Oregon Nursery Company's
Bulletin No. 1.
T F you wish to have a good orchard you
will have to plant the Best Trees you
can get. Cheap trees produce cheap or
chards. We have been selling our line
of superior trees in the Bitter Root valley for
twelve years, to the same planters year after
year as they needed more trees. If our trees
were not the best they could buy we could not
have held their trade. We still hold their
trade. Ask our customers what they think of
our trees. They are our references—and
the best references a nursery companyjcan have.
If you will drop a postal to the BEN
KRESS NURSERY COMPANY,
Hamilton, Mont.—our Bitter Root
valley representatives—they will send
a man to talk it over with you.
To Loan on Improved Farms,
for Three or Five Years at
8 Per Cent
Interest, with Privilege to repay
Whole or Part Within 21 Years.
E. A. WINSTANLEY
134 Higgins Avenue
AUTOMOBILE AND CARRIAGE
Third Si., Opposite City Hall, Hamilton.
The Hotel Hamilton
The Hotel Hamilton
improvement s .
Light and airy
First Class Bar
L. A. ABBY
Harrison, Oertli & Keys
nanufecturers and Dealers In
Rough and Dressed White Pine
Lumber, Lath, Shingles, Sash
Doors, Building Paper, Brick and
Red Cedar Posts.
'PHONE NO. 114
An Inventor Left His Secret
By EVELYN WITWOTH.
[Copyright. 1910, by American Press Asso
"Oh, father, I'm afraid that some day
you'll blow yourself up."
"Never fear, sweetheart! There Is
but one thing combustible about these
ingredients, and that I never put in till
the last. And it must have been mixed
with the others an hour before there
can be an explosion."
This dialogue occurred in old Sev
erance's laboratory between him and
his daughter Fanny. She was his
only child, and he had no wife, so that,
being all he had to love in the world,
she was his Idol.
"Father," she said, changing the sub
ject abruptly, "Will has spoken." She
threw her arms about his neck and
hid her face in his bosom."
"Has he, chick? I'm glad—for your
sake, dearie—but for me"— lie finish
ed with a deep sigh.
"Oh, father. I will never leave you!
We will always he together."
"Daughter," said the old man, "I.
too. have something of Importance to
tell you. I have discovered a fulmi
nate powder that will revolutionize
warfare. It will treble the range of a
cannon or a rifle. I have been offered
$100,CRH) by the government for my
secret. Now that Will has spoken you
may tell him that you will have a for
tune for a dowry. He is a fine fel
low and deserves it and you."
Peter Gower, a man of thirty-five,
whom Severance used for an assistant,
was eavesdropping outside the door
and heard every word of the conver
sation. Although he had worked with
Severance, he did not know that his
principal had succeeded In his effort
Severance had made the crowning dis
SHE IÏEAD IT AN1) STAOGEIÎED.
covery while working alone at night
and had guarded his secret carefully
even from his assistant. Gower, like
Severance, was a chemist, but was
employed simply as an assistant and
not entitled to any interest in his in
From this time forward Severance
was conscious that Gower was watch
ing him in order to get the secret
The assistant knew the main ingre
dients of the composition, hut the cue
substance without which the union
was incomplete lie did not know. One
day while Severance was at work
making the compound he saw reflect
ed in a mirror before him Gower's
face intent upon him. Severance put
in all the ingredients, substituting for
the uniting substance another than the
correct one. An expression of joy came
over tilt 1 face in the mirror.
After this Severance conceived a
dread of his assistant. One day lie
gave liis daughter a Dit of paper witli
a single word written on il and told
her to put it away in a little trinket
box she had and to lie extremely care
ful as to its preservation.
One day Fanny Severance was star
tled by the sound of an explosion in
the laboratory. F very 'drop of blood
left her face instantly. Hushing into
the laboratory, her worst fears were
realized. Her father's body was lying
on the floor so disfigured that lie was
scarcely recognizable. Gower followed
her. He was pale and trembling.
"I've been fearing this for a long
while," lie said.
But the girl did not hear him. She
had swooned. He carried her into the
house and ministered to her till she
came back to consciousness. Then he
Fanny Severance and William Clarke,
her fiance, found themselves thus un
expectedly cut off from the dowry they
had expected at their wedding. But
the young man showed no disappoint
ment to the girl he loved, and they
were married soon after her father's
Gower put the laboratory in order,
shut it up and gave Fanny the key.
Che saw no more of him till soon after
her wedding. Then he called ostensi
bly to learn of her welfare, but really
I to see if he could got from her a bit of
I aeeret information. He had put to
j gether the chemicals necessary to the
compound Severance had Invented, had
put in the uniting substance he had
seen Severance use, but notwithstand
ing that lie had trhni every known per
cussion substance he had never been
able to get an explosion. Recognizing
that he hud been foiled and that a for
tune laid slipped through his fingers,
he was uliout to accept the situation
when it occurred to him that Sever
ance might have left his secret with
his daughter. After making formal in
quiries lie told her that her father had
given him all the elements of his com
pound but one. If he had left lier the
name of this uniting chemical she
might yet he rich, for he (Gower), hav
ing all tile rest, with this could manu
facture the powder.
When lier husband came home that
evening Fanny told him of Gower's
call and what he hail said. loiter on,
going to lier trinket box. she noticed
the paper lier father had given her.
Taking it to lier husband, she told him
of the circumstance attending her re
ceiving it and asked him if he knew
what it meant. The young man look
ed at the word written on the paper.
It was n curious mixture of letters,
spelling an almost unpronounceable
word. Then suddenly an idea occur
red to him. He told his wife that it
might he the crowning chemical used
by lier father for ills compound.
"Thou," said Fanny excitedly, "all
we have to do is to give It to Mr.
Gower and we will yet be rich."
But William Clarke believed in the
adage "Make haste slowly." He slept
but little that night, thinking why, if
this was the required substance. Sev
erance had left it without tlie other
ingredients of t lie compound. lie
must have had a reason for doing so
Clarke thought for hours upon this
reason. Was it that Gower knew the
other ingredients and in the event of
the inventor's deatli could go on with
the manufacture of the powder in case
Fanny would give it to him. If so it
meant that Fanny was the real pos
sessor of tlie secret. But why had
not Severance told lier that what he
had given her was the key and what
she was to do with it in case of his
"Fanny," said the young husband
tlie next morning, giving her the daily
parting kiss, "go into the laboratory
today and see what you can find
Fanny took tlie key to the building
and. with a shudder, going into the
laboratory, began to hunt—-what for
she did not know. There was a tiny
safe in tlie wall that interested lier.
Remembering that she had father's
keys in the house, she went' for them,
and. picking out an odd looking one,
slipped it into tlie lock. It fitted ex
actly, and, turning it, she opened tlie
small door and took out several pa
pers. Selecting one, she read it and
staggered as if stricken, it read:
Suspecting that my assistant, Peter
Gower, will murder me (lie thinks tie pos
sesses my secret) I leave this paper in
case anything happens to me. 1 dare not
give the secret to any one, even to my
daughter, now, but trust this action will
insure It to her without tlie risk that
would occur if it left my keeping.
On another paper was a list of the
ingredients except one, which the writ
er said he had given to ids daughter.
A horrible thought entered the young
wife's mind. Her father had prob
ably been murdered.
"Bless him!" she exclaimed, kissing
the record lie had made. "Had it not
been for his care a murderer would
have robbed me of my rights."
The hours dragged slowly till her
husband came home, and slit* told him
of her discovery. He read tlie paper
and. taking Ids wife in ids arms, said:
"Sweetheart, it is our duty to avenge
"There are ways lu which Gower
could have contrived an explosion. IIv
might have mixed substances that
would require a few minutes or a few
hours to unite chemically. He might
have run a wire underground to the
outside of tlie laboratory and ignited
some substance within by an electric
spark. He might have tossed a bomb
at his victim's feet. Whatever his
means, lie doubtess removed all evi
dences of its character, for you loft
him to lock up the laboratory."
"So I did," she said wondoringly.
"But could I have done otherwise? 1
wouldn't have gone there myself on
Tlie next day Clarke took steps to
renew t In* negotiations with the gov
ernment broken off by Ids father-in
law's death. The matter dragged, as
all matters connected with govern
ments are bound to drag. But Clarke,
who hud more business ability than
the inventor, started negotiations with
another country and before long laid
two nations bidding nguinst each oili
er. Tlie result was that lie finally re
ceived five times as much as was of
When payment was handed to Clarke
it was in one check on tlie national
treasury. He took it home and waved
it triumphantly over lbs wife's head,
"There's your dowry!"
But tlie wife's joy was subdued by
tlie sad memory of lier father's death.
"Alas, poor father!" she said, with
tears in her eyes.
Tlie next day Clarke did the more
melancholy duty of handing the police
tlie paper incriminating Peter Gower
A warrant was issued for his arrest,
and as soon as he was taken an hives
tigation of the laboratory was made.
A tiny hole was found under a work
bench through which a wire might
have been passed to the cellar. To
lead it from there to the outside of the
building no other hole was needed
since it could have been passed through
a window. This single hole was the
only evidence against the accused, and
it was not sufficient to convict him.
He was nequitted of the murder by the
jury, but not by the public. When
freed he disappeared ofi(l bas never
since been beard from.
HUMANE LAMB DOCKER.
This Useful Implement Can Also Be
Used For Removing Blood Warts.
Many really useful inventions that
would benefit the breeder are never
brought into common use because of
tlie inability or indisposition of the
inventor to acquaint tlie breeders with
their merits. Oue of the implements
that are prized very highly on farms
and that comparatively few shep
herds seem to be acquainted with is
tlie lamb docker. The illustration
gives a fair idea of it. Tlie jaws have
THE HUMANE DOCKER.
a throe inch face, the length from edge
to rivet is about six inches, and tlie
handles are eighteen inches long. These
dockers can he purchased from houses
that handle shepherds' supplies, but
the local blacksmith can make one
just us good and better. Those that
are purchased are cast, and some day
they will break, but these are made
of half inch soft iron and ought to last
forever. They must he used red hot.
the hotter the itetter. An old tinner's
lirepot is a good thing to lient them
in; hut, lacking that, a corncob tire is
nil right. The two great advantages
in»their use are, first, no loss of blood,
and, second, tlie wound is left antisep
tic and heals very rapidly. They have
been used very successfully in remov
ing large blood warts. The land) hard
ly seems conscious of tlie loss of ids
tail wlien it is renam'd with those
reilliot pinchers and will go off to t In
rack and begin eating ns if nothing
had happened. All lambs should be
docked, even those that go to market
early, but only about half tlie tail
should be removed. They look better,
the quarters show tip better, and the
long tail is only in the way.
Exercising Horses In Winter.
No animal on the farm needs exer
cise as much as the horse to keep in
sound health. The horse was never in
tended to he kept in tlie stable during
the winter months, fed night and
morning, oftentimes too liberally. The
farmer needs and must have one team
to do tlie winter work, which should
be fed, stables cleaned and groomed,
hut the idle hérses are better off if al
lowed freedom for exercise.
Give them plenty of shelter, and
don't let them run out In blizzards or
extremely cold weather. A healthy
mature horse when not at work needs
only ennui!!i food to keep in condition,
or, in oilier words, enough to keep
warm, and ample opportunity for exer
cise. The care of weanlings is another
matter. They, too. need exercise und
feed, including grain "to grow on."
Fully developed breeding stock
brings the strongest offspring.
The character of the feed determines
the character of the meat.
At present prices lings offer a mighty
good market for corn.
The hog appreciates a clean, dry bed.
Change the litter frequently.
Do not sell half fattened lings.
Stinting the brood sow often results
iu stunting the pigs.
"Pigs is pigs" at present prices.
Ilng-i that are of uniform size and
weigh; will fatten best.
Many a farmer wishes now that he
had not sold Ills stock hogs off so
Field peas have been made to take
the place of corn in tlie cornless sec
Feeding Cows While Milking.
if cows are fed any kind of dusty
feed while being milked it is a good
plan to sprinkle it. This helps to keep
the milk clean. •
Keeping Milk Pans Clean.
The sticky substance in milk known
as albumen can be rinsed off the milk
pans with cold water, which should
always be used first. Boiling water
will cook it on.
Watering the Cows.
Iu many cases it is considerable trou
ble to provide tempered water for the
cows, but il is well worth while from
the financial standpoint, to say nothing
of tlie humane side of the matter.
Use the Currycomb Freely.
A regulur currycomb, such as you
use on the horses, and a brush are
Just what you need for the cow sta
bles. But don't put them on the shelf
and leave them there. Use them every
What the Dairy Cow Needs.
it Is better to allow dairy cows to
have a short run iu the sunshine rath
er than to stay shut up nil day in a
dark stable. What they especially
need are plenty of pure air and a little
Making Good Butter.
To make the best country butter one
must not let the cream get too sour
nor skim sweet cream and put with
the sour. Let it all ripen at once and
tlie butter will be much bettor and
M. B., M. D.,C. M.,
Graduate of University of Toronto
Office Crutchfield Building, Main St.
'Phone 63k and 2y
Hamilton - - Montana.
DR. F. E. BUCHEN
Physician and Surgeon.
Office Over Ravalli County Bank.
Hamilton • • Montana.
DR. ROBERT L. OWENS
Physician and Surgeon
Office Over Flugstadt's Jewelry Store
DR. C. R. THORNTON
Physician and Surgeon
Corvallis ... Montana.
J. M. CASSERLY, M. B.; M. D.; C. M.
Graduate University Toronto.
Physician and Surgeon
Office over Ravalli County Bank.
Phone 65 X.«
Hamilton - - Montana,
DR. HERBERT L. HUCKNAM
Graduate American School < Jsteopathy
Offices Family Theatre block phone %
DR. R. W. GETTY
PHYSICIAN AND SURGEON
Graduate University of Pennsylvania
class of 1891. Residence S. Eighth
St. Office hours 10 to 12 a. m., 2 to
5 p. m. Office Grill block over Wag
ner's furniture store.
i Residence 115Y.
( Office 91L.
DR. G. A. GORDON, M D.
Office Hours 10-11 a. in. 2 4 p. tn. 7-8
p. m. Phones: Office No. 93x; Resi
HAMILTON, - - - MONT.
DR. V. E. O'NEIL
Office over Waddell & Grover's
Hamilton :—: Mont.
DR. JOHN A. PHILLIPS
«Office over Citizens State Bank.
Hamilton :—: Mont.
D. P. MILL1KEN
A m prepared to treat all di*i- ises of
Ovfick: Swayze's Livery
Uksidknce Phone 12k!
Calls Answered Day or Night,
MRS. M. HINCHCL1FF
Practical Midwife and Nurse
Forty Years' Experience.
Residence. North Third Street,
Hamilton - - Montana.
Mrs. Margarette Nichols
W. P. BAKER
Probate Business a specialty
Office in Court House,
Hamilton • • Montana.
EDWARD D. NOONAN
ATTORNEY AT LAW
Johnston Building, Main St,
M. F. GUINON
Room 3 : Hotel Hamilton
HAMILTON, - MONT.
HARRISON S. LORD, OLNKY J. HAWKINS,
Consulting Engineer. Engineer in Charge.
WESTERN MONTANA ENGINEER
U. S. Deputy Mineral Surveyor
Civil Mining and Irrigation Engineers
Bitter Root Valley Map
Phone 95 L. Hamilton, Mont.
W. S. MunscU M». W. S. MuucU
LICENSED 'phone 55y
Office N 3rd st, one block from Main, res
idence S 4th st, fifth block from Main.
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