THIRTY-ONE FROM MONTANA ARE
The Protestant Episcopal church in
October, 1910, appointed a commission
to bring about a conference for the
consideration of questions as to the
faith and order of the Christian
church, in the hope that such a con
ference will promote the cause of
Christian unity. That commission is
inviting all Christian communons
throughout the world which confess
our Lord Jesus Christ as God and
Saviour to unite with the Episcopal
church in arranging for and conduct
ing such a conference. More than
twenty such cooperating commissions
have been appointed, including all the
leading communions in the United
States and the Church of England in
England and Canada. Invitations are
now being sent to the other leading
communions outside the United States
as fast as the names and addresses
of their officers can be obtained. The
Episcopal commission is publishing
leaflets, explaining the scope and
methods of the conference, and giv
ing a list of books on Christian unity,
and those leaflets have been circu
lated all over the world. The com
mission is glad to send them free to
any one who will apply for them to
the secretary, Robert H. Gardiner,
Gardiner, Maine. He has received
probably ten thousand, or more, let
ters on the subject, coming from
every part of the world and from
members of every communion, Protest
ant and Catholic. Persons applying
are entered on a permanent mailing
list, so that they will receive all fu
The Episcopal commission is try
ing to carry on the undertaking in
the spirit of Bishop Brent, who urged,
at the meeting when the commission
was organized, that the side of organ
ization shall not be made too promi
nent, but that we shall seek spiritual
power. The first step shall be, in a
new and full and deep way, to re
dedicate ourselves to God, free from
past prejudices, in order that, so los
ing ourselves, we may have a spiritual
power simply compelling.
Ministers and laymen and women
in Montana to the number of 31 have
already been brought together, at
least to the extent of enrollment on
the list, which is arranged geographi
cally so that those who are interested
enough in Christian unity to apply to
be placed on the list may obtain the
names of others in their neighborhood
also interested, with whom they can
meet for united prayer for the re
union of Christians and for confer
ence as to how it can best be brought
about. The list includes Disciples of
Christ, Congregationalists, Episco
palians, Presbyterians, Lutherans and
Roman Catholics. The executive com
mittee of the commission of the Epis
copal church, of which the Rev. W. T.
Manning, D. D., rector of Trinity
church, New York, is chairman, has
recently issued a circular letter urging
such local conferences. The world
conferences may not be held for a
number of years, for it will be a long
undertaking to get the approval of all
the leading communions all over the
world, though the project is being re
ceived with great cordiality.
OF INTEREST TO
The saying has become trite that in
a new country, like Montana for ex
ample, there are more farms than
farmers, says Marvelous Montana.
Consequently farmers come high, but
farms are comparatively cheap.
It is a well-known fact that in the
Treasure state a good farm can be
bought either at private sale, from
the government under some of the
reclamation projects or under the
Carey act, which is fostered by both
government and state, or by home
steading dry land for that matter, any
of these lands can be bought, I say,
for one-tenth to one-fourth what you
would have to pay for a farm of less
productive power in any of the older
agricultural states of the union.
So, to repeat, lands are plentiful but
population is—growing. '
Also there are more farmers than
there are dairy cows. At least the
demand is so brisk that a choice dairy
animal is looked upon as a prize and
brings a fancy price.
In fact, it has got to be a kind of
Joke with our folks to say that a cow
is worth $75 no matter what sort she
This country has graduated so re
cently from a fat cattle range, that we
have not yet got used to giving
thought to cows that give milk.
But the time is coming when milk
ers will be looked upon with more re
gard than a steer. For a lot of Mon
tana farmers come from all over the
country. I mean they are not native
Montanans, but have been good farm
ers in Iowa, Illinois, Wisconsin—in
fact, almost every state in the union.
They like milk and butter and they
are not content to live on "canned
cow' as the old cow-boy did.
And by the way, isn't it a sort of
paradox that a cowboy should so de
spise a cow—I mean a real cow that
gives real milk?
About two months ago I heard of
a man who lives fifteen miles west of
an old hay ranch, who had a cow for
sale. I drove out there and after
little dickering I bought her for $56.
I thought I had a bargain, -for she
looked like a fairly good range cow.
Of course she had the white face of
the Hereford sires which have been
common enough in this range coun
try for a score of years. The farmer
sold her because she had small teats
and he had very large hands and rheu
matism to boot and had some diffi
culty in milking this animal.
So I tied the old lady to the tail of
Montana Will Shine at
San Francisco in 1915
Treasure State Preparing for Big Display at
Panama*Pacific International Exposition
| BIRDSEYE VIEW OF THE PANAMA-PACIFIC INTERNATIONAL EXPOSITION AT SAN FRANCISCO IN t
+ 1915 AND DIAGRAM SHOWING THE LOCATION OF MONTANA'S SITE. $
ONTANA will have a magnificent
exhibit at the Panama-Pacific
International Exposition to be
held at San Francisco in 1915 in cele
bration of the completion of the Pan
It will be an exhibit located In three
different exhibit palaces. In the Pal
ace of Agriculture there will be a
large area devoted to the agricultural
products of the state, with practical
exhibitions of the methods of conduct
ing the great industry in this, one of
the richest agricultural states in
America. In the Palace of Horticul
ture there will be an exhibit or what
Montana is doing for the horticultural
Industry, displays of its wonderful
products in fruits and flowers, and
operating representations of the meth
ods by which the remarkable results
are obtained. Montana's mines, and
the great industry of mining, which is
making such rapid advance in the
state, will be represent d in a com
prehensive exhibit in the Palace of
Mines and Metallurgy.
Spaces in these palaces have been
reserved by Dr. J. M. Scanland, who
was sent to San Francisco by Mr. J.
M. Kennedy, secretary of the Expo
sition Commission for the state of
Montana, at whose initiative, with
the co-operation of Governor S. V.
Stewart, action has been taken in the
counties of Montana toward raising
& fund of $25,000 as part of a general
sum to be devoted to Montana's par
ticipation in the greatest celebrution
of a national event which any nation
has ever yet conceived.
State Commissioner Dr. Scanland
visited San Francisco on a special mis
sion of investigation into the condi
tions obtaining at the exposition. With
O thoroughness and earnestness that
has greatly impressed the exposition
officials, Dr. Scanland has completed
his investigation and has declared
that the world's fair of 1915 ofTers to
the state of Montana an opportunity
of proving to the world her great and
nnbounded resources—an opportunity
such as she has never had before.
Dr. Scanland's action in the reserva
tion of space for Montana's represen
tation at the exposition means that the
Treasure State will now be able to put
before the world the cream of her
natural resources, shown in the best
possible way, and at the same time
she will compete with the rest of the
world for the international prizes to
"To miss the opportunity of exhibit
ing alongside the rest of the world at
the exposition," said Dr. Scanland,
"wotfuf be for Montana to pass by the
best and most thorough chance she
my wagon and started to lead her
home. But do you s'pose she led?
Not on your lariat. She just lay down
and turned herself into an anchor. I
had no saddle and I'm not much of a
cow-man anyway, (not kind of a cow
man), so after trying in vain to hire
a broncho-buster to drive the cow in
for me and after wondering whether
it would pay me to go after the cow
again with a high wagon and haul her
home, I told the farmer to call it off
and keep his cow.
The joke is on me all right, for last
week he had a public sale and sold off
his entire place. His rheumatism got
so bad he had to try something less
strenuous than ranching. And what
do you think that old range cow
brought at auction? Just $85 by the
So that's why some fellow with a
little capital ought to go down into
Iowa or Wisconsin and fetch out a lot
of genuinely good dairy stock. He
could make a neat little fortune—
enough at least to make a trip to Chi
cago and put up at the LaSalle for a
week and order a big, fat, juicy por
terhouse steak every day. In this old
cattle country porterhouse steak of
the Chicago brand is as rare as a
A few good cows have been import
ed, but there's room for a whole lot
8ave the Pasture.
Marvelous Montana: One of the
has ever had of showing to the world
that hers is one of the richest states
in America. It is only by comparison
that the value of Montana's products
can be judged as the best that the
country can produce. It is only when
Montana's resources are placed side
by side with those of other states that
their superiority can be estimated.
The exposition offers that opportunity,
and Montana will grasp it and make
exhibits in those departments where
she pre-eminently excels. It will be
an exhibit that will do Montana credit,
add to the interest and attraction of
the exposition and bring incalculable
commercial benefit to the country as
The sum of $25,000, which is being
raised pro rata by the Montana coun
ties for the state's participation in
the Panama-Paciflc International Ex
position, is said to be already more
than half in hand. A site for a build
ing, to be used as a rendezvous for
Montanans during the exposition pe
riod, was selected by Governor Nor
ris last year. It is an ideal location,
facing the waterfront of the bay of
San Francisco and adjacent to it are
the sites of Hawaii and of the states
of Idaho, Kentucky, Missouri and Min
nesota, while New York's pavilion is
close by. So that Montana will be
in good company and in line with the
A more ideal spot could not well
have been chosen. It is the envy of
others who followed in their selection
and will be cherished by those who
are to occupy it. The site commands
a full view of the broad bay where
numerous aquatic events will be held
in connection with the exposition
throughout the year. Yacht races,
motorboat races and the naval sports
will have their center in the waters
of the bay that front the Montana
site. Within hailing distance of the
Treasure State's rendezvous 150 bat
tleships from all the leading powers
of the world will lie at anchor on the
opening day of the exposition and
Montana w T ill be in the very van of
the first big celebrations to be con
ducted on the water.
Nearby also is the race track where
the international events will be con
ducted all the year round, and the
live stock exhibits will be arranged in
a reserved area in close touch with
the state sites.
Exposition preparations are proceed
ing apace and records have already
been established in the building prog
ress of the fourteen exhibit palaces to
be erected by the exposition. These
palaces will form the main feature of
the whole exposition, which is divid
ed into three sections. On the east
of the exhibit palaces will be the
amusement concessions, for which
mistakes made by a great many Mon
tana farmers every spring is that they
turn their stock out on the pastures
too early in the spring. This works
harm in two ways, but the harm to
the pastures is greater than the harm
to the stock. There is not a great
amount of nourishment in the early
slush grass of the spring. If the stock
has been wintered on hay and grain
and then turned out to rustle their
own living as soon as the pastures
begin to look green they are very apt
to eat so much of the grass that they
start to sour and thus are set back in
their development. This delay, while
it is nothing serious, means a few
pounds less in the weight in the fall.
The harm done to the grass, how
ever ,is much more serious. There
can be no healthy growth of grass
unless there is a strong root growth
and a strong root growth is not pos
sible unless there is a good blade
growth also. If the blades of grass
are all eaten off by the stock as soon
as they appear, the roots have little
chance to develop and thus the grass
is injured for the entire season. If
on the other hand the roots are given
a chance to get a good start they de
velop and make a thick sod, which
will grow more grass for the entire
season and be far better able to with
stand the droughts that come later in
the summer. The best insurance for
good pastures the entire summer Is
to keep the stock off until the grass
more than 6,000 applications have
been made up to date. The conces
sions are being granted according to
their value as a means of educative
entertainment and it is predicted that
a more complete aggregation of the
world's best fun makers has never
been brought together. To the west
of the exhibit palaces will be the for
eign and state pavilions. The partici
pation promised by states of the
Union and foreign countries has
reached a record, and everything
promises that the great celebration of
the opening of the Panama canal will
be the greatest international event of
The exposition grounds at Harbor
View—a crescent strip of land border
ing the Golden Gate for a distance of
nearly three miles—are now a scene
of great activity. Machinery Hall,
the first and largest of the fourteen
exhibit palaces to be erected, is on its
way to completion, while five other
palaces are under construction. They
will all be completed by July, 1914,
and will then be ready to receive the
exhibits from all parts of the world—
about seven months before the open
ing of the exposition on Saturday,
Feb. 20, 1915.
In keeping with the pace of prog
ress set by the building of the exhibit
palaces, a similar advance is shown
in other spheres of preparation. A
slogan of the exposition of 1915 has
been that it shall be an exposition
that will be ready. There is assur
ance of the fulfillment of that prom
ise, up to date, and no previous inter
national exposition has been so far
advanced at a date almost two years
before it opens its gates.
One hundred and nineteen conven
tions have been definitely secured for
the exposition year. This is also a
record, and there are still many more
being arranged for. It will mean that
the Panama-Paciflc Exposition will be
the rendezvous of the world in 1915.
The attractions of so immense an
exposition are added to and enhanced
by the climate of California, which
permits of the holding of a celebra
tion during ten consecutive months
and during that time the exposition
grounds will look like a garden in
full bloom. Millions of plants and
flowers and trees are being nurtured
and the mile-long boulevard is sown
with grass and ready for the trans
plantation of avenues of trees as soon
as the nearby palaces are complete .
Dr. Scanland was convinced of the
immensity of the exposition and of
the scope of its purpose and, having
studied the situation well he has re
ported: "The Panama-Pacific Inter
national Exposition of 1915 is Mon
tana's opportunity. And she will
gets a good start in the spring. An
other good way of managing the pas
tures is to take the stock off in the
fall while there is yet time for the
grass to make a little growth. This
late growth grass will cure and pro
tect the sod during the winter by
holding the snow. Then in the spring
the stock must eat it off before they
can get to the green stuff. This gives
them a mixture of dry and wet grass
to start on and gives the new grass
a chance to make good.
Advice to Poultrymen.
The two farmers' bulletins relating
to the poultry industry recently is
sued by the United States department
of agriculture, entitled, "Hints to
Poultry Raisers," and "Important
Poultry Diseases," present to poultry
men a very concise, and at the same
time, comprehensive statement as to
the difficulties encountered and the
best methods of overcoming them.
The selection of a breed suited to
the requirements of the owner, the
artificial and natural incubation and
groodlng, the construction of houses
and fixtures, methods of feeding, egg
production and marketing are covered
In short, terse, convincing statements
in the first-mentioned bulletin.
The second supplements this infor
mation and the other advice as to the
prevention of lice and mites and the
treatment of common diseases, with a
full detailed description of the im
portant diseases affecting fowls and
the remedies which have been found
Contageous diseases and the larger
parasites are the most important ob
stacles which the poultryman has to
overcome to keep his birds in a
healthy condition. Preventive meas
ures are the best and also the cheap
est, because, no matter how large the
first cost, the great loss inflicted by
an epidemic in which a number of
birds may die, is saved, and also the
indirect but greater loss which the
weakened condition and loss of prod
uct cause, is eliminated.
There are, of course, cases in which
medicines may be advantageously
given or applied to sick fowls, but
generally speaking, it is better to kill
all sick birds and thus avoid the
spread of disease to many other birds
in the flock. Then, a sick bird is an
indication that it is more susceptible
to disease than the other birds of the
flock, which, to be strong and healthy,
must be relieved of the menace of
delicate and susceptible members.
Even with fl ocks practically free
from disease germs and parasites, it
requires the utmost watchfulness and
care to maintain them in that condi
tion. There are a number of reasons
given for this, and mature and experi
ence-bought advice is given as to
preparation and maintenance of poul
try houses and yards free from the
germs and parasites which so often
turn a prosperous business into an
other of the many failures at "poultry
raising for profit."
It is the desire of this paper to give
its patrons as complete information
of coming events as is possible. To
this end we publish the following
given us by the management who are :
bringing west the Thaviu Grand j
Opera company and the White City
band. They are to appear in our
Chautauqua this coming summer.
The Thaviu Grand Opera company
does not sing in the afternoon and
the afternoon concerts, as it must save
its voices for the evening work. 1
Pressure on a singer singing grand
opera is tremendous. He must be
equal to the volume of the band, and
at all times the conductor endeavors
to keep his organization in. a more j
quiet tone while the company is sing-1
With the Thaviu Grand Opera com-!
pany is Herr Max Bing, the German j
opera soloist. Mr. Bing is said to be !
a great artist. He has sung in Amer- ]
ica for eighteen seasons with various
operatic companies and always with
great success. He is the oldest mem
ber of the company, but his voice is
still young and fresh and rich in its
brilliancy. As a tenor soloist with
the company, Donald Bouchier, who is
a Frenchman, is almost as famous as
is the American contralto, make the
soloists for the company. As to the
music the opera company will present,
it has been decided to have them use
excerpts from operas rather than one
entire opera throughout. These will
be the more brilliant selections from
Faust, II Trovatore and other well
known operas. We have learned that
in a few places where the Chautauqua
is being held this summer, choruses
are being arranged to sing chorus
numbers with the operatic company
as soloists. Whether or not this is
done here, we shall have a most splen
did time with the White City band
and the Thaviu Grand Opera company
on the fourth day of our coming Chau
Winona Ladies of Indiana.
The Winona Ladies of Indiana have
been doing Chautauqua and lyceum
work for several years. The com
Lewistown - Butte
Great Falls and Helena
| Buffet-Parlor Car serving meals a la carte
8.00 a. m.
7.30 p. m.
8.12 a. m.
7.15 p. m.
8.17 a. m.
7.10 p. m.
8.25 a. m.
... Kington ..
7.00 p. m.
8.45 a. m.
... Rossfork . .
6.40 p. m.
9.00 a. m.
6.25 p. m.
9.25 a. m.
... Moccasin. .
6.00 p. m.
12.35 p. m.
.Great Falls .
2.35 p. m.
12.45 p. m.
Great Falls .
2.20 p. m.
4.10 p. m.
. .. Helena ..
11.00 a. m.
7.55 p. m.
... .Butte... .
8.00 a. m.
An ideal train for a comfortable journey between these
For tickets and information call on your local representative.
J. T. McGaughey, A. G. F. & P. A., Helena, Mont.
Visit Glacier National Park June 15-October 1
pany consists of Miss Lillian Norman,
soprano; Miss Maude Cree, mezzo
soprano; Miss Esther Canter, alto;
Miss Nina Shanklin, contralto. They
will present not only the standard
music, sometimes called classical, but
also popular music, with some novel
ties not often used in concert work.
With them comes the noted Harrell,
of Boston, who is a musical entertain
er and magician of rare ability. It is
regarded as important that our Chau
tauqua has such good programs for
its opening day, and we feel that we
are fortunate in having secured two
such attractions as these.
The new pendent represents a tiny
Sole Agents for
THE OLD RELIABLE
& Fur Co.
207 Fifth Ave. A. L. Hawkins, Mgr.
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