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Fergus County Democrat. (Lewistown, Mont.) 1904-1919, September 23, 1913, Image 3

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Montana Farmer: Each Montana
season has a particular charm of its
own and yet of them all we like fall
the best, for that is the season of con
tentment. All spring and summer na
ture has been working, doing her best
to eive a bounteous yield and now
that the worst of the labor is over,
she is setting her
the coming winter
spring house-cleaning
of a gradual settling; everything is
well trained and does its part with
out haste or effort. The leaves, un
like their sudden bursting in the
spring, drop off slowly one by one;
there are no sudden changes like the
Chinooks of March, but each night is
a little colder, each morning brings
a plainer hint of snow. And the thou
sand and one of nature's creatures and
nature's plants are ready for rest,
are prepared for the coming winter.
Among these myriads of nature's chil
dren there is not one that the season
finds unprepared.
How different it is with nature's
human children. How many of our
farmers could take a lesson from the
wild kindred, the birds, the beasts and
plants of the woodland and have the
seasons find them prepared for what
may come. Instead, the fall finds
many places all hurry and bustle, con-]
fusion abounds and of course much
of the fall work is left undone. This
is partly due to negligence, partly to
an unexpectedly short season, yet if
the work had been planned in ad
vance, all trouble could be avoided.
On some farms things are not this
way, the fall work is done when It
should be, the grain is stacked or
threshed, the machinery is put away
and the fall plowing is finished. And
if it is true on some farms, why not
on all?
In many- places in Montana, espe
cially where the altitude is high, we
do not have a long season. There
are few, if any, places in the state
where the season is too short to grow
crops if the farmer will take advan
tage of all the good weather that he
gets. In some localities the springs
are late, the frost may go out of the
ground early but the spring rains and
snows keep the ground too wet to
plow. There comes a few days of
warm, dry weather and the farmer
gets his plowing done, but mayhap
the rain comes again before the grain
drills start working. It may not be'
dry again for a week or more. Now
if that farmer had practiced fall plow-!
ing, he would have been able to put
his drills in the field early, almost as
soon as the plows did go in, and he
would have had his crop in a week or
two earlier and had the benefit of all
the rains that followed.
While fall plowing is not always ad
visable, still as a general thing it is
the best crop insurance that a farmer
of and Dealer
All Repairs
Given Prompt
Sign of the
Big Collar
109 Main St.
Lewistown Hide
& Fur Co.
207 Fifth Ave. A. L. Hawkins, Mgr.
m ^ m ^ ^
Wc guarantee perfect fitting teeth. The highest class
of dental work at prices which you cannot afford to
overlook. High grade work—none better at any price.
Best sets of teeth..................$15.00
Crown and bridge work, gold....... 7.00
Fillings......................... 1.00 up.
(No Charge for Examination)
ca n have. It gains him time in the
spring, he gets his crop in earlier.;
Then the ground is in better condition,
The alternate thaws and freezing of
the winter time break up the soil par
ticles, liberate plant food and mellow
the soil. The rough surface of the
fall-plowed land offers a better place
for the snow in winter, it does not
blow' off so easily and when it melts,
more of the moisture gets in the
ground. With fall plowing many more
weeds are killed than is the case
where the land is broken up in the
spring and many a destructive insect
5 up . a ls J eft exposed to the elements
d " r j?5 v,?„ f . ; < l 0urse ! ln lands
uul ujio
does not happen often in'Montana,
Where land ls fall plowed and disked
afterwards and then double disked In,
the spring, it offers as fine a seed-bed
as can be obtained by any method
and moreover the seed-bed is timely,
it is ready when you want it.
re realize just as well as you do:
that it is sometimes difficult to plow I
in the fall, that early frosts take hold
of the land and you are prevented j
from plowing, when otherwise you
would. That is often the case, but
get ahead of those frosts. They won't
come the middle of October in most
places. There is always plenty of
time to plow in the fall if you wish to.
Don't keep putting it off, we know
how that is for we have tried it our
selves. Set a date for your plowing,
a date when you think from past ex
perience that the ground will be right
and plow on that day or earller> lf
you poS sibly can. Go into this with
the idea that you are going to get your
land plowed this fall, make up your
mind to do that, and ten chances to
one, winter will find you with all your
acres broken and ready for the spring
Winter Wheat Planting.
It has been hot and sultry back
there in the Twin Cities, those days
in early spring, the Dakotas were flat
and uninteresting, but once we had
crossed the Montana line everyone
seemed to take a new lease on life.
The air, filtered over those snow
| capped peaks far to the front of us,
| seemed more vital and at the same
j time more soothing, says the Montana
| Farmer. The traveling man in the
smoking room had stopped mopping
j his brow, the girls on the back plat
j form w ere not resorting to their van
ity boxes so often, even tired baby In
i section 3 has ceased its whimpering
; and was now sleeping, curled up on
j a pillow.
On either side of us stretched the
fleeting Montana landscape, the long
acres of wheat fields marked off by
buttes and table mountains, now close
j at hand, now stretching away into the
hazy distance. The wheat fields were
i of many different shades, here one
with the green of the sprouting wheat
just discernable above the dark earth,
j farther on another field several inches
high, its green a dark, vivid, healthy
color, unspoken evidence of the thriv
ing condition of the crop. Here in
eastern Montana with the climatic and
soil conditions the same, there was
wheat in every stage of growth, from
the veriest sproutling to big, vigorous
wheat that gave promise to a bumper
crop. Why did this difference exist
Coming down through the Rocky
canyon into the Gallatin, farther on
along the banks of the Missouri, even
westward into the Bitter Root, we no
ticed the same conditions. Here
would be a field of waving, growing
wheat that had a good start, more
than an even chance of escaping any
drought that might come later in the
summer, while near it, not in another
part of the state, but in the very next
j field, would be wheat that was just
breaking through the surface of a most
uneven seed-bed. Again we ask, why
does this difference exist?
Between eastern and western Mon
tana there are hundreds of miles,
many mountains and a wide variance
of altitudes, but between one adjoin
ing field and another there is little
room for change, the conditions must
be much the" same! ^They "areThe
same, generally speaking, except in
one respect, and herein enters the per
sonal equation, for the difference, the
cause of variance in the condition of
the wheat lies, not in the wheat or
climate, but the farmer.
Winter wheat is one of the principal
crops of Montana. When properly
planted and cultivated it is the surest
! crop we have. Planted in the late
| summer and fall, there is generally
! ample moisture to germinate it. With
| a good start in the fall it attains a
| growth that affords protection for the
plants in the winter. The spring rains
and snows nurse it along, the June
rains play their part, so that with a
good rain or two in the summer time
we always get a crop. With the re
sult of a successful crop stored in our
granaries or already hauled to the ele
vator, we are too often tempted to wax
careless and put off planting our next
year's wheat until it is too late for
best results. We get a crop, that is
true, but think how much better crop
we might have obtained had we got
ten our wheat in two weeks earlier.
Fall wheat is safe from winter killing
if it has not started to joint. We are
speaking nere of the part of the plant
j above ground. In many years' experi
■ ence in Montana we have never seen
wheat injured by being too large in
the fall, by being planted too early.,
On the other hand, we'would never
attempt to count the fields where the
yield has been made lighter by being
put in too late.
There are some farmres who will
disagree with us in this respect. In
some sections of the state, or rather
on some farms, the planters do not
care whether the wheat comes up in
the fall or not. This may be all right
"'LL 1ca " set good yield!
„ ucal U1
the wheat that has had a chance to
get a good, vigorous start in the fall,
This wheat has better protection in
the winter time, it holds more snow
and the frost and thaws of early spring
do not affect it so easily. And when
the big thaw comes in the spring, 1
when the warm Chinook winds coax it
I into growth, the root system is better
developed and in far more advan
j tageous position to absorb the plant
food that is released in the soil. The
wheat is in a position to take advan
tage of every help that nature offers, j
The wheat that is just sprouting has,
a handicap to overcome. Sometimes 1
it does it, that is true, but such will
not happen every year and the totaled
average of season after season leans
heavily towards the wheat that is
Pl n t ! d 1 Ll n £ e .? alL
T h ! d«fI Ll £ .? , ,| v,*t
The date for planting fall wheat is
not fixed. Every locality and every
altitude differs. For some, the first
of August is not too early or even the
last weeks in July, while for others,
middle September is not too late. We
have seen good wheat of October and;
even November plantings, but these
are the exception. If you did not get
a good crop this year, if your neigh
bor was more timely in his planting,
take the hint from him, he will be
more than glad to tell you when he
planted. Look to it that you are not
too late. Take every advantage you
can of the climate and the season,
There is little or no danger of your
getting your wheat in too early, so
long as you put it in when the soil
is right for a quick and speedy ger
mination. Talk this over with the
other fellow, see if next year our crop
won t be a bit more uniform and pros
perity be more evenly distributed.
Montana Farmer: For years one of
the greatest losses to the wheat farm-;
er has been the shattering of the grain
when it was cut. It has long been a
question just when is the best time to
cut wheat. If it is let go too long it
will shatter badly, and on the other
hand, if it is cut too early it will im
pair the flour-making substance of the
cereal. The state college of Washing
ton is carrying on an investigation,
now in its second year, of this subject
and some conclusions have been
It is found that two or three weeks
before the wheat is dead ripe it con
tains some forty per cent moisture
and this is the time when wheat
should be cut. When the amount Jf:
water in the kernel decreases to aboit
forty per cent the development ceasjs
and when the grain is dead ripe tie
moisture content is around fifteen per
cent. Tests made on grain that lad
been allowed to stand in the field un
til it was dead ripe showed no advin
tage, either in quality nor quanti.y,
over grain that had been cut two or
three weeks earlier. j
There are several advantages of cut
ting the grain earlier. One of the I
greatest, as was stated above, is the:
saving of a loss through shattering.!
The loss is a serious one in many b
calities and if it can be avoided, thou
sands of dollars will be saved for the
irZrVvf th f coantry - Another thir.g
* n 11 ** 16 grains are liab e
to he bleached by rains or are liable
* iii ,
hv hnf rirv
'test* mnlntc/i „i„ ^ !1? a ? d bakin F
ment nrnvea the? s Z\
nf thP k P ™?i a i a f adaal , drying ° ut
flour. Then, toi. when the harvest
season is more extended there is less
liable to be a rush of work to crowd
tne farmer and not so much wheat on
the market all at once
Prof. George A. Olsen is in charge
of the investigation and at present he
is rather cautious in telling farmers
just when to harvest their grain The
average farmer has no means of de
termining the moisture content the
way the college determines the proper
time to harvest, and so further infor
mation is required. This season Prof I
Olsen is making notes of the color of
the wheat, the straw, the leaves and
stems, in order to give the farmers
something to work with. This will
enable the grower to estimate when
the water content of the wheat ap
proaches forty per cent. i
This experiment corrects the quite
prevalent opinion that wheat keeps on
growing in the field until it is dead
ripe. According to the Washington
data, there are no chemical changes
in the wheat after the moisture con-,
tent gets down to forty per cent ex-j
cept the further loss of moisture. If
wheat is cut at this time it is just as
good for all purposes and the yield is
fully as heavy. Of course when wheat
Is cut early in this manner it must be
given more time to cure in the shock
before it is threshed. The further de
velopments of this experiment will be
watched with interest by wheat grow
ers all over the northwest
j Brazil's Rubber,
Indianapolis News: A large part of
the world's supply of crude rubber
comes from the republic of Brazil
which has hitherto paid little ntten
tlon to the manufacture of that com
moditv. Another day is coming,
Brazil is about to engage intelligently
rope, by bringing in a new and for
midable competitor. Le Bresll Econo
mique of itio Janeria says that under
favorable conditions offered by govern
nient refineries of caoutchous (rub
ber) will be established in a number
of states and factories for the manu
facture of rubber articles in the cities
of Manaos, Belem in Para, Recife and
Bahia. There will be special exernp
tion in the duties upon articles im
ported for the carrying forward of
this enterprise.
Trusting a Mexican Bandit.
Everybody in Mexico goes about
armed. Even the passenger trains on
most of the railroads are guarded by
detachments of soldiers who ride in
lspecial cars ' while on every station
. ., ,
platforra are seen rural guards armed
with carabines, ready for an erner
gency. Foreigners have to adapt them
selves to the custom of going about
armed or else make themselves un
favorably conspicuous in the eyes of
the natives. It was a novel experl
ence, however, to see railroad sur
veyors, when occupied with their
peaceful work, armed to the teeth
with knives and revolvers. As a mat
ter of fact, arms were rarely required
in Mexico as a means of defense. As
everywhere else, it is well to remem
ber, iiowever, to keep cool and iprget
that you are armed, in case of a quar
In this connection, the principal lo
eating engineer of the road had an ex
perience at which he displayed some
nerve. He had to make a reconnols
sauce of a mountain range called the
sierra Gorda, said to be infested with
cut-throats. He was warned to let the
district alone, but duty prevailed, and
he went. When reaching a ranch near
the summit at sundown, he and his at
tendant were met by four men whose
law-breaking propensities required no
further introduction than their faces,
They took hold of the party's horses,
told the engineer and his attendant to
dismount, and made no effort to con
ceal the fact that they were there
for business. The engineer complied
smilingly, and going up to the lead
er, mystified that individual by ask
ing him to step aside.
"I am told that it is unsafe to travel
in these mountains," he whispered,
"Will you not, therefore, oblige me
by taking care of my property and
allow us to remain under your roof
until morning." With that he handed
over his watch, money and other
things and the astonished thief, who
was probably for the first time in his
life treated to the novelty of being
trusted, not only let the engineer have
the best of his house, but handed him
back his property in the morning and
furnished him with two cut-throats to
serve as an escort during the rest of
his journey.
I ----
a Problem in the Gold Supply,
Tp . . .. .
^ there be any truth in the con
tention that the increase of gold sup
ply has been a potent cause in moving
price8 upW ard, why has not the inter
es j- ra (- e on gold declined?
This should be the logical and nat
ural consequence unless some other
causes liae supervened. That the la
terest rate has advanced during re
cent years no one will dispute. The
jf a g ' Ish and c « ntinental financial pub
Beat.ionsespecially are constantly dis
Cu ™, ng the P robIem -
argeddernand comes from
we B"fi e fined sources, the need of
,he merchant for more capital in con
sft( inence of the higher prices he must
pa y for his merchandise, besides the
additional capital needed for business
extension; the other enlarged demand
comes from tho railroads and other
gre , at enterprises for the extension of
lbeir business.
I These two facts, the enlarged de
mand for capital and the higher inter
RSt rate cannot be reconciled with the
l )rese nt high prices for commodities,
We must therefore account for their
advance in some other way than the
enlarged gold supply. If gold is so
i abundant as to send the prices of coin
modities upward, surely it should send
the Interest rate downward. The new
S° ld supply cannot act on prices for
commodities and rates for the use of
money in directly opposite ways, send
in S the price of the one up and the oth
er down.
It is true the assertion has been dar
ingly mentioned that the interest rate
i bas been advanced to cover gold de
j predation. This is a purely imaginary
assertion, contradicted by the entire
world of finance and business. It ls
hopeless to attempt to enlighten any
one who will thus disregard plain fact.
For if any fact has been established in
recent times it Is the fact that the
lenders of money have advanced rates,
not to cover past, present, or future
depreciation of gold, but because the
demand for money, credit or capital,
for the reasons above explained, has
vastly increased.—North American Re
Vegetable Kingdom Wonders.
Hunting wild animals may be all
right so far as it goes, but how much
more romance and how much more
value to the world there is in hunt
ing for wild vegetables and plants
which can be made use of for the
benefit of humanity. F. N. Meyer, the
government agricultural explorer, has
started on another trip to China and
Siberia in search for new fruit novel
ties which can be introduced into this
country. He will be gone three years
and during that time will travel with
his own caravan In the wildest parts
of eastern Asia.
Whenever he hears of a remarkable
fruit he will follow it up, and get seeds
or cuttings from the tree. These will
be sent to Washington for propaga
tion and study. Owing to the great
distance it is difficult to make scions
or cuttings preserve their vitality so
they can be made to grow. One of
the objects of this long journey is to
procure cuttings of the famous Feit
Ching peach of China. This peach
grows so that it weighs as much as
three pounds. On a former trip Mr.
Meyer got cuttings from It, but they
refused to live when grafted on Amer
ican stock. Stones from the peaches
have been planted, but there is little
hope from them, for peach seedlings
seldom come true to variety or are
of much merit.—Brooklyn Eagle.
How to Cut a Glass Bottle.
It is sometimes necessary to cut a
heavy glass bottle or cylinder. Four
methods are in use. A carborundum
disc having a thin edge, if kept wet
and rotated at a high speed, will cut
heavy glass, tmt the cylinder must be
Let Your Money Work
For You
fVPEN a savings account and you
^ will be astonished how fast mon
ey will grow. We pay five per cent
interest compounded semi-annually and accept
accounts irom one dollar up. A safety deposit
box for twenty-one cents per month.
Empire Bank and Trust Company
Lewistown, Montana
Edwin L. Norris, President George B. Conway, Secretary and Auditor
H B. Palmer, s. D. Cook,
Vice President and Treasurer Vice-Pres. and Supt. of Agencies
Dr. E. D. Nash, Chief Veterinarian
Helena, Montana
Judith Gap, Mont., Aug. 12, 1913,
Montana Livestock & Casualty Insurance Co.,
Helena, Mont.
Gentlemen: I have just received your draft for one thousand dollars In
full payment of my claim for the death of my Shire stallion, "Klnsal
Lad," No. 7726, insured by you for that amount on May 24th. I com
mend your plan of Insurance to every stockgrower, and thank you for
your prompt settlement of the loss, just four days after the death of the
horse. Yours truly,
(Signed) A. A. COSLET.
E. L. SHEPARD, District Manager
Now that we are threshing another year's crop, we are in a position
to figure the returns on the year's work. As a whole, we have good
crops this year and In some localities the yields are big. The vital ques
tion is: "Are we getting the most out of the farm?"
Remember, we have to pay a heavy freight rate to get our wheat to
market, and wages for farm help are high. If you figure your cost of
breaking, cultivation, twine, harvesting, threshing and hauling, you will
find even in raising 20-bushel wheat that the profits are not large. How
then are we going to make bigger profits?
P. J. Grie8naner, of Denton, Montana, has become wealthy and his
"Golden Gate Ranch" is famous as a slock ranch. He has secured his
success through diversified farming methods. He raises cattle and hogs,
corn, alfalfa, wheat, oats and barley, but instead of selling his grain at
so much per bushel, he feeds it and gets threo times the market price
of hig grain in the shape of high-priced pork. Mr. Griesnaner has dem
onstrated where the big profits are, and his example would be a good one
to follow.
We will be glad to discuss the possibilities of corn or any other ques
tion pertaining to better farming methods at the Home of Quality Goods.
Ask your neighbor; he knows
fed against the wheel very gently.
A better way ls to make a file mark
—clean, but not very deep—around the
cylinder and heat It with a long, slen
der flame while slowly rotating the
cylinder all the time. It is very im
portant that the gas flame should not
spread over the surface of the glass,
for It is only the file mark that should
be heated. A mere glancing touch ls
sufficient. Usually the glass will crack
off in n very clean cut.
Sometimes a fine platinum wire la
wound around in the file mark and
! hented by an electric current. Less
common is the trick of wrapping a
strand of yarn soaked In turpentine
! around the mark and burning it. The
principle is the same in each case.
The unequal heating of the glass
causes it to break.—New York Press.
"Your brother who waits on the
table is much more countrified than
you,' remarked the summer boarder.
"He's a regular rube."
"That Isn't my brother," replied the
farmer's daughter. "He's an actor
j papa hired in the city to kid the
| guests."—Judge.

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