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THE OFFICIAL PAPER OF FERGUS COUNTY TOM STOUT, Publisher and Proprietor Kntered at the postoffice at Lewistown, Montana, aa second-class matter. ^aMnhi Subscription. One year-— Six months ........— Three months-- .$2.50 . 1.25 . .75 Subscribers, Notice. In ordering your papei changed to a new ad dress, mention old ad dress also, to insure prompt delivery. Sub scribers failing to receive their papers will please notify this office. LEWISTOWN, MONTANA, ..OCTOBER 24, 1911. PRESIDENT TAFT. Because he is the president of this nation, the people of Montana, with out regard to political affiliation, joined in extending to William How ard Taft last week a most cordial wel come to the Treasure state. The gov ernor of the state, who is a democrat, welcomed him in Butte and many prominent democrats broke bread with him at the various banquets given. So far as known, there was not a discordant element connected with the president's visit here and, for this fact, all patriotic citizens of Montana are grateful. Primarily, the president's trip about the country at this time is to explain to the people his various policies, let them know where he stands on vital issues of the day, and why. Inci dentally, he hopes to have these ex planations accepted by enough people to enable him to be renominated and re-elected president of the United States. Were Mr. Taft not a candi date for a second term, it is doubtful if the present tour would have been undertaken. The tour has been unfortunate for the president in that it has been one of defense rather than offense. He has been called upon to explain ac tions already taken and many of these explanations have savored strongly of excuses. The making of excuses, es pecially in the face of an admittedly hostile public sentiment, is no pleasant task. It can hardly be possible that the president relishes the pastime, but his own future, politically, and the welfare of his party, demanded that he make the sacrifice. Although the president's tour has been a success, so far .as the absence of any untoward events could make it so, it is a fact that it has not been productive of any vast amount of spontaneous enthusiasm. There has been a lot of the manufactured variety for political purposes, but compared to the receptions tendered Theodore Roosevelt and William Jennings Bryan when they were enjoying the height of political prestige, Mr. Taft's meetings have been quite tame. Peo ple have given him an attentive hear-' ing, for the reason that the American people are inherently fair and are will ing at all times to give any man a hearing, whether they are in sym-1 pathy with him or not. In a perfectly decorous way, many of them have ap plauded his utterances, but there are grounds for the suspicion that they were applauding the president of the United States rather than his views on public questions. There are no in dications that the tour has stemmed the tide of disapproval and opposi tion, that it has overcome the well defined idea that while a most amiable gentleman personally, Mr. Taft has not been a top-line success as presi dent. It is scarcely believable that his presence in Montana has had a great deal to do with quelling the ris ing storm of insurgency in this state,! and what is true in Montana is doubt less true in Iowa, Kansas, California, Oregon, Washington and other strong ly insurgent states. Socially, it has heen a fine little 13,000-mile junket, but evidence has yet to be adduced that it has had the slightest effect politically. ...... ........ — INSURGENTS INSURGE. A bunch of insurgent republicans held a meeting in Chicago last week. Some of the more prominent among them, such as Senator Moses E. Clapp, of Minnesota, were not backward in! expressing their hostile attitude to ward President William Howard Taft. They stated that the situation solves itself into a question of nomi '■ j nating Taft and having the eternal daylights licked out of them, or nomi nating some progressive like LaFol lette and winning. This statement! may set a lot of the boys now holding down federal appointments to think-' ing, as their activities are naturally going to be directed along the line which offers the greatest keeping them on the payroll. But for the nation-wide political ma chine, which any president is able to build up with the assistance of about three hundred thousand appointees, Taft would not be very seriously con sidered, but w1th that advantage, it is now considered a certainty that he Wui receive the nomination next sum mer. The insurgents will make quite s£ bit of racket and kick up a little dust, but the Hitchcock steam roller will flatten them out before the con vention meets. There is just one way for the in-' surgents to prevent Taft's renomina tion and that is to enlist the open as sistance of the gentleman down at Oyster Bay, Colonel Teddy. There is little doubt but that Roosevelt is heartily in sympathy with the in-j surgent cause and has entirely broken with Taft, whose term of office has been spent largely in repudiating all of the policies and men dear to the heart of the colonel. James A. Gar field, formerly a Roosevelt cabineteer, attended the Chicago meeting and, while somewhat guarded in his talk, did not avoid the opportunity to give the president one or two back-hand slaps. Garfield was looked upon by the press and public generally as Colonel Roosevelt's personal repre sentative and went to the Windy City directly from a conference with his chief at Oyster Bay. In the meanwhile, Teddy himself is making a record for extreme reti cence. He is giving all of the little oysters of Oyster Bay a lesson in silence. He did take a good healthy punch at Taft's arbitration treaties, but that was simply a part of his day's work as an editor. Some say that he is playing a deep game, that, at the psychological moment, he will let it be known that he is willing to get back on the job himself. Another guess is that he is wisely waiting to see who has the odds in his favor and that, as is his wont, he will pro ceed to champion the winner, be it Taft or LaFollette. Time alone will reveal what is pass ing under the colonel's helmet, as it were quite as easy to restrain the out bursts of Vesuvius as to keep the colonel bottled up, speechless, for any great length of time. He has lived too long beneath the glare of the white light of publicity and likes it too well to take any other course. Some day in the not too far distant future there is going to be an earthquake at Oyster Bay and every political seismo graph in the land is going to record tue shock. Some of the more delicate ly adjusted of them may have detect ed a slight tremor during the Chicago j nsu ,.g ent meeting, but the real tumble-down shake is yet to come. A STATE NEED. It is stated that there is on foot a movement in the city of Helena for the erection of a modern hotel, and this announcement will be hailed with joy in all parts of the state. Ordi narily, the construction of a hotel holds only local interest for the city in which it is beings built. The Hel ena case is different. ' Being the capitol of the state, Hel ena is called upon to entertain sev eral hundred guests for a period of sixty days each two years. Being the home of the state fair, it is called up on to take care of thousands of visi tors for an entire week every year, By reason of its accessible location, it is the favorite convention city of the state. It is likewise the natural financial and political center of Mon tana, and all of these elements com bined induce a considerable percent age of the people of this state to pay Helena a visit during the course of a twelve months. For ten years, Helena has been without what may be termed a decent hotel. Every place there bearing the name is antiquated, delapidated, meagerly furnished and possessing only the merit of courteous manage ment to repay guests for the discom forts which they suffer. It is a con dition which has been a disgrace, not only to Helena, but also to the entire state, which the capital city is sup posed to typify, for the past decade. There are few cities in the United States of the size where so much ac tual wealth is concentrated as in Hel ena. The list of their more than mod erately wealthy men is a long one. The list of those who are keeping pace with the marvelous progress of Montana is not so long. The people of this state have treat ed H e l ena most kindly. They have f recte( * t !)f. re a capitol building cost a an d a half. Tens of tuousan( ls have been appropriated in ^PPort of the state fair. In return f or a ^ ot ^is, Helena has done noth ing. Her people have been alert only j in constantly asking for more. Be tween times, they have peacefully « lumb ered on, dreaming of the golden days °. 1 ^ lder G * llch and oblivious of j tde sirring activity in every other po LV° n ° f Gle , stat f 1 The recent legislature served notice on Helena that there will be no more a PP r °Pri atl °ns lor a state fair, ad ditional ca PUol grounds or anything else a public nature in which Hel ena is interested until the people of that city awaken to some of the re impossibilities which rest, upon them Just this sentiment is growing throughout the state and it is gratify J* 1 ® learn that the ultimatum has j * lad t he effect of arousing the capi 1 ta !? Rtlc denizens of that Sleepy Hollow 'Ullage to a show of activity. NOT JUST YET. Our good friend, Col. Sam Small, rathers lopped over when, in a recent issue of his paper, the Judith Gap Journal, he nominated President Louis jW. Hill, of the Great Northern, for governor of Montana. While we share with Col. Sam an honest admiration for Mr. Hill's abilities in the business world and are also pleased that the head of one of our greatest railroad enterprises nas decided to make Mon tana his legal place of residence, we hold that he is not bringing all of wis doin and statesmanship with him when he moves upon the Treasure state. We doubt very much if Mr. Hill himself, who appears to be pretty evenly poined fellow, relishes this sort of cheap adulation and should not be surprised if the Judith Gap editor does not have a few extra pages torn off his mileage book Just for that. Montana is certainly not so desti tute of gubernatorial timber that it is necessary to draft a resident of Minnesota for the job, even though he happens to be a railroad president. We have never had much difficulty in picking pretty good men for that Job, men who shine brilliantly in any as semblage, men acquainted with th*. state's needs and possessing the ability successfully to administer the state's affairs. It occurs to us that aspirants for the republican nomination for gov ernor next summer, such as Bill Al len, Ed. Donlan, Johnny Edwards and others too numerous to mention, will not be pleased when they read that one of their staunch party organs has incontinently shunted them to the rear and acclaimed a comparative alien as the real Moses in the political wilder ness of Montana. Really, it would ap pear that Col. Sam is not only Jeo pardizing his mileage book, but his very meal ticket, in the shape of state and federal patronage, as well. A NEW RAILROAD'S REPORT. Saturday Evening Post: The rail roads, we read the other day, have been "completely crippled" by the in terference of the Interstate Commerce Commission. They can neither earn an adequate return upon the capital actually invested nor secure addi tional capital for extensions and im provements. We have read the same sort of thing so often in the last two or three years that we might really believe it if all the evidence were not on the other side. The biggest piece of new railroad construction of late is the St. Paul's extension to the Pa cific Coast. This comprises nearly two thousand miles of main track and cost, with equipment, a hundred and fifty-four million dollars. The St. Paul, of course, had no difficulty what ever in securing the capital required; but usually not much is expected of a new line of road. Generally speaking, as Mr. Carnegie long ago pointed out, "pioneering doesn't pay"—immediately. The first report for a full vear's operation of this new line was published the other day, however, and it shows that the extension earned seven per cent net on the capital invested. It was able, therefore, to pay interest on the four per cent bonds which cover the cost of construction, to pay a dividend of two and two-thirds per cent on the hundred million dollars of stock which represents merely "good-will," and had a neat little surplus left over. Few railroad men will deny that seven per cent is a very fair return upon rail road capital. If the extension's bonds and stock were listed they would prob ably fetch a price that would show a promoter's or underwriter's profit of about thirty per cent—which most of us would not regard as discouraging. WHO'S WHO. Just now there is entertained a mild curiosity on the part of the peo ple of this state as to whom President Taft is going to listen when he comes to make an appointment of a federal judge in Montana, Joseph M. Dixon or the Amalgamated Copper company. Senator Dixon and the big copper cor poration are decidedly antagonistic just now. Mr. Dixon has recommend ed for the position of federal judge, the Hon. E. K. Cheadle, of this city, among whose numerous accomplish ments is a manly freedom from the slightest suspicion of domination by the Amalgamated. Doubtless, Sena tor Dixon took this very excellent qualification into consideration when he recommended Judge Cheadle. Naturally, the Amalgamated does not desire Judge Cheadle. They have another man in view, a resident of Butte, of course, who is decidedly more to their taste. What's more, they are leaving no stone unturned in their efforts to have their man ap pointed. This paper believes that there are combined in Judge Cheadle all of the elements of a fair, capable and an un biased jurist. Before him the Amalga mated will have just the same chance as any other litigant. Such a con clusion is drawn from a first-hand ob servation of his long and honored rec ord on the district bench. The Amalgamated people evidently do not desire a man of this character on the bench. And why not? Are they now or do they contemplate do ing something which might bring them within the pale of the law? And are they trying to fortify themselves by having a man biased in their favor on the bench? We can read no other motive into their concerted opposition to Judge Cheadle at this time. THE IMPOTENCE OF MERE TALK. St. Louis Republic: "I don't believe President Taft influenced a single man in Kansas who was not for him be fore," said Senator Bristow. "How could he?" The inquiry is pertinent and goes to the root of things. Once in a while situation arises in public life in which an official finds himself square ly misunderstood in a matter which a straightforward explanation will clear up, but such cases only arise when he has been the victim of a prejudice which real acquaintance with him must perforce dispel, or when there are circumstances concealed from the public which he is prepared to disclose. Neither condition is fulfilled here. The American people know President Taft and like him. He did not need to undertake the present journey to convince us that he is a genial person whose way is paved with good inten tions. As for the facts concerning his vetoes, they were known before he started. He has done nothing to add to the merciless light which already beat upon them. Mr. Taft has only talked. And talk, per se, is one of the most impotent things known to man. It is acts that speak, and the president had acted al ready. He has not undone his acts by his remarks. How could he? UNION MEN 80RE. If president Taft is a close ob server, he probably noticed that there were no representatives of the thou sands of labor union men in Butte among those who greeted and feted him in the big copper metropolis. The heads of the labor unions were invited to participate in the reception to the president, but declined, claiming that he is the enemy of the workingman and the "father of injunctions." While a federal judge, Taft rendered some decisions vitally antagonistic to labor unions and, while thousands of union men were coerced into voting for him at the last election, it is doubtful if such methods will be again success ful. The Butte labor leaders reflected the general attitude of unionism to ward the president. TARIFF ROBS PEOPLE. John Arbuckle, Sugar and Coffee King, Says Remove the Duty. New York, Oct 18.—Just before sailing for Europe today, John Ar buckle, the sugar refiner and coffee manufacturer, issued a statement strongly attacking the tariff on raw sugar, declaring it to be a "wicked tax" for the benefit of the beet sugar interests. In his statement, Mr. Ar buckle said: "I am going abroad to rest and re cuperate in preparation tor the fight to be made in congress at its next session for free sugar. I propose to de vote all my time and all my ability and all my strength to the abolition of all import duties on raw sugar, a most wicked tax on a food necessity of all our people. It taxes the man who works for a wage of a dollar a day as much as it taxes Mr. Astor or Mr. Morgan or Mr. Rockefeller. Each eats, or, at least, needs the same amount of sugar and they pay, not according to their ability, but accord ing to their needs, reversing an ele mental rule of taxation. "Just look at the figures showing how the price of refined sugar to the consumer is made up. I disregard the abnormal price lately prevailing for the raw product, and take a nor mal price. "Price paid by New York refiners for raw sugar is 2.4 cents. "Duty per pound, 1.685 cents. With the raw sugar costing the refiner 4.085 cents per pound his price to whole sale grocers for granulated sugar is about 4.90 cents per pound and the wholesale grocers' net price to the New York retail grocers per pound is about 4.95 cents and the retail grocers' prices to consumers are about 5.15 and 5.25 cents per pound. So that for ev ery pound of sugar going into a house hold in New York at 5.25 cents per pound, the government of the United States has exacted 1.685, or almost one-third of the total price. "It means that every household that now buys three and a half pounds of sugar, could, with the same money, buy five and one-quarter pounds, it this tax were removed. "As someone has said, sugar is the comfort of old age and the delight of youth. Your Uncle Sam is engaged in taking candies from the children, the height of meanness. The duty on raw sugar is 78 per cent of its value. "You will be surprised to compare this import duty with others: Name. Sugar ..................................... Duty, Per Cent. ......................... 78 7 Champagne ................... .........-..........................70 Automobiles ................... ......................................-45 Furs ....................................... ........................................50 Diamonds ........................... ........................................10 Pearls ..................................... ........................................20 *"The duty which the United States exacts on import of raw sugar holds up the price of the beet sugar, as well as the cane sugar, for the gentlemen who are manufacturing beet sugar ex act from the public every penny they can get. The beet companies have stated, as I am informed, that they can produce beet sugar at from 2y 2 to 3 cents per pound. They sell at 5 to 7 cents. "In California the beet sugar is sold just under the price of the cane sugar, and the cane sugar, although it is manufactured from Hawaiian raw sugar, which is admitted free of duty, costs the consumer the New York price of refined sugar, plus the free freight. "In short, the beet sugar people use the tariff to exact the uttermost penny for their products "In Utah the refineries exact the full price of the San Francisco market plus the freight across the Rocky mountains. Everywhere the beet sugar manufacturers take full advan tage of the tariff tax and it results that the people of the United States pay to the government on the cane sugar and to the beet sugar barons on the beet sugar. The saving to the American people on the sugar con sumed last year, if the tax were re moved, would amount to almost $150, 000,000. "The beneficiaries of the duty are planters of cane in the Hawaiian Islands, Porto Rico, Louisiana and the Philippines and the manufacturers of domestic sugar. We are taxed for the benefit of Louisiana and the domestic beet sugar producers. The domestic beet sugar interests need no protec tion. The American Sugar Refining company has $20,000,000 of beet sugar capital." Your Records Belong in the Vault. In case of fire at night, are your records safe? Or would a fire destroy the valuable work of years? If it weren't for the work, wouldn't more records go in the vault at night? You should own a "Y. & E." vault truck. It is rubber tired and noise less. All records can be loaded on it in a minute. Wheel it into the vault at night, and out in the morning. Then you and your records can defy a fire. Let us give you some details about this "Y. & E." truck. Democrat Supply Dept., Lewistown, Fergus county agents for "Y. ft E." labor-saving devices. I Have You Seen t ? What? The window display at the Montana Hardware Co. of the two great est lines of heaters and ranges in the world. Coles Hot Blast heating stoves and Majestic steel ranges are the two great fuel savers on the market. Other merchants will tell you that their ranges and heating stoves are just as good as our ' Majestic range and Cole's Hot Blast heaters. BUT WHY TRY THE JUST AS GOOD ARTICLE WHEN YOU CAN BUY THE REAL ARTICLE FOR THE SAME MONEY.... Come in and see the display and leave your order at the MONTANA HARDWARE COMPANY YOUR HOME STORE. Deposit Y our M oney Witk u s We pay live per cent, interest on all savings deposits. A safe deposit box for your papers only costs you $2.50 per year, and you can't afford to do without it. Do your business with the bank that gives you satisfac tory service. LEWISTOWN STATE BANK Under New Management IS NOW PRODUCING High Grade Flour Bran, Shorts and other Bi-products for Sale Highest market price paid for Wheat and other grains. "The Old Reliable"-Lewistown Hide & Fur Co. Is Paying High est Prices for Raw Furs Beef Hides and Sheep Pelts TRAPPERS i no cha A.L. HAWKINS Call in and see us before shipping and let us make an offer on your furs. We pay eastern prices. You get the best assortment, have no delay getting returns and take no chance if you sell to us. Manager, 207 Fifth Ave. Long Official of Noted 8chool. James Edward Gaffney, who for nearly 20 years officiated as the school clerk at Eton, has just retired. He had to know about everything con fleeted with the administration of the Bchool down to the initials of a mem ber of the third form. The majority of famous .Etonians' names are to be foundi in his "Tardy Book." He had to see that a fresh birch was made for every boy "swished." Not Missing Anything. "Lady," said Plodding Pete, "hi dat lunch you was talkin' about nearly ready?" "Look here! An hour ago I handed you an ax and told you to chop some wood. You haven't cut a splinter." "I know it. But I orter have some reward fur not stealin' de ax." Everything in loose leaf line at the Democrat Supply Dept.