Newspaper Page Text
■AT I /
, In a recent dairy article the author ve his method of caring for his herd Creame ry Of dairy cows, presumably the fancy herd of a wealthy owner, who was breeding stock for a pastime and who had plenty of money to hire all the help necessary to care for his stock iu the way mentioned. His method would keep a man, several meu, if the herd Kvas a large one, in the stable from tialf past 4 iu the morning till 6 or later •t night. It called for grooming and cleaning three times a day, watering twice and feeding hay and grain six times. While the farmer cannot perhaps £ ve his cows tlie attention received by e herd above mentioned, he can have a system of caring for his stock and be regular in carrying it out, and this is the main thing, says a writer in the American Cultivator. Have a time for «doing each part of the work in the barn, and do it in its time. If it is nec essary to be away at any time during the day and not got back on the exact time by the watch that a certain thing should be done, do it in its regular or <ler as regards other parts of the work. If It is the custom to feed before milking, do it every time, and do not think that it is just as well sometimes to milk first and then feed. I think this the better way, as the cows stand •tiller to be milked if not eating and reaching for their food, although some WASHING THE COWS' UDDEKS. Cows will not stand to be milked unless they are eating. This is merely force Of habit and proves my idea as to reg ularity. Regularity is the first and toost essential thing in caring for stock. As to grooming, it pays to do a certain amount of it. Dain r cows should be groomed each 41ay. The amount of grooming may de pend somewhat on the amount of time the farmer can spare from his other work, but no farmer can afford to wholly neglect it, no matter what his other work. What is worth doing at all Is worth doing well, and it is not car ing for stock well to neglect to give them at least a slight brushing. No great amount of time need be ppent on them. A man who has never Cone It will be surprised to see how quickly he can go over a lot of cows With card and brush if done each day or what an improvement it will be to the stock both in looks and condition. Two minutes each to a lot of cows will prove beneficial if the caretaker can give them no more. Be regular about feeding, watering, grooming and milking, and your stock will look well even if you have other work to de mand a good part of your time. But if one has the stock to require ' one man most of the time to care for them it is better to have one man do the work rather than have two or three do tlie work up quickly and then all go at something else. A regular j man in the barn, with perhaps some j help about the milking, is bettor than two or three part of tlie time and then ho one in tlie barn through tlie day. The illustration from Kimball's Dairy Farmer, shows tlie employees of a large New York dairy farm washing the cows' udders just before milking. This and the scientific aeration and bottling of milk with sterilized uten sils amid sterilized surroundings are «only parts of the entire process, j Healthy, tuberculin tested cows, sunny, healthful dustless, well ventilated, clean, whitewashed stables, absolute cleanli ne s of milkers' clothes and hands, covered milk pails, proper feed for the cows and pun- water are all equally imp rtaiit items. In most of these fine ••• straw is considered as being too dns y for use as bedding; planer -e u ed instead. Keeping Dairy Cows Clean. I have a .• nail herd of light colored Jersr. 1 vaj s ole mi and free from a thick coat of manure on their thighs, says a writer in Orange Judd Farmer. We brush them down before milk hig. But the secret of keep ing a cow < loan is in the stall. No cow should lie tied in a stable without a platform, as it would be impossible to keep lier clean even if she were clipped. Any farmer can make a plat form in his stable out of clay or ce ment. I like a clay platform with a cement gutter. The platform must not be too long or too short; it must be just right for the length of the cow. Keep tlie platform will littered with •traw. Clean the gutters twice a day, and cows can be kept nice and clean without dipping them. Give the Calves Sunshine. Too rich milk should not be fed, and If found not agreeing with the calf in Its earliest days reduce the new milk with warm water and do not feed too much at one time. Keep the calves in a bricht sunny room, giving them plen ty of dean shavings or cut bedding every à i>. and do not let F'eir bedding get damp. Use air slacked lime occa sionally to sweeten the stable floor and use land plaster every day. We allow our edves their fr«>e«loni in large sun ny box stalls where the" can caper about to their hearts' content.—H O. Daniels in New New England Home stead BURNT CLAY ROADS. An Economical Method of Good Hllfh way Building. Congress some time ago established an office of public roads, which it In structed to conduct experiments and devise methods for improving the roads , of the United States. The office has done a great deal to arouse interest throughout the United States in the necessity of good roads and has orig inated several means of making good roads economically. The latest dis covery Is that of burning clay roads in Mississippi. In large areas in the south, particu larly in the valleys of the Mississippi and its tributaries, sedimentary clays are found very generally, says William L. Spoon, a government road expert. In these areas there is little or no sand, and the clays are of a particularly plas tic and sticky variety. These sticky clays are locally known as "gumbo" V"'; y . /. ././A#'»««}'.'* '«iv? îw_. 'HL. WOOD AND CLAY HEADY FOK FIH1NG. and "buckshot." In such localities traffic is absolutely impossible during the wet season, as the wheels of heavy vehicles will sink to the hub. In order to overcome this difficulty the office of public roads undertook an investiga tion of the matter. Special experi ments were carried on in the labora tory to see what could be done in the way of burning or clinkering these clays so as not only to destroy then plastic qualities, but also so far as possible to form hard, bricklike lumps which should be capable of sustaining traffic. Samples of the material were sent from the Yazoo district in Missis sippi to the laboratory, and the clinker ing point of the clay was fourni to be sufficiently low to indicate that simple burning of the lumpy clays upon the road surface by means of open wood fires would accomplish the desired re sult. Following these laboratory ex periments it was decided to make ex periments on a road, and it can be stat ed that this experimental road is prov ing highly satisfactory. Gumbo clay is black owing to the high percentage of organic or vegeta ble matter it contains. It is particu larly sticky in its nature and is almost wholly free from sand and grit. After it has been burned, however, the plas tlcity is entirely destroyed and a light clinker is formed which, though not particularly hard, when pulverized forms a smooth surface and seems to wear well. It should be understood that not all of the clay out of which the road is to be constructed is to be clinkered, but only a sufficient amount should be rendered nonplastic to neu tralize the too sticky character of the native clay. Fortunately the gumbo district is plentifully covered with heavy timber, thus affording an abun dance of fuel. While the only experimental burnt clay road constructed by the office was in Mississippi, the same methods might be applied with equally good re sults in the sections of the prairie states that have no other material available for road building. Good sound wood, as dry and well seasoned as it is possible to procure, should be provided before beginning the work and stacked at convenient in tervals along the side of the road. About one cord of wood has been found necessary for eight linear feet of roadbed twelve feet wide. The wood may be cut either to four, eight or twelve foot lengths. Brushwood, if it is dry, as well as chips, bark, old fence rails and railroad ties, coal slack —in fact, any sort of fuel that can lie easily and economically obtained—may be used to advantage with the cord wood. ' j j j be ing the the said of less in Our soil [ will will for oil oil. the Is the a a !Lural Delivery Notes Morristown, Ind., boasts of one of the very few women rural route car riers in Indiana. She is Miss Pearl Lane, daughter of John Lane. One rural free delivery carrier in Lit tlestowu, Pa., recently found in tlie mail boxes on his route 126 pennies to pay for unstamped letters deposited with them. When the weather is col l and the sleet bears in. the coins freeze to tlie bottom of the boxes. The weary carriers now want Uncle Sam to pro hibit this method of paying postage. George Frock, carrier for route No. 0 at Hale, Mo., has purchased au auto mobile, which he will use for deliver ing his daily mail. This is in keeping with the great progressive age in which we are living all right, but it j still remains a question whether an in O. automobile can be used successfully on the winter roads in the section of Hale. The artistic whittler living along a rural delivery route who may construct a letter box of wood with the use of his jackknife ami a cigar box will have his pains for his trouble, says a Wash ington dispatch Postmaster General Cortelyou recently issued an order per mitting patrons .ff rural routes to make their own boxes -abject to the approv al of the depart: >nt. It was specified that the boxes -hould be of iron or steel. The imi si on, however, has got abroad that <v old box will do. j : OIL IN ROAI) WORK. EXPERT BELIEVES IT EXCELLENT FOR HARDENING SANDY HIGHWAYS. Cost Is About One-tblrd That of Macadam, or $1,200 Per Milo, Says Kansas Professor-Several Practical Tests Made. "Roadmaking with oll I believe to be a commercial success, which will in time be generally adopted in improv ing the sandy roads of the state." This is tlie opinion Professor Albert Dickens of the Kansas State Agricul tural college, the mau who for the past year has been assigned to the work of expending the $2,500 appropriated by the last legislature for the purpose of experimenting In oil roadmaking, gave the Topeka Journal. "The cost of oiling a sandy road," said Professor Dickens while the guest of F. D. Coburn, secretary of the state board of agriculture, "will be about $1,200 a mile. Some roads will cost more than others. This is only about one-third the cost of macadam and whore stone is not plentiful is much less than a third. "We have constructed oil roadways in four different parts of the state. Our most extensive experiment was near Garden City, where we oiled a little over a mile of road. The sandy soil absorbed vast quantities of oil. Four carloads were put into the road way with a sprinkling cart. At Hutch inson we made nearly a mile of oil road, and we built short stretches at Manhattan and Maple Hill. "Whether the oil In the roadways will have to be renewed remains to be seen. Of course there are certain por tions of the oil which are volatile and will pass off into the air. But we use for tills oiling only the reavy residuum oil left after the kerosene and gasoline have been extracted. This oil is thick and heavy and works better than thin oil. "Up at Manhattan the people who own fast horses were so well pleased with the oil road that they have oiled the race track and claim that it makes their track one of the best in the state. "Out at Garden City, where the sand Is probably as heavy as any place in the state, the oil experiments are watched with the greatest Interest. The whole of western Kansas will be benefited greatly if the oil road comes Into general use. There Is a rich farming country tributary to Garden City, which is at times almost cut off from the town because of the heavy sand in the roads. The roads are so bad that a horse cannot haul more than ten bushels of wheat at a load. "Tlie farmers living near Garden City and the merchants in the town are talking of oiling the main roads leading to tills tributary country, so that the farmers can come into town regardless of the sand. "We have found that narrow tired wagons cut up the road badly after it has been oiled, while the wide tired wagons tend to make It more solid and firm. This Is of course true to a great extent of the effect of the tires on ordi nary roads." It is likely that the next legislature will be asked to continue the appropri ation for oil road experiments in order that tests may be made in other por tions of the state and establish fully the practicability of this method of good roads making. CALL FOR NATIONAL ROAD. Appeal to Have Famous Illulinuy Itebnilt by the Government. The National Good Roads associa tion. with headquarters in St. Bonis, has sent out the following appeal to motorists, says the New York Ameri can: "Tlie National Good Roads associa tion is a powerful force for good, and its work is accomplishing results in all parts of the United States. It is on gaged in many things that will bene fit tlie people. One of the great schemes it has in mind and which it has set about to accomplish is the re pair and rebuilding of the great na tional road across Maryland, Pennsyl vania, West Virginia, Ohio and Indi ana. j "That memorable road was intended to be one of the highways between the east and tlie west before railroads were known. It was built at great expense, costing tlie federal government over : $7,(100,000, and during the early days was a famous highway over which thousands traveled every week. When railroads came into existence the na tional road was neglected, and today it is only a skeleton of what it once was. "It is proposed to rebuild it, and the National Good Roads association has undertaken to have it done by the gov ernment. The length of the road is about 700 miles, and it can be rebuilt for less than $7,000,000. That Is about the cost of one good battleship, and we are building lots of them. The appro priation of that sum to make this old road across five states would do as much good as the average battleship, for not one such ship in ten will ever get in a fight. Then when the old road has been put in good shape to the Mis sissippi river it may be that the price of about three other battleships will be set aside to build the road to the Pa cific coast. "One first class continuous highway across the continent would be a great thing Many a traveler would spend two or three months going and corn In r by team, bicycle, automobile or ot'ujr vise. It would be easy for the nati >n to do a thing HV" ** ' "lu liliiô IPO « • visited E going ,« 's paid Notice. The Ore Finder Mining Company, Hamilton, Montana. There is delinquent on the following deicribed stock, on account of an as sessment levied on the eleventh day of January, 1907, the several amounts set opposite the name of respective shareholders, as follows: Name No. of No. of Amount Certificate Shares W. A. McLeod 41 2167 S21.67 and in accordance with law, and an order of the Board of Trustees, made on the eleventh day of January, 1907. so many shares of each parcel of stock as may be necessary will be sold at the office of the vice-president on the first day of March, 1907, at the hour of one o'clock in the afternoon of such day, to pay delinquent assess ments thereon, together with costs of advertising and expenses of sale. Hamilton, Mont., Feb., 13th, 1907. ln S. W. ALEXANDER, Secretary. F. E. GAGE, President. ; 17-3t Should Do Better. William Dean Howells, the novelist, IWas condemning a certain very popu lar writer. "That man could do better work." said Mr. Howells, "but he is always appealing to the gallery. It makes me think of that super of whom Booth used to tell. "There was an elderly super who in a certain new play was to come on nnd say to Booth: 'My Lord, the car riage waits.' That was his only line throughout tlie piece. "Well, the play progressed fine on its presentation, but when tlie old super appeared he first said; 'My Lord, tlie carriage waits,' as was ex pected of him. and then, instead of re tiring, ho advanced to the footlights, looked up at the crowded gallery and exclaimed with great vigor and anima tion: " 'And allow me to add that the man who lifts his band against a woman save in the way of kindness, is un worthy the name of a free-born Am erican.' "Then, amid overwhelming ap plause, he made his exit"—Rochester Herald. Bathes in Hot Water. Daniel Webster once invited Charle* Harding, the artist, to dine with him. The day before the dinner another friend sent Harding a bottle of rare old Scotch whisky. When Harding went to Webster's home next day be took this bottle with him, knowing how highly his host would prize it. Leaving it on the ball table, he entered the narlor There are Y.fiOo.orH) cycles in use in the United Kingdom, or one for every twenty of the population. New York is seldom thought of as a manufacturing city, but it lias 00,842 manufacturing establishmeuts. New York claims as waste, and dis poses of, fifty tons of condemned fruit of varying clniYiicter each day. Delouris Elizabeth Harrison, al though only 15 years old, has filled for the last two years the responsible posi tion of engineer at her father's saw mill near Needham, Ind. During the thrashing season Miss Harrison is often seen in the cab of her father's traction The Missoula Nursery Company A'Missoula Enterprise. Established 1892. iäL: J STtWKrf ■ Mm XjH mi S3 us*); MU Mr THE ORIGINAL MISSOULA APPLE TREE. OUR ESSENTIALS ARE : FIRST.—Our stock is hardy, home grown and acclimated. Grown from Montana material under similar soil and your own climatic conditions, our stock is the best for Montana planters. SECOND.—We grow only standard tested varieties that have been tried and are adapted—true to name and from selected «pedigreed trees. THIRD.—We get our stock« to the planter in prime condition. It is not kept in cold storage to get it to the grower at the planting season, and can be planted anywhere in Montana within a few hours time of «digging. FOURTH—Our stock is clean and healthy, free from all injurious insect pests—no danger of the introduc tion into your orchard of dangerous insects and plant diseases. FIFTH.—You are dealing with men of responsibility—men you can get at. Our contracts are good—no substitution clause in our contracts. You get what you buy. SIXTH.— We grow a full line of hardy fruits, shrubs and ornamental trees. We are proud of our nursery and stock. Come out and see for yourselves before purchasing from foreign concerns. SEVENTH.—Finally, our prices are right. We can save you money in good, honest stock, clean and healthy, hardy and alive—the best stock grown for Montana planters. We defy competition in these essentials. Write or call for catalogue. Long Distance Telephone No. 45, Nurseries and Greenhouses located one and one-half miles southwest of Missoula. PegannB at tlie Plow. At the close of a grand ball a cele brated actor of the Court theater in Berlin stands In the passage waiting for friends. A beautiful and fashionably dressed lady approaches him and says; "Beg pardon, have I the honor to see before me our famous Herr Donnerstimme, whose powerful and sonorous voice I had the pleasure of admiring last night ln 'Macbeth?' Might I ask you to do me a little favor?" "I am quite at your service, mad am." "Then will you be good enough to call out in the street in your loudest tones for the carriage of Baroness Swartz?"—Tit Bits. Farmer Waydown—Got any break fast food, mister? Waiter—Sorry, sir; but the cook is sick and we haven't anything but pie. Farmer Waydown—Waal, pie is ; what I meant. I am from Massa chusetts. ..CITY CRAY.. Kleinoeder & Hobbs All work entrusted to our care wll be si_<sedlly and satisfactorily done PRICES REASONABLE. Leave Orders at F. L. Burns or J. C Brown's Store. ! ! THE NEW MODELS Are the product of the second generation of Remington genius and workmanship. They repre sent age plus youth: the experi ence of the old combined with the progressiveness of the new. SALES IN 1906 BROKE ALL RECORDS FOR 30 YEARS REMINGTON TYPEWRITER CO., 110 Washington St.. Spokane, Wash. MONTANA OFFICE: 109 E. Broadway. Butte, Mont. TRI = WEEKLY -BETWEEN STAGE HAHILTON AND SULA Through Stage leaves Hamilton at 8:30 a. m. on Mondays, Wednesdays and Fri days, arriving at Hamilton on alternate days at 1 p. m. Strictly first-class service J. A. Wilkerson, Prop. H KRBERT BRETHOUR, M. B.. M. D.. O. M. Graduate of University of Toronto. Post Graduate in Diseases of Women and. Children. OFFICE—Opposite Ravalli Oountv Bank. RESIDENCE—Ravalli Hotel. HAMILTON. MONTANA« D R. F. E. BÜCHEN, PHYSICIAN and SURGEON, Office over Ravalli County Bank. Hamilton. - - Montana C 'HAS. M. OR ÜTCHFIELD. Attorney at Law Hamilton Montana. II. L. MYERS, .4 TTORNEY-A T-LA W, Office on Main Street. HAMILTON, - - - MONTANA.