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"EAST LYNNE" VILLAGE
GOES TO THE H IGHEST BIDDER Sf, tP SW à ,UBie n * «: no TK« rtfcnor Fkpm - % Kiogfoo church Abbcrtoo H*J1 East Lynne, 1hnt la to say the village which, under that name, is the scene of Mrs. Henry Wood's novel, "East Lynne," Is being sold. The whole village is to go to the highest bidder and whoever buys In the estate will find himself pos sessor of an English parish complete. There Is the village, manor farms, pasture lands and orchards. On the map of England, East Lynne figures as an obscure but very ancient Worchestershlre vil lage under the name Abbertou. It is Abberton, however, which contains the hall in which Lady Isabel had her youthful home, where she returned as the bride of Archibald Carlyle, whom she quitted in a fit of pique, only to return again, disguised as Madame Vine, to nurse her sick child and then to pass away after having confessed her folly and received her husband's forgiveness. Few popular novels, perhaps, have contained more glaring literary faults than "East Lynne," but few have ever equaled it in popularity. Mrs. Henry Wood wrote "East Lynne" in 1801, when it first appeared In "Colburn's New Monthly." As soon as it was completed, it was issued in book form. It went through edition after edition in Great Britain, was pirated vigorously in America and translated Into every known language, including Patrsee and Hindustani. One of the librarians in Madrid, years after, told the author's son that the most popular book on the shelves was "East Lynne." For forty years it has, as a play, had a successful run on the stage. Numerous ver sions of it were produced between 1861 and 1800, but from none of them did the author profit a cent. "East Lynne" has made more than $1,000,000 for others, and only fame for its author. The story is, from the modern point of view, defective in almost every thing which makes a novel a work of art; but it cannot be said to lack Incident or interest. Half of its popularity at the time of its publication was undoubtedly due to the reaction then setting in against inane and impossible goodness. It was a protest against the conventional hero, and on the stage it was one of the earliest of modern "problem" plays, before "problem" plays were recognized and labeled. It requires great good will to the author to believe that the heroine could return to her husband's house and remain there without the husband seeing through the transparent disguise of a pair of blue goggles. Modern criticism is apt to characterize Lady Isabel as a very silly woman and her husband us a very dense specimen of manhood. While Mrs. Henry Wood was not skillful In character drawing, she is said to have had In mind a former owner of Abberton Hall when she drew Mr. Carlyle. This gentleman restored the old church and was generally admired in the neighborhood for his uniform kindness and generosity. Abberton Is the modern spelling of the Ebriton of the Domesday Book, and it goes back to Saxon times, when its owners were the abbots of Per shore. In the reign of Edward L, the name was changed to Albreton, and In lf>24 all the manorial rights and patronage of the parish were granted to Thomas and Francis Sheldon by Henry VIII. Until late in the eighteenth century the Sheldons held the manor, but then the estate passed Into the hands of F. Laslet, who represented the borough of Worcester in Parliament for some years. The parish church of Abberton possesses many points of great historic interest. It is believed to have been a chapelry as early as the twelfth cen tury and is dedicated to St. Edburga, the salnly daughter of the Saxon King, Edward the Elder. From early childhood Edburga manifested deep religious feelings, and these culminated in her assuming the veil of a nun in later years. It is told of her that when one day her kingly father offered her glittering jewels and gold in one hand and a book of the Gospels and a cha lice in the other, she chose the latter. It was inevitable that such a pious woman should have miracles associated with her name, and many are re ported to have been wrought In remote times around her shrine at Fershore. The present church building is not the one In which Edburga worshiped. There have been two restorations, but some portions of the windows of the old church still remain, and there is a Norman font which Is well preserved, although credibly reported to be 800 years old. There are many magnificent tombs of the Sheldon family, both at Abber ton Church and at Beoly. Those at Abherton date from 1059 and are under the western tower of the church. The register of the church Is also full of curious antiquarian Interest, for It goes back to 1061 and has been carefully kept by a succession of rectors. The manor hall of Abberton is situated within easy distance of Birming ham, and the grounds march on the south side with the estate of the Duke of Orleans. It stands on nn emlnince surrounded by fine forest trees and commanding views of the Malvern Hills, the Lench Woods, the fertile and charming Vale of Evesham, and the Cotswold Hills. The hall Is a com modious building, and the most interesting relic of its early days Is a stone and brick Elizabethan chimney with the date 1619 carved on it. Flevel Manor, which is also situated In thé parish, was once the property of Guy de Beauchamp, Earl of Warwick, who, however, lost it in one of the social and political upheavals of his time. At the dissolution of the monas teries all the lands fell into the hands of Henry VIII., who parted with them to the Sheldons, and it was in this way that that old family came into pos session of the entire parish.—'Montreal Star. BIG COST OF MODERN NAVY. v\ - v >. rr ■f ,*V> ~ Z.S mos THE BATTLESHIP VERMONT. NOW BEING BUILT. While the struggle between Russia and Japan taught no new lesson of prime importance, in the opinion of naval architects, it emphasized the fact tbat the time is fast coming when only the richest nations can afford to go to war. In other words, war is destined to diminish if only on account of the very lack among the smaller nations of proper material wherewith to conduct it. The coming battleships, those now being designed in this country and In England, for example, will cost when complete, about $6,000,000. For the smaller nations a fleet of such enormously expensive engines of war is out of the question, and when the nations that can afford to build these fleets meet smaller nations in war, as the United States met Spain in 1898, then must come such one-sided battles as Manila and Santiago. The tendency in naval construction is to build heavier ships than have ever been seen, to make these ships as speedy as possible and to arm them with the heaviest guns. This tendency, It Is interesting to know, is not a result of the Russo-Japanese war. Though emphasized and advanced by the engagements that have taken place in Oriental waters, nevertheless, the ten dency antedates the war. It is to be seen in the battleship Vermont, which was recently launched at the Fore River yards at Quincy, and which has a displacement of 1 6,000 tons and will carry four twelve inch guns It la equally noticeable In the new British battleships of the King Edward class, which have a displacement of more than 16,000 tons and which carry four twelve-inch, four 9.2-lnch and ten slx-lnch guns. Solation. The 8outh Pole—-What use would we be if discovered? The North Pole—I suppose the presi dent might use me for a big stick.— Tom Watson's Magazine. Experience proves that when « guest at a party starts a timid knock on someone not present. Instead of getting rebuked, his tack hammer Is drowned In the noise of the sledgs hammers that follow. COPPER RISE BREAKS BROKERS Boston Firm, with 40 Branch Offices in New England, Fails. Boston.—The recent rise in copper stocks on the Boston stock exchange was an important cause to the sus pension of the stock brokerage firm of H. R. Leighton & Co., which as signed for the benefit of its creditors, Although the firm is not a memuer of any stock exchange, the assignment was adjudged of considerable import anee from the fact that the firm has some 40 branch offices all but three of them in New England cities and towns. The outside offices are at Montreal. Halifax, N. S.. and St. John. N. F. The assignee is Charles E. Al len, a lawyer of this city. The firm stated that the suspension was due to the failure of a member of the Boston stock exchange to meet his obligations to the company, and to outstanding in vestments—in coppers to a greater or less extent—upon which necessary money could not be realized. IDAHO BOYS TO ANNAPOLIS. Congressman French Makes Selection for Cadets. Congressman Burton L. French of Idaho recommended the appointment of the following cadets to the naval academy at Annapolis: Howard Kirk Lewis of Moscow, principal cadet: Asa Monroe Gainer of Boise, first al ferrate; Jay Jellick of Idaho Falls second alternate, and Wade Thomas Keene of Kendrick, third alternate. Examinations will be held at Mos cow and Boise in April. The success ful candidate will enter the naval aean emv in June and immediately go on a three months' cruise. If Lewis, who is nominated as principal cadet, fails and Gainer passes, the latter will be commission ed. If Gainer fails the other alter nates will be eligible in their order. Mrs. L. S. Hazeltine, a Butte wo man, lost $1388.50 in certificates of deposits she had placed in her stock ing for safe keeping. Sheep men of Umatilla, Ore., have protested against permission being granted Washington sheep owners to graze flocks in Oregon . Reports from Olympia say the O. R. & N. will oppose a joint wheat rate, claiming such rate would mean a loss of $500,000 a year in earnings. An unknown man was found in a box car at Sandpoint. Idaho. He had been shot in the head and was frozen stiff. Murder and robbery is sus pected. A. B. Wilson, alias Barrett, has been arrested in Walla Walla for represent ing himself as an agent for Collier's Weekly and making fraudulent collec tions. Mrs. Hembree, wife of A. Hembree, and their daughter. Ora, a young wo man about 17 years old, were burned to death at Sand Lake, Oregon, where the family lives. Beginning about January 8 the jute mill at the Washington state peniten tiary will start again, after a long shut down. Hereafter the mill will be operated by electricity instead of by steam and a considerable saving is expected. Trade Is Better. Dun's Weekly Review of Trade says: Unseasonably mild weather ac centuated the customary holiday weett dullness in distribution of staple mer chandise. but gratifying results of Cnristmas trade established a strong tone and confidence regarding the fu ture is more pronounced. Outdoor work is facilitated by the high tem perature and the lack of snow, making the year's total of building operations even greater than uie most sanguin« expectations. Trade in furs and heavy clothing is unfavorably affected l )v the open winter, but the ret result is most satisfactory. It is gratifying to manufacturers to find that no burden some accumulation of stocks has oc curred, despite recent record break ing production. Statements of rail way earnings continue satisfactory: figures thus far available for Decem ber showing an average gain of 0.9 per cent, over 1904, and foreign com merce at this port was remarkably favorable, exports gaining $2,003,129 and imports increasing $4,101.897. as compared with the same week last year. Trouble May Be Averted. Advices received at the state de partment are to the effect that the threatened trouble between Colombia and Venezuela has probably been averted. Pickering College Destroyed. Pickering, Ont. —Pickering college was destroyed by fire Saturday. The college was a Quaker institution. The building and contents were valued at $75,000. Redding Has $30,000 Fire. Redding, Cal.—A fire has destroyed the merchandise store of Chenowith K- Moore, and the candy store of Wil liam Kesler. Daughter—I do wish papa'd get an automobile. Mother—Are you so fond of riding in them? Daughter—It isn't that, but if we don't get one people may think we can't afford it.—Brooklyn Life. Just at the opening of the football season comes the announcement that Ralph D. Paine will continue, in the November Century, his discussion of "The Spirit of School and College Sport." taking up "English and American Football." It is formally denied that France has sent an ultimatum to Venezuela. LEAVES $15,000 FOR PETS. Actress Remembers Dog and Parrot in Her Will. The fact that Cecelia A. Wolsey, who was formerly a performer on the vaudeville stage under the name of Lillian Western, bequeathed $15,000 for the care of her dog, parrot and a cage of love birds, became known j when h^r will was filed. Miss Wilsey | died a week ago. Harriet Gates, a j friend of the dead woman, is charged with the care of the animals and Miss Wilsey's will provides that she have the use of the $15,000 for that purpose. After the death of Mrs. Gates, the will stipulates, the remainder of the money shall go to the American So ciety for the prevention of Cruelty to Animals to care for Miss Wolsey's pets if they outlive Mrs. Gates, and if not, to care for other homeless animals. Miss Wolsey was a "musical special ist" on the vaudeville stage and re tired from it a year ago, having only her pets as companions. Suicide in Portland. Portland.—The body of Kaspar Van Dran. until recently a saloonkeeper in this city, was found in his room in a downtown hotel. He had committed suicide by swallowing cyanide of pot assium. Van Dran left a note in which he »blamed a former rival saloonkeep er, Joe Young, for his troubles An unusual story is attached to these two men and their families, in volving the attempt of Young to kill Kasper Van Dran and the death later of Mrs. Van Dran from cyanide pois oning. administered by persons un known to the authorities. Serious Fire in Tenement. Minneapolis.—One dead, two badly burned and 15 or more injured or over come by smoke, is the result of a are in the Higgins tenements. The fire started in the apartments of Mrs. Buckliff, 823 Minnehaha avenue, in the middle of the big tenement, and spread with great rapidity. Twenty seven families were rescued from their beds and sent shivering and half smothered into the outer air, where the thermometer showed 10 above zero -__"ll Filipinos Ask Bryan's Aid. Manila.—Filipinos who spoke at the banquet given to W. ,1. Bryan demand ed the immediate independence of the islands and said they were looking to him to champion their cause with tfie American people. Mr. Bryan, in his response, made no promises and the nalives were disappointed. Ag uinaldo was amqng those present. The menu displayed an American flag, sup ported by an insurgent banner. Amer icans here are pleased with Mr. Bry an's conservatism. j Three Men Blown to Pieces. Huntington, Ind.—By the blowing up of an engine attached to a freight train on the Chicago ,v Erie railroad, near Drisco hall. Engineer John J. O'Brien of Kouts, Fireman C. R. Oli ver of this place, and Lemuel Fisher, brakeman, of Rochester. Ind., were killed and 15 cars were piled up. The wreck caught fire. Only the body of Engineer O'Brien has been recovered. It was blown to pieces. The train was composed of refriger ator cars loaded with meat and was running as - a special. Gems Valued at $4000 Stolen. New York.—For the second time within three months, and the seventh time within three years, the jewelry store of Schwartz Bros., at 368 Broad the heart of the tenderloin district, was robbed Saturday and about $4000 worth of diamond rings | and watches were stolen. The loss on the sev a member $ 20 . 000 . robberies, according t of the firm, aggregate That President's Note a Greeting. According (o a competent aiithority at Washington the contents of a let ter from the president to Fitzsimmons was Christmas greetings, and an in vitation from the president to call on him should the pugilist's wanderings ever bring him to the capital. It is said not a word was written about the ring or Fitzsimmons' recent defeat or victories yet in store. Big Banks Are to Merge. Now York, Dec. 29.—The National Shoe and Leather bank and the Met ronolitan bank, within a few months, will be merged, the former losing its identity and becoming a branch of the latter. Under the new arrange ment the Metropolitan bank will have a canital and surplus of about $2, 750,000. Alaska's Gold Output. Consul Randall of Dawson estimates the output of gold from Alaska the past season exceeded $14,000,000. It was $9.000.000 last year. The big in crease is in the Tanana valley. Gotch Throws Delivuk. Montreal, Que. —Frank Gotch defeat ed Delivuk. the Austrian wrestler, in two straight falls, Graeco-Roman. He trvMr tv.» fir«t fa'l in one hour and the second in 26 minutes. Antipass Law Is Legal. Grand Rapids, MBs.—Judge Webb I has decided that the Wisconsin anti pass law is legal. - Nell—Mrs. Closeleigh is getting up a fair to help a poor widow pay her rent. Belle—I didn't know Mrs. Close leigh was so philanthropic. Nell—She isn't. She owns the house the poor widow lives in —Philadelphia a <•> — & Ü3, matrur j)hoî|qrajîlnj — r <f\ & As a prei entire of fog when pyro-soda is being employed, and an excess of nlknli has been necessitated to overcome under-exposure, the addition of soap to tlie developer has been recommended by n high authority. Of course, in the first place, the purity of the soap to be used must be ensured, and for this reason castile soap, which can always be obtained from a pharmaceuti cal chemist In satisfactory condition, mny be named. From two to three grammes of the soap having been rubbed down in a mortar with water, the solution is made up to 150 cubic centimeters. This solution is used instead of water in compounding the developer. As an example of its use the following particulars may be given: In developing a half-plate, sufficient of the soap water to cover the plate is poured into the dish, then add 10 drops of Nos. I and 2 or .9 drops of No. 2. The solutions referred to as No. 1 and No. 2 are as follows: No. l.—Pyrogalllc acid, 8 parts; alcohol, 50 parts; glycerine, 8 part« * s '°- 2. Mater, 60 parts; sulphite of sodium, 12 parts; soda, 5 parts; glycer ine, 10 parts. Compared with bromide papers, platlnotype is singularly free from those mysterious stains and marks which so often make their appearance upon the high lights, but yellow stains do occur occasionally, and are due either to the use of dirty developer—i. e., developer which has been used too often—• to the employment of commercial muriatic acid In place of pure hydrochloric, or to the insufficient immersion of the print in the acid bath. To prevent staining with old developer, and yet not throw the oxalate solution away after it has been once used, have two bottles, one containing the fresh oxalate solution away after it has been onceu sed, have two bottles, one containing the fresh oxalate of potash, the other empty, and put a funnel and filter in the neck of the empty bottle. Then, after each print is developed, the developer is poured through the fllterlnto the new bottle. Instead of mixing with and discoloring tire clean solution. When bottle No. 1 Is empty No. 2 will be full, when the process will be reversed, the filter removing each time the dirty green sediment. Marks also occur in platlnotype prints as n result of placing them to dry upon a dirty surface, the highly absorbent paper soaking up stains, such as ink or coloring matter. Only white blotting paper, perfectly clean, should, therefore, be used for tills purpose. Marks due to dirty fingers, dust! etc., are best removed by clean india rubber, light friction being used. Black spots, due to pinholes in the negative, can be picked out with a needle, the minute hole being afterward smoothed over with india rubber.—Amateur Photographer. THE SEASONS. When conies spring? W hen blithest the robins sing. And the violet has her hour? Not till the heart's In flower Is it spring. When comes June? At the time of the thrush's tuns Of all beauties below and above! When reddens the rose of love, Then comes June. Autumn's when? When grasses rasp in the fen, And the face of the field is wan! When joys are faded, gone, Autumn's then. Winter hoar. Comes lie with the storm-wind's roar And all lorn Nature's ruth? 'Tis winter when love and youth Are no more. -Century. A MATCH-MAKER. .7 'M convinced that matchmaking is jl not my forte," remarked young Mrs. t'anby, as she and her caller talked over the events of the last sum mer. "Why, did you try your hand at that dangerous occupation?" "Well, I suppose every woman lias the fever some time or other. My at 5 « m «j* CÖ1 HE SEEMED QUITE IMl'ItESSED. tack came on in August, when Lucy Owings was visiting me at Seemore cottage. You know she is an orphan. I have thought for a long time that she ought to marry and have a home of her own, instead of living with lier guardian and his cranky housekeeper. It occurred to me that she and that young Everett were just suited to each other. I concluded that if they could only lie together for a time they would become engaged. So 1 sent him an in vitation to come for a week or two to Seemore cottage. "When 1 told Lucy that he was com ing she seemed very much startled. She asked, at once, 'Why, how did you happen to Invite him?' "She looked at me so searchlngly that I feared she saw through my lit tle plan and I was quite embarrassed. "I couldn't tell whether she was pleased or displeased at the idea of his coming. When they met their greeting was so stiff and formal that I began to think they disliked eacu other. But I reflected that if they did it would be all the more credit to me if i made them see each other's good qualities. "The first evening young Everett was there he and I sat on the porch after Lucy and the children had gone upstairs. I took the opportunity to tell him my opinion of Lucy. Of course, I • had sense enough not to bore him by gushing over her charms. I just re marked In an off hand way that I thought it remarkable that a girl who had received so much attention should not be spoiled. I said, too, that any man who wanted her would have to look sharp, for she had too many ad mirers to be easily won. He seemed quite impressed and said that he had always understood her to be a very popular girl. "I was afraid that I had said too much, so I added that I was sure tho right man needn't despair of getting her. He glanced at me keenly, and I felt that 1 had already awakened his interest in her by my Judicious re mark. "Well, without making it too mark ed, I tried to leave them alone together as much as possible. I gave them the use of the boat and pony trap, and warned the children not to follow (hem about. But they didn't appear to get on well together, and I began to think they would never come to au understanding. They treated each oth er with a formality that was almost coldness. Any effort on my part to put them on easier terms seemed to send them both into a panic. I began to believe that there was a strong an tipathy between them, and I regretted that I had ever thought of having them at the cottage together. W Idle in this state of mind I went out to our little summer house one evening with a lantern to look for a book I had left there. To my un bounded surprise I found it occupied by Lucy and young Everett. Lucy had gone to her room early in the evening and young Everett was, I sup posed, smoking on the side porch. They sprang away from each other! and looking very guilty and embar rassed, got into the farthest opposite corners of the liny house. "I tried to appear unaware of any thing unsual, but Lucy began to cry and young Everett looked so uncom fortable that I asked rather brusquely, perhaps, 'What's the matter with you two innocents?' " 'We are mar—married, and wa didn't want anyone to know it,' sobbed Lucy. "'Married!' I cried. " 'Yes, married,' said young Everett, coming out of his corner. 'There is no reason why every one shouldn't know it. We were married in Michigan the week before Lucy came up here, but she didn't want It known until the match had her guardian's approval. Von know he went to Europe and left her witli that fussy old housekeeper. Do you wonder that I made her marry me?' " 'You've been so good to us,' said Lucy. T was almost sure you had guessed our secret. If you had only • known it, what a lovely time we could have had!' she sighed. "Weren't you Indignant?" asked the caller. "What did you do?" "I just nsked them to stay another week and have a real honeymoon. While they were there a kind message came from Lucy's guardian, and so we had the marriage announced In the newspapers. I think they'll be happy ever after, but I can't flatter myself that I made the match."—Chicago News. A Good Memory. Lendltt—You borrowed $10 of mo last month and promised to pay la two days. You must have a bad mem ory. Speuditt—Fierce! I remember At perfectly I—Puck.