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Fergus County Democrat
The Official Paper of Fergus County Tom Stout, Publisher and Proprietor Entered at the postoffice at Lewis town, Montana, as second-class matter. Subscribers, Notice—In ordering your paper changed to a new address, mention old address also, to insure prompt delivery. Subscribers failing to receive their papers will please notify this office. Make checks and money orders payable to Fergus County Democrat. _ SUBSCRIPTION: One year-------------------------------------$2.50 Six months-------------------------------------- 1.25 Three months---------------------------------------- .75 For foreign subscriptions add postage. < fUNIC Lewistown, Mont................August 27, 1912. DEMOCRATIC NATIONAL TICKET For President—Woodrow Wilson, of New Jersey. For Vice President—Thos. R. Mar shall, of Indiana. WALSH AND GEORGE. The democratic convention, held here yesterday, for the purpose of se lecting twenty-one delegates and an equal number of alternates to the state convention at Great Falls, adopted ringing endorsements of the candida cies or Hon. T. J. Walsh for United States senator and Hon. W. B. George for governor. The Fergus county dele gates to Great Falls were instructed to use all honorable efforts to bring about the nomination of these two men. There was not a word of pro test against, such instructions and, be yond the slightest doubt, the conven tion voiced the wishes of the solid democracy of the county. The democrats of the state, who meet the day after tomorrow in con vention at Great Falls, will perform a distinct service to the party and to the state if they will but nominate Walsh for senator and George for governor. Each man is pre-eminently fitted for the position which he seeks. Both will be exceptionally strong can didates. Both will wage effective and winning campaigns, and with them in the lead, the party will march to cer tain victory at the polls in November. THE BABY ACT. It was rather surprising to learn that many influential democratic lead ers of Silver Bow county seriously counseled against sending a delega tion from that county to the demo cratic state convention at Great Falls this week. According to the Butte Miner, this Very unusual action was advocated because of the hostility, ac tual or alleged, on the part of other counties of the state toward Silver Bow county. Continuing in a very lachrymose and puerile vein, the Miner says that Silver Bow delegates to state conventions in the past have been sub jected to all sorts of indignities by the long-horned boys from the cow coun ties and the overalled fellows from the agricultural districts and that the democrats of the metropolis have grown weary of this cruel treatment. We feel certain that the Miner great ly exaggerates the feeling of hostility which is said to exist in other parts of the state against Silver Bow. As a matter of fact, we have never ob served many instances wherein the democrats of the copper city have been violently maltreated. If recol lection serves us aright, they have managed always to land about every thing they have gone out for, and it has always been with the aid of dele gates from the country districts. Looking at the subject from another viewpoint, there is scarcely a county in the state which has not, at some time in the past, suffered disappoint ment through the very great power always exerted at state conventions by the Silver Bow leaders. Four years ago, at Anaconda, Fergus county had a candidate for lieutenant governor, who entered the convention with every reasonable expectation of winning that honor. He was generally looked upon as the strongest man that could be nominated for that honor. His quali fications for the position were unques tioned. Nevertheless, he was defeated, and solely through the opposition of Silver Bow. At the first state conven tion this year, Fergus had a candidate for state committeeman, but he was defeated by Silver Bow in a square, fair fight. Despite these defeats, the democrats of Fergus county have not sulked and pouted and played the baby act by threatening to cease all further participation in party affairs. For the information of the Miner and others who pretend to believe that the democrats of other sections of the state take particular pride in harrow ing the sensitive feelings of Silver Bow, it might be stated that nothing could be further from the truth. We who live out here in the grain belts and range country are desirous of liv ing and woi-king in harmony with all other members of the party, even though their lot be cast in the shadow of the richest uill on earth. We are willing to give and take with them counsel with them, rejoice with them in victory, sorrow with them in defeat, But there are a few things which w r e are not willing to do, and it is just as well, here and now, to state these things. We are unwilling that Silver Bow shall completely dominate our conven tions and caucuses. We are unwilling that certain so-called leaders in Butte aided and abetted by certain other so-called leaders and allies, some of whom reside in almost every com munity in the state, shall place upon our party the odious brand of corpora tion ownership. We are unwilling, in short, to take our orders from recog nized agents of the Amalgamated Cop per Mining company. We grant, and grant gladly, to that huge corporation, every right, every safeguard, every protection to wnich any legitimate business enterprise, large or small, is entitled, but deny to it the right of running our politcs. If there is any ill feeling between members of the party in the state, it is only between the thousands who comprise the rank and file of the party and the handful of men who would lialter-break us for service in the cause of the Amalga mated. As it happens, the greater number of that handful of men reside in Butte and take a very active part in the party's activities in Silver Bow county. This paper, for one, in criti cising these few men, has never had the slightest intention of reflecting up on the thousands of loyal, independent members of the party residing in that great county. PENROSE TELL STORY. Senator Penrose, of Pennsylvania, dealt the Roosevelt cause a body blow when, in a remarkable speech, deliv ered last Wednesday in the United States senate, he exposed the corrupt alliance between the Standard Oil company and the national republican campaign committee of eight years ago. This committee, it will be re called, was wholly dominated by the then candidate for president, Theo dore Roosevelt, and it is inconceivable that any large contributions were re ceived or any other important action taken without the knowledge and con sent of the leader. The Pennsylvania solon has been on the grill for several years, by reason of the publication of a letter to him from John D. Archbold, one of the head officials of the Standard Oil, in which mention was made of a deposit by the corporation of $25,000 to the credit of the senator. After remain ing discreetly silent until the psycho logical moment, Penrose last week rose in the senate and explained that little transaction and threw in a num ber of details for good measure. Penrose stated that the twenty-five thousand was a portion of the $125,000 contributed by the Standard Oil com pany to the republican campaign fund of 1904. Proceeding, he stated that there was an insistent demand, which came directly from Candidate Roose velt, for an additional contribution of $250,000. Senator Penrose stated that Cornelius N. Bliss, then treasurer of the national committee, issued receipts for the $125,000, and those receipts are doubtless a part of the sacred archives of the Rockefeller trust at this time. As was lo be expected, Roosevelt has made his usual reply to the charge by Penrose by calling the Pennsyl vania senator a liar. But the Pennsyl vanian certainly appears to have the goods and no one will serious dispute that his version of the affair is the correct one. It will be remembered that during the course of the 1904 campaign, Judge Alton B. Parker, the democratic candi date for president, openly charged the republicans of soliciting and accepting large contributions from the trusts and corporations. Roosevelt called Parker a liar. Nevertheless, within one year from the date of Roosevelt's strenuous and fiat-footed denial of the Parker charges, it was shown in the famous insurance investigations con ducted by Charles E. Hughes, now a member of the supreme court, that the great insurance companies of New York had contributed vast sums to the republican campaign committee, just as Parker had charged. It was dur ing the course of this investigation that there was brought to light the fa mous conference between Roosevelt and Harrinmn, which resulted in the railroad magnate's raising $240,000 from his Wall Street friends for the Roosevelt campaign in New York. The Penrose exposure completes the un broken chain of evidence, and no one but Roosevelt would have the audacity to dispute further the piled-up testi mony that there was a corrupt under standing between the trusts and the candidate of the republican party dur ing that campaign. These are but a few things w'liich throw a sinister light upon the politi cal record of Theodore Roosevelt. He has been convicted of having consort ed with the Standard Oil trust and the Steel trust while occupying the office of president. The campaign which he is conducting today is being financed by George W. Perkins, Morgan's part ner and confidential man; and Frank A. Munsey, the largest individual own er of Steel trust stock. So far as this paper has been able to learn, no effort is being made to raise a campaign fund by popular subscription, and the reason for this probably is that the money of the common people is not equired. The Morgans, Perkinses and Munseys will provide all that will be required. Such being the case, and in the very improbable event of Roose elt's election, he will not be under obligations to the people, but to the trust managers, who are backing his candidacy with their millions. This paper has no quarrel with the vast numbers of independent republi cans who have openly rebelled against the unworthy elements which have so long held their party by the throat and used it for strengthening the hold of unscrupulous bosses on the politi cal institutions of the nation. We hold that there is just cause for com plaint against the high-handed manner in which the regular republican con vention at Chicago was conducted. But what we are unab'e to understand is the motives which impel them to turn to Roosevelt for deliverence from present evils. We are honestly seek ing light on this phase of the situation. We would like to have that Harriman deal explained; to be given some justi fication of that Tennessee Iron & Coal company deal, which was sanctioned by Roosevelt; to know the real facts, if they are other than stated, of the Standard Oil and insurance contribu tions; if Roosevelt was right and Parker wrong in that famous pre-elec tion controversy in 1904; why Roose velt has always had it in for La Fol lette and prevented the nomination of Hadley, Cummins, Borah, Johnson or some other pronounced progressive at the first Chicago convention if he was actuated by other than selfish motives. We have mapy friends among the progressive republicans. We believe they are honest in their convictions, know that they are sincerely desirous of bringing about greatly-needed re forms. We have no desire to prejudice their cause or to belittle their pur poses. For these reasons, our columns are open for any explanations which they may desire to make of the mat ters above referred to. As a fellow worker with them in the cause of po litical uplift, we desire only to be fair with them and with those whom they! accept as leaders. SHOULD RAISE STOCK. A bunch of cattle sold on the hoof igo market lasr. week, rne aver-1 age price is above eight cents per! pound, and commission men state that! there is no possibility of the market sagging to any great extent for a t' least two years because of the fact! that the two big central markets Chi-' cago and Kansas City, are one' mil lion head of cattle short right now with the stock not in sight to reduce the shortage. As one of the greatest range cattle; sections of the United States, Fergus county will profit immensely by the high cattle market. It will mean many thousands of dollars to our stockmen. But, at the present rate of develop ment, this will not always be a great range country. Many of our greatest cattle ranches have already been sold out and cut up into small tracts suit able for agricultural purposes. Oth ers will be sold and similarly segre gated within a very few years. While there are a million acres or more of land in the county which will probably be devoted to grazing purposes for many years to come, but the days of the vast herds ranging unrestricted and waxing fat upon fertile benches and valleys of the Judith Basin are over. A new era has dawned and there must come with it an entirely different manner of conducting the business of cattle-raising. There is no reason why the county should not, in the future, contain as many never been more than one cow to every ten acres of land here. That proportion could and should be main tained even after this has become a thickly settled agricultural community. Moreover, the cattle should be of a better grade, better taken care of and command a bigger price when placed on the market. Right now the farmers are not giv ing sufficient attention to the growing of stock in connection with their oth er farming operations. One can ride for hours through the most populous communities in the Basin without see ing any cattle, horses, sheep or hogs, except a straggler here and there. The picture is a pretty one as it is with great fields of the finest wheat, oats, flax and barley ever raised any where; but it would be yet more beau tiful if given a touch of life by the ad dition of frequent herds of good milch cows, some frisky calves desporting themselves on the untilled lots, a bunch of brod mares grazing content edly in another field, and, in yet an other, a few litters of pigs rooting themselves toward the slaughter house. The raising of grain is all right so far as it goes, but up to the present time, no country on earth has been able to make it pay very large divi dends without co-ordinating it with other lines in the farming business. It can probably be made to pay well here, where conditions of soil, climate and moisture are so nearly ideal, but under the most favorable circum stances there are bound to be years in which the profits will be reduced by the Inexorable perversity of conditions which, ordinarily, are stable and de pendable. All sections of country in this latitude and altitude have oc casional periods of destructive storms or drouths; it is impossible to guard against depressed markets such as that which, to at least an appreciable degree, exists so far as grain is con cerned. The most scientific farming and careful husbandry cannot forestall these things. The one way that the farmer in the Juidth Basin, or in any other farming country, can protect himself is to di versify his activities. If his grain is a partial failure or the price does not come up to expectations, let him have a few fat steers to fall back upon, or a few colts to sell, some hogs to mar ket or a few lambs to butcher when ready money is needed. In this man ner he is, to a very large extent, ma king himself' independent of the vaga ries of the climate or the unsolved in tricacies of the stock market cattle as in the"pasT. ThereVas j 1 Topics in Brief. All coons do not look alike to me.— The Bull Mooser.—Columbia State. Those limericks are another heavy load for Candidate Wilson to carry.— Boston Journal. The plural of bull moose is no long er the question. What will the plu rality be?—Boston Journal. Two armies are fighting for New York. It hardly seems worth while. Philadelphia North American. Lord Mersey's Titanic inquiry com mission seems to put most of the blame on the iceberg.—Omaha World Herald. It looks as if the Detroit aldermen will be compelled to hold their meet ings in the county jail.—Cleveland Plain Dealer. The Interstate Commerce Commis sion has reduced freight rates on ex celsior. Is this another victory for the breakfast-food trust?—Cleveland Plain Dealer. It may be correct to pay Lorimer for his expenses in getting out of the senate, but no one yet has proposed to reimburse him for his expenses in getting in—Springfield Republican. In order to determine whether Belasco drama is adapted from the work of another popular playwriter, it self upon the bench, gonian New York Sun. falls to a New York jurist to sit through a production of both plays. Retribution appears to be visiting it Portland Ore We stand at Armywormville, and we battle for the crop.—Columbia State. And if any man suggests another [ onvention, lynch him on the spot.— j We learn with amazement that Crooksville, Ohio, is a Roosevelt stronghold.—Columbia State. - ^ Ir - continues to play golf, and, lll, " , " 1 ' :00 inuuuc.ixica.iu, Nicholas Longworth's Armageddon seem to be at some indeter ;ininate P oln t between Beverly, Mass., all<1 Oy ster Bay.—Washington Star. A Massachusetts suffragist will take stum P for Roosevelt. The femi ,line of Bul1 Moose is Bull doe—plural, Bulldozers.—Cleveland Plain Deaer. A certain degree of originality there rtainly is in launching a white pro gressive party for the South to the tune of "John Brown's Body."—New | York Sun. The five hundred ear specialists who have met in Boston to adopt a program | of noise abolition have plainly over looked the fact that this is a presi dential year.—New York Sun. The effort to kill off Governor Wil son is still confined to calling him I "Dr." or "Prof." They don't dare to call| him by the other title he has had •'President."—Springfield Republican. Advantage of Electric Locomotives. A recent paper on electric locomo tives for the handling of freight in railroad yards and in mining brought out clearly certain advantages over steam locomotives apart from the elimination of fire and smoke and the 'Hfference in fuel efficiency of the cen tral station boiler and engine and the (smaller) locomotive boiler and en gine. The electric locomotive can be relied upon, as long as the line volt age is maintained, to develop its full power at any time, being independent of the state of a boiler, the skill of a fireman, or the quality of fuel. The track adhesion is better—sometimes as much as 20 per cent better—be cause the torque of the driving wheels is uniform throughout each revolution, and there is not the same tendency to slip when starting under load as in the steam locomotive. The trac tion can be increased indefinitely by sanding the rails, since the electric locomotive can draw power indefinite ly from the line. No time is lost on the road for coaling, watering, boiler tending, or waiting for steam pressure to rise.—Scientific American. Try to Scale Mount McKinley. The bulletin of the American Geo-1 graphical Society reports that the ex pedition to Mount McKinley, which! left Fairbanks, Alaska, on February 5, fitted out by a newspaper of that town to attempt the ascent of the mountain, returned unsuccessful on April 10. An elevation of 10,000 feet was reached on the north side of the mountain east of Peter Glacier, where precipitous ice cliffe prevented further j progress. Explorations in Iceland. A remarkable series of explorations I was carried out in Iceland during the years 1910 and 1911 by a Swiss travel er, Herm. Stoll, who covered a dis tance of over 5,000 kilometers (up ward of 3,100 miles) in the course of | the two years. A Dry Month in England. During April, 1912, the total rainfall I registered at Greenwich observatory was only 0.02 inch. This is the driest month recorded at that observatory, at any period of the yeai', for 100 years. Finger Prints in Banks. German banks, according to news paper dispatches, have begun to in troduce the finger print as a mark of identification on checks. The method is already in use in the United States. Call for Democratic Convention. A precinct primary notice is hereby given that pursuant to the call of the Democratic State Committee, a Demo cratic Convention will be held at the Court Room in the Court House in Lewistown, Montana, beginning at the hour of ten o'clock a. m., on Tuesday, the 10th day of September, A. D. 1912. Ward and precinct primaries are hereby called to assemble at the sev eral voting places in Fergus County, Montana (hereinafter named), on Sat urday, the seventh day of September, A. D. 1912, at the hour of 4 o'clock p. m., for the purpose of electing 154 delegates and 154 alternates to the said Democratic County Convention, as called, for the purpose of nomi nating candidates for the following offices, to be voted for at a general election to be held on the fifth day of November, A. D .1912, to-wit: Four members of the legislature. One county commissioner. One sheriff. One clerk of the district court. One county clerk and recorder. One county treasurer. One county assessor. One county attorney. One county auditor. One county superintendent of schools. One coroner. One public administrator. One county surveyor. Two justices of the peace in each township. Two constables in each township. Also to elect a Democratic Central Committee, and to transact all other business regularly and legally coming or to come before the said convention for transaction. Delegates and alternates to the said Democratic County Convention of Fer gus County, Montana, will be seletced on the basis of one delegate for each 15 votes, or fraction thereof, cast in the respective wards and precincts for the Honorable Charles S. Hartman, democratic nominee for congress in the year 1910, and one for each pre cinct created subsequently to the last general election, and in addition there to, each precinct shall be entitled to one delegate and one alternate at large. The Democratic County Committee of Fergus County, Montana, does hereby apportion the total representa [ tion of the said County Convention j from the several wards and precincts as follows: Alton, 2; Benchland, 2; Crowley, 2; Denton, 2; Day, 2; Edgewater, 2; For est Grove, 3; Garneill, 4; Gilt Edge, 5; Grass Range, 4; Jones, 2; Kendall,! 10; Armells, 2; Buffalo, 3; Cruse, 2; Deerfield, 2; East Fork, 2; Flatwillow, u, uuunu, a, i ward, 9; Lewistown, Second ward, 12; Lewistown, Third ward, 10; Maiden, 5; Moccasin, 3; Moore, First ward, 4; Moore, Second ward, 4; New Year, 2; Phibrook, 4; Sapphire, 2; Stephens, 3; Utica, 3; Warm Spring, 2; Wilder,; 2; Winnett, 2; Middle Bench, 2; Natal, 2; Nordquist, 2; Ross' Fork, 2; Stanford, 5; Straw, 4; Valentine, 2; Weede, 2; Windham, 3. The democratic electors of the sev eral wards and precincts and all oth er electors, without regard to past po litical affiliations, who believe in the | principles of the democratic party and EMPIRE BANK & TRUST COMPANY LEWISTOWN, MONTANA S33 Commodious and well arranged offices, am ple resources, and a spirit of accommodation combine to enable this bank to offer excep tional facilities for handling Fergus County business which we solicit and which will be given the personal attention of its officers. FARM LOANS We are prepared to loan money on good farm lands. No red tape. No delay. ^ We loan on patented land or on final certificate List your farm for sale with us. Our eastern office is in touch with hundreds of prospective purchasers, and we can dispose of your farm quickly. AMERICAN LOAN & INVESTMENT CO. Capital $100,000 Office in First National Bank Building LEWISTOWN, MONTANA Budweiser AMERICA'S FAVORITE BEVERAGE Its sale of 173,184*6°° bottles during tbe year 1911 is due entirely and solely to its surpassing cjual ity purity and flavor. No wonder Budweiser is in constant demand on all BufFet and Dinincj Cars, at Hotels, Clubs, Cafes and Homes Budweiser bottled only at tbe home plant with crowns or corks. ANHEUSER-BUSCH BREWERY ST. LOUIS Fred Pierre Dutributor 1 Lewistown Montana gate whom he represents. All delegates and alternate dele gates must be resident electors of the precinct which he represents, and in the absence of all delegates and all who endorse its policies, are cordially invited to attend said primaries and take part in the proceedings thereof. Delegates and alternates shall be elected to the said County Convention as aforesaid, and in the failure of any delegate to attend, the alternate dele gate shall cast the vote of the dele alternates from any precinct no votes shall be cast from said precinct All notices of contest must be sub mitted in writing at least 24 hours be forer the said County Convention is accompanied by a uiu.icu.cui och.u 6 ic/th the grounds of contest, which must be filed with the Secretary of the Democratic County Central Committee. Contests will be acted upon by the County Central Committee and reported to the con vention, as a part of the temporary roll call, and shall be finally deter mined by the action of the convention, 15 " nr ' ,£ "' n * ♦ v '° By order of the Democratic Central Committee of Fergus County, Mon tana. Dated at Lewistown, Montana, this twelfth day of August, A. D. 1912. ROY E. AYERS, Chairman. Attest: B. H. Foley, Secretary.