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FORM I : ! DENVER, JULY 10.—Following is the democratic national platform practically as adopted by the conven- ! tion last night. ■ , j. "We, the representatives of the de- 1 mocrac'y of the United States, in na tional convention assembled, reaffirm i our belief in, and pledge our loyalty to, the principles of the party. "We rejoice at the increasing signs | of an awakening throughout the 1 country. i "The various investigations have i traced graft and political corruption to ! the representatives of predatory wealth and laid bare the unscrupulous j methods by which they have de- j bauched elections and preyed upon a i defenseless public, through the sub- ! servient officials whom they have I raised to power. ■ "The conscience of the nation is j now aroused to free the government from the grip of those who made it a business asset of the favor-seeking corporations; it must become again a people's government, and be adminis tered .in all its departments according to the Jeffersonian maxim of 'equal rights to all and special privileges to none.' " 'Shall the people rule?' is the over shadowing issue which manifests it self in all the questions now under discussion. More Office-Holders. "Coincident with the enormous in crease in the expenditures is a like iddition io a number of office-holders. During the past year 23,784 were add ed, costing $16,150,000, and in the past six years of the administration the total number of new offices created, aside from many commissions, has been 09,319, entailing an additional expenditure of nearly $70,000.000, as against only 10.279 new offices created under the Cleveland and McKinley ad ministrations, which involved an ex penditure of only $6,000,000. We de nounce this growing increase in the number of office-holders as not only wasteful and unnecessary, but also as clearly indicating a deliberate purpose on the part of the administration to keep their party in power at public ex pense by thus increasing the number of its retainers and dependents. Such procedure we declare to be no less dangerous and corrupt than the open purchase of votes at the polls. Administration Economy. I The republican congress in the ses sion just ended has made appropria tions amounting to $1,008,000,000, ex ceeding the total expenditures of the past fiscal year by $90,000,000, and leaving a deficit of more than $60,000, 000 for the fiscal year. We denounce the heedless waste of the people's money which has resulted in this aj> palling increase as a shameful viola tion of all prudent conditions of gov ernment, and no less than a crime against the millions of working women and men, from whose earnings the great proportion of these colossal sums must be extorted through exces sive tariff exactions and other indi rect methods. It is not surprising that, in the face of this shocking record, the republican platform contains no refer ence to economical administration or promise thereof in the future. We de mand that a stop be put to this fright ful extravagance and insist npon the strictest economy in every department i compatible with frugal and efficient | administration. j Powers of Speakers. j "The house of representatives was designated by the fathers of the con stitution to be the popular branch of our government, responsive to the public will. "The house of representatives, as controlled in recent years by the re publican party, has ceased to be a deliberate and legislative body, re sponsive to the will of a majority of its members, but has come under the absolute "domination of the speaker, who has entire control of its delibera tions and powers of legislation. "We have observed with amazement the popular branch of our federal government helpless to obtain either the consideration or enactment of measures desired by a majority of its members. "Legislative government becomes a failure when one member, in the per son of the speaker, is more powerful than the entire body. "We demand that the house of rep resentatives shall again become a de- ! liberate body, controlled by a majority of the people's representatives, and not by the speaker, and we pledge i ourselves to adopt such rules and reg illations to govern the house of rep- j resentatives as will enable a majority of its members to direct its délibéra- ; tions and control legislation. ; Misuse of Patronage. "We condemn, as a violation of the spirit of our institutions, the action of the present chief executive in using patronage of his office to secure the nomination of one of his cabinet offi cers. A forced succession in the, presidency is scarcely less repugnant ; to public sentiment than is life tenure ( in office. No good intention on the 1 part of the executive and no virtue in the one selected can justify the ! establishment of a dynasty. The right °f the people to freely select their officials is inalienable and can not be delayed. j. Campaign Contributions. "We demand federal legislation fur ever terminating the partners hin which has existed between ccipora fions of the country and the re- ' publican party under the expressed or implied agreement that in return for 1 the contributions of great sums of i money wherewith to purchase elec i tions, they should be allowed to j ! continue substantially nnmolsted in i itheir efforts to encroach upon the j rights of the people, j " An >" reasonable doubt as to the ex i istence of this relation had been for ! ever dispelled by the- sworn testimony I witnesses examined in the insur ■ ance investigation in New York, and j the open admission—unchallenged by Die republican national committee—of a single individual that he himself, at the personal request of the republican candidate for the presidency, raised over a quarter of a million dollars to be used in a single state during the closing hours of the last campaign. In order that this practice shall be | stopped for all time, we demand the passage of a statute punishing with imprisonment any officer of a corpor ation who shall either contribute on behalf of or consent to the contribu tion by a coriwration of any money or thing of value to. be use in furthering the election of a president or vice president of the United States, I or any member of congress thereof. "We denounce the action of the re- j publican party, having complete con-,! trol of the federal government, for its | failure to pass the bill introduced in ' the last congress to compel the ptibli- ; cation of the names of contributors and the amounts given toward cam paign funds, and point to the evidence in their insincerity when they sought by an absolutely irrevelant and impos sible amendment to defeat the passage of the bill as a further evidence of their intention to conduct their cam l ia is n in the coming contest with vast sunls money wrested from favor seeking corporations. We call attention to the fact that the recent republican national convention at Chicago refused when the issue was presented to it to j declare against such practices. "We pledge the democratic party to j I the enactment of a law prohibiting ! any corporation, from contributing to a campaign fund and any individual | from contributing a namount above a j reasonable minimum, and providing! for the publication, before election, of ! all such contributions. Home Rule. "We assert our confidence in, and admiration for, the wisdom of the | fathers in so organizing the federal ! government as to secure home rule to the people of each state, and we pledge ourselves to combat with in- ! creasing vigilance the efforts of those ; who are striving by usurpation to seize the powers of the people of the states for exploitation by the federal gov-, eminent. "Believing, with Jefferson, in 'the! support of the state governments in all their rights as the most competent administration for our domestic con cerns and the surest bulwark against anti-rèpublican tendencies' and 'in i the preservation of the general gov | ernment in its whole- constitutional j vigor as the sheet anchor of our peace j j at home and safety abroad,' we are i opposed to the centralization implied in the suggestions now frequently made that the powers of the federal government should be extended by executive and legislative action and by judicial construction. There is no twi light zone between the nation and the state in which exploiting interests can take refuge from both, and it is as necessary that the federal government shall exercise the powers delegated to it as it is that the state government shall use the authority reserved to them; but we insist that the federal remedies for the regulation of inter state commerce and for the prevention of private monopoly shall be added to, not substituted for, state remedies. Tariff Reform. "We welcome the belated promise of tariff reform now offered by the republican party in tardy recognition of the righteousness of the democratic position on this question, but the peo ple can not safely intrust the execu ! tion of this important work to a party which is so deeply obligated to the highly-protected interests as is the i republican party. We call attention to the significant fact that the promised j relief is postponed until after the coming election, to succeed in which ; the .republican party must have that ; same support from the beneficiaries of the high protective tariff as it has always heretofore received from them; and to the further fact that, during the years of uninterrupted power, no action whatever has been taken by the republican congress to correct the admittedly existing tariff iniquities, ; "We favor immediate revision of the ( tariff by the reduction of import du ties. Articles entering into competition with the trust-controlled products should be placed upon the free list, ! and material reductions should be made in the tariff upon the necessities of life, especially upon articles com peting with such American manufac tures as are sold abroad more cheaply than at home, and graduated reduction should be made in sucti other sched ules as may be necessary to resore the tariff to a revenue basis. "Existing duties have given the manufacturers of paper a shelter, be hind which they have made combina tions to raise the prices of pulp and ! of paper, thus imposing a tax upon the ! spread of knowledge. "We demand the immediate repeal ! of the tariff on wood pulp, print pa-1 per, lumber and logs, and that these I articles be placed upon the free list. [ Trusts. "A private monopoly is indefensible j and intolerable. We, therefore, favor I the vigorous reform of the criminal ' law against guilty trust magnates and officials and demand the enact- j ment of such additional legislation ; as may be necessary to make it ini- ; possible for a private monopoly to ! exist in the United States. "Among the additional remedies we i specify' three known: First, a law! preventing a duplication of directors j among competing corporations; sec- i ond ,a license system which will, without abridging the right of each state to create corporations or its right to regulate as it will foreign eorjiorations doing business within its limits, make it necessary for a manu facturing or trading corporation en gaged in interstate commerce to take out a federal license before it shall be permitted to control as much as 25 per cent of the product in which it deals, the license to protect the public from watered stock and to prohibit the control by such corporation of more than 50 per cent of the total amount of any product consumed in the United States, and, third, a law I compelling such licensed corporations j to sell to all purchasers in all parts ! of the country on the same terms, I after making due allowances for cost j of transportation. Injunctions. "The courts of justice are the bul wark of our liberties, and we yield to none in our purpose to maintain their! dignity. Our party has given to the i bench a long line of distinguished J judges, who have added respect and j .confidence, in which this department | must be jealously maintained. We resent the attempt of the republican party to raise a false issue respecting the judiciary. It is an unjust reflec tion upon the great body of our citi zens to assume taht they lack respect for the courts. "The function of the courts ie to in terpret the laws Which the people, create, and, if the laws appear to work economic, social and political in- ; justice, it is our duty to change them. ! The only basis upon which the in teg- ; ritv of our courts can stand is that of unswerving justice and protection I of life, personal liberty and prosperity If judicial processes may be abused, we should guard them against abuse "Experience has proven the neces- ; sity of a modification of the present ! law relating to injunctions, and we reiterate the pledges of our platforms of 1896 and 1904 in favor of the mens ure which passed the United States' senate in 1896, but which a republican congress has ever since refused to enact, relating to contempts i.i fed eral courts, and providing for tria! by jury in cases of indirect contempt. "Questions of judicial practice have arisen, especially in connection with industrial disputes. We deem that parties to all judicial proceedings should be treated with rigid impar tiality, and that injunctions shorn 1 no i be issued in any cases in which in junctions would not issue if no indus trial dispute were involved. "The expanding organization of in dustry makes it essential that there should be no abridgement of the right of wage-earners and producers to organize for the protection of wages and the improvement of labor condi tions, to the end that such labor or ganizations and their members should not be regarded as illegal combina tions in restraint of trade. For Eight-Hour Day. "We favor the eight-hour day on all government works. "We pledg,e the democratic party to the enactment of a law by congress, as far as the federal jurisdiction ex tends, for a general employers' liabil ity law covering injury or loss of life of employes. Party's Pledge. "We pledge the democratic party to the enactment of a law creating a department of labor, represented sep arately in the president's cabinet, which department shall include the subject of mines and mining. Railroad Regulation. "We assert the right of congress to exercise complete control over inter state commerce and the right of each state to exercise control over com merce within its borders. "We demand such enlargement of the powers of the interstate commerce commission as may be necessary to compel railroads to perform their du ties as common carriers and prevent discrimination and extortion. "We favor the efficient supervision and rate regulation of the railroads engaged in interstate commerce. To this end. we recommend the valuation of railroads by the interstate commis siim, such valuation to take into con sideration the original cost of pro duction and all elements of value that will render the valuation made fair and just. "We favor such legislation as will prohibit the railroads from engage ment in business' which brings them into competition with their"shippers, also legislation which will insure such reduction in transportation rates as conditions will permit, care being taken to avoid reduction that would compel a reduction of wages, prevent adequate service or do injustice to the legitimate investments. "We heartily approve the laws pro-, hibiting the pass and rebate, and we favor any further necessary legislation to restrain, correct and prevent Such abuses. "We favor such legislation as wtl increase the power of the interstai commerce commission, giving to it the initiative with reference to rates and transportation charges put' into effect by the railroads and permitting the interstate commerce .commission, on its own initiative, to declare a rate illegal and äs being more than should be charged for such service. "That the present law relating thereto is inadequate, by reason of the fact that the interstate commerce commission is without power to fix or investigate a rate until complain, has bee« made to it by the .shipper. "We favor the enactment of a law giving to the interstate commerce commission the power to inspect proposed railroad tariff rates or sched ules before they shall take effect, and, if they be found to be unreasonable, to initiate an adjustment thereof. Banking. "The panic of 1907, coming without any legitimate excuse, when the re publican party had for a decade been in complete control of the federal gov ernment. furnishes additional proof that it is either unwilling or incompe tent to protect the interests of the general public. It has so allied the Country to Wall street that the sins of the speculators are visited upon the whole people. While refusing to res cue the wealth producers from spolia tion at the hands of tin" stock gamblers and speculators in farm products, it has deposited treasury funds without interest and without competition in favorite banks. It has used an emer gency for which it is largely responsi ble to force through congress a bill changing the basis of bank currency and inviting market manipulation, and has failed to give to the 15,000,000 depositors of the country protection for their savings. Emergency Currency. "We believe that, in sri far as the needs of commerce require an emer gency. currency, such currency should be issued and controlled by the fed eral government and loaned on ade quate security to national and state banks. We pledge ourselves fo legis lation under which national banks shall be required to establish a guar antee fund for the prompt payment of the depositors of any defunct national bank until an equitable system which shall be available to all banking in stitutions wishing to use it. "We favor a postal savings bank if the guaranteed bank can not he se cured, and that it be constituted so as to keep the deposited money in the communities where it is established. Hut we condemn the policy of the re publican party in providing postal savings banks under a plan of conduct by which they will aggregate the de posits of rural communities and iv deposit the same while under govern ment charge in the banks of Wall street, thus depleting the circulating medium of the producing regions and unjustly favoring the speculative markets. Income Tax. "We favor an income tax as part of our revenue system, and we urge the submission of a constitutional amend ment specifically autlierizing congross to levy and collect tax upon individual and corporate incomes, to the end that wealth may bear its propor tionate share of the burden of the federal government. Merchant Marine. "We believe in the upbuilding of the American merchant marine without new or additional burden upon t.h .» people and without bounties from tin public treasury. The Navy. "The constitutional provision that a navy shall be provided and maintained means an adequate navy, and we be lieve that the interests of this coin, try would be best served by having a navy sufficient to defend the coasts of this oountry and protect American I ! i i ] j i i j ! j ! j j citizens wherever their rights may be in jeopardy. American Citizens. "We pledge ourselves to insist upon the just and lawful protection of our i citizens abroad, and to use all proper j methods to secure for them, whethe-j native-born or naturalized, and with t out distinction of race or creed, the I equal protection of law and the on ; joyment of all rights and privilege-i open to the munder our treaty, and i it, under existing treaties, the right of travel and sojourn is denied to! American citizens and recognition is withheld from American passports by any country, on the ground of race or creed, we favor prompt negotiations with the governments of such coun tries to secure the removal of these Uujustdistriminations. "We demand that all over the world a duly authenticated passport issued I by the government of the United ! States to an American citizen shall bo proof of the fact that he is, an American citizen and shall entitle him to tlve treatment due him as such, j Civil Service. "The laws pertaining to the civil! service should be honestly and rigidly j enforced, to the end that merit and ability shall be the standard of ap pointment and promotion, rather than services rendered to a political party. Pensions. j We favor.a generous pension pol icy, both as a matter of justice to, the surtiving veterans and their de-|tho dependents, and because it tends to | relieve the country ot the necessity- of ! maintaining a large standing army. ! Health Bureau. j "We advocifle the organization of all 1 existing national public health agen cies until a national bureau of public! health, with such powers over sani tary conditions connected with fae tories. mines, tenements, child labor ' and other such subjects as are prop- ! ertly within the jurisdiction of the federal government and don't interfere with the powers of the states controlt ing public health agencies. Agricultural Education, "The democratic party favors the extension of agricultural, mechanical ! land industral education; we, therefore, I favor the establishment of district ag ag ricultural experiment stations, the soc onardy agricultural and mechanical colleges in the several states. Election of Senators. "Wo favor the election of Unit -1 States senators by direct vote of the people and regard this reform as Uie gateway to other national reforms. Welcome Oklahoma. "We welcome Oklahoma to the sis terhood of states and heartily cen gratulate her on the auspicious b ginning of a great career. Arizona and New Mexico. "The national démocrat ie party ur* -; i for the last 16 years labored for Ui,-| admission of Arizona and New Mexico as separate states of the federal Union ! and, recognizing that each posse.-• j every qualification io maintain s >p i rate state governments, wo favor Hie j immediate admission of those ritories as separate states. Grazing Lands. "The establishment of nil! s and r ! ! I ! illations, if any such are necessary, in I relation to free grazing upon tin* pub j lic lands outside of forest or other j reservation until the same «hail ; evoiitualiy b disposed of, should I; -1 1er left to the people of the states re speetively in which the lands may lie situated. Waterways. "Water furnishes the cheapo * means of transportation and the nn tional government, which lias the con trol of the navigable waters, shoo!.I improve them to their fullest capa-Pty. We earnestly favor the immed'a'o adoption of a liberal and com prehen sive plan for improving every water course in the Union, which is justified ] by the needs of commerce, and to secure to that end we favor, when practicable, the connection of the-j great, lakes with navigable rivers and with the gulf, through the Mississippi ' river, and the navigable rivers with ' each other, and the rivers, bays and ] sounds of our coasts with each other by artificial canals, with a view to perfecting a system of inland water ways to be navigated by vessels of standard draught. Philippines. "We condemn the experiment in imperialism as an inexcusable blunder which lias involved us in an enormous expense, brought us weakness instead of strength and laid our nation open to the charge of abandoning a funda mental doctrine of self-government. ! We favor an immediate declaration of the nation's purpose to recognize the 1 independence of the Philippine islands as soon as a stable government can be established, such independence to be guaranteed by us as we guaranteed the independence of Cuba. "Until the neutralization of the j islands can be secured by treaty with | other powers and until the recogni-j tion of the independence of the Phil ippines, our government should retain such lands as may be necessary foi?» coaling station and naval bases. Alaska and Porto Rico. "We demand for the people of Alas ka and Porto Rico the full enjoyment of the rights and privileges of a ter tutorial form of government, and the officials appointed to administer the government of all our territories and tlle District of Columbia should be oughly qualified by previous bona fide residence, Panama Canal, "We believe that the Panama canal will proVe of great value to the coun try and we favor its speedy comple tion. Pan-American Relations. "The democratic party recognizes the importance and advantage of de veloping closer ties of Pan-American friendship and commerce between the I United States and her sister nations ! of Latin-America, and favors the tak j j ing of such steps, consistent with dem ocratic policies, for better acquain tance. greater mutual confidence and larger exchange of trade, as will bring lasting benefit not only to the United States but to this group of American republics, having constitutions; forms of government", 'ambitions and inter ests akin to our own. Asiatic Immigration. "We favor full protect.on by both national and state governments with j in their respective spheres of all for eigners residing in the United States under treaty, but we are opposed to de-|tho admission of Asiatic immigrants | who cannot be amalgamated with our ! people or whose presence among us ! would raise a race issue and involve j us in diplomatic controversies with 1 nr lcntal powers, Foreign Patents, "e believe that where an Ameri can citizen holding a patent in a for °ign country is compelled to manufac ' Dire under his patent within a certain ! time, similar restrictions should be ap ! ant ' Plutocratic. The democratic par ty is the champion of equal rights an<l opportunities to all; the republi can party is the party of privileges and private monopoly. The democrat plied in this country to the citizen or subject of such a country. Conclusion. "The democratic party stands for democracy; the republican party has drawn to itself nil that is aristocratic ! j j ! ic party listens to the voice of the ! whole people and guages progress by I the prosperity- and advancement of ! the average man; the republican par ty is subservient to the comparatively few who are beneficiaries of the gov ernmental favoritism. "We invite the co-operation of all, regardless of previous political affil iation or past differences who desire to pros'erve a government of the peo ple, and who favor such an adminis tration of the government as will in sure, as far as human wisdom can, that eacli citizen shall draw from so ciety a reward commojvurato with his contribute to the welfare of society." PRINCESS WOULD......... KEEP CHILDREN. [By United Press.] PARIS, July 8.—Princess de Sagan, formerly Madame Anna Gould and I Countess do Castellano, today began a j legal light for the custody of lier cliil j dreti. She lias engaged counsel to ; fight Count Boni de Castellano's de ninnd before Judge Henri Ditto. There was no stipulation in the original agreement on the custody of the chil dren, which prevented her remarriage. SNAKE INDIANS REPORTED RIS ING. GUTHRIE, Okla., July 9—A com pany of state militia was ordered this afternoon to Henrietta to protect the residents of that locality from the Snake Indians, who are holding a corn ] dance on the Hickory camp ground, The Indians are reported rising and the situation is believed to be dan Serous. Adjutant General Canton is :, t Henrietta, and the soldiers are sent ' at bis request. Acting Governor Bel ' bun y will accompany the militia. - FOOD SCARCE IN PERSIAN CITY. [By United Press.] ODESSA, July 9.—Rioting and slaughter by the Cossacks is taking place in Tabriz today, caused by a food fa' ': Thousands participated in the bread riots in the streets today. The city has suffered from famine for several weeks and the presence of the soldiers lias aggravated the situation, which is considered desperate. _ DIPLOMATIC RELATIONS ENDED, 1 [By United Press.] WASHINGTON, July 9.—Senor N. Valez of Goitcoa, first secretary the Venezuelan legation, was dire by President Castro today to leave ..... j mediately. The secretary notified the | state department this afternoon, This action completely severs dlp lomatic communications between the two countries and action is expected.