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CONCRETE I WorKs MANUFACTURERS OF Concrete Building Blocks Chimney Blocks Sewer and Calvert Pipe Sidewalks Laid and | Concrete Work of any Kind 9 Estimates and Prices | FURNISHED ON APPLICATION. ■ ITEN a YOST, PROPS. ! 4 NORTH FIRST ST. HAMILTON à PROFESSIONAL CARDS ^EO. MoGTtATH, M. D. O. M. Graduate of Queen College. MEDALIST IN MEDICINE , SURGERY and OBSTETRIC > Office over Ravalli Oountv Bank. Hamilton, - - Montaj H ERBERT BRETHOUR, M. B„ M. D.. 0. M. Graduate of University of Toron! JPost Graduate in Diseases of Worn and Children. OFFICE—Opposite Ravalli Oountv Bank. RESIDENCE—Ravalli Hotel. HAMILTON, ... MONTAN« £JR. F. E. BUCHEN, PHYSICIAN and SURGEON, Office over Ravalli County Bank. Hamilton, - - Montana Q. H. SCHWAB VETERINARY SURGEON AND DENTIST. Office at Lockwood Stable. Residence in Hart Addition. 'Phone 26m HAMILTON, MONTANA HRS. M. HINCHCLIFF PRACTICAL MIDWIFE AND NURSE THIRTY-SIX YEARS EXPERIENCE Residence on North Third Street. W. P. BAKER ATTORNEY AT LAW —Probate Business a Specialty— OFFICES IN COURT HOUSE HAMILTON : : : : MONTANA LÎAGÂZINE READERS SUMSET MAGA7IME beautifully illustrated, good «tone» d >1 CA and interealirtg articles about *** California and all the far West. a year TOWN AMS COUNTRY JOURNAL a monthly publication containing plain, easily-understood articles 4 ./-. rp on the home, garden, farm and «pU.DU range—of intdtestto every mem- a year ber of the family—filled with photographs and pictures. ROAD OF A THOUSAND WONDERS a book of 75 pages, containing 120 colored photographs of $0.75 picturesque spots in California _____ ami Oreg.Q. ^ _ _ $ 2 .75 All three for.....$1.50 ADDRESS ALL ORDERS TO SUNSET MAGAZINE FLOOD BUILDING SAN FRANCISCO KILLthi couch and CURE the LUNCS w,th Or. King's New Oiscovery FDR C8lds s Ä AND ALL THROAT AND LUNG TROUBLES. GUARANTEED SATISFACTORY OR MONEY REFUNDED. NEW YORK CLIPPER IS THE GREATEST THEATRICAL « SHOW PAPER IN THE WORLD. S4.Q0 Per Year. Single Copy, 10 Cts. ISSUED WEEKLY. Sample Copy Free. FRANK QUEEN PUB. CO. (Ud), ALBERT J. BORIE, PUBLISHERS, 4UNAOKK. 47 W. 2stu St., New York. If we are to make as rapid progress in the improvement of our dairy breeds as we may reasonably expect, the pres ervation of the breeding powers of sires of approved merit must be given more attention than It has received in the past. Some bulls are naturally vicious, yet bad temper in nine-tenths of them is the result of the way they are managed. For some time after the arrival of Sarcastic Lad at the University of Illi nois conditions made it necessary to keep him in a small stall, with no exer cise except that given on the staff. No injurious results were noted for about a year, but by this time there were evi dences that a chance should he made. He was accordingly given a larger itnll, with access to an outside yard, where exercise could be taken at will. Failing to move about ns much as lie should, he was led about with the stuff until bis bad disposition manifested it self in breaking a heavy staff and jeop ardizing the lives of his attendants at two different times. Then it was de cided that lie spend the remainder of his days in confinement. Such a ver dict naturally raised the question of providing exercise, which was done by Installing a tread power. There is no opening in the stall or yard large enough to permit of his es cape if it should be left open. The approach through which cows come to the breeding rack barely admits them and is consequently too small for his exit. The tread power and breeding M » f'Af SARCASTIC LAD. rack, which stand at the remote end of the yard, are accessible to the stall by a narrow raised walk protected by a strong rail. When it is desired to exercise the bull, who is allowed the freedom of his stall and yard, a rope is snapped into his ring. This is done by simply reaching through the bars of his stall as he stands at his manger. The end Is passed through the dopr, and the at tendant. stepping through another opening, leads him along the passage way, as shown in the cut. He takes his place readily in the power, and the attendant handles the brake. When it is desired to use the breeding rack, the cow is made fast in position, and the gate which was formerly in front of the rack is swung over in front of the power and serves as a guard to the at tendant. With this arrangement no one need be injured. The power gen erated is not utilized here except as it has sweetened the disposition and re juvenated the physical powers of Lad. He was decidedly dangerous when first put to work, but is now a gentleman. Not only that; he is a sure breeder. A previous owner intimated that so old a bull could not be trained to work on a power. He has worked from the first and seems to enjoy it. The equip ment is not expensive when the im portance Of prolonging the days of use fulness of a sire is considered. The good results coming from this trial en courage us in advocating more strong ly than ever the use of mature sires, because they can he handled safely and easily. It would bo wiser perhaps to train them to toil while young rath er than keep them in that senseless show condition which conduces to had temper and undermines vitality, says Herbert A. Hopper, Instructor in dairy cattle at the University of Illinois. Sarcastic Lad is the sire of eighteen A. It. O. daughters and eight sons, who have fifty A. It. O. daughters, no has more than twenty-five sons heading leading herds in this country. He is now nine years old and apparently at the age of greatest usefulness. The il lustration is from Hoard's Dairyman. |o ly The Head of the Herd. To the farmer breeder who breeds dairy cows for their dairy worth I would recommend the plan of breeding producers together to get producers. I would go to that breeder of pure bred stock whose reputation for truth telling is above question and ask 1dm to show me the individual records of his herd for as many years as he can. This he can do, for any man ^vho is worthy the title of breeder knows the performance of his animals. Look among the bulls he has for sale for one whose mother and both grandmothers have yielded above 300 pounds of fat for several years in succession. Then look for vigor and strength and evidence of function in that individual, and see that among his relatives there are no weaklings.—Professor G. M. Gowell. to Caused by Carelessness. From a considerable experience as a dairyman and a gatherer of cream on a cream route I find that poor or sour cream is almost always caused by care lessness in some way on the part of the dairyman. The person that is careless at everything else will be careless in the dairy, and whatever the method u«ed there will be a failure to secure a first class product, and also a failure to secure the income that would come to one who gives careful attention to the business in all its details.—Charles D. Dole, Penobscot County, Me. AN CORRECT PRUNING. The Right and Wrong Way Illustrated and Described. The question frequently arises when |o prune. Among the earlier horticul turists this question was often an swered as follows: Prune when your knife Is sharp. This is a comparative ly safe method to follow with some plants, but where the problem Involves the management of extensive commer cial plantations it Is not so easy to prune in this miscellaneous fashion, re marks New England Homestend. The work must necessarily be done at some particular season and carried on in a systematic manner after some definite plan. With most orehardists and gardeners pruning can best be done during the winter or early «spring months, and where the object is the removal of small branches this season is undoubt edly quite as satisfactory ns any oth er. In fact, pruning during late ISL ffl ^ If- ISr^mk mm Xä |i|ir if El V PROPER AND IMPROPER PRUNING. spring, about the time or Just previous to the beginning of growth, is particu larly advantageous with the peach, be cause at that season, as a rule, all in jury to the animal growth from win ter killing will be apparent, and the primer can take advantage of this to remove all dead or injured branches and at the same time modify his plan so as to leave a maximum quantity of wood in order to secure a profitable crop of fruit, which might not be pos sible were the usual practice of re moving half the annual growth follow ed in such seasons. With apple and pear, which suffer less from winter killing, the annual priming can ns well be done In Mnreh in the north ns at any other season. With the grape, however, which Is like ly to produce a heavy flow of sap if the pruning is delayed until late in the season, it is undoubtedly liest to do the pruning during the late fall and early winter months. When the pruning involves the re moval of annual growth rather than large branches, the cut should invaria bly be made immediately above a bud, as shown in the first figure at A. Nev er cut as indicated nt B, C and D. All wounds that are made should be left smooth—that is, if it is necessary to use a saw in removing a large branch the cut surface should be left smooth and clean, particularly around the edges. To obtain best results in removing large branches two cuts should be made—that is, the branch should be sawed off eighteen or twenty inches above the point of its origin to pre vent splitting down and tearing off a considerable portion of the bark. After the weight of the branch has been lessened by cutting away the main part a second cut can be made and the stub held in position until the cut is completed. Tills prevents the splitting down and tearing of the bark which are likely to result from the careless re moval of large branches. The evil results of splitting can be overcome frequently by cutting first or 1X2 D WRONG AND BIGHT WAY. the under side of the limb and then upon the upper side, as shown in the second figure, so that the breaking of the tissue occurs near the middle of the wound instead of at one side. When this Is the case, tearing and split ting seldom occur. Farmers' Institutes. Not the least of the benefits of farm ers' institutes is that they are teaching farmers to think when standing on their feet and facing an audience. The old fashioned farmer felt bungling and iwkward in public. He could sit and nee holes in the other fellow's argu ment, but he became speedily a victim of stage fright when ue arose to ex press his own views. — Iowa Home stead. Burn the Branches. Never leave prunings of trees and bushes lying round. Bum them In the garden fire, and you will know then that ail the insects upon them are de stroyed. The wood ash. too. is an ex tol lent fertilizer for every crop grown, but especially useful for tomatoes and all fruits.—Gardening. The San Jose Louse. The scale under which the louse hides is impervious to most insecti cides, and during a certain season the louse can crawl about or be carried from place to place by birds, heavy winds, etc. Strong, healthy trees soon succumb to the attacks.—Farm Jour nal COX ORANGE PIPPIN. It Has the Highest Value of Any Va riety Grown. The well known horticultural expert, George F. Powell, gives some interest ing information regarding the Gox Orange Pippin in American Agricultur ist as follows: This apple is but little known in our country, yet it lias the highest value of any variety grown in any part of the world. It is a seedling of the Ilibstone and originated in 1830 In Colubrook I.awn, near Slough, Bucks, England. It has been disseminated to some extent in England nnd is accord ed the place of highest excellence of any apple grown there or of any im ported variety, commanding at all times 1 shilling, or 24 cents, apiece in the retail market. The tree in comparison with the Baldwin or Greening is not so large, and its foliage is not so strong or lux 3 <25 CoX ORANGE PIPPIN. uriant, but so far as tried by me at Orchard farm it makes satisfactory growth and produces fruit regularly which is of exceptionally high quality. The branches of (he trees are light and willowy in character. The leaves are narrow and pointed and inclined to roll slightly, but are, however, healthy to the end of the seusou. The fruit iB medium in size, slightly russet, which ns it ripens turns to a rich golden yel low, nnd partially covered with a deep red color. It is not ns highly colored ns some red apples, and for this rea son its fine quality and great merit would not be discovered by buyers in a general market, but when matured it is exceedingly high In flavor, slighlly acid, juicy, crisp, of fine texture and aromatic to a high degree. Eight years ago I set my first grafts of this variety on a willow twig tree. For three years the willow twig stock has been suffering from an attack of canker, which has nearly girdled the tree, but it lias borne regularly for three years. Grafts are now growing on Wagoner nnd Alexander trees which will come into bearing the coming sea son. Tiie variety is not one to be rec ommended for the* general grower. It is a high grade fruit that must seek a special market and will need to be grown by tiie specialist who will give it the needed high culture, fertilizing, pruning and spraying that it will re quire. The apple has one peculiarity differ ent from all other varieties. When it reaches its highest perfection, it shrivels slightly. Tiie English consum er does not consider It as at its liest until it reaches this condition. While it is then perfectly sound, it is most delicate in texture and very highly aromatic. Tiie apple is ready to pick about (lie last of September and will keep in common storage until the holidays, but In cold storage It may be kept until February. It Is a box apple and adapted to that class of trade. I shall double work It upon different stocks wllh the view to strengt 'senin - its foliage. I believe it will be possible to grow It in tills coun try of equal if not superior quality to those grown in England. Setting Strawberry Plants. For tiie best results in large fields I would set strong young plants In the spring in rows four feet apart and three feet in the row in soil as thor oughly fitted as for an onion bed. Set the plants very firmly, but not too deep, and if the land is smooth and free from stones or other coarse ma terial cultivate witli a straight toothed weeder until the runners begin to form, going both ways. The weeders with curved teeth are not as good for this work as those with straight teeth, as they press down upon the plants and often break off the buds, while the straight teeth work around the plant. This tool will keep down the weeds that come from seeds If run frequently enough, but the perennial weeds, like witch grass, sorrel, etc., must be destroyed by frequent use of the hand hoe.— S. T. M. in New Eng land Homestead. j J j j j j 1 I The Pleasure Garden. Hardy ornamental grasses Torm a Hovel decorative feature for entrance ways that is seldom seen, but one that Is appreciated when Its possibilities are nnderstood. Fuchsias at rest are to be started. Blips may be taken and propagated from the young strong growth. Old plants should be cut back and grown in bush form. They should not be al lowed to become pot bound. Salvia splendens needs plenty of pot room and a cool temperature at this season. Keep the plants in good growth all the time. Try Something New. Why not naturalize a thousand poet's narcissus bulbs in some meadow, woods, orchard, shrubbery or on tbe bank of a stream? Have you ever tried giant snowdrops, snowflakes or glory of the snow? Try them on the north side of a house where there is not enough light for ordinary flower». *0» Convalescents need a large amount of nourish 4 1 ment in easily digested form. £i Scoff's Emulsion is powerful nourish* Q ment —highly concentrated. ^ It makes hone, blood and muscle without ? putting any tax on the digestion. Q ALL DRUGGISTS; 50c. AND SI.OO. FOR CRITICAL SMOKERS flor ck Baltimore The Peer of Havana Cigars ON SALE EVERYWHERE! i SLEEPING CHILD SPRINGS Good Hotel Accommodations and Feed Stables I«eavo orders at. F. L. Burns' or Cottage Hotel. Analysis shows that tho medicinal and healing properties of the waters of these Springs are unexcelled in the entire country. Located only 3 hours drive over a good wagon road, from the Rail way statiou in Hamilton. Stage leaves Hamilton twice a week. Wednesdays and Saturdays. B. F. HEAVILIN, Proprietor. CITIZENS' STATE BANK Hamilton, Montana. Capital Paid in $30,000 J. L Humeub, President T. A Chaffin, Vice President O. C. Cooper, Cashier DIRfcCTORS J. L. Humble T. A. Chaffin A. Christian R. A. O'Hara J. H. Watts A. L. Ban O . C. Cooper Transacts a General Eanking Business THE NEW MODELS Are the product of the second generation of Remington genius and workmanship. They repre sent age plus youth: the experi ence of the old combined with the progressiveness of the new. SALES IN 1906 BROKE ALL RECORDS FOR 30 YEARS ItKMINHTON TYPEWRITER CO., 110 Washington Ht.. Spokane, Wash. MONTANA OFFICE: 10!) K. Rroadway. Rntte, Mont. •**> Oiled Roads In Kentucky. In Fayette county, Ky., more than 100 miles of roads are said to have been treated with asphalt* base oil, says the Municipal Journal and En gineer. Macadam roads built five and six years ago are smoother and harder today than when first completed, and not a penny has been spent on the roadways for repair. The county Judge states that the average cost per year per mile for repairs of the Tate Creek pike had been $15 and that all of this money had been expended in keeping the drains open and clean, Not a pound of metal had been added In four years. An application of oil When the road was completed and one thereafter had produced this result I I CITY MEAT MARKET OPPOSITE RAVALLI COUNTY BANL 1 j V Is prepared to furnish the retail and wholesale trace ( with the choicest :: :: :: :: ;» Beef, Pork, Mutton, Veal, Etc., Etc. I Fish and Game in season. p GEO. H. PETTUS, Proprietor. .. THE BOWLING ALLEY .. Has changed hands and is now under the management of -- W. S. Robertson —— Ladies Admitted Every Afternoon and on Thursday Evening. Corner Main and Third St. Hamilton, Montana Good Words for Chamberlain's Cough Remedy. People everywhere take pleasure in testifying to the good qualities of Chamberlain's Cough Remedy. Mrs. Edward Phillips of Barclay, Md,, writes: "I wisli to tell you that I can recommend Chamberlain's Cough Remedy. My little girl, Catherine, who is two years old, has been taking this remedy whenever she has had a cold since she was two months old. About a month ago I contracted a dreadful cold myself, but I took Chamberlain's Cough Remedy and was soon as well as ever." This remedy is for sale by Corner Drug Store.