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FERGUS COUNTY DEMOCRAT.
LEWISTOWN, MONTANA ..................... .................. March 5, 1207. SUBSCRIPTION: ...........................$2.60 TOM STOUT....................................... Farmers' Institutes. About three years ago the first Far mers' Institute was held in this city. At that time the attendance was by no means encouraging, although some excellent lectures were delivered 1 by Profs. Linfield and Elrod. East year another institute meeting was held here and the attendance was consider ably better, although not just what was desired. Last week the third of these institute meetings was held in Lewistown and the growing interest in the matters dealt with by the in stitute lecturers was manifested by large crowds of ranchers at each of the two meetings held. This growing interest in the science of ranching and stockgrowing bodes well for the future of those industries In Fergus county. Undoubtedly the time is fast ap proaching when ranching will be by far the dominant interest in this county. The county has settled up wonderfully during the past three years, but the influx of ranchers has just begun and within the next five years there will be thousands of peo ple settling: upon our dry benches and along our little streams for the pur pose of engaging in the occupation of agriculture. It has been amply demonstrated that by means of the scientific pres ervation of tin' rain fall and cultivation of the soil, the unirrigable bench lands of Fergus county can be made to produce good paying crops of wheat, oats and barlev. This means that hundreds of thousands of acres of land which one now valued 1 at but a dollar or two per acre can be treble*!' or quadrupled in value. It is highly essential that our new settlers be ac quainted with the proper methods of tilling these bench lands. For that reason, the value of these farmers' in stitutes to the people of this county cannot be estimated. Fergus county contains about the most extensive area of land 1 suscep tible of being farmed by the dry land method in the United States. Ir respective of the occupation that we may be engaged in, we should extend a hearty welcome and encouragement to the men who visit us .annually or semi-annually for the purpose of tell ing us of the best ways to make these lands profitably productive. Galen Stands Pat. Attorney General Albert Galen has reiterated his opinion, given to the board of commissioners of Fergus county, in answer to a query of the county attorney of Meagher county, where there is also a controversy over the printing contract. The Helena Record of recent date, contains the fol lowing account of the attorney gen eral's second opinion on the matter: In answer to a communication from W. L. Ford, county attorney from Meagher county, whether it was held by the attorney general's office that the contract for county printing en tered into by the retiring board of county commissioners was absolutely Vol4, or only voidable at the election of the incoming board, and also that if the contract was entered into by the retiring board with a paper that lacked ten days of having been pub lished continuously in such county at least six months Immediately pre ceding the awarding of such contract render the contract void, the attorney general luis rendered the following opinion: "Under section 42113 of the political code the county commissioners are not even required to ask for bids for county printing, but may, if they so desire, enter into a contract with any paper in their county that, in their judgment, shall be most suitable for performing said work, which has been published continuously in such county at least six months immediately pre ceding the awarding of the contract. "We must hold that it is against public policy for the old board, whose term of office is about to expire, to enter into a contract for work of the character of county printing which will be binding on the newly elected board, and thereby deprive them of the discretion they are given by the law in making such contracts. "If the board of county commissioners awarded the contract to a paper which had not been published! continuously for at least six months Immediately preceding the awarding of the con tract, such contract would be void. Our esteemed contemporary, the Billings Gazette, is taking a sort of mean advantage of the newspaperless plight of the city of Butte. In a recent issue, the Yellowstone paper took a hard fall out of the metropolis. saying that the welfare of the state by no means depends entirely upon the welfare of Butte, that even if Butte should shut d*own her mines there would still be Billings. We ourselves sometimes think that Butte assumes a few airs because of her size and pay roll, but we are not going to give the old ;girl a slap when Dobell, Gilroy, Shearer and Eggleston are not able to come back through the columns of the Miner, News, Inter Mountain and Standard. We refuse to hit a man when he's down and, therefore, will wait until the boys in Butte have start ed their printing presses before paying any adverse compliments to the cop per camp. The legislature will adjourn Thurs day, March 7. There will be few tears shed over the demise of this legjs, laturo, as it has not made such a rec ord as to lend enduring fame to its members. It has passed a railroad commission bill which is full of holes and has failed to pass an effective primary election law, which was one of the loudly proclaimed campaign promises of the republicans. The er rors of commission and! omission of the present legislative assembly make a mountain in comparison to the mole hill of effective legislation accomplish ed. We received last week the big sixty page illustrated industrial souve nir edition of the Red Lodge Picket. The editon contains a large number of excellent half tones and Carbon coun ty is comprehensively treated in a num ber of brilliantly written articles. Advertisers all over the county lib erally patronized the edition, making the edition a most valuable one for everyone living in the great coal camp. All of the work was done in the Picket office and) reflects the highest credit upon the proprietor, Walter Al derson, and his corps of assistants. a number of experiments which he has made on his ranch, showing that all that Is required to make Montana soil produce abundant and extremely valuable crops is an application of scientific methods to the business of ranching. Many ranchers were heard to ex press most favorable opinions of the two meetings held here and. the in stitute lecturers are assured of large and appreciative audiences whenever they may visit Lewistown in the future. Eastern papers devoted a column to a big -train wreck in which only one man was killed. The wreck was not considered unusual but the fact that but one person was killed was considered remarkable. Truly a very consoling affair for the family of the man killed. Over one-quarter of a million dollars' worth of buildings for Lewistown within twelve months. Thousands of dollars every month paid to laborers. That is what will make Lewistown the busiest spot in Montana this year. March came in sorter lamblike and it therefore behooves our people to lily in a good supply of coal by March 20th or thereabouts. Lewistown will be about the busiest spot in this entire busy Montana dur ing the next year. The end of the Thaw trial is said to be in sight, for which let us de voutly give thanks. MANUAL TRAINING IS OPPOSED. Editor of the Democrat: As you have loaned' your columns to the advocates of manual training in the high school, I hope you will lie* equally kind to its opponents. Manual training for boys and girls, as an indoor amusement, is undeniably a good thing; but persons who claim it can take the place of literature, the sciences, Latin, and the higher math ematics, virtually putr trades and technical skill above all professions, including the ministerial. Perhaps the fathers and mothers of Fergus county are willing to pay taxes to give teachers salaries rang ing from one to two hundred dollars a month to teach their boys to use tools, which knowledge could be ac quired far better in any carpenter's shop; and to teach their girls sewing, which they could learn equally well If they were apprenticed to a good dressmaker. The manual training equipment has already cost between three and four hundred dollars. Prof. Crane spends an hour and a half every morning (half of the best portion of the school day) teaching, a few boys to handle a chisel, hammer, etc. No doubt, the professor and the boys enjoy their occupation, but the taxpayers are not supporting the high school as a place of amusement. In some cases higher mathematics, the sciences, etc., may not serve any practical purpose in life, but they train the mind, and teach a correct habit of thought, which is, surely, very necessary to right living. The only chance the average boy or girl has to study these higher branches, is in the high school; and* their best ef forts along these lines will be necessary in order to store up in those four short years, enough mental discipline to last them through life. Certainly, no one will deny that a well disciplined mind! is a priceless possession. The leisure time of these youthful brain workers should be employed in healthful outdoor exercise. The Boston professors, referred to by Taxpayer, probably had in mind the Manual School of Training at Cambridge, Massachusetts, which is not connected with the high school there; the course is optional with the student. Doubtless, the aforesaid professors would be astonished! to learn theii words had been twisted into the de City Lots a-inn ,,.m on , , $4200 u 11 buy 80 lots in Fa.rview ad dition. Owner wants to sell in a bunch. $1000 will buy 2 lots on Idaho street between 4th and oth avenues. Good location. $ 650 will buy 2 lots on Corcoran street between Fourth and Fifth ave nues. These lots are exceptionally good values. There is within a radius of 2 blocks, lots that have soldi for $S00 Small one room house, pays $5 per month rent. $ 600 will buy three fine lots corner Fourth avenue and Pine street. $ 500 will buy two lots corner of Boule v vard and Seventh avenue. $ 500 will buy four lots in block S, Stafford 5t haddition, Nos. 1, 2, 11 and' 12. $ 500 will buy lots seven and eight, block 6, Stafford's fourth addi tion. $ 150 will buy 3 lots in block 3, Lew istown Land Co.'s addition. $ 450 will buy lots 5 and 6, block 6, Stafford's 4th addition. $ 350 will buy triangular piece of ground about equal to 3 lots, cor ner Idaho and Third avenue. $ 300 will buy lot 1, block 3, Stafford addition No. 3. $ 250 will buy lots 3 and 4, 50x90, Staf ford addition No. 3. $ 225 will buy lot 8, block 3, Stafford addition No 3. $ 100 will buy lot 7, block 32, Stafford addition No. 5. Nice location, corner lot. Houses and Lots $7000 will buy 6-room house and fine outbuildings, large barn and 4 lots in nice location. $5000 will buy a practically new 6 room house and 4 lots. Very nice location. $4000 will buy elegant 7-room house within 2 blocks of Main street. All modern improvements, lot 50x90. 3-room house on back of lot rents for $10 per month. Ex traordinary good value. $3500 will buy good residence and a machine shop in connection: Cor el- 6th avenue and Broadway; lot 50x90. This Is a snap. For short time only. $3000 3-room house and lot 90x150 cor ner 6th avenue and Broadway. Elegant location. $2800 will buy 5-room house and 4 lots on 5th avenue. $2500 will buy 5-room house and prac tically block of 7 lots goes with this. Excellent location. $2500 will buy 6-room house, barn and) 3 lots. 1st avenue and Broad way. $2400 nearly new 7-room house and lot on west side of Boulevard, be tween 3rd and* 4th avenues. $2400 will buy 6-room house on west side of Boulevard, between 3rd and 4th avenues. $2200 will buy 5-room house on lot 75x90, between 3rd 1 and 4th avenues on Montana street. $2200 will buy 5-room house, lot 50x90, west side of Boulevard. $2200 will buy 5-room house and 2 lots N. W. Cor. Watson and 6th avenue. $1800 will buy 7-room house, hard, finished, frame, good barn, nearly three lots. Riverdale addition. $1800 will buy 5-room house and 2 lots on 5th avenue, excellent location $1600 will buy 5-room house and lot on Main street near opera house. $1600 will buy two story 5-room house, lot 50x90, on Montana street, be tween 9th and 10th avenues. $1500 one house, 2 lots, small barn. Highland addition. $1300 will buy nice new 3-room hous* between 9th and 10th avenues on Montana street. $1200 will buy 3-room house and barn on lot 10. block 3, Morase ad dition to Lewistown. and 2, in Stone addition. fence of a compulsory substitution (in high schools) of manual training for intellectual training. A SUBSCRIBER NEIGHBORS GOT FOOLED. "I was literally coughing myself to death, and had become too weak to leave by bed; and neighbors predicted that I would never leave it alive; hut they got fooled, for thanks be to God, > was induced to try Mr King's New Discovery. It took lust four one dolhu bottles to completely cure the cough and restore me to good sound health" writes Mrs. Eva Uncapher, of Grove town, Stark Co., Ind. This king of cough and cold cures, is guaranteed by Phillips' Drug Co. 50c and $1.00. Trial bottle free. Greatest premium offer ever made by a paper in Fergus county. A Good speed map, formerly sold at $3.00, and the Democrat one year in advance for $2.50. $1000 will buy 5-room house on Mon tana street, between 3rd and 4th avenues. Rents for $15, extra good value _ * $1100 will buy large 3-room cottage, large cellar, barn and buggy shed; good well, lot 50x200; extra good bargain. $ 750 will buy 2-room house and 16-stall barn. 1 acre of property, good location. inOn acres of la-rod 1 in township 10 IUUII an( j ix, north range 18 east within about 2 miles of Long. Over 500 tons of wild hay were cut off this ranch this year; 11 water rights; fairly good ditches; good spring of water right at the house, good spring house, good barn, fairly good* log house, good granary unlimited amount of timber, good stock shed and well fenced. Price $16,000. mnn acres Within 12 miles of Gar IUUU neill, S miles from Burlington survey. Extra well improved prep erty, 650 inches water ,can cultivate 700 acres Long lease on school section adjoining. Price, $10 per acre. 0*n acres °f land, 3 miles from ** ■*! Lewistown. Well improved. $4,000 wort hof chattel property, all for $18,560. 800 acres ranch property 8 miles east of Grass Range. Good 6 room log house, plenty of other good outbuildings in good condition. Black smith shop; well fenced, over 300 acres tillable; lease on school land goes with this. Over 200 tons of hay cut on this ranch this year. Price $5,000. Qflfl acres of fine bench land, 5 ''WU miles from Lewistown. It is so level that nearly overy acre can be seen from the ranch house and nearly every acre can be cultivated. a gradual down grade to market; fenced and cross fenced, plenty of water, good new ranch house, large barn, blacksmith shop, machine shed, chicken house, wood and coal shed*, wind mill and other improvements, 165 acres in fall wheat, 100 oats more will be sown in oat . Soil is a black loam. This is a craekerjack. Price, $20,000. 640 acres of lan'd, good ranch, good outbuildings, fairly good house and barn, and $2,000 worth of chattel property. 5 miles from Lewistown. Price $7,500. OAK acres well Improved land, extra good buildings, barn a nidi house, plenty of water, wire fenced and cross fenced. Over half the land tillable. 4 miles from lewistown. Price, $20 per acre. ADA acres of land nicely situated on Beaver creek, 2-room frame house, other good outbuildings. Plenty of water, over 280 acres tillable. Price, $ 6 , 000 . Ann acres flne lamJ: > wefT improved, township 14, range 18 east Plenty, of water. Price $7,500. OOfl acres bench land on head of ,I *AV Cotonwood, exra good soil, fenced and cross fenced, gooi? 4-room log house, 16x60 frame barn, chicken house, good spring right at the door, plenty of running water. Price $20 per acre. OOfl acres fine ranch land, well fenced, plenty of water for stock purposes. $400 worth of chattel property. Price $5,200 net. OAA acres of land about 10 miles "*** from Lewistown, on East Fork. 1 small house, barn and gran aries, 3 good springs, 5 Oaeres plowed and 75 acres more can be plowed. Ififl acres Within 9 miles of Lew •WU istown, plenty of good open range adjoining. Good house and barn, $500 worth of chattel property. Price, $2,500. 160 acres located on middle fork of Spring creek, well im proved. Good 4-room log house, 2 room frame addition. Good! frame barn, granary, buggy shed, chicken huse. Good Stream of running water right through the ranch. Lots of timber and Ice house. Price, $2,eoo. 80 frame house, good log barn, granary, and other outbuildings. Well, pump, g,ood water. 7 acres of timber, 55 acres tillable. Price, $1,600. MORTON <S- MARTIN Real Estate Commission Agents Lang Building, LEWISTOWN. - - - MONTANA PROTECT YOURSELF. THE UNITED STATES THE STATE OF MONTANA THE COUNTY OF FERGUS and THE CITY OF LEWISTOWN ATT, Deposit their money with this bank. They know it is SAFE. You do the same, and you will protect yourself and family against all possible loss. Twice a year we credit up interest at the rate of Five per cent on all sums deposited in our Savings Bank Department, and this interest immediately begings to -earn other Interest for you. Our Safety Deposit Vaults are absolutely Fire and Burglar proof. We rent individual safes at from four dollars per year up. We en deavor to make It both agreeable and profitable for you to do bus iness with us, and are confident of our ability to be of real ser-, vice to you.................. First National Bank of Lewistown CAPITAL, $200,000.00 SURPLUS. $50,000.00 UNITED STATES DEPOSITARY FOR SALE Greatest Land otifir Ever Known The E.J. Caldwell Realty Co. Of Kerman, California, are selling in subdivisions of any siae, at $75 per acre, any of their holdings In the Irrigated Farms Company's Tract, Fresno county, California, on the following terms: The purchaser pays one quarter of the purchase price at tha end of the second! year, one quarter at the end of the third year, one quarter at the end of the fourth year and one quarter at the end one of the fifth year, and ajgrees to plant the land to trees, vines or alfalfa, etc., pay interest, and a waiter tax of 62 1-2 cents per year. Is the land GOOD? If not, could we afford to loan $76 per acre (the full purchase price) on the land, which we are actually doing by selling it on the above terms? The land Is perfectly level, a rich alluvial of flne feture, lays ex ceptionally well, no hardpan, not subject to overflow, under the best Irrigation system in the state, a first class water right goes with the land without charge. You Can Take Your Choice of the Choicest of These Choice Lands. This Offer Good for Thirty Days Only. History repeats itself. Ail great fortunes of today had their be ginning in the purchase of land. Our offer gives you an opportunity never before heard of. In vestigate now. Secure best location, and lay "the foundation for a fine fortune. You have all to gain and nothing to lose. GEORGE N. CALDWELL, RESIDENT AGENT, LeWistoWn, ------ Montana. Office with Worden & Scott, Attorneys, Telephone Building. WE WILL FEED YOU Bran and Shorts, sacked, ton...............$16.00 Bran and Shorts, loose, ton.............. $14 00 Chop Feed, per cwt..................... $ 1 50 OTHER MILL PRODUCTS AT LOW PRICES J ♦ L. STUART & CO., (Lessees) JUDITH BASIN MILL