Newspaper Page Text
OF BOYCOTT John Mitchell, Labor Leader, Defies Courts to Do Their Worst in His Own Case. WANTS REAL LIBERTY Speaker Eloquently Disclaims Against Injustices of Judges—Enthusias tically Received. Toronto, Ontario, Nov. 17.—Indors ing a report of the committee on boycott, John Mitchell, one of the three officers of the American Fed eration of Labor under sentence for contempt of court, made a dramatic speech to the convention. He de clared that so tar as he is concerned, regardless of consequencics, he in tended, while at liberty, to declare for tre rights guaranteed him by the constitution. The report which drew forth Mitch ell's speech and which was adopted by the convention, declared: "We say that when your cause is just and every other remedy has been employed without result, boy cott; we say that when the employer has determined to exploit not only adult male labor, but women and children, and our reasoning appeal to his fairness and his conscience would not sway him, boycott; we say that when labor has been opposed, brow beaten, tyrannized, boycott; we say that when social and political condi tions become so base that every (remedial measure is fruitless, boycott; and, finally, we say we have a right to boycott and we propose to exer cise that right. Right of Boycott "In the application of this right of boycott, to paraphrase the president (Gompers), we propose to strive on and on." The convention broke into loud cheering for Mitchell, as he concluded, and there were cries for Morrison. The secretary did not respond. Pres ident Gompers was absent. Mr, Micthell said he realized that every statement made by those on the convention floor, and especially by those who, next Monday, will have to deliver themselves to the courts, being closely scrutinized. "I shall not speak definitely, but I shall not surrender any right guaranteed to me by the constitution of our country. If I know myself, not any amount of suffering will per suade me that I have not the right to spend my money where I please, or that I have not the right to write and speak as I please. I understand that cognizance being taken at Washington of the ut terances of men on the floor of this convention, and I want clearly to state my position. Will Exercise Rights. "I propose in the future, as I have in the past, to exorcise the rights se cured to me by the fathers of my country; and I propose, if I am sent to jail, to declare again when I come out, that I shall not, for myself, pur i y J put chase any product of the Buck Stove and Range company. I make this declaration not to tickle the ear of IT FITS THE POCKET, THE REGULAR POST CARD j d i . SIZE ~ $10.00, $20.00 and $25.00 We are exclusive kodak agents. Wilson - Seiden Drug Co. Progresaive Druggists. LEWIBTOWN, MONTANA. any man, but that I may publicly de clare the conviction that is within me. "It seems to me that the whole pro ceedings should prove a lasting les son to workingmen of the United States and Canada. If all the work ingmen had been true to themselves, there would not have been a non union product on the market. "I repeat, so far as I am concerned, and let the consequences be what they may, I intend, while at liberty, to de clare for the rights guaranteed to me by the organic laws of my country. I am proud of being an American." Mr. Mitchell said he had grown up as an American, with a step mother so poor that she could not buy bread, and told how he had crept ■out of bed at night to get his father'3 soldier coat to keep him warm. The Word American. "But I want to see the word 'Amer ican' stand for all the sentiment that is symbolized by the flag of our country," he continued. "I want real liberty. I do not believe in the liberty enunciated by some of our courts, that men and women should have the right to work themselves to death. "I do not believe in the liberty enunciated by Judge Tuthill of Chi cago, 1 who declared unconstitutional the 10-hour law for women, and by the act compelled them to work 14 hours a day." Mr. Mitchell said he believed the present proceedings would bring home the necessity of working concert. "Is the time going to come on our continent when the badge of faith fulness to labor must be the brand of imprisonment? he said in conclusion. "Surely, I hope not. I hope that the government may be so conducted that no citizen may feel that he has not been given justice and an equal right with every other citizen." Labor Leaders Get Stay. Washington, Nov. 18.—The court of appeals of the District of Columbia, on request of counsel for the labor leaders, granted a *tay today until Nov. 29 of the issuance of the man date sending President Gompers, Vice President Mitchell and Secretary Morrison of the American Federation of Labor to jail for contempt of the supreme court of the District of Columbia in the Buck Stove and Range company case. Chief Justice Sheppard said that if the labor leaders would, by Nov. 29, the day the supreme court of the United States reconvenes, file in that court a petition for certiorari, a fur ther stay of the mandate would be granted on application pending the determination by the higher tribunal of the application. As a result of this action Gompers, Mitchell and Morrison need not hasten to Washington, as it will not be necessary for them to surrender, nor will they have to resort to habeas corpus proceedings. Toronto, Nov. 18.—Cheers greeted the announcement made by President Gompers in the convention of the American Federation of Labor today that a stay had been granted in the matter of the mandate sending Mit chell, Morrison and himself to jail. "We may be able to eat our Thanks giving dinners at home, after all," remarked President Gompers. ELLIOTT WILL LEAVE. Well Known Agricultural Expert Re signs Position at Bozeman. Announcement is made from the Montana College of Agriculture and Mechanic Arts at Bozeman that Prof. W. J. Elliott, head of the dairy de partment of the college and principal of the school of agriculture, has sent his resignation as a member of the faculty, to take effect January 1, when he will take charge of a 1,000 acre tract of farm land near Strath more, Alta, .the property of the Ca nadian Pacific road. The tract of land to be in charge of Professor Elliott is within a 3,000,000-acre tract which also be longs to the Canadian Pacific. The land to be farmed is primarily an experimental tract, maintained by the railroad. It is also planned to supply the dining cars of the road with pro duce from the farm. Professor Elliott is to be in complete charge of the dairying, poultry, crop raising, and animal husbandry department of the farm with experts in each line to assist him. That the railroad author ities have long acknowledged Mr. Elliott as a capable man is proven by the fact that they have been in touch with him with good offers for his services for some time and he has refused to consider the offer un til the affairs in the college in which he has been connected were well started for the year. Six years has bee n the term of Professor Elliott's connection with the college and during that time he has raised the dairy department from almost nothing to its present pros perous condition. After Professor Elliott withdraws from _ the college it is planned to combine the departments of dairying and animal industry under one head. Prof. R. W. Clark is the present head of the animal husbandry de partment, and upon him will probably also fall the responsibility of oversee ing the department of dairying. An assistant will be hired to take direct charge of dairying. It is thought necessary to combine the departments owing to the fact that it will be dif ficult to get a competent man im mediately to fill Professor Elliott's place. _ It has not yet been decided who will be the successor of Mr. El liott as principal of the school of agriculture. Mention has been made of making Superintendent of Farm ers' Institutes F. S. Cooley, a regular member of the faculty to lead the students in the short course. Definite plans in regard to the changes to be made will be announced before Prof. Elliott leaves. For Sale—3,000 acres of first class : t b "U a "2' clo * e ^ Inquire at this office. 10-19-tf| TOM SPRINGS BIG SURPRISE _(Continued from page 1.) in Kendall after' January 1. A special meeting of the Ladies' Aid Society was held at the home of Mrs. E. R. King on Friday after noon. The ladies are very much pleased over the reception of a check for $76.00 which has been turned over to the society to be used as the ladies see fit, by the committee in charge who had planned to establish a reading room i n the basement of the church. This money was gen erally subscribed by the men interest ed and to these gentlemen the society tenders its thanks for this generous addition to their treasury. The Misses Hogeland, Reese and d Autrcmont entertained a few friends at dinner on Sunday evening, at die home of Mrs. Tim Connell. The young lades proved adepts in t'he art of cooking to the delight of their guests who were Messrs. Murphy, Man waring and Webb Cox. C. C. David left Tuesday for Seat tle, Portland and other coast points to visit relatives. Mr. David lias sold his interests in Kendall and ex pects to be gone the entire winter. A. B. Bernier came over from Maiden Monday, where he is working on t'he Cumberland mill, and spent a couple of days with friends in the gold camp. Hugh Livingston was on the sick list last week. C. W. Cleveland, of Kendall, was a Lewistown visitor on Thursday. John Gilbert transacted business at the^ county seat last week. Tom Short, who has spent sev eral months working bis mining property i n Meagher county, re turned to Kendall last Monday eve ning and will spend the winter here. Mr. and Mrs. John Sweeney drove to Lewistown on business last week. M rs. R. L. Hamilton visited friends in Kendall last week during the ab sence of Mr. Hamilton who was in the bad-lands looking after his sheep. Mr. Hamilton returned Saturday and on Sunday Mr. and Mrs. Hamilton left for their ranch on Box Elder. They were accompanied by Henry Parrent who is ranching in that vicinity. Thompson Fletcher was in town this week from his ranch on Plum Creek. Mr. Fletcher went on to Lew istown on business. Mark Johnson, who is at work on ____ some mining property in the Judith mountains, -was in town Monday. Miss Kate Stevens has been lai«±[ up with a severe attack of neuralgia at the Shaules hotel. Mrs. Mary A. Weistaner returned early in the week to her home in Billings. Mrs. John Murray returned to Ken dall Thursday after an extended visit with relatives in Townsend and Kali spell. Mr. and Mrs. Murray have leased the Dobson house for the winter. Fran Henderson and Johnny Mar shall were in town from their ranches on Ming Coulee, Thursday, BILLION DOLLAR MERGER. Western Union and Bell Telephone Company Form Giant Combination. New York, Nov. 16.—As announced in Boston and confirmed in New York another billion dollar merger ibecanre a reality with the practical absorption of the Western Union Telegraph company by the American' Telephone and Telegraph company. The Western Union company, one of the pet properties of the late Jay Gould, has been in the Gould family for a generation and it was by the sale of the Gould stock that the merger was accomplished. While the report has been current that the Mackay companies, controlling the Postal Telegraps company, ultimately will be included in the plan of re organization, no confirmation of this could be obtained in New York. Of ficials of the Postal were emphatic that the company would remain in dependent. As Stated in Boston. Boston, Nov. 16.—A long stride to ward the complete control by one corporation of all wire communication in the United States was made today in the acquisition by the American 1 elephone and Telegraph company of the control of the Western Union Telegraph company. To make the absorption complete, the incorpora tion of a new billion dollar company, it is said, will be necessary, to include the $592,475,400 of bonds and stocks of the American Telephone and Telegraph company, known as the Bell Telephone company, and the outstanding of $165,000,444 of bonds and stocks of tre Western Union Telegraph company. The acquisition of the Western Union company by the telephone company has been in order for six months and only a sufficient amount to secure control, said to be 51 per cent was taken over. Officers of the telephone company believe that the merger will save the Bell company $75,000,000 in new con struction which it will avoid by the utilization of wire for both telegraph and telephone. Some associate cor porations engaged in the telephone business, a majority of whose stocks rest in the treasury of the parent con cern are: N^York Telephone company, $50, 000000; New England Telephone and Telegraph company, $31,000,000; Bell Telephone company of Pennsyl vania, $31,150,000; New York and New Jersey Telephone company, $25, 400,000; Southern Bell Telephone company, $21,400,000; Cumberland Telephone and Telegraph company, $18,000,000; Chicago Telephone com pany, $17,500,000; Western Telephone and Telegraph company, $16,000,000; Bell Telephone company of Canada, $12,500,000. The telephone system annually transmits 5,956,800,000 messages, while the Western Union handles 68,053,000. The telephone system has 8,089,879 miles of wire, and the Western Union 1,382,509. The total property value of the telephone company is $545, 045,600, and that of the Western Union $124,086,090. Officials of the Postal Telegraph company stated that their company would remain on an independent basis. Stocks of the Western Union fell 3 points On the stock exchange on the news of the passage of control CURED OF "SWORD-SWALLOWING." Knife-Eating Incident Calls to Mind a Little Trick. "While seated in the dining-room of one of our best hotels my atteniio was attracted to a dignified, w groomed, prosperous-appearing man who was deliberately eating with h knife. He also had a sort of strangle hold on his fork which he used back wards and sideways," said a western Pennsylvania man, according to the New York Morning Telegraph. "I cast my eyes about and noted a number doing the same thing. Folk of whom you would expect better man ners, if from no other cause, from pure instinct. "It recalled to me the time when I was a young fellow and my uncle judge in a country district of Penn sylvania—gave a reception to many of the farmers thereabout, at which gigantic old-fashioned spread was placed before them. "I knew well how these sons of the soil would gobble up all they could hold, shoving the food into their faces with their knives. "I was full of mischief at this time, so I got hold of all the knives on the quiet, took them to the grindstone and sharpened them like razors. Then slipped them back to the cupboard "When the guests began their sword-swallowing, one after the other cut their lips with the keen-edged weapons, while I sat in a corner bub bling over with laughter at the affair and hoping the lesson they were be ing taught might be of advantage to them in the future." the organization of the work, con struction and engineerial problems, and the civil government of the canal zone, sanitary conditions which were greatly improved, and of the cost of the canal. The Panama Canal Work, Washington, Nov. 21.—Satisfactory progress in the construction of the Panama canal is shown in the annual r ?Port of the Isthmian canal commia s '°n for the fiscal year ended June 30, 1909, made public by the secretary of war today. The report deals with Overcoat Sate At Porter's Tke greatest Overcoat Sale m the history of this business. THIS WEEK ONLY Fifty Men's all wool overcoats, sizes from 34 to 44, and every one worth from $12 to $18. Sale price - $10.00 Forty Youth's and young Men's Overcoats, all wool, sizes from 12 to 18 years. Regular prices on these from $12.00 to $15.00. Sale price ------- $ 7.50 This Week Only Porter Mercantile - Go. While the report contains few facts which have not been printed from time to time, and scarcely any com ment by Colonel Goethals, chairman of the commission and chief engi neer of the work, it affords sn in teresting resume of what has been accomplished in the year. TOO AFFECTIONATE FOR MAYOR. Dignified Official Dislikes Being Hugged in the Dark by Bruin. _• When closing time came in the city hall the other afternoon Mayor Charles H. French coughed impres sively, indicating a proper degree of satisfaction with the dignified prog ress of his administration, closed his roll-top desk with a bang, permitted the messenger to adjust his overcoat and present his hat, and then trod forth to meet his fellow townsmen, says a Concord (N. J.) dispatch to the New York Herald. Instead of going out the front door of the city hall, however, Mayor French took a short cut that led through a dark hallway past the back entrance of a theater. While the mayor in the city hall was throwing off the shackles of official care a wrestling bear in the theater was busy throwing off the shackles of a more material nature, and as the mayor put on his overcoat the bear shed its leather collar. So it came about that as the mayor entered the dark hallway at one end, the bear en tered it at another. The mayor has a great respect for bears, but this bear had no respect at all for mayors. In the darkness the mayor felt a powerful detaining force laid upon his arm. "Sir," he said, in chilly tones, "if you have business with me, you may call at my office in the morning." "Ur-g-r-r," was the unpleasantly harsh response. "My man—" began the mayor, but he stopped right there, for a furry arm was thrown about his neck, and a rough tongue made a demonstration, which, if it was intended for a kindly salute, failed utterly of its purpose with the mayor. "Le' go!" commanded the mayor, but his companion showed no disposition to yield to harsh commands. The. mayor had other resources. He struck out so savagely with his free hand, and with such painful precision, that the bear, smitten on the nose, loosed its hold and fell back a step. Content with this temporary victory, the mayor sped agilely back over the route he had just traversed, shouting: Bear! Bear!" at every jump. In cor roboration of his alarm, the bear gal loped along behind, bound not to be de serted by his new friend. The mayor was the first to reach an open door, through which he sped Just in time to be able to close It in the face of his pursuer. The bear was led back Into captiv ity by the theater employes. The case of W. E. Elkire, the Pine Grove man who was arrested for the alleged shooting at a woman of that neighborhood last spring, has been 'dismissed, much to the gratification of the friends of that gentleman. EXERCI8E JOINTS AND MU8CLES. Novel Machines Installed in a York Medical College. New The 30 steel machines, with their complicated mechanism, which will be used in the new department of me chanicotherapy in the VanderMlt clinic of the College of Physicians and Surgeans at New York have been placed on public exhibition. The ma chines are a gift of Mrs. Ray Mat shak, in memory of her husband, who was a prominent merchant. Arranged in long rows in a room of the clinic, they look like gymnastic apparatus of intricate design. Dr. Charles H. Jaeger, one of the surgeons of the hospital, explained the machines would give strength to the tissues, bones and muscles of pa tients convalescing from operations The principle of the system is to ex ercise the joints and muscles to re store them to their normal condition "These machines are so planned," Dr. Jaeger said, "that there isn't a joint or muscle In the entire body that cannot be exercised by one of them. The system might be called medical gymnastics, by means of which any workman who has suffered a fracture oi other injury which has disabled a joint or muscle can have the stiffened joint or muscle restored to full work ing capacity in the shortest possible time." Modern Pekin is Progressive. Changes in Pekin are striking: Mac adamized roads, improved drainage, streets kept clean, side stalls re moved into markets, traffic handled by uniformed trained police, modern pub lie buildings, electric light, carriage and broughams in place of chairs or carts, improved schools with students in uniform, female education, public reading rooms and lecture halls, an intercourse with foreigners never be fore known, daily newspapers with tropical illustrations, zoological and botanical gardens, and a crusads against opium. Pekin, exclusive of its unimportant suburbs, has a population of 693,044 persons, represented by 128.008 fam ilies. The children number 173,261. one-half of whom are of school age. The city has 183 schools for boys and 17 for girls, with a staff of 1.200 men teachers and 100 women teachers. The average daily attendance is 16,282 boys and 771 girla '^CARBON PAPER • TYPEWRITER RIBBON KUlw-Brjjnt-Pitrce Oo Manotectonr* Aaron, 111., V. ■. A. It means a big saving to you In your office expenses. Most of tbe offices throughout tbe country—large and small—use "Carna tion Brand" because of Its great economy. Csraatlon"la more durable—more Indel ible. Work Is clearer—more readable—no smutting—no soiled fingers. Stenographers like it. We carry this well-known brand. Call us up—our representative will call with samples and quote prices. Democrat Supply Dept.