Newspaper Page Text
House.... Second street, opposite Western News office. PMU *X! EDISON Phonographs and Records. Phonographs, $10, $20, $30, $50 ......Records, 35 Cents Each........ Come and let us play one for you Auto-Pianos'. Pianos, Sewing Machines. Phonographs so d on installments of $1 per week or $5 per month. Hamilton CONCRETE! Works I MANUFACTURERS OF Concrete Building Blocks Chimney Blochs Sewer and Culvert Pipe Sidewalks Laid and Concrete Work of any Kind Estimates and Prices FURNISHED ON APPLICATION. ITEN a YOST, PROPS. NORTH FIRST ST. HAMILTON PROFESSIONAL CARDS. ÇEO. MoGRATH, M. D. O. M. Graduate of Queen College. MEDALIST IN MEDICINE , SURGERY and OBSTETRIC: Office over Ravalli OountvBank. Hamilton. - - Montan ■ H ERBEUT BRETHOUR, M. B.. M. D.. O. M. Graduate of University of Toronù IPost Graduate in Diseases of Woo., and Children. OFFIOK—Opposite Ravalli Oountv Bank. RESIDENCE— Ravalli Hotel. MAMII.TON. - - - MONTAN D R. F. E. BUCHEN, PHYSICIAN and SURGEON , Office over Ravalli County Bank. Hamilton. Montana G. H. SCHWAB VETERINARY SURHÉON AND DENTIST. Office at Lockwood Stable. Residence in Hart Addition.^ 'Phone 2(irn HAMILTON, - - MONTANA HRS. M. HINCHCL1FF PRACTICAL MIDWIFE AND NURSE THIRTY-SIX YEARS EXPERIENCE Residence on North Third Street. W. P. BAKER ATTORNEY AT LAW • —Probate Business a Specialty— OFFICES IN COURT HOUSE HAMILTON : : : : MONTANA The. Cottage Hotel Un-ii i the New Management IDs Hi - i; Completely Keno vntei- and Remodelled. Clean Comfortable Beds Board by the Day 01 Week. A share of tlie Public Patronage Solicited. SINGLE MEALS 25 CENTS. W. D. WILSON, Prop. HAMILTON - - - MONTANA. SHERIFF SALE. The Union Central Life Insurance com Î any. a corporation, plaintiff, versus John . Smith Mary A? Smith. James Mize and Jennie Mize défendants. To he sold at sheriff sale: On the 20th day of July A. D . 1907, at 10 o'clock a, m., at the front dohr of the court house, in the Town of Hamilton. County of Ravalli, State of Montana, the following described real pro ^The northwest ijua/ter of section fifteen (15) in township eight, north of range nine teen (19). west of the Montana meridian and situated in the Cou ty of Ravalli. State of Montana. Dated this 24th day of June, 1907. C. W. WARD. Sheriff of Ravalli County, Montana. By THOMAS.I HEELING. UuderSheritf 36-4t A National Highway From Coast to Coast How the Cumberland Road and the Santa Fe Trail Are to Be Restored First Step hi the Important Undertaking Is Representative Pearre's Blit Now Before Congress—American Appian Way From Atlantic to Pacific the Ultimate Outcome—Romance and Past Qiories that Cling to Old Cumberland Road. Bright Future Predicted For It T HAT the time is fast approaching when the necessity for good roads In America will be a na tional Issue is apparent from the discussion of the subject, which is growing louder each day In all parts of the United States, says the Kansas City Star. Cities are looking carefully to their street paving, counties and states are talking more about their roads, and now the subject of a nation al highway has reached congress. The creation of the American Appian way, beginning at Washington on At lantic tidewater, following the trail of the historic national pike through the passes of the Appalachians and across the Ohio through the great middle west to St. Louis, and then in two great boulevards on to the Pacific, one of which will cross Montana to Pngot sound and the other over the Santa Fe trail to San Francisco, will be the mag nificent fruition of plans the first ten tative steps of whleh have been taken in the introduction of a bill In congress by Representative George Pearre of PENN. OHIO * 1ND to THE NATIONAL ROA1) FROM WASHINGTON TO ST. LOUIS AND A VIEW OF THE SANTA FK TRAIL OF THE OLD DAYS. Maryland for an appropriation for the ! . restoration of the monuments and ! landmarks and the reconstruction of j I tlie ancient Cumberland road that by I its building made an empire possible. Pledged to the support of this bill are the rapidly growing automobile as sociations of the United States, and the strong good roads organizations, fast Increasing in membership, are giving hearty co-operation to the project. America's First Roadmckers. Save to the historian and those who j live along the dusty thread of macad am that binds together Washington ■ and St. Louis, tlie story of tlie old na- ; tional pike is an unknown chapter to ! the present generation, yet the flavor of romance, the memory of almost for gotten glories, of a noble, ambitious mission successfully accomplished, j clings to every hoary monument of that ancient nigUway. And tlie word "ancient" is used ad visedly, for the route is prehistoric. Centuries before the daring ships ol' Raleigh or Smith touched the coast of the new world, dong before the Indians had invaded America over the van ished land bridge at Bering strait, ages before the. mound builders had left their yet uudeciphered messages, count less herds of bison roamed tlie eon inent. In their migrations they were America's fi r st roadmakers, and they 1 did their work so well that a map of their trails and "traces" would be a ; duplicate of the great highway and railway systems of the present day. j The national pike, or the Cumber j land road, as* it was popularly called, ' was first a buffalo track worn deep j across the Appalachians by the pound ; ing hoofs of millions of bi-'on. When the Indians came they followed this I same trail in their hunting excursions and war expeditions, retreating over it to the west before the ever advancing, relentless frontier of the white man. Over this path came the Anglo-Saxon hunter and trapper, followed timidly and falteringly by the homemaker, until at last the tide of emigration ! poured in a deluge through the moun ! tain passes to the land of promise. To supply the trade demands of this ; growing western population In the ear \ ly days long trains of pack ponies picked their way to and fro over the old Cumberland trail from the Poto mac to the headwaters of the Ohio, to be displaced as increasing commerce and traffic widened the track Into a road by the great Conestoga freight wagons and speeding mail coaches of t».e early days of the century, In turn to vanish when the steam railroad ac complished the supposedly Impossible feat of climbing the mountains. Every mile of the old Cumberland road is historic ground, consecrated by the bleeding feet of heroic nation build ers. Over it toiled the young survey or, Washington, nursing dreams of empire in his prophetic vision. Later over this same route tramped the scar let coated British grenadiers, led by the boastful Braddoek, whose grave is still greeu beside the deep trail cut by the ponderous army wagons of his ill starred expedition. After the colonies had achieved their independence the Braddoek road was the pathway over which the veterans of the Revolution plodded painfully to take up even a gr eater work in the settlement of Ohio, Kentucky and Indiana—Virginia's im perial gift to the infant republic. Discontent, deep seated and hitter, followed tlie rapid settlement of tlie transappalachian country. Despised, ridiculed and neglected by the tide water patricians in control of tlie fed eral government, the settlers of the western valleys turned In almost justi fiable treason to the support of the conspiracy of Burr, involving the pa thetic tragedy of Blennerhassctt. An Independent republic or group of re publics in tlie great central west seem ed a certainty. Roud Healed the Breach. At this grave crisis in tlie affairs of the young republic farsighted states men united in a successful demand for a great road that would pierce the mountain barriers and hind together forever tlie states of tlie Atlantic sea board and tlje vast empire of the Mis sissippi valley. In 1K02 President Jef ferson signed the bill for the survey of tlie national pike from Cumberland to ,the headwaters of the Ohio. The flfst contract was awarded in 1811, and in 1818, the year of its completion, a flood of traffic of unexpected propor tions began to pour over the new high way. The nation's first great problem of secession had been met and solved. In 1825 began the extension of tlie na tional pike from Wheeling to St Louis, through the seats of government of the states of Ohio, Indiana and Illinois. The reconstruction of the old national road will resurrect in a measure the ▼finished glories of the famous stage coach days when John Bunting. Jim Reynolds, Billy Armour, Dave Gordon, Jim Burr and a host of other forgotten heroes of the road handled the lines over mettlesome horses, with the sat isfying consciousness that in popular estimation they divided honors with men whose names are now Imperlsha bly embalmed in history. Famous Taverns ol the Old Days. Scattered along the old road at fre quent intervals were the taveftis, the nerve centers of the highway. Many of them were famous hostelries In their day, but their glory has long de parted. Only a few remain, quaint and moss covered monuments of the past. Here and there along the pike the old buildings lie in ruins, and in / many Instances others have been con verted into farmhouses. It is expect ed that with the reconstruction of the old road many of these ancient taverns will be rebuilt, restoring the most pic turesque feature of the life of the old turnpike. The first taverns along the route were built of logs and consisted of only two rooms and a great fireplace, before which the tired travelers slept In their blankets, curled up on the pnneheon floors. Their evolution into more pretentious structures came with the Increase of traffic, and In the palmy„<]ays of the great road they fur nished accommodations to suit the most exacting. Gathered Around Great Fire. The great fireplace was a distinctive feature of the old taverns. Some of them were capable of holding a wagon load of wood at a time, flooding tlie great room with light that made can dles unnecessary. Around the blaze gathered the merry crowd of travelers, and It was u gala event for the Inn when the centra' '' rure of the group would be Flay, Jackson, Harrison, Lin coln, Douglas, Fass or some other dis tinguished personage of the time, whose words would be treasured for years. Dickens, Mrs. Trollope, Prince Maximilian of Wield, Raflnesque, and many other travelers from Europe were guests of the old taverns and have left entertaining accounts of their impressions. At the side of the old fireplace lmng the "flip iron" and the huge poker, and sometimes the latter utensil was seven or eight feet long. Its nse wns Jealous ly guarded > < a prerogative of the tav ern landlord. None but the Innkeeper could touch the great fire, which was one of the main features of their hos pitality. Eccentric old Boss Rush, says Mr. Hurlburt In the "Historic High ways of America." kept his poker at his famous tavern at Smlthfield (Big Crossings) under lock and key. But, while the automobile and the pleasure coach may restore the old taverns to pristine glories, yet the real life of the ancient highway has passed beyond recall. The caravans of great freight wagons and long processions of mail gnd stagecoaches were pictur esque features of the old life that his tory will not repent. But the time that the life of the old highway throbbed In its greatest inten sity was when a president or a presi dent elect passed in triumphant proces sion along its dusty stretches. It was the gala day of tlie "pike hoys." All tlie taverns and houses along the route were bedecked in tlie welcome, and cheering crowds from miles around thronged the stopping places and cross roads. The finest horsed and the most gorgeous coach procurable were assign ed to the task, and the proud position of "charioteer to the president" was given to the pick of the Johns on the line, who ever afterward were marked and noted. Jackson, Van Buren, Mon roe. Harrison, Polk and Tyler passed over portions of the old road in digni fied presidential pageant, like the tri umphal Roman emperors. Clay, the great champion of the road ninl of the policy of Internal Improvements, was a favorite In every hamlet Martin Van Buren's Mishap. The opponents of internal improve ments were far from popular in this new country, as Van Buren discovered once when his coach broke down in a spot where the mud was deepest, the axle having been sawed almost in two by some waggish Whig. But tlie life on the old pike wps not without its dangers. In the wild passes of the Appalachians lurked the proto type of the modern road agent, and daring bandits frequently relieved pan ic stricken passengers of their valua bles in the good old Dick Turpin way. Fatal wrecks sometimes occurred in which coaches were hurled from high cliffs, dashing their passengers to death on the rocks below. Hastily sketched, such was the past of tlu* old national pike, which carried hundreds of thousands of population and millions of wealth into tlie west and which more than any other one tiling served to harmonize and strength en, if not to save, the Union. Of its future Mr. Hurlburt, an enthu siastic prophet, says: "It will become again the foremost of American high ways. Its historic associations will ren der tlie route of Increasing interest to the thousands who in other days will travel over those portions of the road which long ago became hallowed ground. 'The shades of death' will again be filled with the echoing horn which heralded the arrival of the old time coaches, and the winding ridge will agaiu~lie crowded with tlie traffic of a nation. A hundred Cumberland road taverns will be opened and hus tling landlords welcome as of yore the travel stained visitor. Merry parties will again till those tavern halls, now long silent, with their laughter." Historic associations are not confined entirely to the eastern end of tlie pro posed national highway. From Kan sas City to the Pacific coast the old Santa Fe trail will be the most impor taut and natural route, and where in the world is a thoroughfare with so stirring a history? There is much of historical significance to be preserved on this famous trail, and the need of a government road from coast to coast is •ver present in the minds of military commanders. The nutomobilist will hail with joy Representative Pearre's great project, and he should have the co-operation of every fnrtner and every class of citizen. Proposed Boulevard at El Pimo, Tex. Beginning at the city of El Paso, Tex., it Is proposed to build a road east to the county line, a distance of 15 A miles, with trees in the center of the highway and driveways on each side. The road. It is reported, will be made of macadam. Scoff s Emulsion strengthens enfeebled nursing mothers by increasing their flesh »nd nerve force. It provides baby ivith the necessary fat and mineral food for healthy growth. ALL DRUCSISTS: 50c. AND $1.00. FOR CRITICAL SMOKERS flor de Baltimore The Peer of Havana Cigars ON SALE EVERYWHERE! I SLEEP! SLEEPING CHILD SPRINGS Good Hotel Accommodations and Feed Stables Leave orders at F. 1,. Burns' or Cottage Hotel. Analysis shows that tho medicinal and healing properties of the waters of these Springs are unexcelled in tho entire country. Located only 3 hours drive over a good wagon road, from the Rail way station in Hamilton. Stage leaves Hamilton twice a week. Wednesdays and Saturdays. E3. F~ _ HEAVILIN, Proprietor. CITIZENS' STATE BANK Hamilton, Montana. Capital Paid In $ 30,000 J. L Humbi.b, President T. A Chaffin, Vice President O. C. Coopkk, Cashier DIRfcCTORS J. L. Humble T. A. Chaffin A. Christian K. A. O'Hara J. H. Watts A. L. Ban O . C. Cooper Transacts a General Banking Business THE NEW MODELS Are the product of the second generation of Remington genius and workmanship. They repre sent age plus youth; the experi ence of the old combined with the progressiveness of the new. SALES IN 1906 BROKE ALL RECORDS FOR 30 YEARS REMINGTON TYPEWRITER GO., 110 Washington Ht.. Spokane, Wash. MONTANA OFFICK: 109 E. Broadway. Butte, Mont . tm m a The Broadwater HELENA, MONTANA ✓ An ideal health and pleasure resort. Reopened and refurnished. The largest enclosed natatorium in the world. Private hath rooms, plunge and vapor baths. Large grounds, beautiful drives, pleasant walks, good hunting and fishing within easy reach. Rates $3.00 per day and upwards. For railway fares call on or write to Agent of Northern Pacific Railway For booklets and information address Helena Hot Springs Co., Helena, Mont. , A. M. CLELAND, General Passenger Agent, St. Paul, riinn. ..CITY DRAY.. Kleinoeder & Hobbô All work entrusted to our care wll be staedlly and satisfactorily done PRICES REASONABLE. PHONE SF. Leave Orders at F. L. Burns or J. C. Brown's Store. KILLthe cough and CURE THE LUNGS WITH Dr. King's New Discovery PRICE _ SOc A $1. OLDS Trial Bottle Free AND ALL THROAT AND LUNG TROUBLES. FOR ÇfîySJP® _ .■*»_*. .«I.». GUARANTEED SATISFACTORY OR MONET REFUNDED.