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Fergus County Democrat.
fltot# Vol V. No. 20. - s P rPf LEWISTOWN. FERGUS COUNTY, MONTANA, TUESDAY, JANUARY 5, ms Price Find Time— to step in and* see what we are offering in the way of ©^rtstrryas Sifts We are now located in our new store in the Vehaun building and have a most complete line every thing in Men's Furnishings and Clothing Harry Brown, An Elegant Line of Fine Pianos: ON EASY PAYMENTS Emil W.Saxl The "America" Alarms They're triple-tested timekeepers built to do lots of work and do it well. I can afford to sell them cheap, because they don't come back on me. $ 1.00 Guaranteed for one year. Good for ten. For sale by Sutter Bros. Lewistown, Montana MORGAN KILLS PFLEGER Alleged Horse Tide! Resists Arrest and Deputy Sheriff Has To Kill Him In Self Defense -Few Particulars nf the Shooting. While resisting arrest last Sunday evening, John Pfleger, who lives on Swimming Woman creek, in the southern part of the county, was shot and instantly killed by Deputy Sheriff A1 Morgan. Few Particulars Received. Few particulars of the shootin have been received in this city up to the time the Democrat goes to press. A man by the name of Taylor tele phoned to Sheriff Martin that Morgan had killed Pfleger and asked that some of the sheriff's force come down at once. As quickly as possible, Sheriff Martin, Deputy Sheriff Riglen and Coroner Creel left for the scene of the shooting in an automobile. It is about fifty miles down there but as the roads are good, they should have arrived there shortly after noon. County Attorney Huntoon and Sten ographer Gibson left on the train this morning for Garneill from which place they will drive to the old Whelan ranch, twenty miles away, where the tragedy occurred. Wanted for Horse Stealing. A warrant was issued Friday on complaint of S. J. Belcher, of Lavina, for ilie arrest of Pfleger for horse stealing. Morgan left early Saturday ■morning horseback to serve the war rant. Morgan is one of the coolest officials in the business and Sheriff Martin expressed it as his belief that his deputy shot Pfleger only when it became absolutely necessary in order to capture him or save his own life. WORST DISASTER OF THE CENTURY OVER HUNDRED THOUSAND DIE IN GREAT ITALIAN EARTHQUAKE. One of the worst disasters ever re corded occurred last Sunday when an immense tidal wave, caused by an carthuakeq. practically wiped out of existence the towns of Messina, Cecily, Reggio, Italy, and numerous smaller cities and villages along the strait of Messina which separates the main and of Italy from the island province of Cecily. Two Big Cities Devastated. Messina was a city of over 100,000 population and of this number, over half are dead. Reggio claimed a population of about 55,000 and of tliii number, no more than one-fifth sur vive. Stories of Unutterable Horror. The following stories sent out by the associated press, tell of one of the greatest calamities which ever be fell the white race: Rome, Dec. 30.—The immensity of the disaster in Southern Italy and Cicily can be measured only by the fact that it is now estimated that 110,000 people perished in Messina and Reggio alone. A score of other towns have been devastated and thousands of victims in these places must be added to the roll . In the ELECTION IS ORDERED AT ROUNDUP The members of the hoard of county commissioners met yesterday to approve the bonds of the new of ficers and transact some other special business. All of the bonds were duly approved and the new officers, with the exception of the county treasurer, are now at work. Mr. Robinson does not take office until the first ot March. Roundup Would Incorporate. Attorney Jameson, of Roundup, appeared before the hoard and presented a copy of the census re cently taken in that town. It shows that Roundup now has a population of 866 and they have in a petition for the privilege of incorporating as a city. It appearing to the commissioners that all of the necessary requirements have been fulfilled by the people of Roundup, a special election was or dered to take place February 27th to Arrested Several Times. John Pfleger came here about 18 years ago and worked for two or three years for the Crawford broth ers. He then retired from active work and has since lived in a manner more or less mysterious hut general ly believed by people residing in the southern country, by the means of horse stealing. He lias been arrest ed two or three times on the charge of stealing horses hut always man aged to escape punishment. Mr. Belcher, of Lavina, came in the latter part of the week and reported to the officers that he believed that Pfleger and some associates had a bunch of horses ready to drive out of the country. The warrant was issued as stated above and Morgan was sent out after him. For the last two years, Pfleger lias been stopping at the old Phelan ranch which now belongs to C. Yegan, of Billings. He was about 35 or 40 years of age and unmarried. Two Men Arrested. Sheriff Martin came in Saturday from Lavina having in charge A Bruce, a young Scotchman who re eently came to this country, and Alex Kethum. They are presumed to be mixed up in some manner with Pfleg cr, although the friends of young Bruce states that lie is absolutely innocent, having gone to Lavina hut a few days ago from Garneill where lie has a brother working for W. II Peck. face of these awful totals, all Italy stands appalled. Nor has the full death list yet been reached. Shiploads of "fugitives have arrived at Naples and other ports and the vast majority of these are sorely injured. Other thousands remain near the ruins of their homes wander half starved, half naked, over the land. The forces that on Monday over whelmed the cities also destroyed the means of sustenance. Telegraphic communication has been established with Messina, the apparatus having been set up in a railroad station Messages that have come over the line, though they have been meager in detail, show that hope is gone. Nothing remains of the- city hut a mass of ruins that have been swept by fire. A mere handful of survivors is being cared for by the rescuing forces, but their distress is great, and it has been increased by the recent increasing wind that followed the deluge of rain. Destitution is rife and appalling. There is little food and less water. Of Messina's 90,000 popu lation, it is believed that fully 70,000 perished. Forty thousand perished in Reggio. King Victor Emmanuel and Queen Helena were in Messina today. The king explored the ruins, regardless of the danger to which he exposed him self. He was often moved to tear at the heartrending scenes he came upon at every turn. The queen spent the day in the wards of improvised hospitals, visiting the wounded, many of whom have lost all that was dear to them. Her majesty did her best to cheer them with womanly words of consolation, often breaking int sobs as she listened to their dreadful determine whether or not the resi dents of that place desire to corporate. It is believed that the proposition will carry although thei is some opposition to the move. Appoint Justice for Straw. K. C. Spurgeon was appointed jus tiee of the peace at Straw. The Vnat ter of the appointment of a justice ai Moore is under advisement awaitin; an opinion from the attorney general Two justices were elected for this township at the last election and th commissioners were not certain whether they have the legal right t choose a third. They realize that Moore should have a justice and art desirious of appointing one. In cast tile opinoin of Mr. Galen is favorable Homer Detrick will be appointed t succeed himself in a position which li has filled to the satisfaction of evert one in the town of Moore and vicinity for the last year. tales of suffering. The king left fur Reggio tonight. Catania, the largest city nearest to tile zone of the disaster, is crowded with refugees, and the continuous stream of fugitives coming in, the sight of the wounded, and the repeti tion of real or imaginary earthquakes, have so alarmed the population that they are becoming uncontrolablo. There is no longer any place where he refugees may find shelter. Cardi nal Francica Nava di Bontife. arch bishop of Catania, has employed all he money in his possession to pro vide bread for the fugitives, hut the people of Catania also are in great need, as the ordinary business pur tiits have been entirely interrupted. The government is finding difficulty n ascertaining the fate of the many foreigners who were in the zone at the time of the catastrophe, inquiries concerning whom are coming from ill quarters of the globe. Admiral Admaraklioff, Russian commander of the battleship which arrived with fugitives at Naples today, confirms the report of the American consul at Messina, Arthur S. Cheney and his wife, iwho were buried in the ruins of the consulate, The number of Americans in Cicily and Southern Italy is believed to he small, and several of them arc re ported to have been staying at Taorminia, which is on the cast coast, about 30 miles southwest of Messina. According to the latest re ports, the place suffered no harm from the earthquake. Military in Control. The minister of war is dispatching order to the military authorities, who have practically taken over the aliso lute power throughout the zone of the earthquake, explaining: "This disaster lias resulted in a greater loss of life than any of our wars for independence. Indeed tin situation is much worse, as while war is always preceded by a period of poverty, this lias happened within 40 seconds. While war only affects the young and strong among the peo pie, the present calamity has mowed down women and children, old men and youths. "While in the war the armies an. followed by the most complete cam] hospitals, the numberless wounded in Calabria and Eastern Cicily have -ecn left, in many cases, 48 hours without assistance. Even when rescued it is impossible to house them everything lias been felled by the shock. The lack of care and starva tion will complete the work that tlie forces of nature have left undone." Warmest sympathy and deepest condolence has been extended by I lu nations of the world. The message of France was especially warm, and she is dispatching five warships from Toulon to Messina. This is hailed as a token of love from a sister race. The minister of marine tonight re ceived word that the steamships Tuar mina and Campania, laden with 45,000 beds and a large supply of provisions had left Genoa hound for Messina. Other steamers, also hound fully stocked, are on their way to the stricken city, from various ports. Water and Food Scarce. The rescue parties, military, naval and civil ,of different nationalities, are performing prodigies, hut the task before them is almost hopeless. Add ed to the difficulty of obtaining food and water, there are no drugs or sur gical appliances. Temporary hos pitals are being rigged up, hut com paratively only the men can he re lieved. The survivors of the earthquake are suffering cruel extremities, and in Messina they may be seen every where vainly searching in the dust and debris for morsels of food. Late dispatches state that the only city of Palmi contains 1,500 dead and twice as many injured . Two-thirds of the town was laid waste. All the villages adjacent are damaged se verely. The king has telegraphed Premier Geolette informing him that Reggio is in* the same .awful condition as Messina and announcing that a Rus sian steamer with 500 injured will arrive at Naples tomorrow. His majesty asks that all preparations he made for their reception at the hos pitals, and requests that the ship lit sent back iwith all tile doctors that can be mustered. Dispatches from Catania describe Messina as appearing like huge in candescent furnaces. The fire lias spread to the buildings that had not yet fallen, completing the work of destruction, The strait nf Messina is now covered with corpses of men and animals. At the present time there are 12 warships at Messina, four Italian, four British and four Rus sian, as well as a number of destroy ers and steamers. The injured are being carried aboard the steamers and will be removed to Naples. The second act of the drama, "Mer cedes" by Thomas Bailey Aldrich, given by Mrs. Wilson next Friday night, is one of the strongest dramatic sketches in modern fiction. LEGISLATURE IN SESSION W. W. McDowell of Silver Bow County Chosen Speaker of the House By the Democrats - Norris Delivers Message. Special to the Democrat. Helena, Jan. 5.—The Tenth .Mon tana legislature was organized here today and many of the preliminaries to the real business of the session disposed of. There were no contests for places to speak of, all of these matters having been disposed of at the caucuses held last Saturday night by the two branches of the general assembly. McDowell Chosen Speaker. W. W. McDowell, of Silver Bow county, was unanimously chosen speaker of the house, having been agreed upon at the caucus of demo crats which was held Saturday night. Ed Burke, of Deer Lodge county, was chosen speaker pro tern and C. 7. Bond, of Gallatin county, chief clerk. There was a large number of ap plicants for the score or more posi tions to he given out by the house and senate hut those with the best pull got the plums. Almost every county in the state is represented among the employes of the two houses. Republicans Organize Senate. The republicans organized tin senate with Tom Everett, of Choteau county, president pro tern; Nate G"d frey, chief clerk and O. Hit I le, of Rosebud county, sergeant at-arms. Governor Norris sent his message to the two houses and the reading was begun at 3 o'clock. MUCH PROPERTY IS DESTROYED BY FIRE GEORGE A. PARROTT AND L. F. SLATER SUFFER A VERY HEAVY LOSS. The most disastrous fire which has occurred in this city for several years destroyed over twelve thousand dol lars worth of property Iasi Wethics day night. Parrott and Slater Lose. G. A. Parrott lost a big furniture warehouse, a lot of furniture and a small dwelling house, the total amount of his loss being about $10,000. L. P. Slater lost his barn, a fine team of horses and a lot of hay and grain, the total value of which was over $1,(HX). Mr. Parrott had hut $1,000 in surance and Slater hut $300. Fire Starts in Barn. The fire was discovered about 10 o'clock in the Slater barn. It evi dently started in the hayloft and it is believed that a cigarette or pipe originated the blaze. Mrs. Slater dis covered the fire and telephoned the fire department, and also to her hus band. Len jumped on one of his hacks and drove home in the hope of saving his little sorrel team .which he knew to he in the barn but by the time he arrived at the place, the flames 'had made such headway that Mr. Slater could not get to his horses and the poor beasts perished. NEWS OF INTEREST FROM KENDALL Kendall, Jan. 4.— It lias been re ported that the numerous cases of. typhoid fever have arisen from drink ing the water from the spring in Mulligan gulch. A bacteriological analysis of the water has been made by Emil Starz. of Helena, the state bacterioligist, and he reports that the water does not show the presence of bacillus typhosus, the germ causing the disease, but recommends that under existing conditions in Kendall that the water be previously boiled before using for drinking purposes and so prevent any risk from con tracting this dread complaint. It -would he well for people to get rid of all collections of empty cans that usually accummulate in the rear of their houses and which afford a good harborage for disease germs of every description, also to see that sanitary arrangements are as perfect a possible by using plenty of disin Big Inaugural Ball. I'ho social event nf the season was 'he inaugural hall given last night at 'he big auditorium. The immense hall was crowded by the hundreds who were fortunate enough to re ceive invitations, every part of the state being represented. All of the state officials were present and the uniformed officers from Fort Harri son helped to make the t ; cene a mos* brilliant one. > Week of PrayeV., ])!■; :iyer s ervices will he held itown fr< ini tile 11th o the Ittsi ive, by the M. E., Prc shy mil Hap list churches On evi "'ling. tile services wi 1, be the Prcsl lyterian church. the vill he "C livic Kigliteousn eSS, lea der wi ill he the Rev. 1 \ A. !, (1 f Ken dall Tuesday - ■ven Ri . v. T1 ids. L. Huxley will SI :-rviees ! at the Moth odist am \ the subject will he, P< .-uple' ' The Rev. 1 . A. w ill lea .1 Wednesday c ■veil "Young J' Dimmick v ing at tin- Baptist church and the sub ject, "The Allied Churches Abroad." Thursday night the services .will be held at the Presbyterian church with the Rev. J. L. Lemmon, of Moore, leader, and the subject, "Aggressive Upbuilding." The final services will he held I'riday evening at tile M. E. church by the Rev E W. Wright, whose subject will he "Our Lewis town Churches." The fire department turned out promplty hut met with a mishap which delayed operations for half an hour. They found the water hydrant frozen and ilu-ir wrenches would not open it. After two wrenches had hc-en broken. Street Commission F.l lison produced a wrench large enough to open it. Before the fire hoys were able to get water on the bames. the lire had destroyed I he barn and had practical ly eaten up the big furniture ware house a few feet away. A dwelling belonging to Mr. Parrott was also caught and destroyed. Other Houses Saved. Only by the best efforts of the fire men were the residences of L. P. Slater and Bart Noble saved. Blankets were soaked in water and spread over the roofs and exposed sides of the buildings and a bucket brigade assist ed in keeping the flames away from the houses nearby. The fire was a hot one, the flames shooting high into the air and illumi nating that entire portion of the city. Despite cold weather, a large crowd gathered to watch the efforts of the firemen. The difficulty In opening the hydrant was due to the fact that the city sprinkling cart had been filled there a day or two previous and it is supposed the hydrant was not en tirely closed up. Chief Bchh has fre quently cautioned the city authori ties against just such an occurrence, claiming that the sprinkler should always be filled from a stand pipe. Messrs. Parrott and Slater have tne sympathy of the community in their losses which fall heavily on both of them. fectants, such as chloride of lime, for matin, sulphate of iron solution and others too numerous to mention. Too much cannot be said in ap preciation of the public-spiritedness of James Whittaker, who had this water tested at his own personal ex pense . Mr. Whittaker lias the care of this spring for the North Moccasin Gold Mining Co. and lias made every effort in the months past to see that people should use clean buckets in dipping water from the spring. The spring will now be cleaned out and a pump put in and the spring house locked. The causes for the typhoid epidemic must now be found elsewhere. The county health official has visited Ken dall and recommends a general clean up, but no steps were taken to enforce any such action. From the frequent (Continued o.. i-. T- 4.)