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FERGUS COUNTY DEMOCRAT.
LEWISTOWN, MONTANA ................. Entered at the postoffice at Lewistown, Montana, as second class matter. SUBSCRIPTION: ....................$2.50 Six months .................................. Three months ............................... TOM STOUT ............................... Publisher and Proprietor ANOTHER MEMBER. Great Falls Tribune: Apropos of the resignation, Fy request, of Rear Admiral Brownson, someone recent ly suggested that President Roose velt had established two clubs during his term in office—the Ananias so ciety and the Down and Out fra ternity. To membership in the lat ter has Tieen added Richard /vchilles Ballinger, for less than a year com missioner of the general land office. Judge Ballinger failed to make good in the position to which he was appointed last January. His failing was inability to agree with his mast er in all things. He is a sincere be liever in the square deal—in prac tice, as well as in speech—and he re fused to countenance injustice, even though it were backed up by men higher in official life than he. Having spent five years of his life on a Kansas cattle ranch and having been, for four years, judge of the court of a district embracing five counties in which there were thou sands of acres of public lands and thousands of home-makers, Judge Ballinger could not be persuaded that every man who files upon a tract of public land is dishonest. Rather was he inclined to agree with the Irishman who, having filed on a homestead in North Dakota, wrote back to his brother in Ireland that he was trying to beat the govern ment in a game of chance, the gov ernment having offered to bet him that he could not live on the land for five years. Mr. Ballinger's father studied law with Abraham Lincoln, who believed in trusting the people, and Mr. Bal linger himself has been trained, for 27 years, in the law that teaches that every man is presumed to be inno cent until his guilt has been proved beyond any reasonable doubt; in the law that provides that every man ac cused of crime shall have a speedy trial and shall be entitled to an im partial hearing. When he took office, he revoked orders, made by his predecessors, that had suspended the entries made by the men who are building up the west and that had branded them criminals without giving them a hearing. He has done all within his power to expediate the hearing of contests. He has protested vigorous ly against the employment of spies whose jobs and whose rate of com pensation depended upon the num ber of convictions they could secure against men accused of land frauds, and when Judge Lewis recently, at Denver, declared that the whole pol icy of the administration in dealing with alleged land frauds was unlaw ful, Judge Ballinger opposed the taking of an appeal from Judge Lewis' decision. Those are some of the reasons why he is down and out. The secretary of the interior has supported Judge Ballinger in his policy of protecting the homestead ers of the west, but Mr. Garfield has not yet been deposed. He is to be chairman of the republican state con vention in Ohio next month, in which battle is to be waged between the Foraker forces and the support ers of the administration. It is not an opportune time to call for Mr. Garfield's resignation. JAY COOKE'S FAILURE. A chapter in the "Life of Jay Cooke," written by Dr. Oberholtzer is devoted to the panic of 1873. Re ferring to this chapter a writer in the Wall Street Journal says: "It was the failure of this firm that was the immediate cause of the panic, al though the great fundamental causes lay, of course, much farther back than the operations of this great financier in the promotion of the Northern Pacific railroad. Just as during this year, many of our bank ers have been apprehensive of a fi nancial collapse and yet have, by the force of circumstances, been drawn into the whirlpool, so Mr. Cooke, far sighted man as he was, under stood clearly the conditions which surrounded him all over the world, and yet felt so secure in his own pos ition and was so confident of the ul timate success of the Northern Pa cific railroad enterprise, that he had really no conception of the danger in which his own firm was placed. There is no more dramatic incident in all financial history than that of the day of the Jay Cooke failure. The day and night preceding this event President Grant was the guest <ff Mr. Cooke at his magnificent home at Agontx, near Philadelphia. President Grant was a frequent vis itor at Mr. Cooke's house and the two men were on terms of close in timacy. Mr. Cooke was apparently unaware that the storm was to burst which would sweep his great bank ing house out of existence, when on the morning of the eventful Septem ber day he bade President Grant good-by and went to the office of his firm in Philadelphia and took up the threads of his business. During that morning his partners in New York, unable to withstand the pressure up on them, closed the doors of the New York office, which was at the corner of Wall and Nassau streets, fir. Cooke was then obliged to close the doors of his Philadelphia office, and the great panic of 1873 started in and swept with tremen dous force over the entire land. Mr. Cooke is not the only financier who has been astonished at his own failure. In the crisis of 1907 many a banker and business man has had rude and violent awakening from a sense of security. Mr. Cooke says Dr. Oberholtzer, had appreciated the msoundness in the financial arrange ments of the government and of pri vate persons, firms and corporations in the boom preceding 1873. He had seen the wrongs of the system very clearly, but, as one who is in the cur rent will, he allowed himself to be swept along with the tide, especially after he had become so deeply in volved in the Northern Pacific en terprise. The long inflation had brought on a promoters' fever, lead ing inevitably to the crash." BRYAN AS A LECTURER. Springfield Republican: William Jennings Bryan is the best paid preacher in the United States, re ceiving more money for his lectures and writings than President Roose velt gets for his. Details are not wanting to prove this. The lyceum bureau, which manages Mr. Bryan's lecture tours, asserts that he filled 175 dates in 1907, and that his re ceipts for the season yielded more than $300 for each appearance, or a total of $52,500. There can be no sort of doubt that Mr. Bryan stands at the head of the platform speakers of today for the size of his audiences, for the receipts at the box office, and for the demands for his appearance. Here are the details as set forth by the secretary of the bureau which directs Mr. Bryan's movements: Mr. Bryan's regular charge at Chautauquas is the first $250 taken at the gate and half of all the receipts above $500, not including season tickets. He is the only man who can make such a liberal contract. For evening lectures in a course his charge is $220 cash as a guarantee and half of all the receipts at the door. For single evening lectures not in a regular course, he asks half of the gross receipts. He started out on January 6 last and spoke almost every day until September 10, fre quently twice a day. In addition to these, he has made a large number of political speeches. Thus the man who is booked for another presidential nomination has been able to perform what had been deemed impossible—the revival of the palmiest days of the old lecture system. This is done, however, only in his own person, for no one else begins to rival this star of the lec ture platform. When to the income thus received be added the returns from Mr. Bryan's Commoner, and from his extensive agricultural oper ations, it will be understood how far Mr. Bryan is independent from Wall street. He is a rich man, but scarcely now to be regarded as a 'malefactor." Utah is chai BE HAPPY. r how dark the sky may weather eye out for the You will find usually what you are looking No matt he, keep a silver lining, pretty much for. If you are hunting trouble, there is usually a fellow right around the corner who is ready and anxious to accommodate you. If you are looking for happiness, you will run across any number of people who will gladly assist you in finding it. If you can do no better, join the Optimist club, ci.f which the follow ing dispatch tells: Humor is being invoked in what purports, nevertheless, to be a serious effort to gather the true optimists of the country into one big .organi zation through the efforts of the Op timistic Club of America, with offices at 52 Broadway. Governor Cutler of irman of the clubs executive committee, which yester day sent out thousands of copies of a circular containing the platform, headed by the following: " 'Twixt optimist and pessimist The difference is droll; The optimist sees the doughnut, The pessimist the hole." The club invites "every man who can smile in the face of trouble to join, and pass the smile along." BRYAN'S STRENGTH. It was to be expected that those who form what is known as the "conservative" element in the demo cratic party would vehemently op pose the movement having for its object the nomination of W. J. Bryan for president. Those men have opposed Mr. Bryan and his policies since the day he was first nominated for the presidency in 1896 and may be expected to oppose him with voice and vote until the polls close next November. It is not so much the man Bryan, that they oppose, as the principles which he represent. They are now having a little experience with one man who is using the power of the executive office to check the mad greed and hitherto unrestricted li cense of the great corporate interests of which these "conservatives" are the representatives, and they do not want to take a chance with another man who might "out-Herod Herod" in the matter of applying the brakes. Bryan, however, does not depend for his strength upon these "conser vatives." He looks to the common people who believe with him that there is a "moral element" in every question, for his support. The fol lowing extract, taken from a recent address by Mr. Bryan, meets with the approval of the millions of his loyal followers among the so-called "common people" although objec tionable and ridiculous, no doubt, to his enemies, the "conservatives:" "No question is ever settled until the moral element in the question is discussed and decided. Nothing but a moral issue—that is, an issue involving justice—stir the heart. The time is ripe for another appeal to conscience, and indications point to a greater study of public questions from an ethical standpoint. The cor rupting influences which have flowed from mercenary politics have at last excited attention and there is a searching of men and of measures such as has not been known in recent times. Booms, particularly of the presi dential variety, are usually planted right after the first of the year. They flourish amazingly during the cold days of January, February and •March out some of them wither and die with the first blush of spring. They appear to be unable to with stand the ever gentler breezes of ad vancing spring and by the time the hot winds of summer begin to blow, only the hardiest of them are yet alive. In many instances, even when they mature, the fruit is round, yellow and of the general contour and characteristics of the lemon. To sum the whole thing up, Rog ers and his bunch handed F. Aug. Heinze a little wad variously esti mated at from ten to twenty mil lions, out in the hall, then took him inide, got him into their game, got their money all back together with what few sheckles F. Aug. happened to have about his clothes and kicked the unfortunate erstwhile Montana Napoleon of Copper out into the street where the policeman nabbed him. A big delegation of Fergus county citizens left yesterday morning for Helena to attend the National con vention of woolgrowers which is" to be held in the capital today, tomor row and Thursday. The greatest woolgrowing county in the world will make an impressive showing at the big convention. Belfry News: The Indiana Re publicans have met and resolved to "stand by Vice President Fairbanks'" during the Chicago convention next July. If there is not a good lake ■eze in Chicago next July, that may be a wise thing to do in a crowd. Lillings Gazette: I lie figures shown by statisticians on the killed and injured in railway accidents in the Unted States during the year 1907, prove that there are other things which might appropriately be included under General Sherman's definition of war. Commoner: Mark Twain confess es to a loss of $17,000 in trying to exploit a new breakfast food. The people appear willing to swallow anything Mark Twain gives them, breakfast food alone excepted Commoner: Janies Hazen Hyde's offer of a million dollars to be allow ed to return to his native land is re ceiving scant consideration. The country seems to be satisfied with its bargain. Great Falls Leader: Having quit both his band and politics, Maude Gonne, the Irish Joan of Arc, might Iook up Mary Ellen Lease and learn how to disappear gracefully. Commoner: Switzerland has just elected a president without any par ticular fuss. But Switzerland has no trusts, no navy, no Wall street. Commoner: Chancellor Day is for Governor Hughes, a fact that may explain the governor's failure to an nounce his candidacy. Just three months from today the umpire will yell "play ball" and the fans will be happy once more. Copper is slowly but surely climb ing back to the 20-cent mark and Butte is rejoicing. BATTLE OF SAN JACINTO. The Desperate Fight That Heralded the Dawn of Texan Freedom. On the morning of the 21st of April, 1836, the day chosen for the battle which was to decide the fate of Texas, Houston's first words had been, "The sun of Austerlitz has risen again." He bad then called a council of war and asked the opinion of his six field offi cers as to whether they should attack the enemy or wait for the attack to come from them. The four senior officers strangely counseled delay, but their arguments did not convince Houston, who declar ed that the hour for action had arriv ed and plainly announced the inten tion on his own responsibility to risk a general engagement. He then dis patched Deaf Smith, his most trusty scout, to cut down the bridge which offered the only means of escape tc either army. "Make the best of your way," he had said in his habitual tone of kindly friendship, "to Vince's bridge, cut il down and burn It up and come back like eagles or you will be too late foi the day." And just as the first charge was starting a horseman flecked with foam from his panting charger had dashed along the lines of the patriot army, ns Houston had arranged that he should do, calling out clearly that all might hear, this deathknell to all hopes of possible escape: "I have cut down Vince's bridge! Now, fight foi your lives and remember the Alamo!" The Texan army, with Houston rid ing at the front of the center column, had then dashed forward against the Mexican breastworks, behind which stood the army of Santa Anna, drawn up in perfect order and calmly reserv ing its fire for short range. Their first volley, however, by the grace of a di vine Providence, as the Texans declar ed, went too high. Houston's leg was shattered at the ankle and his horse severely wounded, but his columns still advanced uninjured. Then came the answering volley, "poured into the very bosoms" of the astonished Mexicans—unable to reload and without bayonets for the charge. The Texans had "clubbed their mus kets" and dealt desperate blows, and finally, when they had thus battered their way into the very center of the Mexican army, they had drawn theit murderous bowie knives and "literally cut their way through dense masses of living flesh." The battle had lasted only twenty minutes, but in that time a new na tion had been born into the world. "From the battle of San Jacinto," said Webster in 1842, "the war was at an end."—Metropolitan Magazine. POINTED PARAGRAPHS. Too many of us consider an excuse a reason. Everything sounds like an encore to some men. The philosophical person is apt not to be when considering troubles of his own. Many a man who thinks he is getting into a peach orchard really finds his way into a lemon grove. There are lots of answers to the ques tion, "What's the use?" but the man who asks it never wants one. When an acquaintance says to you, "I am going to'be honest with you," brace yourself to hear something dis agreeable. Most of us when we ride a free horse ! start out on a walk, quicken into a brisk trot, then break into a wild gal lop and are thrown.—Atchison Globe. Gcod For Twenty. "Lawyers get stung as easily as oth er people." said one who practices in the criminal courts. "Here's what hap pened to me the other day: A friend of mine tipped me off that there was a case coming up in special sessions and it would be easy to get the defendant, a negro, free. " 'There's a twenty in it for you,' he added. "I've got another case on up stairs or I would take it myself.' "Sure enough, I got the fellow off. and when we reached the corridor I politely intimated that 1 had heard there was a twenty awaiting me for my trouble. " 'Sure thing, boss,' said the negro, diving into his pockets. 'It certainly am worth twenty, all right.' Without a ■*mlie lie handed over two dimes."— New York Sun. . For Sale—Buff Plymouth Rock Cockrells at $2.50. Best in Montana. Mrs. A. T. Goodspeed, Straw, Mont. 12-17-5t (9?egieritng3»%ety)fttortmn fur 3ft fltttana.) Die <Srfte Rational 3anf in Setoidtoffin, UJIontana mit eincm .Capital Don $200,000.00, Surplus bon $65,000.00 unb £epo|itcn bon $1,000,000.00 iff borbereitet alien fotoie neuen Slunbcn gunftige (fntgegenfonunen jn bieten. 2aS Gtefdjcift bent* fdjer SPiirgcr in Fergus County ift befonbcrS erbeten. German Ctten, ^Srafibent; Xabib £ilgcr, SStje^rdfibeni; &eo. ft. 23ad), Stoeiter 93t3e»iPrdfibent; SKMIforb ft. ftoljnfon, ®affierer; $arty Saegcr, Slff't ^aifierer. '1 WRITING PAPERS... OF GOOD TAS1E Our unusually choice offerings in very fine stationery will especially appeal to persons of refinement. People who are particular in the se lection of their correspondence supplies cannot but be pleased with the many "good taste" writing papers we are showing. We will take pleasure in going over our lines of Box Stationery, Writing Tablets, etc., with you when next you require supplies of this nature. WiJson-Seiden Drug Go. r - w-' Progressive Druggists 0 STEPHENS JEFFREY Successors to GEORGE M. STAFFORD Best Stock of Harness and Saddles and all sorts of Leather Goods in Ferqus County ...FIRST GLASS REPAIR WORK PROMPTLY EXECUTED... PflUflCELITE- OIL Palacelite Oil is Free From Impurities* It does' not char the wick, smoke nor smell* The) [Best People Use it and Endorse it* Our Lubricating Oils Are the Best There Is ...... Try Our 70 or 76 GASOLINE WHY PATRONIZE THE TRUST FERGUS COUNTY HARDWARE CO. Lewistown, Montana entral Meat Market ABEL BROS. Best of Everything in Meats and Vegetables Beef, Pork, Mutton, Hams and Bacon : : : : Lewistown's Leading Market. RECEIVERS GET ROAD. Another big Transportation Line Admits That It Is On Rocks. London, Jan. 8.—At a meeting here between A. B. Stickney, presi dent of the Chicago and Great Western railroad, and the note hold ers of the company this afternoon it was decided to appoint a receiver for the company to maintain the status quo during the time necessary to prepare the first mortgage bonds covering the full indebtedness. Receiver Asked in St. Paul. St. Paul, Jan. 8.—Following the de cision of the London bondholders of the Chicago and Great Western, a receiver was applied for here at two o'clock this afternoon. A. R. Stickney, president, and Chas. II. F. Smith, a retired broker, were named as joint receivers by Judge Sanborn. Big Improvements Last Year. The immediate reason for the ac tion in the courts is the failure to obtain an extension on notes due, and falling due in 1908. The com pany spent $19,000,000 in improve ments last year and this expense was covered by notes. The receivership will be only tem porary.