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CONSIDERABLE BUSINESS OF IN
TEREST TRANSACTED LAST NIGHT. OF TRE Mayor Marshall Given Leave of Ab sence for Thirty Days—City to Have Spring Cleaning Up Shortly— Garbage Collecting—The Auto Fire Truck Proposition. Mayor J. S. Marshall presided at the regular monthly meeting of the city council last night. The session was a shorter one than usual, but con siderable business was disposed of and the proceedings were not without in Treasurer's Report. The report of City Treasurer Bert d'Autremont for February showed that on March 1 there were balances in the various funds as follows: 1912 sewer fund, $39,321.83; fire fund, $2,101.42; library fund, $1,188.91; special im provement fund, $3,152.63; sinking fund, $17,045.73; endowment fund, $162.80; firemen's disability fund, $1, 005.34; park fund, $4,188.59, making a total of $68,167.25. Overdrafts were reported as follows: General fund, $3,279.19; road fund, $2, 811.90; waterworks fund, $4,682.94; sprinkling fund, $202.13; boulevard maintenance fund, $62.24; water con struction fund. $186.31, makftig a to tal of $11,224.71 and leaving a net balance of $56,942.82. The receipts during February amounted to $4,793.32, and came from the following sources: General fund, $1,818.86; road fund, $273.40; water works, $1,569.22; special improvement fund, $145.30; sinking fund, $986.54. The expenditures amounted to $10, 476.74, of which $3,559.13 was from the general fund, $308.75 from the road fund, $2,776.32 from the water works fund, $681.73 from the fire fund, $131WH! from the library fund, $1,761.60 from the special improvement fund, and $1,253.12 from the sinking fund, making a total of $10,476.76. Police Court. Police Judge E. W. Mettler report ed the collection of fines amounting to $37.50 during February. The city clerk reported the collec tion of $1,962.52 from water rents dur ing February. The National Realty company asked permission for the removal of the buildings at the corner of Main street and Fifth avenue, this being the site for the proposed joint building to be erected by the First National bank and the Lewistown Electric & Power company. Granted. The Garbage Ordinance. An ordinance amending the garbage ordinance was introduced and referred to the ordinance committee. It pro vides that any person other than the city garbage collector who engages in the business of garbage hauling shall be deemed guilty of a misdemeanor, and upon conviction, shall be fined in any sum not exceeding $300, or by im prisonment not exceeding 90 days, or by both, but the provisions of the or dinance are not to apply to any per son hauling his own garbage or refuse. To Clean Up City. Alderman Abel, in this connection Time was when pictures were a luxury for the favored few. Modern Photography Has changed conditions Our children are growing up, but we can keep them as they are— can always be with them and have them with us in pictures. Make the appointment today. JUmfcranbt 403 Main St. Lewistown said it would soon be time to have a general cleaning up of the streets and alleys, as well as the back-yards. He wanted to see this taken up as soon as the ground became dry. The present garbage contract ex-| pires May 1, and Alderman Abel said he was satisfied that the better way to handle the garbage was for the city to do it, making a uniform charge for the service. He had seen such an ar rangement and it worked perfectly. Mayor Marshall and the other mem bers of the council concurred in this view. The usual monthly bills and pay rolls were audited and ordered paid. Mayor Marshall was granted leave of absence for thirty days. Auto Fire Truck. M. M. See, of Spokane, represent ing the Webb company, manufacturing auto fire trucks, which have been pur chased by Anaconda and Bozeman, was present at the meeting and in formally met the mayor and aldermen. Mr. See is on his way to Spokane from a visit to the factory and stopped over to inquire into the local situation. Fire Chief J. C. Bebb last evening received a letter from J. H. Brans comb, of Butte, secretary of the board of underwriters, in which he stated that if Lewistown purchased an auto truck it would probably bring about reduction in the insurance rate here. Chief Bebb estimates that such a re duction as would be granted would result in a saving in insurance of from $5,000 to $7,000 a year taking the city at large. For Bond Election. The registration of taxpayers for the coming city bond election, April 7, will begin Monday, March 31, and continue until Tuesday, April 1, with an extra day on Saturday, April 5. Art d'Autremont is the registry agent and will be found at the Fad on each of the days stated. E (Continued from page one.) Symines said he had not sought tlie nomination at any time, but so many had urged him to take it that he had concluded to do so if the convention deemed it wise to name him. Judge Cheadle created much merri ment by reminding Mr. Symmes that it was a greater honor to be "mayor of Lewistown than lieutenant governor of Montana." Cromer for Treasurer. But one name was presented for the endorsement for treasurer, Roy Cromer. He was nominated by J. E. Lane, who stated that he was a well known young attorney and had ac quired much knowledge of the duties of the treasurer through his work as special attorney in connection with the collection of special improvement assessments. Mr. Cromer was chosen by unanimous vote. Judge Roy E. Ayers and E. G. Worden placed in nomination for the office of police magistrate the present incumbent, E. W. Mettler, who was the unanimous choice of the conven tion. The Aldermen. The voters then assembled by wards and proceeded to select candi dates for aldermen. In the First ward two were chosen, owing to the resignation recently of Dr. S. E. Brice. Alderman Emil Saxl would undoubt edly have been renominated except for his positive statement that he did not care to serve another term. Mr. Saxl will be away from the city for several months and on this account his wishes were respected. The can didates chosen were Harry J. Kelly and Bert d'Autremont. In the Second ward George J. Wiedeman was the unanimous choice. In the Third ward Alderman Tom Berkin was renominated. Committees Selected. Upon reassembling, Chairman Chea dle was instructed to appoint a com mittee to attend to the filing of peti tions and take care of all other re quirements imposed under the new law. He named E. G. Worden, Ed Baker and John F. Abel. The city committee was next select ed, being made up as follows: First ward—Julian Sutter, Clifford Miller, Paul Taber. Second ward—Jesse Pinkley, Chris Kottlesen, John F. Marshall. Third ward—V/. F. Sheehan, H. L. DeKalb, E. C. Russel. ROY AND FOREST GROVE. They Will Be the First Townsite Sales by Milwaukee Land Company. Next Saturday afternoon the first townsite sales in the list of new towns along the Milwaukee will be held at the Bijou theater at 2 p. m„ when lots in Roy and Forest Grove will be of fered. There is sure to be a sharp de mand for lots in these two towns, which are looked upon as having an assured future. The Milwaukee Rail road company has decided to go right ahead with the construction of the Roy line, so that it will be the scene of great activity this year. The rails are already down about half way to Forest Grove, which is twenty-two miles southeast of Lewistown and the center of a rich country that is al ready well developed. Blodgett Is Secretary. The directors of the new Chamber of Commerce met last week, and se lected Louis D. Blodgett as secretary, to succeed G. E. Mathews, who has resigned to engage in the real estate business at the end of this month. Mr. Blodgett is a first-class office man and in addition has had several years of practical experience in farming here and is considered specially quali fied to carry on the work of the cham ber successfully. Back From the Eaat. Dr. J. T. Brice returned home last Saturday from New York City, where he spent two months in post-graduate work. DIVISIONAL (Continued from page one.) be vacated as requested. Yours truly, C. A. GOODNOW, Assistant to the President. Will Be Here Shortly. Mr. Goodnow will be in Lewistown about the middle of this month. He is due in Great Falls on Saturday, March 15, and it is not known whether he will come to Lewistown first or run over here after visiting the Falls. Mr. Goodnow will llnd that very rapid progress is being made on the construction of the line from here to the river as well as on the bridge over the Judith. As to the activity at the other end, the following from the Great Falls Leader will be of interest: "At noon today, with Harry Hessling in charge as general foreman, a gang of 20 men started laying steel for the temporary tracks over which Twohy Bros, will start the construction of the Chicago, Milwaukee & St. Paul's main line through this city. The first rail was placed at a point near tfie Royal mill. Last night John Twohy, senior partner of the construction company, with Treasurer John Hamp shire and James W. Maitland, office manager, arrived, and, with Foreman Hessling, began early this morning the assembling of the force for the construction work. This army of laborers will be increased as the work progresses and expands. Twohy Bros, will establish an office in the Tod block. It is the plan of the contract ing concern to push the work of lay ing steel on the temporary track as rapidly as possible, reaching the Eleventh street crossing as soon as the heavy working equipment, which is now enroute from the coast, has been laid down here. This equipment consists of standard gauge engines, cars and steam shovels. At the Eleventh street crossing of the Great Northern railway the conractors will start driving piling for the long trestle which will extend to the Missouri river. When the construction of the trestle is completed the steam shovels will be installed at the point where the cut is to be made east of the cross ing, and the material taken from this hill will be moved by train to make the grade of which the trestle will be the center." The Day of Big Things. The Oklahoman: Engineers have expended so many million dollars dur ing the past decade that the great pub lic accomplishments of the days gone by dwindle by comparison with the doings of the present. Panama claims the honor as the most expensive public improvement of the present day. The subways and terminals at New York represent some hundreds of millions of dollars, and no undertaking seems too big, nor too costly, to attract the attention of the skill and the money of those who have a fondness for constructing something bigger than has ever been constructed before. One of the greatest feats of engi neering in this country is the damming of the Mississippi at Keokuk. There has been no bottomless purse of Uncle Sam to supply the funds. It is a pri vate enterprise, with the aim of de veloping a water power several times greater than any heretofore under taken by the hand of man. The huge steel gates are being put in place, to complete a lock to with stand a third more pressure and effect a lift one-third higher than at the Gatun locks. The Keokuk lock is, like that at Panama, 110 feet wide, but it will lift 40 feet as compared with 28 feet 4 inches at Panama. The gates weigh a million pounds. The water pressure against them at the bottom of the lock is 2,500 pounds to t he square foot. The two gates meet in the middle, each a network of steel ribs. They are nearly It feet thick, with a foot walk along the top. A compressed air engine of forty horse power operates the gates. The United States has no monopoly of great enterprises. The Brazilian government is now preparing to build a dam at Oros in Ceara state which will create the largest reservoir at present built. The dam will be about 165 feet high, and the barrage will have twice the capacity of that at Assouan over the Nile. The reser voir or basin will be about fifty miles long. The Eng'ish, in the valley of the Nile, are also attempting tremendous enterprises. The Blue Nile is to be dammed by a private syndicate near Cennar, to irrigate some 500,000 acres for growing cotton and cereals. An enormous barrage is planned by the government over the White Nile, using $15,000,000 in works to irrigate 500,000 acres of cotton lands from the Wh.te Nile and 200,000 more from the Blue Nile. To connect and utilize these great works additional railroads will be built, and from the area a great poulation, probably of two mil lion people, will draw their support, Too Tender With It. Newark Star: A physician tells a story of a philanthropic doctor in a Pennsylvania coal-mining town who presented each household with a nice thermometer and told the people the necessity of maintaining proper tem perature. When making his rounds one day he observed his thermometer hanging in the room. He inquired of the woman of the house if she had re membered his instructions. "Indeed, sir, I do," was the response. "I hang the thing right up there and I watch It carefully to see it does not get too high." "Good!" exclaimed the doctor. "And what do you do when the temperature rises above 70 degrees?" "Why, sir," answered the woman, with the air of one faithful to a trust "wher it gets too high I take it down and hang it outside until it cools off 1 Fergus Medical 8ociety. At the regular monthly meeting of he Fergus County Medical associa tion held last evening the following officers were elected: Dr. A. C. Bid dle, president; Dr. E. S. Porter, vice president; Dr., A. W. Deal, secretary treasurer. Dr. C. C. Wallin was elect ed as delegate to the convention of the state medical society, with D. J. T. Foley as alternate. Treasurer Poland Now. Rufus Poland yesterday assumed his duties as county treasurer, relieving Grant Robinson, who has held the of fice four years. Mr. Poland has long been the deputy treasurer and is thor oughly familiar with all of the duties. M. J. Gosch is the deputy treasurer. Nearer the Perfect Man. New York Tribune: Man is hand somer, better housed, fed and clothed, more charitable and is more rarely as sailed with gout than in "ye olden times," according to Dr. John W. Wainwright, in "The American Practi tioner," out today. In fact, man has had on an average of six years added to his life in the last century. 'No doubt the stress and strain of life today are conducive to nervous complaints," says Dr. Wainwright, "as well as to arterial cardiac and gastro intestinal disturbances. And yet with all of this hurry one is amazed at the outward calm, the poise, of the man of affairs today. "We read that man is old and worn out at sixty, but statistics prove that the average length of life is between six and seven years longer than a century ago. "Wives and children are better cared for, better educated, dressed, en tertained, are healthier, happier, more beautiful than in the history of the world as we know it," the writer as serts. 4,000 Women Ministers. New York Press: There are more than four thousand women ministers the United States. Many of the state suffrage organizations are under the leadership of women ministers whose experience in the various mis sions have brought them, as they have brought settlement workers, into the suffrage ranks. m OF INTEREST TO FARMERS With the coming to this country last week of Aaron Aaronsohn, a young agronomist of Zichron Jacob, a Jewish colony of Palestine, there arrived the discoverer of "wild wheat," the long lost parent grain from which wheat as it is known today was derived, and for which agriculturists have vainly sought for centuries. The work of Mr. Aaronsohn and its importance to America especially, in view of the fact that, unlike other grains, it grows and spreads on dry, rocky areas now waste and uncultivated, is described in a current issue of the American Hebrew, says tne Boston Transcript. From numerous excavations made in Egypt and central Europe it had been concluded by scientists that wheat was the staple article of food for prehistoric man, as it is today. Wheat was cultivated in Egypt at least 4,000 years before the Christian era, and for as many years in China. Whence wheat came to man, however, or what was its original wild form which prehistoric man found and cul tivated, what was the true nature of this plant and how far cultivation for thousands of years caused it to deviate from its natural habits, puzzled agri cultural scientists and baflled answer. The ancients considered wheat as a gift of the gods. At the beginning of the last century authors attempted to clear the mystery surrounding the origin of wheat, but no convincing facts could be found. On account of the antiquity of its cultivation wheat had lost the natural faculty of dissem ination; reproduction of the species could be accomplished only through the interference of man. Count von Solms Lanbrech, a distinguished Aus trian cerealist, voiced the general opinion of scientists when about ten years ago he said that the genealogi cal annals of wheat must be consid ered as lost and that its archives could be reconstructed only by hypoth esis. "But the distinguished count was too easily discouraged," says the American Hebrew. "The prototype, the ancestor of wheat exists, and Mr. Aaronsohn, a young agronomist, raised in Zichron Jacob, a Jewish colony of Palestine, discovered it. "Professor Schweinfurth, known in the scientific world as the king of ex plorers, and several other eminent agronomists believed that wild wheat could be found in Mesopotamia or Palestine, and they urged Mr. Aaron sohn to undertake the search. In the year 1903 Mr. Aaronsohn started to explore northern Palestine, with the hope of finding the precious plant, but for three years he failed to find any trace of it. "On June 18, 1906, he was walking in the vineyard of the Jewish agricul tural colony, Rosli-Plnah, at the foot of Mt. Kenaan, when he noticed sud denly in the crevice of a rock an iso lated plant which, at first sight, looked like a stalk of barley, but which, on closer inspection, proved to be wheat, whose ripe spikelets could be detached from the brittle rachis by the slight est shake. The development of the head and grains was so perfect, so similar to the forms produced under cultivation at the present day, that the young agronomist could hardly be lieve that this was the wild prototype of wheat. "Extending his search farther north, Mr. Aaronsohn found numerous forms of the wild wheat growing in abund ance at the foot and on the slope of Mt. Hermon. Specimens of the discov ery were sent to Professors Schwein furth, Koernicke, Ascherson and oth ers, and the scientific world concluded that at last the long-sought ancestor of our wheat had been found. At first only the scientific and theoretic value of the discovery were taken into con sideration, but the subsequent studies of Mr. Aaronsohn convinced him that the wild wheat rarely appears on soils that have been cultivated for any pur pose. It grows upon the slopes of the most arid and rocky hills and in places exposed to the hottest rays of the eastern sun. "By selection and crossing of this wild cereal new races could be pro duced which would be very persistent and hardy. In this way the cultiva tion of wheat could be extended to regions hitherto barren because of the poor soil and the severity of the climate. "These facts appeared to the dis coverer to be of the utmost import ance. He thought of the vast areas of land that remained uncultivated be^ cause of their aridity—land that could be made fertile if this hardy race of wheat could be adapted to its aridity and cultivated there. These facts are set forth in a bulletin written by Mr. Aaronsohn and published by the bu reau of plant industry of the United States department of agriculture. Two years ago Mr. Aaronsohn visited America, where he met with a very enthusiastic and flattering reception from the officials of the department of agriculture. His observations at the experiment stations of the various states strengthened his belief that America might expect its most valu able agricultural introductions from the orient, since the oriental countries possess many of the wild types which our prehistoric ancestors utilized and which have since produced the culti vated crops of our time. According to Mr. Aaronsohn, the orient still remains unexplored and unknown as to its agricultural possi bilities. But, unfortunately, there were no agricultural colleges and ex periment stations in Palestine, the country in which Mr. Aaronsohn has spent his life and with whose agri cultural conditions he is so familiar. "The officials of the United States department of agriculture were im pressed by this need, and at the sug gestion of David Fairchild, agricul tural explorer of the United States de partment of agriculture, a Jewish agri cultural experiment station was found The Leader Store A. J. NANGLE. Proprietor MEN'S CLOTHING S ELECT your choice of extra fine casimeres and worsteds. Latest models; new weaves and'styles; extra quality and workmanship; at prices that will appeal to all. THE LEADER STORE MAIN STREET OPPOSITE P. O. Lewistown's Economy Center Man Works from sun to sun Woman 9 s Work is never done . At one time this was true, but the labor-saving machinery that men use today makes it unneces sary for them to work from sun to sun; and they accomplish a great deal more a great deal easier. T HERE is still a bigger differ ence in the change of the wom an's work who uses modem cook ing utensils, such as is found in our store. Not only can her work be done quicker, but more pleas antly and easier, to say nothing of the difference in the results of her cooking. F OR some purposes you want tin ware, for others graniteware; again copper and enameled ware or wooden ware. We have every article you want and the way you want it. TAKING into consideration the small expense of a properly equipped kitchen, the amount of time you spend in it, and how much depends upon your cooking, you can well afford to have the proper utensils for the work. Judith Hardware Cs. LEWISTOWN, MONTANA ed in 1910 in Halifa, Palestine. The station is financed by several Amer icanJ ews, with Julius Rosenwald as president, and has the moral support of the United States department of agriculture. "Mr. Aaronsohn was appointed di rector of that station. He has devoted the two years of its existence to its organization and to studies of oriental plants and crops that can be intro duced into America, and particularly to improving agricultural conditions in Palestine. The scope of his work is tremendous in its tasks and possi bilities. Palestine is a very fertile country naturally, but modern prog ress has not yet found its way into it. The plow which was used thousands of years ago is still used by the Arab farmers. Crops are raised year after year, the soil continually exploited, but no attempt made to renew or fer tilize it. "In the face of such conditions the Jewish experiment station is trying to introduce the progressive methods of agriculture. Modern implements are imported and demonstrations given to the peasants. Illustrated lec tures are delivered and experiments with different crops undertaken. In the short period of its existence the experiment station has already proved a blessing to the country, and a great future may be predicted for the work of this institution. "Is it not strange, nay, a providen tial coincidence, that this much-need ed station has been founded with American capital and American influ ence, so that one of the most ancient of countries is being regenerated and, so to say, resurrected, by the youngest but most enlightened of nations? It is gratifying to see that while other na tions have only their commercial ex pansion in view, seeing in the ancient and undeveloped countries only pos sible markets to be exploited and spoils to be shared, America is quietly helping in the rebirth of the Holy Land, thus fulfilling the highest duty of civilization—to give light and help to fellow-creatures."