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Fergus County Democrat
The Official Paper of Fergus County Tom Stout, Publisher and Proprietor Entered at the postoffice at Lewis town, Montana, as second-class matter. Subscribers, Notice— In ordering your paper changed to a new address, mention old address also, to insure prompt delivery. Subscribers failing to receive their papers will please notify this office. Make checks and money orders payable to Fergus County Democrat. SUBSCRIPTION: One year.-------------------------------------------------------$2.50 Six months...................................................... 1.25 Three months..................................................... .75 For foreign subscriptions add postage. Lewistown, Mont...................May 21, 1912. THE STRENGTH OF WILSON. While the political fortunes of Woodrow Wilson, candidate for the democratic nomination for president, have not been prospering greatly of late, the supporters of the New Jer sey executive have by no means aban doned hope. They still hold that the former college president lias the best show and adduce reasons for so be lieving. At the present time Champ Clark, of Missouri, has a big lead over Wil son and all other candidates in the number of delegates actually chosen and instructed. The speaker has run Roosevelt a close second for success i n states with preference primaries. Unquestionably, lie will enter the Baltimore convention with a larger following than any other man. But he will not have nearly enough to en able him to win. Whether or not he will be able to swing the required number over to his side is a matter for serious debate. This paper does not believe that lie will. The Wilson candidacy has been se verely handicapped by a lack of nec essary campaign funds. The Wilson treasury lias been flat busted ever since tlie campaign opened. The re verse lias been t lie case with the Clark treasury. Hearst has contributed large sums. Other wealthy men who are behind the Missourian have come through with substantial donations. This lias been greatly to the advan tage of the Missourian. In this day and age, money is what makes the mare go, politically speaking. The hopes of the Wilson supporters lie in this: The New Jersey executive is the second choice of fully seventy five per cent of the delegates thus far chosen. If Clark fails, the delegates from Illinois, Massachusetts, Connecti cut, Kansas, California, Maryland, Ne braska and even Missouri are ready to go to Wilson. The Democrat gets this information through a letter from one of the delegates-at-large from a state farther east, a man who is in close personal touch with the democratic situation in the states mentioned. He adds that a large majority of the dele gates from New York, although unin structed and who will probably be for Gaynor on the first ballot, will even tually vote for Wilson. The same may be said for the southern delegates, who are pledged to Underwood. It will require several ballots to de termine the actual strength of the var ious candidates before the Baltimore convention. Once the stampede is started toward Wilson, there will be no stopping it. Those who are in closest touch with the sentiment which prevails among the great mass of voters in the country know that the collegian is the strongest man that the democrats can nominate. He of all the men mentioned thus far can secure the hearty support of the mil lions of dissatisfied progressive re publicans in case Taft is nominated. He also, more than any other man, can command the votes of the vast numbers who do not approve of the madcap antics of Roosevelt in the event that worthy should, by chance, capture the republican nomination. This paper has no intention of de tracting in the least from the great campaign which Champ Clark is mak ing. His decisive victories in a num ber of states are splendid tributes to his high standing as a statesman. If nominated, we shall be glad to lend him the most loyal support. There is no man whom we should rather see elected president of this nation. But we do not believe that he will make as good a race as his equally talented opponent, Governor Wilson, and, tor that reason, we hope to see the New Jersey man made the choice of the Baltimore convention. LA FOLLETTE'S STORY. We have been reading with more than ordinary interest the "Autobi ography of LaFollette," which has been running for several months in the American Magazine. It is a story of absorbing interest, a most inspiring tale of the victory of one man fight ing against great odds for the common good. The latest chapter tells of the final victory against the old machine in Wisconsin. It was an epic struggle, but once the people were aroused, there was no stopping them. Once they became convinced of LaFollette's sincerity and good judgment, they stood behind him and enabled him to put into effect his marvelous railroad legislation, his insurance, primary, public utilities bills. When these bills were before the legislature, the representative of the great interests affected made the usual cry about driving capital out of the state, tearing down industries, producing a stagnation of business and adduced all of the other myriad specious objections such as are ever interposed when the people would hare an inning. Despite these predic tions of sure and certain calamities, the reform measures were placed on the statute books and Governor La Follette saw to it that men who would strictly enforce them were placed in charge. Note the result: Wisconsin is to day not only the best governed, but one of the most prosperous states in dustrially in the Union. Capital did not leave the state, but, on the other hand, has poured in steadily. Indus tries were not torn down, but new en terprises sprung up as if by magic. Railway earnings increased, bank failures have become practically un known and some of the strongest in surance companies in the world have been built up under the restrictive laws of the Badger state. What LaFollette did in Wisconsin, he would do in the nation. He would abolish graft and special prvilege. He would equalize the burdens of taxa tion, it matters not in what round about way those burdens may be im in government and make the great and small alike bear their propor tionate share of the expenses of run ning the government. LaFollette is meeting with the same sort of opposition in the nation that he met with when he started his crusade for popular government in Wisconsin. He is made the target for ridicule and calumny. He has to suffer tlie defections of false friends, feel the sting of repeated defeats. But he will win. He may never be presi dent, but the leaven of his great effort is working. The people may desert him for men of the Roosevelt stamp, men who do not deserve to be men tioned in the same day with LaFol lette, but with time will come wisdom; and with wisdom, action. Although he is of opposite political faith, this paper hails Robert Marion LaFollette as one of the two greatest modern apostles of public good, one of tlie two men whose place in his toiy shall not depend upon the bauble of official distinction. And the name of the other is Bryan. DEPENDS ON OHIO. The primary election in the state of Ohio this week will probably have a far-reaching effect on the delibera tions of the republican national con vention. Particularly do the political fortunes of William Howard Taft de pend upon tlie result of the preference voting in iiis own state. A defeat in Ohio will mean the utter collapse of the Taft candidacy. A victory will probably mean iiis renomination. There can be no longer any ques tion of tlie dangers which threaten tlie president. It has been one sad and dreary campaign for the chief executive and his supporters. It has been one rout after another, repudia tion following repudiation. In every state but one, Massachusetts, in which the voters have had the privilege of expressing their choice for a presiden tial candidate, Taft lias suffered de feat. But for the tremendous power which his office gives him in the southern states, Taft would have long since been hopelessly out of the race. Taft has done absolutely nothing to aid Iiis own candidacy. He has piled up mistake upon mistake. He has been the despair of his campaign man agers, a constant source of inspiration and encouragement to his active op ponents. He is utterly lacking in one solitary essential of leadership. He has bunglde things at every turn and, left to his own devices and initiative, would present the most sorrowful fig ure in the whole history of American politics. Taft can be nominated, but that does not say that he will be. He has back of him the necessary machinery, the organization who can make or unmake delegates to the national con vention. It is merely a question of whether or not they will dare. The failure of Taft does not neces sarily imply that Roosevelt will suc ceed. It is more than likely that if the president goes down to defeat he will have illustrious company in the person of the gentleman who con tributed largely to that sad result. In such an event the dark horse brigade would be trotted out and the least ob jectionable (to Wall Street) from the bunch picked out to lead the forlorn hope this year. It might be Hughes Cummins or some man not now prominently before the public as a candidate or a near-candidate. In the meanwhile, the nation will await the news from Ohio. In the Buckeye state a presidential candi date is being made or unmade today. posed. He would introduce efficiency CROOKED LOCATORS. A large number of homesteaders who have come to this city during the past year and located on government land are complaining bitterly of the fraud practiced on them by irrespon sible and crooked land locators. In one instance, which was brought to the notice of this paper yesterday, a man from Butte was located last win ter by a curbstone locator here, to whom he paid the sum of $50. The land which the alleged locator showed the homesteader was a beautiful tract and he congratulated himself on the rare bargain he was getting. A little further investigation, made recently, shattered the fond hopes of the Butte man. The tract of land up on which he was actually located Is some distance from that which he was shown. The latter tract belongs to the state and is not subject to location under any of tne government acts The man from Butte tried to get his fifty dollars back, but has been unable to do so up to the present time. Be ing a poor man, he is unable to take the vigorous steps which one in a bet ter position, financially, might take. The Lewistown Commercal club has taken up this matter and will en deavor to do away with the crooked locator. The men who are doing this sort of work are pretty generally known. They are bringing discredit on the city and the country and it Is clearly a part of tne commercial club's duty to take some action. There are large acreages of good land in this county yet open for entry under the various land laws. It is the intent of the government that this land shall fall into the hands of peo ple who need it and are willing to make their homes on it. It Is this character of citizens who, eventually, will add immeasurably to the ad vancement and prosperity of the county. They are entitled to the pro tection of the community against the sharks who iniest the locating busi ness. 'ihere are a number of thor oughly reliable locators in the city. Every good citizen should take it up on himself to direct prospective home seekers to some one of these reliable locators whenever the opportunity af fords. REFORM IS COMING. Certainly progress is being made by the people in their efforts to have the reins of government returned to their hands. A most decisive bat tle fought and won for the people's rule was the passage by the lower house of congress last Monday of a resolution providing for the submis sion *o the various states of the Union of a constitutional amendment pro viding for tlie direct election of United States senators. It was just eigaty-seven years ago that the first battle for this reform in the fundamental law of our land was made. It lias been to the front al most continuously ever since. It re-1 mained for tlie rise of the giant cor-| porations of the past decade with their greedy assumption of political power to frighten the upper branch of! congress to grant, grudgingly, what the people have so insistently demanded for more than three-quarters of a cen tury. The resolution as finally passed does not meet with the approval of all. No man ever trod the earth who could draw a bill which would be called perfect by the four hundred odd men who comprise our national legislative body. So long as we have Heyburns and Baileys and Penroses just, so long will we have men in con gress who will ever seek to thwart the desires of the people. Tlie objection this time came large ly from southern members of con gress, who object to a provision in tlie resolution which, they say, tramples rudely upon the ancient and sacred doctrine of state's right. These men are living in the past. That question was settled at the cost of a million lives and billions in money more than fifty years ago. The entire matter is now up to the various states of the union. It must be ratified by the legislatures of two thirds of the states. It is more than probable that the required number of legislatures will act favorably on the resolution next winter, and at the elec tion two years hence it should be in effect. It was a long time coming, but none tlie less welcome, especially as events of the past ten years have so intensely emphasized the necessity of .such a reform in our government. Tlie people of Montana are in a rail way to have their curiosity satisfied on one or two important points pro vided U. S. Senator Joseph M. Dixon and State Senator Edward Donlan will only answer the questions propounded by and to each other. State Senator Donlan desires to know how it is that U. S. Senator Dixon has succeeded in acquiring a fortune of a quarter of a million dollars on a salary of $7,500 per year, said salary schedule hav ing been in effect for but six years. In turn, U. S. Senator Dixon desires to ascertain how State Senator Ed ward Donlan has acquired a fortune estimated at one million dollars while giving the major portion of his time to state politics at the munificent salary of $ 60 u every two years. That's the sort of financiering that a lot of hard-working people in this state would like to get hep to. It has such lucrative occupations as gold mining, running a country newspaper, selling prunes and dabbling in real estate beaten a city block and then some. Al though neither of these distinguished gentlemen and loyal servants of the people has deigned to answer the query propounded by the other, it is just possible that both have dropped a hint of the real answer by accusing each other of intimate relationships, politically, with a certain large cor poration which does business in this state. _ President Taft rises to inquire what in blazes would become of this na tion if Terrible Teddy, who is voci ferously shouting that he is the guar dian of the sacred palladium of our liberties, should, through tlie untimely interposition of fate, kick the bucket. This pertinent query brings to mind the fable of the big business man and his life-wire manager. The manager desired a raise in wages. In present ing his request to his employed, the 1 . w. manager asked if it were not a fact that but for him the business would go to smash. The business man replied that his manager was a very necessary adjunct to the estab lishment. But after ruminating for a moment, the business man was struck with an idea. "I have just been won dering, George, what would happen If you were to die," he said to the man ager. The subordinate was compelled to admit that in such an unfortunate event the business would probably manage to get along some way or oth er. "Then," said the proprietor, "you may just consider yourself dead, George." We never cared much for a welcher. The Amalgamated Copper company now admits that it invested several large bundles of kale in one United States senator and is wailing, not only because they have' received no inter est on tne outlay of good, cold cash, but because the principal also appears to have been lost. While not desir ing to assume the thankless role of adviser to the astute managers of the Amalgamated, we do feel inclined to suggest that there will be infinitely less cause for complaint if they will use their surplus cash in the future for such incidentals as smelters, safety appliances for miners and pow er plants, rather than for United States senators. As a matter of fact, the people of this state stand ready, not to say anxious, at any time to re lieve the giant corporation of the onerous burden of electing senators, providing, of course, the gentlemen at the head of the Amalgamated would be willing to assent to such an ar rangement. Missoulian: Of all the men who spoke before the convention, there was none with more force, more self possession, more quiet dignity ana, withal, the ability and willingness to fight, than Judge Cheadle, of Fergus county, the commander-in-chief of the progressives. It was Judge Cheadle who brought to the attention of the convention just what had been done in the credentials committee to stifle progressive sentiment and to curtail progressive power. Judge Cheadle ex plained that his motions had not been recognized, that he and his side had not been given tne common courtesy of being allowed to state its cause, even that it had been refused tne right to take evidence before the com mittee. Judge Cheadle did not resort to abuse or ranting oratory in his ex planations to the convention. His was a quiet, forceful way that was really charmingly simple. Of all the men in and before the convention, he was most a man. With two favorite sons, Harmon and Taft, in the ring and both of them predestined losers, the voters of Ohio are squarely up against the proposi tion today of home pride versus the band wagon. It looks very much as if the Buckeyes intend to tumble into said band wagon and let home pride shift for herself. Some lexicographer who contem plates the publication of a new dic tionary of cuss words, will have only to refer to the speeches made by the two candidates for the republican presidential nomination during the past six weeks to find all of the avail able material for such a volume. The republican delegation from Fergus county ought now to be in a position to give expert testimony on the subject of steam rollers. They have flattened and been flattened, so should know exactly what both pro cesses are like. The republicans of Missoula county turned down a United States senator in favor of a state senator on the theory of choosing the lessor of two evils. Topics in Brief. The Massachusetts voters "meant well, but meant well feebly."—Boston Traveler. Senator William Alden Smith has not yet been subpenaed by Lord Mer sey.—Philadelphia Record. Tlie Democratic party is at last in line for congratulations on the fact that it has no ex-president.—St. Louis Times. In Georgia convicts get thirty days' vacation each year for good behavior. That is more than honest men get up north.—Philadelphia Inquirer. "Roosevelt says that if he is beaten this year he will run again." This ap pears to complete the colonel's an nexation of Bryan's policies.—New York Evening Post. Still, it isn't so bad if you'll just average it with what Will and Theo dore were saying about each other in the pre-convention campaign of four years ago.—Newark Evening News. "Opportunity is knocking at the door of the Democratic party," says an exchange. But there is so much knocking going on inside the door that "Opportunity" may not be heard.— Cleveland Leader. We are enabled to make the ex clusive announcement that the report that Senator William Alden Smith has been offered the chair of navigation at the Annapolis Naval Academy is premature.—Washington Post. There is a suspicion that a judge of the Commerce Court was too com mercial.—Philadelphia Record. It must be admitted, however, that the American type of presidential pr> mary is better than the Mexican. Boston Traveler. The world hopes that the peace movement in Mexico will not produce two new rebel chiefs for each one pacified.—St. Louis Globe-Democrat. The nomination of Charles E. Hughes for president would be one form of the recall of judges to which Mr. Roosevelt would hardly subscribe. —New York Evening Post. When the campaign is over, the fighting qualities of T. R. might be utilized to good advantage by putting him in charge of the movement to swat the fly.—Kansas City Journal Every time we print one of our thoughtful editorials on the virtue of modesty, some earnest progressive threatens to stop his subscription if we don't quit our brutal attacks on Coloflel Roosevelt.—Columbus (Ohio) State Journal. Upon the door of the stateroom which Mr. Ismay occupied after he had been received on board the Car pathia was fastened a card bearing the inscription: "Please Don't Knock. Mr. Ismay should have saved the card. —Chicago Record-Herald. —Chicago Record-Herald. Winter Wheat Crop. The area in the northwest where winter wheat is safe without artificial protection of some kind has not yet been definitely determined. It has been determined, however, that it is ordinarily unsafe to sow it without protection of some kind in all of North Dakota and in much of South Dakota, especially. the eastern and northern portions of the same. It is also probable that it is unsafe to sow winter wheat on the eastern rim of Montana without some protec tion. Just where that hazard is pres , ent is not yet definitely known, ■but it is worthy of careful attention EMPIRE BANK S TRUST COMPANY LEWISTOWN, MONTANA Commodious and well arranged offices, am ple resources, and a spirit of accommodation combine to enable this bank to offer excep tional facilities for handling Fergus County business which we solicit and which will be given the personal attention of its officers. FARM LOANS We are prepared to loan money on good farm lands. No red tape. No delay. We loan on patented land or on final certificate List your farm for sale with us. Our eastern office Is in touch with hundreds of prospective purchasers, and we can dispose of your farm quickly. AMERICAN LOAN A INVESTMENT CO. Capital $100,000 Office in First National Bank Building LEWISTOWN, MONTANA PURE DRUGS FpR ---- - Physicians Prescriptions There Is a particular care which has to be exercised In filling physician's prescriptions. Pure drugs and chem icals must be used. We give you this extreme care and the most scientific compounding. If you are re covering from cold, la grippe or pneumonia, we can supply you with the exact drugs which your physician prescribes. WILSON-SEIDEN DRUG CO. Eastman Kodak Agents, LetfistoWn, Montana MAHON-ROBINSON LUMBER CO. We have a Complete Llee of Lumber end Building Material at Prices that are Right. ;; ;; ;; The White Shed Phone 526, First AVe. South on the part of those who grow it. Elsewhere in Montana its growth would seem to be safe when sown without protection. The simplest form of protection is that furnished by stubble. It is also, one of the surest forms of protection. It is simply surprising the influence that a small amount of stubble has on the protection of the wheat. Even in the absence of snow in a cold time it has a beneficient effect on the crop. But to the use of stubble for protec tion there are some objections. In dry areas there may not be enough of moisture to sprout the grain. This will not occur often, but it will some times. Again if the following season should be dry there will not be enough of moisture to grow a big crop. But in such seasons the crop will yield more than the average crop of the spring wheat in the same locality. When wheat is thus drilled in stubble, it should, of course, be in clean stub ble. It should also be in stubble from which the crop has been removed early, so that the wheat may be sown early. In a moist autumn, so moist as to insure early germination, the plan would seem good which would sow large areas of winter wheat thus, and without discing the stubble pre viously to the sowing of the crop. Notice Annual Meeting. Notice is hereby given that the an nual stockholders' meeting of the Castle Butte Telephone company will be held at the Farmers' Institute room at the Court House in Lewistown, Montana, Wednesday, June 12, 1912, at 2 o'clock p. m. F. P. HOUSEL, President. First publication May 21-2t Annual Meeting of Stockholders. Notice is hereby given to all stock holders of the Farmers Elevator Company of Lewistown, that the reg ular annual meeting of stockholders and election of directors of said cor poration will be held in the Farmers' Institute Room in the Court House in Lewistown, Fergus County, Montana, on Saturday, the 1st day of June, 1912, at 1 o'clock p. m., for the pur pose of electing directors of said cor poration for the ensuing year and for the transaction of such other business as may come before the meeting. By order of the Board of Directors. Dated this 7th day of May, 1912. D. C. WALKER, Secretary. First publication May 21-2t Notice to Creditors. Estate Charles S. Akerley, deceased. Notice is hereby given by the under signed, Charlotte Akerley, adminis tratrix of the estate of Charles 8. Akerley, deceased, to the creditors of, and all persons having claims against the said deceased, to exhibit them with the necessary vouchers, within four months after the first publication of this notice, to the said adminis tratrix at her residence at Alton, Fer gus County, Montana, or to Ayers & Marshall, attorneys for said estate, at their office in the Abel Block, in Lew istown, in the County of Fergus. Dated at Lewistown, Montana, May 17th, 1912. CHARLOTTE AKERLEY, Administratrix of the Estate of Charles S. Akerley, Deceased. First publication May 21-4t Everything in loose leaf line at the Democrat Supply Dept.