at the mill, and thereby making a great sav ing in the cost of handling. Of the four original owners of the property, but two remain, Messrs. Ames and Simmons. Men were put to work on Deep creek, near Northport, Wash., last week by the Cheweiah Marble com pany taking out marble for the eastern market. Judge Kennan of Spokane dismissed the suit of Robert Breeze against the Lone Pine Surprise Company, to dis solve the sale of its property to the Pearl Consolidated company. It is announced that Dr. J. F. Reddy of Spokane, who recently bonded the Opp quartz mine, located near Jack sonville, Ore., lias left for San Fran cisco to purchase a 20 stamp mill and other machinery. The convention of the United Mine workers of America has adjourned, af ter nominating officers to be chosen by referendum vote. The result of the convention is a decision to con tinue the strike in the southern coal fields of Colorado and a more thor ough understanding with the Western Federation of Miners. Glass & Witherop, controlling the Oro Fino company, which owns the gold property of the same name near Alamo, in eastern Oregon, have start ed work and are installing a pump and hoist which will be used in pumping out the shafts. Idaho has a new copper camp, sit uated on Montana-Idaho divide, west of Missoula. It is rich in chalcopy rites. Newsome placers (Idaho), pays the Sacajawae company about $250 a day during the past season. The oilier camps did well, too. It is expected that another dividend will be declared next month of from 15 to 20 per cent. HOLD ON UNTIL JANUARY. Kuropatkin's Orders to Port Arthur Garrison. Two Germans and a Cossack who have arrived at Chefoo from Port Ar thur assert that General Kuropatkin told Lieutenant General Stoessel that he must hold out until January, and they say that the garrison has ammu nition and food for six months. This probably is greatly exaggerated. Boys as young as 13 years have been impressed for hospital work. The destruction of the coast defense vessel Gremiaschi, by striking a mine, is confirmed. the the ing ed A er Coming Events. Fresbytey of Spokane, Reardan, Oc tober 4. Synod of Washington, Davenport, October 6. Oregon W. C. T. U. state conven tion, Portland, October 18-27. Society of Montana Pioneers, Butte, October 11-12. Eastern Washington W. C. T. U., North Yakima, October 11-13. Washington Congregational associa tion, Tacoma, October 4-6. FAIRS. ETC. Spokane Interstate fair, October 3-9. Washington state fair, North Yak ima, September 26-October 1. Western Montana fair, Missoula, September 27-30. Montana state fair, Helena, October 3-9. Lewiston Interstate fair, October 17 22 . Marble Workers' Strike Ends. Rutland, Vt.—The strike of 500 mar ble workers, which began July 11, is ended and the men will resume work under the same conditions that pre vailed when the strike was declared. American to See Peter Crowned. Belgrade, Servia.—John B. Jackson, American minister to Greece, Rouma nia arid Servia, has arrived here from Athens to attend the coronation of King Peter. Church—We had some attractive features on the Fourth. Gotham—And the next day I sup pose there were a lot of features in town which were not so attractive— Yonkers Statesman. Mrs. Newife—Bridget, I don't want you to build a fire in the new stove until you try the oven, so if it doesn't bake I can send it back.—Chicago Daily News. "Is it true, pa, that storks can fly 100 miles an hour?" "Well, not in Utah; they have too many stops to make.—Town Topics, Alcoholism is extremely rare in the Italian army. In 1901, the latest for which figures are available, only 25 cases were admitted to the hospitals. Twenty-one and a half columns of the forthcoming Oxford English die tionary are devoted to the specific ap Is plications of the adjective red D sr sr SSL Good Summer Hog Pen. Where swine are to be kept in a somewhat small enclosure and fed in the house it Is not always easy to keep the floor of the house denn. The plan here suggested will accomplish this and give the hogs something to keep them busy besides. The hoghouse is built with a slanting floor and in the end nt the high part Is cut a trough the entire width of the house, into which is thrown leaf mold or broken sod. Tills the swine will root down and it will net as an absorbent of the manure, particularly the liquid por tions. If the floor is made quite slant ing most of this sod, etc., will be root ed down to the lower end by the hogs. While the artist has not shown the floor slanting as it should be, in the il lustration, otherwise the cut will show just how the pen should be built. In IT WF A SUMMER HOQ PEN. the lower part of the illustration figure A shjws the end of the plank floor, with a strong timber supporting the edge, and n heavy piece of plank un derneath, forming the edge support Figure B, the end section, shows ex act mode of construction, the upper piece (O) floor, and X the method of spiking together to support. This rath er complicated finish Is to prevent the hogs from rooting under the floor.—In dianapolis News. KxliibitliiK Crops. Any farmer who will religiously fol low his county fairs from year to year will observe the opportunities there to mnke a reputation if he can grow one particular crop better than another. As every one knows, one soil worker Is nn expert potato grower, another raises prize swine, another understands corn better than other crops, and so on. Let each one take a specimen of that which ho can grow best to the county fair and exhibit, advises the Indianapolis News. Possibly he may not win a prize, but he will have a chance to see what others are doing and thus ascertain his own shortcom ings.- Again, his exhibit mny attract the attention of some one who wants just the product he produces and a profitable business Is worked up. The educational advantages of the county fair ought not to be overlooked and the family should lie taken to every one that can be reached nt a moderate cost. Get out Into the world and see what other farmers are doing; one will find them willing to talk and one may get enough good ideas at a single fair to pay for the expense of attendance twenty times over. Bear this item in mind as the fairs begin now und In September. A Steady Sawhorae. When sawing wood it is a matter of considerable work to get out the pieces, mortise and tit them together to make an ordinary sawhorse. The one shown in the cut from New En gland Homestead can be built in twen ty minutes if one has some strips of hardwood board at hand of the proper width. The crosspieces are firmly nailed together, and six strips of the r;: ê 'IMS-?** A QUICKLY HAUE SAWHORSE. same board put on to strengthen and hold the ends in place. Buch a horse will prove very rigid and serviceable. Improving the Meadow. There are many meadows yearly turned into pastures which might be saved for bay yields several years longer with a little care at the right time. One of the best ways of doing this at small expense is to plow the meadow early In August after manur ing it well, and here is a way of util izing manute one is storing under the shed, and which is going to waste, and sow rye In early September at the rate of two bushels an acre. In April or as early as possible, plow lander the rye, smooth and sow with grass seed, using the mixture best suit* ed to your section or using a mixture of timothy, red top and clover, which is excellent in most sections, and will not contain enough clover to Injure It for sale as prime mixed haf. Sulphate for Blight. While the recognized formula fof Rordeaux mixture yill remain a favor ite for potato blight applications, there are some objections to its use, one of the most formidable ones being the clogging of the nozzle of the sprayer by the lime used in the making of the mixture. Experiments have been made, on a small scale, with the soda-copper mixture which are exceedingly prom ising. The ordinary washing soda is used—four pounds of sulphate of cop per, five pounds of washing soda and fifty gallons of water as a basis, and increasing the quantity of sulphate and soda slightly if it was necessary. Dissolve the soda in a barrel and then pour it into the copper sulphate, mixing thoroughly and using with the spray pump in precisely the same man ner in which Bordeaux mixture la used, and nt the same intervals. While It Is not advised that this new mixture be substituted for the Bordeaux mix ture, it is well worth experimenting with on a small scale.—Exchange. Witch Grass. This Is a terrible weed to eradicate either from the field or the garden. It spreads by means of underground stems, called root stocks. These run along below the reach of the mowing machine, or of grazing animals, and often too deep to be disturbed by sur face cultivation. They produce buds nt their numerous scaiy nodes, and these buds develop Into new plants lu exactly the same manner as branches nre produced above ground. The root stocks of couch grass will sometimes grow to a length of ten to fifteen feet in one season, furnishing this weed with a means of rapid distribution and propagation, a character making It most pernicious In cultivated land. The only way entirely to get rid of it is by forking the ground over carefully, and picking It out piece by piece. Even the smallest bit left in the ground will start into growth.—American Cultiva tor. New Kgg Plant. Those who have a market for egg plant will find the Early Black Beauty decided improvement on the im proved Large Pur ple, which has been the one va riety up to the in troduction of the Black Beauty which could be re lied upon. The Early Black Beauty Is entirely spineless, Is ten EGO PLANT. days or more earlier than the Large Purple, the fruit Is large and the plants are remarkably healthy, a char acteristic which will lie greatly appre ciated. The Illustration gives an idea of the perfect form of the sort. Money in Growing Reef. Many of the agricultural papers are urging farmers to raise beef for mar ket, claiming tlint the demand exceeds tlie supply. This mny be so to a cer tain extent, but there are several other conditions to be met before this indus try can be made profitable to farmers generally. As a matter of fact, the farm and Its adaptability has every thing to do with success. There are many farms even In dairying sections not nt all suited to dairying, but emi nently fitted to raising cattle for beef, and with such a farm and a proper knowledge of the work the results would probably be successful. The question is but one of litany which should be decided entirely on local con dllions and by each man for himself. It is folly to generalize on some things, and this is one of them. Farm Notes. Milking should always lie done In a denn, airy place, free from all bad odors. Too heavy loads make balky horses. With all stock discomfort always costs In extra feed. riowing for wheat should begin Just as soon as possible after the harvest work is finished up. Dairy stock can not be Improved If a promiscuous trying of all breeds la permitted to go on. Cream should have a uniform con sistency ns well as being of uniform ripeness before churning. The cow, to do her best and continue it for the longest period, must have at least one-fifth of her food of some kind of nitrogen. It takes longer and costs more to make up a pound of loss than It does to add five pounds of gain under favor able conditions. In feeding fattening hogs the food should always be given in a clean, wholesome condition and never al* lowed to become sour. The walk Is the foundation of all the other gaits, and without beginning at the foundation all future develop ments will be unsatisfactory. Good hickory ashes are said to bo excellent for expelling worms from the bowela of young horses. Give a couple of tablespoonfuls twice a week in their feed.