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CENSUS DEPARTMENT OF THE GOVERNMENT GIVES FIGURES. Agricultural and Stock Industries of Treasure State Going Ahead by Leaps and Bounds—Much New Land Being Brought Under Cul tivation. Over Five Million Sheep. Washington, June 28.—Statistics relative to the leading crops for the state of Montana collected at the 13th decennial census, April IS, 1910, are contained in an official statement is sued today by Acting Census Di rector Falkner. Jt is based on tab ular summaries prepared under the 'direction of Dr. LeGrand Powers,! chief statistician for agriculture in the bureau of the census. The figures are preliminary and subject to slight revision later, when a few other farms, whose returns, now incomplete, will be included in the final tables. It is not expected that these additions will materially modify the amounts or rates given in the present statement. The leading crops of the state for 1909, ranked in the order of valuation, were: Iiay and forage, $12,345,000; oats, $6,148,000; wheat, $5,329,000; potatoes, $1,299,000; and flaxseed, $677,000. Hay and forage increased 259,664 acres, or 29.7 per cent., between 1899 and 1909. From 56,801 acres in 1879. hay and forage rose to 300,033 in 1889, to 875,712 in 1899. and finally to 1.135,376 in 1909. Hence, hay and for age during the 30-year period from 1879 to 1909 increased almost nine teen-fold. . The total yield in 1909 was 1.693,556 tons; the average yield per acre, 1.5 tons; the average value per acre, $10.90. From 1899 to 1909 there was an in HAIL ! HAIL! The Farmers Land Co. of Lewistown, Mont., have arranged to write a limited amount of hail insurance with the Northwestern Fire Insurance Co. who have assets back of them amounting to nearly SIX MILLION DOLLARS. Write or 'phone at once to F. J. Robinson, Manager. Do it today—tomorrow may be too late. Farm Loans If you want a farm loan QUICK, come to us. Money always on hand. Interest payable any month in the year agreeable to borrower. No promises as to what we THINK we can do—BUT WHAT WE WILL DO. MONTANA LOAN & INVESTMENT COMPANY Office in 3ank of Fergus County Building. Both telephones LEWISTOWN, MONTANA BUY IT OF LUMBER ca Everything in the Line nf Building Material Successors to Western Lumber & Grain Company crease in oats of 199,257 acres, or 148.8 per cent. Starting with 24,691 acres in 1879, oats increased to 52, 768 in 1889. to 133,938 in 1899, and again to 333,195 in 1909. Hence, oats, during the 30 years in question, in creased more than twelve-fold. The aggregate yield in 1909 was 13,805,735 bushels; the average yield per acre. 41 bushels; the average value per acre, $18.45. Wheat in the decade from 1899 to 1909 increased 166,245 acres, or 180.4 per cent. From 17,665 acres in 1879 wheat rose to 18,696 in 1889, to 92. 132 in 1899, and finally to 258,377 in 1909. a fourteen-fold gain in the 30 years. The total yield in 1909 was 6 251,945 bushels; the average yield per acre, 24 bushels; the average value per acre, $20.60. From 1899 to 1909 the acreage de voted to potatoes increased 10.962 acres, or 114 per cent. From 4,204 acres in 1889 there was an increase to 9,613 in 1899, and to 20,575 in 1909. The total yield in 1909 was 3,240,696 lmshels; the average yield per acre, 158 bushels; the average value per acre, $63.10. From 16 acres in 1899, flaxseed in creased by 1909 to 3/,647 acres. Hence, from an insignificant acreage in 1899, flaxseed has become an im portant miscellaneous crop. The total yield in 1909 was 447,484 bushels; the average value per acre. $18. i The increase in barley for the de cade ending with 1909 was 4.394 acres, or 19.2 per cent. From 1,323 acres in 1879. there was an increase to 4,652 in 1899. to 22.848 in 1899 and to 27,242 in 1909. The total yield in 1909 was 753.268 bushels; the aver age yield per acre, 28 bushels; the average value per acre, $17.60. The cereals had an aggregate acre age in 190*1 of 635,807 acres, as com pared to 254.231 in 189*1. an increase of 381,576 acres, or 150 1 per cent. Of the cereals, oats ranked first, not only in acreage but also in value. Its acre age and value comprised more than one-half the total acreage and total value, respectfully, <"f the cereals. Wheat was a very close second in acreage and value, while barley stood third. Wheat showed the highest average value per acre among the cereals: rye, the lowest. The aver age value per acre of the cereals was $19.30. almost double that of hay and forage. Among the hay and forage crops "Wihl, salt, or prairie grasses" ranked fir-t in acreage and value while "alfalfa" was second. "Timothy alone" held third place in acreage and value, with "timothy and clover mixed" a close competitor. The value of the hay and forage crop was greater than the value of the com bined cereals. There was a small number of miscellaneous crops, and most of them were well above the more usual crops in value. Stock Industry Booming, Washington, June 28.—Statistics relative to the domestic animals, poultry and bees reported on farms and ranges for the state of Montana at the thirteenth decennial census. April 15, 1910, are contained in an official statement issued by Acting Census Director Falkner. It is based on tabular summaries prepared under the direction of Dr. LeGrand Powers, chief statistician for agriculture in the bureau of the census. The figures are preliminary and subject to' slight revision later, when a few other farms, whose re turns are now incomplete, arc in cluded in the final tables. It is not (Continued on page 9.) JOE DIXON INSURGING. Montana's Republican Senator Ready to Make Good Job Revising Tariff. Senator Joseph M. Dixon, of Mon tana, started out to insurge in Wash ington last week and succeeded in out insurging even I.aFollette, Bristow and other princes of the house of in surgency. Not only did he bitterly denounce the Canadian reciprocity bill, but he went to the extent of declaring that if that bill passed, as he conceded it would, he would favor not only a re vision of the wool schedule, but all other schedules of the Payne-Aldrich lawlaw. Canadian reciprocity, he declared, was a slap at the farmers, and if they are to be deprived of their measure of protection, he de dared that citizens engaged in other industries should be similarly and proportionately deprived of protec tion. When thoroughly aroused Senator Dixon showed extreme re sentment of President Taft's course regarding Canadian reciprocity, and openly questioned the president's re publicanism. While denouncing Canadian reci procity. Senator Dixon was inter rupted by Senator Martin, democratic leader, who said: "The senator from Montana seems to forget that the originator of this hill is the republican president of the United States." "I have some doubt about that," replied Dixon. Senator Dixon was one of the first republicans to dis close the plan of the insurgents to join with the democrats to bring the wool bill out of the finance committee and to use it as a basis for a general revision of the tariff. After denounc ing Canadian reciprocity as inimical to the interests of farmers, he turned to the Gore resolution, and declared he would not limit action by the senate to the farmers' list bill am' the wool bill, but said there would be an occasion for revising many oth er schedules. "While 1 am a pretty good pro tecti nist," declared Dixon, "if the democrats will offer as amendments to the i -ciprocity bill their farmers' free list and other bills, I will vote for them. But don't come in here with a popgun revision of the wool schedule and a fake free list. If the Canadian bill passes—and it looks as if it would—and we destroy the prin ciple of protection, let us not leave off with one corner of the temple of protection torn down. Let us go through the whole list, and out of the ruins which will come after the American people have taken a new -urvey of conditions, we may he able again to construct a comprehensive system. " lam ready to start revising th tariff, and it will not be only the wool schedule and the free list, am ready to take the whole thing from A to Z, and, so far as I am concerned, I am ready to give it a re vision that will not be a homeopathic one." The-e declarations brought Seuatot Martin to his feet and he chided Sen ator Dixon for his advanced stand, ahead of anything that has been ad anced by other progressive senators up to that time. Senator Martin then remarked that Senator Dixon was tocking up with a little brimstone and was preparing to put some fire to it "and open a little hell of his own." "Just as big a one as I can," said Senator Dixon. (Continued from page 7.) C. M. Kelly, indexing, $1,570.20. F. R. Cunningham, cash advanced $11.50. Allen & Robinson, rent scales room $45.00. Gottlieb Jenni, road work, $6.25. Fred Jenni, road work, $25.75. Central Construction Co., labor at poor farm, $30.00. Board adjourned to 10 a. m., June 12, 1911. Board met as per adjournment June 12, 1911. Present: Julius Petersen, chairman Joseph Gallagher, commissioner; R. Cunningham, clerk. The various road supervisors throughout the county were instruct ed to collect the special road tax o $2.00 from each man between the ages of 21 and 50 years in their re spective districts and to bring action against all employers of labor who refuse to furnish the list of persons employed by them, as provided in Sections 1344, 1347, 1353 and 1354 of the Political Code, Revised Statutes of 1907, and the clerk was instructed to have a notice to that effect pub lished in the Fergus County Demo crat and the Fergus County Argus. The most easterly room on the first floor of the court house was leased to M. C. Peters and W. H. Cook for a period of 18 months, at a monthly rental of $15. Road-viewers were appointed as follows: Fred R. Warren and L. B. Divers on a road proposed to run as follows: Beginning at the corner common to SE 1-4 SW 1-4, SW 1-4 SW 1-4, Sec. 35, Tp. 14 N., R. 13 E., and the NE 1-4 NW 1-4, NW 1-4 NW 1-4, Sec. 2, Tp. 13 N., R. 13 E.; thence running due east on the township line to the corner common to Secs. 33 and 34, Tp. 14 N., R. 14 E. f and Secs. 3 and 4, Tp. 13 N.. R. 14 E. Henry Metz and Herman Otten, Jr., on a road proposed to run as fol lows: Beginning at a point 27.50 chains north from the one-quarter corner on the south line of Sec. 35, Tp. 15 N„ R. 17 E.; thence in a northwesterly direction to the present traveled road. Mr. Lichten waiter and Peter E. Jackson on a road proposed to run as follows: Beginning at the section corner common to Secs. 7, 7, 17 and 18, Tp. 15 N., R. 13 E.; thence south 1 mile; thence cast 1 mile; thence south on section lines as nearly as practicable about 6 miles, to intersect with the Utica and Hobson road. E. C. Schrader and Brundage Keir stead on a road proposed to run as follows: Beginning at the southeast corner of Sec. 24, Tp. 18 N., R. 14 E.; thence uc west 3 miles. Also beginning at the southeast corner of Sec. 22, Tp. 18 N., R. 14 E.; thence due north 1 1-4 miles, to intersect with county road on north. I'etitions for roads were disallowed follows: Beginning at Forest Grove post of e; thence down the north side of McDonald creek, following the most practicable route, to intersect the present county road at Grass Range. Road-viewers' reports were ap proved as follows: On a road proposed to run as fol lows, viz.: Beginning at a point 555 feet east f tlie one-quarter corner common to 21 and 28. Tp. 15 N., R. 23 E.; thence south 9 degrees 23 minutes east 251 feet; thence south 16 degrees ) minutes east 1,795 feet; thence outh 21 degrees 50 minutes east 750 eet to C. M. & S. P. Ry. Co. rig.ht t way; thence across said right-of y. to intersect Main street in Grass Range, Mont. \ petition for a retail liquor license to he issued to Hughes & Jancik, to onduct a saloon at Dover, was ap proved. and the county treasurer in tructed to issue same. Bills were allowed as follows: II. A. Davee, conducting examina lo.ns, $70.00. f. I. Stapleton, hauling garbage, $15.00. J. S. McDuff, wood, $5.00. Chas. Cowdery, road work, $86.50 David Foreman, road work, $315.00 Board adjourned to 10 a. m„ June 3. 1911. Board met as per adjournment utie 13, 1911. Present: Julius Petersen, chairman; Joseph Gallagher, commissioenr; F R. Cunningham, clerk. The license of -arson & Kemp, conducting a saloon at Dover, was revoked for failure to pay license promptly. The official bond of Eugene Howe, upervisor of road district No. 19, was examined and approved. Road- viewers' reports were ap proved as follows: On a road proposed to run as fol lows, viz.: Beginning at the section corner common to Secs. 7, 8, 17 and 18, Tp 17 N„ R. 12 E.; thence south 4 miles; thence south 25 degrees, 34 minutes east 9,128 feet; thence by a 1 degree curve to right 826.6 feet (central angle 8 degrees 16 minutes); thence south 7 degrees 18 minutes 1,H7 feet, to ntersect now traveled road. Also be inning at northeast corner Sec. 19, Tp. 17 N„ R. 12 E.; thence west 1 mile; thence south 1 mile; thence east 1 mile. Also beginning at the north west corner of Sec. 20, Tp. 17 N„ R. 12 E.; thence east 5 miles. Also be ginning at the northeast corner of Sec. 15, Tp. 17 N., R. 12 E.; thence south 3 miles; thence west 1 mile; thence south 1 mile; thence west 2,200 feet; thence south 2 miles. Also be ginning at the northeast corner of Sec. 13. Tp. 17 N„ R. 12 E.; thence outh 2 miles; tence west 2 miles \lso beginning at the southeast cor ner of Sec. 2, Tp. 16 N., R. 12 E.; thence west 3 miles and 800 feet Also beginning at the southeast cor ner of Sec. 2, Tp. 16 N., R. 12 E thence south 1 mile; thence west miles. Declared a county road. On a road proposed to run as fol lows, viz.: Beginning at the east end of First avenue, in Benchland, Mont.; thence due east one-fourth mile, across th«, SE 1-4 NE 1-4, Sec. 12, Tp. 15 N„ R. 13 E., to the township line. De clared a county road. On a road proposed to run as fol lows, viz.: Beginning at a point near the north west corner of Sec. 29, Tp. 15 N., R 12 E.; thence in an easterly direction following the old stage road to a point about one-fourth of a mile east of the northeast corner of Sec. 29, Tp. 15 N., R. 13 E.; thence due east on the section line to intersect the county road No. 316 at the section corner common to Secs. 23, 24, 25 and 26 Tp. 15 N., R. 13 E. Declared a county road. On a road proposed to run as fol lows, viz.: Beginning at the northeast corner of Sec. 31, Tp. 18 N., R. 15 E.; thence due west on section line 7 miles; thence north 25 degrees west 350 feet to intersect county road No. 285. De clared a county road. On a road proposed to run as fol lows, viz.: Beginning at the northwest corner of Sec. 35, Tp. 16 N„ R. 13 E.; thence south 2 miles; thence east 1 mile; thence south 375 feet; thence south 72 degrees 30 minutes east 194 feet; thence north 73 degrees 52 minutes eas-t 340 feet; thence north 88 degrees 8 minutes east 203.5 feet; thence south 64 degrees 47 minutes east 293 feet; thence south 49 degrees 27 minutes east 2,685 feet; thence south 87 de grees 2 minutes east 142.5 feet; thence east 177 feet, to intersect with Fourth avenue and Pine street in the town of Benchland. Roads were disallowed as follows viz.: Beginning at the township line be tween ranges 13 and 14 at a point one fourth of a mile south of the section line which divides Secs. 6 and 7, Tp 15 N., R. 14 E.; thence due east 3 miles. Bills were allowed as follows: J. L. DeHart, extra expense in Maze Heagy case, $40.00. Board adjourned to 10 a. m., June 17, 1911, the 14th, 15th and 16th be ing spent in viewing several bridge sites in the western part of the county. Board met as per adjournment, June 17, 1911. All members present. Most of the day was spent in tht consideration of road matters. Road-viewers were appointed as follows: Simon Douglas and A. W. Hubbard on a road proposed to run as follows viz.: Beginning at the south end of Cen tral avenue, in the village of_ Wind ham; thence south to the section line between Secs. 12 and 13, Tp. 15 N.. R. 12 E.; thence west to the north west corner of Sec. 13; thence south to the southwest corner of said See. 13, there to intersect with the county road. H. H. Wilson and Richard Noble on a road proposed to run as follows, viz.: Beginning at the southwest corner of the SE 1-4 SW 1-4. Sec. 20, Tp 12 N., R. 21 F,.; thence west one-half mile; thence north one-half mile; thence west 80 rods; thence north westerly to the northwest corner of the NW 1-4, Sec. 18. Tp. 12 N., R 21 E.; thence north 1 3-4 miles to the northwest corner of the SW 1-4 NW 1-4, Sec. 6, Tp. 12 N.. R. 21 E.; thence east one-half mile; thence north one-half mile; thence east 2 'miles to middle of Sec. 33. Tp. 13 N. R. 21 E.: thence north 1 3-4 miles. W. T. Neill and Harvey McLaughlin on a road proposed to run as follows viz.: Beginning at a point in Tp. 11 N. R. 17 E.. on the half section line be tween Secs. 7 and 18; thence due south to the Meagher county boun dary line. Bills were allowed as follows: Orlando Sawyer, justice fees, $13.00 c Uxc Bankers Reserve Life Com pany of Omaha BASCOM H. ROBINSON. President INVITES COMPARISON of tkeir policy maturing in sixteen years at a twenty pay rate. If delivering tke goods appeals to you, W. N. Frykerger or E. M. Huff will ke glad to skow you tke contract. TRICKS and KNACKS of FISHING I Worth a Dollar 1701717 This r KIjL Month The Fishing Season is Now Open HAVE YOU SELECTED YOUR TACKLE FOR THIS SEASON? IF NOT, CALL AND LET US SHOW YOU OUR LINE. WE HAVE A LARGE AND COM PLETE STOCK TO SELECT FROM AND CAN OUTFIT YOU COMPLETELY. Our Line Will Stand the Test RODS, REELS, FLIES, HOOKS, FLY BOOKS, SPOON HOOKS, MINNOWS, BAIT CANS, TACKLE BOXES, LEADERS. EV ERYTHING FROM THE CHEAPEST TO THE DEAREST. HoW About a 22 Cat. for Your Out ings This Summer. Mighty Nice Practice . OR MAYBE THE. NATIONAL GAME OF BASEBALL WILL LURE YOU TO OUR STORE TO INSPECT OUR LINE OF "THE FA MOUS REACH BRAND OF BASEBALL GOODS." "Call m and Talk it Over *» FERGUS COUNTY HARDWARE CO. Fifth Avenue, Mutual Phone 125 C. H. Dahl, constable fees, $7.50. Leonard G. Bibb, road work, $56.50 Glen A. Galt, tax rebate. $2.00. Glen A. Galt, tax rebate, $2.00. Montana Lumber Co., merchandise, $39.00. Montana Lumber Co., merchandise. $32.10. Thos. G. Hayden, salary, $7.00. The clerk was instructed to request the roadmaster of the B. & N. R. R Co., at Judith Gap. to provide for a crossing of a county road in the mid dle of Sec. 34, Tp. 14 N., R. 15 E.. and to furnish sufficient gravel o make the necessary approaches, and to send bill for the gravel to the county. Board adjourned to 10 a. m., Jum 19, 1911. Board met as per adjournment, June 19. 1911. Present: Julius Petersen, chairman; Joseph Gallagher, commissioner; F. R. Cunningham, clerk. Most of the day was spent in the consideration of road matters. The clerk was instructed to adver tise in the Fergus County Democrat for two successive weeks for bids for the construction of twelve steel and concrete bridges to be built over Up per Spring creek, Beaver creek. Rock creek. Little Rock creek. Louse creek Ross' Fork and Buffalo creek. Board adjourned to 10 a. m., June 20. 1911. Board met as per adjournment, June 20. 1911. Present:'Julius Petersen, chairman; Joseph Gallagher, commissioner; F R. Cunningham, clerk. The board visited the poor farm in the morning and found conditions very satisfactory. The county attorney was instruct ed to bring condemnation proceed ings against the owners of land in Tp. 11 X., R. 16 F... south of GarneMl beginning at the David Sherman ranch, for a right-of-way for a road over land embraced in road No. 315 The clerk was instructed to notify the county surveyor to prepare a plat showing the land over which road No 315 passes, for the use of the county attorney in an action to be brought for a right-of-way. Rills were allowed as follows: Joseph Gallagher, mileage and cash advanced, $118.00. J. J. Parsons, wood. $4.00 Toseph Gallagher, salary. $122.50.. Julius Petersen, salarv, $157.00. Board adjourned sine die. Approved. JULIUS PETERSEN. \ttest: Chairman. F. R. CUNNINGHAM Clerk.