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THIRTY-ONE FROM MONTANA ARE ALREADY EN ROLLED. The Protestant Episcopal church in October, 1910, appointed a commission to bring about a conference for the consideration of questions as to the faith and order of the Christian church, in the hope that such a con ference will promote the cause of Christian unity. That commission is inviting all Christian communons throughout the world which confess our Lord Jesus Christ as God and Saviour to unite with the Episcopal church in arranging for and conduct ing such a conference. More than twenty such cooperating commissions have been appointed, including all the leading communions in the United States and the Church of England in England and Canada. Invitations are now being sent to the other leading communions outside the United States as fast as the names and addresses of their officers can be obtained. The Episcopal commission is publishing leaflets, explaining the scope and methods of the conference, and giv ing a list of books on Christian unity, and those leaflets have been circu lated all over the world. The com mission is glad to send them free to any one who will apply for them to the secretary, Robert H. Gardiner, Gardiner, Maine. He has received probably ten thousand, or more, let ters on the subject, coming from every part of the world and from members of every communion, Protest ant and Catholic. Persons applying are entered on a permanent mailing list, so that they will receive all fu ture publications. The Episcopal commission is try ing to carry on the undertaking in the spirit of Bishop Brent, who urged, at the meeting when the commission was organized, that the side of organ ization shall not be made too promi nent, but that we shall seek spiritual power. The first step shall be, in a new and full and deep way, to re dedicate ourselves to God, free from past prejudices, in order that, so los ing ourselves, we may have a spiritual power simply compelling. Ministers and laymen and women in Montana to the number of 31 have already been brought together, at least to the extent of enrollment on the list, which is arranged geographi cally so that those who are interested enough in Christian unity to apply to be placed on the list may obtain the names of others in their neighborhood also interested, with whom they can meet for united prayer for the re union of Christians and for confer ence as to how it can best be brought about. The list includes Disciples of Christ, Congregationalists, Episco palians, Presbyterians, Lutherans and Roman Catholics. The executive com mittee of the commission of the Epis copal church, of which the Rev. W. T. Manning, D. D., rector of Trinity church, New York, is chairman, has recently issued a circular letter urging such local conferences. The world conferences may not be held for a number of years, for it will be a long undertaking to get the approval of all the leading communions all over the world, though the project is being re ceived with great cordiality. OF INTEREST TO FARMERS The saying has become trite that in a new country, like Montana for ex ample, there are more farms than farmers, says Marvelous Montana. Consequently farmers come high, but farms are comparatively cheap. It is a well-known fact that in the Treasure state a good farm can be bought either at private sale, from the government under some of the reclamation projects or under the Carey act, which is fostered by both government and state, or by home steading dry land for that matter, any of these lands can be bought, I say, for one-tenth to one-fourth what you would have to pay for a farm of less productive power in any of the older agricultural states of the union. So, to repeat, lands are plentiful but population is—growing. ' Also there are more farmers than there are dairy cows. At least the demand is so brisk that a choice dairy animal is looked upon as a prize and brings a fancy price. In fact, it has got to be a kind of Joke with our folks to say that a cow is worth $75 no matter what sort she is. This country has graduated so re cently from a fat cattle range, that we have not yet got used to giving thought to cows that give milk. But the time is coming when milk ers will be looked upon with more re gard than a steer. For a lot of Mon tana farmers come from all over the country. I mean they are not native Montanans, but have been good farm ers in Iowa, Illinois, Wisconsin—in fact, almost every state in the union. They like milk and butter and they are not content to live on "canned cow' as the old cow-boy did. And by the way, isn't it a sort of paradox that a cowboy should so de spise a cow—I mean a real cow that gives real milk? About two months ago I heard of a man who lives fifteen miles west of an old hay ranch, who had a cow for sale. I drove out there and after little dickering I bought her for $56. I thought I had a bargain, -for she looked like a fairly good range cow. Of course she had the white face of the Hereford sires which have been common enough in this range coun try for a score of years. The farmer sold her because she had small teats and he had very large hands and rheu matism to boot and had some diffi culty in milking this animal. So I tied the old lady to the tail of Montana Will Shine at San Francisco in 1915 Treasure State Preparing for Big Display at Panama*Pacific International Exposition | BIRDSEYE VIEW OF THE PANAMA-PACIFIC INTERNATIONAL EXPOSITION AT SAN FRANCISCO IN t + 1915 AND DIAGRAM SHOWING THE LOCATION OF MONTANA'S SITE. $ M ONTANA will have a magnificent exhibit at the Panama-Pacific International Exposition to be held at San Francisco in 1915 in cele bration of the completion of the Pan ama canal. It will be an exhibit located In three different exhibit palaces. In the Pal ace of Agriculture there will be a large area devoted to the agricultural products of the state, with practical exhibitions of the methods of conduct ing the great industry in this, one of the richest agricultural states in America. In the Palace of Horticul ture there will be an exhibit or what Montana is doing for the horticultural Industry, displays of its wonderful products in fruits and flowers, and operating representations of the meth ods by which the remarkable results are obtained. Montana's mines, and the great industry of mining, which is making such rapid advance in the state, will be represent d in a com prehensive exhibit in the Palace of Mines and Metallurgy. Spaces in these palaces have been reserved by Dr. J. M. Scanland, who was sent to San Francisco by Mr. J. M. Kennedy, secretary of the Expo sition Commission for the state of Montana, at whose initiative, with the co-operation of Governor S. V. Stewart, action has been taken in the counties of Montana toward raising & fund of $25,000 as part of a general sum to be devoted to Montana's par ticipation in the greatest celebrution of a national event which any nation has ever yet conceived. State Commissioner Dr. Scanland visited San Francisco on a special mis sion of investigation into the condi tions obtaining at the exposition. With O thoroughness and earnestness that has greatly impressed the exposition officials, Dr. Scanland has completed his investigation and has declared that the world's fair of 1915 ofTers to the state of Montana an opportunity of proving to the world her great and nnbounded resources—an opportunity such as she has never had before. Dr. Scanland's action in the reserva tion of space for Montana's represen tation at the exposition means that the Treasure State will now be able to put before the world the cream of her natural resources, shown in the best possible way, and at the same time she will compete with the rest of the world for the international prizes to be awarded. "To miss the opportunity of exhibit ing alongside the rest of the world at the exposition," said Dr. Scanland, "wotfuf be for Montana to pass by the best and most thorough chance she my wagon and started to lead her home. But do you s'pose she led? Not on your lariat. She just lay down and turned herself into an anchor. I had no saddle and I'm not much of a cow-man anyway, (not kind of a cow man), so after trying in vain to hire a broncho-buster to drive the cow in for me and after wondering whether it would pay me to go after the cow again with a high wagon and haul her home, I told the farmer to call it off and keep his cow. The joke is on me all right, for last week he had a public sale and sold off his entire place. His rheumatism got so bad he had to try something less strenuous than ranching. And what do you think that old range cow brought at auction? Just $85 by the clock. So that's why some fellow with a little capital ought to go down into Iowa or Wisconsin and fetch out a lot of genuinely good dairy stock. He could make a neat little fortune— enough at least to make a trip to Chi cago and put up at the LaSalle for a week and order a big, fat, juicy por terhouse steak every day. In this old cattle country porterhouse steak of the Chicago brand is as rare as a thoroughbred Holstein. A few good cows have been import ed, but there's room for a whole lot more. 8ave the Pasture. Marvelous Montana: One of the has ever had of showing to the world that hers is one of the richest states in America. It is only by comparison that the value of Montana's products can be judged as the best that the country can produce. It is only when Montana's resources are placed side by side with those of other states that their superiority can be estimated. The exposition offers that opportunity, and Montana will grasp it and make exhibits in those departments where she pre-eminently excels. It will be an exhibit that will do Montana credit, add to the interest and attraction of the exposition and bring incalculable commercial benefit to the country as a whole." The sum of $25,000, which is being raised pro rata by the Montana coun ties for the state's participation in the Panama-Paciflc International Ex position, is said to be already more than half in hand. A site for a build ing, to be used as a rendezvous for Montanans during the exposition pe riod, was selected by Governor Nor ris last year. It is an ideal location, facing the waterfront of the bay of San Francisco and adjacent to it are the sites of Hawaii and of the states of Idaho, Kentucky, Missouri and Min nesota, while New York's pavilion is close by. So that Montana will be in good company and in line with the crowds. A more ideal spot could not well have been chosen. It is the envy of others who followed in their selection and will be cherished by those who are to occupy it. The site commands a full view of the broad bay where numerous aquatic events will be held in connection with the exposition throughout the year. Yacht races, motorboat races and the naval sports will have their center in the waters of the bay that front the Montana site. Within hailing distance of the Treasure State's rendezvous 150 bat tleships from all the leading powers of the world will lie at anchor on the opening day of the exposition and Montana w T ill be in the very van of the first big celebrations to be con ducted on the water. Nearby also is the race track where the international events will be con ducted all the year round, and the live stock exhibits will be arranged in a reserved area in close touch with the state sites. Exposition preparations are proceed ing apace and records have already been established in the building prog ress of the fourteen exhibit palaces to be erected by the exposition. These palaces will form the main feature of the whole exposition, which is divid ed into three sections. On the east of the exhibit palaces will be the amusement concessions, for which mistakes made by a great many Mon tana farmers every spring is that they turn their stock out on the pastures too early in the spring. This works harm in two ways, but the harm to the pastures is greater than the harm to the stock. There is not a great amount of nourishment in the early slush grass of the spring. If the stock has been wintered on hay and grain and then turned out to rustle their own living as soon as the pastures begin to look green they are very apt to eat so much of the grass that they start to sour and thus are set back in their development. This delay, while it is nothing serious, means a few pounds less in the weight in the fall. The harm done to the grass, how ever ,is much more serious. There can be no healthy growth of grass unless there is a strong root growth and a strong root growth is not pos sible unless there is a good blade growth also. If the blades of grass are all eaten off by the stock as soon as they appear, the roots have little chance to develop and thus the grass is injured for the entire season. If on the other hand the roots are given a chance to get a good start they de velop and make a thick sod, which will grow more grass for the entire season and be far better able to with stand the droughts that come later in the summer. The best insurance for good pastures the entire summer Is to keep the stock off until the grass more than 6,000 applications have been made up to date. The conces sions are being granted according to their value as a means of educative entertainment and it is predicted that a more complete aggregation of the world's best fun makers has never been brought together. To the west of the exhibit palaces will be the for eign and state pavilions. The partici pation promised by states of the Union and foreign countries has reached a record, and everything promises that the great celebration of the opening of the Panama canal will be the greatest international event of modern times. The exposition grounds at Harbor View—a crescent strip of land border ing the Golden Gate for a distance of nearly three miles—are now a scene of great activity. Machinery Hall, the first and largest of the fourteen exhibit palaces to be erected, is on its way to completion, while five other palaces are under construction. They will all be completed by July, 1914, and will then be ready to receive the exhibits from all parts of the world— about seven months before the open ing of the exposition on Saturday, Feb. 20, 1915. In keeping with the pace of prog ress set by the building of the exhibit palaces, a similar advance is shown in other spheres of preparation. A slogan of the exposition of 1915 has been that it shall be an exposition that will be ready. There is assur ance of the fulfillment of that prom ise, up to date, and no previous inter national exposition has been so far advanced at a date almost two years before it opens its gates. One hundred and nineteen conven tions have been definitely secured for the exposition year. This is also a record, and there are still many more being arranged for. It will mean that the Panama-Paciflc Exposition will be the rendezvous of the world in 1915. The attractions of so immense an exposition are added to and enhanced by the climate of California, which permits of the holding of a celebra tion during ten consecutive months and during that time the exposition grounds will look like a garden in full bloom. Millions of plants and flowers and trees are being nurtured and the mile-long boulevard is sown with grass and ready for the trans plantation of avenues of trees as soon as the nearby palaces are complete . Dr. Scanland was convinced of the immensity of the exposition and of the scope of its purpose and, having studied the situation well he has re ported: "The Panama-Pacific Inter national Exposition of 1915 is Mon tana's opportunity. And she will grasp it." gets a good start in the spring. An other good way of managing the pas tures is to take the stock off in the fall while there is yet time for the grass to make a little growth. This late growth grass will cure and pro tect the sod during the winter by holding the snow. Then in the spring the stock must eat it off before they can get to the green stuff. This gives them a mixture of dry and wet grass to start on and gives the new grass a chance to make good. Advice to Poultrymen. The two farmers' bulletins relating to the poultry industry recently is sued by the United States department of agriculture, entitled, "Hints to Poultry Raisers," and "Important Poultry Diseases," present to poultry men a very concise, and at the same time, comprehensive statement as to the difficulties encountered and the best methods of overcoming them. The selection of a breed suited to the requirements of the owner, the artificial and natural incubation and groodlng, the construction of houses and fixtures, methods of feeding, egg production and marketing are covered In short, terse, convincing statements in the first-mentioned bulletin. The second supplements this infor mation and the other advice as to the prevention of lice and mites and the treatment of common diseases, with a full detailed description of the im portant diseases affecting fowls and the remedies which have been found effective. ' Contageous diseases and the larger parasites are the most important ob stacles which the poultryman has to overcome to keep his birds in a healthy condition. Preventive meas ures are the best and also the cheap est, because, no matter how large the first cost, the great loss inflicted by an epidemic in which a number of birds may die, is saved, and also the indirect but greater loss which the weakened condition and loss of prod uct cause, is eliminated. There are, of course, cases in which medicines may be advantageously given or applied to sick fowls, but generally speaking, it is better to kill all sick birds and thus avoid the spread of disease to many other birds in the flock. Then, a sick bird is an indication that it is more susceptible to disease than the other birds of the flock, which, to be strong and healthy, must be relieved of the menace of delicate and susceptible members. Even with fl ocks practically free from disease germs and parasites, it requires the utmost watchfulness and care to maintain them in that condi tion. There are a number of reasons given for this, and mature and experi ence-bought advice is given as to preparation and maintenance of poul try houses and yards free from the germs and parasites which so often turn a prosperous business into an other of the many failures at "poultry raising for profit." Grand Opera. It is the desire of this paper to give its patrons as complete information of coming events as is possible. To this end we publish the following given us by the management who are : bringing west the Thaviu Grand j Opera company and the White City band. They are to appear in our Chautauqua this coming summer. The Thaviu Grand Opera company does not sing in the afternoon and the afternoon concerts, as it must save its voices for the evening work. 1 Pressure on a singer singing grand opera is tremendous. He must be equal to the volume of the band, and at all times the conductor endeavors to keep his organization in. a more j quiet tone while the company is sing-1 ing. With the Thaviu Grand Opera com-! pany is Herr Max Bing, the German j opera soloist. Mr. Bing is said to be ! a great artist. He has sung in Amer- ] ica for eighteen seasons with various operatic companies and always with great success. He is the oldest mem ber of the company, but his voice is still young and fresh and rich in its brilliancy. As a tenor soloist with the company, Donald Bouchier, who is a Frenchman, is almost as famous as is the American contralto, make the soloists for the company. As to the music the opera company will present, it has been decided to have them use excerpts from operas rather than one entire opera throughout. These will be the more brilliant selections from Faust, II Trovatore and other well known operas. We have learned that in a few places where the Chautauqua is being held this summer, choruses are being arranged to sing chorus numbers with the operatic company as soloists. Whether or not this is done here, we shall have a most splen did time with the White City band and the Thaviu Grand Opera company on the fourth day of our coming Chau tauqua. Winona Ladies of Indiana. The Winona Ladies of Indiana have been doing Chautauqua and lyceum work for several years. The com Popular Thru Train Daily Between Lewistown - Butte Great Falls and Helena | Buffet-Parlor Car serving meals a la carte Southbound 8.00 a. m. Leave. . Lewistown.. . Arrive Northbound 7.30 p. m. 8.12 a. m. Arrive. 7.15 p. m. 8.17 a. m. Arrive. 7.10 p. m. 8.25 a. m. Arrive. ... Kington .. .Leave 7.00 p. m. 8.45 a. m. Arrive. ... Rossfork . . .Leave 6.40 p. m. 9.00 a. m. Arrive. 6.25 p. m. 9.25 a. m. Arrive. ... Moccasin. . .Leave 6.00 p. m. 12.35 p. m. Arrive. .Great Falls . . Leave 2.35 p. m. 12.45 p. m. Leave. Great Falls . .Arrive 2.20 p. m. 4.10 p. m. Arrive. . .. Helena .. .Leave 11.00 a. m. 7.55 p. m. Arrive. ... .Butte... . 8.00 a. m. An ideal train for a comfortable journey between these points. For tickets and information call on your local representative. J. T. McGaughey, A. G. F. & P. A., Helena, Mont. i §SS wmsmsmm Panama-Pacific International Exposition San Francisco 1915 Visit Glacier National Park June 15-October 1 pany consists of Miss Lillian Norman, soprano; Miss Maude Cree, mezzo soprano; Miss Esther Canter, alto; Miss Nina Shanklin, contralto. They will present not only the standard music, sometimes called classical, but also popular music, with some novel ties not often used in concert work. With them comes the noted Harrell, of Boston, who is a musical entertain er and magician of rare ability. It is regarded as important that our Chau tauqua has such good programs for its opening day, and we feel that we are fortunate in having secured two such attractions as these. The new pendent represents a tiny lantern. : j 1 j j ! ] Sole Agents for Fergus County Paragon Typewriter Ribbons FERGUS COUNTY DEMOCRAT, Inc. WANTED BEEF HIDES SHEEP PELTS THE OLD RELIABLE Lewistown Hide & Fur Co. 207 Fifth Ave. A. L. Hawkins, Mgr.