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Fergus County Democrat
The Official Paper of Fergus County Tom Stout, Publisher and Proprietor ordering g Entered at the postoffice at Lewis town, Montana, as second-class matter. Subscribers, Notice—In your paper changed to a new address, mention old address also, to insure prompt delivery. Subscribers falling to receive their papers will please notify this office. Make checks and money orders payable to Fergus County Democrat. SUBSCRIPTION: ...........$2.50 .......... 1.25 .75 For foreign subscriptions add postage. <UNi^W)LABEL> Lewistown, Mont..................Sept. 10, 1912. DEMOCRATIC NATIONAL TICKET For President—Woodrow Wilson, of New Jersey. For Vice President—Thos. R. Mar shall, of Indiana. DEMOCRATIC STATE TICKET. For United States Senator—Hon. T. J. Wash, of Helena. For Representatives in Congress— Thomas Stout, of Lewistown, and John M. Evans, of Missoula. For Governor—Samuel V. Stewart, of Virginia City. For Lieutenant Governor—W. W. McDowell, of Butte. For Associate Justice of Supreme Court—Sidney Sanner, of Miles City. For Secretary of State—A. M. Alder son, of Livingston. For Attorney General—Daniel M. Kelly, of Boulder. For State Treasurer—W. C. Rae, of Red Lodge. For State Auditor—William Keating, of Missoula. For Superintendent of Public In struction—H. A. Davee, of Lewistown. For Railroad Commissioner—John H. Hall, of Great Falls. For Presidential Electors—J. C. Mc Carthy, of Bozeman; John Maginnis, of Butte; George M. Houtz, of Kali spell; A. S. Lohman, of Chinook. THE PLATFORM. We earnestly urge upon all of our readers to read the platform adopted at the democratic state convention, held the last week in August at Great Falls. It is one of, the best declara tions of the sort ever enunciated by any political party in this state. It calls attention to numerous defects in our state government and proposes laws which will correct them. If the next legislature and governor are dem ocratic and all of the reforms promised in their platform are brought about, Montana will have made a great stride toward the attainment of the desires of her citizen that this shall become the best-governed state in the union. THE NEW PHASE. Detroit News: William Jennings Bryan achieved a record unique in our political annals when he survived and thrived on sixteen years of continuous defeat. It has always been recognized that it requires a personality of un usual strength, variety, attractiveness, force and honesty to have such an achievement to its credit. But, as all the angles of the recent months are gathered up and weighed, it appears that Mr. Bryan has still a greater thing to his credit—he has survived the death of Bryanism. And he emerges from the shell in which his character and influence took their first forms, with a personality, power and influence more luminous than ever, though severed by the very forces of maturity from Bryanism in all its forms. It goes without saying that within three weeks there has been a pro found revision of the estimate which a large section of the country placed on Mr. Bryan. As a supposedly per ennial candidate he has been the butt of enough jest to smother the dougliti est public character. As an adjudged dog-in-the-party-manger he has aroused such powerful hatreds as should ut terly have ruined another political ca reer. As an outspoken reformer on the liquor question and others such as the shrewd politician usually side steps, he has seemed to court oblivion time and again. More epitaphs have been printed over his alleged political! death than any man of his time has had to endure. He has been defeated | in every form it is possible for defeat to take—and yet the fact is that he is today a bigger man, a bigger and more national character than at any time of his career. All this is particularly noticeable in the changed tone of the press of the country. Bryan has advanced beyond the stage wherein he served as the butt of the paragrapher's spleen on a dull day. Powerful organs which for merly affected to despise him, now speak of him in their most respectful tone. The fight he made at Baltimore, with its tremendous emphasis on the moral issue, with its full degree of self-effacement so far as official ad vancement was concerned, made deep impression not only on his party but on the country at large, and when he emerged from that nine days' bat tle he seemed to have gained stature. And the change seems to be very agreeable to all sections and parties. The Bryan of old was a progressive, but an immature progressive, speaking to a time that was not able to receive what he had to say. He came in the spring of the times, so to speak, and when all the fruit was green and hard upon the trees, but come are the lat ter times when progressive ideas have ripened and matured. He most pub licly of all proclaimed an embryonic progressiveness. The country at that i I time was just emerging from a period of stringency to one of prosperity, and the voice of McKinley, with his sug-' gestion of markets and increased com merce, was a more potent voice than that which came out of the west with such unheard-of suggestions as popu lar election of United States senators, currency reform and the control of the courts. In time, however, the country learned the hollowness of mere material progress. Under cover of "the full dinner pail" was masked the great trust and tariff movement wh ich jeopardized the fullness of that useful receptacle by greatly increas 4 the cost of its contents. We be gan to see that mere material pros perity was a blind, a snare; that our affairs were in such shape that shrewd men in control could throw us a sop or stop our victuals at a given signal. Turning from the full dinner pail, we tured our eyes to the senate chamber, to Wall street, to the courts, and then, acting on what we saw, the great pro gressive movement began in earnest. Other men arose, notably Theodore Roosevelt, who combined with Bryan's idealism a practical administrative ability which the people did not credit Bryan with having. But whether he has this ability or not, it is unavailing to evade the fact that steadily and by insensible degrees, the ideas which Bryan urged as a revolution, ideas as green and callow as the young man who so passionately proclaimed them, have come to be the dominant notes of the decade's political thought. This much is not too great praise for Bryan's part in the education of the nation the last sixteen years. Capping this work, Bryan was the one man whom his party had to carry these ideas against great opposition to triumphant assertion in a demo cratic national convention, and, regard less of what exterior forces contrib uted to the result, the glory of the victory rests chiefly with William Jen nings Bryan. That is the reason for the changed note throughout the country when the name of Bryan is mentioned. He endured a terrible test and came through unscathed. He simply took his stand on the most elemental prin ciple, and stod there until his party came round to him. He may never be president of the United States—he has probably given up definitely that hope —but when his services as a public man have been fairly gauged he will take his place in our history with those other men—Clay and Webster and Blaine—who were great servants of the nation .though the nation dis appointed their desire for the highest office. FOUR GOOD MEASURES. Montana voters are, this year, in a position to test the efficiency of the initiative method of enacting desired reforms. They will be called upon to vote for or against four bills, prepared by the Peoples' Power league and sub mitted to the people under the pro visions of the initiative act. Perhaps first in importance of these bills is the direct primary bill. The people of Montana have been clamor ing for many years for an adequate primary election law. The one sub | mitted for their approval is one of the best ever drawn. Its enactment into law will go far toward corecting exist ing political abuses. It places the mat ter of naming all candidates for office directly up to the people. It will sound the death knell of the conven tion system and boss rule. A second bill submitted provides for a presidential preference primary. This is also meritorious. This law will give the voters an opportunity of in dicating their preference for presi dent. It is altogether probable that a majority of the states in the union will have such laws on their statute books before another presidential year rolls around, and such being the case, the national convention will follow the state gatherings of similar char acter into the scrap heap of outworn political devices. A third bill provides for a limitation of campaign expenses, which is what is popularly known as a corrupt prac tice act. Like the two previously dis cussed, it is entirely meritorious and should be acted upon favorably by the voters. The fourth bill which it is proposed to enact into law by direct vote of the people at the forthcoming election pro vides for the direction election of United States senators. There can be no question as to the commendable features of this bill. It will take the place of the present law, which is, at the best, a mere make-shift. It is al together probable that this law, if enacted, will be superceded by the amendment to the constitution of the United States within the next two years, but it is wise that we have it on our books and in readiness for use in the event the several states are dilitory about taking action on the amendment to the national constitu i tion. In the stress and excitement of the campaign, the voters should not lose sight of these four bills. All are im I portant, all are designed to correct abuses of long standing, and, no doubt, all will be favorably acted upon by the voters in November. COONEY GETS THE HOOK Edward Cooney, Montana pioneer, postmaster at Great Falls, editor of the Leader, and long a wheel-horse in Montana republicanism, is in a post tion to sympathize and commiserate with Lieutenant-Governor William R Allen. But a lew brief months ago it looked as if Allen had the republi can nomination for governor safely tucked away. Three weeks ago, how ever, Allen received instructions to stay out, and there was issued from the headquarters of Lanstrum-Mar lowe-Donlan, et al, an announcement that Editor Ed. Cooney was the lamb let chosen for slaughter on November fifth. Mr. Cooney took the promises of the bosses at their face value and was looking forward with full confidence to his selection at the convention last Thursday by practically a unanimous vote, but, alas and alack, there was a sad up-set of the program, and when the smoke of battle had cleared away, Cooney found himself sitting by the road-side wondering what had struck — him, while the republican juggernaut, with Harry Wilson, of Billings, occupy ing the place of honor, was dlsappear ing around the bend, It is somewhat difficult to get at all of the ins and outs of the strange trick of fate which consigned Ed. Coney to the scrap heap of politics, instead of offering him the long-de sired opportunity representing his party on the rostrum in the capacity of gubernatorial candidate. But from the stories coming out of Great Falls, it appears that Senator Ed. Donlan, of Missoula, has put over another of his Macbivellian tricks. Donlan, it ap pears, it somewhat jealous of his posi tion as one of the leaders of the party, in this state. He foresaw the possi bility of Cooney, in the event of that 1 gentleman's nomination and election, J disputing that leadership, and, with; his usual cunning, gave the Great Falls j editor the hook at the psychological moment. It is rather a sordid story, 1 but has all of the ear-marks of re liability. j At that, the republicans could have j gone far and fared much worse than j they did in selecting Harry Wilson for j governor. Wilson is clean and capable,! a fine orator and a splendid mixer, j He will add zest and zip to the cam-; paign and put some heart into a lost! would have preferred to serve in the cause. But for the fact that he will have to carry the hopeless handicap of a divided party, and the further fact that he is opposed by a man of wider experience, a more comprehen sive grasp of state affairs, and one just as popular personally, he might win. W. D. SYMMES. Fergus was further honored last Sat urday when the bull moose, or inde pendent, party selected W. D. Symmes, of this city, as their candidate for lieu tenant governor. This action will meet with popular approval over this way and will do much toward causing the voters of this county to give the third party ticket some genuine con sideration. W. D. Symmes has been a resident of Lewistown so long ago that the memory of a very large number of us runs not to the contrary. He started to work for the Power Mercantile com pany as a delivery boy. Steady habits, a close attention to the work at hand, and a remarkable aptitude for busi ness, were responsible for his rapid promotion until he reached the posi tion of general manager for that big mercantile establishment. Two or three years ago he became an equal partner with Senator T. C. Power in the business and is now looked upon as one of the big merchants of Mon tana. For more than a decade past Mr. Symmes has been a vital factor in the upbuilding of Lewistown. He has been in the forefront of every progres sive move, a leader in all of the varied activities of this very remarkable lit tle city of ours. This paper does not agree with W. D. Symmes politically, but it gladly testifies to his high personal worth, his ability, fairness and the sincerity of purpose which has impelled him to take a leading part in the organiza tion of the new party. The honor which has been conferred upon him came unsought and we know that he ranks, but his comrades in the new party movement drafted him for ac tive work, and he is no shirker, it matters not in what capacity he is serving. If the voters of Montana should, on the fifth of next November, elect W. D. Symmes as their lieutenant gov ernor, he will perform the duties of that posit ion with ability a nd credit WALSH FOR SENATOR. Anaconda Standard: This fall for the first time the people of Montana will have the opportunity of express ing at the polls their preference among candidates for United States senator. The democrats have placed on their ticket the name of T. J. Walsh as the party's choice for senator, and if he receives the majority of the votes of the people of the state in November, the state legislature will undoubtedly ratify the people's preference and elect him senator. It may be doubted if there is a man prominent in the political life of the state more fitted to represent this state in the upper chamber of congress than is Mr. Walsh. For many years he has been one of the leaders in the thought of the state and one of the most active men in the democratic party. His great ability and splendid attainments fit him pre-eminently for the position of senator. Doubtless, Mr. Walsh would have been chosen to represent this state in the United States senate by the legislative ses sion of 1910 but for the fact that, for reasons doubtless best known to him self, Mr. Walsh saw fit to antagonize the Silver Bow delegation in that leg islative body by vigorously opposing W. W. McDowell, Silver Bow's candi date for speaker of the house. The Silver Bow men joined hands with the Conrad supporters and thus another was chosen Instead of Mr. Walsh, and his election to the senate was de ferred. What differences arose at that time it is believed have passed away. So far as known, there is no disposition to renew old fights or reopen old sores. The democratic party has a splendid victory ahead of it and no old differ ences should be permitted to jeopar dize that victory. Democrats should work together with greater unanimity than ever before to bring about the election of the entire ticket in this state, and it is the belief of the Stand ard that that is what democrats will do. Mr. Walsh well deserves the honor of election to the United States senate, and it may be confidently pre dicted that he will be chosen by an overwhelming popular vote vote WILSON'S GREAT SPEECH. New York World: Woodrow Wil son's speech of acceptance is the ablest, clearest, sanest statement of high public purpose this country has known in a generation. Without passion, without invective, without abuse, without partisan bitter ness, without denunciation, without egotism, without demagogy, he has driven straight to the heart of the su preme issue of American institutions —the partnership . between Kovero - ment and privilege. ° " Every great conflict within the such a partnership, Federalism was destroyed under the leadership of Jefferson because fed eralism had become a partnership be lifetime of the republic has hinged upon this one question Every great reform marking a milestone in the political progress of the American people has forced the dissolution of tween the government and a small class of property-owners. The democratic party swept into power under Jackson because the government had entered into partner-, ship with the United States bank and its financial allies. Under Lincoln the republican party obliterated the partnership of govern ment and slave-owners in "the might iest struggle and the most glorious v ictory as yet recorded in human an nals." It was the government's partnership with a shameless plutocracy which re habilitated the democratic party un der the leadership of Tilden. Because of the government's long partnership with privilege under the McKinley, Roosevelt and Taft administrations, we are face to face with the old issue in a new form. Again we have what Governor Wilson rightly describes as "an awakened nation impatient of par tisan make-believe." THE VERMONT STRAW. The result of the state election in Vermont, held last Tuesday, indicates most forcibly the trend of political af fairs in this country. The returns car ried nothing but satisfaction to the democrats, gloom to the republicans and limited elation to the bull moosers. One thing demonstrated beyond any question is that no democrats are go ing into the independent party move ment, but that the new party is going to make tremendous drafts on the ranks of the republicans. Four years ago Taft received 39,552 votes in Ver mont. Last Tuesday the republican candidate for governor received 26,100, a loss of 13,452. Four years ago Bryan received 11,496 votes in that state, and last Tuesday the democratic candidate for governor received 20,100, a gain of 8,604. The Roosevelt candidate for governor this year received 15,550 votes, but it is very evident that these practically all came from the republi can party, since the democrats also made a very substantial gain. If the Vermont election is a correct index of what will probably happen in November, that state will be about the only one in the union which Taft has much of a chance to carry, and even Vermont is not considered hopeless by the democratic campaign leaders. ROOSEVELT KNOWS BETTER. St. Louis Republic: Roosevelt says: I have no sympathy with the pro posals to limit the contributions to $5, 000 or $10,000, or any other sum. If the virtue of a party is such that it will weaken if the contribution is over $10,000, it will also weaken if it is un der $10,000. It is morally as bad to solicit or accept $10 for improper rea sons as $10.».. This is a more or less ingenious at £ Fergus County s F air Should be attended by every farmer in the County at some time during the week, and we want to extend a hearty invita tion to all farmers to make their Headquarters at the Fergus County Hardware Company We will take pleasure in showing you around our big new store and giving you all the information you desire about the fair* EXHIBIT AT THE FAIR We also have an exhibit at the fair grounds that will be worth your while to inspect, and we will have a man in charge who will take pleasure in giving attention in the way of explaining anything you want to know in connection with our exhibit* When you visit the fair, don't fail to come in and see us whether you want to buy or not* We will consider your visit on this occasion more of a social nature than one of business. ♦: :: :j :: FERGUS COUNTY HARDWARE COMPANY FOURTH AVENUE NORTH tempt to fog up a perfectly plain prin j ciple, ^ universally recognized among decent people. The amount of money ; which a gift represents is a vital point in morals. Any self-respecting woman, for example, may receive from a man friend a dish of ice cream—but not a week s board. What is the difference? None, according to the Oyster Bay Pecksniff. "O my hearers, is virtue a question of the difference between a 10-cent dish of ice cream and a $7 board bill?" As a matter of plain, or dinary common sense it is. The dif . __________ ference between decency and corrup I tion ues in just such crude distinctions i as that. Theodore Roosevelt knows all this just as well as anybody else, i But he is the age's chief expert in the kind of pious political platitudes which, stripped of their sophistry and | cant, are simply excuses for the old crooked practices of bossism and j graft, Our esteemed contemporary gives an impressive list of the reforms ac complished during the Taft adminis tration. It, of course, failed to men tion that most of the most important of those measures were first passed up to President Taft by a democratic house of representatives. It failed also to observe that the president vetoed tariff bils which, if enacted in to law, would save the people of this nation $450,000,000 annually, that sum now going into the pockets of the favored few whom President Taft is so generously protecting by his vetoes. Col. E. J. Crull, the miraculous ora tor of the Musselshell, has been nomi nated by the republicans as their can didate for the state legislature. Should Col. Crull, through any chance, be elected, it might be necessary, before the end of the 60-day session, to make some repairs on the granite walls of the state capitol, for it is inconceivable that any structure could stand up un impaired before the detonations of his booming eloquence for any such period of time. With Roy E. Ayers and E. K. Chea dle as the opposing candidates for judge of the Tenth judicial district, the contest this fall for that distin guished position will be cleanly and fairly fought and free from any dis agreeable or discreditable episodes. Although this paper is heartily for Mr. Ayers, it recognizes the learning and fitness of Judge Cheadle. Both are good men and may the best one win. Business is manifesting a most grati fying refusal to become in the slight est degree panicky over the political situation. With several thousand pa triots vociferously announcing them selves as ready, willing and anxious to save the country, business doubt less feels that there is little need for alarm over the future and is going right ahead at the old stand and in the same old way. Joseph L. Asbridge, democrat, and Dan Slayton, republican, are likely to be the opposing candidates for state senator in Musselshell county If the voters of the new conn ™ only give some attention to the records made by the two gentlemen during the last session of the state legislature, of which both were members from Fer gus county, Asbridge will win hands down. Teddy says that it is all nonsense to limit campaign contributions to $5, 0000 or $10,000 or any otner sum. In other words, those friends of Roose velt, the steel trust, the harvester trust and the big insurance companies, are assured that the bars are down and tney are cordially invited to walk right in with checks of any old size. Some day, when he is feeling in a literary frame of mind, Lieutenant Governor Bill Allen might sit down with pen in hand and dash off a lit tle pamphlet on "The Influence of Cor porations on Montana Politics, or Why 1 Got It in the Neck." Lewistown presents her compli ments to Dillon, and desires to state that, while the southern Montana city has a mighty fine baseball team, the great central Montana town has a bet ter one. The Ananias club membership has grown so rapidly of late that it will be necessary to secure larger quarters. In addition to those already admitted, there are many on the waiting list. The colonel came and saw, but will, perforce, have to waft for some sixty days before ascertaining about the conquered business. Now is the time for all good people to come to the county fair. Meredith Nicholson, the novelist, and Brand Whitlock, the mayor of Toledo, are very warm friends. Pos sibly their friendship is based on the attraction of opposites, for their ex periences in life have been as different a scould be. Whitlock is self-made; he is a good mixer and knows all sorts and conditions of men. Nicholson has never gone far from his own social circles. Some time ago Nicholson said to Whitlock: "Brand, I envy you. You come in contact with all kinds of men. You actually know and talk to burglars and other criminals. All I know about them is what I read or imagine about them. Now the next time you meet a good burglar I want you to send him to me. Give him a card to me, and tell him I will pay his car fare and expenses. I want to talk to him and see how a criminal differs from other men." Whitlock promised to send along the next good specimen of a burglar that came his way, and forgot all about the matter until some weeks later he received this letter from Nicholson: "Your friend came, but I had not ex pected him professionally. If you will tell him to bring back the family plate and Mrs. Nicholson's jewels, you and I will resume social relations."