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Fergus County Democrat
The Official Paper of Fergus County Tom Stout, Publisher and Proprietor Entered at the postofflce at Lewis town, Montana, as second-class matter. Subscribers, Notice—In ordering your paper changed to a new address, mention old address also, to Insure prompt delivery. Subscribers failing to receive their papers will please notify this office. Make checks and money orders payable to Fergus County Dem ocrat. ____ SUBSCRIPTION: One year--------------------$2.50 Six months--------------------------1-25 Three months------------------------ -75 For foreign subscriptions add postage. Lewistown, Mont...........-.........Sept. 3, 1912. DEMOCRATIC NATIONAL TICKET For President—Woodrow Wilson, of New Jersey. For Vice President—Thos. R. Mar shall, of Indiana. DEMOCRATIC STATE TICKET. For United States Senator—Hon. T. J. Wash, of Helena. For Representatives in Congress— Thomas Stout, of Lewistown, and John M. Evans, of Missoula. For Governor—Samuel V. Stewart, of Virginia City. For Lieutenant Governor—W. W. McDowell, of Butte. For Associate Justice of Supreme Court—Sidney Sanner, of Miles City. For Secretary of State—A. M. Alder son, of Livingston. For Attorney General—Daniel M. Kelly, of Boulder. For State Treasurer—W. C. Rae, of Red Lodge. For State Auditor—William Keating, of Missoula. For Superintendent of Public In struction— : H. A. Davee, of Lewistown. For Railroad Commissioner—John H. Hall, of Great Falls. For Presidential Electors—J. C. Mc Carthy, of Bozeman; John Maginnis, of Butte; George M. Houtz, of Kali spell; A. S. Lohman, of Chinook. A BIT PERSONAL. Whether acting wisely or otherwise, the democrats, at their state conven tion last Friday, named the editor of this paper as one of the candidates for congress. For obvious reasons, the readers of the Fergus County Demo crat will hear very little concerning this candidate during the course of the campaign except from other sources. It is for these reasons that we beg the indulgence of our friends in Fergus county while we make a few personal remarks at the present time. We hold that the honor conferred by the democrats of the state, in con vention assembled, is, in no wise, per sonal to the candidate alone, but is simply a merited recognition of the services rendered the party in Mon tana by the aggressive, united democ racy of Fergus county. There are many democrats in the state more en titled to the nomination, better fitted to wage an effective campaign and more competent to perform the duties of the office in the event of election. There are any number of faithful party workers in this county, any one of whom we should prefer to see carrying the banner of leadership. But since that standard has been placed in our hands, our one effort throughout the next sixty days shall be to hold it aloft in the forefront of the battle, keep it unstained from the dirt of petty par tisanship unsullied by any unworthy word or action. Such political activity as the editor of the Democrat shall engage in dur ing the time consumed by the cam paign will be confined almost wholly to localities other than Fergus county. We have lived here for ten years. The very nature of our occupation has made it necessary for us to play our small part in the community life out in the open throughout that period. If there have been any accomplishments worth while, they are best known by the men and the women of Fergus county. The errors we have made, and they are many; our shortcomings, of whatever nature such may be, are best known to those who have lived and worked with us, or against us, during the past decade. We appreciate deeply the words Se«ne From Clyde Fitch's Greatest Play, "The City," Opera House, Sept. 13-14 which have been spoken since our re turn from the convention city, words of encouragement and good fellowship even from those opposed politically. It is so typical of the great-hearted, generous men of this community, so in keeping with that spirit of loyalty and helpfulness which is so readily ac corded every one who does the best he uDOWs, who plays his part, be it ever so humble, up to the best there is in him. Of little consequence to us at this moment is the story which the ballots may tell on November fifth, next. We are so vitally concerned about the things of local interest; the building of railroads and shops and depots; the harvesting of splendid crops and the prices which our farmer friends are to receive for their products; the ope rations of our realty men; the plans for new business houses and homes; the prosperity of local merchants and tradesmen; the employment of our workingmen; the coming, going and daily diversions of our citizens, that it is difficult to realize that we are now called upon to extend the breadth of vision, enlarge the sphere of our activity. We may be successful on election day. In the whirligig of politics, strange things may happen. If such should be the case, we shall take up the duties of the office with a full sense of the responsibilities which they entail and the determination to devote all possible industry, every atom of ability which we possess, to the services of the whole state of Mon tana. If the returns should be ad verse, there will be no serious per sonal disappointment, for we shall have before us only the task of re suming our work and the routine of a pleasant life amidst congenial sur roundings and with friends whose loy alty is worth more than all of the honors which any constituency can bestow. THE STATE TICKET. The democrats of Montana will, this year, go before the people with the strongest ticket ever offered for the approval of the voters. Working care fully, taking their time and with a manifest desire to select only men with clean records, the delegates to the convention had a right to feel the utmost satisfaction over the results of their labors at the conclusion of the convention. With such a ticket and with the opposition party badly split and generally disorganized, there is no reason why every one of the demo cratic nominees should not be elected in November. Some of the republican papers have already opened up by stating that the convention was very largely dominated by corporate influences. As a matter of fact, there has not been a conven tion held in this state in the last ten years which was so entirely free from the dictation of representatives of the large mining and smelting interests of the state. It was apparent very early in the proceedings that the progres sive element in the party of the state was in control and no serious attempts were made to contest that control at any stage. The democrats of the state are to be congratulated upon the nomination of Thomas J v Walsh, of Helena, for the United States senate. Mr. Walsh was named by acclamation simply be cause those who have always opposed him early saw that the Walsh senti ment was overwhelming and that it would be utterly futile to put up any one against him. This paper takes particular pride in the nomination of Mr. Walsh. We believe that he is now in a position to realize his very laud able ambition to represent Montana in the federal senate. He has the peo ple behind him, and if he succeeds in securing the plurality vote at the forth coming election, as now appears cer tain, there will be a sufficient number of legislators pledged to support him to complete the work of selecting him for the senate. This paper heartily supported the Hon. W. B. George, of Billings, for the gubernatorial nomination. The fact that he was defeated does not lessen our admiration for him in the slightest degree. We still believe that he would make Montana an ideal chief execu tive. But Mr. George was downed in a fair, square fight. It is impossible to conceive of any other than a mighty good man defeating him, and we take off our hat to Sam V. Stewart, of Vir ginia City. We have known Mr. Stew art for many years and have never heard one word to his discredit. He is one of the state's foremost citizens a big-hearted, generous fellow, pos sessed of a most admirable personality a good speaker, a fine lawyer, and most loved where he is best known, in old Madison county, where he has re sided for many years. As the campaign progresses, this paper will give to its readers personal glimpses of all the other candidates. All are worthy, with one possible ex ception, reference to which is made in another article on this page, All sections of the state are represented, the eastern part of the state having been especially favored. The demo crats are now out in the open. They are ready for the battle. They are resting on their arms, waiting for the enemy to appear. ROY E. AYERS. The delegates to the convention of the Tenth judicial district, held in Great Falls last Thursday afternoon, unanimously selected Roy E. Ayers, of this city, as the democratic candi date for district judge. The honor came as a pleasing recognition of the personal popularity, past official serv ices and the high legal attainment of Fergus county's distinguished young barrister. The people of this county take a justifiable pride in the rapid advance ment of Roy E. Ayers in his chosen profession. They remember that he is a native son of the county; that, when yet a boy in his teens, he rode the range here; that he was educated in the local schools, and, through the sheer force of his native talents, has come to be looked upon as one of the state's leading attorneys. Roy Ayers has every reason to be proud of the honor conferred upon him. He has a proper appreciation of the demands made by the American peo ple upon the men whom they elevate to judicial positions. He realizes fully the grave responsibilities of the place for which he has been nominated. He is determined that, in the event of elec tion, his conduct will be in keeping with the lofty traditions of our won derful judicial system. The campaign which will be made by Roy E. Ayers will be in keeping with the dignity of the position which he seeks. He will make no appeal to partisanship; will indulge in no con troversies over purely political mat ters; will treat his opponent, whom ever that opponent may be, with the utmost courtesy, fairness and consid eration. Mr. Ayers has requested that this paper treat the judicial contest as strictly non-partisan. He bespeaks for his opponent, yet to be selected, cour teous treatment, and we shall gladly accede to his wishes in that respect. While we heartily favor Roy Ayers for the office of district judge, we shall sedulously refrain, throughout the course of the campaign, from giving utterance to anything in the slightest degree derogatory to the personal or legal fitness of his opponent for the position. It is up to the voters to de termine, without the injection of any personal issues, whom they desire for their judge, and, in common with the democratic candidate, we shall refrain from burdening the campaign with personalities or unseemly comment. TWO STRAWS TODAY. Much general interest attaches to the state elections being held today in the states of Maine and Vermont. These are the only states in the union in which elections are held so early in the fall prior to a presidential elec tion. For this reason, the results in Maine and Vermont are usually close ly watched for as indicating the senti ment of the voters in that section of the nation. Both Maine and Vermont have gone republican at every presidential elec tion since the war. In 1908 Maine gave 35,403 votes to Bryan and 66,987 to Taft. But in 1910 the democrats elected their candidate for governor Maine, Plaisted receiving 73,425 in votes, to 64,672 for Fernald. The dem ocrats have a complete state govern ment with the exception of the ad jutant general, superintendent of edu cation and insurance commissioner; have a majority of 13 in the legisla ture on joint ballot, and have two dem ocratic United States senators from Maine. The prospects are exceedingly bright for democratic victory in Maine this fall. Vermont gave Bryan 11,496 and Taft 39,552 votes four years ago. In the election for governor two years ago, the democratic candidate re ceived 17,425 votes and the republican candidate 35,263. This shows the state still to be overwhelmingly republican, but the republican plurality was nev ertheless cut down some 11,000 and there are indications that the bull moose movement has made such head way in Vermont as to offer prospects of democratic victory in that state. H. A. DAVEE. The democrats of Fergus county and of the state generally are to be con gratulated upon the nomination of H. A. Davee, of this city, for the office of superintendent of public instruction. The local delegation to the state con vention made a loyal and an effective fight in Prof. Davee's behalf and were highly gratified over the splendid vote given him. This paper predicts that Mr. Davee will prove to be one of the most popu lar candidates on the state ticket this fall. He is eminently qualified for the position of state superintendent. He has made a study of the state's educa tional needs and has definite ideas as tot he manner in which certain defects in the system should be corrected and certain reforms put into effect. He combines scholarship with a large ex perience and exceptional executive ability. The people of Lewistown would re gret losing the services of Mr. Davee, who has served so efficiently as city superintendent for four years, but they will be pleased to have him promoted to the larger sphere of usefulness and activity as head of the schools of the state. No doubt they will be willing to lay aside the consideration of pure ly local interest long enough to roll up a handsome majority for the Fergus county candidate at the polls in No vember. BILLION AND ONE-HALF DOLLARS THE TOLL ON WATERED STOCK. Washington, Aug. 22.—One hundred dollars annually. This is the amount the crime of over-capitalization, or wa tered stocks, costs every American family. This statement flows easily from the pen, but it can be demonstrated by a little arithmetic. Various prominent financial students and authorities are responsible for the statement, and their conclusions are wholly sustained by reports of the United States commission and the pub lished figures of the national corpora tion tax returns, that about $30,000, 000,000 of the stocks of our industrial, or tariff trusts, represent only water. On this stock, dividends of about $1,500,000,000 are being paid yearly, amounting to approximately $18 a per son, or nearly $100 an American family. This $1,500,000,000 is not picked up out of the streets. Where then, does it come from. The answer is, from the pockets of the consumers. There is not a dollar of water or inflation in the capitalization of corporations which deal in commodities, or in rail orad or other public service corpora tions, that does not impose burdens upon the consumers and producers of this country. The above figures, which may be ac cepted as fairly conservative in view of the fact that United States Senator La Follette and various other students of the question assert that the amount of watered stock is more than double the amount estimated above, mean this: That an average family in this country is paying a tax of $100 a year in supporting the over-capitalization of our industries. Can there remain any doubt, then, as to over-capitalization's being one reason, a sister reason to high tariff, for the ever-increasing cost of living? Watered stock is not only one of the prime causes for increased prices of commodities, but it is also an impor tant cause of the present unsatisfac tory conditions of labor. To pay those dividends on watered stock, the trust magnates must either hold down wages abnormally low or raise prices artificially high. The fact is they are doing both. Fergus County s Fair Should be attended by every farmer in the County at some time during the week, and we want to extend a hearty invita tion to all farmers to make their Headquarters at the Fergus County Hardware Company We will take pleasure in showing you around our big new store and giving you all the information you desire about the fair* EXHIBIT AT THE FAIR We also have an exhibit at the fair grounds that will be worth your while to inspect, and we will have a man in charge who will take pleasure in giving attention in the way of explaining anything you want to know in connection with our exhibit* When you visit the fair, don't fail to come in and see us whether you want to buy or not* We will consider your visit on this occasion more of a social nature than one of business* :: « ** ^8 FERGUS COIJNTYHARDWARECOMPANY FOURTH AVENUE NORTH & Over-capitalization, therefore, is ob viously one of the most important problems confronting the American people today. Politicians, for some reason, refer to it less than they should. The subject ought to be one of the foremost political issues. Five hundred glaring illustrations of the crime of over-capitalization could be cited. They would average like this: The Chicago & Alton was capi talized at $30,000,000. When turned over to the purchasing syndicate in 1899 it was capitalized at $94,000,000. The people are not going to forever permit the Perkins and the Morgans and other financiers to strap upon their backs the burdens of these enor mous over-capitalizations, which con stitutes one of the principal causes of the increase in the cost of living. In the light of the president's veto of the wool bill, which veto gives the woolen trust a continuance of its privi lege to plunder the consumer while at the same time paying its workers starvation wages, a page from the hearings in connection with the Law rence strike inquiry makes interesting reading. The witness is Miss Sanger, a trained nurse. (Page 226, hearings on house resolution 409 and 433.) The Testimony. Mr. Pou: "Miss Sanger, were you instrumental in taking a number of the strikers' children away from Law rence during the strike?" Miss Sanger: "Yes, sir." Mr. Pou: "Did you talk with those children about their manner of living?" Miss Sanger: "Yes, sir. I found that the children—there were 119 of them in my party—seldom ate meat, and their physical condition was the most horrible I have ever seen. In the first place, four of the smallest ch'ildren had chickenpox, and they had not re ceived any medical attention. They were walking about among the other children apparently without noticing the chickenpox or diphtheria; one child had diphtheria. Of 119 children only four of them had underwear, and it was bitterly cold. We had to run all the way from the station to Labor Temple after we got to New York to keep from freezing." Mr. Foster: "You say only four had underclothing. What was the condi tion of their outer clothing?" Miss Sanger: "It was simply in rags. Their coats were worn to shreds." Mr. Foster: "Were the children pale and thin?" Miss Sanger: "Yes, sir, and I want to say that when they had supper it would have brought tears to your eyes to see them grab for the meat with their bare hands." Mr. Foster: "Did any of them have on woolen clothing of any sort?" Miss Sanger: "No, sir." Mr. Foster: "And yet they all worked in woolen mills?" Miss Sanger: "Yes, sir." In his veto message, Mr. Taft has much to say about the "wolen indus try" and "foreign labor." He makes no mention of these poor victims of the woolen trust's greed. GRASS M Vn BY IRE CLERGYMEN NEW CHURCHES TO BE ERECTED AT GRASS RANGE—OTHER POINTS VISITED. Grass Range, Sept. 3.—The largest ministerial delegation that ever visit ed this part of the county arrived on Thursday's stage from Lewistown and consisted of W. W. Van Orsdel, P. W. Haynes and J. H. Rosen. Rev. Van Orsdel, the pioneer preacher of Mon tana, is delighted with what he has seen of the country on his initial trip. A strange coincident is the fact that both he and J. H. Charters are old timers but have never met until this time. Rev. Haynes looked over the country before. Plans are on foot to acquire site for a church edifice and Edgewater, Winnett, Cat creek basin, Flatwillow and other sections tribu tary to Grass Range are being investi gated as to the possibility of estab lishing permanent work. The party is making an extended detailed tour over eastern Fergus and end their journey at Musselshell or Roundup sometime next week. Walter Bright and party passed through by auto from Flatwillow, re turning to Lewistown on Wednesday. Formen and Kinnick begin thresh ing Monday on the Forman ranch, east of here. Threshing is reported hav ing begun in the vicinity of Flatwillow, with excellent yields and excellent quality. Miss Bohnda Akins, of Lewistown, is the guest of Naomi Charters the past week. Miss Eleanor Alexander, of Somer set, Iowa, is visiting at the home of Mrs. J. C. Miller. The infant daughter of Mr. and Mrs. Dan Barbee died Friday. Carl Kemna, of the Grass Range Mercantile company store, made a trip to Lewistown the last of the week, making the trip with B. F. Moulton. Lee Walton, who has been under Dr. Brugge's care for the past ten days, has sufficiently recovered to re turn home. Richard Cruse, of the Cruse ranch, was in town Saturday. He says he is short of ranch help at the present time. Fred Illsher, C. H. Seeley, E. F. Coul ter and F. W. Bell, all farmers from Lewistown, stopped here Saturday night enroute to Dawson county, where they expect to take up some land. Miss Ebba Simonson visited at the George Kinnick home Saturday and Sunday. Mrs. Henry Sanderson and son, of Forest Grove, were visiting their daughter, Tena, last week.