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Fergus County D e
THE OFFICIAL. PAPER OF FERGUS COUNTY TOM STOVT, Publisher and Proprietor Entered at the postoffice at Lewistown, Montana, as second-class matter. Subscribers, Notice. In ordering your paper changed to a new ad SUBSCRIPTION: ___£2.50 dress also, to insure prompt delivery. Sub scribers failing to receive '1.25 *ocit& their papers will please .75 notify this office. LEWISTOWN, MONTANA. MARCH 28, 1911. COKE AND CODFISH. In view of the fact that the presi dent of the United States has seen fit to call an extra session of congress for the avowed purpose of having it ratify his Canadian reciprocity agree ment, the Democrat is desirous of giv ing its readers all possible light on a subject which is not very generally understood by the average American. Thi* question of reciprocity with Canada is one which strikes home to the people of Montana. It is looked upon as a democratic measure and this paper regrets that it cannot stand in accord with that sentiment of the party, but a careful study of all pro visions of the proposed agreement convinces us that, as drawn, the re ciprocity agreement is a fake and a fraud so far as the western farmer, and especially the Montana grain grower, is concerned. It takes away the duty which is presumed to uphold the price of his grain, but does not disturb the duty which makes him pay more money for his farming im plements. If the president is going to insist upon a reciprocity agreement with Canada and if the democrats are go ing to uphold his hand in the matter, let them go the full route. Let them remove the duty from the manufac tured articles which the western farm er has to purchase, so he can get them cheaper, while, at the same time, it removes the duty which compels him to sell his grain in a cheaper market. The following editorial, which ap peared in a recent issue of the Daily Missoulian, we believe, covers the question more fully and explains the provisions of the proposed agreement more clearly than we have seen them elsewhere stated: The action of the Montana legis lature in passing its resolution "fa voring the reciprocity treaty with Canada'' without having gone to the trouble even to read the provisions of the so-called reciprocity treaty, is puzzling to the ordinary citizen of the state. While the legislature of the great agricultural state of North Dakota was unanimously passing a resolution protesting against the rati fication of the misnamed reciprocity treaty, the great agricultural state of Montana, through its representatives, for some reason yet unexplained, pur sued a policy directly contrary. A careful examination of the pro visions of the reciprocity treaty re veals the fact that, while every prod uct of Montana farms is placed on the free list, there does not seem to be any article that is consumed by the people of Montana and imported from Canada, not produced in this state, which is placed on this free list, with the exception of coke and codfish. If all the agricultural prod ucts of Montana—sheep, cattle, hogs, wheat, oats, barley, rye, potatoes, flax seed—are to be placed on the free list, surely there must have been in the of 25 per the ing at 82 15 of of if minds of the members of the legis ad lature some great compensatin vantage to their state. The misnamed reciprocity treaty re tains the tariff duties upon nearly all the articles which we import from Canada, except farm products, coke and codfish. The duties are to be maintained upon farm implements, clothing, boots, shoes, paints, oils, glass, household furniture, carpets and every other article which the peo ple of Montana buy. Of course, in the event of the passage of the reci procity treaty, the people of Mon tana will enjoy the great privilege of importing coke and fish from Canada free of duty. When the 20 per cent, duty on cat tle, sheep and hogs has been repealed, which has been in force; when the duty on Canadian barley has been re moved, which has given American farmers a price of 25 cents a bushel higher than the Canadian market tprice; when the differential has been removed from the price of wheat, amounting to 10 cents a bushel, and when the floodgates have been opened to the free importation of Canadian barley, wheat, oats, hay, cattle, hogs and sheep, and when the farmers of Montana and the population of the towns which are dependent upon the farmers cast up the final account, they will discover that, as far as coke is concerned, they will be able to im port it from Canada, free of duty, thus saving the one dollar a ton, which is now levied at the Great Falls custom house on the Canadian coke that has heretofore made up the bulk of the duties collected at Montana's one port of entry. The ratification of th treaty will, of course, relieve the smelter at Great Falls from the pay ment of about $60,000 annually of cus tom duties that now go into the fed eral treasury from the tariff levied on this Canadian coke which, under the treaty, will have free entry. The dividends of the Amalgamated company will be swelled to the extent reciprocity .t-_ of this $60,000 annually, and the stockholders of that great corporation will be gratified, correspondingly, by the beneficient results of "reciprocity." The farmers of Montana, however, will, at the end of the year, begin to wonder what has become of their part of the profits of Canadian reciprocity. Take the one item of barley, for the production of which Montana has be come famous. In 1909 Montana pro duced 1,900,000 bushels of barley. Canada is our only competitor in the raising of barley. Under the present tariff schedules barley imported from Canada carries a duty of 30 cents per bushel, with the result that the selling price of barley in Montana, North Dakota and Minnesota averages about 25 cents per bushel more than in the Canadian barley market. In the daily market quotations on January 31 of this year barley was selling in Winnipeg at 49 cents per bushel, while in Minneapolis and Duluth the same grade of barley was selling at 84 cents per bushel. To be more specific, on January 10 of the present year at Pembina, North Da kota, barley was selling at 67 cents per bushel, while at Emerson, on the Canadian side of the line, four and a half miles distant, on the same day the market price for barley was 42 cents per bushel, or 25 cents per bushel difference. On January 10, in Neche, North Dakota, barley was sell ing at 66 cents per bushel, and two miles distant, at Gretna, on the Cana dian side of the boundary line, it was 'telling at 38 cents per bushel, a dif ference of 28 cents per bushel to the American farmer. On the same date, January 10, at Pembina, North Dakota, wheat was quoted at 97 cents per bushel, while at Emerson, four miles distant, across the Canadian border, it was selling at 82 cents per bushel, a difference of 15 cents per bushel. In the year 1909, according to the report of the secretary of agriculture, Montana produced 6,012,000 bushels of winter wheat and 4,752,000 bushels of spring wheat, making a total pro duction of wheat in Montana that year of 10,764,000 bushel Professor Shaw estimates that the untilled wheat lands of Montana, when they reach their normal produc tion, will yield not less than 400, 000,000 bushels of wheat per annum. But, taking the production for 1909, if the present tariff of 30 cents per bushel on Canadian barley makes an average difference of 25 cents per bushel in the price paid to the Mon tana farmer, as against the price paid to the Canadian farmer, and if the price paid to the Montana farmer for wheat is only 10 cents per bushel higher titan that paid to the Canadian farmer north of the boundary line, the passage of Canadian reciprocity will reduce the returns to Montana farmers in one year on the present barley and wheat crops of the state $1,551,400. As against this tremendous loss to Montana on these two items alone we have only to offset against it the sav ing to the copper smelters at Great Falls of an average of about $60,000 of are at feat the few of and tion are to P cr 0,1 t ' le c °ke imported for in of re of the the im in the smelter at Great Falls The table below shows the number of tons of coke imported through the Great Falls custom house during the past five-year period, and the amount of duty paid to the United States gov ernment in tariff duties on this im portation of coke for the Great Falls smelters Years Emit (1 Quantity Value Duty June 30 Tons 1906 75,206 $379,407 $75,881 1907 61,380 310.683 62.137 1908 40.398 203,587 40.717 1909 85.666 431.696 86,339 1910 43,459 219,270 43,854 Can the great agricultural state o Montana afford to make this kind o a business trade with Canada at tli sacrifice of every interest in Montans merely to relieve the Amalgamated Copper company front the payment of the tariff duties now collected on Canadian coke? This special brand of reciprocity may be satisfactory to eastern nianu facturers; it will be satisfactory to the railway interests, which will reap a harvest of freight tonnage under its operation, in hauling the products of western Canadian lands to American markets; but it certainly is not the kind of reciprocity for which the peo ple of Montana are hungering and thirsting. Some Montanans call it reciprocity: to the average citizen, however, it looks like a lemon. IT the for of his but is MUST PLAY FAIR. There is not wanting confirmation of the statement that President Taft called a special session of congress, not so much to secure favorable ac lion on his pet reciprocity scheme as in hope that the new democratic ma jority in the lower house of congress will get into a snarl over the tariff and thus place the republicans in a better position two years hence. Right now the country is democratic and the politicians in the administration are aware cf the fact. They are counting on heading off the present i movement toward democracy and had |Taft call the extra session largely for ' that purpose. As the situation stands, these an | parlous times for Taft and his sup porters. They realize that the pres ent chief executive would have ab solutely no show of succeeding him self if the election were to be held to morrow. There is a very large ele ment in the republican party who will try to prevent Taft's renomination but there is little likelihood of their succeeding. Taft has working in his behalf the same tremendous force which was used so openly and effec tively three years ago by Roosevelt —the vast power of an army of fed eral officeholders. In the south es pecially are these men supreme. With a few northern states lined up for him, the southern states hold the bal ance of power and, in all likelihood, Mr. Taft will be renominated for president some time about the fourth of July, 1912. The democrats in congress will have ample opportunities to divest themselves of the acknowledged ad vantage which they now possess dur ing the next three or four months. They can almost as easily strengthen their position and the country awaits with considerable interest the results of the extra session. The people of the United States are speedily attaining a precision of judgment and rapidity at arriving at conclusion as to the character of service performed by their chose" representatives. They arc becoming impatient of sham and pretense and crookedness in public office and are, at each election, manifesting less hes itation about expressing their dis deasure a.t official dereliction irres pective of party affiliation. The democrats in congress can de feat the deep laid plan of the admin stration by trying honestly to serve the people's interests during the next few weeks. Let them forget any idea of playing a smooth political game and devote their time, talents and en ergies to working in behalf of the na tion and the people will *ee that they are sustained. Champ Clark and his gallant co horts have a wonderful opportunity to render their party a far reaching service. They can do it by rendering fair return to the people for the money invested in keeping them down there in Washington. IT MAY OFFEND ROOSEVELT. Last fall when in Chicago, Col. Theodore Rjoosevelt refused to sit at the same banquet table with Senator Lorimer and openly gave his reason for refusing to accept, to the effect that the Illinois man was unworthy of the respect of honorable men. In his speech at Los Angeles yesterday the colonel cast most serious reflec tions upon those senators who had but 48 hours more to serve, and among their last acts was to vote to seat Senator Lorimer. According to the colonel's idea of it, Lorimer was kept in the senate by senators who the people had decided they no longer wished to represent them in the sen ate. This means, among others, Thomas H. Carter, the most repudi ated man who ever held office cred ited to the state of Montana. Colonel Roosevelt is soon to be a guest of the city of Helena when it is expected that Mr. Carter will be here, with the hope of occupying a seat alongside those of the mighty. Colonel Roosevelt, by his speech yes terday, places Mr. Carter in the same class with Lorimer because he voted for him. Mr. Carter and his few friends hi Helena, the most of whom, like himself, are discredited in the es timation of the people, are moving heaven and earth to have things so 'arranged at the time of the colonel's Visit to make Mr. Carter one of the big guns of the day. It is not be lieved that Colonel Roosevelt has, as yet, been advised of this scheme, and when he is, it would be quite like him to say that he will not accept the city's hospitality if men of the Lori mer stripe are placed on the com mittee, for the colonel, who would not eat with Lorimer, cannot afford to be seen iii public, either at table or in public conveyance, with those who stand for Lorimer and Lorimerism. If Mr. Carter is in any way given prominence upon the occasion there is no doubt but what the colonel will be highly incensed, so much so that he may regard it as a uublic insult. When the colonel is advised of the plan, which is to elevate Mr. Carter, he may decline to come to Helena at all, and it is very proper that he should, for Mr. Carter is not only discredited in Helena, but throughout all the state, and more particularly so since he defied public opinion and voted for Lorimer, who is today looked upon as the typical represen tative of all that is bad in politics, and which is most offensive to Colonel Roosevelt. If Mr. Carter is place! upon the committee it will be to the discredit of Helena.—Helena Inde pendent. THE INCOME TAX. The ratification of but nine states is now required in order that the in come tax amendment to the constitu tion of the United States shall be adopted. The constitution provides that proposed amendments, to be come valid, must be ratified by three fourths of the states. Of the forty six states in the union, twenty-six have acted favorably on the amend ment. There is no time limit to such ratification by the states and nega tive action by any state is not con clusive, a state having the right to reverse its judgment. The amendment passed congress in the form of a resolution on July 6, 1909. It seeks to add to the consti tution a new article. No. XVI, read ing as follows: The congress shall have power to lay and collect taxes on incomes, from whatever sources derived, with out apportionment among the sev eral states and without regard to any census enumeration." I he matter is scheduled to come before the legislature of Florida next month. West Virginia has postponed action and Arkansas. Tennessee Wyoming, Minnesota and Delaware have not considered the matter. Three states, Vermont, Rhode Island and Utah have refused to ratify the amendment at this year's legislature sessions, while New Hampshire has taken favorable action in one branch cf the legislature only. Among the sixteen which have not yet acted this year, the question is now pending ir the legislatures of Louisiana, New York, Massachusetts, Maine, Connecticut, Pennsylvania and New Jersey. At the close of 1910 the amendment had been ratified by Alabama, Georgia, Illinois, Maryland, Missis sippi, Oklahoma and South Carolina, while last year the legislatures of Louisiana, Massachusetts, New York and Rhode Island refused to adopt it, and the other states took no action. Since Jan. 1, 1911, the following nine teen additional states voted favorably: California, Nevada, Montana, Wash ington, Oregon, Idaho, Texas, North Carolina, Kentucky, North Dakota, Ohio, Iowa, South Dakota, Nebraska, Kansas, Indiana, Missouri, Wisconsin and Michigan. WOULD CONTROL THE PRESS. It is said that there is an effort be ing made by J. P. Morgan and other leaders of the vested interests of this country to buy up several of the most radical of the muck-raking magazines and transforming them into "safe and ane" publications. Such magazines as Everybody's, Pearson's, the Cos mopolitan and Success have done a great work during the last few years in educating the people as to the tin lawful practices of captains of high finance. They have also shown up a most effective manner unfaithful public officials and it will be a dis tinct national loss if the monied in terests, who are intent only upon looting the nation, are successful in their efforts to close up these sources of information. The greater number of the larger daily papers are already so controlled and the people have few enough champions of national repute and circulation to speak for them. A free press is the greatest safeguard of their liberties possessed by the people, while a subsidized press is one of the greatest of menaces. SEN. MYERS OF MONTANA. Bryan's Commoner: Senator Henry L. Myers, of Montana, will be a val uable addition to the United States senate. Senator Myers began the practice of law fifteen years ago. He served the people faithfully in the state senate and for the past four years held the office of district judge, winning the confidence aid respect of all parties. Senator Myers is a student of public questions and a thorough going democrat. A very modest man, he is as courageous as he is conscientious and hs fine char acter will soon make itself felt in pub lic life at Washington. I: New York and Colorado would only do as well as Montana has done the democratic party and the country would have reason to rejoice. With one hundred thousand brave office-holders, armed to the teeth with commissions of loyalty to their chief, President Taft feels that he is fairly well entrenched against the assaults of the less numerous force of the In dependent Republican Progressive League. The Montana revolutionists, under command of that intrepid leader, Joseph M. Dixon, beg leave to an nounce that the only terms which will be accepted by the regular forces fighting beneath the banner of old General Tom Carter is unconditional surrender. The baseball season will open about the same time that the special session of congress convenes. That will serve to turn the attention of the nation from any serious consideration of the progress of either Canadian reciprocity or tariff revision. The state legislatures of Iowa, New York and Colorado are showing a supreme contempt for the very ex cellent example set by the Montana legislature in demonstrating the man ner in which a deadlock should be "busted." The cackling of geese once saved Rome and Tom Carter is depending upon tlie quacking of numerous "lame ducks" to assist hint in saving his bacon from the assault of the Dixon barbarians a few months hence. Teddy toured California last week and made a number of "characteristic" speeches. Having survived the earth quake, California will probably be able to come through this ordeal with fortitude. When the roll of the United States senate is called six years hence it will indeed be surprising if there is pres ent even one of the men who voted in favor of Lorimer to answer "here." The commission form of govern ment has been frequently tried and never found wanting. The people of Lewistown should give the proposi tion the most careful consideration Notice to Whom Concerned. You will please take notice, that we, the undersigned, the owners of the Big Six group and the Boston group of mining claims in Cave Gulch (Whiskey Gulch), in the Warm Spring unorganized mining district, near Gilt Edge, require any and all persons to remove all personal prop erty that they may have upon the above-described groups of claims and to remove the tame within thirty (30) days from the date hereof. Dated this 25th day of March, A. D. 1911. JOHN E. FLYNN. D. J. CHISHOLM, Owners of the Above Claims. First publication March 28-4t PLOWS* PLOWS YOU MIGHT AS WELL HAVE THE BEST ONE Cultivate your soil with the best plows and implements, and you will get the best crops. We sell only the successful, tried, implements, such as the John Deere Stay Sulky Plows, Emerson High Lift Sulky Plows, Disc Harrows, Superior and Kentucky Drills. A complete line of repairs for all our implements. Leading Drag Store In Fergus County* Why? Because we carry the LARGEST and BEST SELECTED STOCK. Mail orders given prompt attention. Try us and you will trade with no one else. C. H. WILLIAMS Lewistown and Gilt Edge* Make Lewistown Your Business Center The farmer in Fergus county who trades in Lewistown receives many advantages not to be found elsewhere. If it is an advantage to trade in Lewistown it is an equal benefit to do your banking with the Empire Bank and Trust Company for the reason that it is equipped with every modern facility, renders immediate attention to all matters of business and treats all its patrons with the same courtesy whether their account be large or small. Checking accounts from $1.00 up are cordially invited and 4 per cent, interest is paid on Certificates of Deposit. c Tke Empire Bank and Trust Co. Lewistown, Montana THE ONLY FIRE PROOF STABLE IN THE CITY PINKLEY'S Big New Stsne Stable is Nsw Open |New Rigs and Careful Drivers Steam Heat, Hot and Cold Water Competent Help and Prompt Attention All the Modern Appliances Biggest and Best Lively and Boarding Stable in the West Corner First Avenue and Janeaux Street. Wait for the New Addition -—— To Lewistown 35 I WILL OFFER FOR SALE ABOUT APRIL 1 Fine Residence Lots Between Park Addition and Fifth Ave. 35 The plats for this addition are now being made. When the lots are placed on the market they will be the best bargains ever offered. .For further information address P. P. Halpm, Box 266 , Kalispell, Mont.