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Ferps County Democrat
The Official Paper of Fergus County Tom Stout, Publisher and Proprietor Entered at the postofflce at Lewis town, Montana, as second-class matter. Subscribers, Notice—In ordering your paper changed to a new address, mention old address also, to Insure prompt delivery. Subscribers failing to receive their papers will please notify this office. Make checks and money orders payable to Fergus County Democrat. SUBSCRIPTION: One year------ Six months-------------- Three months—.................... For foreign subscriptions add postage. ..$2.50 _ 1.25 . .75 MAKE LEWISTOWN A BETTER PLACE IN WHICH TO LIVE. Lewistown, Montana............July 15, 1913 THE WEALTH OF FERGUS. The assessed valuation of Fergus county for this year shows an even greater increase than was anticipated. Exclusive of the railways, the total is $15,052,735, which is a gain over last year of $1,097,677. It is estimated that the increase iu the railway val uation, coming from the mileage of the Great Northern's line from Lew istown to Moccasin, will swell this net gain for the year to about $1,400,000. Few of the items of importance show any notable decrease this year, while the gain comes, outside of the rail ways, chiefly from the land and im provements. Most significant is the fact that a vast area of 170,000 acres of land is added to the assessment this year. That land will soon be, for the most part, under cultivation, and with the steel now being laid to Grass Range, the development of the great e: st side of Fergus county is begun. Large areas of splendid farm land will be added from year to year and all this means that the output of the county in agricultural products of all sorts will attain immense proportions in the next five or six years. The increase in wealth, as shown by the assessor's report, is an evi dence of the increase in population, and altogether it may be safely said that Fergus is gaining in both wealth and population more rapidly than any county in Montana. THE FLAGLER FORTUNE. The news that the late Henry M. Flagler left an estate valued at $100, 000,000 has attracted little attention and almost no comment. There are so many fortunes in this country much larger that we have become used to hearing of those the size of the Flagler estate. There is, too, more kindly feeling toward Flagler than most of the men of collosal wealth, due largely to the fact that this man devoted his wealth to the development of Florida. His railway running out over the Keys was a dar ing conception and was a brilliant piece of engineering, as has been ex plained in the letters written from Florida by Dr. W. A. Long, of this city. Returning to the Flagler fortune, however, the Philadelphia Ledger points out that it is larger than all the money in all the banks in America in 1840. It is far larger than the to tal annual receipts of the government prior to the Civil war. It is larger than all the money in circulation in the United States in 1830. JOHNSON QUITS AMERICA. Jack Johnson, the colored pugilist, who, in collaboration with some de generate white women who persisted in seeking his society, has caused the officials much trouble and the courts much work, has himself found a happy solution of the Johnson prob lem. He was convicted in the fed eral court of Chicago of certain im moralities, given a prison sentence and a heavy fine. The pugilist ap pealed and was released on bonds in the sum of $30,000. Whereupon the pugilist went over to Canada and took a steamer for France. It appears that Paris wants Johnson. Just now box ing is the craze in the French me tropolis and the black slugger is wel comed with open arms. From Paris Johnson sends the message that he had concluded to take up his perma nent residence there and will not re turn to the United States. Rather than to do so he will forfeit his bond of $30,000. There is, it appears, no extradition provision exactly covering this case, but the government attor neys say the pugilist could undoubt edly be brought back. On the whole, however, they have decided to let France keep Johnson while Uncle Sam keeps the $30,000. This decision is one that will undoubtedly give en tire satisfaction to every one. The country is well rid of the slugger and France is entirely welcome to him, McNAB AND HIS GAB. One Mr. McNab of San Francisco, who happened to have held over as United States district attorney for California, worked up a violent wrath a few days ago, and forthwith tele graphed his resignation to the presi dent for immediate action. The Mc Nab grievance was that a couple of criminal cases which he had a palpi tating ambition to try at once were postponed for a few months, and im mediately he concluded that there was a dark and deep-laid conspiracy hatch ing somewhere in the department of justice at Washington. Whereupon the president, harking to the McNab anxiety, investigated, found that the California lawyer was wrong, and let Mr. McNab out of a job precisely as the lawyer had requested in various kinds of language following rather voluminous intimation and suggestion. Now it appears to the satisfaction of every one, save McNab and a few of his cronies close to the singing waves of the Golden Gate, that there never was any intention of deferring the trial of the cases indefinitely, and that everything was done in legal fashion just as is agreed every day in law courts to meet fair and reason able conveniences. The accused will be tried in the near future, but the prosceutor will not be McNab. This will Hkely displease the gentleman with the distended and vociferous vo cabulary, but it will hardly hurt the administration of justice much. The McNab idea was to besmirch the character of United States Attor ney General McReynolds and inci dentally to play a little game of small politics which might inure to the standing of the standpat wing of the republican party, of which he is a stern and inflexible pillar. But be tween the president and the attorney general they have effectually punc tured the scheme. McNab says the incident is now closed. So is McNab, glory be!—Denver News. THE FARMERS' PICNIC. The annual picnic of the farmers of the Judith Basin at the Moccasin ex periment station next Friday prom ises to be the most successful gath ering this organization has yet held. Beginning in 1909 the idea that called the farmers together has expanded and each year has witnessed a great increase of interest in the picnic. The program arranged for this week is the most attractive one yet formulated. There will be more information of value to the farmers, both through the addresses to be delivered by au thorities on agricultural authorities and through the demonstrations in the various plots making up the ex periment station farm. The erection of a large tent will ad to the accom modations. The Great Northern will run special trains to the grounds, with a one-fare rate for the round trip, and there is every reason to expect that the attendance will be much larger than last year. While the primary idea is to have the farmers carry with them informa tion of practical value, this gathering will be of great benefit for other rea sons. The picnic will, of course, be prominent and the affair will serve to bring together a great number of the farmers from various points all over the Basin. The social side of the picnic will not be dwarfed and in it self, that is worth a great deal. It is a splendid thing to bring the farmers together once a year in this way and they will all doubtless prot from it. The limit of usefulness of the ex periment station to the farmers can not yet be seen. It is determining questions of importance year by year and will take up new problems as they arise. It is especially fitting that this gathering of the actively en gaged in farming and who are seeking to improve methods should be held at tne station, and there is no longer doubt that the picnic will continue to be an annual event of growing import ance for an indefinite period. FREE WOOL DECEMBER 1. Helena Independent: Word comes from Washington that wool will be placed on the free list December 1. This is in accordance with the pre diction made by tne Independent a week ago that the wool schedule would not become effective until too late to effect the present Montana clip, if, indeed, free wool leads to a lower average price than received during the last 16 years of protec tion. r ine goods which will be manufac tured from the present clip are all sold. They are contracted on the present basis and the manufacturers know what they are going to receive for this clothing and woolen goods. The talk of the woolbuyers that they cannot buy wool and expect to sell it to manufacturers at a profit because the manufacturers fear the reduction on manufactured woolen goods, is only another argument to beat down the price of wool. The manufacturer has sold his goods for next year. His patterns, according to textile papers, are de signed for the use of domestic wool and a larger amount will be required to make this season's goods than ever before. There is no use being uneasy over the price of wool. The growers should hold out for 18 to 20 cents. If the buyers will not pay the price, the wool should be sent to the Chicago wool warehouse, where it will be graded and sold by men representing the growers who know just as much about wool as the experienced and shrewd buyers of Montana clips. Sealed bid sales are announced for Miles City and Great Falls. Prob ably not so many buyers will be on hand as in years gone by and it will be easier for them to get together and agree on prices they will offer in these bids. Where there are a few buyers they are enabled to make prices and keep them down. The growers should also be on the look out for these combinations at the sealed bid sales and stick out for the price. They will get it if they turn a deaf ear to the calamity howler, and meet the buyer with the information given them by President Williams of the Montana Woolgrowers' associa tion in his letter which he gave the Independent a week ago. In the past the growers have been at the mercy of the buyers. Now they have the alternative of sending their wool to the Chicago warehouse, where they can borrow money against it or secure advance from a company composed of woolgrowers of the west. A CONCESSION TO WOOL GROWERS. We find it generally conceded by the press of this state, without re gard to party, that chief credit for having the operation of the free wool provision of the tariff bill suspended until December 1, next, is due to the efforts of Senator T. J. Walsh. When the Underwood bill was first taken up by the democratic caucus of the house, Representative Tom Stout pre sented the Montana view, which was to the effect that the wool industry, then under a very high protective tariff, should not be suddenly stripped of,all tariff whatever, but that a small duty should be retained temporarily until the woolgrowers had been given an opportunity to adjust themselves to the new conditions. Mr. Stout's ad Established 1887 Bank of Fergus County CORNER THIRD AVENUE AND MAIN STREET. Lewistown, Montana Capital, Surplus and Other Reserves, $ 570,000.00 Resources ......-______________________________________$2,000,000.00 Receives accounts subject to check. Makes loans to customers. Deposits in savings department draw 5 per cent, per annum. Deposits in time certificate department draw 4 per cent per annum. * Safety deposit boxes rented at $2.50 per year. Real estate loans negotiated. Drafts, money orders and letters of credit sold. Accounts of firms, corporations and individuals invited. Jno. D. Waite, President F. E. Wright, Vice-President Austin W. Warr, Cashier T. T. Taylor, Assistant Cashier P. J. Osweiler, Assistant Cashier dress won many votes for that prop osition, but it was defeated. When the bill as passed by the house went to the senate finance committee and then to the democratic caucus of the senate, Mr. Walsh took up this fight, contending that both wool and sugar should be given a small duty temporarily. Undoubted ly the final conclusion reached to suspend the operation of the bill aB relates to wool until near the end of the year may be credited to the able and unceasing efforts of Mr. Walsh. Mr. Walsh, of course, accepts the cau cus decision and will support the measure when it comes to a vote, as finally shaped after the senate gets tnrough with it and its passage is ab solutely assured by that body. The Great Falls Tribune says: "The effect of the decision of the democratic caucus yesterday to post pone the operation of the free wool schedule until December 1 next, will be to very largely knock out of the hands of the wool speculators the tariff club with which they have been seeking, with the cooperation of the republican press, to beat down pres ent prices for raw wool. A reasoning animal ought to balk at the argument that because a change in the wool tariff will take place next December wool that is sold now and will be manufactured into goods that will be sold before any change in the tariff takes place, ought to bring a lower price on account of the tariff." In the same issue, the Tribune, which has shown some disposition to criticise Senator Walsh for not jump ing into the band wagon at the first opportunity, says: "The Tribune finds its confidence that Senator Walsh would be found standing by the will of the majority of tne party as expressed in the party caucus fully justified by the facts as they come to us through the Asso ciated Press dispatch from Washing ton. In fact, all the senators gave personal assurance that it was their intention to support the tariff bill as decided on by the caucus, except the two senators from Louisiana, who agreed that they would support all the schedules except the sugar sched ule. On that they will not be bound, and will vote with the republicans. The result is very satisfactory to the administration, and we believe to the country at large. Business men gen erally have become reconciled to this change in the tariff, and what they now want most of all is to get it done and completed." The Butte Post, independent, says: "As the result of yesterday's round up the new tariff bill can count on thirty-nine senate votes. That is a majority of one. If Senator Walsh had decided to vote against the bill there would have been a tie, with the vice-president ready and willing to settle the matter in favor of the dem ocrats. "For a time the notion prevailed that Senator Walsh would oppose the bill to the end. No conclusion to that effect was warranted, however, by anything said by the senator himself it was merely an opinion based up on his assertion that the bill, in its general application, is not to be a good thng and that, in particular, it threatens harm to Montana's inter ests and amounts to a discrimination against the constituencies in the west. "While the discussion of the party and political aspects of the situation in the senate was progressing, Mr. Walsh insisted that democracy's cam paigning and platform declarations in Montana warranted democratic mem bers of congress in a policy of op position. At the time there was not nearly as much discussion of that view, in the democratic newspapers of the state, as might reasonably have been anticipated: at the same time, in several of the Post's democratic contemporaries there was plain talk to the effect that the proposed tariff bill is radically wrong in many of Its essential items and that the Walsh view of involved injury to this state was well founded. "These objections have not been re moved. However, it is settled, by his own declaration made yesterday, that Senator Walsh will vote for the bill— his support amounts, under the cir cumstances, to a saving clause in the senate. He counts only one, but it happens that he is in this instance a very -important one. Whether the senator was bound by considerations drawn from party policy to get in and drill, liking to do it or not, or whether Montana would have liked it better had he stood out—those are queries that need not now be dealt with. "Multitudes among the _ senator's constituencies believe that his in at atti tude of opposition was right as also that several of the schedules will be harmful for Montana. Yet, as the Post has formerly remarked, it is as well not to anticipate trouble; it is, in fact, better, perhaps, to assume, or at least to hope, that under the new schedules it won't turn out as un favorably as Senator Walsh and many another Montanan has feared." Tne Anaconda Standard, demo cratic, says: "While Senator Walsh has been ac tively opposed to free wool and free sugar, he has at no time signified that he would bolt the democratic caucus upon the Underwood bill, and when, last night, this caucus was held he declared his purpose of voting for the bill as a strict party measure. Sin cere in his convictions in regard to sugar and wool, Senator Walsh is too loyal a democrat to allow his per sonal opinions to stand in the way of the adoption of his party's agreed policies. He believes in majority rule. The senator's sacrifice of his own views, as an individual, to united party action, is a tribute to his con sistency and will be everywhere com mended. A pronounced advocate of free sugar and free wool, there has never been any doubt of Senator Myers' final attitude." Washington, July 9th. The noble art of insidiously lobby ing is very likely to become a most unpopular and unprofitable pastime if any one of the several bills now be ing prepared on the subject ever be come laws. The rather startling dis closures by the senate investigating committee as well as the yet more sensational upheaval brought about by the Mulhall confession, have awakened congress to the necessity of action of some sort and numerous plans have been brought forward for dealing out summary punishment for the men who hang about Washington for the purpose of promoting or de feating the passage of bills. One im petuous legislator has made the sug gestion that members of congress should apply the toe of his boot to the person of any man caught in the act of lobbying. This system has its dis advantages. Some of these lobbyists, according to current report, are of large and athletic proportions. All congressmen are not so fortunately constructed. It would be distinctly embarrassing for a 125-pound con gressman to attempt the hazardous feat of propelling a 200-pound lobby ist through the outer door of said con gressman's office on the toe of his boot. The lobbyist might object and retaliate by sitting down on the con gressman or pitching him through a convenient window. This would be humiliating, not to say painful. It might, indeed, never happen. But when approaching a great question of this character, it is only statesman like that we consider its every pos sibility, give thought to every con tingency. I am not ready to state just what course of procedure I would adopt if I should look up from my desk some bright morning and see a big, impressive-looking lobbyist of the insidious variety creeping in upon me. I believe that I would first try the gentle art of diplomacy on the ogre. I would attempt to play upon his sym pathy by citing the fact that I am a poor, defenseless congressman, far from home and friends, a stranger to the wiles of this wicked world, and ingratiatingly suggest that he remove his corrupting influence from my pres ence. If this failed to move him, I would look him squarely in the eye and tell him to do his worst, lobby to his heart's content, and then turn reso lutely to my chosen task of answering petitions for pensions, mailing out agricultural bulletins and dictating answers to the sack full of mail that the postman just dumped on my desk. * * * Up to the present moment, I haven't run afoul any of the numerous tribe of lobbyist said to be plying their nefarious trade here under the shadow of the dome. None of them have in vited me to partake with them sumptuous suppers, where, according to common report, they are most wont to entangle unsuspecting congressmen in the meshes of their well-woven snares. After reading Mulhall's list, I began to feel a trifle lonesome, un til the Saturday's meeting of the house, which developed Into a sort of experience session. At that session quite a lot of the boys solemnly as serviated that they would not know a lobbyist from a lolapop, whatever that is. Jim Mann, the grizzled lead er of the republican minority, stated that he has fathered and fought for more important legislation than any other man who has sat in congress during the last twenty years and yet has never been approached by any thing resembling a lobbyist. Others of almost equal experience gave simi lar testimony. But all admitted that the Mulhall literary effusion strikes a grievous blow at the integrity of the house and that we should have a most comprehensive investigation of these base charges. No time, effort or ex pense should be spared in revealing this insidious lobby in all of its in sidiosity. Turn on the calcium, cried one and all, and let the cruel conse quences be what they may. If there be any who have dallied with this malefic influence, let the fact be known. How that notoriety-loving specimen, Col. Mulhall, must chortle as he contemplates the uproar which he has caused; with what hectic glee must he observe the dire confusion in to which he has thrown the great American congress with its 533 mem bers; what sweet music to his ears are tne imprecations hurled against nim, the sonorous denials of his all embracing charges, the elaborate preparations for proving him what many assert him to be, the most monumental liar of the age, Doctor Cook alone excepted. * * * There is not the slightest use to at tempt to belittle the grave importance and possible consequences of the Mul hall expose. He has adduced docu mentary evidence, which, in a few in stances, may be termed rather con vincing. Unquestionably, congress can not permit his wholesale charges to go unchallenged. The entire country has been flooded with various versions of this sordid story. The names of men who are known to be of the most impeccable personal and political re pute have been besmirched by the foul touch of this acknowledged tool of unholy commercial interests. It is quite necessary that something be done to counteract the unwarranted impression which many may have gained that the American congress is indeed a den of thieves. In other words, congress must once more go about the business of purging itself, of proving its integrity, of convincing the world that it is made up of pa triotic men seeking only to serve, in a fearless and conscientious manner, the highest welfare of the republic. * * * It is impossible that there should not be an occasional delinquent among any body comprising 533 men. I will not undertake to assert that the Sixty-third congress does not number among its membership some who are officially derelict or worse, for the simple reason that I do not know. I will venture the assertion, however, that, taken as a whole, the present congress will average up mighty fa vorably with any other body of simi lar size which could be assembled from the forty-eight states of the union. This, furthermore, holds true with all of the thousands in the em ploy of the government. * * * Those pessimistic individuals who sometimes become obsessed with the perverted idea that official laches is something peculiar to our own coun try, should widen the scope of their perspective if for no other reason than that of comparison. They will discover that all England is just now rocking with the sensational discovery that several members of the British ministry, which is comparable to our Farm Loans Are you thinking of making a loan? We are in a position to loan money on good farm lands—either patented land or on final cer tificate. It will pay you beoause Our terms are right. We loan our own money. We assure you a square deal. We allow prepayment privilege. We give you a check at once on a local bank. Principal and interest payable at our office in Lewistown. LIST YOUR FARM FOR SALE WITH US Our eastern connections put us in touch with eastern buyers, and makes us the logical firm to list with. Come in and see us. AMERICAN LOAN & INVESTMENT COMPANY 510 MAIN STREET, LEWISTOWN, MONTANA ^ Paid Up Capital, $100,000.00 Something New in Tents "The Poleless Tent," sold by Fergus County Hardware Company LEWISTOWN, MONTANA cabinet, have been found speculating in the stocks of wireless and other corporations with which those same members of the ministry were nego tiating for contracts on behalf of their government. They will find that the German empire is being jarred to its foundations by reason of apparently well-founded charges that some of the uignest court officials have been in league with the powerful Krupp steel company in the business of promoting war scares in order that there be brought about an increased demand for Krupp army and naval supplies. * * * It stands to reason that our con gress is made up of men whose rec ords have been rather closely scanned by the thousands who are responsible for their election. It also stands to reason that not many of them would be here had it been demonstrated that they have been guilty of personal dishonor or political perfidy. Espe cially is it true that very few or any of tnose who have been here for long er than one term would have been able to come back had their official conduct been to any degree censura ble. As a general rule, the American people do not elect crooks to congress. It is rarer still that they reelect men of that character. Notice for Publication. Department of the Interior, U. S. Land Office at Lewistown, Montana, July 15, 1913. Notice is hereby given that THOMAS DOYLE, of Shawmut, Montana, (formerly Har lowton), who, on Sept. 11, 1913, made Homestead Entry, No. 06885, for SE%, Sec. 8, Tp. 7 N., R. 18 E„ Montana Meridian, has filed notice of intention to make final Three-Year proof, to es tablish claim to the land above de scribed, before Elmer E. Crawford, at Shawmut, Mont., on the 28th day of August, 1913. Claimant names as witnesses: Thomas Tovey, of Shawmut, Mon tana; Thomas Mallon, of Hedgesville, Montana; Gilbert Fuller, Frank Fuller, of Shawmut, Montana. H. J. KELLY, Register. First publication July 15-5t Notice for Publication. Department of the Interior, U. S. Land Office at Lewistown, Montana, July 14, 1913. Notice is hereby given that GROVER MILLER, of Alton, Montana, who, on November 11, 1909, made Homestead Entry, No. 0778-., for SV 2 SE^i, Sec. 14, and the N% NE%, Sec. 23, Tp. 19 N., R. 15 E„ Montana Meridian, has filed notice of intention to make final Three-Year proof, to establish claim to the land above described, before the Register and Receiver, at Lewistown, Montana, on the 20th day of August, 1913. Claimant names as witnesses: Joseph M. Hill, Roy Cross, and Irl Cross, all of Alton, Montana, and Frank Raitt, of Denton, Montana. H. J. KELLY, Register. First publication July 15-5t Senator Walsh Is Heard. Washington, July 8.—Senator Walsh spoke before the finance committee in favor of a lower duty on paper twine, used in preparing wool for the market, saying the two American fac tories could not supply the demand. The paper twine is largely made in France. The woolgrowers said if wool goes on the free list they ought to get free twine to bind their fleeces. The gloves should match in color the gown worn.