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DRUDGERY OF MUSIC.
Joachim Practiced One Composition For Over Sixty Years. When an interviewer, who had put to Kuhelik a question as to the number of hours a day lie practiced, •was answered, "Practically all rny waking hours," it is probable that the interrogator, as well as others who heard the reply, thought the response a bit of artistic exaggera tion. Yet there is much evidence to sustain Kubelik's assertion. Taganini, the greatest of all vio linists, was compelled by an avari cious father to practice twelve or fourteen hours each day. So wearied did Paganini become of his drudg ery that for several years he actual ly laid aside the Instrument over which he had such consummate control and devoted himself to ag ricultural pursuits. This period of musical disgust soon passed, how ever, and the violinist again turned to his hard work, and to such good purpose that there was nothing written for the violin, no matter j what its technical difficulties might ' be, that he was not able to pla v j Late in his life Paganini gave over j bis practicing, for the reason, it is ' said, that ho then played only his ; own compositions. A saying of Rubinstein's indi-. cates concisely the importance of unwearying practice, "Should T not • ractice for a day I know it, should ! miss two days my friends know j it, and should I miss three days ' even the public knows it." Joachim, another violinist, during ! his student days was an inmate of j the house of his master, and it was | largely due to the inexorable de- j mands to practice that the teacher ' laid on him that Joachim was en abled to attain his proud position. The room wherein the pupil prac ticed was without any window, but had a glass panel in the door. If the sound of Joachim's violin ceased for a moment during the hours set apart for practice, then could be seen the scowling face of the in structor peering through the panel. Joachim practiced one composition —the difficult Beethoven concerto —for over sixty years. Mendelssohn has left an interest ing observation touching his ardu ous hours of practice. Speaking of certain recitals he was giving on the organ, he said: "I became so interested in my work that whole days passed like hours. I practiced pedal passages to such an extent that the act of walking along the Btrcet actually transformed itself into a fugue, so automatic had my movements become." With regard to his practicing Paderewski entertains some odd no- ' tions, one of which is a penchant for a nocturnal running of the Beales. The great Pole has been j known to spend the whole night in achieving perfection in one or two runs of a composition he is study ing. Paderewski has said that the greatest foe a musician has to fight is the feeling of satiety that is sure to oppress him should his work be not well apportioned. Each season the Pole finds that he must acquire some twenty to thirty new compo sitions. So hard does he work at these that at the conclusion of his short tour he cannot endure to hear a single bar of any of them. Like many other musicians, he is saved from inaction only by the acquire ment of novelties. — New York Tribune. Coats of Arms. The origin of the term "coats of arms" is thus explained: In the days of chivalry the knights, of course, wore coats of linked steel or some kind of armor to protect them in battle or tourney. These coats would soon become useless on ac count of the rusting caused by ex posure to drenching rains, and in the sunlight they were exceedingly, hot and dazzling. So the knights, put on a silken surcoat over these coats of mail, and as, with helmets on and visors closed, there was no wav of distinguishing one from an other the armorial bearings of each knight were emblazoned on his silk en surcoat, which thus became a "coat of arms." The practice was then extended to the trappings of the horse and afterward to the arti cles of the household, as the linen and plate. King Canute'* Church. Canewdon is a small Essex vil lage which once held an important place in the making of England. It was here that Canute and his Panes won that decisive victory over Ed mund Ironsides which gave the Eng lish crown to the Danish pirate. The conqueror named its rising ground "Canute's Down" (Canew don), and gave the five manors com prising the parish to his son Sweyn. Embracing Christianity, Canute founded a church at Canewdon, and to this day Canewdon gives its name to a rural deanery which include» Southend, eight miles to the south. —Westminster Gazette. j ' j j ' ; • ! j ' ! j | j ' ' j j j | ; DROWSINESS. A* a Rule It Indicates Something Wrong In Habits or Health. Sleepiness is a normal and healthy condition when it'occurs at the usual bedtime and when not extreme and overpowering, but it is not always associated with sleep. Some persons in perfect health and excellent sleepers hardly know the meaning of drowsiness. They are active mentally and physically until they are in bed. Then sleep comes at once, and when it leaves them in the morning they are again in full mental awakeness. There are less fortunate persons who never have a complete and sat isfactory night's rest who are yet almost constantly drowsy. They are always nodding, but when the head touches the pillow sleep re cedes and the night is a succession of drowsy lapses to sleep with the instant return of semiconsciousness. In general, with the exception noted at the beginning of this arti cle, drowsiness is abnormal and in dicates something wrong either with the body of the sufferer or in his habits. Those who habitually cut off their hours of sleep, the "night owls" and the burners of the midnight oil, pay for their bad habit by attacks of sleepiness in the afternoon and early evening. Later, unfortunately, after the in fluence of digestion wears off, the drowsiness disappears, and then, re lieved of his burden, the person "sits up to all hours" again, think ing in that way to make up for the hours lost by the drowsiness. If hr would abandon his owlish habit, go to bed betimes and get the seven oi eight hours of continuous sleep that he needs his daytime and evening drowsiness would disappear, he could do more and better work and find life much more enjoyable. A slight drowsiness is often no ticed after a hearty meal, because digestion draws a greater volume of blood to the stomach, so that the brain is relatively poorly supplied. In some southern countries this tendency is favored, and the siesta after the noon meal is a national custom. With us the after dinner cup of black coffee often drive away the impulse to sleep—whether for good or ill may be left to the physiologists to determine. Sometimes we hear of attacks of sleepiness occurring suddenly at certain periods of the day at ir regular intervals. These are alto gether abnormal, and in such cases there is almost always some poison at work in the nervous centers, usually a self manufactured poison, which, because it is made in too great quantity or because constipa tion or kidney disease prevents its rapid elimination, accumulates in the system. An essential in the treatment of such cases is dieting. Meat should be given up for a time at least, and the only beverage allowable is water or milk.—Youth's Companion. Flowers In a Mexican Jungle. For four or five miles our road passed through a marsh, and for a mile our horses splashed stirrup deep in water. Then we reached the first rise of the foothills, and a tropical growth, dense and high, closed in upon us and shut out the last breath of air that in the open marsh below had fanned our cheeks and in some degree made tolerable the burning intensity of the noon day sun. , Stately palms and gigan tic ferns, with a luxuriant tropical undergrowth, made impenetrable the jungle that lined our road. Mar velous flowering vines that intwined themselves in the forest trees, blooming shrubs and here and there beautiful orchids and masses of wild honeysuckle gave a setting of gorgeous color and charged the atmosphere with delicious perfume. —Outing Magazine. They Got Through. Abraham Lincoln was a captain of Illinois volunteers in the Black Hawk war. Mr. Norman Hapgood in his "Life of Lincoln" relates that during this campaign Lincoln once had his company marching in a column twenty men wide when he was suddenly confronted with a high fence with an open gate, through which only one man could pass at a time. He had no idea of the proper way to get his men into single file, so he halted the com pany and said: "This company is dismissed, but it will come together immediately after getting through that gate!" Msrs Than Shs Expected. A little girl well expressed the mingling of hope and doubt which anticipation holds for many people. When she received her first "very own" doll after a succession of treasures inherited from her older sisters she turned to her mother a face full of rapture. "I expected I'd have a doll soma day," ehe said breathlessly, "but I didn't expect I should ever hava my expect 1"—Exchange. WE Deliver the hoods FINEST RESH Beef, Pork and Mutton. CHOICE CUTS ARE OUR SPECIALTY Crabs And all kinds of Fresh Fish in season. City Meat MarKet S. A. WHEELER, Prop. W. H. WATSON Dray and Trans fer. Moving of safes, pianos and furniture a spe cialty. Hamilton - flont. Winther's Studio ate Third St. Next to Postoffice, yp Up-to-Date Photography. High Grade Portraiture In Sepia and Black and White. If you want pictures of your ranch or crop call at the Studio and inspect ranch views. <» - 4 Hamilton Mont. 0. K. Employment Agency ALL KINDS OF HELP FURNISH ED ON SHORT NOTICE. Missoula, Montana 327 HIGGINS AVK. 'PHONE 691 DAVOR NIGHT ! THE... New Shop] Roy Myers - - Proprietor j General Black ! smith Work. j Horseshoeing is my Spe cialty. Repair Work Given Prompt At» tuition. Corvallis - - Mont. Watch the Sky. The different colors of the ßky are caused by certain rays of light being more or less strongly reflected or absorbed, according to the amount of moisture contained in the atmos phere. Such colors do, therefore, portend to some extent the kind of weather that may naturally be ex pected to follow. For instance, a red sunset indicates a fine day to follow, because the air when dry re fracts more red or heat making rays and as dry air is not perfectly trans parent they are again reflected in the horizon. A coppery or yellowy sunset generally foretells rain. The following has been advocated as a fairly successful way of prognosti cating: Fix your eye on the small est cloud you can see ; if it decreases and disappears, the weather will be good; if it increases in size, rain may be looked for. I I the sailor crab. Makes Long Voyages at Sea •(* the Backs of Turtles. Among the many curious crabs there is perhaps none more inter esting than the sailor crab, a name applied to it because it goes to sea on long voyages, which it makes on the backs of big green turtles*and giant loggerheads. The sailor crab is a little fellow with a body three-quarters of an inch or an inch in length. With its claws extended it might measure an inch and a half. It is a very pretty crab indeed, with color markings that are various. It may be found with a shell all yellow or with a shell of dark colors with lighter shadings like those of finished tor toise shell, or it may have a mot tled shell or a shell whose coloring resembles that of veined marble. It seems all the prettier seen amid its rough surroundings on the big loggerhead's dingy brown shell. The big loggerhead, with a top shell six or seven feet in length, may afford a floating home for va rious other living tilings. Barna cles attach to it and there live their lives, traveling with it wherever it goes, as do barnacles that attach to vessels. Marine vegetation that lodges on its back may there stick and thrive just as it would attached to rocks, gathering in clumps or streaming back from it when the big turtle is in motion just as it might from rocks washed by a flow ing tide, and in this vegetation may be found various minute forms of animal life. Some day when the big turtle, with all this life on its back, swims into shallower waters to feed or works its way through some floating mass of seaweed one or two saiior crabs may come aboard, shipping thus for a long voyage. To the sailor crab thus embarked the big turtle may not seem like a sea washed moving continent, but it might easily seem like a sizable is land with many places to roam. When the turtle is asleep, lying still upon the waters, the little sailor crab may wander out to the end of one of its long extended flippers as it might to the end of some peninsula, and then it may come back to find its way among the meadows or the forests of veg etation on the turtle's back, and if it is hungry, why, while the barna cles in their fixed places are reach ing out with their delicate fingers and sweeping the adjacent waters as with a net to draw in their sus tenance the sailor crab can move about in the vegetation and find food. Or the sailor crab may find food in the scraps that come to it from the turtle's table. The loggerhead is both a vegetable and a flesh feed er. It will eat sea grass or what ever crustaceans it can catch oi fish. It might scorn that the big log gerhead couldn't catch fish. But it is a great swimmer, and it will smash into a school of fish and snap up what it wants, and scraps from this float back to the lodge on the turtle's back and there furnish food for the sailor. So the sailor crab at sea on the turtle's back is likely to get enough to eat, but it has to be always on the lookout not to be swept off the ship's deck to be lost in the ocean or there devoured by some bigger creature. When the turtle is under way or there is a heavy sea running it must hold on tight with its slmrp claws, and it may find a refuge somewhere in the vegetation, but it is more likely to go clean aft and creep over the edge of the shell at the base of the turtle's back to where it can find a shelter and a lee. It is there the sailor crabs have often est been found on loggerheads which have come from the tropics in summer and been taken in local waters.—New York Sun. No Cass. Man (to lawyer)—I've been badly bitten by a dog. Can I get damages from its master? Lawyer—Did you do anything to irritate the dog? Alan—No; I did not. Lawyer—Were you on its owner's premises? Man— Er —yes. Lawyer—In what capacity ? Asa friend or— Alan—Of course this is strictly confidential. Lawyer—Certainly. Man—Well, I waa trying to break into his house.—London Pick-Me Up. _ Caught In Her Own Trap. "It's real mean!" the young wo man exclaimed. "What's the matter?" her mother inquired. "Before I married Herbert made him promise to pass ever}' evening at home with me, and now he says he's ßorry, but he can't take I me to the theater without breaking I his word."—Philadelphia Inquirer. I PROFESSIONAL CARDS ; GEO. M'CRATM, M. !>.. C. M. Gtaduaie of Queen College, •legalist in Medicine. Surgery and Obstetrics Office Over Ravalli County Bank Hamilton - - Montana. HERBERT BRETHOUR M. B., M. D., C. M., Graduate of University of Toronto Post Graduate in Diseases of Women and Children. Office—Opposite Kavaili County Bank. Residence—Ravalli Hotel. Hamilton - . Montana. DR. F. E. BUCHEN Physician and Surgeon. Office Over Ravalli County Bank. Hamilton - . Montana. DR. ROBERT L. OWENS Physician and Surgeon Office Over Flugstadt's Jewelry Store Hamilton, Montana. DR. C. R. THORNTON Physician and Surgeon Corvaflis ... Montana. J. M. CASSERLY, M. B.; M. D.; C. M. Graduate University Toronto. Physician and Surgeon Office over Ravalli County Bank. Phone 65 X. Hamilton - Montana. D. P. MILLIKEN Veterinary Surgeon A m prepared to treat all dise ises of Domestic Animals O rrica: Swayze's Livery Residence Phone lïk Calls Answered Day or Night. DR. HERBERT L. BUCKNAM OSTEOPATH Graduate American School Osteopathy Kirksville, Mo. Offices Family Theatre block phone 96 HAMILTON MONTANA W. P. BAKER Attorney at-Law Probate Business a specialty Office in Court House, Hamilton - - Montana. GEORGE W. REEVES LAWYER Practices in all the courts of the state Hamilton, Montana MRS. M. HINCHCLIFF Practical Midwife and Nurse Thirty-Nine Years' Experience. Residence. North Third Street, Hamilton - - Montana MRS. B. SAMPLE PRACTICAL NURSE Residence Shea ranch west of Hamilton, formerly Iddings' place ADDRESS Hamilton R. F. D. No. 1 DR. V. E. O'NEIL DENTIST Office over Waddell & Grover's Hardware Store. Telephone 74Y Hamilton : Mont. DR. JOHN A. PHILLIPS DENTIST Office over Citizens State Bank. Phone 61 Hamilton : Mont. Leonard Oertli COUNTY SURVEYOR General Surveying, Water Measuring. (Office in Court House. Hamilton .... Montana Rooms to Rent By the WEEK, OR 7 " 1V MONTHS AT REASONABLE RATES Cottage Hotel and Wilson's Lodging House W. D. WILSON. Prop. Sign Painting All work entrusted to my care will be neatly and promptly executed. BEN COLEMAN Hamilton, Montana, 3 B ooster Says "Two braces with a single thought, two bits that bore as « ne." Singular how some little things both brace and biff you, but that is one of the penalties of the family man with a proper understanding of the scriptural injunction to per petuate his species One thing that always braces and improves our better nature is Ravalli Flour, the flour that helped ho much to remove the impression that Mon tana is only a land of golden op portunities and tenderfeet. It took years to perfect this brand of flour but now it stands in a class by itself—richer than most flour, highest in nutritive qualities and always reliable. Of all grocers. Ask for it. Hamilton Flour Mill Company. J. T. POWERS PRACTICAL PLUMBER Steam and Hot Water HEATING Corner Main & Fourth Streets Hamilton. Mont. -CITY CRAY KLEINOliOLK & HOBBS All work entrusted to our cars wil be speedily a id satisfactorii v d >e Prices rra' ■ i t„ .... Any Ti ime is Bliss Time Keep a box of Bliss Native Herbs on hand for all emergen cies—for headache—distress after eating—biliousness—con stipation—rheumatism—blood disorders. Take a tablet once in a while just for "health's sake.'' TIT TOO NATIVE DLIjiJ HERBS Is an old-time remedy of roots— herbs—and barks pressed into tablets—easy to take—200 tablets for $1.00—guaranteed to benefit or money back. Get the genuine in yellow boxes only—made by BLISS in Washington, D. C. SOLD BY IteM« Mrs. M. Hinchclifl Hamilton, Mont. 'kill™. couch and CURE THE LUNC8 w,th Dr. King's New Discovery FOR C8lS? 8 dftftu um AUL THROAT AW> IJUWOTHOOBUt. OPAE AMTMP satt st aotort ob Konr Birptrir the Red Apple Lodging House Look for the Big Red Apple siga Booms from 25c to f L Special Accommodations For Families. MRS. N. I. WATSON, Main Street - Hamilton.