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FERGUS COUNTY DEMOCRAT.
LEWISTOWN, MONTANA ......................... SUBSCRIPTION: Per Year ............................................... Six Months ........................................... TOM STOUT.......................................... .Publisher and Proprietor What a Change. In Ilia last issu*, our worthy con temporary consumed ai<out a column of his editorial space in talking about the communication recently published in the paper from the democratic cen tral committee relating to the county printing contract. Our friend puts forth the theory that the printing should be let to the lowest bidder. It is really wonderful how -«ur friend I switches around on that subject. Just one year ago when the matter was called to his attention, he asserted through the editorial columns of his paper that "it is a recognized fact that the county printing is a party perquisite, going to the official paper of whatever party happens to be in power." We assume that the people are pretty well posted on this county printing proposition and we do not intend to gratify our worthy contemporary In bis evident desire for another con troversy on the subject. As a matter of fact, ever since the county has been organized, the Argus has been the official paper because of the fact that the republican party has been in power the greater part of that time. No regard has been paid to bids, the Argus having been given the contract many times when their bid was notoriously the higher. Last November the voters, by their votes said that the Argus has had enough of this patronage for awhile at least, and named democrats for a ma jority of the places on the board of commissionitrs. Utterly disregarding this expressed wish of the people, the retiring board proceeded to let a contract to the Argus for two years' printing, hoping •hus to forestall any action on the' part of the incoming board. Backed by the profits of twenty years, the Argus, simply as a matter of spite work, put in a bid at a price at which no paper could make a profit or even break even. Before entering into the contract with ffhe Argus, the old board of county Commissioners asked County Attorney Avers for an opinion on the matter and ho gave them one, which holds that they had no right to make such a contract. Disregarding this opinion by their local legal adviser, the board let the contract only to have it de clared illegal by the attorney general. That is all there is to it up to date. We have not the slightest idea of what course will be pursued by the present board of commissioners when they meet. And in the meantime, we would respectfully request our worthy con temporary to peruse carefully and even prayerfully, his editorial of one year ago on "party perquisites." The Tale of Many Wrecks. In the last issue of the Tribune there were three lading items of telegraphic news, all about railroad wrecks in dif ferent parts of the country in which lives were lost ,and in each case the blame was placed on some incompetent or careless operator. One of these was on the Northern Pacific and the oper ator frankly admitted his blame, offer ing as an excuse that his duties were such that he could not get two hours consecutive sleep. In another ease on fhe Rock Island road, a 19-year-old boy failed to hold the train as ordered. In still another, the blame was not fully fixed as between the station agent and the engineer. We expect that the tremendous pressure on the railroad companies for transportation, accom panied by the scarcity of mm com petent to fill railroad jobs satisfac torily, ought in fairness to be taken into consideration in any criticism made on the kind of help they appear to employ, and the growing frequency of accidents which cause loss of life through the incompetency or unfitness of employes at small stations along the road. And yet from what we know about the wages usually paid to the operators and station agents, how can the railroad companies hope or ex pect to get any but the unfit and failures in their profession. No good, bright competent telegraph operator !s obliged to work at from $50 to $70 a month these days, and that is about what they pay at many of the small railroad stations throughout the United States. With the cost of living no man of good habits, reliable character and competency at his business can be found to accept the smaller salaried jobs. They don't have to do so. There is plenty of demand for their services elsewhere, and in consequence for the cheap wages offered, the railroad com panies have often to put up with the unreliable a/nd unfit employe, who is not wanted elsewhere, when they come to fill positions on their line «t small country stations, where there is little business. Yet the time is liable to come when the service of this mac is just as important to the safety of the traveling public as any employe of the road from the superintendent down. The increasing number of railroad wrecks in the pa'st few months Is something that the* interstate railroad commission ought to inquire into. When the railroads are straining the utmost limit of their plants to meet the im patient demands of the public more wrecks are to be expected. That is the case at present. But we have ia sus picion that some or these could have been avoided if a little more care and cash had been spent by the railroad companies in securing the men who ar;> located at the stations along the line of the road, and on whom falls much of the responsibility of handling train orders. Montana's Valuable Lands. After all it will be well if the diffi culties of the meat and wool raisers of Montana drive out husbandmen into the bigger, better and more enduring field of crop husbandry. It is useless to quarrel with the changed conditions. The dav of the vast, free range is past Thf- forest is conserved. Lands thiit never grew a tree within the memory of man are made part and parcel of the forestry reserve. In a marrow intimate sense these are impositions. In a big, broad, cum ulative sense they will drive us into wise, sequential, scientific farming. Mr. Lewis Penwell, of Helena, the most successful and expert promoter of agri cultural enterprises in the state, writing In the New Year's number of the Northwestern Stockman and Farmer, says that a most remarkable meta morphosis is now being effected in a very large body of land along the line of the new Milwaukee road in central Montana. Lundi that years ago was acquired solely for grazing land is now being turned gradually into farming land by the advent of the winter wheat dry land farmer. Many of the old-time ranchers in this section who own thousands of acres, andi who scoffed at the idea of ever using the land for farming pur poses, are now awakening to the fa*t that the land is actually too valuable for stock raising purposes, and that the land itself is worth much more for farming purposes than it formerly was with the live stock on it. The Montana rancher's idea of what land is valuable is exactly the reverse of the winter wheat farmer's. The native Montana rancher valued the meadow land above everything else; the bench land next; the high land in the vic inity of timber the least valuable of all. On the contrary the winter wheat farmer puts the highest value on the rich loam of the land lying along the timber; next comes the bench land, and least of all the bottom landt The advent of a railroad into a 'locality, of course, is the all important feature in raising real estate values. This is particularly noticeable in the Gal latin valley and the Shields river. In going from the Gallatin valley through the Flathead pass one finds the foot hills farmed' by the winter wheat man to the very edge of the timber. The land raises enormous crops and readily sells at from $30 to $50 an acre. Six miles through the canyon and at the upper end of th. Shields river exactly the same character of land is now s«lling for from $5 to $10 an acre. The only difference is that the Gallatin valley is an old, settled, developed community, where values have adjusted' themselves to the revenue which can be produced from the land by using it for winter wheat purposes.—Helena Independent. 01R FOREST RESERVES Administration Side of Conti over sy Given by Giffard Purchase. A short time -ago the Democrat pub lished an article on the creation of forest reserves, and extension of the boundaries of the older ones, during the past year. Other papers of the state have likewise devoted a great deal of space to the fact that so large a part of Montana is included within forest reserves. Before the recent withdrawal of the order forbidding en try on coal lands in this state, about two-thirds of the total area of the state was estimated to be included in land withheld from settlement owing to the government's policies in regard to forest reserves, irrigation projects, state land grants, reclamation plans. coal lands and Indian and military reservations. This matter were called to the at tention of Gifford Pinchot, head of the forest service, and while he does not dispute the figures, he is of the opinion according ito a statement from Wash ington, that the subject in the form in which it was presented failed to place the matter In a proper light. "To realize the use and benefit of forest reserves," said Mr. Pinchot, "it is well to understand that ithe reserves occupy lands practically worthless for other uses—high, rough country unfit for agriculture and unfit for homes. Except for the grazing they would have no use. If unreserved they would soon become worthless even for Tnese purposes. The timber would be cTean cut, water would be no longer con served and the val«e of the range would disappear through overstocking, while the mines could be worked only at far greater expense, If at all, in the absence of necessary timber within reach. "The perpetual usefulness of the land is secured when a reserve is created. The timber is cut to meet all legiti mate demands, large and small, but not so rashlv as to rob the future; timber speculation ceases. The range is open to stockmen, but it is so al lotted that the rights of the small and the large owner, the sheepman and the cattleman are carefully and equit ably safeguarded and so cared for that overgrazing no longer threatens the stability of the livestock industry. Miners enjoy to the full the same rights as they do on land unreserved, but with the added security that the government guarantees the lasting supply of the timber without which mining must seriously suffer. Water, which is the life of agriculture in the valleys, is so conserved that irrigation becomes practicable and dependable; drouth and flood, with which the naked slopes would have harassed the country, are checked by the forest cover and transformed into reliable streams of priceless value. "Without reserves the country which they occupy might occupy a passing boom," continued Mr. Pinchot, "but the end would come quickly. Waste lands stripped of all riches, woulld alone he left to show how deceptive the tem porary prosperity was in actual fact. Reserves bring the true and lasting de velopment which is possible only when natural resources are so used as to in sure their permanent usefulness. "It is a pity tiiat the word 'reserve' was ever used for the national forests. Though without good reason, many persons are led by it to regard the re serve boundary as a barrier against use, whereas it is far more truly a gateway to a place of secure use. Long after neighboring forest lands have been stripped for the quick returns of private business the national forests will still be offering all they contain to satisfy the public needs. Now that provision has been made for agricultural settlement within re serves wherever lands more valuable for agriculture than for forestry can be found, it has become possible, as never before, to establish homes in the heart of the forest with safety and without complete isolation from the outside world. As the government perfects its system of reserve roads and 'trails, the more rugged sections of the country will become more access ible than would otherwise have been possible. Counties which have lost taxable land by the creation of re serves are given by law 10 p, r cent of the gross receipts from reserves in each state, allotted according to the extent of the reserve in the counity, and to be devoted to the public roads and schools. Eventually this will bring greater benefits than could well have come through taxation to coun ties not so fortunate as to have re serve land within their borders. EAGLES' BALL AT KENDALL. Most Enjoyable Affair Polled Off By Enthnsiastie Organization. The scene of a merry gathering wm Jones' opera house in Kendall on New 1 ears eve. It was the occasion of the Eagles' annual ball and the house wae crowded to overflowing. Home s-emed to have no attraction for the Eagle Bidrs and their friends on this nigh! of all nights and each vied with the other in seeing how late he could stay. The hall was artistically and beautifully decorated with festoons, bunting, flags and other gay colored embellishments, together with the lodge emblems and altogether presented * gay and pleasing appearance; Mr. H. O. McLean did himself proud in the decorating of the hall and also had charge of the check room and in other ways made himself useful as well as "ornamentive." The festivities commenced about nine o'clock when the F. O. E. grand march was indulged In, and the procession, which was, It seemed, an. endless one as it moved up and down and across the hall, pre sented a gay and festive appearance and was led by Mr. and Mrs. Richard Jones, who seemed to understand per fectly each and every figure of the march. Immediately following the grand march an address of welcoms was made by Worthy President T. W. Humphrey who in a seat speech paid tribute to the lodge and especially t* the beauty of the Kendall ladies, also telling those present to "stiek around" a while as he was about to open a keg of nails. Th program was long and varied and nearly every dance on th* calendar was danced and he who wmm not satisfied must certainly have ly e* hard to | lease. AiKiut midnight the dancers were requested to from in pro cession in order that sixteen couple might be told off, for that was th* number that eould be accommodated at the tallies, and could go to supper. The Danils restaurant was the scene of the big feed and this popular estab lishment certainly did itself proud both in the m<nu and the manner in which it was served and the decorations In the restaurant were elaborate and added not a little to the enjoyment of the supper. The entire crowd went t* supper in relay* of sixteen coup!* each, and were ably handled by an efficient force of waiters. The committee on arrangements con sisted of Messrs. C. D. Kimbull, W. T. Graham, and Butte H. Tipton, while the members of the floor eonimitts* were William Mader, Hugh Livingston, and John Nearing, each and all #f whom acquitted themselves creditably. The moonlight wait* was a most enjoyable special feature of the even ings entertainment and its popularity was attested to by the continuous applause and the Oliver Twist spirit which kept asking for "more." Unique souvenir badges, which were pretty ribbon affairs, were presented to all guests present and the musi*, which was rendered by the ever popu lar Hutchinson orchestra, was moat excellent.—Kendall Miner. Whist P arty at Kendall. Another of those delightful whiat patties was given at Miners' union hall Friday evening bv the Women of Woodcraft. The guests occupied six tallies and exercised the greatest skill and ingenuity to atract attention from the little Miss who wielded the instru ment which indicate?! the score. TlZG prizes offered were worth striving for, a pretty tourmaline stick pin for the successful gentleman, and a set of solid silver tea spoons for Ore luckw lady. The former was C. H. McLean; tile latter was Mrs. Stephens, and th* least was—well, in consideration for her feelings the scribe has conveniently forgotten her name. Some were die appointed no doubt in failing to get * prize, but surely no one Ha.? reason te be otherwise than satisfied with th* reception and luncfiebTrf^rlWcred fhem. — Kendall Miner. Newsy Items From Kendall. Shortly after the clock had tolled it* longest stint of hours, and 'the last strains of the moonlight waltz were weaning our souls from the sordid cares of the dying year, genial "Bob" Hamilton and his estimable wife, stood at the head of the festive board in their hospitable home extending t h* glad hand of welcome to a group of bachelor friends. Of most importance to the invited guests was the sump tuous repast prepared by Mrs. Ham ilton. It was certainly a fine supper and thoroughly enjoyed to the limit of .everyone's gastronomieal capacity. The stags who assembled at Mr. Ham ilton's bidding were: W. T. Graham, Orley Armold, Owen McCabe, William Shumate, Roy Carter, Hugh Livings ton, Sam Hamilton and Butte Tipton. Another of Kendall's popular young men has ruthlessly torn himself from the bosom of his friends and departed for green fields and pastures new. This time our loss is Thomas Hayden. Tommie, as he was familiarly knows won a warm nlaee in the hearts or everyone during his residence of two years or more in Kendall. He has gome to Bozeman where he will receivfr Instruction in illustrating and design ing at the agricultural college. Tommie has special talent along, these line*. When he returns to Kendall in June, as he expents to do, we have no doubt he will lie a full fledged artist. It is with exceeding regret that w* record the departure this week of Charles Fasel for the far east. Charli* has had in mind the trip for som* time and has devoted his hours *f leisure when not employed in office or mill toward its fulfillment. It ia Charlie's intention to take a course i* law in a prominent Chicago school. H* hopes to complete the course in leu than the prescribed time, which he ca» readily do because of the instruction h* has received by home study. We ar* crtainly sorry to see Charlie leave u*. Our only compensation for his loss I* that it will prove Chicago's gain. Lee Hilliard of Kendall who was formerly engaged in business in thia city is reported to be seriously ill with erysipelas. At last accounts the patient has shown some improvement and he is now said to be out of danger. Cash Grain Buyers" We Will pay CASH for — Turkey Red Milling Wheat (Sacks Scotch Fite Milling Wheat furnish- Crail Fife Wheat ed.) Spring and Fall Club Wheat Barley, Oats and Hay delivered on cars , Lewistown. J. T. Ballantyne, representing us, will be at the Day House in Lew istown indefinab ly and farmers with whom we now have contracts and those having grain to sell should call on him and arrange, for the ship ment of their crops as soon as possible. Montana Elevator Co., £ZZ a | Through Train Service The Nortthern Pacific Railway maintains fast through passenger service to principal points east and west. The North Coast Limitetd is operated daily westbound to Spokane, Seattle, Tacoma and' Portland^ with connectiotn for San Francisco, California, and British Columbia points, and daily eastbound for St. Paul, Mintneapolis, Superior and Dulutht, with afternoon and evening connecttiton for all points in the east and soutth. Pacific Express daily to points in Montana, Idaho, Washington and' Oregon. Twin City Express daily to main line points and to easttern terminals. Trains Numbers Five and Six also run daily between tSeattle and Tacoma and eastern terminals. Through Northern Paeific-Burlington service daily between Billing 3 andi points east and west and Denver, Kansas City, St. Louis, Lincoln and Chicago. Through dining cars and Stantdard Pullman Sleeping cars and Pull man tourist tears on all transcontinental thains. For full information about rates and for time folders call upon or write. NORTHERN PACIFIC RAILROAD CO. E. S. RICHARDS, General Agent Helena, Montana. r DAVID HILGER. E. O. BUSENBURG. HUger <£ Busenburg The Pioneer Real Estate and Live Stock Commission Agents Land Office Attorneys Conveyancing and Life, Accident and Fire In surance Agency. LAND SCRIP FOR SALE Phone 81 LEWISTOWN, MONTANA PATRICK NlHILL J. d. MALCOLM NlHILL & MALCOLM Insurance and Real Estate Agents We handle farm lands, stock ranches, town lots, live stock of all kinds, fire and plate glass Insurance. Long time loans negotiated. Prompt attention given to collect ions and notarial business. Office of Justice of the Peace. Office In Citizens Bank Building. Moore, Montana. Greatest premium offer ever made by a paper In Fergus county. A Good speed map, formerly sold at $3.00, and the Democrat one year in advance for $2.50. Sharp & Tayer Backache Any person having backache, kidney pains or bladder trouble who will take two or three Pine-ules upon retiring at night shall be relieved before morning. COAL HHKm The medicinal virtues of the crude gums and resins ob tained from the Native Pine have been recognized by the medical pro tession for centuries. In Pine-nlee we offer ill of the virtues of the Native Pine that •re of value in relieving all Kidney and Bladder Troubles Guaranteed ia Give Sitiifaction ar Matey Beluodad, Prepared by Office at " The Fair " Bell Tel. 29 COAL PER TGK $6 00 PINE-ULE MEDICINE CO.. CHICAGO WM. JENKINS John Duggan BARBER Undertaker & - Embalmer All barbers employed are One block from opera house. Open First Class Workmen. Hot day and night. and Cold Baths in connec tion........................ OLD TEL. 25. NEW TEL. 1S5 Main St. Lewistown, Mont Lewistown, - Montana