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BY GLYDE TAVENNER DEMOCRATS IN CONGRESS AT TEMPTING TO SECURE PHYSI CAL VALUATION OF ROADS. Washington, April 22.—The rail roads have inaugurated a campaign to increase freight rates over a terri tory comprising half of the United States, which will still further in crease the cost of living to everyone. Two years ago the interstate com merce commission refused to allow the roads to increase their rates. Now these same roads, through indirection and by piecemeal, are trying to ac complish the very thing the commis sion told them they could not do. As part of their strategy, the roads have filed with the commission a new class ification of freights—that is, they have submitted a plan whereby certain ar ticles of one class, on which a certain rate is allowed, have been "jumped" into a class above, carrying a higher rate. All told, more than 1,400 ar ticles have been thus reclassified, and if the commission permits this ar rangement to go into effect the peo ple will simply have to pay more to have these articles hauled, because whenever a freight rate is increased the retailer must add the amount of the increase to the retail price of the article. The proposed increases range from ten to three hundred per cent. The roads were careful to reduce the rates on a certain number of ar ticles, apparently for the purpose of detracting attention from the many increases. The state railroad coipmls sions of 18 states have united in a protest against the new classification, pointing out that the proposed in creases are more than 60 per cent in excess of reductions, and charging that the reclassification plan is simply a subterfuge to get through a big in crease of rates. The public has no objection to the railroads paying increased wages to its workmen, but welcomes such in creases. The public has no objection to the railroads making a good gen erous rate of interest on money in vested in railroad properties. The public does not wish to see the rail roads hampered in any way, because they are the arteries of commerce of the nation. But the public does ob ject to the railroads requiring the public to pay enormous dividends *n addition to creating a huge annual SPRING CLf [ IS ERG And with it comes the demand from the thrifty housewife for all the necessaries for house cleaning as well as a few new pieces of Furniture. W. S. Smith, Lewistown's Reliable Furniture dealer has anticipated these wants and has just received his spring consignment of all that is new in the furniture line. Remember Smith's is where you "WALK A BLOCK AND SAVE A DOLLAR." :: SPRING'S FURNITURE REQUISITES ARE ALL HERE Fine Furniture Makes the home pop ular by making It beautiful and com fortable. Our line of rugs will attract you and hold your atten tion by their ex tremely low prices and exceptional qual ity. INVESTIGATE. Wall Paper This is the season when new and up-to date patterns of wall paper are in demand. We have the largest line of wall paper In Fergus county; pa per that will please the most fastidious. We carry the biggest line with the littlest prices. Lace Curtains Our small pricings and large variety of lace curtains will undoubtedly prove an unusual event of great interest to house keepers. If you contemplate adding a pair of lace curtains to your house clean ing purchases, don't buy until you have examined our line. It is complete and the pricings are most attractive. Linoleums, Mattings We have linoleums from the cheapest prints to the best inlaid, and our line of mattings is most attractive. Quality con sidered, you will find that our prices range all along the line, much lower than elsewhere. Convince yourself by in vestigating. Stoves and Ranges Our store is the home of the "World's Best" stoves and ranges, The Peninsular Back of our guarantee stands that of the manufacturer. Beds and Bedding Beds and Bedding is smother attractive feature of our store. We clsum to handle the best Cotton Felt Mattresses on the market for the money and will be pleas ed to prove this assertion if you will give us the opportunity. WE BUY and SELL SECOND HAND FURNITURE "WALK A BLOCK AND 8AVE A DOLLAR" W. S. SMITH 106-108 East Main 'WALK A BLOCK AND 8AVE A DOLLAR" surplus on money that is not invested,! and on capitalization that represents nothing more than blue air. Senator La Follette has shown that the corporations of tnis country are capitalized at 131,672,000,000, and that 70 per cent of this capitalization is water. More and more water is con stantly being Injected into the capi talization of the railroads, which makes it necessary for the roads to be continually roosting freight rates and increasing the cost of living to every man, woman and child in the nation. Under the Roosevelt and Taft ad ministrations, congress refused to pass a bill providing for a physical valuation of railroad properties, which appears to be the only solution of the evil which permits tne gouging of the common people in order that a few railroad magnates may be still fur ther enriched. Before this session closes, however, the democratic house will enact such legislation, the bill having already been favorably report ed from the committee on interstate and foreign commerce. * * Blocked By Senate Standpatters. The democratic house of repre sentatives started out, in this session of congress, to cut down the expenses of government. Many slashes were made into government extravagance, but in no case was a cut made with out the most careful study. The ef fort to save money for Uncle Sam was*a thoroughly honest one. The economy program of the demo crats, however, is being fought at every turn by the senate standpatters, who have promptly placed back into tne appropriation bills either all or a part of the amounts trimmed out of them when they were passed in the house. The democrats proposed to put a stop to practices, long prevalent, of spending government money for no other purpose than to allow certain senators to keep themselves in con gress, and to cut out unnecessary ex penses all along the line. The saving, if the democratic bills should go through as they passed the house, would be tremendous. The senate old guard, however, looks upon the right to dip into the treasury at will as a God-given perogative, and the ap propriation bills were promptly re stored to their former size just as soon as the senate committees, domi nated by the standpatters, got a hold of them. The democratic leaders have an nounced, however, that they will in sist on some of the cuts, and they will adopt drastic measures to en force their position unless the senate recedes. The old guard senators want a big expense bill, so they will be able to point to it, later, as justification for a high tariff. * * Democrats Progressive. The democrats of the house go right on being progressive. The rec ord that is being made daily in the lower branch of congress constitutes even a stronger claim to progressive support in the coming campaign than the progressive promises in the demo cratic platform. The house committee on interstate and foreign commerce has incor porated into the Panama canal bill a provision which the New York Herald calls "the most drastic ever reported from a committee in congress." This provision stipulates that no railroad in the United States may own or control any steamship line with which it competes. The purpose of this provision is to give the people the full benefit of the Panama canal, ' by insuring genuine and effective com petition. * * Lorimer. No senator who voted to retain Wil liam Lorimer in the United States senate has since been re-elected. Ten senators, Hale, Scott, Kean, Bulkeley, Depew, Piles, Dick, Burrows, Carter and Flint, who voted for Lorimer, re tired from the senate March 4. Three others, Paynter, Bailey and Guggen heim, announced their retirement after tneir vote for Lorimer, and two, Foster of Louisiana and Cullom of Illi nois, both of whom voted to keep the blond boss, were defeated recently in primaries. Jones of Washington, who voted to sustain Lorimer in commit tee, probably will be defeated when he runs again, as the people of his state are in an uproar because of his I vote. TAKES HIS OWN LIFE. Milton Gamer, Well-Known Helena Business Man, Shoots Himself. Helena, April 19.—Milton Gamer, formerly of Butte, committed suicide sometime after 1 o'clock this morning. He shot himself through the right temple. His body was found in the basement of the Gamer candy store this morning by Arthur Seiler. Coroner McCabe, after an investigation, de cided an inquest was unnecessary, and reached the conclusion the deed was done while in a state of mental aberra tion. Mr. Gamer has been in poor health the past year, and physicians said to day that pains he suffered in his head were a sufficient cause to drive him distracted. He was born in Helena 38 years ago, attended school in the east, and lived here until t.ie family removed to Butte. L.ess than a year ago he pur chased the establishment of Arthur Seiler and removed to Helena. Arangements for the funeral will be made later. He is survived by his mother, two brothers, .who live in Butte, and two sisters, both of Helena. DEAD BODY OF LOST CHILD BMSMED SEVEN-YEAR-OLD SON OF MR. AND MRS. DAVID WHITE, OF DEN TON, THE VICTIM. After searching the five days in the bad lands near Everson, in the north western part of the county, a party of neighbors last Tuesday evening found the dead body of the seven-year old child of Mr. and Mrs. David White, of that section of the country, out on one of the bencnes a short dis tance from the White home. Tlie child had been amusing him self by hunting prairie dogs the pre ceding Tuesday and was gone from home for several hours before his ab sence was noted. The alarm was quickly given and several searching parties started out and hunted through the adjoining bad lands all night long without success. A storm which set in that night made the search diffi cult and added greatly to the anxiety of the grief stricken parents, for It was felt that unless the little wan derel had found some providential shelter, he would be unable to survive the cold and snow. The search was continued Saturday, Sunday and Monday without success. Tuesday, when it was about decided that further hunting was futile, a party made a last trip out across one of the benches and there found the body of the little fellow. He had evi dently strayed down into the bad lands, made his way back on to the bench, and there, overcome by the elements, sank to the ground and suc cumbed to the cold. The parents are but recent arrivals in the Judith Basin, having come from Seattle and settled on the Charles Haney ranch, near Everson, which they had purchased. They are broken hearted over the loss of their son and have the sym pathy of a large circle of friends and neighbors in their affliction. TORNADO SWEEPS SOUTH. Three People Killed and Great Dam age to Property Down in Oklahoma. Oklahoma City, Okla., April 20.— Three persons are known to have been killed, at least a score injured and many farmhouses and village dwell ings were wrecked late today when a tornado, which formed in the vicinity of Yukon, near Oklahoma City, swept in a northeasterly direction through the counties of Oklahoma and Logan. Forty houses were demolished at the town of Hennesy. Two women were killed. At Perry one man was killed and 20 persons are reported to have been injured, several of whom probably will die. Twenty-five buildings, including a stone business structure and a school house, were wrecked com pletely. Four distinct "twisters" formed simultaneously between Yukon, Dover, Kingfisher and Hennessy, according to advices from Yukon. They merged near that town and swept to the north east. All telephone and telegraph wires north of Guthrie, where the storm is believed to have taken its heaviest toll, are out of commission. Town of Bison Damaged. Denver, Col., April 20.—Several per sons are reported killed and injured as the result of a cyclone which struck the town of Bison, Kan., about 3 o'clock this afternoon, according to advices received here. Considerable property damage is reported also. Bison is on the Missouri Pacific railroad and advices from Pueblo, Col., state that all Missouri Pacific wires are down. Also Hits Nashville. Wichita, Kan., April 20.—A tornado at the little town oi Nashville, King man county, Kan., at 4:30 o'clock this afternoon killed livestock, destroyed & half dozen barns and blew down all the rural telephone lines. It is re ported that no lives were lost. Topics in Brief. Oyster Bay has a rumor that T. R. may retire to a western ranch. Bet it isn't in North Dakota.—Pittsburg Gazette-Times. j William Dean Howells advises | young men not to write for money. ; Evidently he knows what it is to be a father.—Cleveland Leader. After having one President in thirty , years it begins to look as if Mexico were in some danger of having thirty , in one year.—Boston Transcript. The current popular songs indicate that if rag-time is really dying out, as was announced some time ago, it is dying a horrible death.—Detroit News. A cow owned by the University of Missouri has broken all records for milk production. Another argument in favor of higher education.—New York Herald. The players in that Leavenworth, Kan., prison-league may be deficient in many points of play, but they ought to be world-beaters at stealing bases. —Nashville Southern Lumberman. Well, anyhow, permitting shipments of arms to Mexico is better than hav ing them carried into that country on the shoulders of our soldiers.—Indian apolis News. We shudder when we think of the vast sum, of money which the defense of the packers cost and of the means which will be used to retrieve the loss.—Kansas City Journal. A New York library has included "African Game Trails" on its list of "poular fiction." This seems almost like jumping on a man when he's down.—Cleveland Plain Dealer. Perhaps the deep significance of the Champ Clark "dawg" song is that Champ expects to make the race for the Presidency on an antl-cruelty-to-, animals platform.—Chicago Tribune. Students of the University of Penn sylvania who were shown the ins and outs of stock sales at the New York Stock Exchange the other day would have learned a more valuable lesson if the brokers had shown them the downs and outs.—Louisville Courier Journal. \ uan Shih-Kai does not seeni to have made any promises regarding an other term.—Chicago Record-Herald. One trembles to think what would happen should the wind blow Colonel Bryan's hat into the ring.—Newark News. Like Mary's little lamb, Schedule K follows Mr. Taft wherever he goes, but not for the sumo reason.—New York World. A scientist declares that "eating is a dying art." That's what Dr. Wiley has been trying to prove all along.— Cleveland Leader. The Roosevelt people can't get away from the Bryan policies. They are now asking for subscriptions to "a dollar campaign fund."—Memphis Commercial Appeal. Of course T. R. believes the people are amply able to govern themselves, but he does not want to deprive them of his valuable assistance.—Nashville Southern Lumbermen. In New York during 1911 one child was born every three minutes.—Nor folk Virginian Pilot. He must have found it dreadfully monotonous—Co lumber (S. C.) State. An Illinois judge fined his wife $25 for contempt of court because she in sitsed upon having the last word. Per haps by the next day he had figured out who really paid the line.—Cleve land Leader. A conservative estimate of Turkish losses in the present African war taken from Italian reports shows that every native resident of Tripoli has been killed at least three times.—New York Sun. Woodrow Wilson continues to ex plain certain statements contained in his "History of the American People." Men who write histories will, after this, know how to get them read.— Chicago Record-Herald. A railroad switchman has been elected Speaker of the Arizona House of Representatives. Probably to make sure that the side-tracking of bills will be done with neatness and dispatch.— Cleveland Leader. Made Neat Escape. Not so long ago a knowledge of Latin was essential to an orator, and long quotations from the Roman poets embellished every debate. James Payn, the novelist., was once at a din ner party where a learned clergyman Insisted on quoting Greek. The lady sitting next to Payn asked for a trans lation. Payn's Greek was rusty. Ac cordingly he assumed a blush, and hinted to the lady that it was scarcely fit for her ear. "Good heavens!" she exclaimed, "you don't mean to say—" "Please don't ask any more," mur mured Payn, "I really could not tell you." First to Practice Palmistry. Gypsies Introduced the practice ot palmistry Into England. This appears from a statute of 1531 called an "Acte concerning Egypsyans," which recites that "afore this tyme dyverso and many outlandysshe People, callyng* them-selfes Egyptians, using no crafte nor falcte of marchaundyse, have comen into this Realme and gone from Shire to Shire and Place to Place, and used greate subtyll and crafty meaneB to deceyve the people that they by palmestre could tell menne and womens fortunes, and have by crafte and rubtyltle deceyvea the people of their money." Behind the Band. "My wife is much Interested in the comet" "The comet? The comet was here last year." "I know. She's putting old news papers under the carpets throughout the house and catching up with the news as she puts 'em down." Expensive Bravery. The manager of a shooting gallery patronized by women was glad to get another pupil, but he could not exactly sympathize with her husband's motive for urging her to acquire crack mark manship. "One night when she was staying alone up In the country a burgler got into the house," the husband said, "and she had to fire six shots at him before she touched him. and then she only grazed the tall of his-coat It's wicked extravagance to waste cart ridges like that, and she's got to ihooL" Her Idea of It. Algie Graham Livingston Is going to write a spelling book, some day, if they let her, according to a writer in the Cleveland Leader. "How do you spell 'Yainlng?'" she asked the other afternoon, as the big drops came down and spoilt her out door play. In parenthesis be it said that she isn't big enough to pronounce the letter "r." Hence "Yainlng." Her mother gave the desired infor mation, but Algie, whose proper name is Elsie, shook her head. Her big brother endeavored to assist her, but Algie roguishly declined advice. "Well," said her brother Bob. "how do you spell It?" "H, e, double 1," came the answer, like a flash. And they wonder where she got It PUNS COMPIEIED FOR NEW APARTMENT HOUSE MODERN STRUCTURE IS TO BE ERECTED THIS SUMMER ON SIXTH AND BROADWAY. Within the next ten days plans will be completed lor the new three-story apartment house which a company * f local business men contemplate con structing this year on the corner of Sixth avenue and Broadway. Just as quickly as the plans are out., bids for the construction of the new building will be advertised for, with a view to having everything in readiness for the beginning of actual construction shortly after the middle of May. As shown by the uncompleted plans, the new building will have a frontage on Sixth avenue of 90 feet and be 60 feet in depth. The first or basement floor will contain four apartments of four rooms each. The heating ap paratus will be In a sub-basement at the rear of the basement floor. The second und third stories will each contain lour four-room apart ments and each apartment will be equipped with a bath room, capacious closets, a dumb waiter anil a private hall, all of which shall be constructed with the idea of glvlug the occupants of the apartments exceptional privacy. The owners of the new building will furnish the house throughout and the furnishings will be first class In every particular. Each apartment will be equipped with an electric stove and hot water will be provided the year around. It Is intended to have the structure completed and ready for oc cupancy before snow files. Barred Prom House of Commons. An Irish peer was expelled for di recting a lottery, while for organizing a "Charitable Association" of shady habits Sir Robert Sutton and two others were shut out In 1730. Steel* of the Tatler was prohibited the house for "maliciously Insinuating that tb* Protestant succession In the house ot Hanover Is In dnnger under her maj esty's administration." But perhaps the oddest reason for closing the doors of the bouse of commons upon a man Is to be found In the case of Mr. A» gill, whose sin was that of writing • treatise "On the Possibility of Avoid ing Death."—London Chronicle. Everytinrig In loose leaf line at the Democrat Supply Dept. C«C?. JEFFREY Manufacturer of and Dealei in HARNE8S 8ADDLE8 TURF GOODS Etc. All Repairs Given Prompt Attention Sign of the Big Collar 109 Main St. Steam Plow to Rent I have four sections of good steam plow land near Helena, free from rocks, gumbo and alkali. Have also 35 horsepower steam plowing rig. Will furnish land, plowing rig complete and seed, and will give two-thirds of crop. Close to railway station and water. Plow can work two miles at a stretch across land. Want to do business quick with experienced party having means to put in about one thou sand acreB. Lewis Penwell Helena, Montana STALLION FOR SALE Say, Brother Horsemen: Do you want to buy a seal brown Per cheron stallion, weight 1900 pounds, four years old next June. I have some high bred road horses to sell; also, one twenty-horsepow er gasoline engine, in good shape, to sell or trade. The above ure for sale at my ranch seven miles west of Lewlstown and one and one-halt miles north of Glengary. Address L. Henderson Box 666, Lewlstown, Mont. If not sold he will make the stud season of 1912 at my ranch north of Glengary.