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1ABDR DAY ADDRESS DEMOCRATIC PRESIDENTIAL CAN DIDATE EXPLAINS POSI TION ON ISSUES. Buffalo, N. Y., Sept. 2.—Governor Woodrow Wilson today analyzed the third party platform in Its relation to the laboring man. The occasion of his speech was a labor day celebration un der the auspices of the United Trades and Labor council. It was the first expression from the democratic candidate on the merits of the progressive platform. The gover nor said that while on the one hand was to be found there "warm sym pathy with practically every project of social betterment," that part was merely "a proclamation of sympathy," while the real program lay elsewhere "where the tariff and the trusts are spoken of." The governor assailed the minimum! wage idea, declaring that employers! would take occasion to bring their wage scale as nearly as they could down to the level of the minimum per-! mitted by the law. With the idea of a federal commis sion to regulate monopoly the gover nor took emphatic issue. He declared that the plans suggested not only would legalize monopoly, but give the chief employers of the country a "tre mendous authority behind them." "What the employers do will have the license of the federal govern ment, including the right to pay wages approved by the government," said Governor Wilson He pointed out that it always had been the policy of "masters of the con-; solidated industries" to undermine or ganized labor in a great many ways and that a plan of federal control as advocated by the new party "sys tematically subordinates workingmen to monopolies" and "looks strangely like economic mastery over the very lives and fortunes of those who do the daily work of the nation." Continuing, Governor Wilson said in part: "Intelligent workingmen will ask the men now seeking their votes what they may be expected to do for them. I do not mean for them separately, but! what they may be expected to do for the country which will entitle them to the confidence of those who perform; the daily labor which lies at the basis' of all our life. Answers Turn on Tariff. "Most of the answers they get will turn upon the question of tariff duties, from which our politicians never seem able to get away. On the other hand, they will be told that if the democrats get into power they may look to see industry languish and wages go down and employment become harder and harder to find. They forget that dem ocrats constitute something like half the nation; that democrats are en gaged in occupations of every kind, depend upon all sorts of business for their livlihood, share in every enter prise of the country. It may safely be taken for granted that democats are not going to destroy themselves eco nomically. "These uncomfortable predictions come both from the old-line republi cans and from those republicans of; - • 1 the new departure who are seeking to build up a third party of their own. From republicans of the old line these forecasts of disaster were to be ex pected. They have long been their stock in trade, but they were hardly to have been expected from those who had cut themselves loose from the old er connections and who were boldly working to make new things out of old. And yet the predictions of the leaders of the new party are as alarm ing as the predictions of the veriest standpatters. There is stimulating breath of hope in every part of the platform of the new party, except that wnich touches the tariff and the trusts. "In fact, there is this very singular feature about the platform of the new party. It has two sides and two tones. It speaks warm sympathy with prac tically every project of social better ment to which men and women of broad sympathies are now turning j with generous purpose, and on that ' side it is refreshing to read. But that is not the part of the platform that reads like a program. It is a procla-, mation of sympathy, rather an indica-1 tion of the direction in which the lead ers of the party would fain sometime move. The program lies elsewhere where the tariff is spoken of and the trusts. In that portion of the docu ment there is an air of business and a very definite indication of what is I intended to be done and by what; means. The Roosevelt Program. "It may be interpreted in the light | of some interesting things Mr. Roose velt has recently said. Mr. Roosevelt declares his devoted adherence to the principle of protection. He declares he is not troubled by the fact that a i very large amount of money is taken out of the pocket of the general tax payer and put into the pocket of cer tain classes of protected manufactur y's, but that he is concerned that so I little of this money gets into the pockets of the employees. I have! searched his program very thorughly ! for an indication of what he expects to do in order to see to it that a larger proportion of this 'prize' money gets I have into the pay envelope and found only one suggestion. "There is a plank in the program which speaks of establishing a mini mum or living wage, for women work ers, and I suppose that we may as-; sume that the principle is not in the long run meant to be confided in his application to women alone. Perhaps we are justified in assuming that the third party looks forward to the gen eral establishments by law of a mini mum wage. It is very likely, I take it for granted, that if a minimum wage were established by law the great ma jority of employers would take oc casion to bring their wage scale as nearly as might be down to the level of that minimum ,and it would be very awkward for the working man to re sist that process successfully because it would be dangerous to strike against the authority of the federal govern-, ment. "Moreover, most of his employers, at any rate, practically all of the most powerful of his employers, would be wards and proteges of that very gov ernment which is the master of us all. The government is to set up a com mission whose duty it will be, not to' ceck or defeat it, but only to regulate. it under rules which it is itself to de-| velop. So that the chief employersj will have this authority behind them; what they do they will have the li cense of the federal government to do, including the right to pay the wages approved by the government. Attitude Toward Labor. "And it is worth the while of the workingmen of the country to recall what the attitude toward organized labor has been of these masters of in dustries whom the federal government Is to take under its patronage as well as under its control. They have al ways been the stout opponents of or Sanized labor and they have tried to undermine it in a great many ways, Some of the ways they have adopted have worn the guise of philanthropy ar, d S°°d will and have no doubt been used, for all I know, in perfect good faith. Some of them have set up sys terns of profit-sharing, of compensa tion for injuries and of bonuses and even pensions, but every one of these P laas has merely bound their working men more tightly to themselves, "Their rights under these various ights arrangements are not legal rights. They are merely privileges which they enjoy so long as they remain in the employ and observe the rules of the great industries which employ them. If they refuse to be weaned away from independence they cannot continue to enjoy the benefits extend ed to them. "When you have thought the whole thing out, therefore, you will find that the program of the new party legalizes monopolies and systematically subor dinates workingmen to them and to Pl ans made by the government both w ^h regard to employment and with regard to wages. By what means, ex ce Pt upou revolt, could we ever break the crust of our life again and become ''' ee men, breathing an air of our'own chosing and living lives that we wrought out for ourselves? Perhaps this new and all-conquering combina tion between money and government would be benevolent to us, perhaps it would carry out the noble program of social betterment which so many credulously expect of it, but who can assure us of that? "Who will give bond that it will be general and gracious and pitiful and righteous? What man or set of men can make us secure under it by tl(;ir empty promise and assurance that it will take care of us and be good? "It is like coming out of a close and stifling air into the open, where we can breath fully again and see the free spaces of the heavens above us, to turn away from such a program, the identical program suggested to com mittees of congress by Mr. Gary and Mr. Perkins, to the proposals with which the great democratic thinkers of the country offset and oppose such a platform. Democratic leaders turn away from any plan to legalize monop oly and give a federal commission leave to say how much of it there should be because they know exactly what they would mean. What they promise is the restoration of freedom. What we need is the regulation of competition and the prosecution of what has created monopoly. When y°» have regulated it you have in ef feet restored it." "Willow Plumes." The willow-plume-making industry is only about five years old, but seems to have come to stay. The industry has grown enormously, and the largest concerns devoted exclusively to this business are in St. Louis, Kansas City and New York. The number of expert workers employed run well up into the hundreds. Girls and women are for the most part employed, as they do the work more quickly and neatly. In making a willow-plume, the fibres on botli sides of the central stem of the feather are trimmed to an equal length, then, from another feather of corresponding size and color, the fibres are cut away close up to the central stem. The nimble fingers of the operator picks one of the fibres from the pile and with a quick twist of her skilful fingers knots the two ends—the fibre on the stem, and the loose libre, taken from the pile—to gether, then snips off the knotted ends so the knot is scarcely distinguish able. If the fibres are short, several may be knotted together, and nothing is wasted. Where but two fibres are joined, the plume is known as a single knotted plume; where more than two knots are made, it is a double, or triple-knotted plume, and where an ex tra large, sweeping plume is made, as many as five extra flues are knotted together. In these knotted plumes, | several feathers, according to sweep of the flues, are used. After having passed through a thorough examina tion, it is curled and placed on the market. Many plumes are made from i the old, cast-off plumes, and if they are skilfully knotted, they are as val uable as the new plumes, and will wear as well as new stock. No mat ter how worn, and apparently worth I less the old plumes, they can be reno vated and made into a thing of beauty; if of different colors, they can be ! cleaned and all dyed of one color, and any woman who has a few discarded plumes can, at a comparatively small cost, possess one of those beautiful creations, beautiful, shape-holding. durable and 'i Charles M. Schwab tells a story about a type of man he often meets, the s °rt he calls the "other-people's i business-man." 1 "1 overheard a conversation be j tween one of these men and a large, 1 prosperous-looking gentleman. It was j in a smoking-car. They were sitting together. "After a few puffs of his cigar the inquisitive man inquired of his neigh bor, 'How many people work in your office?' "The prosperous-looking gentleman slowly bit the end off of a fresh cigar, and buried himself in his paper as he replied: 'At a rough estimate I should say about two-thirds of them.' " News ol Our Nei ghbors Items of Interest to Our Readers Clipped From Our Contemporaries STANFORD. (Stanford World.) John S. Riley, owning a ranch ad joining the townsite of Windham, six miles from Stanford, has just com pleted the harvesting of sixty acres of winter wheat that threshed 2,250 bushels, machine measure, and lacked only a few pounds of weighing 2,400 bushels at the elevator. At the very low pirce of sixty-eight cents per bush el (the present market quotations), this yield means a gross return of over twenty-seven dollars per acre. We un derstand the Riley ranch is not for sale at any price, but computed on a basis of forty dollars per acre this crop would make a very substantial first payment, to say the least, on the value of the land. Mr. Riley states that this was the first crop, that the ground was plowed with a moldboard plow, was disked five and six times and harrowed twice before seeding, and was sown about the middle of Sep tember. It appears to be the general consensus of opinion, further borne out by the threshing and elevator re turns as each year's crop is harvested and marketed, that the farmer who takes pains, the man who resorts to careful farming methods, takes the necessary time to prepare the seed bed as he knows he really ought to prepare it, and follows it up with seed ing at such time and in the manner that is becoming very generally recog nized as correct, appears to be as sure that his crop will be an aerage yield, at. least for the community, as they are in that section of the country designated the rain belt. Harry Raynsford, one of the three tramps accused of killing a brakeman at Boone, this state, on June 18, was arrested last Thursday at the Miller ranch, five and one-half miles south west of Benchland, where he was em ployed on a threshing machine. The arest was made by a Northern Pacific detective, Constable R. A. Chapman, of Benchland, and C. M. Glasser, of Coyote, who was deputized for the oc casion. The crime of which Raynsford is accused was the brutal killing of a Northern Pacific brakeman, who is supposed to have attempted to eject the three tramps from a box-car near Boone. The brakeman's revolver was taken from him and used by his as sailants in the killing, after which the body was thrown from the moving freight train into the Missouri river. The murderers immediately left the train and made their escape under cover of the brush and woods in that vicinity, completely covering their trail until some weeks later, when it was picked up at Vaughn, but at that time no incriminating evidence could be secured. One of the road's detec tives made Raynsford's acquaintance and left Vaughn as his partner, travel ing with him as a typical tramp. This program was followed for nearly two months, during which time the suspect was extremely reticent regarding his former movements, although constant ly showing that something was prey ing upon his mind. Evidence sufficient to convict was not secured by the de tective until last Thursday, when Raynsford said: "1 wisu I had not been where 1 was on June 18th." Follow ing this natural lead, the detective in quired into the man's trouble and soon had what he deemed sufficient proof to warrant making the arrest. Going into Benchland, ne secured a warrant and enlisted the service of Constable Chapman and Mr. Glasser, then re turned to the Miller farm and took Raynsford into custody. Raynsford made no resistance when the warrant was served, although expressing sur prise and entire ignorance of the crime. He is about 22 years of age, was comparatively well dressed and of good appearance. MOORE. (Inland Empire.) Sam and Avory Dehnert and Eugene Thurston expect to leave tomorrow for Missoula, where they will enter the University of Montana. W. L. Harmon, the fire insurance ad juster, was in the city yesterday from Butte. Mr. Harmon states that the in surance on buildings in the business portion of the city will be reduced in a short time. While here he also rec ommended to C. M. Clary that he put in a fire wall about 18 inches high on the top of his new building along the south wall of the Willard Drug store, so as to ward off any fire from that side, thereby greatly reducing his in surance. He also recommended other improvements along these lines, to which Mr. Clary will no doubt comply. Sunday the Moore Auto company re ceived a shipment of three "Warren Detroit" cars. One is of the roadster type, while the others are touring cars. During the past week Mr. Hendricks has taken orders for three "Inter States," which have been shipped from the factory. The purenasers are Jack Skelton, of Stanford, and Walter Sur face, of Moccasin, who will each re ceive a model "40," and jas. Weaver, of Stanford, a "30A." Elmer Snoks and Homer Maddox came in from the Arrow creek country the last of the week, returning home Sunday. Mr. Snoks brought over two nice samples of grain, which are now on exhibition at the Moore Land Agency office and which will be sent east for exhibition purposes. One is a bundle of oats grown on his own ranch, while the other is an excellent sample of flax raised on the Maddox place, which Mr. Snooks is also farm ing. Both are about as fine samples as we have seen this year and show that, as a farming country, Arrow creek is hard to beat. HOBSON. (Judith Basin Star.) Professor Glenn C. Smith arrived last Sunday from his home in Cuba, Illinois, where he has been spending the summer. Prof. Smith will again be in charge of our school, which fact will be appreciated by the scholars and their parents. While at work on the flour mill last Saturday morning, Manager Davidson ' and William Snider met with an ac cident that might have terminated worse than it did. One of the big tim bers for the frame of the second story fell, striking Mr. Davidson on the bead and Mr. Snider on the back, knocking them both off the scaffold on I which they were both working at the time, to the ground, a distance of about ten feet. Mr. Davidson escaped with a scalp wound and the loss of considerable blood, while Mr. Snider has a badly injured back, as well as several bad bruises, which kept him confined to his bed for several days. A deal was closed through the Wm. H. Brown Co. whereby J. M. Warden sold his fine ranch to John Brock, of Streator, 111. This ranch adjoins this city on the east and consists of 584 acres of fine land, with a good water right and considerable ditch upon the same. It is one of the finest ranches in the Basin and its closeness to this city adds to the value. The considera tion, we are informed, was $32,120, or $55 per acre. T. T. Maroney, the Great Falls avia-1 tor, was in Hobson last Friday ar ranging to give an exhibition in this city about September 17. Mr. Maroney uses a 75-horse-power Curtiss flying machine of the latest type and is planning on flying from Great Falls to Lewistown, making steps enroute at Stanford, Hobson and Moore. Nothing definite has been done in this city yet about the matter, but it is certain that if he makes the flight this city will be one of his stopping places. The Name America. We are told that the name of this continent was derived from that of a gentleman who wrote about It—Ameri-j cus Vespucius. His real name, how-j ever, was Vespucci, and Vespucius is the Latinized form of it, just as Amer ieus is supposed to be Latin for Ameri- j go. If the continent had been named for Columbus it would not, in all prob ability, have been named Christo pheria, but Columbia. Why, then, if Columbus was to be robbed of the honor, is the land not called Vespucia? The question, too, has been raised whether Vespucci's name was Ameri go. One authority claims that it was not. It is said tnat in a volume pub lished at Milan only nine years after the death of Vespucci his name is given as Albertatio. It is, of course, possible that this was a misprint, though such an error would be un likely to occur on a title-page, even in those days. One unique theory is the name America was not derived from Ves pucci's name at all, but that it came from a Celtic word, imrich, which means to emigrate. However the name may have been derived, it is cer tain to stand. The whole world, ex cept France, calls this country Amer ica, and spells the name one way. This uniformity is true of no other great country. Deutschland is Ger many to the English and Allemagne to the French. England is Angleterre to the French and Inghilterra to the Italians. France is Frankreich to the Germans and Francia to the Spaniards. Espagna is Espagna to the Italians and Spain to the English, and so on. But America is America, with prac tically the same pronunciation to all the world, except France, where it becomes Amerlque.—New York Press. I George Ade is a student of the 1 whimsical facts of life and manners. 1 The following story is one of his: I "A missionary in the South Seas I was much distressed because his j dusky parishioners were nude. He de-! cided to try in a delicate manner to j get them to wear a little more clothing j of some sort, so he left a number of j pieces of scarlet, green and yellow j calico lying around his hut, thinking j it would surely appeal to their sense: of color. "One afternoon an elderly dame called for spiritual advice. Her eyes rested on the calico enviously, and taking up a piece of the brightest red, the missionary said: 'I'll give this to you if you'll wear it.' "The woman draped the calico around her like a skirt and departed in great glee. The following day she returned, nude as before, with the calico under her arm. She handed it to the missionary, and said, sadly: " 'Me no can wear it, muster. Me too shy!' " James Hamilton Lewis, of Chicago and elsewhere, relates this story as a true one: "A delegation from Kansas once visited Theodore Roose velt at Oyster Bay when he was presi dent. The president met them. His coat and collar were off, and he was mopping his brow. "Ah, gentlemen,' he said, 'delighted to see you. Dee-iighted. But I'm very busy putting in my hay just now. Come down to the barn and we'll talk things over while I work.' "Down to the barn hustled the presi dent and the delegation. But where was the hay? "'James!' shouted the president, 'James! where's all the hay?' Great RailRoad Development <1 Is sure to advance the price of city property. Now is the time to invest in vacant lots m Park Addition. ? There " but one Park in Lewistown and that is in Park Addition. The city is to spend $7,500.00 upon this park during the next three years; sufficient to make it A Garden o f Flowers and Shade. Could there be a better place for a home than one facing this Park? We have a few lots left so situated. Prices from $300 to $7SO per lot Terms: One-third cash, balance to suit purchaser EMPIRE LAND & INVESTMENT COMPANY % Phone 456 EXCLUSIVE AGENTS Phone 456 " 'I'm sorry, sir,' called James from up in the loft, "but I ain't had time to throw it back since you threw it up for yesterday's delegation.' " Senator Albert B. Cummins had been piloting a constituent around the capitol building during a recent ses sion. Finally, having work to do on the floor, the senator conducted his charge to the senate gallery and left him to wait. After waiting for what seemed to him a terribly long time, the con stituent approached a gallery door keeper. "My name is Dunlap," the visitor said to the fellow, "and I'm goin 'out ter git a drink. I thought I'd better tell you so I can git back. I'm a friend of Cummins'." "All right," replied the doorkeeper, "but in case I'm not here when you come back and to prevent any mis take, I'll give you the senate pass word." In great astonishment Dunlap in quired, "What's the word?" "Idiosyncrasy." "What?" "Idiosyncrasy," repeated the door keeper soberly. "I guess I'll stay in," said the visi tor, "an' wait fer Cummins." Didn't Give Him Time to Cackle. The new schol ma'am of a country school was introducing the "barn-yard game" to the pupils during the recess period one winter's day. "Each of you," she exclaimed, "must represent some barn-yard animal or fowl." The children entered heartily into the game, and soon tne room resound ed with a medley of neighs, bawls, grunts, crqws and other sounds in imi tation of horses, cows, pigs.s roosters, etc. During all this time one little fellow over in the corner had not moved nor uttered a sound. "Johnnie, what's the matter? Why don't you join in the game?" the teach er asked. "Sh!" says Johnnie, "I'm laying an egg." Bughouse. A traveling man lately wandered in to a remote hotel that doesn't keep a dictionary, and on coming down in the morning was asked by the landlord how he rested. "Oh," replied the gentleman, "I suf fered nearly all night from insomnia." The landlord was mad in a minute, and roared: "I'll bet you two dollars there ain't one in my house!" AMERICA'S FAVORITE BEVERAGE More Budweiser is used in American homes than any other two brands of bottled beer combined. This proves that its superiority is recoa mze< every' where Budweiser bottled only at the home plant with crowns or corks ANHEUSER-BUSCH BREWERY ST. LOUIS Fred Pierre Distributor Lewistown Montana HOW HISTORY IS DISTORTED Russian Text-Book Shows Curious In stance of Tampering With French History. Reasons of church, state or other policy hare frequently caused the scholars of one country to tamper with the history of another with which It has been intimately connected. A curious Instance of such a distortion of FTench history was that found in a Russian textbook, used in all Russian public schools, and edited by a great Russian scholar, Ilovalski. The fol lowing may be cited as an Illustra tion: "Louis XVI. was a good and peace ful king. After a long and famous reign, In which he was most happy In his choice of minister of finance, he died quietly in Paris, beloved by all his people. His death was caused by a hemorrhage. "The successor of Louis XVI. was his son, Louis XVII. During his reign the brave royal army, commanded by General Napoleon Bonaparte, captured the larger part of the European con tingent for the French crown. But the faithless Napoleon showed ten dencies toward misusing his power, and was suspected of harboring dis honest schemes against the legitimate ruler. With the help of his majesty the emperor and autocrat of all the Russlas, his plans were frustrated, and he was deprived of all his posses sions, honors, and rights to a pension. He was then exiled to the island of St. Helena, where he died."—The Sun day Magazine. Prehistoric. "Oh, yes," Mrs. Smith told us, "my husband is an enthusiastic archaeol ogist. And I never knew it till yester day. I found in his desk some queer loking tickets with the inscription, 'Mudhorse, 8 to 1.' And when I asked him what they were, he explained to me that they were relics of a lost race. Isn't it interesting?" The Early Fly. Let all of us become "ny cops" with the opening of the fly season. "Cop" the fly—with swatters, poisons and traps. A pair of flies starting housekeeping in May will, barring "swats" and oth er accidents, have 1,911,000,000,000, 000,000,000,000 descendants by Septem ber.—Chicago Health Board Bulletin.