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ARMY REORGANIZES JAPS HAVE STOPPED THEIR PUR SUIT OF KUROPATKIN. After Their Battle Line Is Formulated and Men Rested Up an Attack Is Ex pected on Russian's Position at Tie Pass—Weather Conditions Aided Japanese in Battle Before Mukden, Tie Pass, March 14.—The Japanese, it is reported, have ceased their pur suit, at least temporarily. Some of ihe Japanese are 25 miles below Tie Pass. A resumption of their advance is expected. Rumors are in circulation tliat the Japanese are already attempt ing another turning movement, ine troops are being sorted out and or ganizations reformed and assigned to places to defend the new positions, but whether Tie Pass will lie held or aban doned probably will not be decided for several days. It is still too early to tell the extent of the Russian defeat, because not all the parts of' the army have been as sembled, and the losses during the re treat are no small portion of the cas ualties. Up to the time of the begin ning of the retreat it is probable the Japanese losses were heavier than those of the Russians, and at the time the Japanese broke through Fit pass the Russians appeared to be holding their own and even gaining a lit tie. Preparations were then being made to launch a counter stroke. The Jap anese success was largely aided by the weather conditions, which enabled them to approach unobserved, but it was chiefly due to the failure of some of the organizations of the left flaniv in the retirement from the Shakhe river to occupy the positions marked out for them. The Japanese quickly discover ed the intervals, scouting columns hav ing followed the retreat closely. CZAR'S COSTLY HOUSEKEEPING. Most Extravagant in All Europe. Ev erybedy Gets Rich. The most extravagant housekeeping in Europe is that practiced at tlie czar's court. The sums spent in eat ing, drinking and for servants are sim ply colossal. The kitchen is French in alKits details. The kitchen, pantry and housekeep ing arrangements are all under the charge of the court marshal, Count Benkenhoff, but the real general in command is a court "forager,'' as he is called, once a chef, now an official with the rank of colonel, with a court uni form, a cocked hat, spurs, sword, etc., while his breast is decorated with stars andf orders. This awe inspiring indi vidual must take a special oath of alle giance and fidelity, in view of the risk that he might otherwise arrange for poisoning his imperial master. In this man's chancery there are 12 secreta ries and four under foragers, 24 upper lackeys, 34 lackeys, 18 under lackéys and 5-1 lackey assistants. At the head of the kitchen are two chefs, each with a salary of a cabinet minister, besides perquisites. They are both Frenchmen. They in turn are assisted by four un der chefs, 38 ordinary male cooks, 20 apprentices and 32 kitchen boys. A department in itself is the pastry cook's, presided over by a chief baker and two dozen assistants. And yet the czar eats the simplest food, preferring above all else native Russian soups like bersch and stochi. The cellars are bursting with 25.000 dozen of wine of all sorts. The czar himself takes a glass of claret and a nip of champagne —not more. Fabulous sums are spent on rare fruit at seasons when they can only be forced. A ruble (50 cents) each for strawberries is not uncom mon. nor is 25 rubles for a peach.— Cleveland Plain Dealer. MABEL SPANG IN BRUSSELS. Young Woman Believed to Be Object of Great Mystery. Mabel Spang, daughter of Charles H. Spang, a wealthy manufacturer of Pittsburg, Pa., who was remanded to a private asylum in Yonkers, January 19. by order of Supreme Court Judge Marean. has been released and is now said to be in Brussels. The entire af fair remains a mystery. Railroads Taxed. The Texas legislature has passed a bill levying a 114 per cent tax on the gross earnings of all the railroads op erating in the state. The legislation is also dealing with a stringent anti pass bill, against which numerous pro tests have been filed. Common car riers are also considered in the Gra ham bill making conductors of passen ger trains peace officers with authority to arrest disorderly passengers. A sub-committee has been intrusted with a hill requiring railroads to maintain switch lights between sunset and sun rise at all spurs of the main line. Cost Uncle Sam Millions. Judge Wheeler, in the United States circuit court has handed down an opin ion. which, if finally sustained, will cost the United States government $5, 000,000. This money, the government will have to refund to the American Sugar Refining company for duties paid on raw sugar imported from Cuba in 1903 and upon which the com pany contended that a reduction of 20 per cent should have been allowed un der the then existing treaty. The United States will appeal the case. Clever imitations are more accepta ble than originalities. TWO GIGANTIC ARMIES FIGHTING. A Million Men Engaged in the Battle of Mukden. It was announced last week that fully 1,000,000 men were engaged in the bloody conflict near Mukden. This estimate is probably 25 p^r cent too large. The aggregate of combatants and noncombatants may have been a million, but the number of men actually engaged in fighting was con siderably below that figure. It was announced several weeks ago, from a reasonably reliable source that enough reinforcements had been sent to General Kuropatkin since the bat tles of Liaoyang and the Shahke to place* the effective strength of the Rus sians at about 450,000 men. This agrees approximately with more recent dis patches, which placed Kuropatkin's ar my at a little more than 400,000 men, comprising 33.000 cavalry, 35,000 artil lery and 335,000 infantry. These figures make no allowance for death, wounds or disability as the result of sickness. It is a well known fact that more men in an army die or are disabled from disease during a campaign than are killed or disabled by the fire of the enemy. The list of invalids is always large, and if the dead, wounded, physically unfit and those engaged in menial capacities were eliminated from Kuropatkin's to tal fighting force it would probably be found that he has had not more than 350.000 effective soldiers. At the close of the fighting last fall it was estimated that Field Marshal Oyania had 275,000 regular soldiers. Since then it is believed that he has been reinforced by 75,000 reserves. By the fall of Port Arthur it is said that 100.000 men under General Nogi were released, and that after detaching 30 , 000 for garrison purposes, 70,000 were sent to Oyama. This would give the Japanese commander 420,uuO men, without making allowance for death, wounds or disease. Obviously, such an allowance should be made, but there has been no such mortality among the Japanese during inaction as among the Russians, and it would be safe to put the Japanese fighting strength at from 25,000 to 50,000 greater than that of the Russians dur ing the last teriflic conflict. WILL NOT SUGGEST PEACE. Takahira Says Initiative Cannot Be Looked for From Japan. Washington, D. C.—With Mukden as his new base. Marshal Oyama has de termined to push northward in the direction of Harbin with a large part of his army, in the effort to follow up his recent victory as rapidly as pos j sible and accomplish his one great pur i pose of administering a really crush ing defeat to General Kuropatkin. This i is from an authoritative source, and i accurately sets forth the present pro gram of the Tokio war office. J After receiving several cablegrams telling of the victories of the Japanese around Mukden, M. Takahira, the Jap lanese minister, although the host at a I brilliant reception Friday night, was an early visitor at the state depart ;ment. where he had half an hour's conversation with Secretary Hay. As he was leaving the department, the minister was asked what effect, in his opinion, the battle of Mukden would have upon the ultimate issue of the war. i "For ns it, is but a chapter in the 'great conflict, though a most important one," the minister replied. "It is dif ficult for me to say how much the battle of Mukden will contribute to wards peace, for overtures of peace must necessarily come from the other side." j "Will your government suggest peace, in the light of Oyama's vic tory?" the minister was asked as he entered his carriage, i "The initiative, I repeat, can scarce ly be looked for from Tokio," he re plied. Utah Has Land Sharks. Salt Lake, Utah, March 15.—Spe cial agents of the federal government are reported to have been engaged for some time past in investigating pub lic land frauds in Utah. The Salt Lake Herald today states that hundreds of thousands of acres of valuable coal lands have been acquired by corpora tions by questionable methods, vast tracts of coal lands are said to have been med on and patented as agricul tural and grazing land and then trans ferred to the companies. Seizure of Yankee Vessel. New York, March 15.—-me steamer Saxonia Prince, which has been seized by the Japanese in the Tsu straits, left ; New York on December 11, sailing in the regular service of the American j and Oriental line. She cleared with a j cargo for Singapore and Shanghai. That portion of her cargo destined for ■ Shanghai was valued at *387.000, and j consisted of hardware, car material, 'street rails, machinery, copper, etc. The most valuable part of the cargo ( consisted of "domestics," valued at ' $538,000. The Prince line, limited, of New Cas tle, England, is the vessel's owner. j I Must Attend Warsaw Schools. Warsaw, March 14.—The authori ties today decided to order the schools to reopen and unless the boys return within a week expell them. It is ex . pected the majority will continue on I strike, and hence parents have appeal ! ed to the minister of education at St. , Petersburg to keep the schools closed until the situation is clearer. Traced by the impression of his teeth left in a half eaten apple in a house at Basle, Switzerland, a burglar confessed to breaking into the building. BATTLE AT TIE PASS IT IS STRONG POSITION FOR THE RUSSIAN ARMY. Czar's Soldiers Will Rally There and Endeavor to Stop Japanese Advance — Russian Forces in Demoralized Shape—Short of Food—Lost 100,000 Men in Battle of Mukden. Tokio. March 13.—The pursuit of the Russian armies continues and a re sumption of heavy fighting in the vi cinity of Tie Pass is anticipated. Tie Pass is naturally a strong position and it has been extensively fortified. It is thought that the Russians will rally there and endeavor to check the Jap anese who are rapidly advancing, me Japanese are already in touch with me Pass. The Russian forces are evidently confused and exhausted, and are pos sibly short of food and ammunition, and it is believed here they will be unable to resist a strong attack. Suc ceeding reports from the field increase the extent of the Russian disaster, and it is thought it will require months to resupply and reorganize the Russian armies. It is estimated that the Russian casualties and captives will reach forty per cent (probably 100,000) of the num ber engaged in the recent fighting. Their artillery losses are especially heavy. The guns captured have not vet been counted, but the numerous stores ami munitions of war captured are valued at millions of dollars. The Russian losses materially add to the crippling of their armies. Captures L.arge Column. Field Marshal Oyama says: "All our forces advanced to the right of the Hun river, and vigorously pur sued the enemy in all directions. Wfe reached a line 13 miles north of the Hun river the afternoon of March 10. On March 11 we continued a vigorous pursuit. Our forces advanced north from the vicinity of the Pu river, and immediately after its departure en gaged with a large column of the en emy retreating north. After a hand to hand battle we surrounded and cap tured the column. In the vicinity of Mukden a remnant of the enemy con tinues a hopeless resistance or is sur rendering. "Clearing operations are progress ing. The enemy's dead are massed everywhere and we have been unabie to inter them as yet. The minute in vestigation of the losses inflicted at several places lias not yet been finish ed: but the enemy's killed, wounded, spoils and prisoners are enormous. The spoils of clothing and provisions are in great piles, resembling hnls. We have been unable to investigate yet." The captives taken in the recent bat tle will make the total Russian prison Jers taken during the war, 75 , 000 , and the care of iliose prisoners is becoming 'a large and expensive problem for the j Japanese government. I Plans are being considered to estab lish military prisons on the islands of Jthe Inland sea. and to remove all the prisoners to them. Japs Capture 40,000 Men. The following report was received from Field Marshal Oyama: "The number of prisoners, spoils and the enemy's estimated casualties against all our forces in the direction of the Shakhe follow, but the number of prisoners, guns and spoils arc in creasing momentarily: "Prisoners, over 40,000, including General Nakhimoff. "Killed and wounded, estimated at 90,000. "Enemy's dead, left on the field, 26, 500. "Flags, two. "Guns, about sixty. "Rifles, 60.000. "Ammunition wagons, 150. "Shells, 200,000. "Small arm ammunition, 25,000,000 rounds. "Cereals, 15,000 koku (about 75,000 bushels). "Fodder, 55,000 koku. "Light railway outfit, 45 miles. "Horses, 2000. "Maiis, 23 cart loads. "Clothing and accoutrements, 1000 cart loads. "Bread. 1,000,000 rations. "Fuel, 70,000 tons. "Hay. 60 tons, besides tools, tents, bullocks, telephone, telegraph wire and poles, timber, beds, stoves and numerous other property. "No reports have been received from our forces in the direction of Singking." The battle is officially designated as the battle of Mukden. Big Storm in California. San Francisco, March 13.—A heavy wind and rain storm raged over Cal ifornia Sunday, causing some crippling of telegraph and telephone service. Los Angeles and Southern California are entirely cut off from communica tion with this city. The storm was general over the San Joaquin and Sac ramento valleys, and will be of con siderable benefit to agriculturists. The storm in this city was the worst of the season. Lose 300 Guns, 120,000 Men. It is reported in the military clubs of St. Petersburg that General Kuro patkin has lost 300 guns and about 60,000 prisoners, besides about the same number of killed and wounded. LATE NEWS ITEMS. The Bank of Lawton, Okla.. capital $10,000, controlled by McDuffie Bros., has closed its doors. The month of February in France has been prolific of strikes, of which there has been a total of 47, chiefly owing to demands of increased pay. Fred Sovine of Eel River township, Allen county, Indiana, has just fallen heir to an estate of $40,000, left by his brother, Augustus, of Buffalo, N. Y. Governor Sparks vetoed the bill pro hibiting the sale of liquor within five miles of any camp or place where gov ernment work is in progress in Ne vada. Five diamond rings, valued at $1000, were stolen from a fashionable board ing house recently in Seattle. The rings were the property of Mrs. Gene va H. Kimball, a prominent society woman. The whole territory of*-Arizona is covered with water as a result of the recent heavy rains and snows, and in many places the desert that has not known water for a decade is now a lake. More pure American art by Ameri can artists for America is the essence of the ideas held by Sir Caspar Clark, the newly appointed director of the Metropolitan Museum of Art at New York, of what is most needed in Amer ica. A semiofficial statement that Russia will make no peace overture has been issued from St. Petersburg. It puts an end to many rumors of late. The czar's ministers believe false reports are fathered by loan agents of Jap anese. The transfer of the French embassy from General Porter lo Mr. McCor mick will take place April 30. when, it is expected that most of the other European transfers will be made. Thereafter General Porter is to make a European tour. Admiral Rojestvensky's squardon is not returning to the Baltic sea. but is simply cruishing and awaiting the arrival of the third squadron under Admiral Nebogatoff. When this junc tion is made they will proceed immedi ately to the far east. At Denver Judge Booth M. Malone has sentenced Peter Miller and Mi chael Dowd, found guilty of stealing 318 ballots at the election in this city on November 8, last, and substituting others for them, to serve three to five years in the state penitentiary. The members of the river and har bor committee of the house of repre sentatives and their wives have sailed on the army transport Sumner for iPorto Rico on a tour of inspection. On their return the party will make brief stops at Santo Domingo and Cuba, ar riving at New Orleans April 1. One of the most exciting incidents which occurred in Zion City, near Chi cago, last week, has just come out. Deacon Daniel J. Sloan, one of the highest officials in Ihe town, is said to have entered a blacksmith shop and engaged in a dispute with Foreman Hamilton. The argument waxed furi ous until finally, it is asserted, the foreman picked up a sledge hammer and drove the deacon from the place. SNATCH BIRDS FROM HATS. If Women in Berlin Persist in Wear ing Them. The society of young men, some of them of position, called the Associa tion of Active Friends of Animals, has distributed pamphlets through Berlin in which they warn women against wearing birds in their hats. The pam phlets quote a resolution of the society whereby the members determine to ask any woman they meet with a bird in her hat to remove it. Should she refuse it is the members' duty to re move the bird, using such force as may be necessary. Legal penalties will, the resolution recites, be cheer fully paid by the society. AT SPOKANE— Wholesale Produce Prices. Potatoes, $l cwt ; onions, $3.25 cwt; cabbage, $firstname.lastname@example.org cwt; best apples, $1.75 box; common apples, 75@$1 box; sweet potatoes, 3c lb; oranges, $2.75@ 3 case. Wholesale Feed Prices. Bran, $19 ton; bran and shorts, $20 ton; oats, $1.40 ewl ; wheat, $1.40 cwt; chopped corn, $1.35 cwt; whole corn, $1.25 cwt; timothy hay, $14 ton; alfal fa hay. $12 ton; oil meal, $2 cwt; grain hay, $13 toil. Prices Paid to Producers. Vegetables and Fruits—Root vegeta bles, 75c cwt; potatoes, 75@80c cwt; apples, 5<)c@$l box; cabbage, $1.25® 1.50 ewt. Poultry and Eggs—Chickens, 10(f)) 12c lh live weight; Inf/12c dressed; ducks 12c lb live weight, 13c dressed; geese, 12c live weight, 18c dressed; turkeys, Ike lh live weight, 20c dressed; eggs, $email@example.com case. Live Stock—Steers, $3.75®4 cwt; sheep. $4.50®4.75 cwt; hogs, $5®5.50 cwt; veal, $9 cwt. Hay—Timothy. $13 ton; alfalfa, $11 ton; oats, $1.15® 1.20 cwt. Creamery Products, f. o. b. Spokane —First grade creamery butter fat, per lb, 3144c. Fell Five Stories and Lives. Charley Ruff, an 11 year old, went to sleep in his little trundle bed on the fifth floor of a tenement house in New York and at midnight woke up to find himself at the bottom of an air shaft suffering from bruises and cuts. The youngster, who is a somnambulist, had got up from his bed in his sleep, walk ed to and through a low silled window and had fallen five stories. Not one bone was broken. Crowds detract as well as attract. vvv & *ms <3 © v Retaining Manure Values. There is probably no better way of handling manure made in feeding cat tle loose in stables than to apply lit ter daily to absorb the liquids and keep the cattle clean and allow the manure to accumulate under the cat tle. It was once supposed that if manure was kept under cover its fertility would not be appreciably wasted. The Department of Agriculture finds that large losses may occur, though not to such an extent, of course, as from the open yard manure pile. The best way to keep manure seems to be to pack it into a solid mass, and exclude the air, in a somewhat sim ilar manner to the way silage is put lip. The department notes experiments where steer manure was kept in deep stalls under the feet of the animals for months, as against the method of cleaning the stall out daily and stor ing in a compact heap under cover, enough line cut litter being used each day to apparently ulisorb all the liquid manure. The deep stall manure was trampled to a very dark, compact mass and there was very little loss of the valuable fertilizing constituents— nitrogen, phosphoric acid and potash. With tlie manure kept in heaps one third of the nitrogen, one-fifth of the potash and one-seventh of the phos phoric acid was lost, tiie total money value of the losses being equivalent to $2.50 for each steer stabled for six months. Manure, it is stated, can ho kept almost perfectly, so far as the fer tilizer constituents are concerned, liy use of the "deep stall" system. Ex periments show, however, that nitro gen is lost very rapidly by such man ure, if it be allowed to lie after the removal of the stock, without such covering as will retain the moisture and exclude the air. The Modern Farm In Germany. Electricity for farming purposes has probably been developed more in Ger many than in any other country. A large number of German estates are now run almost entirely by it, the smaller ones being equipped usually in groups from a single power plant, as at Chottorf, while many of the large estates have their own private plants. A striking example of this latter class is the farm of Prof. Back haus, at Quednau, In the eastern part of Russia, which covers an area of 450 acres and has a dairy producing about 1,000 gallons of milk per day. The buildings are all lighted by Incandes cent lamps and the grounds, in places, by are lights. The current is supplied from a small central station contain ing a 50-horse power engine direct coupled to two generators, and a switchboard for tlie control of the various circuits, all parts of which are so simple and plainly marked that any farm hand can understand and operate it. In addition to the lighting, power is supplied for the pumping of water and the driving of saws, foed cutting machines, a threshing anil n grist mill, and an electric churn in the dairy. Besides these stationary power appliances there are a number of elec trically-driven agricultural machines for use In tlie fields, including an auto mobile plow, all of which are run by storage batteries and may be charged at conveniently sub-stations. To round out the completeness of the equipment the barns are heated by electricity and ventilated by motor-driven fans and all parts of the farm have tele phonic intercommunication.—Engineer ing Record. liens Katins Kgg». Egg-eating hens are a nuisance, and after many years of experience in poul try raising tlie writer feels that when his hens are discovered at the trick the best way of stopping It Is to kill the lien. If our birds were not well sup plied with limy substances, such as oyster shells and the like and all the grit they desire, we would furnish these before killing the hen. As a rule, the habit Is merely a habit, and is not due to any lack of a food ele ment except that of lime. Usually the egg-eating hen gets into the habit by eating an egg that has become accidentally broken; liking the taste, she acquires the habit, and once acquired it is almost impossible to break it. We have found it the better plan to have both grit and the lime material so placed that the hens may help themselves at will. Some hens require more of these than do other hens, so it is haAl to dole it out prop erly. It Is better to let them decide as to their needs whenever possible. Coal Aahea. One of the agricultural papers quotes an alleged analysis by the Massachu setts station giving 37 per cent phos phoric acid and 42 per cent potash in soft coal ashes. In order to prevent any misunderstanding, Professor Brooks herewith calls attention to the fact that a decimal point has been misplaced, the actual per cent being .37 of 1 per cent and .42 of 1 per cent respectively. Says rrof essor Brooks: "The fertilizing value of coal ashes, whether from hard or soft coal, is always very low, for not only are the proportions of plant food exceedingly small, but the compounds present are as well very insoluble." a Heaves in Horses. In mild and recent cases the heaves may often be cured entirely by turning the horse out to pasture for two or three months. If it is necessary, how ever, to work a horse affected with this trouble, he can be relieved greatly by feeding no hay except at night, and then only a small amount of clean and bright hay, entirely free from dust. If there is any danger of dust it Is well to dampen it, but only bright hay should he given. Roots will be found helpful; beets, turnips, potatoes or anything of that sort that the horse will eat. The amount of water should be limited ns much as possible, and no horse with heaves should be given water for one or two hours previous 1 to going to work. Dr. Law recom mends arsenic in five-grain doses daily,' and continued from a month to two months, as especially valuable, and says that the bowels must be kept easy, by laxatives if necessary. By treatment of this sort a heavey horse can he greatly relieved. When the disease first conies on it will pay to turn Ihe horse to grass, with the hope of effecting a cure at once and before tlie disease progresses to the extent where it becomes incurable.—Wal lace's Farmer. Exercise the Stallion. Stallions should be put to work and kept at work whenever not in active stud service and then they will be surer and have fewer returned mares to look after and can do a bigger bus!-, ness, says a correspondent of National Stockman. No stallion is too good to earn his oats behind a collar, and usu ally the more he earns there the more he is able to earn in . e stud. One reason for the vitality and endurance of our trotting horses is that the sires wore either raceil or trained or driven a good deal of the time. The same is true of some imported draft horses, the French horses especially, which are worked nt a year and half or two years old and as long as tlit* farmer lias them. The race of horses that Is not worked may possess size and weight, but it will not have the power, the nerve and the get there and stay at it ability that it needs to perforin hard work. Openings for Nut Culture. The United States Consul at Frank fort, Germany, calls attention to the increasing use of hazel-nuts in hotels and private houses. Owing to the large quantity imported, he suggests that farmers' children In tlie United States might supply themselves with pin money by growing hazel-nuts for the home and foreign markets. The domes tic chestnut is still a favorite, and at the opening of the season some times brings ns high ns $5 a bushel. There are, too, large quantities of hickory nuts, the boys' favorite; but ternuts, which are the favorites ot those who grew up in tlie country, and some other sorts, like black walnuts and bull nuts, which have their adher ents, and all are particularly desirable for food. Fence Rail Philosophy, Knowledge is valueless if ignored. The man that saves his time saves his money. A job that's worth doin' is always worth doin' about right. Vim and vigor are the vital forces in achieving success. The smallest event often becomes the greatest achievement. If every man saved his time as he saves his money he would have money. It's generally the afternoon farmer that goes into agony about hard times. To have a show in these days a man must be an accumulator. Failure establishes one thing—that your determination to succeed was weak. It's no use denying when you've been outdone—better acknowledge the corn. Broken Branches. When from accident, the effect of snow or ice, a large branch of a tree is broken, cut temporarily, leaving a foot or more to be cut again close to the trunk In the month of June, ad vises a Country Gentleman correspond ent. Hog Notes. Milk and bran make an excellent slop. A strong maternal appearance should be the first consideration in a brood sow. No sow carrying her young should be allowed to become constipated. The brood sow and the growing pig should not be fed as the fatten ing animal. A sow may often be kept as a profit-, able breeder until she is seven years old. Too early breeding weakens the ma terial forces of the sow, causing small and weak Utters. To obtain the best results a sow should be In good flesh and gaining* not overfed when bred.