Newspaper Page Text
Fergus County Democrat.
Vol. I. No. 25 LEWISTOWN, FERGUS COUNTY, MONTANA, TUESDAY, JAN. 31, 1905. CARNEGIE WILL MAKE DONATION Philanthropic Scotchman Notifies Library Board That He Will Do nate Ten Thousand. WILL ERECT A GOOD BUILDING Conditions Prescribed by the Donner Can Be Easily Complied With Will Be Built Next Summer. Frank E. Smith, chairman of the public library board, last Friday re ceived a letter from the private secre tary of Mr. Andrew Carnegie stating that the generous Pittsburgher wUl give to the library board of Lewistown $10,000 for the erection of a library building, provided the city will raise $1,000 a year for the maintainance of of the library. No news has come to Lewistown in many days that was re ceived with more gratification than that conrained in this letter. It is the fruition of hopes which the mem bers of the library board have had for many months but which they did not expect to see realized so soon as this. - To the persistant efforts of Chair man Frank E. Smith of the library board are duo, largely, the success of securing this splendid donation. Sever al years ago, he commenced writing to the steel man asking fora library gift. His letters were scarcely noticed at first but about ever six months, he would renew his application on be half of the board. The answers to his letters gradually became more favor able and a few weeks ago a letter was received from Carnegie's secretary asking what the city would be able to do toward maintaining a library in case Mr. Carnegie gave the money with which to erect a building. This letter was premptly answered and the answer brought the long desired letter announcing the willingness of Mr. Carnegie to make a donation. It was hardly expected that a donation, if one was secured all, would exceed $7, 500 and even $5,000 would have been acceptible, but Carnegie seldom does things by halves and the fact that Lewistown now raises by taxation, a large amount for the maintainance of a library probably had the effect of causing him to make the gift a comparatively large one. The conditions imposed upon Lew istown are that a suitable site shall be furnished and at least $1,000 a year raised for maintaining the library. The first condition is the only one which the board willl have to fulfill. It is thought that no trouble will be experienced in securing a site. There is an opportunity for some local phil anthropist to win the thanks of the city by donating a lot in some conven ient portion of the city. But if such a donation is not forthcoming, the lot will be secured in some manner. The board hope to have all conditions fulfilled so that the build ing can be erected during the com ing summer. Mining During Year 1904. The following is a brief summary of the mining operations in tills state during the year of 1904: Copper—Omitting the product of the mines worked by leases and small com panies, which aggregate 250 tons per day, the total quantity of ore shipped by Amalgamated, Speculator, United Copper and Clark mines aggregate 4, 106,«50 tons; of which the Amalgama ted is credited with 3,217,400; United Copper, 438,000; Clark, 360,000; and the Speculator, 91,000. Gold The mines of Fergus county have done well. The Barnes-King, at Kendall, mined and treated 6,500 tons of ore per month, did a lot of de velopment work and installed a 75-h. p. motor with which to operate the mill. An adit was started to trans verse the entire length of the proper ty, a mile; and two shafts are being sunk to ventilate. A depth of over 700 feet, on the dip of the lode, has been attained. At the Kendall mine owned by the company of that name, 9,000 tons per month were mined and treated. The ore body has been pros pected to a depth of more than one thousand feet with a diamond drill. The Whiskey Gulch mine, near Gilt Edge, yielded 3,000 tons per month and the Gold Reef, 4,000. The Maginnls mine, near Maiden, was bonded a few months ago and some promising ore bodies have been opened. In the Little Rocky district of Choteau county the Alder Gulch company extracted 3,000 tons per month from their mine. More Battleships Wanted. President Roosevelt has authorized the publication by the navy depart ment of an official memorandum, drawing from the Port Arthur cam paign the lesson of the supremacy of battleships in naval warfare. This inspired statement condemns the at tempt "to neutralize something pow erful and costly by means of an in ferior and cheap agent." It asserts that torpedo boats have accomplished no important results in the present war after the first blow, which was "a surprise far excelling the usual ele ments of a surprise attack," the four teen Russian vessels being "anchored close together in the outer funnel shaped roadstead without suspicion of impending hostilities, not a patrol be ing out and the crews peacefully sleeping in their usual berths." Un der these extraordinarily favorable conditions, amounting merely to "easy target practice," twelve Japanese de stroyers discharged at least twenty four torpedoes, and probably more, of which three took effect. In the final stage of the siege the Sevastopol lay in the outer roadstead, a stationary target for two weeks, and probably not less than one hundred and fifty torpedoes were aimed at her, but it was not until she had withstood con tinuous day and night attacks by Japanese torpedo boats and destroyers for ten days that she was hit by three torpedoes and beached. The obvious moral is that America wants plenty of battleships, even if they do cost $8,000,000 apiece, with a deficit of $22,000,000 in the treasury. But hungry congressmen have begun to protest against allowing all the money they need for their districts to be swallowed up by the navy, and they have begun a formidable agitation to have the battleships demanded by the administration reduced from three to STILL GOT 'EM IN BILLINGS. Small Pox Situation Sligbtly Better -Quarantine On. Billings, Jan. 26.—Two new cases of smallpox occurred here today, both in houses where the disease already ex ists. No deaths have occurred for a week. Of 18 persons who were in the L. & L. saloon yesterday when a man named Green found to be affected with the disease was taken therefrom 11 have been removed to the deten tion hospital, where they will be held the required length of time to ascer tain if any develop contagion. In re gard to the persons who have the dis ease at Miles City and who, according to report, hired a farmer to drive them from Billings to Huntley, where they boarded the train, Mayor Foster stated this evening to the Tribune representative that he will make an investigation of the matter, and if it is proven that the parties violated the quarantine regulations, as alleged, he will direct the officers at Miles City to arrest them when they recover from the disease, and they will be prose cuted to the full extent of the law. The work of removing patients from houses in the city to the isolation hos pitals is being pushed rapidly, and this part of the work, together with the fumigation of all houses from which patients are being removed, will be completed by Sunday next. Terrific Storm in Alaska. Vancouver, B. C., Jan. 26.—The worst blizzard ever known in the Klondike region raged last Thursday, Friday and Saturday. This news was brought down today by the steamer Dolphin from Skagway. Not only was the weather bitterly cold, but the snowfall is unprecedented. The gale swept the upper Yukon as far down as Dawson, and also took in the Tatiana and Copper river valleys. All trails are impassable, and the snow is drift ed in many places to a depth of 20 feet. Miners and prospectors are said to be suffering untold hardships, and ad vices from the interior are to the ef fect that there is fear that some men will die of cold and starvation Ten days ago a party started from Fair banks to A aldez, and another from Fairbanks to Dawson. It is feared that both of these have been lost. Relief parties have been sent out from Dawson, and every effort will be made to locate the missing men. The winter trail is not a long one, and men who have come over it since these par ties started out say that not a vestige 1 of life was seen by them. REPUBLICANS ARE DEFEATED Their "Safely Guarded" Initiative and Referendum Bill Voted Down In the House. GIST OF THE LEGISLATIVE NEWS The Past Week a Busy One for the Solons-Many Important Meas ures Considered. Helena, Jan. 24.—Both the senate and house had interesting sessions to day. The senate passed a resolution which means that the Meagher mon ument will not be allowed to occupy the site selected in the walk, if the house concurs. The upper house to day passed a joint resolution giving the association in charge of the erec tion of the monument the privilege of putting the monument anywhere in the capitol grounds save where the base has been erected. An important resolution, adopted by the senate, asks the state auditor to furnish that body with detailed in formation in regard to certain ex penditures from the organization of the state. Another resolution calls for detailed information in regard to the state lands. The senate had the page question up, and it disposed of it by laying the communication of Truant Officer Cal vin on the table. The house also had the page ques tion to consider, and it dispensed with the services of two of the boys who came under the operations of the law. About the first business transacted by the house was to adopt a report of the committee on privileges and elec tions in favor of seating Richardson, republican, in place of Wellma: , dem ocrat. The report was adopted and later in the day Richardson took the oath. The house passed the bill providing for the reduction from ten to five cents of the mileage allowed sheriffs for the transportation of prisoners and insane persons. Helena, Jan. 25.—Interest centered in the house today, where the com mittee on privileges and eldfetions re ported on the initiative and referen dum bills. The majority of the com mittee, comprising the republican members, reported a substitute for the Lanstrum and Lannin bills. The minority reported the two bills named favorably. There was considerable debate on the two reports and finally, by a vote of 39 to 30, the minority re port was adopted and a combined bill, modeled after the Oregon law, went to the printing committee. A number of bills were introduced in the house, the total reaching an even 100. The senate reconsidered the vote of the day previous on the joint resolu tion by which the Meagher monument was given a site on the capitol grounds except on the walk, and referred the resolution back to the committee on public buildings. * * * * There was discussion of house bill No. 32, by Wiedeman, authorizing school trustees to repay borrowed money. Senators White and Ralston spoke against the bill, the former say ing that the passage of the bill would set a dangerous precedent; it would mean that officials might violate the school law, or any other law for that matter, and come to the legislature and have those acts validated. The law, he said, was proposed mainly for the benefit of Fergus county, and he asked consent for Judge E. K. Cheadle of Lewistown to explain the bill to the senate. Senator Whipple objected on account of time, and, the question coming to a vote, the committee de cided to recommend that the t ill be concurred in. Alwaps a Smooth Tom. A dispatch from Charles City, Iowa, says that the election of Thomas II. Carter as United States senator in Montana recalls an incident which happened in that vicinity many years ago when Tom was a book agent, sell ing a work called "Footprints of Time". The hustling book agent met Chaun cey Kellogg, a young man ivlio had just inherited an 80-acre tract of land. Flo induced young Kellogg to deed him the eighty in consideration of his being appointed as sole agent of the Ixiok in that county. Kellogg took the agency and did not sell over ten of the books. The eigh ty is now valued at something like $2oo an ace. Kellogg's friends tried to have him institute legal proceed ings for the recovery of the property but he felt morally bound by the con tract and took his bitter pill without a tremor. He is now making a living by keeping a small store at Lehigh. THFY FAVOR "RACE SUICIDE." Gang of New York Women Present Novel Views on Mooted Question. New York, Jan. 25.-The Women's Society for Political Study has dis cussed the injustice done to children in large families, where the parents are unable to support them properly, and after due consideration those present came out strongly in support of "race suicide." The discussion was started by the reading of weekly municipal reports. It developed that the society desires to procure anti-pauperism laws that shall restrict the propagation of the human species. The speakers ex pressed the belief that such laws would furnish the solution of the child labor question, of overcrowded schools and all other complaints that hang upon the rapid increase of chil dren. . "We are wasting sympathy," de clared one speaker, "on people who surround themselves with large num bers of little ones when they cannot possibly feed them. Let the parents starve if they bring paupers into the world." BRYAN HIS OWN ATTORNEY. Former Presidential Candidate Makes Strong Plea in Bennett Case. New Haven, Conn., Jan. 25.—Argu ments were heard in the Connecticut court of errors Tuesday on an appeal v William J, Bryan from the decision of the superior court, denying him to receive $50,000 mentioned in the fa mous sealed letter left by the late Philo S. Bennett, of whose estate Mr. Bryan is executor. Mr. Bryan spoke eloquently for three-quarters of an hour. He said it was due him in this case to say a few words as to the intent of the testator. This intent, he thought, was very plain, and he hoped the court would be explicit as to whether the sealed letter could be received as a declara tion of trust, even if not a part of the will. He said that most will contests turned on two or three questions, usu ally on the capacity of a testator to make a will, on the question of undue influence, or on the intent of the tes tator in making bequests, in this case he thought Mr. Bennett ideally competent to make a will. As to the question of undue influence, he cited the fact that Mr. Bennett traveled 1,500 miles to Nebraska, carrying with him a will to be used as a model, and afterward traveled 1,500 mil es back to New York, where he duly executed the will. The question, therefore, turns on the intent of the testator. TIGER SENT TO COVER. Carbon County Sheriff Gets Busy With the Gambling Men. Red Lodge, Jan. 27.—By midnight next Wednesday night Carbon will be one of the most moral counties in Montana. Sheriff Potter has decreed that all gambling games must go out of business by that time. He made his first fiat go into effect at Bridger, having been appealed to for instruc tions from Deputy Sheriff Barlow. It seems that this action occurred as the result of a disagreement, be tween George Town and Henry Win ters. Town had been renting the rear of Winters' saloon for hotel pur poses. He was ordered to vacate and retaliated by charging the lessees of the gambling privileges in Winters' saloon with gambling. They were ar rested and fined $200, but the fines were remitted. They were then com plained of again, and Sheriff Potter ordered everything closed. lie then also promulgated an order in Red Lodge decreeing that at the end of this month every slot machine must be taken out of saloons and t lie games stopped. Thus will the recommendations of the recent grand jury be carried into effect. The city has been collecting tribute from the games for months, under a so-called monthly fining sys tem. DR. MONAHAN A LUCKY MAN Former Resident of Lewistown Cast Some Bread Upon the Waters and It Has Come Back. ONE OUT OF TEN THOUSAND A Patient Treated Here Years Ago Pays His Bill With Triple Com pound Interest. Dr. T. J. Monahan, whose head quarters are now at Bingham Junc tion, but who formerly practiced in Montana, does not think that human nature is altogether bad, says the Salt Lake Tribune. He has always been liberal in his estimates of it, biit an occurrence of yesterday, when he met J. E. Fox, just returned from Alaska, has elevated his estimate of human virtue and he now thinks it is .99 tine. As stated, Dr. Monahan formerly practised his profession of medicine and surgery in Montana. While in that pursuit he operated on Fox for an abcess of the lungs and pulled him through. Fox was impecunious at the time and gave the doctor the "long finger," finally disappearing from Montana. From his story, related by himself to Dr. Monahan, he went to Alaska and secured a claim or t wo, and hav ing in mind the gratitude due the doctor for saving his life, his claims were located jointly in his own name and that of the doctor. Some years passed and his labors resulted in the discovery of good values, and he was made an offer of $20,000 for the group. He agreed to sell, but as the claims the deal is now pending for Dr. Mon ahan's signature to the necessary doc uments. Fox, in his quandry, returned to Montana to find Dr. Monahan, but the latter had left, and for nearly a year Fox has been looking for him It was by the merest accident that he ran into him. Monahan did not at first recognize Fox, but the latter ex plained that he owed him a fee for medical treatment in Montana, the debt being of years' standing, and then explained that before he could realize on $20,000 worth of property in Alaska he would have to have the doctor's signature. Thus Dr. Monahan gets a fee of $10,000 for an operation of eight years ago. He has waited a long time for his pay, but thinks the rate of inter est is good. Half ^ V"7»T" J 1 " t0 L hed ° C ^ aud half t0 himself he could not deliver title, and the deal is now nendoe- for Dr Mm. WOOL HOLDING UP WELL. Territorial Selling at Good Figures— But Little Wool in Boston. Territory wool is selling to the best of its ability. According to the larg est individual owner, there are not over 4,000,000 pounds of all kinds left in Boston, that is, outside of that in a scoured state. With due allowance for exaggeration on the minimum side, there is a very small stock even of Wyoming wool left forsale. All the choicest product of Montana and oth er sections was cornered by manufac turers months ago, says the Commer cial Bulletin. With the depletion of supplies the market has lost none of its former strength. The scoured ba sis of the small lots of clothing wools sold during the week has beeu 65(«>fl7c for fine and 62(</>63c for fine medium. In medium grades, there have been sales principally on the basis of 60(d 62c for one-quarter and three-eighths blood. Fine staple would readily bring 70c clean. It would be a decidedly interesting situation but for the closely watched foreign developments and the interest taken in the movements of the specu lators in the unshorn clips of the west. After the fit of nerves occasioned by the talk of tariff revision contracting operations have been resumed. Four of the largest of Boston's dealers keep in tiie forefront and efforts to call them off have proved of no avail. In every section where the grower is will ing, the value of the 1905 clip is beiug established six months in advance of shearing. Buyers have left for Arizona and the bona fide opening of the sea son will begin in that section in a fortnight or three weeks. The news from the goods market is decidedly bullish. For standard clays, serges, in finished worsteds, etc., an average advance of 15 per cent is an nounced by the American Woolen company. Some goods are 25 per cent higher than a year ago. The lower priced fabrics, previously opened, have sold well and many mills have withdrawn their products as sold up. So far the higher prices quoted appear to have been no restraint on business. It remains to lie seen whether the season turns out as well as the pres ent promise. There is apparently lit tle trouble about the large mills get ting all the business they can handle even on the higher basis quoted. It is the small mills without a good sup ply of raw material on hand about whom there is any question, but the fact that the big fellows have estab lished prices on a higher basis should lie a help all around. ASSESSORS COMPLETE WORK. State Meeting Adjourns After Agree ing on New Valuations. Helena, Jan. 26.—The last action taken by the county assessors before they adjourned was to increase the valuation of the polos and one iron wire to $45 per mile on the lines of the Postal Telegraph company. This is an increase of $10 per mile over hist year's assessment. The convention reconsidered t he report or the com mittee on insurance and personal property, and fixed the valuation of the Rocky Mountain Bell Telephone company and of the Western Union Telegraph company at $65 per mile for poles and one Iron wire, an Increase of $15 over last year. The report of the livestock commit tee, which was placed on tile Wednes day, was adopted today. 'Phis means an increase of 50 cents per head in the valuat ion of sheep and of 25 cents per head on lambs. The assessors today adopted a sched ule of the valuation of lumber, logs and coal, as follows: Kough lumber, $5 to $7 a thousand; clear lumber, $10 a thousand and upl wa , d; logS) * 2 to $3,according to loa .. . ** ' uj tion. The assessment of timber lands as fixed was: First class, per acre, $ 6 ; second class, $4; third class, $3; coal land, $20 an acre. The assessment of lath, together with coal in storage, was left to the discretion of assessors. Jerry Sullivan was elected president of the association for the ensuing year and Daniel McQuarrles secretary. Missoula was selected as the next place of meeting. PFAUS APPOINTED POSTMASTER. City Clerk Lands the Coveted Plun Without Much Effort. A telegram was received by Rev. Albert Pfaus last Thursday from Con gressman Joseph M. Dixon informing him that lie had been appointed post master for this place to succeed the present Incumbent, A. J. Stephens, whose resignation was tiled about ten days ago. The change will take place within a month or six weeks. Mr. Stephens has been in the local office for tiie past five years and has made a conscientious effort to give people a good service, but for the greater part of the time he has been handicapped from a lack of sufficient assistance. The government lias allowed him an assistant during tiie last fifteen months and by paying for another out of his own salary lie has managed the ever growing business. The incoming postmaster, Mr.Pfaus, is considered a good man for the posi tion which was made vacant by tiie resignation of Mr. Stephens. lie has been engaged for the last two years 1 in such work as he will be called upon to perform in the postofflee, and after he has become acquainted with the routine of the office he will undoubt edly get along in a most satisfactory manner. He will resign his position as city clerk as soon as he enters the postofflee. Since he lias been keeping track of the work of the city council he has won the absolute approval of the members of that body by his efficient work. During the last campaign Mr. Pfaus performed valorous service for his party, and it was this service which secured for him the endorse ment of the unbroken republican or ganization in this county for the post office job. While they are all on the inside of the corral and to an outsider like the Democrat their political an tics are not particularly interesting, we nevertheless take pleasure in wish ing Mr. Pfaus a successful tenure in the postoffice.