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OCRAT. Vol. I. No. 24 LEWISTOWN, FERGUS COUNTY, MONTANA, TUESDAY, JAN. 24, 1905. Price 5 WHITE HOME EROM DENVER Fergus County Stockman Tells Dem ocrat of the Great Livestock Gathering. A VERY UNFORTUNATE SQUABBLE Contention Over the Admission of Railroads and Packers Detracted From Benefits. The lion. B. C. White returned Wednesday evening from Denver where he attended the annual meet ing of the National Livestock associ ation, being the only regularly ac credited delegate from Montana. Fri day afternoon Mr. White was seen by a representative of the Democrat and lie gave an interesting account of the meeting, which was the most exciting in t ho long history of the association "It was a great gathering of repre sentative stockmen from all over the United States," said Mr. White. "In point of numbers it was the best meeting of the kind.ever held, and it required but a glance to tell one that it was. for the most part, made up of men from the plains, men who have had. actual experience, and much of it, in the livestock business. The greater number of them were tanned by exposure to the elements and there prevailed that free and whole-hearted sociability which is characteristic of this class of men. "There were five of us down from Montana, .lohn M. Hoit and "Skew' Johnson of Miles City, John Board man of Helena, W. E. Milner of Fort Benton, and myself. Of the five was the only woolgrower, the other four Montanans being cattle raisers Altogether there were 500 or 600 men in 1 he convix:* : <r "The city of Denver certainly did herself proud in ; ho matter of enter tainment of the visitors. There was always 'something doing' while we were not engaged in the regular work of the convention. Wo were given a reception at tlie Brown Palace hotel one evening, a masguerade ball at the Windsor hotel the next evening, en ■ tertained at the Orphaum theater on another evening, and, in fact, had something to do every evening of the week. "The convention was notable for tho great fight which arose over the proposition to admit to membership in the association representatives of tho railroad and packing hotis com panies. A more persistent and, at times, bitter light was never seen in a convention of the sort. Tho rail road companies arid packing house concerns applied for membership on the grounds that they were 'allied in dustrics.' They wore represented by an array of tlia most brilliant attor neys in t lie country and had the ad vantage of the active support of Pres ident Ilagenbarth of the association. Uagenbartli bad secured the proxies from several western states and bad at Ills command a majority of tli votes of the association. "The opposition was led by Sam Cowan of Texas. lie. made a magnifi cent. fight for tlie rejection of the ap lications of the railroads and packing houses. lie successfully refuted every argument that they advanced. Ho said that inasmuch as the railroads fixed freight rates and t lie stockmen arc compelled to pay such rates, their interests could never lie in sympathy; that it would he as reasonable for the railroads to permit (lie stockmen to have an equal voice in the fixing of freight rates as for lhe railroads to be given a voice in the management of the business of tho stockmen. lie scored a telling point, when he cited tho fact, that the president is having a rigid investigation made of the al leged discriminations on the part of the railroads and packing houses against the stockmen, and that, if the stock growers ally their interests witli the railroads and packers they cannot expect the investigation to amount to much. "But Chairman Ilagenbarth re mained firm in his determination to admit the railroad ard packing house representatives to membership in the association, and when the vote was taken he threw a majority of the votes that way. This speedily .brought about the crisis. Finding themselves outvoted, and believing that the Na tional Livestock association had de parted from its original purposes and aims, about half of the delegates left the hall. It is my opinion that many who remained in the hall were in hearty sympathy with those who went out. I know that it was so with my self and numerous woolgrowers with whom I talked. "What the outcome of this fight will be I will not undertake to say. The executive committees of the two associations, the old and the new, will meet in Denver the 9th of May and it is possible that the trouble will be patched up and the two bodies once more united. It is to be hoped that such will be the case, for the stock men of this country have enough to do to hold their own against the mo nopolistic interests without fighting among themselves. "Although the meeting was torn to pieces by the big fight, there was some good work done and several sub jects of interest to all stockgrowers discussed. The discussion of freight rates brought forth complaints from every section of the country over the poor service being given by the great stock-shipping roads. A vigorous pro test was entered against the unneces sary delays in getting stock to mar ket after it is once loaded. A com mittee was appointed to confer with the managements of the roads and try to induce them to abandon the pres ent practice of mixing cars containing 'dead' freight, thereby causing delays. A proposition was also submitted to have congress investigate the trans portation question and try to enact remedial legislation along that line. "I was greatly interested in an ad dress by Dr. Salmon, the government inspector, on the subject of 'Live stock Inspection," continued Mr. White. "I was never so fully im pressed with the magnitude of the task of inspecting livestock, especially of the west, and of t lie great good winch this inspection is doing for the livestock interests of the west. Ac cording to the paper of Dr. Salmon 45,000,000 sheep have been inspected during the last year. Of course, thou sands and millions of these sheep have been inspected several times over. As a result of tills rigid inspection some of the most dreaded diseases are be ing eradicated. Jn the state of Wy oming the scab, which has done mil lions of dollars damage to woolgrow ers, is being gradually wiped out by means of the dipping which Is en forced by the government inspectors The law providing for this service will ultimately mean a vast sum of money to western stockmen. "Many other things of interest came up in the meeting, hut these are the most important. All stock men will await with some feelings of anxiety the result of the efforts to reconcile and reunite the two factions of the association. The executive committee or committees will also select a place for holding the next meeting, which will probably he Den ver, as the greater number of stock men present appeared to favor rhat city on account of its accessibility." Revival Meetings. The revival meeting started by the Christian Workers' Union in their mission room on the corner of First avenue and Main street, near the opera house, has surely received the approval of God. Since their evan gelist, Miss Emma Bailer, arrived, fifteen persons have been converted and twenty-four sanctified. Their room was overcrowded and Brother Winters invited them to go to his hurch and continue there. They ac cepted the invitation and Miss Bailer spoke to a crowded house Sunday •light. We anticipate a wonderful outpouring of the Spirit in the saving of souls and sanctifying of believers. J ust a word of explanation regarding their mission, its objects and work, it is not the Volunteers or Salvation Army which are separate organiza tions from the church, but a body of Christians from any or all denomina ious who have consecrated their lives til all to Christ and have a burning desiro to save the lost, conducting jrviccs overy night, making a special Ifort t o reach those who do not for uiy reason attend church, to assist the poor and needy spiritually and temporally. It is supported by volun tary contributions. They invite the oo-operation of all who are anxious for the bettering of mankind morally, temporally and spiritually. If any further information is desired call on the superintendent, M. L. Thompson, at rear of mission room, corner First avenue and Main street, or address Box 863, Lewistown, Mont. Subscribe for the Democrat, the news all the ti me. All HOLD PUBLIC INSTALLATION Knights of Pythias and Rathbone Sisters Begin New Lodge Year With Happy Occasion. DANCING FOLLOWS LODGE WORK Musical Program and Splendid Sup per Help to Make the Evening a Pleasant One. The Knights of Pythias and the auxiliary order, the Rathbone Sisters, held joint public installations in their lodge room in the Electric building last Thursday evening. It was one of the most pleasant occasions of the kind ever attended in this city, and the two hundred or more lodge mem bers and guests present thoroughly enjoyed the evening. Edward Brassey was chairman of the evening and performed the duties of that position in hisu sual happy man ner. The installation services were impressive. Mrs. J. L. Mears was in stalling officer for the Rathbone Sis ters. J. L. Mears was installed chan cellor commander of the Knights for the coming year, and Mrs. John B. Ritch will occupy the highest place in the Rathbone Sisters' order for the coming term, that of excellent chief. The names of the other officers who were installed have been previously given in this paper. Following the installation ceremon ies an attractive musical program was rendered. Prof. Race and Mrs. Du Clos rendered several beautiful selec tions and W. II. Smith delighted the crowd with two guitar selections. Prof. Silloway gave a number of ex cellent stereopticon views of local scenes and members of the two locii under whose auspices the evenin'/ * entertainment was given. An elegant lunch was served at the conclusion of the musical progra ;, and after the lunch dancing became the order of the evening and contin ued until early in the mornir i. DOES THE SALOON PAY?' Important Topic Ably Discossed by the Rev. Henry Quickenden. The topic, "Does the Saloon Pay?" was discussed at the Presbyterian church last Sunday evening by the pastor, Rev. Henry Quickenden. 'Die following is a partial report of the address: "This discussion is pertinent to the assertion that "a wide open town makes business good." We grant the assertion if the increased business re ferred to is that of the saloonkeeper, ti»e jailer, the hospital, the poor house and the undertaker. We sub mit that the facts prove the contrary if it is meant tliat the business of the grocer, the lumberman and the cloth ier is increased by the wide open town. The recent restrictions of the city council ought to receive the loyal support of every patriotic citizen, re gardless of party affiliations. "Does it pay the patron of the drink shop? Two hundred thousand dollars was the amount approximated by business men as having passed through Lewistown saloons last year. What have patrons to show for their ex penditure? Has their health been in creased, their property appreciated? Some can show blood, tears, rags and degradation. With tliat $200,000 in one year we could build six handsome public buildings—churches, libraries or gymnasiums, and witli $15,000 we could meet our Lewistown school deficit that now threatens the closing of educational privileges to hundreds of our coming citizens. Ten thousand to run allot' the churches of the town. $200,000 to run the saloons. Where is the "value received" from the sa loons? "Does it pay the man who sells gro ceries or clothing or lumber? Superfi cial observers say it does. Let us see. Do the men who spend the $200,000 in saloons have it to spend for the above necessities? You reply that the two hundred men dependent upon the sa loon business have it to spend. But can that even in a small measure compensate for the loss of custom from the far greater number of possi ble patrons, and debt payers who have dumped their earnings in the saloons 8,1 - have been oftentimes incapacita t'd for full wage earnings." " fo say that the saloon makes business good is like saying that to hi r n $200,000 worth of Fergus county's wheat crop each year would improve business conditions. You see t heir logic? It would require a lire depart ment to put it out, a salvage corps to gather up the charred grain to feed to hogs, more carponters to rebuild the granaries, and more lumber sawed to put into them, and more men to sow an increased acreage next year. You sec how it makes business good to set fire to our gran aries. Lets burn the whole crop next time. Instead of the fire deparement, the salvage corps, etc. put their cor responding terms, ministers, schools, hospitals, jails, bartenders and under tar ers and you have the logic that makes the saloon business helpful to tlie community. "What does it pay to a town as a whole? Facts, just here, are better than guesses or opinions. The follow ing editorial Is quoted by tho Interior from the Nortli Dakota Eagle, a prominent Bottineau county paper. It is clear, undisputed teibimmy: 'When prohibition went, into effect, some of the leading papers of tho state prophesied that the grass would grow on the streets of Fargo and Grand Forks, and that their sis Un towns across the river in Minnesota, witli the advantage of t lie saloons ana all the business which the saloons bring, and the magnificent revenues from them would spring up into great, cities. Cross tho river anil you will find that for once tho newspaper men were false prophets. Tho Minusota towns still have tho saloons an 1 tho revenue of from ten to thirty thous anil dollars a year from them, hut the business, the growth, t he prosperity, have gone to the prohibition towns. East Grand Forks, Minnxnta, lias forty two saloons. The assessed valu ation of all the property is .'is.iS4,0.)) with a bonded' indebtedness of 25 per cent, ill addition to which t here, are outstanding unpaid warrants and other indebtedness amounting to $■>0,000,' In Grand Forks (across the river in North Dakota) the assessed v.iiii/rNfli is *3,500,90), its *w>nd*d indebtedness being only 8 and one halt percent. City warrants are at .>' ! !' and bonds above par. "In Hast Grand Forks there Is one vii rd mile of paving (mighty poor stull at that) one mile of aewer, and an $800 electric light plant. Grand Forks has fourteen miles of paved streets, electric light plant,, snvjr system, water works, and a $15,000 filter. Notwithstanding all this, the rate of taxation is twenty per cent lower in Grand Forks with all its improvements than in Gist Grand Forks with almost, no improvements and its great, saloon revenues. The old theory i hat t he saloons brings business to a town, paves ari l lights its streets anil reduces taxation, li u long been exploded. "Docs the saloon pay tho county taxpayer. Let the criminal court of records answer. For the past two years approximate $15,0)1 wu; tin cost of criminal cases in tho district, court which arose in connection witli a saloon or in which liquor was a factor. If we could saved tint for our new high school building it, would only require two more years of su;h saving to pay for it. "Does it pay Hie drunkards family? Ask the lonely wile a 1 1 mother at, the midnight hour, ask the women in rags and tears, ass tin Inlpiesi children who lari; a father's care. Ask all these ii tin saloon pays and do not forget that the chief damage cannot he reck med by money vahus. hut must he measure 1 in tears and groans, ruined bodies and lost, soul,/." SMALLP0Y FATALITIES. Many Victims in Billing of t!ic Dresf] Disease. Billings, Jan. is. -Dr.Tuttle,of tho state lioard of health, was cate 1 to Billings this morning to investigate the death of Mrs. Charles Crotchet, who died Tuesday morning. A dis pute had arisen among the local phy sicians regarding the cause if her death, the health officers pronouncing the disease of hemorrhagic nature, while other physicians insisted that it, was smallpox. Dr. Tuttle decided positively that Mrs. Grotchel did not, die of smallpox. One new case was reprr od today and one death occurred last, night, I rank Sawyer, of north Twenty-sixth street. Seven deaths have occurred up to the.presen., t ime. Patronize home industries. Buy home-rendered, pure leaf lard. The beet and cheapest. Abel Bros. NEW SENATORS ARE ELECTED State Legislatures Have Been Busy During the Past Week Confer ring Senatorial To^as. MISSOURI REPUBLICANS BOLT In Joint Session They Tail to Stand by the Caucus Nominee, T. K. Niedrinjhaus. Jefferson City, Mo., Jan. 17.—Tho? K. Nledringhaus of St. Louis, tho re publican caucus nominee, today re ceived a majority of tho votes cast in hot h houses, in separate session, for United States senator to succeed Francis M. Cockrell. The vote stood as follows: Senate Cockrell, 22; Nil dringhaus, 11. House --Nledringhaus, 70; Cockrell, 53; Kerens, 1; Bittln ger, 1. Tomorrow the election will ho rati lied by hath houses in joint session. After N iodrlnghaiis had boon placed in nomination, Representative Grace ol St. Louis, who had presented the resolution calling for the invostiga I ion of Nioilriughaus, rose and said: "I dare to do all that, becomes a man. In bcliali ol Col. It. C. Kerens and his gallant friends, 1 take pleasure in seconding tho nomination of Thomas K. Nledringhaus." Jefferson City, Jan. 21. -Tho ballot te day for United States sona,tor resulted lobows: Nioilriughaus, 80; Cockrell, Kerens, 3; scattering, ti. No cler ic >:in:>an and iikmenway. Indianapolis, lint., Jan. 17.—Tho two branches of the Indiana legisla ture t >i;;. vol ed ,tp irately for United "'UUi ; .a!or. Senator Albert J. 15 ve":n >.; himself and Ilep resenta! ivo Junr •: A. i lumen way, of Boonvillo, L' succeed Vico President clo'/t, (5, rle; W. Fairbanks, received the unanimous vote of the republican members,win, are in a large majority. The minority cast, their voles li r John W. Korn of Indianapolis and Benjamin it'. Shively of South Bend. THE CONTEST IN WASHINGTON. Olympia, Wash., Jan. 17. -On M o first ballot for United Slates senatir in the Washington legislature t: o ballots in thesena e and house sep; - lately wero as follows: Addison G. Foster of Tacoma, 4b; Charles Swocnty of Spokane, 2i; Man, i; 1 Idles of Seat lie, 32; John i,. Wilfon, Seattle, 1.7; Wesley L. Jones, iNo u h Yakima, (; Samuel G. Cosgrove, ho neroy, 5; Geo. Turner, (dem.), Spokane, 8. Noris sary to choice, 60. RUilKETT IN NELItASKA. Lincoln, Neb., Jan. 17. Wiohmit, a party caucus or oilier formality save llu: pledges of the state and district, conventions, tho republicans in tho Nebraska legislature today voted for Congressman Elmer J Burkett, lor United States senator. There are only nine fusion!stein tho two houses, and Mr. Burkett racciv.d a majority vote in each. KOUTlIEt'.LAND IN UTAH. Salt Lake City, Jan. 17.—Former Congressman George StuiherUnd ti dily was elected United States senator to succeed Thomas Kerens, receiving the lull republican vote in both houses ol the legislature. William li. King, former eongresiman, received the six democratic voles. KNOX li ELECTED. Harrisburg, (\i., Jan. 17.—The two branches of the Pennsylvania legisla ture balloted separately today fur United States senator. Philander Knox, who was appointed by Gover nor Pennypacker to succeed the late M. S. Quay, received tin; unanimous vote of tlie republican!. nu iiuows is ue-eleoted. Lancing, Mich., Jan. 17.—'The two houses of tho legislature in joint ses sion cast their unanimous ballots for Julius C. Burrows for a third term in tho United States senate. M'CUMBKH IN NOliTH DAKOTA. Dismarck, N. D., Jan. 17—Both houses of the Nortli Dakota legisla ture voted in separate session today for United States senator. The en tire republican vote in each house was cast for Senator 1'. J. McCumber. CLAPP SUCCEEDS HIMSELF. St. Paul, Jan. 17.—Both houses of I lie legislature voted separately today for Moses Clapp for United States senator to succeed himself. TROUBLES Of THE IRISH. An Effort Being Made to Relieve Terrible Condition of Peasants. Dublin, Jan. 17. -The Grand Orange lodge of Ireland has adopted tho fol lowing resolution: "That ttie Grand Orange lodge of Ireland, believing that devolution is merely anot her name for home rule, strongly protests against any attempt to weaken tho union between this country and Great Britain, and repu diates in the most unreserved manner tho action of so-called unionists in identifying themselves with the mem bers of the Irish Reform association." Speaking in Dublin at a gathering of tho Ireland branch of the United Irish league, John Redmond said that tho Gaolic league was doing a noble work for the country, and that lie had always regarded it as compli mentary to the political movement, lie would deploro the existence of any friction between them. Addressing a meet,Ing of national ists at Tomploboy, Mr. Redmond said that the problem of the west of Ire land was only now beginning to bo understood painfully and slowly In England. There were rich lands in Connaught, hut they were occupied with cattle ranches which wero in the hands of a few men, while tho whole population of the congested district was huddled on the fringes of hog and mountain. From these wretched peo ple the shadow of famine was never absent. The persecution which had driven them from the rich lands had been created and maintained with a callous cru 11y by English rule. The only effective rem uiy for Mils state of affairs would b : to .sweep the unecon omical holdings out of existence. PLAY WAS A SUCCESS. Uvii.c Tdtcnt FVe.ifl'j'loB at Opera House WT:i Received. Tho production of tho rnolo-drama, Tho Blue and the Gray," in Culver's hall Tuesday and Wednesday even ings by a company of homo talent was a success in overy particular. Prof. Silloway iiad the play in charge and the entire success of tho play was due largely t,i> his energy and good man agement . Every scat In tho house was taken Tuesday night when t he curtain went up. The cast was well selected and each part was performed in a credit able manner. As Dltaliich, the dutchman, Prof Silloway was un doubtedly (ho star. Harry !'-eggsplay ed tho part of Toddy, tho Irish re cruit, in a worthy manner while Her hert Silloway look the part of Harry Pearson, the hero of the plot, in ex cellent manner. Roy G. A yore as Colonel St. Loon and Chflic Grupo as John Harkin', the overseer of tho St. Leon plantation eaidi won the fav or of the audience. 'Idle difficult part of Maud St. Loon wr.s played in a most effective manner by Miss Corol leo Phillips. 'Idie natural elocution ary talent, which Miss Phillips pos sesses enabled her to bring out this part to excellent, advantage. Mis*' Orpha Noble made a first class Polly Prim and gave tin part just tin right amount, of spirit to make tho audlenee enjoy it. Miss Theta Dough erty played the part of Mrs. St. Leon a painstaking and pleasing manner. Archie Karuham covered himself with glory in tho manner in which he play the part of Uncle Ned, the old darkey. John Phillips made a good, guerilla officer and Ralph Tavernier, tho fait hful friend of Harry Pear son manifested drainati; ability. half dozen of the high school hoys who did duty as guerilla s > discs wore always on the right so it, a!» the right, time. Tin pickaninnies made a lilt with their singing and dancing. Tom Stout, had the part of Frank Duncan, the villian who receives his just de serts in the last, seen ;. The play was given Wednesday night and the house was once more crowded. About $135 was realized above all expenses and tho money will be devoted largely to paying the expenses of the high school athletic team while they are training for the state meet in the spring. If you are looking for reduced prices shoes overshoes and rubbers call on Dahl, the shoemaker. Blackford & Blackford, attorneys, First National bank building.