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AW OFFERS MICH
IN AGRICULTURAL WAY BIG TERRITORY IN FAR NORTH IS DESTINED TO PROVIDE HOMES FOR THOUSANDS. Alaska, the northland of vast ex- ! panses and undeveloped resources, has millions of acres that some day will come to be devoted to agriculture. The production of supplies, especially in the land separated by expensive transportation, must always depend on the local demand. Alaska's greatest wealth in all prob ability lies in its minerals and fish eries, but even a gold mine is no good without transportation and until that is supplied there will be no great de velopment along agricultural lines. Be sides, there is not yet a section of land surveyed under government sur vey open for settlement, and the set tler must at his own expense of from $150 to $500, survey his own land. However, favored localities and other advantages come to the man who is not afraid to pioneer. There are those who take a keen delight in grappling with early hardships and to their imaginations the goal is always in sight. Such men become the back bone of their respective communities. Gold lured the great waves of hu manity to California and these masses have remained to transform its deserts into glowing orange groves and splen did farms. Alaska is thrice alluring. When $147,000,000 in gold has been sent from Alaska, $175,000,000 has ac crued from its fisheries. Alaska was first of all noted for its fur trade, and now, last but not least, develops the agricultural possibilities. Alaska bears the same relation to America that Norway, Sweden and Finland do to Europe. Each has a balmy sea wind tempering the climate. But Alaska has added resources in many ways—particularly in its copper, coal and gold. These European coun tries support some ten millions of peo ple, while Alaska, with a greater va riety of everything, has about 50,000. The Alaska agricultural experiment stations issue bulletins of much inter est. In speaking of the weather, bul letin No. 2 says: "It seems incredible that the average annual temperature of Sitka is almost the same as that of Washington, D. C. While this is true, there is nevertheless a vast dif ference in the climate of the two places. Washington has uncomfort ably warm summers and at times un comfortably cold winters. At Sitka, often the maximum summer tempera ture does not reach 80 degrees and more frequently is between 60 and 70 degrees. The winters, on the other hand, are very mild. What is true of Sitka is true of all southeastern Alaska. The average rainfa'l is 90 inches. The interior sec r SEED GRAIN Come to Us for Clean Seed Spring Wheat, Plax and Oats, \ Western Lumber and Grain Co., OR MONTANA Lewistown, Hilger, Glengary, Moor* and Garneill JustReceived fjj One car of Furniture is in Til and unpacked; other cars are enroute and will be on display shortly. We will dis play the largest and most com plete line of house furnishings we have ever shown. Your inspection is invited.^ %ae LEWISTOWN FURNITURE CO. tions have less rain and the climatic conditions are entirely different." The annual report for 1908 says: "Vegetables of nearly every hardy kind are being extensively grown in and around Fairbanks. The potato is the chief vegetable crop throughout Alaska even north of the arctic circle. It is of more value by far than any other single kind. Celery plants start ed in hot bed make fine stems twelve to eighteen inches and very tender and crisp. Cauliflower makes good heads of two pounds. Cabbage does well and has attained weight of twenty-five pounds. In all Alaskan products care must be taken to plant seeds that mature the earliest for the growing season is short. "After several years of observation it seems probable that apples ot known varieties cannot be successfully grown in any part of Alaska. But this deficiency is well met in the bush fruits which do especially well. The currant, gooseberry and raspberry thrive and fruit as well as anywhere on earth." "Stock-raising is likely to become one of the most profitable lines of farming in Alaska. Grasses offer the greatest agricultural possibilities here. Several of the native varieties make excellent hay. There are thousands of acres of good pasture lands. Hogs can pick up their living from about the 1st of April to the last of Novem ber. In midsummer where the wild peas are abundant the hogs fatten up on them." No community pays a better price for food products than a mining coun try. Alaska has a mineralized area almost as large as the entire state oi California. Only a small part of Cali fornia is gold bearing and yet it has produced $1,500,000,000 of gold. Ap parently Alaska has the great bulk of its mining still to be done, thus con tinuing the demand for more and more agricultural products, until the vast deposits of coal, copper, oil, gold and silver and tin are developed. The Alaska Almanac for 1909 says that in the vicinity of Fairbanks there are more than 30,000 acres of home steaded land and several well-kept and productive farms. Hay is grown; wheat, barley, and oats have been grown to maturity, but most of the grain has been cut for hay. Governor Clark goes so far as to say "Agriculture, not mining, will be the foundation of Alaska's soundest de velopment. I expect the future of Alaska to be found In its farms, but the permanent Alaskan—the man who will make Alaska—must spring from the soil." Many agree with Ella Hig ginson in calling Alaska "The far en chanted land—the land whose sweet, insistent calling never ceases for the one who has heard it." Increased Imports. The fact that 2,500,000 bushels of potatoes were imported into the United States in February, or about twice as much as the average an nual importations during the decade ending with 1912, lends interest to figures compiled by the bureau of sta tistics, department of commerce and labor, showing the imports of food stuffs into the United States. Imports of foodstuffs of all kinds in the eight months ending with February, 1912, aggregated $262,000,000, against $224, 000,000 in the corresponding period of 1911 and $145,000,000 in 1902, having thus nearly doubled in 10 years. The chief growth occurs in the class of articles not grown in the United States, such as coffee, tea, cocoa and tropical fruits. Imports under this head have great ly increased during the decade, though in coffee the growth is solely due to higher prices. Eight months' imports of coffee show a decrease in quantity from 769,000,000 pounds in 1902 to 602,000,000 in 1912, while the value in creased from $49,000,000 to $78,000,000, the average import price advancing from 6.3 cents per pound In 1902 to nearly 13 cents in 1912. Cocoa im ports in the eight months under re view increased from 34,000,000 pounds in 1902 to 79,000,000 in the current fiscal year, and the value, including prepared cocoa and chocolate, from $4,500,000 to over $9,000,000. Tea Im ports have also increased both In tuantity and value, the eight months' figures being 87,000,000 pounds, valued it $15,500,000, compared with 64, JOO.OOO pounds valued at $8,000,000 a Jecade earlier. Of sugar the imports are about the same as in 1900, though higher prices give the imports of the present year a value more than that of a dozen years earlier. Eight months' imports in 1900 aggregated 2,150,000 pounds, valued at $46,500,000; in 1912, 2,153,000 pounds, valued at $59,500,000, the average price for each period being 1.2 cents and 2.8 cents per pound le spectlvely. These figures do not in clude, in either of the years named, che sugar from Porto Rico and Ha waii, now customs districts of the United States. Imports of fruits and nuts are in creasing at a rate of about $3,000,000 a year, the eight months' figures hav ing advanced from $23,500,000 in 1910 to $26,500,000 in 1911 and $29,500,000 in 1912, or considerably more than double the total of $12,500,000 record ad in the eight months of 1902, Bananas, almonds, cocoanuts and copra scored the largest gain under this head, while raisins and oranges have lost ground during the decade. Eight months' imports of bananas have increased from $3,333,000 in 1902 to $8,500,000 in 1912; almonds, from .ess than $1,000,000 to $2,500,000, and cocoanuts and copra, from about 1, 000,000 to $3,000,000. Raisins have de creased from 6,000,000 pounds in eight months of 1902 to 3,000,000 in 1912, ind oranges from 38,000,000 to less than 7,000,000. In imports of vege tables the increase from $1,333,000 In eight months of 1900 to $10,500,000 in the elapsed months of the current year is chiefly due to the unusually large increase in potatoes already noted. Eight months' imports of potatoes grew from $47,098 in value in 1900 to nearly $3,000,000 in 1912. Beans and dried peas more than doubled in a decade from $931,827 in eight months of 1902 to $2,290,209 in 1912. Under the title "breadetuffs," the bureau groups wheat, corn, oats, rice, farinaceous substances (tapioca, etc.), flour, macaroni, bread and biscuit, making a total for the eight months of over $10,000,000, against $3,000,000 in the same months of 1902. The chief articles forming this $10,000,000 worth of breadstuffs are macaroni, $3, 000,000; rice and rice flour, $2,500,000; tapioca, sago, etc., $1,000,000; wheat, nearly $1000,000, and flour nearly $50u, 000 . Of meat and dairy products the eight months' imports increased from $2,183,338 in 1902 to $9,172,905 in 1912. Cheese formed more than half this total, its growth in the period named being from $1,745,754 to $5,744,664. Sausage and sausage casings and cream are the other items of impor tance. Of food animals imported, cat tle is the leading item, eight months' imports having increased from $906, 668 in 1902 to $2,817,538 in 1912. Im ports of fish, mostly cod, herring, hake, haddock, lobsters and shrimps, in creased from $6,421,279 in eight months of 1902 to $11,102,986 in 1912. Under the head of spirits, wines and malt liquors the growth in imports has been comparatively small, from $9,500,000 in eight months of 1902 to $12,500,000 in 1912. Wines have in creased less than $500,000 compared with the eight months' figures of 1902 and decreased $2,000,000 compared with 1910. Other imported foodstuffs include for the eight months of 1912 mineral waters and other nonalcoholic bever ages, $1,074,092; spices, $3,638,716, and edible olive oil, $3,471,117. Making Peruvians Work. An American whose business inter ests in Peru have led him from time to time to spend considerable periods in the interior of that country has found that the Indians of Peru are the laziest people in the world. If they have a duty to perform, a prom ise to keep, or a debt to pay, though not unwilling to meet the obligation, they can, it is said, hardly summon resolution to do so without some as sistance. During his stay at a place called Cajamarca, in the Cordilleras, the American was enabled to witness an instance of this. He was sitting one evening with his hosts at the door of their house. Sud denly there was a great noise in the quiet street, and a horseman rode up. It was a friend of the family, who was on his way to settle an account with a troublesome debtor. When the family hinted that a creditor would hardly be received at such an hour, the man touched something hanging on the pommel of his saddle, and said that he had something there that would settle things. His debtor was an Indian who lived not far away in the country, and who had promised to make for him three or four hundred large adobe bricks in payment for some small wares that be had purchased two years before. He seemed perfectly willing to fulfill his contract, and whenever he was re minded of it, would promise to be on band the next day; but he never ap peared. An hour later the merchant, who was repairing his house, returned with his man at the end df a lariat.! V* e Ue - Xt day the American saw him \ cheerfully at work. It was but a mat ter of getting the Indian busy. Grass Range News. 1C 'V Blake spent Friday and Sat urday in I.ewistown, where he went on business. R. Valentine and V. Stgvardt, both ranchers living in the vicinity north ot the Foreman ranch, were in town Monday, bringing in the little son of Mr. and Mrs. Sigvardt, who was badly I hut t by being thrown under a disc 1 plow Dr. Brugge has been attend-! Ing the little fellow and is reported as doing nicely. Geo. \v. Kinnick and son, Leslie, ac companied by Jas. Briggs and Harry Briggs, were in town Monday, where Harry Briggs made final homestead proof before U. S. Commissioner Blake. A. Hogeland, a Lewistown resident, spent several days here last week. E. L. Forrester, the carpenter and rancher north of town, sometime ago met with a bad accident. His team ran away, causing a very serious break near the right knee joint. He was at Grass Range recently and says he is glad to be able to be about. The Mercantile company store re port a very brisk demand on all kinds of garden and field seed. Richard Cruse, manager of the N Bar ranch, was in town Friday and Saturday. Richard was accompanied with a number of high-grade, well trained stag hounds for exhibition pur poses. Martin Gayle, foreman at the Teigen ranch, was in town Monday. The heavy snow and rain of the past week is making all the farmers of the McDonald creek country smile who have grain already sown. Win-,, ter wheat is reported as being in ex-' cellent condition and with a few dayb of warm weather following the heavy moisture of the past few days will jring out the new sown grain in ex cellent shape. A. C. Bell, a homesteader north of town, recently returned from his for mer home in ~hio. B. F. Moulton was in town Monday ind Tuesday. He reports the sheep as being in excellent spring condition. Ben has some potatoes planted and is ushing crop season in general. The rapidly growing passenger and freight business on the Grass Range Valentine stage route has necessitated the putting on of larger and heavier transportation facilities on account of ;he influx of settlers and transients. Ole Vinger and Raphael Damico, two popular local citizens, spent the greater part of the week in Lewis town. G. B. Laughlin and bride Just ar rived from Ohio and are making ar rangements to take up resident on their homestead five miles north of 1 town. The Cruse ranch for the past week i have had a force of men putting in a head gate in the irrigation ditch near the Grass Range Livery barn to divert the heavy overflow back into the South Fork of McDonald creek, thus preventing the water overflowing over some excellent agricultural land be longing to J. H. Charters. John Eschelman, from Edgewater, was in town Thursday, purchasing some merchandise at the Mercantile store, and returned the same day. He was accompanied by K. S. and John Thompson, both farmers in the Edge water district. Henry H. Geering, representative for Foley Bros. & Kelly, St. Paul, was a caller at Grass Range Thursday. Forbes Leslie, the Edgewater stock man and sheepman, recently let a con tract to Buck & Anderson for the erec tion of a large barn, size 36x60. Forbes is a progressive in more ways than one. Mrs. Forbes Wiseman entertained a large number of Grass Range ladies at her home Wednesday. Mrs. Donald Shawhan returned to Grass Range Thursday evening on the Rage, after spending about a week in Lewistown. THE EFFECTIVE LAXATIVE. Tastes Like and Is Eaten Like Candy. In our experience in the handling of drugs and medicines, we believe we uave never had experience with any Remedy that gave such great satis i action to our customers as do Rexall ' Orderlies. This Remedy is not like any other laxative or cathartic. It contains all the good features of other laxatives, but none of their faults. ; Our own faith in Rexall Orderlies is so strong that we offer them to you with our own positive personal guar antee, that If they do not thoroughly satisfy you, you only need tell us and we will hand back to you every penny | you paid us for them. Therefore, in 1 trying them upon our recommendation you take no risk whatever. Rexall Orderlies taste like and are eaten like candy. They do not gripe, cause nausea, excessive looseness, or any other annoyance. They act so easily that they may be taken at any time, day or night. They are partic ularly good for children, aged, or deli cate persons. They are put up in convenient tablets in three sizes of packages. Prices, 10c, 25c and 50c. Remember, Rexall Remedies can be obtained in this community only at our store—The Rexall Store. Wilson Seiden Drug Co., Main St. Claims of the Managers. Washington, April 20.—Wide diver-1 gence in the claims for pledged dele- j gates and the difference of 16 between the totals of delegates selected up to I date, exclusive of Pennsylvania, | marked the rival statements Issued by j the Taft and Roosevelt managers to day. The Taft headquarters claimed 341 for President Taft and conceded 113 to Colonel Roosevelt. The Roosevelt managers claimed 151 and conceded; 49 to Taft. In the Roosevelt state-j ment, 64 were listed as contested and 106 as uninstructed. The total number of delegates se-1 lected up to date, as presented by the Roosevelt managers, is 510, while the Taft records show only 494. In j Louisiana the Taft headquarters claimed six delegates had been | chosen; while the Roosevelt managers I took credit for a full delegation of 20 for the colonel. The Taft statement showed a total of 22 delegates select ed in Michigan; the Roosevelt state ment, based on reports. from State Chairman Frank Knox, gave the total of selected delegates as 26. According to the Pennsylvania re turns Taft has now 355 delegates of those selected, while Roosevelt would have 175. The Roosevelt headquarters claims the colonel's supporters, In cluding Pennsylvania, now number 213. An Eleven-Foot Beard. North Dakota holds the world's championship in the matter of beards SGRIP FOR HALE! Santa Fe Pacific Forest Reserve, $15.00 per acre. Northern Pacific R. R. Selections for Surveyed Land $12.25 per acre. Northern Pacific R. R. Selected for unsurveyed land $15.25 per acre FULLY GUARANTEED THE COOK-REYNOLDS COMPANY LEWISTOWN, MONTANA Your Papers Filed ... 75 Cents Clear up your desk. A litter means wasted time. You can't work best that way. Here's just the thing. A "Y & E" Vertilex Desk File will keep your desk clear and your papers where you can find them. You need this. Let us send you one. MAIL ORDERS GIVEN PROMPT ATTENTION The Fergus Count y Democra t SUPPLY DEPARTMENT Special Agents in Lewistown for Yawman AND Fr ee Mfg.Q. Labor Saving Filing Systems RUNT AND VWUttANC VOU insure your house or barn as a pro * tection against fire. You wouldn't insure it in a company you didn't know was reliable. DAINT is simply another kind of insurance, * a protection against weather. It costs a lot more than fire insurance and it is worth a lot more because when you insure a building you don't know it is going to burn down. There isn't one chance in a hundred that your protection is really going to benefit you. :: :: :: fTT If you use good paint you know absolutely that the protection la going to save you a big loss. At least the value of the building, for it will make it last twice as long. If the paint isn't good the protection Is worthless, so why shouldn't you de mand the same reliability with your paint insurance that you do with your fire insurance. You will get it if you buy paint from us. Judith Hardware Co. as one of Its citizens can boast of no less than eleven feet and six Inches of beautiful wavy whisker. Mr. Hails N. Langseth, a native of Norway, is the possessor of this remarkable growth, which has been cultivated with care and pride for thirty-six years ami has been increasing In length at the rate of almost four inches per annum. Mr. Langseth claims that Instead of being a hin drance, this facial adornment Is of real value, making an excellent chest protector in cold weather and warn ing off the chill blasts of the Dakota winters. Office supplies at the Democrat.