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FERGUS COUNTY DEMOCRAT.
LEWISTOWN, MONTANA................. Entered at the postoffice at Lewistown, Montana, as second class matter. SUBSCRIPTION: One year .................................... Six months ..................................... T i « Three months ............................... TOM STOUT ................. .......... Publisher and Proprietor CAUSE OF THE PANIC. A good republican friend took us to task a few days ago for insinuat ing that the republican party is, in any manner, responsible for the panic through which this country is now passing. He cited numerous au thorities upon the subject to prove that such insinuations are without foundation in fact. There might be some justice in this complaint of our republican friend but we would respectfully call his attention to a few facts pertaining to nanics and prosperity, and the relation which political parties have to them. Ever since the panic of '93 sjvept over the country, republican cam paign speakers have been proclaim ing from one end of the country to the other that the democratic admin istration, of which Grover Cleveland was the head, was responsible for the disastrous times. For almost fif teen years, that has been their chief political asset and it has undoubtedly helped them to elect their ticket on more than one occasion. Not only have the republican orators claimed that the democrats were responsible for that panic but have just as persistently maintained that the republican party has been solely responsible for the prosperity which has been more or less pro nounced during the last decade. They scorned the suggestion that Provi dence might have had something to do with it by sending several suc cessive years which were unprece dentedly favorable for the growing of record breaking crops. The only difference between the panic of '93 and the present one are that when Cleveland took the presi dential chair, he found a treasury which had been emptied by the preceding administration, which was republican. The present panic came when the treasury was full to over flowing. T he '93 panic followed sev eral years of poor crops and low prices. The present panic came while one of the greatest crops ever raised was being harvested and fol lowed at least five such crops which came along in succession. The question naturally arises, what sort of a panic could the republicans pull off if they were brought face to face with the conditions which Grover Cleveland faced in '93? If the republicans have been re sponsible for the great period of good times, how are they going to slide from under the responsibility for the tight times which have been unmis takable in all parts of the country, the great Judith Basin alone except ed, during the past few weeks? The present panic has been unfor tunate but it has, once and for all, removed a grievously mistaken im pression which has been in the minds | of a great many American people for ; many years. It has demonstrated j that panics are no respecters of i political parties. j Our republican friends will have to hunt up a new campaign slogan for the old "panic of '93" bugaboo has been buried under the landslide of crashing banks and business houses [ in 1907. They will have once more to turn to their ancient plea for a protective tariff for our "infant" in dustries, such as the steel trust, the watch trust, the lumber trust, and | scores of other gigantic combinations i which have been raised to position j all-powerful through this generous , protection A PROFESSION ON THE WANE. The hobo business is going to the dogs—soon it will be worse than common work. The time-worn voca tion isn't what it used to be in the good old gullible days. It is on the bum. The other day in New York an ex tramp, who is a Harvard graduate with enough money in his possession to give him carte blanche to do about as he pleases, gave a dinner to five hundred tramps; representa tives of the hobo elements of several countries. From soup to nuts there wasn't much said; but after the finger bowls there was started a general discussion of the bum business. Nearly all of the guests were young men, ranging in ages from twenty to thirty-five. The decline of the hobo business as a regular thing was noted generally. It developed in the course of the dis cussion that England was the best country for members of the hobo family. In that country, it was agreed, nearly one-third of the popu lation is either living in institutions, or getting his livlihood from some form of charity. A delegate from the Pacific coast gave that part of the country a black eye, saying that the best class of hoboes find it difficult even to mooch a handout once a day. The railroads there, as in other parts of the United States, have ceased to issue passes to the tramps, and that is a serious drawback, for the hobo never could get the habit of paying railroad fare. Another representative warned his compatriots not to go to China, re porting the picking there as decided ly poor. Tramping as a profession seems to be on the down grade—Anaconda Standard. The lawyers who are to defend Harry Thaw are going to try to prove that the young Pittsburger was insane at the time he killed Stanford White, but has been all right ever since. In the opinion of many, that was about the only time in his entire career that the young man ever was sane. They have struck another big bunch of very high grade ore in the Santiago mine in Kendall. It is the opinion of capable mining men that the big North Moccasin camp has before it the greatest prospects of all the camps in the Northwest. With the democratic nomination question practically settled and to the entire satisfaction of 98 per cent of the members of that party, we can take considerable pleasure in ob serving the dog-eat-dog scramble among our republican brethren. Women are to be excluded from the court room during the trial of Harry Thaw. Now if they will ex clude the reporters and artists of the yellow journals, the public would be well satisfied. Fergus county should and will be represented by a big delegation at the annual convention of the National Woolgrowers' association in' Helena next week. Billy Rice, the great minstrel man, died a few days ago. About a dozen very worthy successors to the Im mortal Rice could be picked from the Lewistown Elks' bunch of artists. The greatest national storm of the century occurred on New Year's day when several billion schooners were put out of business in the south by the prohibition wave. An eastern railroad has gone into the hands of receivers. And yet re publican prosperity rules over the land. j i Boost a little every day. MISSOURI RIVER NAVIGATION Great Falls Tribune: The Tribune has received a copy of a call for a "Missouri River Navigation Con gress," to meet at Sioux City, Iowa, January 22-23, 1908, with a request that publicity be given to the fact, with the purpose of arousing some interest among the people residing along the line of the upper Missouri. There have been a number of as sociations and organizations formed with the same object in view, the in ducing of congress to start in the work-of systematic deepening and im proving of the rivers and waterways of the nation. Some of these organ izations are local in their aims, or at least in their primary purpose, but so far they have wored in harmony for the commencement of the larger policy. For instance, there is a large and powerful organization whose primary object is to see a deep water way between the great lakes and the gulf, utilizing the lower Mississippi by deepening it so that ocean steam ers could come up this stream to St. Louis. There is another great or ganization on the Atlantic seaboard interested in a sea and canal route between the north and the southern states that would avoid storm and greatly shorten the route. There is also, we believe, an upper Mississippi organization. It seems entirely ap propriate and useful in view of these facts that the people of the vast ex tent of country through which the Missouri river flows should organize to look out for their interests. The only danger that we can see from these separate organizations is that they should get to pulling and haul ing between themselves for selfish advantages. None of them are likely to accomplish anything for them selves in that event. The first thing to do is to get the federal government committed to a large policy of im proving our interior waterways and a respectable appropriation made for that purpose It would be folly to at tempt to dictate in advance just what projects should be taken up first or where the money should be spent, That should be left to future decision of competent engineers in the carry ing out of comprehensive plans for enough to insist upon our share in the division of such funds after the plans have been made and the money appropriated. As far as this state is concerned, it is fortunate in the fact that any plans for the improvement of navigation on the Missouri river must be based on the conservation of the flood waters which come in the spring from the Rocky Mountain slope, and this insures the expendi ture of a largo- amount of money in this state in carrying out any plan for Missouri river navigation. ENEMY OF THE FORESTS. Butte News: Every time an edition of a daily newspaper rolls off the press a big piece is bit ofit of the forests of the continent. Forests are vanishing, the price of wood, lumber, timber and paper is going up steadily, and now throughout the middle west newspapers are raising their price of subscription in order to meet the in creased cost of paper. Last year the newspapers of Am erica used up nearly four million cords of wood. For this amount of material the enormous price of twen ty-six and a half million dollars was paid. A car of paper today frequent inade ^ h ' gh 3S $1,200 f ° r a & ood JAPS ASSAULT AMERICANS. Brown Men Turn Tables On Whites Up in Vancouver. Portland, Ore., Jan. 1.—A special to the Oregonian from Vancouver, B. C., says: Allan Anderson, a fireman, is dying and two other young men, also mem bers of the city fire department, are badly wounded and in the hospital as the result of a fight today in the Japanese quarter with an overwhelm ing number of subjects of the mikado. The fight was the worst in the city since the September riots. Anderson, accompanied by J. Frost and McDonald, were passing a Jap anese store when Frost stumbled and fell hard against the plate glass win dow front. The glass was smashed and the fragments were still rolling on the sidewalk when a score of Japanese appeared from the inside and rushed at the trio of whites. The firemen were in uniform, with brass buttons and official caps, but tne Japanese knifed them furiously. Within three minutes there were dozens of Japanese in the fight, all trying to get at the white men. The latter were borne to the ground and cut and slashed until the sidewalk and front of the store was covered with blood. , 1 is two companions thought An derson dead and had been fighting over his prostrate body when the police came. Anderson's face was marked with many slashes, up and down, and from one side to the oth er. From the back of his ear to his shoulder was a slit two inches deep that had only missed the juglar vein by a fraction of an inch. His body also was stabbed in half a dozen places. The other two men were cut and bleeding from wounds on their faces and arms. All were taken to the hospitals. Three doctors worked ov er them for hours, sewing up their wounds. WILL LOSE SMELTERS. Several Big Plants Closed Down By American Smelting & Refining Co. Helena, Jan. 1.—The American Smelting & Refining company,- it is authoritatively announced here to night. will shortly close down several of its smelting plants because of the depression in the lead market. At the East Helena plant today the com pany reduced its force 100 men and tomorrow a 10 per cent reduction in wages will be posted for the 250 men who are retained. Manager Frank M. Smith of the local plant received notice several days ago from officials of the com pany that the smelter would be clos ed. However, he prevailed upon his superiors to continue operations in Helena on a reduced force and on the wage scale which was in force during November, 1906. This action was taken with the understanding that the smelting plants in Colorado and other states will be closed. Mr. Smith tonight gave out the fol lowing notice which will be posted at the plant tomorrow: "Owing to the low prices of metals, this company is seriously con sidering closing down the East Hel ena plant. The low price of lead has forced several of the large mines in the Coeur d'Alenes to shut down and this will greatly curtail our lead supply. With the limited supply of lead and other ores, we cannot run to exceed two blast furnaces, and pos sibly only one, if in fact, we are not obliged to shut down altogether. "In order to keep the plant run ning at a small capacity, it will be necessary to cut down expenses in every department and reduce opera tion costs. The first step in this di rection is a general reduction in wages. The management has there fore received instructions to reduce the wage scale to that in effect prior to November 1, 1906. This scale will be posted in the timekeeper's office. "During the past 14 months, two increases in wages have been made at this plant, and now that conditions are so unfavorable for continued op erations of smelters, it is absolutely necesary to go back to the old wage scale. "Several other smelters have either already closed down, or will, in all probability do so. It is hoped that the employes of this plant will ac cept this reduction in wages, and thus assist in keeping the plant in operation. Otherwise, the plant will surely have to shut down for an in definite period. "It is planned to keep the H. & H. roasting plant and two blast fur naces in operation if possible. In making up the crews for those fur naces, the superintendent has been given instruction to give the pre ference to married men." THE G ILA MO NSTER. Strange Ways of This Dreadsd and Hard Biting Reptile. Of some of the strange ways of the glia monster, that little known crea ture of the southwestern deserts, a cor respondent writes: "I have had some experiences with Gila monsters and can state that, no matter what scien tists may claim, the Gila monster is a good thing to shun. Indians and Mexi cans have a horror of it and fear It more than a rattlesnake. I be lieve that the bite of the Gila monster is dangerous because of the creature's habit of eating lizards, bugs and ro dents and then lying on sand so hot that it blisters the hands and feet of men. The heat causes the food to pu trefy in the stomach, evidenced by the fact that the teeth are often covered with a fermented, putrefied froth from the food. A bite has the same effect as the cut of a dissecting knife used on a cadaver—in other words, the inocula tion of a deadly poison. "When frightened or angry he can move quite rapidly. That short, thick, stubby tail is used in jumping, just as a kangaroo uses his tall. The Gila mon ster bites like a bulWog and has the tenacity of a snapping turtle. I once saw some men teasing a Gila monster brought to Tucson. A string was tied around his neck. The Gila monster was crawling around on the ground, trying to get away, but was pulled back by the string. This was carried on till the creature became furious. The crowd around the Gila monster knew nothing of his power to spring. Suddenly he sprung up and bit a man among the crowd on the hand, leaping fully two feet from the ground. Another instance, this of a man whose chief object seems to have been a foolhardy display of fearlessness. He was holding one of the monsters in his hand by the back of its neck, so it could not bite him. He dropped his hand to the side of his leg. The Gila monster shut his teeth down on his heavy duck overalls, taking a double piece out where the cloth folded as quickly as a pair of scissors could have cut the fabric and as cleanly."—Chi cago News. ABUSE OF THE DEAD. Queer Custom of the Bagas Forehs of French Guinea. The Bagas Forehs, who live in French Guinea, quit life in a manner anything but commonplace. When a man dies his wife and children do not lament him. Instead they are angry at having been abandoned. They prop the body up against the house with the forked branch of a tree and invite their friends and relatives to come, ail of whom are furious that one of their own has left them. When all the guests have arrived the wife of the deceased advances and addresses what was once her husband in a way well calcu lated to scare his ghost away from the neighborhood. "There now, listen! You'd leave me, would you? So you don't want to live with me? Why do you do this way? Haven't I always been a good wife to you? Haven't I been a good mother to your children? Haven't your rice and fish always been well cooked? Have you anything to reproach me with? Nothing. Then shall not you go? Cow ard! Traitor! You shall not leave without receiving the correction that such conduct deserves." Then the blows begin to rain down upon the poor defenseless figure. Pres ently the tired wife gives place to the children, and they in turn to the rela tives and friends, all of whom similar ly abuse it. At length, with a natural human impulse, their fury spent, they try to make amends to the hapless corpse. They bathe it and bury it a meter deep inside the house, and each day at the dinner hour the family places on the tomb some grains of rice and a little palm wine for refreshment of the soul should it return.—Washing ton Post Origin of Cork Legs. "A cork leg?" said the dealer. "Why, man, a cork leg would crumble under you like a leg of bread. You don't want a cork leg, but an elm or willow one. A leg was never made of cork since the world's beginning. But many people think as you do, and I'll tell you how the fallacy originated. The Inventor of the modern artificial leg— the leg instead of the stick—was John Cork. Cork's legs, or cork legs, were famous around 1810. And whenever a man makes your mistake he pays an unconscious tribute to Cork's skill." Very Much Settled. An elderly woman, on being exam ined before the magistrate of Bungay as to her place of legal settlement, was asked what reasons she had for sup posing that her deceased husband's settlement was at St. Andrews. The old lady looked earnestly at the bench and said: "He was born there, he was married there, and they buried him there; and if that Isn't settling him there, I'd like to know what Is!"—London Telegraph. A Correction. Bertie—Father, what Is an egotist? Father—He Is a man who thinks he is smarter than any one else. Mother— My dear, you are scarcely right. The egotist is the man who says that he is smarter than any one else. All men think they are. Small Himself. 'The trouble with that man is that he takes small matters seriously." "Yes," answered Miss Cayenne, "but you could not expect him to do other wise without sacrificing his self es teem."—Washington Star. Strong minds suffer without com plaining; weak ones complain without suffering. (jRegienutgg»£c,tiofitflrimn far Sftontnnn. ) -Die €rfte Rational 23 anf in fietoigtoitm, 9Jiontana wit einent Social bon $200,000.00, Surging bon $65,000.00 nnb Dejiofiten bon $1,000,000.00 ift bor&crritet alien fatoie neuen ftnnben giinftige (fntgegenfommen jn bitten. £ag ©efdjaft bent* idjer SJiixger in frergnS Gonnttj ift befonberg erbeten. German Ctten, ^Jrafibcnt; £abib $tfger, Sise^Prciiibent; ©co. fBad), 3toeiter SBise^rafibertt; SSilforb $. Soljttfon, ®dffierer; $arrty fjoegcr, Sfff'i ^afjierer. Edison invented the phonograph. He made it an entertainer for all. It is manufactured at a price which everyone can afford jgnd we sell it on the easy payment plan, so that no one need be without it. Have you heard and seen the new rnode ^ We sell phonographs at Babson Bros, prices PHONOGRAPHS , Wilson-Seiden Drug Co. ProgrtssiO* Druggist* STEPHENS <S- JEFFREY Successors to GEORGE M, STAFFORD Best Stock of Harness and Saddles and all sorts of Leather Goods in Ferqus County ...FIRST GLASS REPAIR WORK PROMPTLY EXECUTED... PflLAGELITE OIL Palacelite Oil is Free From Impurities* It does not char the wick, smoke nor smell* The Best People Use it and Endorse it* Our Lubricating Oils Are the Best There Is ...... Try Our 70 or 76 GASOLINE WHY PATRONIZE THE TRUST /y FERGUS COUNTY HARDWARE CO. Lewistown, Montana Central Meat Market ABEL BROS. £Best of Everything in Meats and Vegetables Beef, Pork, Mutton, Hams and Bacon : : : : Lewistowiv's Leading Market. SMITH PREMIER Typewriter and Carbon Papers Ribbons Quality Unsurpassed. EERGUS COUNTY DEMOCRAT Supply Department.