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Fergus County Democrat. [volume] (Lewistown, Mont.) 1904-1919, October 24, 1911, Image 2

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Fergus County De
TOM STOUT, Publisher and Proprietor
Kntered at the postoffice
at Lewistown, Montana,
aa second-class matter.
One year-—
Six months ........—
Three months--
. 1.25
. .75
Subscribers, Notice.
In ordering your papei
changed to a new ad
dress, mention old ad
dress also, to insure
prompt delivery. Sub
scribers failing to receive
their papers will please
notify this office.
..OCTOBER 24, 1911.
Because he is the president of this
nation, the people of Montana, with
out regard to political affiliation,
joined in extending to William How
ard Taft last week a most cordial wel
come to the Treasure state. The gov
ernor of the state, who is a democrat,
welcomed him in Butte and many
prominent democrats broke bread
with him at the various banquets
given. So far as known, there was
not a discordant element connected
with the president's visit here and,
for this fact, all patriotic citizens of
Montana are grateful.
Primarily, the president's trip about
the country at this time is to explain
to the people his various policies, let
them know where he stands on vital
issues of the day, and why. Inci
dentally, he hopes to have these ex
planations accepted by enough people
to enable him to be renominated and
re-elected president of the United
States. Were Mr. Taft not a candi
date for a second term, it is doubtful
if the present tour would have been
The tour has been unfortunate for
the president in that it has been one
of defense rather than offense. He
has been called upon to explain ac
tions already taken and many of these
explanations have savored strongly of
excuses. The making of excuses, es
pecially in the face of an admittedly
hostile public sentiment, is no pleasant
task. It can hardly be possible that
the president relishes the pastime, but
his own future, politically, and the
welfare of his party, demanded that
he make the sacrifice.
Although the president's tour has
been a success, so far .as the absence
of any untoward events could make
it so, it is a fact that it has not been
productive of any vast amount of
spontaneous enthusiasm. There has
been a lot of the manufactured variety
for political purposes, but compared
to the receptions tendered Theodore
Roosevelt and William Jennings
Bryan when they were enjoying the
height of political prestige, Mr. Taft's
meetings have been quite tame. Peo
ple have given him an attentive hear-'
ing, for the reason that the American
people are inherently fair and are will
ing at all times to give any man a
hearing, whether they are in sym-1
pathy with him or not. In a perfectly
decorous way, many of them have ap
plauded his utterances, but there are
grounds for the suspicion that they
were applauding the president of the
United States rather than his views
on public questions. There are no in
dications that the tour has stemmed
the tide of disapproval and opposi
tion, that it has overcome the well
defined idea that while a most amiable
gentleman personally, Mr. Taft has
not been a top-line success as presi
dent. It is scarcely believable that
his presence in Montana has had a
great deal to do with quelling the ris
ing storm of insurgency in this state,!
and what is true in Montana is doubt
less true in Iowa, Kansas, California,
Oregon, Washington and other strong
ly insurgent states. Socially, it has
heen a fine little 13,000-mile junket,
but evidence has yet to be adduced
that it has had the slightest effect
...... ........ —
A bunch of insurgent republicans
held a meeting in Chicago last week.
Some of the more prominent among
them, such as Senator Moses E. Clapp,
of Minnesota, were not backward in!
expressing their hostile attitude to
ward President William Howard Taft.
They stated that the situation
solves itself into a question of nomi
'■ j
nating Taft and having the eternal
daylights licked out of them, or nomi
nating some progressive like LaFol
lette and winning. This statement!
may set a lot of the boys now holding
down federal appointments to think-'
ing, as their activities are naturally
going to be directed along the line
which offers the greatest keeping
them on the payroll.
But for the nation-wide political ma
chine, which any president is able to
build up with the assistance of about
three hundred thousand appointees,
Taft would not be very seriously con
sidered, but w1th that advantage, it is
now considered a certainty that he
Wui receive the nomination next sum
mer. The insurgents will make quite
s£ bit of racket and kick up a little
dust, but the Hitchcock steam roller
will flatten them out before the con
vention meets.
There is just one way for the in-'
surgents to prevent Taft's renomina
tion and that is to enlist the open as
sistance of the gentleman down at
Oyster Bay, Colonel Teddy. There is
little doubt but that Roosevelt is
heartily in sympathy with the in-j
surgent cause and has entirely broken
with Taft, whose term of office has
been spent largely in repudiating all
of the policies and men dear to the
heart of the colonel. James A. Gar
field, formerly a Roosevelt cabineteer,
attended the Chicago meeting and,
while somewhat guarded in his talk,
did not avoid the opportunity to give
the president one or two back-hand
slaps. Garfield was looked upon by
the press and public generally as
Colonel Roosevelt's personal repre
sentative and went to the Windy City
directly from a conference with his
chief at Oyster Bay.
In the meanwhile, Teddy himself is
making a record for extreme reti
cence. He is giving all of the little
oysters of Oyster Bay a lesson in
silence. He did take a good healthy
punch at Taft's arbitration treaties,
but that was simply a part of his day's
work as an editor. Some say that he
is playing a deep game, that, at the
psychological moment, he will let it
be known that he is willing to get
back on the job himself. Another
guess is that he is wisely waiting to
see who has the odds in his favor
and that, as is his wont, he will pro
ceed to champion the winner, be it
Taft or LaFollette.
Time alone will reveal what is pass
ing under the colonel's helmet, as it
were quite as easy to restrain the out
bursts of Vesuvius as to keep the
colonel bottled up, speechless, for any
great length of time. He has lived too
long beneath the glare of the white
light of publicity and likes it too well
to take any other course. Some day
in the not too far distant future there
is going to be an earthquake at
Oyster Bay and every political seismo
graph in the land is going to record
tue shock. Some of the more delicate
ly adjusted of them may have detect
ed a slight tremor during the Chicago
j nsu ,.g ent meeting, but the real
tumble-down shake is yet to come.
It is stated that there is on foot a
movement in the city of Helena for
the erection of a modern hotel, and
this announcement will be hailed with
joy in all parts of the state. Ordi
narily, the construction of a hotel
holds only local interest for the city
in which it is beings built. The Hel
ena case is different. '
Being the capitol of the state, Hel
ena is called upon to entertain sev
eral hundred guests for a period of
sixty days each two years. Being the
home of the state fair, it is called up
on to take care of thousands of visi
tors for an entire week every year,
By reason of its accessible location,
it is the favorite convention city of
the state. It is likewise the natural
financial and political center of Mon
tana, and all of these elements com
bined induce a considerable percent
age of the people of this state to pay
Helena a visit during the course of
a twelve months.
For ten years, Helena has been
without what may be termed a decent
hotel. Every place there bearing the
name is antiquated, delapidated,
meagerly furnished and possessing
only the merit of courteous manage
ment to repay guests for the discom
forts which they suffer. It is a con
dition which has been a disgrace, not
only to Helena, but also to the entire
state, which the capital city is sup
posed to typify, for the past decade.
There are few cities in the United
States of the size where so much ac
tual wealth is concentrated as in Hel
ena. The list of their more than mod
erately wealthy men is a long one.
The list of those who are keeping
pace with the marvelous progress of
Montana is not so long.
The people of this state have treat
ed H e l ena most kindly. They have
f recte( * t !)f. re a capitol building cost
a an d a half. Tens of
tuousan( ls have been appropriated in
^PPort of the state fair. In return
f or a ^ ot ^is, Helena has done noth
ing. Her people have been alert only
j in constantly asking for more. Be
tween times, they have peacefully
« lumb ered on, dreaming of the golden
days °. 1 ^ lder G * llch and oblivious of
j tde sirring activity in every other
po LV° n ° f Gle , stat f
1 The recent legislature served notice
on Helena that there will be no more
a PP r °Pri atl °ns lor a state fair, ad
ditional ca PUol grounds or anything
else a public nature in which Hel
ena is interested until the people of
that city awaken to some of the re
impossibilities which rest, upon them
Just this sentiment is growing
throughout the state and it is gratify
J* 1 ® learn that the ultimatum has
j * lad t he effect of arousing the capi
1 ta !? Rtlc denizens of that Sleepy Hollow
'Ullage to a show of activity.
Our good friend, Col. Sam Small,
rathers lopped over when, in a recent
issue of his paper, the Judith Gap
Journal, he nominated President Louis
jW. Hill, of the Great Northern, for
governor of Montana. While we share
with Col. Sam an honest admiration
for Mr. Hill's abilities in the business
world and are also pleased that the
head of one of our greatest railroad
enterprises nas decided to make Mon
tana his legal place of residence, we
hold that he is not bringing all of wis
doin and statesmanship with him
when he moves upon the Treasure
state. We doubt very much if Mr.
Hill himself, who appears to be
pretty evenly poined fellow, relishes
this sort of cheap adulation and
should not be surprised if the Judith
Gap editor does not have a few extra
pages torn off his mileage book Just
for that.
Montana is certainly not so desti
tute of gubernatorial timber that it
is necessary to draft a resident of
Minnesota for the job, even though he
happens to be a railroad president.
We have never had much difficulty in
picking pretty good men for that Job,
men who shine brilliantly in any as
semblage, men acquainted with th*.
state's needs and possessing the
ability successfully to administer the
state's affairs.
It occurs to us that aspirants for
the republican nomination for gov
ernor next summer, such as Bill Al
len, Ed. Donlan, Johnny Edwards and
others too numerous to mention, will
not be pleased when they read that
one of their staunch party organs has
incontinently shunted them to the rear
and acclaimed a comparative alien as
the real Moses in the political wilder
ness of Montana. Really, it would ap
pear that Col. Sam is not only Jeo
pardizing his mileage book, but his
very meal ticket, in the shape of state
and federal patronage, as well.
Saturday Evening Post: The rail
roads, we read the other day, have
been "completely crippled" by the in
terference of the Interstate Commerce
Commission. They can neither earn
an adequate return upon the capital
actually invested nor secure addi
tional capital for extensions and im
provements. We have read the same
sort of thing so often in the last two
or three years that we might really
believe it if all the evidence were not
on the other side. The biggest piece
of new railroad construction of late
is the St. Paul's extension to the Pa
cific Coast. This comprises nearly
two thousand miles of main track and
cost, with equipment, a hundred and
fifty-four million dollars. The St.
Paul, of course, had no difficulty what
ever in securing the capital required;
but usually not much is expected of a
new line of road.
Generally speaking, as Mr. Carnegie
long ago pointed out, "pioneering
doesn't pay"—immediately. The first
report for a full vear's operation of
this new line was published the other
day, however, and it shows that the
extension earned seven per cent net
on the capital invested. It was able,
therefore, to pay interest on the four
per cent bonds which cover the cost
of construction, to pay a dividend of
two and two-thirds per cent on the
hundred million dollars of stock which
represents merely "good-will," and had
a neat little surplus left over. Few
railroad men will deny that seven per
cent is a very fair return upon rail
road capital. If the extension's bonds
and stock were listed they would prob
ably fetch a price that would show a
promoter's or underwriter's profit of
about thirty per cent—which most of
us would not regard as discouraging.
Just now there is entertained a
mild curiosity on the part of the peo
ple of this state as to whom President
Taft is going to listen when he comes
to make an appointment of a federal
judge in Montana, Joseph M. Dixon or
the Amalgamated Copper company.
Senator Dixon and the big copper cor
poration are decidedly antagonistic
just now. Mr. Dixon has recommend
ed for the position of federal judge,
the Hon. E. K. Cheadle, of this city,
among whose numerous accomplish
ments is a manly freedom from the
slightest suspicion of domination by
the Amalgamated. Doubtless, Sena
tor Dixon took this very excellent
qualification into consideration when
he recommended Judge Cheadle.
Naturally, the Amalgamated does
not desire Judge Cheadle. They have
another man in view, a resident of
Butte, of course, who is decidedly
more to their taste. What's more,
they are leaving no stone unturned in
their efforts to have their man ap
This paper believes that there are
combined in Judge Cheadle all of the
elements of a fair, capable and an un
biased jurist. Before him the Amalga
mated will have just the same chance
as any other litigant. Such a con
clusion is drawn from a first-hand ob
servation of his long and honored rec
ord on the district bench.
The Amalgamated people evidently
do not desire a man of this character
on the bench. And why not? Are
they now or do they contemplate do
ing something which might bring
them within the pale of the law? And
are they trying to fortify themselves
by having a man biased in their favor
on the bench? We can read no other
motive into their concerted opposition
to Judge Cheadle at this time.
St. Louis Republic: "I don't believe
President Taft influenced a single man
in Kansas who was not for him be
fore," said Senator Bristow. "How
could he?"
The inquiry is pertinent and goes
to the root of things. Once in a while
situation arises in public life in
which an official finds himself square
ly misunderstood in a matter which a
straightforward explanation will clear
up, but such cases only arise when
he has been the victim of a prejudice
which real acquaintance with him
must perforce dispel, or when there
are circumstances concealed from
the public which he is prepared to
Neither condition is fulfilled here.
The American people know President
Taft and like him. He did not need
to undertake the present journey to
convince us that he is a genial person
whose way is paved with good inten
tions. As for the facts concerning his
vetoes, they were known before he
started. He has done nothing to add
to the merciless light which already
beat upon them.
Mr. Taft has only talked. And talk,
per se, is one of the most impotent
things known to man. It is acts that
speak, and the president had acted al
ready. He has not undone his acts by
his remarks. How could he?
If president Taft is a close ob
server, he probably noticed that there
were no representatives of the thou
sands of labor union men in Butte
among those who greeted and feted
him in the big copper metropolis. The
heads of the labor unions were invited
to participate in the reception to the
president, but declined, claiming that
he is the enemy of the workingman
and the "father of injunctions." While
a federal judge, Taft rendered some
decisions vitally antagonistic to labor
unions and, while thousands of union
men were coerced into voting for him
at the last election, it is doubtful if
such methods will be again success
ful. The Butte labor leaders reflected
the general attitude of unionism to
ward the president.
John Arbuckle, Sugar and Coffee King,
Says Remove the Duty.
New York, Oct 18.—Just before
sailing for Europe today, John Ar
buckle, the sugar refiner and coffee
manufacturer, issued a statement
strongly attacking the tariff on raw
sugar, declaring it to be a "wicked
tax" for the benefit of the beet sugar
interests. In his statement, Mr. Ar
buckle said:
"I am going abroad to rest and re
cuperate in preparation tor the fight
to be made in congress at its next
session for free sugar. I propose to de
vote all my time and all my ability
and all my strength to the abolition
of all import duties on raw sugar, a
most wicked tax on a food necessity
of all our people. It taxes the man
who works for a wage of a dollar a
day as much as it taxes Mr. Astor or
Mr. Morgan or Mr. Rockefeller. Each
eats, or, at least, needs the same
amount of sugar and they pay, not
according to their ability, but accord
ing to their needs, reversing an ele
mental rule of taxation.
"Just look at the figures showing
how the price of refined sugar to the
consumer is made up. I disregard
the abnormal price lately prevailing
for the raw product, and take a nor
mal price.
"Price paid by New York refiners
for raw sugar is 2.4 cents.
"Duty per pound, 1.685 cents. With
the raw sugar costing the refiner 4.085
cents per pound his price to whole
sale grocers for granulated sugar is
about 4.90 cents per pound and the
wholesale grocers' net price to the
New York retail grocers per pound is
about 4.95 cents and the retail grocers'
prices to consumers are about 5.15 and
5.25 cents per pound. So that for ev
ery pound of sugar going into a house
hold in New York at 5.25 cents per
pound, the government of the United
States has exacted 1.685, or almost
one-third of the total price.
"It means that every household that
now buys three and a half pounds of
sugar, could, with the same money,
buy five and one-quarter pounds, it
this tax were removed.
"As someone has said, sugar is the
comfort of old age and the delight of
youth. Your Uncle Sam is engaged in
taking candies from the children, the
height of meanness. The duty on raw
sugar is 78 per cent of its value.
"You will be surprised to compare
this import duty with others:
Sugar .....................................
Duty, Per
......................... 78 7
Champagne ...................
Automobiles ...................
Furs .......................................
Diamonds ...........................
Pearls .....................................
*"The duty which the United States
exacts on import of raw sugar holds
up the price of the beet sugar, as well
as the cane sugar, for the gentlemen
who are manufacturing beet sugar ex
act from the public every penny they
can get. The beet companies have
stated, as I am informed, that they
can produce beet sugar at from 2y 2
to 3 cents per pound. They sell at
5 to 7 cents.
"In California the beet sugar is sold
just under the price of the cane sugar,
and the cane sugar, although it is
manufactured from Hawaiian raw
sugar, which is admitted free of duty,
costs the consumer the New York
price of refined sugar, plus the free
"In short, the beet sugar people
use the tariff to exact the uttermost
penny for their products
"In Utah the refineries exact the
full price of the San Francisco market
plus the freight across the Rocky
mountains. Everywhere the beet
sugar manufacturers take full advan
tage of the tariff tax and it results
that the people of the United States
pay to the government on the cane
sugar and to the beet sugar barons
on the beet sugar. The saving to the
American people on the sugar con
sumed last year, if the tax were re
moved, would amount to almost $150,
"The beneficiaries of the duty are
planters of cane in the Hawaiian
Islands, Porto Rico, Louisiana and the
Philippines and the manufacturers of
domestic sugar. We are taxed for the
benefit of Louisiana and the domestic
beet sugar producers. The domestic
beet sugar interests need no protec
tion. The American Sugar Refining
company has $20,000,000 of beet sugar
Your Records Belong in the Vault.
In case of fire at night, are your
records safe? Or would a fire destroy
the valuable work of years? If it
weren't for the work, wouldn't more
records go in the vault at night?
You should own a "Y. & E." vault
truck. It is rubber tired and noise
less. All records can be loaded on it
in a minute. Wheel it into the vault
at night, and out in the morning.
Then you and your records can defy
a fire.
Let us give you some details about
this "Y. & E." truck.
Democrat Supply Dept., Lewistown,
Fergus county agents for "Y. ft E."
labor-saving devices.
I Have You
The window display at the Montana Hardware Co. of the two great
est lines of heaters and ranges in the world. Coles
heating stoves and Majestic steel ranges are the
savers on the market. Other merchants will tell
ranges and heating stoves are just as good as our
' Majestic range
and Cole's Hot Blast heaters. BUT WHY TRY
THE SAME MONEY.... Come in and see the display
order at the
Deposit Y our
M oney Witk u s
We pay live per cent, interest on all savings deposits. A safe deposit
box for your papers only costs you $2.50 per year, and you can't afford to
do without it. Do your business with the bank that gives you satisfac
tory service.
Under New Management
High Grade
Bran, Shorts and other Bi-products
for Sale
Highest market price paid for Wheat
and other grains.
"The Old Reliable"-Lewistown Hide & Fur Co.
Is Paying High
est Prices for
Raw Furs
Beef Hides
Sheep Pelts
i no cha
Call in and see us before shipping and let us make
an offer on your furs. We pay eastern prices. You
get the best assortment, have no delay getting returns
and take no chance if you sell to us.
Manager, 207 Fifth Ave.
Long Official of Noted 8chool.
James Edward Gaffney, who for
nearly 20 years officiated as the
school clerk at Eton, has just retired.
He had to know about everything con
fleeted with the administration of the
Bchool down to the initials of a mem
ber of the third form. The majority
of famous .Etonians' names are to be
foundi in his "Tardy Book." He had
to see that a fresh birch was made
for every boy "swished."
Not Missing Anything.
"Lady," said Plodding Pete, "hi dat
lunch you was talkin' about nearly
"Look here! An hour ago I handed
you an ax and told you to chop some
wood. You haven't cut a splinter."
"I know it. But I orter have some
reward fur not stealin' de ax."
Everything in loose leaf line at the
Democrat Supply Dept.

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