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The Western news. (Stevensville, Mont.) 1890-1977, June 19, 1907, Image 2

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Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn84036207/1907-06-19/ed-1/seq-2/

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»Between Two fires«
By ANTHONY HOPE
"A wise man will make more opportunities
than he finds. " —Francis Bacon.
OHAPTER XV.—(Continued.)
Thus far the Slgnorina. I must be* to
call special attention to the closing lines
of her narrative. But before I relate
the very startling occurrence to which
she refers, we must return to the bar
racks, Where, it will be remembered, mat
ters wore in a rather critical condition.
When the officers saw their mess room
suddenly filled with armed men. and
heard the alarming order issued by the
Colonel, their attention was effectually
diverted from me. They crowded togeth
er on one side of the table, facing the
Colonel and his men on the other. As
sisted by the two men sent to my aid, I
seised the opjtortunity to push my way
through them and range myself by the
side of ray leader. After a moment's
pause the Colonel began :
"The last thing we should desire, gen
tlemen," he said, "is to resort to force.
But the time for explanation is short.
The people of Aurentaland have at last
risen against the tyranny they have so
long endured. General Whittingham has
proved a traitor to the cause of freedom ;
he won his position in the name of lib
erty ; he has used it to destroy liberty.
The voice of the people has declared him
to have forfeited his high office. The
people have placed in my hand the sword
of vengeance. Armed with this mighty
sanction, I have appealed to the army.
The army has proved true to Its tradi
tions—true to its character of the pro
tector, not the oppressor, of the people.
Gentlemen, will you who lead the army
take your proper place?"
There was no reply to this moving ap
peal. Ue advanced closer to them, and
went on :
"There is no middle way. Ton are pat
riots or traitors—friends of liberty or
friends of tyranny. I stand here to offer
you either u traitor's death, or, If you
will, life, honor and the satisfaction of nil
youT just claims. Do you mistrust the
people? I, ns their representative, here
offer you every just due the people owe
you —debts which had long been paid but
for the greed of that great traitor."
As he said this he took from his men
some bags of money, and threw them an
the table with a loud chink.
Major DeChair glanced at the hags, and
glanced at his comrades, and said:
"Iu the cause of lil>erty, heaven forbid
we should be behind ! Down with the
tyrant !"
And all the pack yelped in chorus!
"Then, gentlemen, to the head of your
men," said the Colonel, and going to the
window, he cried to the throng:
"Men, your noble officers are with us."
A cheer answered him. I wiped my
forehead, and said to myself, "That's well
over."
CHAPTER XVI.
I will not weary the reader with our
further proceedings. Suffice to say we
marshaled onr host and marched down to
tho Piazza. The news lmd spread by
now, and in the dimly breaking morning
light we saw the Square full of people—
men, women and children. As we march
ed in there was a cheer, not very hearty
.—a cheer propitiatory, for they did not
know what we meant to do. The Colonel
made them a brief speech, promising
peace, security, liberty, plenty ami alt
♦he goods of heaven, lu a few stern
words be cautioned them against "treach
ery," and announced that any rebellion
against the Provisional government would
meet with swift punishment. Then he
posted his army in companies, to keep
watch till all was quiet. And at last he
•aid :
"Now, Martin, come back to tho Golden
Houm, and let's put that fellow in a safe
place."
"Tea," oaîd I, 'and have a look for the
money." For really in the excitement it
seemed as if there was n danger of the
moat Important thing of all being for
gotten.
The dawn was now far advanced, and
as we left the Piazza, we eeuld see the
Golden House at the other end of the
avenue. All looked quiet, and the sen
trie« were pacing to and fro. Drawing
nearer, we saw two or three of the Präsi
dent'« servants busied about their ordi
nary tasks. On« woman was already re
moving Johnny Carr's lifeblood with n
mop aud a pail of water ; and u carpenter
was at work repairing the front door.
Standing by it was a doctor's brougham.
"Come to see Carr, I suppose," said I.
Leaving our horses to the care ef the
men who were with us, we entered the
house. Just Inside we met the doctor him
self. He was a shrewd little fellow, nam
ed Anderson, generally popular, and, al
though a persoual friend of the Presi
dent's, not openly Identified with either
political party.
"I havo a request to make to you, sir"
he said to McGregor, 'about Mr. Carr."
"Well, Is he dead?" said the Colonel.
"If ha is, h«'s got himself to tlmnk for
it."
The doctor wisely declined to discuss
this question, and confined himself to
•t&ting that he was not dead. Ou the
contrary he was going on nicely.
"But" he went on. "quiet is essential,
and I want to take him to my honse. out
•f the racket. No doubt it la pretty
qaiet here now, hut—"
Tha Oolonol interrupted :
"Will ha fjve his parole not to es
yape?"
"My dear air," said the doctor, "the
man couldn't move to sav* his life—aud
he's asleep now."
"Ton must wake him np to move him,
«appose, " said the Colonel. "Bat you
may take him. Let me know when he's
well enough to see me. Meanwhile, I hold
you responsible for hi« good behavior."
"Certainty, " said the doctor. "I am
content to be responsible for Mr. Carr."
"All right ; take him and get out. Now
for Whittingham !"
"Hadn't we better get the money first?"
■aid I.
"I muat have a bk of food. I've tostod
■•thing for twelve hour*."
One of the servants, hearing him, said
"Breakfast can be served in a moment,
A* And he ushered ns into the large
little
theca.
it
n
I.
al
for
to
the
es
I
you
he's
am
:
dining room, where we soon had an ex
cellent meal. When we had got through
most of It, I broke the silence by asking:
"What are you going to do with him?"
"I should like to shoot him," said the
Colonel.
"On what charge?"
"Treachery," he replied.
"That would hardly do, would It?"
"Well, then, embezzlement of public
funds."
We had a little talk abont the Presi
dent's destiny, and I tried to persuade
(he Colonel to milder measures. In fact,
I was determined to prevent such a mur
der if I conld without ruin to myself.
"Well, we'll consider it when we've seen
him," said the Colonel, rising. "We've
wnsted an hour breakfasting—it's sevon
o'clock."
I followed him along the path, and we
entered the little room where we had left
the President. The sentries were still
there, each seated in an armchuir. They
were not asleep, but looked a
drowsy.
"All right?" said the Colonel.
"Tes, excellency," said one of
"He Is there in bed."
He went Into the inner room and began
to undo the shutters, letting In the early
sun. We passed through the half-opened
door and saw a peaceful figure lying in
the bed, whence proceeded a gentle snore.
"Good nerve, hasn't he?" said the Colo
nel.
"Tes; but what a queer nightcap," I
said, for the President's head was swath
ed in white linen.
The Colonel strode quickly up to the
bed.
"Done !" he cried. "It's Johnny Carr !"
It was true; there lay Johnny. Ills
excellency was nowhere to be seen. The
Colonel shook Johnny roughly by the
arm. The latter opened his eyes and said,
sleepily :
"Steady there ! Kindly remember I'm
a trifle frngile."
"What's this plot? Where's Whitting
ham ?"
"Ah, it's McGregor," said Johnny with
a bland smile, "and Martin. How are you,
old fellow? Some beast's hit me on the
head."
"Where's Whittingham ?" reiterated the
Colonel savagely shaking Johnny's arm.
"Gently !" said I ; "after all, he's a sick
man."
The Colonel dropped the arm, and
Johnny said sweetly :
"Quits, isn't it, Colonel?"
Tlie ( tolonel turned from him, and «aid
to his men sternly :
"Have you had any hand in this?"
They protested vehemently that they
were as astonished as we were; and so
they were, unless they acted consummat
ly. They denied that anyone had entered
the outer room or that any sound had
proceeded from the inner. They had kef
vigilant watch, and must have seen any
intruder. Both the men inside were fh
Colonel's personal servants, and he believ
ed in their honesty, but what of their
vigilance? Carr heard him sternly ques
dotting them, and said :
"Those chaps aren't to blame. Colonel
I didn't come in that way. If you'll fak<
a look behind the bed you'll see unother
door. They brought me in there. I was
rather queer and only half know what
was tip."
We looked and saw a door where he
said. Pushing the bed aside, we opened
it, and found ourselves on the hack stair
case of the premises. Clearly the Presi
dent had noiselessly opened this door and
got out. But how lmd Carr got in with
out noise? The sentry came up, saying:
"Every five minutes, sir, 1 looked and
saw him on the bed. He lay for the first
hour in his clothes. The next look, he
was undressed. It struck me he'd laten
pretty quick and quiet about It, but I
thought no more."
''IVpend on it, the dressed man was the
President, the undressed man Carr !
When was that?"
"About half-past two, sir; Ja*t after
the doctor came."
"The doctor !" wo cried.
"Tea, sir ; Dr. Anderson."
"Tou never told me he had been here."
"He never went into the President's—
into General Whittingliam's i-oam, sir;
but he came in here for five minutes, to
get some water, and stood talking with us
for a time. Half an hour after he came
in for some more."
We began to see how It was done. That
wretched little doctor was in the plot.
Somehow or other he had comiuunloatod
with the President; probably he knew of
the door. Then, I fancied, they must
have worked something in this way. The
doctor comes in to distract the sentries,
while his excellency moves the bed. Find
ing that they took a look every five min
ute«, he told the President. Then lie
went and got Johnny Curr ready. Re
turning, he takes the President's place
on the bed, and in that character under
goes an inspection. The moment this is
over he leaps up and goes out. Bet ween
them they bring iu Carr, put him into
bed. and slip out through the narrow
space of open door behind the bedstead.
When all was done, the doctor had come
back to see if any suspicion had boon
aroused.
"I have It now !" cried the Coiotvel.
"That doctor's done us both. He e .uidn't
get Whittingham out of the house with
out leave, so he's taken him as Carr!
Swindled me into giving my leave. Ah,
look out if we meet, Mr. Doctor!"
We rushed out of the house and found
this conjecture was true. The man who
purported to be Carr had been carried
out, enveloped in blankets, just as we sat
down to breakfast : the doctor had put
him into the carriage, followed himself,
and driven rapidly away.
"Which way did they go?"
"Toward the harbor, sir," the sentry re
plied.
The harbor could be reached in twenty
minutes' fast driving. Without a word
the Colonel sprang on his horse ; I imi
tated him, and w« gaBoped as hard as
»V could, everyone making way before our
furious charge. Alas ! we wore to* lets.
Aa we drew rein on the quay we saw,
half a mile out U> sea, and sailing before
g stiff breeze, Johnny Carr's little yacht
with the Aureataland flag floating defi
antly at her mast-bead.
We gazed at it blankly, with never a
word to say, and turned our horses' heads.
Our attention was attracted by a small
gronp of men standing round the storm
signal post. As we rode np, they hastily
scattered, and we saw pinned to the post
a sheet of note paper. Thereon was writ
ten in a well-known hand ;
"L Marcus W. Whittingham, Presi
dent of the Republic of Aureataland,
hereby offer a reward of five thousand dol
lars and a free pardon to any person or
persons assisting in the capture, dead or
alive, of George McGregor ( late Colonel
Lr the Aureataland army) and John Mar
tin, bank manager, and I do further pro
claim the said George McGregor aud John
Martin to be traitors and rebels against
the Republic, and do pronounce their lives
forfeited. Which sentence let every loyal
citizen observe at his peril.
"MARCUS W. WHITTINGHAM,
"President."
Truly bis was pleasant !
CHAPTER XVII.
Th« habit of reading having penetrat
ed, as we are told, to all classes of the
community, I am not without hope that
some who peruse this chronicle will be
able, from personal experience, to under
stand the feelings of a man when he first
finds a reward offered for his apprehen
sion. It is true that our police are not
in the habit of imitating the President's
naked brutality by expressly adding
"alive or dead," but I am informed that
the law, in case of need, leaves the alter
native open to the servants of justice. I
am not ashamed to confess that my spirits
were rather dashed by his excellency's
Parthian shot, and I could see that the
Colonel himself was no less perturbed.
The escape of Fleanee seemed to Mac
beth to render his whole position unsafe,
and no one who knew General Whitting
ham will doubt that he was a more dan
gerous opponent than Fleanee. We both
felt, in fact, ns soon as we saw the white
sail of The Songstress bearing our enemy
out of our reach, that the revolution
could not yet be regarded as safely accom
plished. But the uncertainty of our ten
ure of power did not paralyze our ener
gies; on the contrary, we determined to
make hay while the sun shone, and, if
Aureataland was doomed to succumb once
more to the tyranny, I, for one, was very
clear that her temporary emancipation
might he turned to good account.
Accordingly, on arriving again at the
Golden House, we lost no time in insti
tuting a thorough inquiry into the stafé
of the public finances. We ransacked the
house from top to bottom and found noth
ing! Was it possible that the President
had carried off with him all the treas
ure that had inspired our patriotic ef
forts? The thought was too horrible. The
drawers of his escritoire and the safe that
stood in his library revealed nothing to
our eager eyes. A foraging party, dis
patched lo tlie ministry of finance (where,
by the way, they did not find Don Anto
nio or his fair daughter), returned with
Idle discouraging news that nothing was
visible but ledgers and bills. In deep
dejection I threw myself into his excel
lency's chair with the doleful reflection
that this pleasure seemed all 1 was likely
to get out of tlie business. The Colonel
stood moodily with his hack to the fire
place, looking nt me as if 1 were respon
sible for the state of things.
At this point in came the Signnrina.
We greeted her gloomily, and she was as
startled as.ourselves at the news of the
President's escape; at the same time I
thought I detected an undercurrent of re
lief. When, however, we went on to
break to her the nakedness of the land,
she stopped us at once.
"Oh, you stupid men, you haven't look
ed in the right place. 1 suppose you ex
pected to find it laid out for you on the
dining room table. Come with me."
We followed her into the romn whet'
Carr lay. lie was awake, and the Xij;
norina went and asked him how he wa
Then she continued :
"We shall have to disturb you for
few minutes, Mr. Carr."
(To be continued.)
Reversed.
"So you are the gentleman who runs
'Hints to the Home Gardener'?" said
the fair caller In the newspaper otli
"Do you obtain your material from
experiments In your own garden?"
"Oh, 1 haven't any garden." replied
the sallow young man with the pen be
hind his ear. "I live iu a tint"
"You don't say. Well, perhaps the
gentleman who writes 'Hints on Rent
ing Flats' could give me some good ad
vice from his experience in apartment
houses ?"
"Oh, he doesn't live In an apartment
house. He lives in the country."
Rar«* Trc»(.
"Some great physician tells us," said
the woman in the green waist, "that
eating beef puts a person iu a bad hu
mor. Does it put your husband in a
bad humor?"
"1 should say not," sighed the little
woman with the typewriter ink on h'r
Angers. "My husband Is a poet a.ul
he Is so tickled when we can afford
real beef that he is in
for a whole week."
the
Ttir Fn«: End.
"At last the time came," said
Aretle explorer, "when our sole sup
ply of food consisted ot a few ranued
ox tails and pickled pigs' feet."
"Then," said his hearer, "you were
Indeed reduced to extremities."—Ik»»
ton Transcript
Now They Dov'i
Clara— Don't be surprised if Willie
Sapleigh proposes to you to-night.
Maude—Gracious ! I>o you tlduk he
will?
Clara—Sure I do. When I refused
him Inst night h* said he didn't cere
what became of h.m.—Ch ion go News
Two of h Kind.
"George !"
"Yea. darling."
"Don't you think that tlie best fruit*
of romance are the wedding date and
the bridal pair?"—Baltimore Americau.
No M ot Uer-i d-Law.
Singleton—So you don't believe In a
monarchical form of government, eh?
Wedderly—1 shauM say not I That's
why I married an orphan
a good humor
ODD CURE FOR HOMESICKNESS.
Sight of Carload« of Texas Steen
Restores Kansas City Sian.
"Were you ever 1,500 miles from
home and so desperately homesick that
you wished you would die?"
"Not exactly."
"Well, I hope you never will be."
The young man who was doing the
talking passed the summer vacation in
New England, says the Kansas City
Star.
"I had counted on having a good
time of rest and recreation in a quiet
little town on the Boston and Albany
Railroad," he confided to an office as
sociate the other day. "But .my plana
were all upset I took a heavy cold
4
,, x . ,
going over from Chicago to Detroit by )
boat and by the time I had reached
my destination I was threatened with
pneumonia. I went directly to the ho
tel from the train and stayed In that
hotel one whole week. I was given
the very best of care, and the best
physician in town and a nurse were
with me almost constantly. But there
wasn't a familiar face about the place
and I could not recall having seen one
since I left Kansas City.
"1 became desperately homesick.
The doctor told me I would die If I
didn't get over the homesickness. He
I
2
and the hotel people invented all kinds j
of things to divert my mind, but they
did not succeed In cheering me one bit.
I was so gloomy and despondent that
I wished I would die. One day I
heard a sound that was like 'Home,
Sweet Home,' to me. I heard the fa
miliar bellowing of Texas cattle, and
looking out of the window, I saw in
the distance a freight train standing
on a side track. In the middle of the
train were five or six cars filled with
cattle, I could recognize the 'Mo. Pac.'
on the'side of the cars. I knew they
came from Kansas City. Then I fell
asleep and dreamed I was in my room
overlooking the west bottoms, within
sight and sound of the stockyards and
the railroad yards. The next morning
the doctor was smiling when he enter
ed the room.
" 'What has brought about this de
lightful change?" he asked in a pleas
ant tone.
" 'Oh, I have seen some friends from
home,' I replied.
"And so I had. In three days I was
walking about and enjoying myself.
Oh, there Is nothing so cheering to a
home-sick man In a strange land as
the sight or sound of something he is
used to seeing and hearin
HOW TO PREVENT FAMINE,
Laboratory Looked To to Prevent
Tlila World's Tragedy.
"Starvation may be averted through
the laboratory," writes F. A. Talbot In
the Technical World Magazine, and
ascrilies the momentous prophetic
words to the eminent seentlst, Sir Wil
liam Crookes. "Sir William made the
statement," says the writer, "before
the annual congress of the British as
sociation in ISOS, and he ventured the
prophecy also that it would be the com
bination of chemical research and the
hydraulic forces of nature, as exempli
fied In tlie numerous waterfalls, that
would at no distant time be used to
produce an adequate food supply for
the growing population of the world.
"The one great question that has
been directing the closest research of
the whole scientific world for more
than a century past has been the solv
ing of the problem as to how to meet
the growing demand that has resulted
from the extensive developments of
at home." |
agriculture for nitrogenous foods. Tlie
population of the globe is rapidly be- i
coming rpore and more dependent for j
Its vital force upon what the scientists
generally term bread—that is, those
foodstuffs essentially of a highly nitro
genous character. The existence of all
life, both animal and plant, is abso
lutely dependent upon a certain num
ber of substances generally known as
tlie ailments, and tlie presence of nitro,
gen iu some form in those ailments is
Indispensable. It Is the atmosphere
|
which directly or Indirectly furnishes j
\a from
to all living things tho nitrogen nee- !
essary for their life, and it
the air, moreover, that the two prin
(dpal forms of nourishment which, agri
culture demands In the combinations of
I its fertilizers, nitrate of soda and sul
phate of ammonia, are derived."
A description of the new method of
extracting nltrogeu from the atmos
phere follows.
i
|
AVonl.l be UiHixrrou«.
One day a wealthy western manufae
turer vlslted Brockton alld nmon « the
other sights of the city had to visit tha
Douglas shoe factory. The proprie
tor personally conducted the visitor
through tlîfe works. Taking up a shoe,
Mr. Douglas said; "Our latest novelty,
excellent work, Isn't It?"
"It's all right." said the visitor, with
a twinkle In his eyes, "but you can't
hold a caudle to the goods we turn out
In the west."
"Same line?" asked the ex-Governor,
with some dignity.
"No," said the other, "ours is gun
powder."
Rice.
Alexander the Great about B. C. 400
made an attempt to Introduce many
Asiatic plants into Europe. Bice was
among the number, but the Greeks did
not take kindly toiits cultivation, pre
ferring to Import it from India and
Egypt.
Aa to BrldK«.
Mrs. Brown (Just returned from re
vival)—My dear, I am now convinced
i that my card playing is a sin.
Mr. Brown (aware of her abilities)
—My dear, It Is more than a sin; if*
t positiv* crime-''—Toledo Blad*.
m
1SPP»
ÖSÄj M
Hack for Dehorning.
The Illustration shows a rack to be
used either for dehorning cattle or
ringing hogs. For sills use three pieces
feet long and 4 Inches by 4 inches
mortised for bottom of posts 8 inches
Mfch side of center to allow the skle8
and bottom boards to drop into place.
Four posts 4 inches by 4 inches and 5
feet 4 inches long and two posts 4
Inches by 4 inches, and 5 feet 8 inches
long are tenoned to the sills. Three
cap pieces 2 inches by 4 inches and 4
feet 2 inches long are mortised at the
ends to receive tops of posts. The caps
are of oak. One oak piece in front of
the cap, which holds the stanchion, is
inches by 2 inches, and 4 feet 2 inches
long. The lower oak piece in front of
the stanchion is 2 Inches by 4 inches
and 2 feet long. The lumber is 2 Inches
thick and 7 feet long for sides. One
board 2 Inches by 17 inches and 7 feet
P
SUP
HACK FOB DEHOBNINQ.
For
long is used for the bottom,
stanchions in front use one board 2
Inches by 10 inches, 5 feet 6 Inches
long; one board 2 inches by 10 Inches,
feet 2 inches long. For back gate
use two pieces 2 inches by 12 Inches. 4
feet 4 inches long, cut sloping to tit the
frame. It is put on with hinges. The
stanchions in front are bolted at the
bottom between a 2 inches by 4 inch
piece, and the sill, leaving a space up
and down in front 5 inches wide. Two
and a half feet from the bottom of the
stanchion slope, cut a place for the
animal's neck. The 2 inches by 2 Inch
oak piece is bolted to the side of the
cap with blocks to allow the top of
the stanchions to open and close and
werk with a lever. The lever, which
can be made of wagon tire. Is 5 feet (1
Inches long. A %-inch hole Is punched
In the top of tlie lever, a second hole
K', Vj inches from top hole, and the
third hole 11 inches from second hole,
l'he upper hole is for attachment of two
Iron straps, one on each side, which
Rr* fastened to the left hand stanchion.
From the lower hole two pieces of Iron
14 inches long go to the right hand
stanchion. When the stanchions are
closed bore one or two half-inch holes
in post back of lever, in which to use
au iron pin to hold the stanchions In
place.—Montreal Star.
Water and Salt for Cows,
Eight gallons of water a day Is the
average quantity required for a cow,
and the milk given,is about 87 per cent
water. In some pastures there !s no
water, the cows being supplied night
' ...........' ' '' * ............*'
and morning, which forces such cow to
drink four gallons at a time in order
to be supplied. As the cow does not
know that she must drink' four gallons,
she may use less, and she will reduce
her milk supply accordingly.
Extensive tests and investigations
have been made by the experiment sta
tions to determine the advisability of
adding salt to the ration of dairy
COWSi "^ s a resu '* these ti ials. It is
recommended that dairy cows lie given
nt least one ounce of salt per day. Ex
ceptionally heavy milkers will require
more than this. The uniform results
obtained with all cows employed in
these trials indicate that salt in addi
tion to that obtained In their food is
absolutely essential to the continued
health of a dairy cow, while producing
milk. It Is evident, moreover, that
the amount of salt which must be sufi
plied directly will greatly vary In dif
ferent localities. It being more at high
elevations and at places remote from
the sea.—Agricultural Epitomist.
A Kettle Support.
At butchering time and whenever
water is to be heated it is a bother to
set the kettle or to hang It with chains.
A simple hoop
with three or four
legs welded on,
saves the time aud
trouble. Any black
smith will make it
for a few cents if
you furnish an old
kettle hoop. cart tire for hoops
and legs. Order the legs the right
length to hold the kettle just high
enough. It is easily moved then from
house to barn, or to a neighbor's.—
Farm and Home.

tho dew tor lts wauts ' and ap ^ eal8 to
the faruier for planÜQ£ d " riQ *
• ea60a -
Kaffir Corn In Mexico.
Kaffir corn is being cultivated suc
cessfully la the State of Oaxaca, Mex
ico, and its cultivation is to he extend
ed. This corn, which is a native of
Egypt, requires only the moisture of
Treatment of the Soli.
We have but little more definite
knowledge of the soil and the principles
involved in its treatment than we had
sixty years ago, says the Scientific
American. Fertility is not nitrogen,
phosphorus, and potassium alone,
though the potential value of any field,
or State, or country, from the agricul
tural standpoint, is measured by these
constituent elements in its soil ; yet It
has been demonstrated that soils which
contain an abundance of these elements,
and which are potentially capable of
producing crops for centuries perhaps,
are not capable of producing profitable
crops without the addition of further
amounts of these constituents. The
chemical investigator Is, therefore, com
pelled to take into consideration other
facts than this. He must, If he would
cover the whole field, know something
of geology, of botany, of physics, of
biology, of bacteriology, and of the
other natural sciences, because chem
istry alone is not capable of fully com
passing the problem ; thus, the oppor
tunity for specializing In any branch
has been very great, and it Is because
of the broadness of the subject, and
the opportunity, as already pointed out,
and the necessity, also, for giving Imme
diate help from the knowledge that we
have that has prevented in a degree a
broad study of the fundamentals essen
tial for enabling genuine progress to be
made.
Alfalfa a Swine Tonic.
Raising 1,000 hogs a year without
e\er having any sign of cholera In the
herd is the claim put forth by M. Bar
ber of Bloomington, Neb. He makes a
specialty of this industry and has 300
acres of alfalfa, where the hogs are
raised.
"My hogs are raised In the field from
the time they are pigs till they are
about 8 months old, when 1 put them
on a feed of corn," said Mr Barber to
a representative of the Kansas City
Drovers' Telegram. "If fed In summer
time I soak the corn. But the alfalfa
is the most important feed they get,
and is the one great thing that keeps
them healthy all the year around. In
all the years that I have been raising
and handling hogs In this way, I never
had a case of hog cholera on my farm.
This is due to the alfalfa, which keeps
the- hogs healthy."
NEW CHURN.
Improved Ratter Churn.
The old-fashioned hand butter churn,
so long associated with fresh air and
country life, seems destined to be
overtaken Jay other
up to date churns
and which require
less labor to oper
ate. The old-fash
ioned churn was a
clumsy affair, and
not a little "elbow
grease" was re
quired to manipu
late it. In the il
lustration is shown
oue of newer hand
churns, which nevertheless contains
most of the principles of the older
churns. The only change Is in the
application of the power mechanism.
In this machine the power is so placed,
that little effort is required to operate
it. A foot pedal Is added, and the
hand power is entirely different from
the old method. Instead of forcing the
paddle up from the churn after every
descent with the hands, springs are
placed beneath the hand grips which
do the forcing automatically. It would
he possible to operate this churn and.
at the same time read a book or news
paper.
Yonne: Farmer« Going to Cltien.
A recent news telegram from York,
Pa., says: "With the return to the
county commissioners to-day of the last
registry assessor's book it was shown
by the totals that the population of
voters In the county has decreased in
six months nearly 400. The shrinkage
in the male population Is attributed by
tlie commissioners to the desertion of
the farms by young men, most of whom
have been lured to Philadelphia and.
other cities under the impression that
they can speedily make fortunes.
"In the borough of Red Lion sixty
voters have gone to the city within six
months. The decrease in population 1»
greater than in the boroughs. The total
registration iu the boroughs and town
ships of the county last spring was 22,
802. The present registration «hows
388 less."
Renovating Worn Soils.
Prof. W. J. Spillman, in bulletin No.
245 on the renovation of woruout soils,
says :
"To build up and maintain fertility
In the soil, feed a large part of the
crops, and return the manure to the
land. If manure is not available, plow
under crops grown for the purpose.
Plow deep, but do not subsoil. Grow
leguminous crops for the nitrogen they
add to the soil.
"Commercial fertilizers and lime may
be important means of improving the
soil but the fertilizer requirements of
different soils and different crops In
different seasons are so little under
stood that we are not yet in a position
to make positive recommendations that
are of general application."
The Decline ot the Peach.
The Introduction of new varieties,
budding, and the attacks of Insects, a*
well as diseases formerly unknown,
have curtailed the usefulness of th*
peach tree ap.d confined It to certain
localities. Budding or grafting th«
trees, whether apple, peach or pear, 1*
now but a reproduction of the original
variety, and may introduce all the Im
perfections aa well as the advantage*
of the variety, to every portion of th*
country.

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