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Fergus County Democrat. Vol IV. No. 21. LEWISTOWN, FERGUS COUNTY, MONTANA, TUESDAY, JANUARY 14, 1908 Price 5 Cents THE ABLE RANGE is built like a steam boiler. riveted together with the same care, is absolutely airtight, no bolts used. The Malleable is built to last a lifetime. The Malleable needs no stove p olish to keep it clean, only a greasy rag to wipe it off. It's a great labor saver. The cut shows a Malleable range ready for shipment They are made of unbreakable mal leable steel, they do not need to be crated. The Malleable range gives universal satisfa c tion. Let us tell you more about it and show its many advantages over the ordinary range. Ten Cents Saved is Ten Cents Earned The Malleable range will make money for you—saves 10 cents ■ / ........ . = a day in fuel. _ LEWISTOWN If you don't buy of use we both lose money." BIG STRIKE ON SANTIAGO Kendall Excited Over Latest Developments on Drake Property •Will Soon Be Milling High Grade Ore-Other News of Gamp. That the claims of the owners of the Santiago mine in the Kendall dis trict that they have what is certain to be developed into one of the great gold mines of the United States, has a very solid foundation, in fact has been further demonstrated during the past two or three weeks. Strike in "D" Tunnel. While prosecuting development work in "D" tunnel, which is located over on the end of the property next to the Kendall mill, the miners ran into a body of ore which assays from $24 to $42 per ton. Sufficient work has already been done on this ore body to prove that it is of great extent and there is a chance that it may be even greater than the big body which has been opened up on the Barnes-King end of the proper ty. This "D" tunnel or crosscut was run into the face of the hill right under the tramway, for a distance of 150 feet. From there they drifted 130 feet, sank a winz and are now raising on the ore body. This ore lies in such shape that it can be worked through an open cut and, in this manner, with very little work, run into the cars on the tram way. This is the cheapest possible manner of handling ore. Everyone in any manner connected with the Santiago are very enthu siastic over the future of that prop erty. They now have fifty men at work getting the mine and tramway in shape for the transportation of ore to the big Kendall mill. Tramway Is Completed. The tramway is completed and two carloads of timber which has been delaying the work somewh'at, arrived here a few days ago and is now being freighted to Kendall. Electrician Wilson, who has charge of the work on the tramway, says that the motors for which they are now waiting, are on the way and ev erything should be installed and ready for work within a month or six weeks at the latest. It is understood from an authori tative source that the big Kendall "V 11 will treat this ore at the rate of. 300 tons daily. A well informed mining man informs the Democrat that there is sufficient ore practically on top of the ground, now in sight, to keep the mill running at this rate for twelve months. This ore is ex ceedingly high grade and the net profits will be enormous. The ore oody on the Barnes-King end of the property grows bigger and better with every day's work. Conservative mining engineers esti I 7 ate the company have not less than $2,00u,u00 worth of ore in shape to be worked right now. That the mine is really worth several times WOOL MEN OFF FOR HELENA There will be no fewer than forty Fergus county people in Helena this week as delegates to the national convention of the Woolgrowers' As sociation which is being held in the capital city this week. Every mjn who went over from Fergus county is a "live one'' and the greatest wool growing county in the world is destined to take a very prominent part in the proceedings at the big convention. B. C. White went over last week to make all preparations for the proper reception and entertainment of the Fergus county bunch. A num ber of the boys went out Saturday and a yet larger crowd left yester day morning. List of Delegates. The delegation is headed by Joseph Asbridge of Highfield, sheep com missioner for Fergus county and in cludes Jack Waite, Rufus Thompson, Roy Covert, J. B. Elliott, Charlie Peck, J. M. Vrooman, Dr. J. H. Wil liard, Frank Degner, B. C. White, R. von Tobel and a big bunch from Moore, Straw and Garneill. Week's Program. The program, as outlined by those who have the convention in charge, is as follows: Invocation, Rev. J. M. McNamee, and addresses of welcome by Gov ernor Toole, Mayor Lindsay and that sum is a reasonable conclusion from the latest developments. Camp's Great Future. Never in the history of the camp have the people of Kendall felt so secure in the stability and future greatness of their town as at the present time. More men are now employed there than at any other time in the history of the district and the result of the work which they are doing is of the most encouraging nature. The fu ture of the Santiago as a great big pine »s assured. The Kendall mine is being steadily and profitably work ed with enough ore blocked out to keep the mill running for years to come. Barnes-King Outlook. While little is being given out con cerning the result of the great amount of development work which is being done by the Barnes-King Develop ment company, it is known to be a fact that they are getting the mine and mill in such shape as to enable them to do some work which will look good to those who have stock in the organization. A vast amount of "dead" work has been done by Superintendent McGee, and the bene fits from this work will soon begin to show in the shape of substantial dividends. Work On Golden Discovery. Fifteen men are now at work on the Golden Discovery. The main shaft is now down to a depth of 350 feet and Superintendent Jim Whit taker expects to go on to the 400 foot level where a station will be cut and a cross-cut run to tap the ore body at that level. A station has been cut at the 200 foot level and they have run 150 feet on the cross-cut. They expect to the £ re body within the next 150 feet. The miners were laid off for a couple of weeks while the cage was being installed. The affairs of the Golden Dis covery have been handled in a most business-like manner, and the main shaft is probably the cheapest ever put down in this state. The work has been pushed from the start and n ° time is being lost in deyeloping the Golden Discovery into a mine which will in every way fulfill the promise held out by its name. Operations on the North Kendall have been shut down, pending the ar rival of a pump, water having been encountered along with some mighty good looking ore a few days ago. New Work Planned. Plans are now being matured for the starting of work on an extensive scale_ on one or two other proper ties in the district, and altogether, the camp should be a hummer in ev ery sense that the word implies, dur ing the next year. President Pickett of the Commercial Club, with a response in behalf of the association by Frank J. Hagen barth of Spencer, Ida. With the ap pointment of the usual committees, the annual address of Western Vice President J. M. Wilson will be fol lowed by the speeches on the fol lowing topics: "Government Regu lation of the Public Range," 1>y T. J. Walsh of Helena; "The Open Range," by Governor Bryan D. Brooks of Wyoming, and "Sheepmen and Benefits of Publicity," by F. P. Elliott of Nashville. Wednesday forenoon, Lewis Pen well will deliver a paper on "Up-to date Methods in Sheep Breeding;" D. P. Smith, of Pendleton, Ore., will talk on "Sheep Industry and Preda tory Wild Animals;" D. J. Osborne of Denver, will speak on "Home market for Wool," as will also a representative of the Omaha Com mercial club; F. J. Primrose, of Phil adelphia. will take for his text "Is It Advisable to Hold Wool Auction Sales in the United States. Patterned After the London Sales?" while J. W. Fulton of Helena, will speak on "The Angora Goat Industry of the (jnited Mates." The afternoon will be devoted to the Midwinter sheep show. Thursday the following addresses will be delivered: "Federal Co-op eration With the States in the Con trol and Eradication of Contagious Diseases," R. A. Ramsey, of Wash ington, D. C.; "Our Opportunity,'' A. J. Knollin, Chicago; "the Con servation of Our Water Resources," C. T. Johnson of Wyoming; "Alfalfa and Its Possibilities," I. D. O'Don nell, Billings; "Relation of the Ag ricultural College to Livestock Rais ing, ' Pres. J. ivi. Hamilton of Boze man; "The Twenty-eight Hour Law," Sn° r ^ e McCabe c f Washington; "The Interstate Commerce Commis sion," E. J. Bell, Laramie, Wyoming. BACONS ARE RECONCILED. Bacons Decide to Try Living To gether for Thirty Days at Least. After giving their domestic in felicities a full and thorough airing in the court, Mr. and Mrs. Adelbert Bacon, of Moore, last Tuesday after noon decided to accept the advice of Judge Cheadle and try the task of living together once more. If, with in thirty days, they find that they cannot occupy the same homestead without mixing in a la Corbett and Fitzsiiwmons, something else will have to be done. Judge Cheadle had to bring to bear every bit of persuasive power, at his command in order to get them to agree to this thirty day truce. The husband was, like Barkis, willin', but Mrs. Bacon was very obdurate and held off for a long while but finally gave her assent to the proposition and it is to be hoped that their marl, tal troubles which included a sensa tional kidnapping, habeas corpus proceedings and various other legal steps, are now at an end. WILL CELEBRATE BURNS' BIRTHDAY CALEDONIAN CLUB OF GAR NEILL PREPARING FOR FESTIVE TIME. Bob Sheill, his partner, Mr. Erick son, and other loyal Scotchmen of tlie Garneill neighborhood, are mak ing preparations to entertain a great crowd of the natives of the Land O'Cakes one week from next Fri day, January 24t.h, which will be the occasion of the annual celebration of the birthday' of Bobbie Burns, the great poet of old Scotia. The Democrat this week printed attractive posters advertising the celebration and all of the Scotch people in this part of the state are cordially invited to be present and participate in the celebration. The first celebration of the sort ever held in Fergus county was that of last year which was held in Gar neill and which was a great success from every viewpoint, despite the dis advantages of very cold weather which prevented many from a dis tance from being present. Burns' birthday is January 25th but owing to the fact that that date falls on Saturday, it was decided by prac tically all of the Caledonian societies of the state to hold the celebration on Friday in order that the celebra tion, which always lasts until after midnight, may not run into Sunday. Fine Program. Those having charge of the pro gram have arranged some excellent numbers for the edification of the visitors at Garneill this year. In the evening, there will be a grand Scotch banquet at which Hon. David Hilger will act as toastmast er. Johnny Ross will sing a couple of songs, Miss Nellie Titter will favor the crowd with some of her best Scotch songs and D. K. An derson will be present to enliven the guests with the inspiring strains from the bagpipes, that instrument which from time immemorial has aroused the enthusiasm of Scotchmen in times of peace and led them gaily to battle in times of war. Following the banquet, there will be a grand ball at which Scotch dances will be danced by the guests, many of whom arc expected to ap pear in Scotch costumes. All Are Invited. Mr. Sheill informs the Democrat that while the occasion is strictly Scottish, those who are not fortu nate enough to be of that sterling nationality arc cordially invited to be present and sec how a gathering of the Clans do things. Drawing Jury List. Chairman Petersen of the Board of Commissioners, Assessor John Mar shall and Treasurer E. P. Chandler have been busy since yesterday draw ing the list of names from which the jurors for the coming year will be chosen. The task is a big one and there will be between nine hundred and one thousand names on the list when the drawing is completed. The list of jurors for the January term of court will be dra%vn within the next day or two and the venire will probably be made returnable about the 2lst of the month. There are a number of important civil and crimnal cases which will come up for trial at the approaching term which is likely to be a somewhat extended one. NEW TURN TO BIG CASE Secretary of Interior Reverses Lower Tribunals in Celebrated Case of jRobinsou Versus Moore Involving Desert Entry. After a more or less tempestuous career beginning in the local U. S. land office and winding up with a second visit to the Secretary of the Interior, the famous contest case ot Robinson vs. Moore was finally dis posed of last week, the final de cision being in favor of the claimant Moore. Caused Much Excitement. The case was, in many ways, the most sensational and far reaching ever brought before the local land office and created all sorts of agita tion for several months. Every one who was living here at the time will remember when Rob inson started the contest in the latter part of 1904. Moore had advertised to prove up on his desert claim, lo cated on the Rock Creek bench, on December 24, 1904. On November 29, of the same year, Robinson filed his contest. The contest was filed on the allegations that the land was non-desert in character and had not been reclaimed in accordance with the provisions of the desert land law. The excitement over the contest was caused from the fact that if Moore should be unable to prove up, the same defect might be found in scores of desert entries on the Bench, which was just then coming into prominence as a grain growing section. The ranchers on the Bench held several meetings at which it was determined to stand with Moore in the fight and render every pos sible assistance in fighting the case. Rumors of wholesale contests flew thick and fast and the situation was somewhat ugly for several months. Robinson Gets First Blood. After a number of continuances, the hearing before Register Edward Brassey and Receiver L. W. Eldridgc of the local land office came up Feb ruary 23, 1905, with Attorney Will Smith (who has since left this city) appearing on behalf of the contes tant and Hilger & Buscnburg for the claimant. Owing to the great inter est which was attracted by the case and the large number of witnesses the hearing was held in the district court room of the county court house. On the 14th of September of the same year, the local land office gave their decision and recommended the cancellation of the entry. The case was appealed first to the Commis sioner of the General Land office and to the Secretary of the Interior and each in turn sustained the decision of the lower tribunal. It began to look like a hopeless fight but the attorneys for the claimant, Moore, filed with the Sec retary of Interior, a motion to re view. This review was held before RESUME LAYING OF STEEL It has been officially announced that the Billings & Northern will start very soon on the work of lay ing steel and according to a dis patch from Billings, the company ex pect to have the connecting link be tween the Burlington at Billings and the Great Northern at Great Falls completed by the first of June. Grading About Completed. In this connection, the Billings Gazette of recent issue says: The grading work on the Billings & Northern is so nearly complet ed that the engineers office in this city was abandoned yesterday and M. F. Reed, the engineer in charge of the construction work for the first 100 miles out of Billings expects to leave this morning for St. Paul. More than 98 per cent of the grad ing wark has been completed on that "art of the line which is under Mr. Reed's supervision and it is said that on most of the rest of the line all of the grading work is completed and in some places steel has been laid. Most of the contractors have com pleted their contracts and since late last fall have been gradually reduc ing their forces, so that now there are fewer graders employed on the work than at any time since the con struction work on the road was started. It is very probable that the work of laying the steel on this end of the line will be commenced early in the spring and be pushed as rapidly as the Secretary of Interior at Wash ington and last Tuesday, that official rendered a decision in favor ot Moore, the claimant, holding that the evidence shows that the land in question is desert is character within the meaning of the desert land law, that the contest was premature and therefore, the evidence touching the water appropriation and failure to ir rigate was improperly admitted and considered. For these reasons, the Secretary of the Interior revoked and recalled the decision of April 1, 1907, dis missed the contest and ordered that the entry of Mr. Moore should re main intact. Parties Are Scattered. J. VV. Moore, the claimant in the case, left here over a year ago and ! s * n . tbc blouse country over in Washington. Robinson, who started the contest, is dead and one of the attorneys has left Lewis town 1 he feeling which was gen erated among the people who were then residng on the Bench has about died away and the final determina tion of the matter, important as it is is but an echo of the big rumpus which was raised when the contest was lust inaugurated, over three years ago. Selling Oats at Belt. Tiibune: Assistant County Attor ney A. II. Gray, returned last night from a visit at Belt and lie reports that grain shipments there have been extraordinarily heavy this year, and that large loads are still coming in and being bought by the local mer chants, who ship the grain cast. Most of the grain shipped is oats, and for tin.-, the farmers are paid in cash, according to the grade of tile gram. For the average, $1 a hun dred is paid; for good feeding oats, and for first class grain that «i l, \ii m! S< d * n . oatmc; B factories, ^ . • , These prices arc paid for the grain loaded on the cars. The grain is mostly shipped to Duluth, where the greater part of it is used in the manufacture of oatmeal. While I was standing and watch ing the loading," said Mr. Gray, "I noticed 11 loaded wagons waiting for their turn to unload, and three cars were being loaded. I noticed one man weigh two loads, one of which was 6,000 pounds and the other 5, X(X). I was told that these two loads were somewhat heavier than the av erage, which arc about two tons. The gram will average up well in quality, and what I saw was very clean. I 1 was told that the loading had been going on since threshing began and that there still remains a large quan tity of grain to be loaded." Wire card racks. Price 15 cents. Democrat Supply Department. possible, so that the entire line will be completed by the first of June at the latest. Although it is not very probable that regular trains will be operated over the new line by June 1, it is al most a certainty that trains will be running on a regular schedule in the fall. The construction of the Billings & Northern grade which was started more than a year ago has afforded employment for hundreds of men on this end of the line and distributed hundreds of thousands of dollars in ANOTHER CONTEST SETTLED. Case of Wedved Versus Petersen Decided By Secretary of Interior. The decision of the Secretary of Interior in which he affirms the dc cison of the local land office and of the commissioner of the general land office, was received at the local land office this morning. Wedved contested the desert entry of Julius Petersen on the ground that it was non-desert in character and that it had not been reclaimed in ac cordance wtih the provisions of the desert land act. The ruling of the local office was in favor of the claimant Petersen, and this decision has been sustained by the higher au thorities. Th ecase was initiated in 1905, Hilger & Busenburg represent ing the claimant.