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THE EAGLE'S EYE.
A Screen That Protects It Against a Too Brilliant Light. The eagle that stares proudly at the ■uu has now been found to be no tig ment of tradition. M. de Chardonnet, in a paper coin municated to the French Physical so ciety, has shown that the eagle's eye has a special apparatus adapted to this feat, though it seems probable that he Is not the only bird with this useful possession. The apparatus is not, however, the "nictitating membrane" which ail of us have perceived in looking even at the barnyard fowl. That is a mechan ism designed merely to wipe the eye and to keep it clear of dust. M. de Chardonnet's discovery was mnde while he was studying the trans parency of the central part of the eyes of animals. lie had already noticed that the eyes of night birds, such as owls, were more transparent than any other for ultra violet rays, and he had tried to push the experiments further by ascertaining whether they would be affected by ultra violet rays alone. These experiments failed because ot the absence of responsiveness on the part of the birds, which did not ap pear to manifest any sensation in pass ing from darkness to light, whethei this list was visible to human eyes ot not. M. de Chardonnet's failure led him to inquire whether there was any organ of which he was ignorant in tht bird's eye, such ns would intervene in auch circumstances. While dissecting a bird's eye he was ■truck to find an organ to which French naturalists have given provi sionally the name of the peigne or comb. A better idea of its function would be obtained by calling It a para vol. This organ is formed of a very thin membrane, black-opaque nnd situated In the eye where the optic nerve pene trates it. The structure of this mem brane is such that the retina is com pletely masked when the "parasol" is open. It is reasonable to suppose that the parasol is therefore a screen to protect the eye against a too brilliant light, whether the light is visible in the ordinary sense or whether it con sists of ultra violet rays. A Merger. Regular Customer—There used to be two or three little bald spots on the crown of my head, away back. Are they there yet? Barber—No. sir; it ain't so bad as all that. Where those spots used tt be, sir, there's only one now.—Chicago Tribune. Lodge Directory. Prudence Lodge No. 1474, Modern Brotherhood of America, meets sec ond and Fourth Saturday nights of each month at I. O. O. F. hall. Visit ing members in good standing are cordiallv invited to attend. SYLVESTER IRWIN, Pres. W. P. HALL, Sec. Alias Summons. In the district court of the Fourth Judi cial district of the state of Montana, in anrl for the county of Ravalli. Ravalli County Mercantile Company, a corporation, plaintiff, vs. Nels West-r.son. defendant. The state of Montenu. sends (treetiug to the above named defendant ; You are hereby summoned to answer the complaint in this action which is tiled in the office of the clerk of this court, a copy of which is herewith served upon you, and to file vtmr answer and serve a copy thereof upon the piaiutitf's attorney within twenty days after the service of this summons, ex clusive of the day of service ; and in case of your failure to appear or answer, judgment will lie taken against you by default, for the relief demanded in the complaint. For cause of action plaintiff alleges that It is now and at all times herein mentioned was a corporation organized and existing under the laws of the state of Montana; That at various times during the year 11)0!), plaintiff sold and delivered to defendant at defendant's special instance and request, goods, wares and merchandise, which at the agi eel price amounted to the sum of $28.29 That plaintiff is informed and believes and therefore alleges, that at various times dur ing t lie year 1909. Joseph Bowden sold and delivered to defendant at defendant's special Instance arid request, goods, war-s and mer chandise which, at the agreed price, amount ed to $;«) 60. That on or about November 301 h. 1909. said Joseph Bowden, for a valuable consideration sold and assigned said account to plaintiff, and that plaintiff is now the owner and holder of said account. Ttiat botli of said accounts are due from defendant to plaintiff' and that, both arc wholly unpaid Wherefore plaintiff asks judgment for the sum of $07.8!) and for costs in tills case. Witness my hand and the seal of said Court this 18th day of December. 1909. [skaï 1 A. C. BAKER. Clerk. R. REE McCULLOCH. Atty. for 1'lntff. 10-4t F. L. BURNS THE JEWELER Watches, Clocks, Diamonds Sterling Silver, Cut Glass, Handpainted China, and a Large assortment of small Jewelry always on hand. Engraving and Repairing Neatly and Promptly Done , F. , L. BURNS The Old Reliable Established in 1896 the GUARANTEED OurMinnatonM tG uarantee A Bushel of Fruit tfrom EveruTree J The Great Commercial Apple Bonner' s Ferry, Idaho. Mayfield Nursekies, St. Puul, Minn. IX*ur Sirs:— 1 have uiven your agent an order for 250 Minnetonka Apple Trees, and have an ideal location for an orchard, and hope you will send me some good trees. There is no doubt but this is the coming fruit country, and 1 find from exj>erionce that the Minnetonka is the best upjde we grow. It is a fine keeper, uniform size, has the red «•hooks that make it attractive and valuable, ami bears eve I an mont! It had -10 apples when ready to pick. It is the Minnetonka we want for this section. Yours truly. A. J. KENT. SALESMEN WANTED! selling Minnetonka ___________________xy Stock. A] once. Liberal terms to good men. Mayfield Nurseries, St. Paul, Minn. "Most Northern in America.'* [21 First Methodist Chokcii Thud s Services Sund.iv miming at li o'clock and evening at 7;30. Pasto.' residence at Ho el Hamilton. L. Bramble, Pa-t, r. The Western News is the best ad vertising medium— every body knows Order to Show Cause Why Order of Sale of Real Estate Should Not be Made 1 n the Dist riet Court of the Fourtti Judi cial District of the State of Montana, in and for the County of Ravalli. in the matter of the estate of Jennie Mc Millan. deceased. Rory McLeod and I). W. McLeod, the exe cutors of the last will and testament of Jennie McMillan oeoeased. having tiled their petition herein stating that it Is necessary to sell the whole or some portion of the rein estate of said decedent to pay the délits of said decedent and the expenses of adminis tration. and praying for an order of sale of the real estate of the said decedent for the purposes therein set forth. I (It is therefore ordered, by the Judge ol said court, that all persons interested in the estate of said deceased appear befori said District Court on Thursday, the l'ltli day of January. 1910. at 10 o'clock !n the fore noon of said day. at the Court. Room of said District Court at the Court House in the County of Ravalli, to show cause why an or der should not be granted to the said ex ecutors to sell so much of the real estate of the said deceased as shall be necessary, and that a copy of thisorder be personally served on all persons interested in said estate at least teu days before the day appointed for said hearing, or he published at, least four successive weeks in 'J he Western News, a newspaper printed and published In said Havaili County. .State of Montana. Dated December lOtli, 11)10. 9-4t HENRY L. MYERS. Judge. THE BEST IS GOOD O U G H PORUS Fish, Game and all kinds of MEATS in season CENTRAL MEAT MARKET PERCY H.EDWARDS, Prop. McGee's Transfer Moving of Pianos, Safes and Furni ture a Specialty. 'Phone 9 y i C. G. McGEE THE VALUE OF MONEY. Wise Mothers Teach Daughters How to Spend Judiciously. When a girl reaches thirteen her weekly dime should be increased to 25 cents. Many small items of attire, such as gloves, stockings, collars, she will be able to see to for herself through this addition. Now the mother, having taught her wise spending, will begin to delegate some of lier own offices to the child. She lias to learn marketing properly. The mother takes the girl with her for some time on her buying expedi tions; then she allows her to take the reins for a week or so, cheeking her wltere she goes a little wrong. Site learns inspection of goods, so that she can discriminate between good and inferior brands of groceries, meat, tish and the like. She learns how to buy and what to buy. Market tallies she studies so as to find out be forehand what tilings are in or out of season and what the prices are. Then slio is ready to moot any overcharge wit it the right knowledge. She learns food values, knows what foods give energy and vitality and which form flesh and build up the body. She learns when to buy in quantity and also when not to buy it) quantity on account of certain things deteriorating through keeping. She learns tlie* enormous difference that exists between a cash account and a credit account. The mother ex plains all tills to her. lier own train ing with her little weekly income of a dime for ail those years will have prepared the ground of her mind to receive it nil. and she is an apt pupil, willing and ready to take her moth er's place in the home at a minute's notice any time. When she has the reins she gets her requisitions ready for t he week and. with her mother, checks the items be fore going out to buy. She knows how to get tlie most for her money nt the grocer's, the butcher's or the baker's and will not be cajoled into buying anything not arranged for. She knows her income and its limi tations and lias learned how to restrict her wants rigidly. She will not give her orders blindly, but will see every thing before she buys it. Meat, vege tables, groceries, milk, butter, eggs, flslt, poultry—she knows their weak points and reveals them. The trades people serve her aright and respect her. She Is a good judge and will get full weight in goods. She checks all bills before paying them, so as to de tect any mistake either for or against her. She tints compels extra care in attendance on the tradesman's part. A girl like this is a treasure her mother is not very willing to part with. It is a treasure easily attained, be cause girls love this marketing and de light In doing it. And it is just as well to take a little trouble to know how to do it well. Later on some lucky man will delight in his housekeeping treasure, too, and still later another generation of boys and girls may arise to bless not only their mother, but the grandmother who was the source of all her knowledge. HINTS FOR THE TOILET. A teaspoonful of tincture of benzoin to two tablespoonfuls of rosewater makes the celebrated "lait virginal." Be sure that neither your hair tonics ■or your face powders contain lead or arsenic, as they poison the skin and scalp. Straight hair can be curled by mois tening with quince seed, rolling in paper and holding until dry between hot tongs. L>ip toothbrushes occasionally in boiling water and always rinse thor oughly after using. Tooth wash or powder left on the brush decays. A dry skin should avoid the use of alkaline soaps, toilet powders or aro matic vinegars. They are too drying and cause the growth of wrinkles. Never use anything but a blunt in strument around the nail. To scrape nail roughens surface and increases difficulty in cleaning. It also bruises cuticle in pushing it back from base of nail and causes hangnails. Preparations of sulphur for tlie skin are not always beneficial. When used incessantly they often prove irritât ing. It is a good plan to apply the sulphur washes or powders at night, then in the morning add some sooth ing lotion to the wash water, as bran, almond meal or oatmeal. Latest Way of Doing the Hair. Mile. Yvonne I'ecnrd a beautiful young French actress, lias set the fash gRtakMi 1 MLLE. PECARD'S NEW COIFFURE. Ion for a very striking and original way of doing the hair, which is rapid ly becoming tbe rage in Paris. The illustration shows bow this remarkable coiffure la affected. DIPLOMACY. A Vague Threat That Meant Nothing, but Brought Quick Results. The late Lord Salisbury some years ago sent a foreign office emissary to make some demands of a South Amer ican republic Before setting out on his mission the emissary, to w uout his lordship had explained the exact ua ture of the demands, desired to be in formed as to the course to take it, after he had said everything, there was a refusal "Oh." answered Lord Salisbury, "this Is not a matter iu which we have me least thought of fighting: If the pres ident refuses, why, you will simply have to come home again." Tlte emissary went and had fits say to the president of the republic, who blankly refused to give in, and the diplomat retired to think things over A few hours later he wrote to the pres ident "1 regret that your excellency does not see your way to recognize the just ness of the claims which 1 have hud the honor to present. I have now to say, on behalf of her Britannic ma jes ty's government, that unless your ex celloncy yields on all points which 1 have named it will be my painful duty to act on the second half of my in structions." Under this vague and significant threat the president yielded at once. London Telegraph. HAUNTED ALASKAN ISLAND. Ghosts of Russian Exiles Who Died of Starvation or Torture. To the south and west of Kodiak, distant about 10(i miles and forming one of the Semidl group, is the Island of Chirikof. the haunted island of Alaska. Enshrouded for a great portion of the time with almost impenetrable fog, this lonely isle is an object of terror to the natives, who claim It is haunted by the ghosts of Itussiau exiles • Tlte natives will not go near the is land. saying it means certain death to Invade tlie canny confines, and there are few men in the far north who have the temerity to test the truth of the many nnd weird tales told of this for bidding and barren island. Shipmasters and sailors passing th' place assert that the agonizing cries of Russian exiles sent there to starve ol die by torture are sometimes heard ou quiet nights, while the clink of chains and tlie sound of blows are tes tified to iu an affidavit by a white man who once attempted to remain there for a week and who nearly lost Ids reason.—Tana tin Tribune The Noise Habit. A personal experience first showed the writer the possibility of a state of affairs where tlie habit of noise could become as fixed ns the habit of a drug Waking one night in the quiet of a country house far from other habita tlons, I suddenly heard the starting of the hot air engine which pumped the water— einig, chug, chug, cling. 1 lay listening to its monotonous vibrations and wondering nt tlie unusual hour for pumping until I fell asleep The next night the sound was repented. On mentioning the matter to my tiost he confessed that lie could not sleep In the quiet of the country; that the sud den change from the mar of a great city to tile silence of the woods was so great as to cause him real suffering As his only way to rest he would leave the house in the middle of the night, start up the pump and. lying down in a nearby hammock, lind sleep brought him by the lullaby of the hot air en gine. That man recognized that In- had the noise habit and finally conquered tt.—Hollis Godfrey In Atlantic Oddly Named. A Mr. Hudson, who had made a large fortune as a dentist, had built a very expensive country house nenr Dublin, but of such an extraordinary construction ns to hid defiance to the criticism of the architect. One day after dinner at Curran's this singular mansion became a subject ol merriment for his guests. The question for their satirical inquiry was, "What was its order of architecture?" One euid it certainly was Grecian, another contended it was Saxon and a third that it was oriental, when their host thus Interposed "Excuse me. gentlemen, you are all wrong It is Tusk-un. From the ir regularities of tIt«» mansion and from its proprietor being a dentist tbe Irish call it Snaggletool h Hall."— I.oiidon An ewers Not Worth a Rush. "Not worth a rush" is. as a popular saying, the predecessor of the now more common simile "not worth a straw," in precarpet days it was the custom to strew the floors of dwelling houses When guests of rank were en tertained fresh rushes were spread for them, but folk of lower degree had to be content with rushes that had al ready been used, while still humbler persons had none, as not even being "worth a rush."—London Standard The Benefit of the Doubt. Horrified Citizen—Hey. there! What are you pounding that man for? Man on Top—He says he can't remember whether hé ever called me h liar or not. I'm fbiffi giving him (biff) the benefit of the doubt.—Chicago Tribune. The Producer. "Does your husband piny cards for aoonejr T' "Judging from practical results," an swered young Mrs. Torkins, "1 should aay not. But all the other men In the game do."—Washington Star. The man who loves borne best and loves ft most unselfishly loves his country best.—J. O. Holland. | ! | From Arctic to Tropics in Ten Minutes No oil heater has a higher efficiency or greater heating power than the PERFECTION Oil Heater (Equipped with Smokeless Device) With it you can go from the cold of the Arctic to the warmth of the Tropics in 10 minutes. The new Automatic Smokeless Device prevents smoking. There is no possible question about it. This means greater heat-power, a more rapid diffusion of heat and a sure conversion of all the heat-energy in the oil. In a cold room, light the heater and in 10 minutes you'll have a glowing heat that carries full content. Turn the wick up as high as it will go—no smoke—no odor. In everything that appeals to the provident and the fastidious, the Perfection Oil Ileater, with its new automatic smokeless device, de cisively leads. Finished in Nickel or Japan in various styles. Every Dealer Everywhere. If Not At Yours, Write (or Descriptive Circular to the Nearest Agency of the CONTINENTAL OIE COMPANY (Incorporated) Oregon Nursery Company's Bulletin No. 1. T F you wish to hnve a good orchard you will have to plant the Best Trees you can get. Cheap trees produce cheap or chards. We have been selling our line of superior trees in tbe Bitter Boot valley for twelve years, to tlie same planters year after year as they needed more trees. If our trees were not the best they could buy we could not have held their trade. We still bold their trade. Ask our customers what they think of our trees. They are our references—and the best references a nursery company can have. If you will drop a postal to the BEN KRESS NURSERY COMPANY, Hamilton, Mont.—our Bitter Root valley representatives—they will send a man to talk it over with you. Harrison & Oertli Manufacturers and Dealers in ——— Rough and Dressed Lumber, Lath, Shinglds, Doors, Windows, Moulding and Building Paper Work Done by Contract — MONEY= To Loan on Improved Farms, for Three or Five Years at -8 Per Cent — Interest, with Privilege to repay Whole or Part Within 21 Years. E.fA. WINSTANLEY 134 Higgins Avenue ! Missoula ------ Montana