A Guarantee of Light
Y to LOAN
2 to 5 years
On Improved Farms
and City Property
THACHER - TORRENCE
General Land and Investment Co.
Office Next to Postoffice.
GET OUR PRICES
BEFORE PUTTING IN
Sewer Connections etc
BASEMENT WATER PROOFED
by a new process—lasts forever
Ditches, Flumes, Bridges and Excavations of all kinds.
All Work Guaranteed
O. J. Hawkins
'Phone 7 Hamilton, Mont.
this opportunity, which may not
occur again, as good lue* isn't al
ways knocking at the door. The
property now awaiting farsighted
buyers wil rise to value as surely
as the mercury in midsummer.
Buying instead of renting makes
the rent money pay interest.
That's drawing a dividend on the
capital of others, and opens up the
shortest road to a competence.
Plant to-day for a crop to morrow.
Goff & Sperry Second-riain
HORSES IN WINTER.
Good Feeding and Clean Water Im
portant During This Period.
An experienced breeder says that
yearlings and two-year-olds are large
enough to rough it in winter. Put
them in an open shed or feed lot, aud
when the weather is not too severe
they will do well if turned out in pas
ture three or four hours during the
middle of the day. As a general rule
colts of this age are fed corn, but one
must use his own judgment as to
whether or not the colt is large enough.
If oats are plentiful they should be
fed at the rate of about a gallon of
oats and a quart of bran to a feed.
The feed racks should always be well
filled with timothy or timothy and
clover mixed aud when tlie snow falls
a little sweet straw.
Care should be taken in feeding colts.
It is a good plan to see that all the
colts begin to eat at the same time. If
this is not observed the ones starting
late do not get enough, and after this
has occurred they have a tendency to
eat too rapidly and gorge. This often
results in stomach staggers, which in
some cases prove dangerous. Plenty
of good, clean drinking water should
be placed where they can get it when
ever it is needed. Some people water
their colts at regular intervals to pre
vent their getting too much and thus
If the brood mares are not used for
heavy work they should be allowed to
run on grass and rough it until the
weather becomes too severe. In this
way they will get plenty of exercise
and be of little expense to the owner.
In working foal mares great care
should be observed. They should be
fed during the winter about a gallon
of oats to a quart of bran to a feed
mornings and evenings. The noon day
ration should consist of a feed of corn.
If the mare is being worked hard she
should have more corn. A boiled feed
at every week end will guard against
week end diseases, which result from
Stand For Right.
Every dairy farmer should stand up
for what is right, both in his own
dealings with others and in their deal
lugs with him. There should be no
trick or evasion in regard to the prod
uets you sell, and if another tries to
trick you don't allow it.
If a man sells you a cow and says
sho gives so much milk, see that she
does it. If she does not with a fair
trial, take her to him and get your
money back. It is really better not to
pay over the money till the cow is
It pays in dollars and cents to do
everything on the square. To adulter
ate your milk or butter is suicidal to
your business. Don't do that or any
thing else of like nature.
In the old days It wasn't necessary
or proper to speak of such tilings, but
in later years there has been an e|
domic of tricking in all linos of trade
which conveyed to some people tin
idea that it was admissible. But it
was not admissible then, Is not now
and never will be. Already there Is
revolution in the public mind ngaim
such practices, and you will see les
and less of them In the future.
Molasses a Cheap Feed.
Molasses when it can be bought
for 10 to 12 cents a gallon Is a cheap
food for horses. In the first place
molasses analyzes about 50 per cent
sugar, 10 per cent ash. 20 per cent
organic matter and 20 per cent wate
The sugar, of course, is the valuable
constituent and Is in a form that
readily available for the use of the
Furthermore, it is palatable and
keeps the system open in a way th:
is more advantageous than linsei
meal. It will put a gloss on the coat
and fat on the ribs quicker than any
other food. It is especially desira bl
as a food for colts at weaning time
and for working horses in the spring
of the year. So long as the price re
mains where it is molasses can he ft
to horses very advantageously. IIow
much of a raise in price we can stand
is another question.
Cream frothing in the churn and fail
ing to produce butter is very common
at this season of the year, because the
cows have usually been milked several
months and are fed mostly on dry
feed. If some succulent feeds, like
r< ts or silage, could always be pro
vided for late fall and winter use t his
trouble would be greatly improved.
Cream will froth more in a dash churn
than It will In a barrel churn, and it
will froth more when churned at a
low temperature than it will if churn
ed at a medium temperature. Some
times the frothing is caused by im
proper ripening of the cream. Cream
should never be more than two or
three days old when churned and
should be kept at 50 degrees or below
until twelve to eighteen hours before
churning, when it should be heated up
to about 70 degrees.
The Ram In Winter.
The rain should not run with the
ewes during the winter.
He will worry them, and one hunt
might kill a lamb.
He should lmve a box stall, not large,
with a good, strong yard attached,
where he can be out of doors on all
Never leave him out In a storm so
that his fleece will become wet, as it
might mean death.
Feed him regularly and enough to
keep him in good, thrifty condition.
Care of Colt's Feet.
Be sure that the colt's feet are kept
level by a rasp if the wear is uneven
Ringbones often result from neglect
of the colt's feet.
FOR AN IDEAL I
Movement Suggested In Which
Everybody May Assist.
SANITATION A BIG FEATURE.
Public Baths, Clean Streets and Yards
Are Necessities and Will Greatly Help
Town's Progress—Good Schools and
Playground For the Children.
What is the secret of that wave of
town and city improvement effort which
is so conspicuously sweeping over the
country? Civic improvement lias al
ways been a need—not less great at
the beginning than now, though only
in recent years lias it led to energetic
action. At the present time the move
ment is continent wide and lias en
listed all sorts and conditions of peo
Has one business or industrial inter
ests? Civic improvement facilitates
the transportation of merchandise by
street and rail and water; it lessens
wear and tear by the improvement of
pavements; it broadens markets by
the attraction of residents, transient
mil permanent; it increases the etli
cicncy of labor by the provision of a
more wholesome environment and the
opportunities for healthful but inex
lias one interest in sanitation? Pure
air. pure food and pure water are
among its objects, and better housing
is one of its first desires. Public
baths, clean streets, clean yards are
included in its propaganda, and it is
one of the best tilings for the better
ment of towns.
Has one love for little children? The
child Is the special ward of the civic
improvement effort. For him the
playground is equipped, for him the
school is made healthful, efficient
beautiful without and within; for him
are the swimming holes in the parks,
the skating ponds and toboggan slides
the ball grounds, tlie inter-playground
meets, and for the little mother arc
story telling, sewing and singing, the
swing, the flowers and for her char;
the sand box. Civic improvement
paints out the sign of "Keep Off file
Does one look back Instead of for
ward? The worthy landmarks of the
past are preserved, the historic sites
are marked and tiie beauty of earlier
architecture is reverenced.
Is one's interest in sociology? The
playground, the park, the better lions
ing make their appeal. The social con
ter. the recreation house with its even
ing entertainments, the better factory
surroundings, the folk dance, the many
mid various activities which are in
cluded in the growing social service
of the parks, even the civic club itself
in its essential democracy—all this is
effort that will not be denied' and will
tend to attract settlers to the towns.
Is one's interest in landscape art?
There are tlie parks, the ornamental
squares and open spaces, the improve
ment of grounds surrounding public
and private buildings and the preser
vation of viewpoints and natural
Is one rich? To him appeal the
drives, the increased splendor of envi
ronment, the great avenues. Is one
poor? For him are the public gardens,
the vacant lot cultivation and all that
beauty and comfort ami pleasure
which is proffered to the citizens as a
Does one love animals? The drink
ing fountains on the streets, the sheep
on park meadows, tlie birds and wa
terfowl, even the zoo and aviary make
him a rcATuit.
Is one a craftsman? There are the
street furnishings to Interest him—
name signs, light standards, trolley
poles, all the fixtures of the common
Does one, without pretending to art.
yet loving beauty and grace and fit
ness. feel affection for the town and
city whore men congregate and desire
to surround with pleasantness the lives
of the people? He may enter the bill
board fight, join the anti-smoke leagues,
encourage the preventive work of the
juvenile street cleaning organizations.
Join the tree planting societies and
work to secure municipal control of
the street trees and expert care for
them.—C. M. Robinson In Craftsman.
A Town Improvement League.
The town of Merrimack. N. IL, has
started a novel movement for im
provement by organizing an improve
ment league. It will devote itself to
getting good roads, wise care of trees
and forests, clean streets and the re
moval of unsightly billboards, to en
couraging lectures, music and art and to
securing a better co-operation between
the selectmen, the town officials and
the local clubs and societies. But the
thing about the league which Is expe
cially interesting is that instead of
having a cash membership fee it pro
poses that all who are connected with
It shall render actu.'d service. If It
succeeds in that endeavor It may ex
pect to bring much to pass.
Constant Menace to All.
The overhead wires of the street
railway, telephone and telegraph com
panies, In fair weather as well as foul,
are a constant menace to human life.
Accidents are a matter of daily occur
rence In the larger cities and frequent
enough in towns and villages to make
it necessary to enact a state law re
quiring all wires to be placed under
ground. Conduit construction has be
come so reasonable in price that such
a law would be no hardship on the
owners of wires.
CARE OF BROOD SOWS.
When Breeding For Market Feed and
House Them Well.
An expert breeder says that brood
sows when breeding for market i
should lie fed warnt slop, skimniilk i
md "wheat bran made into a thin |
mash, with just enough corn to keep j
hem in good .order, but not overfat j
during the winter. They need a good j
pasture to run on during tlie spring
and summer and blue grass, clover I
und cowpeas for pasture and forage, i
The pigs should have a separate pen i
to feed in just as soon as they are j
targe enough. They soon learn to eat
warm slop in which a little cormneal j
or wheat bran is stirred. As the pigs j
grow the sows are fed more and rich
er feed, such as wheat, rye, cormneal
and plenty of rich slop and pumpkins
during the winter.
Each brood sow should have a pen
to herself, which is kept well supplied
with clean straw as bedding for win- j
tor. During the summer she has a j
run in a woodland pasture and thick
ot. When the pigs are five or six
weeks old they should he taken from
the sows and put on feed to them
The March pigs should he fed for
the November market. They should be
started on rye pasture in April, then
put on clover. As soon as they can
get full benefit of new rye turn them
in on it, tlien on cowpeas, and feed
corn about live or six weeks before
marketing. The hogs when ready for
market at eight and nine months old
should weigh about 250 to 275 pounds
each and bring fancy prices from lo
cal butchers. Keep the fall pigs grow
ing nil winter. In the spring they
should lie put on rye pasture and early
clover and fed eornmeal. wheat and
rye grain and finished up for the .Tune
market on a little old corn.
Ilogs should have access to plenty of
pure water at all times. Give them
stone, coal, salt and wood ashes and
sometimes a little sulphur as a tonic.
New Process Milk Germless.
After more than a year's experiment
with its now system for the purifica
tion of milk a well known corporation
has announced its intention of conduct
ing a trial station in East Orange,
N. J. Embracing several radical de
partures from other methods of purifi
cation, the new system aims to pro
duce a milk that will be free from
typhoid and other disease germs and
more assimilable than the raw mate
At the dairies the milk will lie
pumped cold into forty gallon tanks
which contain carbonic acid gas at a
pressure of seventy-five pounds. Tiiese
cans are taken to the distributing sta
tions, where the pressure is relieved
and the milk passed through vacuum
tanks. It is then bottled and deliv
ered to the consumer.
The process and the product have
been put through a scries of examina
tions liy a prominent physician. In
his opinion milk subjected to carbonic
acid gas, which is the principal ingredi
ent of soda water, at the pressure
which is used will be free from 05 per
cent of the bacteria which are harm
ful. He also says the disagreeable fea
tures of raw milk are eliminated.
Chemical analysis has shown that
the treated milk is more easily di
gested than the raw product. It would
be better, therefore, for infant feeding.
Good Food For Brood Mares.
Brood marcs when carrying foals re
quire an abundance of nutritious food
of the best quality. The foal produced
by n mare that is thin in flesh aud
weak from lack of proper food will
seldom amount to much. It is just as
injurious for a foal to receive a severe
stunt when in the uterus as after coin
ing into the world.
Rules For Calf Raising.
Raise fall calves.
Have them freshen in the spring fol
lowing their second birthday.
Milk sixteen months, let stand dry
two months and keep them winter
Water, feed, milk and cure for by
How to Feed the Horse.
Do not overfeed of hay. especially
at night. It is not good for a horse to
eut all the time.
Horses should have plenty of ex
ercise during the winter months. As
a rule, the horses worked continuous
ly through the winter are the ones
which endure best the hard work in
Horses During Firo.
Why does a horse rush into his own
stall if he can when the ham is on
fire? Because that is where lie nat
urally goes when he can always, and
there he feels safest. In case of fire,
if possible, close tlie stalls, leaving tlie
horses out on the floor. They may lie
much more easily managed there.
Good Remedy For Mange.
For itch or mange, rnbbing of tall
or mane, wash thoroughly with warm
soft water and soap, then rub in with
brush a proper strength of coal tar
dip used on sheep and dogs. Scrub
every three or four days until cured.
Disinfect stalls and harness also or
you never will get rid of the pest.
Feeding the Pony.
A small pony, especially if a Shet
land, does not usually require much
grain. A quart of com in the morn
ing and a quart of oats at noon and at
night should be sufficient. Give it
what hay it wants, and If the weath
er Is suitable and there Is good pastur
age turn It out to grass whenever
♦here is a chance.
and all kinds of
PERCY H.EDWARDS, Prop.
* ""1 VJdlliC
Am prepared to conduct sales
in any part of Ravalli county.
Nortli Sixth St. Hamilton, Mont.
Henry J. Hamill
High Grade Portraiture vi>
Kodak finishing promptly and
carefully attended to
2nd St. Family Theater Bldg.
J. L. Powell
Well driving and
pump repairing in
E. E. SMITH
2nd Hand Store, Hamilton
Trees for Sale
None Better and the
Price is Right
See them before you
W. S. ROBERTS
IRWIN & BECK OFFICE
'PHONE 80k HAMILTON
For Sale By Owner.
17 acres of the finest land in
the Bitter Root Valley, right in the
town of Victor. New 8 room house,
cost $1500. One acre in orchard, will
bear next year. 3 acres in alfalfa.
All fine garden land, good water
right out of Sweathouse creek.
Address box 58 Victor Mont 20-tf
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