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OF INTEREST TO FARMERS •---- [g Homesteaders plow the land in the spring sometimes, expecting to seed it in the fall, which is the best plan, since it is almost useless to sow spring crops late, but in order to count in a homestead proof the land must be seeded, says the Husband man. The government does not take into consideration whether it is good larming or bad farming. The law gives the officers of the law no lati tude in this matter. They are ex pected to follow it to the letter. It will, therefore, be seen that while better farming might dictate one prac tice, better homesteading dictates an other. The settler struggling for a title is called upon to seed his land now when there is little hope of his making a crop if he hopes to make a three-year proof this summer. The mere fact that he has the land ready to seed will not suffice. The law re quires that he seed it. And he can take his choice between seeding now and postponing his final proof. Poultry Brieflets. The brooder should be cleaned out every day, or there is great danger of the chicks getting sick by eating or inhaling the filth that accumulates every h,our. When hens lay double-yolked eggs they are too fat or have diseased ovaries. Such eggs will rarely hatch, so they must be used for cooking. Peed sparingly for a time. Do not forget that in the composi tion of an egg there is a great pro portion of water, and the laying hen can not produce eggs unless she has all the water she wants, and at the time she wants it. The sex of eggs can not. be fore C.C. JEFFREY Manufacturer of and Dealer in HARNESS SADDLES TURF GOODS Etc. All Repairs Given Prompt Attention Sign of the Big Collar 109 Main St. From our sanitary market will bi found juicy, tender and delicious it flavor. We are noted foi our superio' grade of home-rendered lard and smoked meats. ABEL BROS. WANTED BEEF HIDES SHEEP PELTS THE OLD RELIABLE Lewistown Hide & Fur Co. 207 Fifth Ave. A. L. Hawkins, Mgr. Will Sacrifice If taken at once, my new 30-60 I. H. C. Mogul Tractor with extension rims, new 6-bottom Avery Cockshult plow with both breaker and stubble bottoms and extra shares; new double-disc har row; 28 x 50 J. I. Case steel separator with all belts and everything complete. Cost $6,000; will take $2,700 and demonstrate. E. A. SMITH, Elso, Montana I told, not one of the old-time theories ! in this particular having been proved. ! So there is nothing in the theory that | a long, narrow, pointed egg will hatch ; a cockerel and a round, dumpish egg ! a pullet. Money in Hogs. Husbandman: At last, after forty | years, the people of Montana are be ginning to learn that the hog is the j greatest money maker on the list for small farms. The big cattle and sheep men are beginning to learn that they should raise hogs and make their own bacon. Since it has been dem onstrated that just alfalfa, sugar beets and some ground grain is all that is necessary to have. Hogs are very healthy in Montana. There is very little loss from disease. They are also very prolific and grow into money rapidly. For thirty years the cattle and sheep men of this state spent hundreds of dollars a year for hog meat to feed their help on, instead of raising it themselves. It now de velops that there is more money in raising hogs than in either cattle or sheep. The old-time owners of long ago are now raising hogs. Every sec tion of the state is raising hogs, and in ten years we will be self-sustain ing in the matter of bacon, ham and lard. Somehow, it is difficult to get the small owner to take the lead, but since the big owners are raising hogs on a large scale, killing from 40 to 200 head every winter, the small farmer is encouraged to raise hogs also. The hog is especially adapted to the small farm. The farmer can keep whatever number he can take care of. It pays if he only keeps two or three for home use, and he can easily turn off a thousand dollars' worth from a farm of 160 acres. The hog is just as essential to the Mon tana farm as it is to a farm in Mis souri, and we believe there is more money in them here than there. Profits in Rotation of Crops. An average profit of $8.02 per acre for six years is the result of the work on the North Dakota demonstration farm at Bathgate, says the agricul tural editor of the North Dakota Agri cultural College in a bulletin. To secure this result the crops were rotated as follows: Corn, wheat, bar ley, clover, wheat, oats and the land manured for the corn crop. The high est average net profit per acre was $15.57 in 1911, the lowest was $2.93 in 1909. The yields were about as good in 1912, but the price was enough lower to reduce the returns by $9.30 per acre, reducing the profit from $15.57 in 1911 to $6.26 in 1912. Clover has had a good deal to do with se curing these profits. It has returned on an average $33.24 per acre per year and that with an outlay of but $9.50 per acre. The average return lor wheat has been $18.90, but the cost of production was $10.25. With out the manure and the clover the wheat would not have yielded enough to make a profit of $S.65 per acre. The demonstration farm at New Salem has been run seven years. The rotation here consists of corn, fife wheat, oats, oats and peas, and maca roni wheat. The land is manured for the corn crop. The average net profit per acre for the seven years was $4.77; 1910 and 1911 showed a loss of $4.01 and $1.85 respectively. The profits in the other five years were sufficient to wipe out this loss and bring the average net profit to nearly five dollars. These results could not have been secured without the manure, the corn, and thorough work. The average profit per acre of macaroni wheat was $6.86. These results are from Bulle tin No. 104, North Dakota Experiment Station. W. R. Porter, superintendent of North Dakota demonstration farms, is the author. This is information that will prove of much interest to farmers and business men. "Dunmoving." Dakota Farmer: We read the other day of a farmer who had dragged his family from one loudly advei'tised state to another, till with the little he had left he had settled down upon a small farm near where he had for merly lived, and named it "Dunmov ing." Of all the good names for'a small farm home, we think this one of the best and most suggestive. It would save millions of dollars to the farm ers of the northwest if a majority of them would give their farms some such name, and then live up to it. And why do we say northwest? Simply because our northwest farm population are the greatest movers in the world. If not actually on the road or packing up, all too many of them are planning to go somewhere if only they "can sell," and usually if they have an at all good place, In a locality w-ith moisture enough to make farming safe, they do not have long j to wait. But no matter where these i people go, more or less wholly un expected difficulties and drawbacks j win be encountered, and they will, if j so fortunate as to be able to sell again, soon again be on the move. The fact that a middle-aged man is in the west at all, is pretty good proof that he has moved at least once, and this makes it just that much easier to move him again. How often we meet men in the far west who openly boast of the num ber of states they have lived in, and almost inariably, if we talk with them long enough, it will crop out that although they may be pretty well sat-j istied with where they happen to be just then, are really considering try ing some other place. For invariably, the ol'tener people move the more dis contended they become, and the more readily do they fall victims to the al lurements and allurers of far away lands. All this takes money; takes mil lions every year. It takes it not only in moving expenses, which count up enormously, but much time is lost, and worst of all, those who contem plate moving soon or sometime, never make the substantial or beautifying improvements, or take the same care ful care of their soil or stock that those do who mean to spend their days where they live, and to leave the sacred home acres to their chil dren when they are gone. "I'm a pil grim, and I'm a stranger. I can tarry hut a night"—seems to be stamped on everything as well as themselves. The ease with which the average American will let go the home acres will result, and is resulting, in but one thing. People from foreign lands who know what it means to own land in the old country and what it means to be caught without it, are fast be coming the land owners of this. And what does that mean? It means that the proud first owners of this country will soon be its tenants, its hired men, or else take their chances in the over crowded trades and professions of the half starved of our great cities. This is no time to part with the home acres. It is a time though, when most of them could well be divided up with the children or others, and more at tention be given to beautifying and enriching them, and to getting more of life out of them. A few, a very few, may do better, and eventually be better satisfied, if they sell and try the still farther west, but the great majority who part with what they al ready have, unless very poorly lo cated, will lose money, and regret bit terly that they ever let the old place go. "Dunmoving," though perhaps in invisible lettering, should be written above the door of every good farm home in the Dakota Farmer Empire. Boy Scouts Endorse Secretary Bryan's Total Abstinence Principles. A pleasing incident of the week was the visit of a company of Boy Scouts to Secretary Bryan, on which oc casion he said some good things con cerning total abstinence. The boys came to present the secretary with an engrossed copy of the following resolution: "Having just celebrated Mothers' Day, it is fitting and proper that we should enlist under our mothers' ban ner in the war against the demon of strong drink; therefore be it "Resolved, That we, Troop 16 of the Ingram Memorial Congregational church of Washington, D. C„ do here by endorse the action of our secretary of state in his brave stand against King Alcohol and his hosts." The secretary was highly pleased with the testimonial and thanked the Boy Scouts for the resolution. He said in part: "I appreciate the compli ment which you pay me in endorsing what I have done in regard to serv ing of liquor at the table. If since I have grown to manhood I had ever felt tempted to begin the drinking of liquor, I would have been restrained by the feeling that my act might in juriously affect some who looked to me for an example; and I have felt that more especially in public life, for as one becomes better known his example has a more far-reaching in fluence. I shall feel that I have not lived entirely in vain if by abstain ing from the use" of intoxicating liquors as beverages I have given strength to anyone to help him resist temptation." The new law in Washington, D. C., making drunkenness even when not accompanied by disorderly conduct, an offense to be followed by arrest and court disposition, becomes effective the first of next July. In the annual report of the District police depart ment, Superintendent Sylvester has for years contended for the establish ment of a hospital for the treatment of habitual cases, "and a ward at each station house where the same kind of cases could be taken in and temporarily receive medical attention, as experience shows that occasionally a death follows for want of immediate relief of that kind." He further says: "If it is adisable and important that our states expend millions yearly to check the ravages of tuberculosis, is it not just as important that as vigor ous a fight be made to cure inebriates, who can be counted by thousands where consumptives are counted by hundreds?" "Alcohol Is Death to Beauty of Mind, Body and Soul." When Lillian Russell, the actress, made this declaration in the course of a monologue at a Philadelphia theater a few days ago, the great audience from fit to gallery applauded. In ex plaining this demonstration of ap proal Miss Russell is reported by the North American of Philadelphia to have said: "People applaud that sentiment be cause they know it is true. Many of them know it to their great sorrow. There are few people in this world who haven't suffered in some way from alcoholic excesses. I don't mean that they suffered through their own act. but through the acts of others. "Reformed drunkards don't make all that applause. Various kinds of humanity contribute to the demon stration. For instance, mothers suf fering through the acts of children who have drunk to excess and worked their ruin; wives whose livtes have ' been made miserable by drunken hus bands—they constitute some of the people who applaud that remark. "'fes, and fathers who drink them selves and who know it is wrong and who dread the day when they will see their own sons and daughters drinking the vile stuff, they applaud that sentiment. I don't desire to preach in my monologue. It wouldn't seem ciuite in place, but I would like to go further than 1 really do. I've seen the ruin brought on by drink, seen it in end less variety, and if I dared I'd like to go out there on the stage and talk nothing else. "In my many years with the Weber and Fields shows I have seen good, sweet, healthy girls enter the chorus. Many of them had never tasted liquor. Many of them continued their good habits and succeeded. But the moving picture of the girl who starts with the supposed innocent drinks and finally cultivates the taste for wine and whisky is a pitiful thing to behold. "There are a thousand examples in the show business to prove that the girl who drinks can't last, that she will go to certain ruin, and go quickly. "It is the same in all other lines of worldly endeavor. The man or wom an who drinks falls by the wayside. The man or woman who leaves it alone continues to climb. "Thi> world is getting better be cause keen-minded men and women are using less alcohol. A wine sales man told me recently that the amount of champagne consumed these days is two-thirds less than It was ten years ago. Another champagne man that 1 know has decided to quit the business. There is not enough money in it. "There is less whisky drunk now than tormerly. Men in responsible positions have quit drinking. They don't dare drink because the people with whom they deal won't permit it. "A few years ago it was thought that some people had to drink. Nowa days it is different. There is no one in this age who has to drink, who is expected to drink, and there are countless thousands who daren't drink. Their position in life depends upon abstinence. * "Employers of men don't want em ployes who drink. The answer to the riddle is easy: A man who drinks moderately is in imminent peril of becoming a drunkard, and a drunkard is no good to himself or any one else." ooooooodo 6 6 dooo o o O o O LATEST FASHIONS NOTES. O O Q OOO <3 0 0 00000000000 The bolero jacket effect has capti vated Paris. There is a pronounced vogue for checked materials. Small coats continue to appear in a variety of shapes. Very smart indeed is sulphur-col ored linen this season. Many parasols are lined with silk of a contrasting color. Charmeuse is gaining its original position as a fabric of elegance. The newest news from silks is the returning vogue of taffeta. Spring evening wraps are of heavy charmeuse, draped and lined with the same material. Edges of nutural colored marabout make a delightful tinish. Trianore is a new silk crepe much favored by smart couturiers. Tjie newest parasols are covered with bordered voile, chiffon or silk. We shall see Venise, filet, Bo hemian, Russian and Irish lace most used. The novelty veils show a cubist form chenile dot of the most brilliant color. Smart sporting coats are made of French awning cloth in wide stripes. The vogue for checks gives an ex cellent opportunity for utilizing*rem nants. Many smart gowns are deeloped fn plain and checked fabrics combined. Narrow bands of ostrich plumes trim separate wraps of brocaded crepe de chine. Linen, voile, silk and pongee are the materials most successfully used in bolero effects. There is no doubt that lace will continue to be the trimming for dressy costumes. The small boat-shaped hats are trimmed effectively with a bow of picot-edged ribbon. Black, navy blue and beige are the predominating tones worn by smart, well-dressed women. A large hat of soft straw, scoop shaped, is favored to complete the afternoon costume. The Japanese and Chinese parasols are much favored and appear in many odd designs. The square, round, ob long and oval pagoda shapes are most appealing. Little girls' Russian blouses are gathered into shaped bands or held at the long waistline by a leather belt. Mantlets of supple taffeta in plain and brocaded silks are cut off at the knee line and worn with smart gowns. For tennis, the proper skirts are of white corduroy, linen and rep or serge with pleats let in at side or back. White lingerie dresses of voile eponge are being trimmed with sou tache effects in white embroidery on tulle. Many of the white net blouses to satin afternoon gowns have rows of tiny satin buttons the color of the gown. Spring flowered foulard makes charming summer toilettes with the skirts drnped or fashioned with tunic sashes. The bolero over a lace blouse worn ith a draped skirt makes a charm ing street costume for warm spring days. Some of the new sailor hats are covered with cotton broche ratine, their trimming usually a quill or slender feather. Russian blouse coats this season are recognized chiefly by the peplum. They are apt to be cutaways and come in different lengths. The effective touch of very bright color plays such an Important part in the summer fashions that it should never be forgotten. Some of the new peasant skirts are arranged with a drapery suggesting the wide, baby movement of the Frenchman's trousers. Women who cannot wear the regu-; lution' bright colors in their clothes can adopt them as linings with satis-1 factory effect. The prettiest school wash dress for' a child is the simple, solid-colored I chambray with belt and hair ribbon of some bright color to match. DON'T FEAR COFFINS. The Chinese Find Them Very Accept able as Presents from Relatives. New York Post: Some one who knows Chinese people very well once told a tale to show that they do not I permit themselves the luxury of I nerves. She said she had gone one | day, before the Boxer riots, to visit an old lady who lived out in the coun try far beyond Wel-Hsien. When the American woman arrived the old lady; was out, but presently she came in,; and announced that she hud just been [ I j NewMontanaWall Chart Free With Fergus County Democrat This new Montana map measures 24 x 20 and shows the new counties of Hill and Blaine; new Great Northern railroad from Lewistown to Moccasin; new Great Northern railroad from Vaughn to Augusta; new C., M. & St. P. railroad from Lewistown to Great Falls; new C., M. & St. P. railroad from Hilger to Roy; new C., M. 4. St. P. railroad from Grass Range to Weede; new C. f M. & St. P. survey from Weede to Callp, South Dakota; new Great Nor thern survey from Weede to Newton, Minn.; new branch county lines and railroad branches in other sections; new lines and sur veys up to January 1, 1912; tables giving you acreage of govern ment land open for homesteads, surveyed and unsurveyed, In each county and land district In the state; railroad distances between all county seats and ftate boundar towns; and complete 1910 fed eral census. New Washington and Oregon State Maps Size 20 x 24; 1910 census for all towns; new United States map and world map, size 20 x 24, with census of 1900 and 1910 of all towns in the United States over 3,000 population. Maps are on sheets measuring 28 x 36 and bound together in three-sheet chart to hang up in your office, home, libray or den. Maps Will be Given Away with every subscription paid in advance from this date on. Those who are already paid in advance will be given one of these maps by paying one year's subscription. Those now in arears must pay up and then pay one year in advance to avail themselves of this free offer. FERGUS COUNTY DEMOCRAT LEWISTOWN, MONTANA TBADE HARK Is it not a great satisfaction to know that when you buy a toilet preparation bearing the above name, you are getting the very best product of the experience and scientific judgment of the expert chem ists or the AMERICAN DRUG & PRESS ASSOCIATION, a national organization to which we belong because we have confidence in sell ing its preparations, knowing the ingredients of every one of them, to our customers. Meritol Merltol Meritol Meritoi Meritol Meritol Meritol Meritol Meritol Meritol Almond Cream Cold Cream Creme de Orients Peroxide Cream Face Powder Rice Powder Benzoinated Lotion Antiseptic Powder Bath Powder Motorist's Balm Meritol Shampoo Paste Meritol Shaving Lotion Meritol Medicinal Soap Meritol Talcum Powder Meritol Tooth Paste Meritol Tooth Powder Meritol Vanishing Cream Meritol Voilet Cream Meritol Hair Tonic And Various Others ILr Try these delightful preparations on our say so. MONEY BACK IF NOT SATISFIED. L. H. WILLIAMS Exclusive Representatives of the American Drug & Press Association in Lewistown out "watching the men dig her grave, but as it began to rain she had told them to wait for a pleasanter day." She did not die for years after that, but she had the comforting ussurance | that her grave was ready for her, ! without any unseemly haste whenever she cared to occupy it. The same American had the ex | perience of sleeping in a room with a very large coftin when she was visiting a Chinese friend, and the next morning the old grandfather of the i family called her attention to its ex cellences, and explained that his son had made him a present of it. "Isn't the wood fine?" he asked admiringly. ; "It cost a lot of money." Old people accept such presents as marks of filial 1 love, and not at all as a hint for them to occupy the coffin. CURFEW FOR BABIES. Go-carts Must Be Off the Streets at 6 P. M. on Saturdays. Oonnelsvllle, Pa., Dispatch: Polico Chief Hetzel has Issued an order against the taking of babies Into the streets on Saturday night and caused an uproar among the townspeople. Saturday night is the occasion for a sort of holiday, when the coke work ers and soft coal miners congregate about the town, and there have been many accidents to the baby carriages and go-carts, and the police have been unable to handle the traffic. Appeals were made to the council men and it was found there was no statute which gave the police the right to bar babies from the streets. Chief Hetzel says he does not care for statutes. I The Winning Mood. (Washington Star.) I Oh, patience often makes a hit j But things more often grow For those who get a little bit Impatient with a hoe. The Difference. "Paw, can you tell me the difference between a suffragist and a suffra gette?" "Yes, my son. A suffragist is a wo man who Ims the wishbone and the suffragette is a woman who bus the backbone."