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I WORLD'S NEWS II
CULLED FROM DISPATCHES OF THE ASSOCIATED PRESS. A Review of Happenings in Both Eastern and Western Hemispheres During the Past Week—National, Historical, Political and Personal Events Tersely Told. Actor Joseph Jefferson is not dying, as reported. Archer Brown, a well known iron merchant, is dead at his home in East Orange, N. J., from heart disease. Hardy B. Durham, a well known horse owner and trainer, has dropped dead at Sheepshead Bay race track. The main building of the University of Minnesota was destroyed by fire, entailing a loss of $125,000, fully in sured. Carrie Nation has issued a long ap peal to the mothers, wives and daught ers of Kansas to join her in a cru ;Sade. A. successful operation has been per iormed upon Lady Curzon at London, and it is announced that her condition is grave, but that the outlook is more hopeful. St. Augustine's parochial school in South Boston, a brick structure, was burned recently. Several firemen were injured when the roof fell. Loss es timated at $150,000. Three masked robbers broke in the house of Mr. and Mrs. Thomas Gib bons, residing near Bosburg, Pa., and tortured the aged couple in an effort to find hidden money. The largest fire since 189!) occurred at Dawson. The loss is estimated at a quarter of a million dollars, with no insurance. The fire originated in the kitchen of the Cecil hotel. The Stanford 'varsity football eleven won the second preliminary game of the season Saturday from the Pensa cola naval cadets from Goat Island. The final score was 34 to 0. Eire has completely destroyed the structural building at the Bethlehem Steel works, in Pennsylvania, togeth er wit-h the paint, car, carpenter and pattern shops. Loss probably $2'!50, 000 . Major Thomas R. Adams of the ar tillery corps, United Stales army, and assistant inspector of the department of the Pacific, was struck by a San Francisco street car and fatally in jured. A sad incident in connection with the visit to Washington, D. C., of the members of the interparliamentary union was the death of Hector Van doersaler, clerk of the house of depu ties of Belgium. The sovereign grand lodge of Odd Fellows has completed the work of its annual session by installing the officers elected, with the exception of Grand Sire R. E. Wright, who was installed at his residence in Allentown, Pa. Announcement of the winners of the cash prize drills of cantons attending the sovereign grand lodge. Indepen dent Order of Odd Fellows, has been made. The first prize of $1000 was won by the Washington, D. C., can ton. The fruit crop in the Grand Forks, B. C., valley this year is the best in years. Potatoes are selling at 2 cents per pound, and the price is expected to reach 5 cents when the cold weath er comes, as this crop is almost a total failure. At Cohn's printing establishment in Cincinnati, while the men were going to work, Harry Geoman was killed and Louis Heintzelman and Charles Snyder were seriously injured by the elevator falling from the seventh floor to the basement. Having declared that he would not live more than a year after the death of his wife, Mary, who was murdered for her money in her home by Louis Pezant on September 1.8, 1903, Jolfn Spilka of Chicago, on tlni first anni versary of the murder committed sui cide by strangling himself with a hand kerchief. The cruisers Olympia, Cleveland and Des Moines of the United States Euro pean squadron have arrived at Graves end, England. The Olympia will re main three weeks and the other two cruisers two weeks, all the vessels after their stay proceeding for the Mediterranean to take part in maneu vers there. J. T. Mitchell, the man arrested by the San Francisco police Friday on suspicion of having held up two clerks of the Central Grain & Stock ex change, has made a complete confes sion. Two thousand dollars of the $4400 has been recovered. Mitchell says his accomplice has the remain der of the stolen money. A number of bishops from abroad who will participate actively in the proceedings in the triennial general convention of the Episcopal church, to be held in Boston October 5-26, have arrived in the United States. The greater number will attend the nation al convention of the Brotherhood of St. Andrew in Philadelphia the latter part of the month before coming to Boston. A Snap. Among the estate left by the late James Mack of Spokane was a fine eight room modern house on a fine lot 60x150 feet, opposite Spokane coun ty court house, on Broadway. Lawn, shade and fruit trees, cement walk. It can be had for $4,200. Rents for $37 per month. Must be sold immediately. Apply to John Mack, 01319 A Street, Spokane. SHOT DOWN LIKE DOGS. Dastardly Deed of Thugs at Blackfoot, Idaho. Blackfoot, Idaho, Sept. 26.—As a result of an attempt to hold up a Japa nese section gang in the suburbs of this place at the section house of tne Oregon Short Line railroad, two per sons were killed and a third so badly shot that he will die. The dead are: Deputy Sheriff E. P. Sweet. Section Foreman Fitzgerald. A desperately wounded third person is one of the holdups, an unknown tramp. The deputy sheriff was summoned from his office to apprehend two ho boes who were attempting to holdup the Japanese section men. Sweet, ac companied by Fitzgerald, approached the section house, when one of the desperadoes, with a revolver in his hand, beckoned Sweet to enter. As the deputy crossed the threshold the holdup ured at close proximity, strik ing the deputy in the forehead. He fell forward on his face into the house, the wound proving fatal within an hour. The holdup then sprang over the prostrate body of the deputy, and, with an oath, started after Fitzgerald, who ran for the adjoining section house a short distance away, which he reach ed and locked the door behind him. After firing two shots through the door, the holdup broke the door down, and, cornering Fitzgerald, shot him three times, emptying his gun, after which he beat him into insensibility wun the gun. He then sprang through a window and started up the railroad track toward the town. A number of citizens, attracted by the fusilade, armed with guns, sur rounded the holdup. Taking refuge behind cars and other obstructions, they opened fire on the desperado, who returned the fire, shooting at every body in sight. Finally Deputy Sheriff Kinney, with a shotgun loaded with buckshot, brought the holdup to earth. During the melee the holdup's two companions escaped. EX-SPEAKER HENDERSON ILL. His Mind Is Affected—Caused by a Wound. Des Moines, la.—Residents of this state have learned with great sorrow that Colonel David B. Henderson, who retired from congress and the speak ership of the house two years ago, has suffered so greatly from ill health and pain of his old army wound that his mind has become affected and his memory has utterly failed him. He will live the remainder of his years in retirement with his daughter. It is given out at liis home that he is unable to travel, and his mind has shown such loss of strength that he can never hope to appear in public again. When he retired two years ago there was much mystery as to why he with drew. He had attended a conference of leading politicians in this city and announced he would defend the plat form adopted by the Iowa republicans. After he returned home he wrote a declination of his congressional nomi nation, basing his reason entirely on the statement he could not stand on the platform which he had indorsed. His friends then felt that the incident marked a failure of mind and this is now confirmed. C. P. R. SHOPMEN STRIKE. Seven Hundred Employes Lay Down Their Tools. Winnipeg, Man.—The demand of the allied mechanical trades employed on the Canadian Pacific railway for an in crease in wages culminated Saturday in a strike, when about 700 working men in the Winipeg shops laid down their tools. Men at Fort William and at other points also walked out. The men say they are asking for pay equal to the schedule that pre vails on the Northern Pacific and oth er western roads south of the interna tional boundary. This means an in crease of from 3 to 5 cents per hour over that which they have received. An official of the company interview ed said it was the intention to fight the strike and a long struggle appears imminent. Orloff Is Dismissed From Army. St. Petersburg.—Major General Or loff, who has been held responsible for the retreat of the Russian forces from l.iaoyang, has been dismissed from the army. The action was taken in accordance with a decision of Gen eral Kuropatkin. The rumor that General Stakelberg was included in the disgrace of Major General Orloff is not true. General Kuropatkin amended his original re port, in which he criticized General Stakelberg, and now exonerates the latter from all blame for the Russian reverse at Yentai, adding that General Stakelberg displayed the greatest bravery. It is rumored that General Grippen berg, commanding the troops at Vilna, has been selected to command the sec onu Manchurian army in place of Lieu tenant General Linevich. General Funston Goes East. Brigadier General Frederick D. Fun ston, accompanied by Mrs. Funston and their sons, has left for Chicago, where General Funston will assume command of the department of the lakes. Brigadier General Constant Wil liams, who succeeded General Fun ston in command of the department of the Columbia, will reach Portland September 27. It is expected that he will remain in this city a few days before proceeding to his headquarters. Vancouver barracks, Washington. Gen eral Williams will be accompanied by his wife and daughter. miimwci HEAD ON COLLISION OF PASSEN GER TRAINS IN TENNESSEE. Over 150 Persons Injured, Several of Whom Will Probably Die—Orders Had Been Disregarded—The Trains Come Together on Curve in Broad Daylight, Running 35 Miles an Hour. Knoxville, Tenn..—Running on a roadbed in a supposedly high condi tion of maintenance and having about them every safeguard known to a modern railroad, two trains on the Southern railway, carrying heavy lists of passengers, came together in a frightful head end collision near Hod ges, Tenn., sending 54 people to death and injuring 120, several of whom will probably die. Some of the bodies have not yet been recovered and many remain un identified. The Known Dead. Ralph Mountcastle, Knoxville; W. A. Galbraith, Knoxville; Monroe Ash more, age 19, Knoxville; John Black, White Pine, Tenn.; James King, Knox ville; two children of James King, Knoxville; William Kane, Knoxville, engineer of westbound train; Richard Parrott, Knoxville, engineer on east bound train; James Mills, colored, New Market, Tenn.; Roscoe King, New Market, Tenn.; E. G. Ernest, Johnson City, Tenn.; G. W. Brown, Dandridge, Tenu.; R, B. Goodwin, Jefferson City, renn.; J. D. Bird. Jefferson City, Tenn.; William Jones, son of James Jones, South Knoxville, Tenn.; Mrs. R. B. West, Grainger county, Tenn.; J. B. Gass, Dandridge, Tenn.; Mrs. J. B. Gass, Dandridge, Tenn.; Miss Gass; eight Italian immigrants, names un known; John T. Connor, Knoxville; Mrs. John Pionner, Knoxville, and daughter; Clayton Heiskell, Cincin nati; Mrs. Mary Phelps, residence un known; J. H. Stevens, Dandridge; a young man, envelope in pocket bear ing name of "J. W. Daly, Greensburg, Ind.;" Miss Nannie Murray, Newport, Tenn.; Mrs. W. O. Hadden, Knoxville; William Brewer, Knoxville; Mary Eth el Shipp; J. M. Adkins, Jellico, Tenn.; John Mollineaux, Glenmary, Tenn.; Rev. Isaac Emory, Knoxville; J. King. Newport, Tenn.; Dr. D. A. Fox, Nash ville. Miss Hatilow, Birmingham, Ala,; Mrs. Kinzell, Knoxville; Mrs. McEwen. Knoxville; John Black, White Fine, Tenn.; Julia W. Haddox, Dandridge, Tenn. Disobedience of Orders. This appalling loss of life and maim ing of the living resulted apparently from the disregarding of orders given to the two trains to meet at a station which has for a long time been their regular meeting point. Tills action on the part of the engineer of the west bound train is made more inexplicable by the fact that the accident happened in broad daylight and, according to the best information obtainable, he had the order in a little frame in front of him as his engine rushed by the sta tion, and a mile and a half further on came full upon an east bound passen ger train. The possibility exists that the ill fated engineer may have been asleep. The trans were on time and not making over 35 miles an hour, yet the impact as they rounded a curve and came suddenly upon each other was frightful. Both engines and the major portions of both trains were demol ished, and why the orders were disre garded or misinterpreted will probab ly never be known, as the engineers of the two trains were crushed, their bod ies remaining for hours under the wreckage of their locomotives. The collision was between east bound passenger No. 12 and west bound passenger No. 15 from Bristol. No. 12 was a heavy train, carrying three Pullmans, two day coaches and mail and baggage cars. No. 15 was a light local train. The greatest loss of life occurred in the east bound train, while in the west bound train only the engine crew were killed. Re lief trains were dispatched from Knox ville within an hour, and all the physi cians in the vicinity of the wreck were doing all they could when the local corps arrived. Later. The death list, as a result of the fearful wreck on the Southern railway near Newmarket, Saturday, has grown to 62, and it probably will exceed 70. THREE MEN ARE DROWNED. Sailboat Upsets in the Royal Roads Near Victoria. ' Victoria, B. C.—The captain of the British ship Blytheswood .now in Royal Roads awaiting charter, took a party of seven friends with him for a sailing cruise in one of the ship's boats. She upset off Albert head in a squall and three or four of the party were drown ed, including the sergeant major of the marines of H. M. S. Grafton and the second mate of the Blytheswood. How to Get Irrigation Land. People desiring to take up land or to make homes under any of the nu merous irrigation projects that are un dertaken by the government will find the requirements for securing patents to the land much more rigid than any of the former land grants made by the government. The reclamation act is designed to circumvent any land grabbing schemes, and requires actual residence upon the land for five years. The law will be thoroughly discussed at the irrigation convention held in Spokane October 5 in Elks' temple. IBM IWB81811118 late news of the past week BRIEFLY TOLD. Choice Selections of Interesting Items Gathered From Exchanges—Cullings From Washington, Idaho, Montana and Oregon—Numerous Accidents and Personal Happenings Occur. IDAHO SQUIBBS. The Moscow opal mines are again to be opened and worked. A generous rain has put the roads in good shape for wheat hauling. The baseball season of Pacific Na tional ended with Boise the winner. About 300 teams are unloading wheat at the Nez Perce tramway ev ery day. There were seven men in attendance at the recent so-called populist state convention at Boise. A very profitable farmers' institute of five sessions closed at the Dudley schoolhouse last week. The new Nez Perce Catholic church is being completed and will be in use about the middle of October. A man posing as a cripple with one arm tied up, is visiting the small towns. The man is a fraud and a bilk. No word has yet been received of Fred Gfifeenwald, the well known hotel man who disappeared from Mullan a short time ago. Nez Perce is having a land boom. There are more land buyers in that vicinity than ever before in the his tory of the country. The recent Genesee school census shows 413 children of school age, 211 boys and 202 girls. This is an increase of 41 over a year ago. J. M. Wolfe of Seattle, who is in terested in a number of mining prop erties, contemplates putting up a can ning factory in Lewiston. L. V. Smith, who was jailed, charged with burglary, and who successfully effected his escape by sawing through the jail, has been captured at Mont pelier. The Northern Pacific is doing much towards improving the track and roadbed up the long Kendrick hill. Thirty men have been working two months and will continue till snow flies. Rufus Utt, the 3 year old son of R. W. Utt, was found dead by his mother a few rods from the house on Hatter creek, four miles east of Prince ton. A log rolled over and caught the child, crushing out his life. While several young boys were play ing with a rifle Sunday afternoon which they found in a cabin at Burke, the weapon was discharged, the bullet striking William Monroe, a 12 year old boy, in the groin. This shot may be fatal. Word comes from Ionia of the pe culiar death of James Stranger, the 6 year old son of Joseph Stranger. A rock thrown by the boy's elder brother struck him squarely in the temple, causing almost instant death. The throwing of the stone was wholly ac cidental. Members of the reform school board, accompanied by Governor Morrison, have returned to Boise from St. An thony, where they went to hold a meet ing. The board elected Professor Humphries of Eldora, Idaho, as super intendent of the school at a salary of $1200 and expenses. Hardly had the news of the death of their famous chief, Joseph, reached the Nez Perce on their reservation near Lewiston before letters and mes sengers were dispatched in all direc tions calling every Indian within hun dreds of miles of Lewiston to gather for a grand feast and war dance in memory of their departed leader and to select his successor. Five thousand Indians are expected to arrive during the next two or three weeks, at which time the ceremony will commence. These Indians will not only be Nez Perce, but invitations have been sent to the Spokanes, Coeur d'Alenes, Blackfoots, Yakimas, Flat heads and Umatillas. It will undoubt edly be the largest gathering of red men seen in Idaho since the war times of the early 70s. MONTANA NEWS. Vice President Nominee Fairbanks Passed his first night in Montana at Glendive. William J. Bryan will make a speak ing tour through Montana in the in terests of the democratic national tick et before the end of the campaign. Ten prisoners, among them some of the most desperate criminals ever confined in the Yellowstone county prison, made their escape from the jail at Billings and are still at large. One of the Parkinson brothers, who are known as the most notorious horse thieves in eastern Montana, was cap tured by the Crow Indian police at the agency. The report of train robber John Christie having led the offivers to a mountain cache, where several thous and dollars of the plunder taken from the North Coast Limited train at Bear mouth was secured by the officers, just prior to Christie's trial, proves un founded. The Big Blackfoot Milling company, one of the Amalgamated Copper com pany's lumbering interests, has given notice that it will contest the building of the proposed dam by a syndicate composed of eastern men headed by Samuel Dinsmore, in the Big Black foot river above Bonner. Mason Gudgell, son of Robert Gud gell, a well known pioneer of Lewis town, killed himself at his home. He shot himself through the head with a large caliber revolver while sitting on | his bed. Gudgell is believed to have taken his life while despondent be cause of ill luck. While the casket containing the body of the infant child of Mr. and Mrs. D. T. Sullivan of Butte was standing near an open window in their home the wind blew the lace curtain into the flames of several candles burning near the coffin. Before the Are could be extinguished the casket was badly scorched and the child's body also suf fered from contact with the flames. WASHINGTON NEWS. The Spokane river is now within 3.6 inches of its low water record. Although late, the run of black sal mon in Gray's harbor promises to be heavy. The first shipment of flour from Spo kane to Boston this year has left that city. ' ■ Up to date there have been about 350,000 bushels of wheat received at Harrington. The state of Washington in the year ending June 30, 1904, expended in the maintenance of schools the sum of $4, 158,447. Arthur Huston, aged 30, shot and killed himself in the presence of Mrs. R. M. Rose and her 10 year old son, at Tacoma last Saturday. Work has commenced on a ditch several miles long south of the Snake river near Pasco, which will irrigate about 6000 acres of choice land. Robert Neal, one of the pioneer fruitgrowers of the Columbia river fruit belt, has marketed 5000 boxes of peaches from his orchard this season. W. D. McHugh, a Spokane grocery man, was fined $5 recently for meas uring cranberries in a quart liquid measure instead of in a quart dry measure. The first arrest has been made for violating the new fire ordinance in Seattle, which provides that teams shall not stand within 30 feet of a fire hydrant. The program for the third annual meeting of the Washington State Fu neral Directors' association, to be held at North Yakima September 27, 28 and 29, has been issued. Twins were born recently to Mr. and Mrs. J. W. Provance of Chelan. The twin daughters weighed eight and one-half and six pounds. The papa of the twins is over 81 years old. Saturday was a record breaker for attendance at the Chelan county fair. Upwards of 2500 people visited the grounds. Many distinguished visitors were present from out of town points. The coroner's jury reached a verdict that Dominic Divaleria, victim of the recent shooting at Walla Walla, came to his death by a bullet from a revolver held by Joseph Pasquale, who has made his escape. Fire at Issaquah near Tacoma de stroyed the Issaquah Coal company's store, a saloon and six dwellings, caus ing damage estimated at $40,000. The fire started in the company's store, the destruction if which was threatened by the striking coal miners. The state board of equalization has fixed the rate of general state taxation at 2 y 2 mills. This is the same rate as that adopted for several successive years. The school tax rate is fixed by law at 5 mills and the military tax at one-tenth mill. The total state levy is therefore 7.6 mills. The Masonic Temple association has decided to lay the corner stone of the new Masonic temple on October 6. The corner stone will be laid by Most Wor shipful Grand Master E. H. Van Pat ten at a special communication of the grand lodge of Free and Accepted Ma sons of Washington. "Not guilty because of insanity," was the unanimous verdict which the jury at Spokane, after six hours' de liberations, returned, and it set Mrs. Jeannette Harris or North Yakima free from responsibility before the law for killing the illegitimate baby of her daughter Pearl on June 6 last. A rear end freight collision occurred about 12 o'clock Saturday night at Yakima city, in which D. W. Steele, a brakeman, was burned to death. The accident was caused by Clarence Shan no, engineer of the disabled engine, being unable to control his machine, which crashed into a local freight. Milas Shafer committed suicide in Vashon island, near Seattle, Sunday afternoon to put himself out of his misery, caused by an accidental gun shot wound. He was out hunting with two companions when both barrels of his shotgun were discharged, the charges entering his abdomen. While his companions rushed away after a physician he reloaded his gun and shot himself in the head. When his friends returned they found his dead body. OREGON ITEMS. Portland is crowded with grain buy ers. The state normal school at Ashland is crowded. Postmaster General Payne has dele gated Chief Clerk M. O. Chance to represent the postoffice department at the Lewis and Clark exposition, to be held in Portland, Ore. The exposi tion opens May 1, 1905. The British steamer Crusader, from Oregon for the far east, has been cap tured by the Japanese and taken to Hakodate. The cruiser sailed from Astoria September 2, for Shanghai with a cargo of lumber and lath. A meeting held at the office of Gov ernor Chambelrain in Portland closed the contracts that complete the right of way for the Celilo canal for the entire eight miles from Celilo, Ore., to Big Eddy, Ore. The final transaction was between the state portage board and Seufert Bros.. In which the latter transfer to the state about five and three-quarters miles of right of way. The price is not named. | JAPS CA PTURE MOR E FORTS PORT ARTHUR IS IN SERIOUS WAY FOR WATER. Chinese Place Japanese Losses for 3 Days' Fighting at 3000, Russians Claim It Was 3 Times as Many— No Blood Shed Near Mukden, Be ing Burial Ground Chinese Emperors Chefoo, Sept. 26.—As a result of the battle before Port Arthur, which be gan on September 19, the Japanese succeeded in capturing several im portant positions and today the Rus sian tenure of the big forts guard ing the norm, northeast and northwest sides of the town is seriously threat ened. Chinese information places the Jap anese losses under 3000 for the three days fighting, and this comparatively small casualty list is due to the ex cessive care used by the Japanese in making their preparations for the ad vance. Russian sources, however, claim to have information that the Jap anese losses were unusually severe, amounting to fully three times the number mentioned above. Possibly the most important capture during the three days' fighting was that of Fort Kuropatkin, which, while of minor value with regard to prevent ing the entrance into the town by the Japanese, had been constructed for the purpose of protecting the source of the garrison's water supply. The control of this water supply is now in the hands of the Japanese. Without interruption the Japanese are continuing their savage onslaught upon Port Arthur, and after fighting for hours amid a rain of shell they have succeeded in capturing six im portant forts. The assaults upon these strongholds were made with an utter disregard of life, and so soon as one company had been wiped out another was moved forward and thrown into the breach. The storming of these forts was be gun Monday last and on Tuesday night the attacked positions were in the hands of Japanese. The assaults upon the forts were made simultaneously. The Japanese batteries in the rear and warships in the harbor concentrating their fire upon the six positions and the infantry rushing up the hills with fixed bayonets. Tuesday evening a supplementary fort fell after a desper ate struggle. At Fort Esteshan the fury of both attack and defense beggars descrip tion. The Japanese attacked the fort from all sides, swarming up the hill over the dead and wounded and meet ing the defenders on the wall. There a combat such as history has very few parallels to tell of developed. Rifles and swords were thrown away, as the men were too near each other to use any but short weapons effectively, and hand to hand fighting began, lasting far into the night. The number of dead and wounded in this attack alone exceeds several thosand, many officers being among the killed on both sides. Both inside and outside the walls lay heaps of dead. The fighting did not cease until nearly all of the garrison were killed or placed out of the fight ing by being wounded. The massacre of Russians in Fort Esteshan is said to be the worst of the war. There was a letup in the firing on Friday, but on Saturday the assault was resumed. The booming of the heavy guns can be heard for miles distant from Port Arthur. The London Daily Mail's Chefoo correspondent says the Japanese are now devoting their energies to an at tempt to drive the Russian fleet from Port Arthur. The halt in active operations around Mukden is believed to be due not only to the fatigue of the Japanese troops and the slowness in getting up neces sary additional supplies, but to a dis tinct understanding between the Chin ese and Japanese that there shall be no bloodshed near the "holy city," where the Chinese emperors are bur ied. It is expected that there will be fighting north of Mukden, possibly on a larger scale even than at Liaoyang. JAPAN IN THE WAR TO WIN. Count Okuma Says Russia Can Not Wear Out His People. Tokio. —Count Okuma, formerly the prime minister of Japan, one of the ablest finance ministers of the country, now a prominent leader of the opposi tion, says he can see no reason to alter his opinion expressed in previous interviews. "Russia," he said, "will not be able to wear out Japan. Japan is less a manufacturing than an agri cultural country, and defeat would do little more than check its few in dustries. Even then there are many new fields of activity, especially abroad. "Exports have not been diminished, and on account of unusually abundant crops the importation of food has de creased. Hence the balance of trade is favorable. The annual saving ca pacity of the Japanese is about 300, 000,000 yen ($150,000,000). This is almost equal to the extraordinary 'fcrar expenses. It will not be difficult to raise domestic loans, as the people are deeply patriotic. "Japan is determined to win at what ever cost. It would undoubtedly be a good thing if the war could be stopped as soon as possible, but Japan will never discontinue it until it has real ized its ideals of permanent peace and an open door in the far east. "The Japanese are desirous of tread ing in the path of the Anglo-Saxon civilization."