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EHOMll RICH PLUME IS» America Soon. To ot reoanera Used Wimm Its Borders The wise end daring Investors who transplanted ostrich farming from Af rica to the United States are congratu lating themselves now. They are reap ing . a harvest now, such as perhaps they never dreamed of, for the plumes of the gawky bird are at the top wave of popularity that has lasted ever 6lnce the days when Gainsborough painted bis world-famous beauties with huge hats covered with ostrich feathers. Since that day, if not before it, in fact, the ostrich plume has lain very close to the feminine heart, but its Vogue this year surpasses all records. The fair votary of Dame Fashion may array herself in all that Is beauti ful and costly, her dress may be purest ■ilk, her fingers blaze with diamonds, her coat be precious fur, but she is not happy unless the whole be surmounted by a picture hat, with two, three, or perhaps four superb ostrich plumes. It ia almost Impossible for milliners to meet the demand for high-grade feath ers, and if they were dependent solely ou the stock imported from Africa, it would be quite out of the question, but the American ostrich farms at Pasa dena, Jacksonville and Phoenix have flourished, and the big bird has proved himself such a flourishing American that a large part of the supply is now ■ home product The modern society woman spends more money on her hats than ever be fore, for the reason that with shopping, calling, driving and lunching, she has her hat on most of the day, and natur ally must make it the crowning glory of her costume. Fifty dollars Is no un common cost for a hat trimmed with only modest feathers, and the particu lar customer, who seeks, for example, a plume, say twenty-four inches long, must not be surprised if called upon to pay $80 for the feathers alone, with out taking Into account the cost of the other materials and the making. But It Is not alone the member of the four hundred who dons the feather of the ostrich. Women In more moderate circumstances can get a very luxurious effect from a feather that costs less than $10. In fact a milliner will say that there Is no form of headwear In which such good results can be obtain ed as from ostrich feathers. The world's total supply of ostriches Is now said to be about 380,000 birds. All but 20,000 of these are In Africa, the native country of the biggest birds. The stock is not decreasing, for it Is one of the good fortunes of the ostrich that to take his feathers does not cause his death. The feathers would drop off themselves If not removed, and there Is nothing painful about the lat ter operation, though the vanity of the bird that is being robbed of its chief ornament makes him resent the pro cess. The ostrich Is too valuable a bird to be ill used, for on the average they are worth $800 per pair, and each one will produce some sixty dollars' worth of feathers every year. Hence it will be seen that the owner has the strong est motives of self-interest to take care of the birds. The feathers are never plucked till they are ripe. It Is only a little more than two decades ago since the first ostriches were brought Into the United States with the serious purpose of attempting their culture here. Before that time CONVICTS TAKING DALLY EXERCISE LN AN ENGLISH PRISON. ara Km SHi m me ■ '/ This Interesting photograph shows the scene in the prison yard at Wormwood Scrubs, England, when the conviets are taking their dally exercise. The men are taken out in squads. It will be noted that the walks In the yard are so laid out in serpentine manner that they never cross. Every convict has to start In at one end and follow the windings of the walk until he reaches the only ones seen In Uncle Sam's realm had been adjuncts to circuses. When the experiment was first at tempted there were many misgivings as to what success would attend the venture. It had been the accepted opinion that the birds would not thrive anywhere save in the Dark Continent This doubt has passed away, for not a single one of the farms Is a loser, and some are yielding a considerable profit. Outside of the first cost of the birds, ostrich farming is not a costly ven ture. The food bill Is not a big one, and a farm of a couple of hundred acres is big enough to take care of as many birds as any farmer would want to handle. The herds have to be kept In Inclosures, for while many of them become tame, others never lose their wildness and tendency to pugnacity. The ostrich in this country is feel ing so much at home that It Is more than a dream of the future that nine tenths of the plumes nodding over the American woman's hat will some day be the product of her own country. ORIGIN OF THE KTSfl !«■ EarUMt Form—The Careea of the Ancient Indian*. At a recent session of the American Oriental Society Prof. Hopkins of Yale read a paper on "The Sniff Kiss In An cient India." Reduced to its founda tion, the paper was a history of the kiss as we know it The learned Orientalist traced It from Its birth and proved that the earliest peoples and earliest times knew It not That there might be no mistake he labelled the kiss of to-day "the genuine kiss" and "the perfect kiss." Oddly enough, he finds that the genu ine kiss was Invented by a woman. The description is given in the epic of an cient India which treats of the science of love. "She laid her mouth on my mouth," recites the poet, "and made a noise which gave me pleasure." "The early peoples," declared Prof. Hopkins, "knew nothing of the kiss in any form. Had they known of it they would have told something of It In the mass of records that has come down to us, for surely an act whloh conveys such pleasure could not have been for gotten. "Even to this day there are races that do not kiss. The Mongolians and certain of the tribes In central Asia do not osculate, and the Esquimaux, we are told, employ the kiss only as a prophylactic. "The earliest form of the kiss Is that which wo know as the sniff kiss. Tills is a smelling, usually of the head. The father of a new-born son sniffed his head that his days might be long and that honors might come to him. Returning from a journey, he sniffed the heads of his children in the same manner. "Gradually with this sniff kiss there came also a caress, a touching usually of the head. Gradually, also, the en dearment came to be applied to others than children. The rubbing of noses, which has persisted in some tribes, was probably an Intermediate process in the evolution. "With the development of the genu the other end. These fellows get coffee and bread for breakfast and supper and the same for dinner, with pota to^ s and a bit of meat added. It does not seem likely that the men can hanker for much exercise on such fa-re, but It Is compulsory. Wormwood Scrub» 1» «ailed tie. greatest penal Institution in England. ine kiss the sniff kiss disappeared, nev er to reappear. It had served its pur pose r.nd soon was forgotten." Thus the sniff kiss proves the mother and father of all kisses. Blessed be the sniff kiss.—Philadelphia North American. MAN'S ACTIVITIES. Agriculture Holds the Lending Plato« Among Them. At the annual banquet of the Amerl eus Club of Pittsburg. In honor of the birth of U. S. Grant, Secretary of Agri culture James Wilson, Congressman Grant Mouser of Ohio and Washington Gardner of Michigan were the chief speakers. Wilson spoke on "Agricul ture in Our Industries." He said In part : "Agriculture is a creative force among our industries. The result of the farmers' work of 1900 was $6,794, 000,000, an increase of 44 per cent over the last census year. We exported in 1906 $1,718,000,000 worth of goods of all kinds, and of this 72 per cent was grown from farms and forests. Ani mals and their products yielded $323, 000,000, or 19 per cent, for export af ter supplying the home demand. Cot ton and cotton products exported were $481.000,000, or 28 per cent; grain and j products sold abroad were $197,000,-1 000, or 11.5 per cent; and $113,000,000, | or 6.5 per cent, was miscellaneous farm products. "Forest products are 7.5 per cent of our exports. We use tobacco extensive ly and pay around $3,000,000 for Im portations from Cuba and Sumatra, Porto Rico, Mediterranean countries and Brazilian ports. We raised Su matra wrappers last year to the extent of $7,000,000 worth. The department, after discovering principles, conducts object lessons on the farms of the peo ple to help them toward better things. "We found in the Connecticut valley and In Florida the same soil that grows the wrapper tobacco In Sumatra, arter visiting that country and studying their methods and soils. We found In Ala bama and Texas the same soil that pro duces the filler tobacco in Cuba, after 11 onof*the"appendIx" "bu MiTthese days ' of vulgar eoualitv even the wnm»n tn^ t!h T * t „ I when she Is ask'e/when P fi ^ ? ger l * , p B ldw J must find j a new disease Into whose domain the j grea unwas ed have not yet found er way. learning what soil Is suitable, and last year raised 400 acres of It in those States. We hope in time to grow all the tobacco now Imported from Cuba "to and Sumatra Into the United States." NO LONGER GOOD FORM. People In Rlsh Society Bar Appendi citis la Vnlgar Dlsense. The fashionable valetudinarian Is threatened with a distinct bereave ment. Appendicitis has been declared to be bad form, and those who wish to preserve a true social eminence must on no account suffer from It There i was a time when only the educated suf- ; fered from appendicitis, because only : the educated knew the anatomical posi . 1 n eastern scribe has made inquiries from prominent physicians and the worst rumors are confirmed. One great authority admits that but few opera- j tlons are now necessary, and that "we ! are glad to send our patients from the j surgical to the medical ward, where ! hot fomentations and a milk diet are 1 prescribed." j A well-known nursing sister said frankly that appendicitis has become ' unfashionable, and she added unkindly 1 that fashions In the medical world vary ! as much as In the showrooms of a styi- ! Ish dressmaker. A well-known surgeon ! admitted that "appendicitis has follow- J ed the example of all fashionable crazes and Is dying a natural death, and for' no other reason than that the laundry lady has dared to Imitate the duchess. "Needless to say, I am not alluding ; to genuine cases of the disease, but be- j cause the fashionable Illness has been! pronounced unfashionable the large j contingent of hysterical patients have turned their attention to the creation of Borne new complaint." Perhaps It would help a little In get ting rid of the pest If every one In-. clnded In his spring medicine a llttl dandelion tea. SCIENCE BENEFICIAL BUT SECRETARY WILSON SAYS GOVERNMENT IS SLOW. Government Scientists Are Doing Great Work for Nation—Reap Some of the Benefits—Are Given Patent Rights So Far as They Apply to Foreign Lands. "Millions of dollars—in fact, a sum so vast that it cannot be estimated— have been saved to the American peo ple by discoveries made by govern ment scientists during the fiscal year which has just closed," declared Sec retary Wilson, in speaking of the rec ord of the department of agriculture for the year. "Time alone must de velop the importance to the world of the experiments being conducted every day by these men, whose only reward is in the passing fame attained in re porting valuable finds. There could j be money in many of these discoveries if the scientists were to patent them | in their own names, but in every case the people as a whole are the benefi ciaries, for the patents are dedicated to the government, to be used by the United States or any of its officers or employes in the prosecution of the work for the United States, or by any person in the United States without the payment of 'royalty.' " Secretary Wilson feels that the rec ognition by the government of these discoveries is far too meager, but he does not hesitate to give to the scien tist this little help whenever he feels that, it is merited. Whenever a valu able discovery, warranting a United States patent, is made by an employe of the department of agriculture, the secretary advances the salary of the employe as much as it is possible to do under the law. The patent is tak en out in this country in the name for his property. His claims lie in the | ' hcart of the Copper mountain district, and com l ,rise 160 acres, and contain ! I some of the biggest bodies of copper in I l lhe distrlct - °®« vein of copper which ! cut S(luare by a canyon j the hills is not less than 90 feet in j width> an(1 there are at ]east flve nar . ! rower veins across the grounds. Sev-' 'on vonrt no r, — '—* of the scientist making the discovery . ,. . .. «„V, i, fi, f . If dlSCOVery ie «plicable "to use in a foreign country the scien tist is authorized to receive the bene fit, but usually the patent is of a char acter designed to meet conditions in the United States and of little use elsewhere. MINES AND MINING. Refusing a cash offer of $125,000 made Montana Copper people, John i Cunningham shears sheep for a grub ; s,ake and continues at work alone on : b * s i fda ' ms - Tie holds out for $250,000 1 en years ago John Cunningham locat- j e d these claims. Since that time he has sheared sheep for a few months in ; the summer and has worked on the j j claims the balance of the year with the ! money earned through shearing sheep, j Conconully, Wash.—John M. Went ! worth of Loomis has unearthed what 1 is regarded as a promising gold mine, j The mine is located in the Horse Spring coulee, about seven miles east ' ot Loomis, in a mineral producing 1 country. Wentworth has an option on ! T be property and is making arrange ! Inen ts to develop it at once. ! Burke, Idaho.—Another car of gold J and antimony ore has been shipped by tlie Stanley mine here to the White Metal company of Granite City, 111 . j The ore in this car assayed an aver a se of $25.20 In gold and about 400 per ; cent antimony. It is said that the, j wb jte Metal company has agreed to pay tdle stanlc y people 15 cents a j I10und f° r the ore as it is placed on board tbe car at this town. berta, is preparing to increase its force A conlract closed with the Canadian Pacific Railway company for Its en tire output of coal, the,International Coal & Coke company of Coleman, Al of men which will double the output of the mines. A new company has taken a bond on the old North Star mine on Pollock mountain near Council, Idaho, and will begin development work on the property. Workmen on the Belmont mine, own ed by Coeur d'Alene, Idaho, and Boise, Idaho, men, bloke into a Hind lead or the mine near Cambridge, Idaho, sev eral days ago, the strike showing rich cilver-lend values. Following the strike of ere at the Montana- •hanbard property at Mullan, Idaho, a few day3 ago» the manage-1 ment of the mire is preparing lo ertetjeent a 200-ton mill, and to increase its force cf men. A surveyor is at the property to establish a starting point for a raise to the second level. A strike was made in the Great, Western mine near Murray, Idaho, few days ago, which shows two and one-half feet of galena, one-half of which is considered of shiping grade. The ciscovery was made in a shaft which the company had sunk about 12 feet. The 100-foot tunnel had been started, hut had missed the vein, and . a siiaft vas thru sn-iii, when the ore i was encountered. ' irant Childers was killed and Bee ' IIail was seriously injured by a recent explosion in the Mono mine, 10 miles northwest of Yreka, Cal., Childers and Hall, who belonged to the second shift of the mine, accidentally drilled into'cil the blast that had been set by a pre ceding shift, and which had failed to | explode. / ! SPOKANE. Prices Paid to Producers. Live stock—Steers, $4.50@5 cwt; cows, $firstname.lastname@example.org cwt; sheep, $email@example.com cwt; hogs, $firstname.lastname@example.org cwt; mutton, 8c lb; veal 6%@6%c lb; veal, fancy, small, No. 1, 7@8c lb; fancy large, 5@ tic lb; pork, 8%@9c lb. Poultry and Eggs—Live hens, 13c lb; live spring chickens. 15@16c; live roosters, 10c; dressed hens, 15c; ducks live, 14o; dressed, 16c; turkeys, live. 18c; dressed, 20c; fresh ranch eggs, $email@example.com case. Creamery product, f. o. b. Spokane— First grade creamery butter fat. 25%c. Hides—Green, 7c lb; salted, 1c high er; dry hides, 16@17c; calfskins, green. 8@9c; cows, 6c; kip, 8c lb; sheepskins, 50c@$1.25. Feed Timothy hay, $20@21 ton; al falfa hay, $16 ton; whole barley, 95c@ $1.05 cwt; wheat, $firstname.lastname@example.org cwt. Wholesale Produce Prices, Vegetables—Asparagus, 6c; green onions, 25c doz bunches; turnips, 30@ 40c doz bunches; hothouse lettuce, 20c; tomatoes, $2.75@3 crate; rhu barb, $1.25 crate; cauliflower. $2.50 doz; cucumbers, $1.50 doz; potatoes, $1.75 cwt; new potatoes, $3.50 cwt; beets, $3.50 cwt; Walla Walla beets. 40c doz bunches; carrots, 40c doz; W. W. beans, 16c lb; radishes, 30@35c doz; strawberries, $2.50; Hood Rivers, $3 crate; parsley, 40@50c doz; green gooseberries, $email@example.com crate; pine apples, $3@3.ä5doz; hotbed lettuce, 12%c lb; Snake river cherries, $1.50 a crate; peaches, $firstname.lastname@example.org a box; apri cots, $2.50 a box. Oranges—$email@example.com; according to size; seedling oranges, $3.75@4 case; lemons, fancy, $firstname.lastname@example.org case; Calif |°mia cantaloups $email@example.com crate; Brape fnllt - $3.50@4; dried figs, 80@ 9 p c; 10-lb box; tigs in bulk, 7c lb; b ' ack fl «s, 10-lb packages, 90c; golden mixtes, 7c; bananas, $2.7503.25 bunch; raisins, fancy, 12@13c; raisins, bula, 10c lb; currants, 12% lb; cherries $1 @ 2 box l P ine apples, $3@4. Butter and Eggs—Local eggs, case, FINE ARTS FOR NATION. Movement for a Great Department of the Capital. New York—The development of art in the United States is forecasted in a movement which has begun through out the country for the establishment at Washington of a national depart ment of fine arts, the head of which shall be a member of the cabinet. Plans for the national department of fine arts, which have just become public, include the establishment of an athaneum, which shall have con trol over a school of arts, and a con servatory of music and the erection of art galleries by the government in many cities throughout the country. Five large colleges are behind the movement, which is being directed by several leading architects in the United States. Senator Newlands of Nevada, it is said, will bring up a bill for the establishment of an art de parement at the next session of con gress if those who are interested in the fine arts movement believe that the time is ripe for seeking congres sional action. ------------------ $6; best creamery butter, 27c lb; Columbia Creamery butter, 26c lb.; cheese, twins, 17c lb; Wisconsin loaf Swiss, 18c lb; limburger bricks, 18c lb; cream brick, 20c lb; Wisconsin twins, 18c lb; Tillamook, 17c Vegetables—Potatoes, $1.25 cwt. Sugar—$6.40 per 100 lbs; beet, $6.25. Seed—Red clover, $15.50; choice; $16.50; Kentucky bluegrass, $17@1S cwt; timothy, $firstname.lastname@example.org cwt; white clover, $20; alfalfa, $IS; Kentucy blue grass, $20. Judge Loving Freed. Houston, Va. —After being out 3E minutes, the jury returned a verdict of "not guilty" in the case of former Judge William G. Loving of Nelson, manager of the Virginia estate of Thomas F. Ryan, who was placed on trial for the murder of Theodore Estes, son of Sheriff M. K. Estes of Nelson county. Judge Loving shot and killed young Estes April 22 at Oakrldge, fol lowing a buggy ride Estes had taken with the judge's daughter, Miss Eliz abeth Loving, who told her father that her escort had assaulted her. Arizona Town Burned. Fire has burned 100 buildings in Bis bee, Arizano, including 20 boarding and lodging houses. The fire started trom a gasoline explosion. The loss is estimated at $200,000r about 40 per of which is insured Telegraphers to Arbitrate. Arbitration is again under way in the fight between the Western Union Telegraph company* and the Commer cial Telegraphers' union as the result of a visit to New York recently by Commissioner of Labor Neill, represen tative of President Roosevelt, in an ef fort to bring about peace. Curfard Longshoreman Quit. The longshoremen on the docks of the Cuntird line steamers struck when tj-e Umbria, from Liverpool, docked in New York. The men demanded 60 cents an hour for Sunday work, which was promptly refused. Age,d Theater Manager Dies. Hubert Heuck, the theatrical man ager. died recently at his home in Cin cinnari, aged 73 years. He was one of the originators of the idea of circuit 'bookings oi attractions, and is respon silale for the Empire circuit in the bur lesque field. Drummers Elect N. VV. Peebles. Columbus, t>hio—The supreme coun of United Commercial Travelers has adjourned. N. W. Peebles of New York was elected past supreme coun cilor. ICEWAGON DRIVERS AND GAR BAGE MEN STRIKE IN N. Y. Great Fear of Epidemic From Heaps of Garbage—Nearly 800 Cartloads a Day and Six Days Behind Now— 1500 Men Contrated for in Philadel phia—Disinfectants Scattered. New York City is experiencing an impressive demonstration as to what extent the comfort of the millions is dependent upon the handful, compara tively, of citizens ordinarily engaged in collecting garbage and delivering ice. Two thousand garbage collectors and an equal number of ice wagon drivers are on strike anu the city is in peril of an epidemic of disease. The garbage situation is the more serious and unless speedily remedied the possibility of evil is startling. Nearly 755 carts are required to re move each day's accumulation, and the work is six days behind. The fehief difficulty encountered by the health department is that the men who work for wages cannot honorably take the places of strikers. Three dollars a day and permanent employ ment is offered, but has attracted few. Efforts to get men from other cities have now been made and recruits are piomised from Philadelphia. The healt- department took hold late Friday and since has used its police powers vigorously and its emer gency fund of $85,000 without stint, but so far has been unable to meet condi tions effectually. The officials of the board of health intimated that private citizens would be doing a public duty if they became garbage collectors. The mayor has de clared that the law does not permit dealing with civil service employes who are on strike, and the street cleaning department has refused to formally entertain the demands of the men. It was intimated that a settle ment might be arranged legally. Demands of the Men. The men hold to their original de mands, the most Important of which are: 1— That 48 hours constitute a week's work and that overtime be paid at the rate of 25 cents per hour. 2— That no fines be imposed without the oportunity for a hearing. 3— That a system of suspension be practiced instead of fines. Monday the situation grew hourly worse. What work was done was in the vicinity of Chinatown, on the east side. Meantime the waste accumu lated in other streets. In places re fuse was piled high and elsewhere strewn from curb to curb. Unable to do better, the health squads scattered disinfectants through miles of high ways, hoping to hold in check disease breading germs. NEW DEFENSE FOR CRIME. Psychic Epilepsy Is the Unique Plea. Dr. Elmore E. Elliott of New York has escaped the meshes of the law through a uniqile plea. He had been arrested for brutally assaulting, with out provocation, a man and his wife on the public street. Psychic epilepsy, defined as acute epilepsy, without any external manifestations, was the de fense successfully offered. Dr. Elliott in his own behalf, testi fied that he had been subject to at tacks of psychic epilepsy since child hood, and that during these attacks he had no knowledge of his acts or recollection of them upon recovery. Medical testimony was offered to sustain tIiis plea, and the prisoner was discharged. Lawyers who heard the defense and members of the district attorney's staff continued to discuss Dr. Elliott's strange statement long after the phy sician had left court.. They agreed that its scope was practically limitless and asserted that psychic epilepsy would undoubtedly prove a successful defense even for murder. "It is the best defense I ever heard ind the best defense in the world, 1 ' said Assistant District Attorney Turn bull. "No man could be held account able for any act if it could be shown he suffered from this strange disease." AUTO DIVES INTO LAKE. Gees Over Embankment Over Forty Feet High. Ortonville, Minn.—July 1.—While going at a high rate of speed an auto mobile containing three persons sud denly swerved and went over a sheer embankment of 40 feet into Big Stone lake. One of the passengers was prob ably fatally hurt. Those in the automobile were Chas. and Walter Bueholz, prominent mer chants of Appleton, and a 3 year old son of Walter. They were driving along the lake shore road, which at the point where the accident hopened runs along the edge of a bluff. At the higM est point the machine suddenly got be yond the control of the driver, swerved and went directly over the embank ment. The heavy car did not turn over as it fell, but landed in 20 feet of water. Charles was struck by the steering wheel and received internal injuries which may prove fatal. Wal ter was badly cut and bruised and Is in a serious condition. The boy es caped unhurt. A gasoline launch was near the scene of the accident, and those aboard hi stened to rescue the automobiliste who otherwise might have been drowned.