I WORLD'S NEWS II
CULLED FROM DISPATCHES OF
THE ASSOCIATED PRESS.
A Review of Happenings in Both
Eastern and Western Hemispheres
During the Past Week—National,
Historical, Political and Personal
Events Tersely Told.
Actor Joseph Jefferson is not dying,
Archer Brown, a well known iron
merchant, is dead at his home in East
Orange, N. J., from heart disease.
Hardy B. Durham, a well known
horse owner and trainer, has dropped
dead at Sheepshead Bay race track.
The main building of the University
of Minnesota was destroyed by fire,
entailing a loss of $125,000, fully in
Carrie Nation has issued a long ap
peal to the mothers, wives and daught
ers of Kansas to join her in a cru
A. successful operation has been per
iormed upon Lady Curzon at London,
and it is announced that her condition
is grave, but that the outlook is more
St. Augustine's parochial school in
South Boston, a brick structure, was
burned recently. Several firemen were
injured when the roof fell. Loss es
timated at $150,000.
Three masked robbers broke in the
house of Mr. and Mrs. Thomas Gib
bons, residing near Bosburg, Pa., and
tortured the aged couple in an effort
to find hidden money.
The largest fire since 189!) occurred
at Dawson. The loss is estimated at
a quarter of a million dollars, with no
insurance. The fire originated in the
kitchen of the Cecil hotel.
The Stanford 'varsity football eleven
won the second preliminary game of
the season Saturday from the Pensa
cola naval cadets from Goat Island.
The final score was 34 to 0.
Eire has completely destroyed the
structural building at the Bethlehem
Steel works, in Pennsylvania, togeth
er wit-h the paint, car, carpenter and
pattern shops. Loss probably $2'!50,
Major Thomas R. Adams of the ar
tillery corps, United Stales army, and
assistant inspector of the department
of the Pacific, was struck by a San
Francisco street car and fatally in
A sad incident in connection with
the visit to Washington, D. C., of the
members of the interparliamentary
union was the death of Hector Van
doersaler, clerk of the house of depu
ties of Belgium.
The sovereign grand lodge of Odd
Fellows has completed the work of its
annual session by installing the officers
elected, with the exception of Grand
Sire R. E. Wright, who was installed
at his residence in Allentown, Pa.
Announcement of the winners of the
cash prize drills of cantons attending
the sovereign grand lodge. Indepen
dent Order of Odd Fellows, has been
made. The first prize of $1000 was
won by the Washington, D. C., can
The fruit crop in the Grand Forks,
B. C., valley this year is the best in
years. Potatoes are selling at 2 cents
per pound, and the price is expected
to reach 5 cents when the cold weath
er comes, as this crop is almost a total
At Cohn's printing establishment in
Cincinnati, while the men were going
to work, Harry Geoman was killed
and Louis Heintzelman and Charles
Snyder were seriously injured by the
elevator falling from the seventh floor
to the basement.
Having declared that he would not
live more than a year after the death
of his wife, Mary, who was murdered
for her money in her home by Louis
Pezant on September 1.8, 1903, Jolfn
Spilka of Chicago, on tlni first anni
versary of the murder committed sui
cide by strangling himself with a hand
The cruisers Olympia, Cleveland and
Des Moines of the United States Euro
pean squadron have arrived at Graves
end, England. The Olympia will re
main three weeks and the other two
cruisers two weeks, all the vessels
after their stay proceeding for the
Mediterranean to take part in maneu
J. T. Mitchell, the man arrested by
the San Francisco police Friday on
suspicion of having held up two clerks
of the Central Grain & Stock ex
change, has made a complete confes
sion. Two thousand dollars of the
$4400 has been recovered. Mitchell
says his accomplice has the remain
der of the stolen money.
A number of bishops from abroad
who will participate actively in the
proceedings in the triennial general
convention of the Episcopal church,
to be held in Boston October 5-26, have
arrived in the United States. The
greater number will attend the nation
al convention of the Brotherhood of
St. Andrew in Philadelphia the latter
part of the month before coming to
Among the estate left by the late
James Mack of Spokane was a fine
eight room modern house on a fine
lot 60x150 feet, opposite Spokane coun
ty court house, on Broadway. Lawn,
shade and fruit trees, cement walk. It
can be had for $4,200. Rents for $37
per month. Must be sold immediately.
Apply to John Mack, 01319 A Street,
SHOT DOWN LIKE DOGS.
Dastardly Deed of Thugs at Blackfoot,
Blackfoot, Idaho, Sept. 26.—As a
result of an attempt to hold up a Japa
nese section gang in the suburbs of
this place at the section house of tne
Oregon Short Line railroad, two per
sons were killed and a third so badly
shot that he will die. The dead are:
Deputy Sheriff E. P. Sweet.
Section Foreman Fitzgerald.
A desperately wounded third person
is one of the holdups, an unknown
The deputy sheriff was summoned
from his office to apprehend two ho
boes who were attempting to holdup
the Japanese section men. Sweet, ac
companied by Fitzgerald, approached
the section house, when one of the
desperadoes, with a revolver in his
hand, beckoned Sweet to enter. As
the deputy crossed the threshold the
holdup ured at close proximity, strik
ing the deputy in the forehead. He
fell forward on his face into the house,
the wound proving fatal within an
hour. The holdup then sprang over
the prostrate body of the deputy, and,
with an oath, started after Fitzgerald,
who ran for the adjoining section house
a short distance away, which he reach
ed and locked the door behind him.
After firing two shots through the
door, the holdup broke the door down,
and, cornering Fitzgerald, shot him
three times, emptying his gun, after
which he beat him into insensibility
wun the gun. He then sprang through
a window and started up the railroad
track toward the town.
A number of citizens, attracted by
the fusilade, armed with guns, sur
rounded the holdup. Taking refuge
behind cars and other obstructions,
they opened fire on the desperado, who
returned the fire, shooting at every
body in sight. Finally Deputy Sheriff
Kinney, with a shotgun loaded with
buckshot, brought the holdup to earth.
During the melee the holdup's two
EX-SPEAKER HENDERSON ILL.
His Mind Is Affected—Caused by a
Des Moines, la.—Residents of this
state have learned with great sorrow
that Colonel David B. Henderson, who
retired from congress and the speak
ership of the house two years ago, has
suffered so greatly from ill health and
pain of his old army wound that his
mind has become affected and his
memory has utterly failed him. He
will live the remainder of his years
in retirement with his daughter. It
is given out at liis home that he is
unable to travel, and his mind has
shown such loss of strength that he
can never hope to appear in public
When he retired two years ago there
was much mystery as to why he with
drew. He had attended a conference
of leading politicians in this city and
announced he would defend the plat
form adopted by the Iowa republicans.
After he returned home he wrote a
declination of his congressional nomi
nation, basing his reason entirely on
the statement he could not stand on
the platform which he had indorsed.
His friends then felt that the incident
marked a failure of mind and this is
C. P. R. SHOPMEN STRIKE.
Seven Hundred Employes Lay Down
Winnipeg, Man.—The demand of the
allied mechanical trades employed on
the Canadian Pacific railway for an in
crease in wages culminated Saturday
in a strike, when about 700 working
men in the Winipeg shops laid down
Men at Fort William and at other
points also walked out.
The men say they are asking for
pay equal to the schedule that pre
vails on the Northern Pacific and oth
er western roads south of the interna
tional boundary. This means an in
crease of from 3 to 5 cents per hour
over that which they have received.
An official of the company interview
ed said it was the intention to fight
the strike and a long struggle appears
Orloff Is Dismissed From Army.
St. Petersburg.—Major General Or
loff, who has been held responsible
for the retreat of the Russian forces
from l.iaoyang, has been dismissed
from the army. The action was taken
in accordance with a decision of Gen
The rumor that General Stakelberg
was included in the disgrace of Major
General Orloff is not true. General
Kuropatkin amended his original re
port, in which he criticized General
Stakelberg, and now exonerates the
latter from all blame for the Russian
reverse at Yentai, adding that General
Stakelberg displayed the greatest
It is rumored that General Grippen
berg, commanding the troops at Vilna,
has been selected to command the sec
onu Manchurian army in place of Lieu
tenant General Linevich.
General Funston Goes East.
Brigadier General Frederick D. Fun
ston, accompanied by Mrs. Funston
and their sons, has left for Chicago,
where General Funston will assume
command of the department of the
lakes. Brigadier General Constant Wil
liams, who succeeded General Fun
ston in command of the department of
the Columbia, will reach Portland
September 27. It is expected that he
will remain in this city a few days
before proceeding to his headquarters.
Vancouver barracks, Washington. Gen
eral Williams will be accompanied by
his wife and daughter.
HEAD ON COLLISION OF PASSEN
GER TRAINS IN TENNESSEE.
Over 150 Persons Injured, Several of
Whom Will Probably Die—Orders
Had Been Disregarded—The Trains
Come Together on Curve in Broad
Daylight, Running 35 Miles an Hour.
Knoxville, Tenn..—Running on a
roadbed in a supposedly high condi
tion of maintenance and having about
them every safeguard known to a
modern railroad, two trains on the
Southern railway, carrying heavy lists
of passengers, came together in a
frightful head end collision near Hod
ges, Tenn., sending 54 people to death
and injuring 120, several of whom will
Some of the bodies have not yet
been recovered and many remain un
The Known Dead.
Ralph Mountcastle, Knoxville; W. A.
Galbraith, Knoxville; Monroe Ash
more, age 19, Knoxville; John Black,
White Pine, Tenn.; James King, Knox
ville; two children of James King,
Knoxville; William Kane, Knoxville,
engineer of westbound train; Richard
Parrott, Knoxville, engineer on east
bound train; James Mills, colored, New
Market, Tenn.; Roscoe King, New
Market, Tenn.; E. G. Ernest, Johnson
City, Tenn.; G. W. Brown, Dandridge,
Tenu.; R, B. Goodwin, Jefferson City,
renn.; J. D. Bird. Jefferson City,
Tenn.; William Jones, son of James
Jones, South Knoxville, Tenn.; Mrs.
R. B. West, Grainger county, Tenn.;
J. B. Gass, Dandridge, Tenn.; Mrs. J.
B. Gass, Dandridge, Tenn.; Miss Gass;
eight Italian immigrants, names un
known; John T. Connor, Knoxville;
Mrs. John Pionner, Knoxville, and
daughter; Clayton Heiskell, Cincin
nati; Mrs. Mary Phelps, residence un
known; J. H. Stevens, Dandridge; a
young man, envelope in pocket bear
ing name of "J. W. Daly, Greensburg,
Ind.;" Miss Nannie Murray, Newport,
Tenn.; Mrs. W. O. Hadden, Knoxville;
William Brewer, Knoxville; Mary Eth
el Shipp; J. M. Adkins, Jellico, Tenn.;
John Mollineaux, Glenmary, Tenn.;
Rev. Isaac Emory, Knoxville; J. King.
Newport, Tenn.; Dr. D. A. Fox, Nash
ville. Miss Hatilow, Birmingham, Ala,;
Mrs. Kinzell, Knoxville; Mrs. McEwen.
Knoxville; John Black, White Fine,
Tenn.; Julia W. Haddox, Dandridge,
Disobedience of Orders.
This appalling loss of life and maim
ing of the living resulted apparently
from the disregarding of orders given
to the two trains to meet at a station
which has for a long time been their
regular meeting point. Tills action on
the part of the engineer of the west
bound train is made more inexplicable
by the fact that the accident happened
in broad daylight and, according to the
best information obtainable, he had
the order in a little frame in front of
him as his engine rushed by the sta
tion, and a mile and a half further on
came full upon an east bound passen
ger train. The possibility exists that
the ill fated engineer may have been
The trans were on time and not
making over 35 miles an hour, yet the
impact as they rounded a curve and
came suddenly upon each other was
frightful. Both engines and the major
portions of both trains were demol
ished, and why the orders were disre
garded or misinterpreted will probab
ly never be known, as the engineers of
the two trains were crushed, their bod
ies remaining for hours under the
wreckage of their locomotives.
The collision was between east
bound passenger No. 12 and west
bound passenger No. 15 from Bristol.
No. 12 was a heavy train, carrying
three Pullmans, two day coaches and
mail and baggage cars. No. 15 was
a light local train. The greatest loss
of life occurred in the east bound
train, while in the west bound train
only the engine crew were killed. Re
lief trains were dispatched from Knox
ville within an hour, and all the physi
cians in the vicinity of the wreck were
doing all they could when the local
The death list, as a result of the
fearful wreck on the Southern railway
near Newmarket, Saturday, has grown
to 62, and it probably will exceed 70.
THREE MEN ARE DROWNED.
Sailboat Upsets in the Royal Roads
Near Victoria. '
Victoria, B. C.—The captain of the
British ship Blytheswood .now in Royal
Roads awaiting charter, took a party
of seven friends with him for a sailing
cruise in one of the ship's boats. She
upset off Albert head in a squall and
three or four of the party were drown
ed, including the sergeant major of
the marines of H. M. S. Grafton and
the second mate of the Blytheswood.
How to Get Irrigation Land.
People desiring to take up land or
to make homes under any of the nu
merous irrigation projects that are un
dertaken by the government will find
the requirements for securing patents
to the land much more rigid than any
of the former land grants made by
the government. The reclamation act
is designed to circumvent any land
grabbing schemes, and requires actual
residence upon the land for five years.
The law will be thoroughly discussed
at the irrigation convention held in
Spokane October 5 in Elks' temple.
late news of the past week
Choice Selections of Interesting Items
Gathered From Exchanges—Cullings
From Washington, Idaho, Montana
and Oregon—Numerous Accidents
and Personal Happenings Occur.
The Moscow opal mines are again
to be opened and worked.
A generous rain has put the roads in
good shape for wheat hauling.
The baseball season of Pacific Na
tional ended with Boise the winner.
About 300 teams are unloading
wheat at the Nez Perce tramway ev
There were seven men in attendance
at the recent so-called populist state
convention at Boise.
A very profitable farmers' institute
of five sessions closed at the Dudley
schoolhouse last week.
The new Nez Perce Catholic church
is being completed and will be in use
about the middle of October.
A man posing as a cripple with one
arm tied up, is visiting the small
towns. The man is a fraud and a bilk.
No word has yet been received of
Fred Gfifeenwald, the well known hotel
man who disappeared from Mullan a
short time ago.
Nez Perce is having a land boom.
There are more land buyers in that
vicinity than ever before in the his
tory of the country.
The recent Genesee school census
shows 413 children of school age, 211
boys and 202 girls. This is an increase
of 41 over a year ago.
J. M. Wolfe of Seattle, who is in
terested in a number of mining prop
erties, contemplates putting up a can
ning factory in Lewiston.
L. V. Smith, who was jailed, charged
with burglary, and who successfully
effected his escape by sawing through
the jail, has been captured at Mont
The Northern Pacific is doing much
towards improving the track and
roadbed up the long Kendrick hill.
Thirty men have been working two
months and will continue till snow
Rufus Utt, the 3 year old son of
R. W. Utt, was found dead by his
mother a few rods from the house on
Hatter creek, four miles east of Prince
ton. A log rolled over and caught the
child, crushing out his life.
While several young boys were play
ing with a rifle Sunday afternoon
which they found in a cabin at Burke,
the weapon was discharged, the bullet
striking William Monroe, a 12 year old
boy, in the groin. This shot may be
Word comes from Ionia of the pe
culiar death of James Stranger, the
6 year old son of Joseph Stranger. A
rock thrown by the boy's elder brother
struck him squarely in the temple,
causing almost instant death. The
throwing of the stone was wholly ac
Members of the reform school board,
accompanied by Governor Morrison,
have returned to Boise from St. An
thony, where they went to hold a meet
ing. The board elected Professor
Humphries of Eldora, Idaho, as super
intendent of the school at a salary
of $1200 and expenses.
Hardly had the news of the death
of their famous chief, Joseph, reached
the Nez Perce on their reservation
near Lewiston before letters and mes
sengers were dispatched in all direc
tions calling every Indian within hun
dreds of miles of Lewiston to gather
for a grand feast and war dance in
memory of their departed leader and
to select his successor.
Five thousand Indians are expected
to arrive during the next two or three
weeks, at which time the ceremony
will commence. These Indians will
not only be Nez Perce, but invitations
have been sent to the Spokanes, Coeur
d'Alenes, Blackfoots, Yakimas, Flat
heads and Umatillas. It will undoubt
edly be the largest gathering of red
men seen in Idaho since the war times
of the early 70s.
Vice President Nominee Fairbanks
Passed his first night in Montana at
William J. Bryan will make a speak
ing tour through Montana in the in
terests of the democratic national tick
et before the end of the campaign.
Ten prisoners, among them some
of the most desperate criminals ever
confined in the Yellowstone county
prison, made their escape from the
jail at Billings and are still at large.
One of the Parkinson brothers, who
are known as the most notorious horse
thieves in eastern Montana, was cap
tured by the Crow Indian police at the
The report of train robber John
Christie having led the offivers to a
mountain cache, where several thous
and dollars of the plunder taken from
the North Coast Limited train at Bear
mouth was secured by the officers, just
prior to Christie's trial, proves un
The Big Blackfoot Milling company,
one of the Amalgamated Copper com
pany's lumbering interests, has given
notice that it will contest the building
of the proposed dam by a syndicate
composed of eastern men headed by
Samuel Dinsmore, in the Big Black
foot river above Bonner.
Mason Gudgell, son of Robert Gud
gell, a well known pioneer of Lewis
town, killed himself at his home. He
shot himself through the head with a
large caliber revolver while sitting on |
his bed. Gudgell is believed to have
taken his life while despondent be
cause of ill luck.
While the casket containing the body
of the infant child of Mr. and Mrs. D.
T. Sullivan of Butte was standing near
an open window in their home the
wind blew the lace curtain into the
flames of several candles burning near
the coffin. Before the Are could be
extinguished the casket was badly
scorched and the child's body also suf
fered from contact with the flames.
The Spokane river is now within 3.6
inches of its low water record.
Although late, the run of black sal
mon in Gray's harbor promises to be
The first shipment of flour from Spo
kane to Boston this year has left that
city. ' ■
Up to date there have been about
350,000 bushels of wheat received at
The state of Washington in the year
ending June 30, 1904, expended in the
maintenance of schools the sum of $4,
Arthur Huston, aged 30, shot and
killed himself in the presence of Mrs.
R. M. Rose and her 10 year old son,
at Tacoma last Saturday.
Work has commenced on a ditch
several miles long south of the Snake
river near Pasco, which will irrigate
about 6000 acres of choice land.
Robert Neal, one of the pioneer
fruitgrowers of the Columbia river
fruit belt, has marketed 5000 boxes of
peaches from his orchard this season.
W. D. McHugh, a Spokane grocery
man, was fined $5 recently for meas
uring cranberries in a quart liquid
measure instead of in a quart dry
The first arrest has been made for
violating the new fire ordinance in
Seattle, which provides that teams
shall not stand within 30 feet of a fire
The program for the third annual
meeting of the Washington State Fu
neral Directors' association, to be held
at North Yakima September 27, 28
and 29, has been issued.
Twins were born recently to Mr.
and Mrs. J. W. Provance of Chelan.
The twin daughters weighed eight and
one-half and six pounds. The papa of
the twins is over 81 years old.
Saturday was a record breaker for
attendance at the Chelan county fair.
Upwards of 2500 people visited the
grounds. Many distinguished visitors
were present from out of town points.
The coroner's jury reached a verdict
that Dominic Divaleria, victim of the
recent shooting at Walla Walla, came
to his death by a bullet from a revolver
held by Joseph Pasquale, who has
made his escape.
Fire at Issaquah near Tacoma de
stroyed the Issaquah Coal company's
store, a saloon and six dwellings, caus
ing damage estimated at $40,000. The
fire started in the company's store, the
destruction if which was threatened
by the striking coal miners.
The state board of equalization has
fixed the rate of general state taxation
at 2 y 2 mills. This is the same rate as
that adopted for several successive
years. The school tax rate is fixed by
law at 5 mills and the military tax at
one-tenth mill. The total state levy is
therefore 7.6 mills.
The Masonic Temple association has
decided to lay the corner stone of the
new Masonic temple on October 6. The
corner stone will be laid by Most Wor
shipful Grand Master E. H. Van Pat
ten at a special communication of the
grand lodge of Free and Accepted Ma
sons of Washington.
"Not guilty because of insanity,"
was the unanimous verdict which the
jury at Spokane, after six hours' de
liberations, returned, and it set Mrs.
Jeannette Harris or North Yakima free
from responsibility before the law for
killing the illegitimate baby of her
daughter Pearl on June 6 last.
A rear end freight collision occurred
about 12 o'clock Saturday night at
Yakima city, in which D. W. Steele, a
brakeman, was burned to death. The
accident was caused by Clarence Shan
no, engineer of the disabled engine,
being unable to control his machine,
which crashed into a local freight.
Milas Shafer committed suicide in
Vashon island, near Seattle, Sunday
afternoon to put himself out of his
misery, caused by an accidental gun
shot wound. He was out hunting with
two companions when both barrels of
his shotgun were discharged, the
charges entering his abdomen. While
his companions rushed away after a
physician he reloaded his gun and shot
himself in the head. When his friends
returned they found his dead body.
Portland is crowded with grain buy
The state normal school at Ashland
Postmaster General Payne has dele
gated Chief Clerk M. O. Chance to
represent the postoffice department at
the Lewis and Clark exposition, to be
held in Portland, Ore. The exposi
tion opens May 1, 1905.
The British steamer Crusader, from
Oregon for the far east, has been cap
tured by the Japanese and taken to
Hakodate. The cruiser sailed from
Astoria September 2, for Shanghai
with a cargo of lumber and lath.
A meeting held at the office of Gov
ernor Chambelrain in Portland closed
the contracts that complete the right
of way for the Celilo canal for the
entire eight miles from Celilo, Ore., to
Big Eddy, Ore. The final transaction
was between the state portage board
and Seufert Bros.. In which the latter
transfer to the state about five and
three-quarters miles of right of way.
The price is not named.
JAPS CA PTURE MOR E FORTS
PORT ARTHUR IS IN SERIOUS
WAY FOR WATER.
Chinese Place Japanese Losses for 3
Days' Fighting at 3000, Russians
Claim It Was 3 Times as Many—
No Blood Shed Near Mukden, Be
ing Burial Ground Chinese Emperors
Chefoo, Sept. 26.—As a result of the
battle before Port Arthur, which be
gan on September 19, the Japanese
succeeded in capturing several im
portant positions and today the Rus
sian tenure of the big forts guard
ing the norm, northeast and northwest
sides of the town is seriously threat
Chinese information places the Jap
anese losses under 3000 for the three
days fighting, and this comparatively
small casualty list is due to the ex
cessive care used by the Japanese in
making their preparations for the ad
vance. Russian sources, however,
claim to have information that the Jap
anese losses were unusually severe,
amounting to fully three times the
number mentioned above.
Possibly the most important capture
during the three days' fighting was
that of Fort Kuropatkin, which, while
of minor value with regard to prevent
ing the entrance into the town by the
Japanese, had been constructed for the
purpose of protecting the source of the
garrison's water supply. The control
of this water supply is now in the
hands of the Japanese.
Without interruption the Japanese
are continuing their savage onslaught
upon Port Arthur, and after fighting
for hours amid a rain of shell they
have succeeded in capturing six im
portant forts. The assaults upon
these strongholds were made with an
utter disregard of life, and so soon
as one company had been wiped out
another was moved forward and
thrown into the breach.
The storming of these forts was be
gun Monday last and on Tuesday night
the attacked positions were in the
hands of Japanese. The assaults upon
the forts were made simultaneously.
The Japanese batteries in the rear and
warships in the harbor concentrating
their fire upon the six positions and
the infantry rushing up the hills with
fixed bayonets. Tuesday evening a
supplementary fort fell after a desper
At Fort Esteshan the fury of both
attack and defense beggars descrip
tion. The Japanese attacked the fort
from all sides, swarming up the hill
over the dead and wounded and meet
ing the defenders on the wall. There
a combat such as history has very few
parallels to tell of developed. Rifles
and swords were thrown away, as the
men were too near each other to use
any but short weapons effectively, and
hand to hand fighting began, lasting
far into the night. The number of
dead and wounded in this attack alone
exceeds several thosand, many officers
being among the killed on both sides.
Both inside and outside the walls lay
heaps of dead. The fighting did not
cease until nearly all of the garrison
were killed or placed out of the fight
ing by being wounded. The massacre
of Russians in Fort Esteshan is said
to be the worst of the war. There was
a letup in the firing on Friday, but on
Saturday the assault was resumed.
The booming of the heavy guns can
be heard for miles distant from Port
The London Daily Mail's Chefoo
correspondent says the Japanese are
now devoting their energies to an at
tempt to drive the Russian fleet from
The halt in active operations around
Mukden is believed to be due not only
to the fatigue of the Japanese troops
and the slowness in getting up neces
sary additional supplies, but to a dis
tinct understanding between the Chin
ese and Japanese that there shall be
no bloodshed near the "holy city,"
where the Chinese emperors are bur
ied. It is expected that there will be
fighting north of Mukden, possibly on
a larger scale even than at Liaoyang.
JAPAN IN THE WAR TO WIN.
Count Okuma Says Russia Can Not
Wear Out His People.
Tokio. —Count Okuma, formerly the
prime minister of Japan, one of the
ablest finance ministers of the country,
now a prominent leader of the opposi
tion, says he can see no reason to
alter his opinion expressed in previous
interviews. "Russia," he said, "will
not be able to wear out Japan. Japan
is less a manufacturing than an agri
cultural country, and defeat would
do little more than check its few in
dustries. Even then there are many
new fields of activity, especially
"Exports have not been diminished,
and on account of unusually abundant
crops the importation of food has de
creased. Hence the balance of trade
is favorable. The annual saving ca
pacity of the Japanese is about 300,
000,000 yen ($150,000,000). This is
almost equal to the extraordinary 'fcrar
expenses. It will not be difficult to
raise domestic loans, as the people are
"Japan is determined to win at what
ever cost. It would undoubtedly be a
good thing if the war could be stopped
as soon as possible, but Japan will
never discontinue it until it has real
ized its ideals of permanent peace and
an open door in the far east.
"The Japanese are desirous of tread
ing in the path of the Anglo-Saxon
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