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The Fergus County Democrat, Inc., Sworn Statement
Statement of the ownership, management, circulation, etc., of the Fer gus County Democrat, published weekly, Tuesday, at Lewistown, Fergus county, Montana, as required by the act of August 24, 1912. Editor—E. G. Ivins, Lewistown, Mont. Business Manager—H. E. Lay, Lewistown, Mont. Publisher—Fergus County Democrat, Inc., Tom Stout, president. Owners holding 1 per cent or more of the capital stock: TOM STOUT, Lewistown, Mont. LELA W. STOUT, Lewistown, Mont. J. T. WUNDERLIN, Lewistown, Mont. H. E. LAY, Lewistown, Mont. E. G. IVINS, Lewistown, Mont. Known bondholders, mortgagees and other security holders, holding 1 per cent or more of total amount of bonds or other securities: None. Average number of copies of each issue of this publication sold or distributed, through the mails or otherwise, to paid subscribers during six months preceding Oct. 1, 1913 (Not required of weekly publications). H. E. LAY, Business Manager. Subscribed and sworn to before me this 24th day of October, 1913. (Notarial Seal) F. D. TALLMAN, Notary Public for the State of Montana, Residing at Lewistown. My Com mission Expires May 8, 1916. Fergus County Democrat The Official Paper of Fergus County Published by FERGUS COUNTY DEMOCRAT, Inc. Tom Stout____________________ President Harry E. Lay_................................Manager E. G. Ivins..................... Editor Entered at the postoffice at Lewis town, Montana, as second-class matter. Subscribers, Notice—In ordering your paper changed to a new address, mention old address also, to insure prompt delivery. Subscribers falling to receive their papers will please notify this office. Make checks and money orders payable to County Democrat. Fergus SUBSCRIPTION: $250 1.25 . 1.00 For foreign subscriptions add postage. MAKE LEWISTOWN A BETTER PLACE IN WHICH TO LIVE. Lewistown, Montana............Oct. 28, 1913 THE BEST IS YET TO COME. The important announcement in the Pemocrat that_ ^_Grea^ Northern had | begun track laying in Dawson county from the eastern border westward on its Great Falls-Lewistown-New Rock ford cutoff attracted general attention, bringing a realization of the vast im portance of this line. It will, as we here thoroughly understand, result in a big saving in time and distance in the haul to the coast and there is every reason to expect that the great er part of the railway's traffic, pas senger and freight, destined to the coast, will be carried over this Lew istown-Great Falls cutoff. This seems certain because it will be to the ad vantage of the railway company, the shippers and the travelers to come this way. By the time the long tun nels east of here are finished a large portion of the track will be laid and, while no great noise is being made about it, the work being done shows that the company is not going to lose any time in getting the line in opera tion and securing the benefit of the immense tonnage that awaits it. In something like another year the Dem ocrat expects to see Lewistown en joying the benefits that will corse from being located on a transcontinental line. About the end of this year the Mil waukee will be running its trains from Great Falls to Lewistown and on east as far as Grass Range, and work is now in progress on the shops south of the city limits. The next move will be to build on to a connection with the main line on the Musselshell and out from Great Falls to Missoula, thus completing another notable time and distance saving cutoff. By that time the Soo will be through here, and with the extensions out from Hilger, Lewistown will be provided with the best railway facilities enjoyed by any city in the state. Both the Great Northern and Mil waukee understand what all this means for Lewistown. The terminals they have secured here and the char acter of the buildings they are erect ing shows that they anticipate a great er future for this city within the next four or five years than most of us even yet grasp., A REPROACH TO RU88IA. As the details of the trial at Kieve, Russia, of Mendal Beiliss, a Jew, be come known there is revealed a depth of race hatred hardly conceivable in a civl lzed nation. The case has now come to assume the greatest import ance in the eyes of the world and even countries usually looked upon as anti Semetic are astounded at the diaboli cal nature of the plot which has brought the Beiliss case into exist ence. Except in special reports se cured by the largest journals in this country, the details of the trial are not given, but the Associated Press has managed to present from day to day most of the developments at Kieve. It will be interesting to read ers of the Democrat to learn the na ture of the proceeding. Briefly, a Christian child in that city was many months ago found murdered. A con siderable time thereafter Beiliss, a Jewish workman at a brick manufac turing plant was arrested charged with the crime. Neither at the time of his arrest nor since the trial be gan haB any evidence worthy of the slightest consideration been adduced th ~e ~Kishineff" massacTe oTVsoilT'Vor while the poor Jewish laborer is alone to connect the defendant with the kill ing. Instead, a collateral issue was raised at the very beginning of the trial. This was the allegation that the child was killed in order that Christian blood might be secured for mixing with unleavened bread for Jews to eat at the feast of the Pass over. The use of the blood for this precise purpose could not be shown and then it was claimed that the blood was used in the ceremony of laying a corner stone for a Jewish hospital. Immediately it was shown by positive testimony that the corner stone was laid days before the murder was com mitted. This did not daunt the perse cutors, who next came forward with the general accusation that the Jews used the blood of Christian victims in their ritual work. Long declarations went In as evidence in support of this proposition, the testimony going so far afield that at the conclusion of the sitting one day counsel for the accused called the attention of the court to the fact that during an entire day's testimony the name of the defendant had never once been mentioned. In this phase the real motive back of the trial stands revealed. It is to further deepen the hatred of the Russians for the Jews. The poor Russian "Chris tians," steeped in ignorance and sat urated with superstition, are led to believe in this "ritualistic murder" yarn and the solemn oath of more than seven hundred Jewish rabbis to the effect that any "blood ritual" is un known to the Jewish faith, has not the slightest weight with this class; in deed, it is doubtful if the ignorant Russians will ever know of it. It is all part and parcel of a wide spread plot for an anti-Jewish propa ganda in Russia, through which it is hoped to bring about repetitions of charged with the murder, the six mil lion Jews in Russia are at the same time charged with this "blood ritual." In Chicago last week a monster meeting was held to express the in dignation felt by intelligent people everywhere at this proceeding. The speakers included Father O'Callaghan, head of the Paulist Fathers in Chi cago; Jane Addams, tfenkin Lloyd Jones, Booker T. Washington, Prof. George Burnam Foster, Judge E. O. Br%wn and others, and was of the same character as similar meetings held during the week at Philadelphia, New York, Boston, and on west, a great meeting having been held in San Francisco Sunday night. The Anglican church has voiced its protest and the vigorous declaration of the Archbishop of Canterbury shows how widespread is the indignation felt. As a Chicago speaker said, the swell ing voice of protest bids fair to pene trate the palace of the czar. The Chicago Tribune declares that this farcial trial, originally planned, no doubt, to be unheard of outside of Russia, is a challenge to the "dearest bought victory of progress" and a real ization of this must come to the Rus sian government. And it is the high duty of European and American peo pies to bring this realization by a pro test which cannot be ignored by any nation which hopes to keep a place in the honor of the modern world. MR. ALDRICH DARKENING COUNSEL. Chicago Record-Herald: We are not among those who attribute the opposi tion to the pending currency bill on the part of leading advocates of the so-called Aldrich scheme to mere dis appointment and spite. There were good features in the scheme to which the name of the retired senator was attached, but that scheme is dead and everybody who sees facts when they stare him in the face knows it. The proposed alternative may have weak nesses, but it is one thing to suggest further improvements and another to attack it unfairly and to excite par tisan and class prejudice against it. The speech of ex-Senator Aldrich at the New York currency conference was utterly unworthy of him. It was chiefly an appeal to prejudice. It had too many empty epithets and plain distortions. To call the Glass-Owen bill popu listic and socialistic is to darken coun se merely. To describe it as partisan is to do violence to truth and fact, since forty Republicans and Progres sives voted for it in the house and since nothing whatever has been done or said by its sponsors to give it a partisan character. Mr. Aldrich went so far as to say that the bill embodies "Bryanite" doc trines repeatedly condemned at the polls. This is wholly untrue. The im plied charge, that there is greenback ism or fiat-moneyism in the bill, is baseless. The new currency provided for is a bank note currency in every proper sense of the term. It would be issued at the demand of the banks, in response to business needs, and it would represent solid commercial as sets. There is no violation of eco nomic law; on the contrary, there is a great victory here for modern and scientific economic teaching as to cur rency and credit. The intemperate extremists are the ones who are play ing into the hands of greenbackers and fiat-money theorists. To Bqph in temperate critics their more moderate friends should earnestly copimeqd the example of the National Chamber of Commerce, of the National Citizens' League and the independent and dis interested press of the country. We quote from the latest issue of Bank ing Reform, the organ of the National Citizens' League: It has been stated many times in these columns that the machinery by whose operation the principles (of banking reform) enunciated were to be given operation might assume any one of many forms. The monetary commission evolved one form, the Glass committee evolved another. Neither is perfect in anticipated oper ation. It is doubtful if any machinery will be perfect until made over after practical test. But either plan has obvious merits and forms a basis on which can be built up an operating success. This is the spirit that will give us currency reform. Reactionary and demagogic denunciation should be re sented and rebuked even by critics of the pending measure. "B. C." ON THE TARIFF. A characteristic and very interest ing editorial on "The Woolgrower and the Tariff" appears in the last issue of the Buffalo Review. This vigorous and able presentation of the subject is. of course, from the pen of "the grand old Roman," Hon. B. C. White, and we are sure it will interest all our readers. It is as follows: The Underwood-Simmons tariff bill has been enacted into law and signed by the president. The business of the country is going serenely forward and business men are optimistic. The pro ducer can get cash in hand for every thing he has to sell, and a fair price; In Borne instances a fabulous price, for instance, the price of a fat steer or fat cow. The tariff bill has gone into effect without a jar. Not only has it been a long fight for the Democratic party to get the tariff bill enacted in to law, but it has demonstrated that the calamity howlers have been howl ing for party purposes. The stand pat, pie-counter woolgrowers have bawled calamity, disaster, bankruptcy, panic of '93, to their timid brethern in the business until those self-same timid flockmasters have thought that the world was coming to an end should a Democratic president be elected, and that they and their fami lies were doomed to evarlasting damnation. Some of those innocent ones have come up to me at wool growers' conventions and said with a voice full of tears: "Why, B. C., you're not a democrat, are you?" "Sure I am." "Why, how can you be a demo crat and a woolgrower?" "Simple enough, I believe the Jeffersonian prin ciples of government, viz.: 'Equal rights for all and special privileges for none.' I am willing to take my medicine with everybody else. I want the woolgrowers to have an even break with all the rest of the fellow*:'' 'But it's free wool! You know what the panic of '93 did to us. You don't want to go through with another such a terrible time?" "No, no more 'panic of '93' for me. I do not believe that the panic of '93 was due to free wool. Wool, of course, sold way dow n for six and seven cents per pound. I also saw good horses sold for $1.50 per head In Lewistown. The panic was not be cause of free wool or the Democratic administration. It was simply a busi ness condition, and prevailed in other countries also." These questions as set forth above have been presented to us every year since the panic of '93. It is an actual fact that nearly every woolgrower in Fergus county is a Republican, and some good fellows whom I know and who were pretty good Democrats twen ty years ago, are all Republicans now. The woolgrowers have been terrified for twenty years by the specter of the panic of '93 and have been held in the Republican party like bondsmen by scare talk, while the eastern manufac turers have had their hands in his pocket, and every time th-y have 'touched" him, they have whispered in his ear, "Panic of '93." If a fellow did not get in and drill for the Repub lican tariff he was discriminated against and ostracized. What about the present tariff on wool. Wool has sold for a good price all this year, and sheep, at this writing, command good prices and buyers are after them. If you doubt it, get the circular letters sent out by any livestock commission house of Chicago or watch the news items in the papers. Here is one taken from the Great Falls Tribune of Oct. 11, only laBt Saturday: "For the purpose of negotiating the purchase of several bunches of sheep for shipment to feeding yards, J. A. Hanlon, secretary and treasurer of the Billings Gazette and the Billings Jour nal. and William Rea, Jr., of the big stock firm of Rea Bros., arrived in the city yesterday from Billings, accom panted by Messrs. Noble and Carmody, of Lander, Wyo., and Smiley, of Belle Fourche, S. D., and will spend several days in this city and vicinity. Messrs Noble, Carmody and Smiley, all stock men, are in search of sheep for breed ing purposes and expect to make the purchase of about 10,000 ewes with which to replenish their ranges They are negotiating with J. B. Long & Co. for these sheep and will doubtless close a deal in a day or so after they have inspected the sheep. Mr. Rea is interested in the purchase of these and other bunches of sheep, his firm having already made the purchase in this part of Montana this season of about 60,000 head of sheep, some of which has been shipped to the Chi cago market, some shipped to the Yel lowstone country for wintering, and some breeding stock has been sold Lander, Wyo., men. Mr. Hanlon — after about 5,000 head of sheep, which he will place on his Yellowstone ranch to be fattened for the Seattle market. Does the above look as though blue ruin was going to befall the woolgrow ing industry on account of a demo cratic administration? Here is some more, along the same line. w « 8 , J a blg sale of sheep by the Butterfield Land & Livestock Co. GOOD YESTERDAY TODAY AND ALWAYS HTHE simple principle of "SECURITY FIRST" has always ruled at the Bank of Fergus County, TT reserves its aid for legitimate enterprises, ^ always mindful of the fact that depositors' funds must have every safeguard. OUCCEEDING for Twenty-six years under this pol ^ icy, we invite bnsiness today on the same basis, but m Pith greater pother to serOe. Bank of Fergus County LEWI8TOWN, MONTANA Total Capital, Surplus and Reserve......$587,176.07 Resources...........................$2,041,460.95 at Weiser, Idaho, from Sept. 16 to 20. Thos. Nicholson, of Hobson, went over to the sale. Below is given the range and prices at the sale. The writer wanted a car of bucks. Here is what Mr. Nicholson says In a letter to the editor: "I got back from Weiser, Idaho, Fri day night. I did not purchase any rams for you as the price was very high. Ram lambs averaged near $25 and as high as $32 was paid. I pur chased 100 Hampshire ewe lambs, ocsting me there $9.12 per head. I bought a Rambuulett ram lamb, cost ing me $50, and I also purchased 25 Ramboulett yearling registered ewes at $25 per head. The Ramboulett rams sold for $100 each and some as high as $215 each. A man from Wyoming bought over 1,000 head of Hampshire ewes and most of the show bucks, pay ing as high as $140 for one. The buy ers came from Arizona, New Mexico, Wyoming, Washington and Oregon. 1 was the only buyer from Montana. The buyers were after good stuff and were willing to pay the price." The above facts can be pondered over by the knockers who were going to have the woolgrowing industry ab solutely ruined by the Wilson adminis tration. Sheepmen from six of the largest wool-growing states in the United States were at the Weiser sale with their money and eager bidders of prices at the sale. The writer It is a conclusive demonstration that the ruin to the woolgrower was all punk and buncombe. Here were these sheepmen buying high-priced sheep in the face of a free wool bill pending in congress and sure to pass. Washington, D. C., Oct. 23, 1913. There are about one hundred and fifty members of the lower house of congress here in Washington at the present time, but so far as their activi ties in the house itself are concerned, they might as well follow the example of their brethern, who have flitted to their respective places of abode for some well-earned rest and recreation. The house meets regularly every day at twelve o'clock, noon, but that es teemed publication known as the Con gressional Record reveals that abso lutely nothing is being done. But for the fact that Jim Mann is forcing a roll call to exhibit the lack of a quorum, it is doubtful if there would be more than fifty of the four hun dred and thirty members here in the city. There being no quorum^ of course no business can be done ex cept with the unanimous consent of those present, and no legislation of the slightest importance can be enact ed under those conditions. Mann's purpose for demanding a roll call every day is, as he frankly states, for the purpose of exhibiting before the country the fact that not a sufficient number of democrats to constitute a quorum are here on the job, and this, according to the reasoning of the Re publican leader, constitutes deep-dyed official obliquity on the part of the majority members. The democrats, however, are not seriously concerned over this issue. They contend that the house has done all that congress was called in special session to do, pass a good tariff bill. It has even done more. It has passed a currency and banking bill, with which the up per branch is now wrestling. Having done this and after having remained here throughout an exceedingly long and hot summer, the boys earnestly feel that they are entitled to a little vacation before entering upon another long and trying session, which will convene in December. It is not only the Democrats, but the Republicans and Progressives also feel this way about it. The boys on the minority side of the house are quite witling to lay up all of the political thunder they o n c^Tn-Pniently acquire, but it is also observable that only about one In four of them thinks enough of Jim Mann's little roll call scheme to remain here and answer when their names are called, and about three out of four of those remaining here would like mighty well to go home and see the folks. * * * I have talked with a number of my colleagues who went home but have now returned to the capital. Almost without exception, the Democrats say that they found the Wilson sentiment rampant in their respective districts. After talking things over with their neighbors in the stores and shops and on the farms of their districts, the fellows are coming back to Washing ton with reinforced determinations to lend their hearty efforts to the con genial task of upholding the hands of the president. There can be no ques tion but that President Wilson has grown steadily in the estimation of the country since the day of his in auguration or that today he is as popu lar with the masses of the people as any man who ever held the exalted office of chief magistrate of the na tion. * * * It is a recognized fact that the fu ture of the Democratic party depends very largely upon the success or fail ure of President Wilson's leadership and that the success of his leadership hinges largely upon his ability to in duce congress to act in harmony with the programs which he maps out. A lack of solidarity, internal bickerings and contentions put the Democrats out of power in 1896 and kept them out for sixteen years. It remains to be seen whether or not that bitten ex perience has taught them wisdom. The record which has been achieved during the first six months of the pres ent administration would indicate that it has. No president ever dominated his party in congress more complete ly than did Wilson during tue long and exhaustive consideration of the tariff. He did it with such infinite tact so graciously and yet so firmly, that, while there were mutterings of dis satisfaction heard occasionally, no concerted antagonism was created, no schisms opened up within the ranks. The president's task was made all the easier by the splendid support accord ed him by Underwood, Clark, Simmons and other big leaders on both sides of the capitol, but it was a great victory for his leadership none the less. * * • The president's good luck remained with him insofar as having the lower house accede to his wishes when the currency and banking bill was taken up. As in the case of the tariff, he got that bill through the house just as he desired it. But when the measure went to the senate committee on bank ing and currency, it quickly became apparent that the president's control over the legislative branch of the gov ernment was to be put to a severe test. To begin with, there are a num ber of Democratic senators who did not want to take up currency and banking legislation at this session. Some of these men are members of the senate committee to which the measure was sent. It was with any thing but a favorable state of mind that they entered upon the considera tion of the measure. Added to these potentially recalcitrants were the Re publicans, very few, if any, of whom were in favor of the house bill or any other bill at the present session. At that time it certainly looked a bit Look Look AND SEE WEST LEWISTOWN GROW Now is the time to buy a home. Nice four room bungalow, up to date with fence and out buildings. Very cheap. Two room cottage with chicken house and out buildings and good well of finest water. Fine lots; all 50x122. Don't miss this chance. Call and see the owner on the grounds, six blocks west of the court house. Good homes. Now is the time to get one. Don't forget but call at once. F. E RICE, LEWISTOWN MONTANA dark for the second half of the presi dent's extra session program. * * • But the atmosphere has cleared ma terially during the past two weeks. The Democratic senators who were hanging back are beginning to mani fest some genuine inteerst in the sit uation. Moreover, several Republican members seem to have come around to the president's way of looking at the particular piece of business in hand. From information which I re ceived from an authoritative source today, it is altogether probable that sometime early in November,'the sen ate banking .committee will report out a currency and banking bill and that the report will be signed by all mem bers of the committee, Republicans as well as Democrats. It will not be the house bill, but It will be a measure satisfactory to the president which P? eai } 8 th at the house will accept it. It will not be a partisan bill, either, 8 ~® e l he P resl<len t is consulting freely with the Republican members of the senate committee and Is manifesting an open-minded disposition to yield to their suggestions on material points. m * * I would not care to predict that the currency bill will be passed at this session of congress, but I do know that the outlook is infinitely more en couraging than it was a week or two weeks ago. Moreover, if the bill is passed at this session, the credit will belong almost solely to the president, who, in the face of tremendous pres sure, has steadfastly refused to con sent to an adjournment, although a big majority of both houses of con gress desired to quit and go home. * * * It will Indeed be a remarkable rec ord if the president is instrumental in having both a tariff and a currency and banking law enacted at this spe cial session, but the supreme test of his leadership will come during the forthcoming regular session. This promises to be one of the most in teresting and momentous sessions of congress ever held. The trust ques tion will be one of the most important which will come up for solution. There is a wide range of opinion on that subject and it will be up to the president to reconcile the contentions of those who are in favor of anni hilating the trusts with those who would exercise a moderate regulation over the transactions of those busi ness behemoths. The president has a few ideas of his own about the sub ject of trusts. It remains to be seen if he will be able to induce congress to accept those ideas and incorporate them into law. Despite the obstacles which he will encounter, if I were sportively inclined, I would lay a trifling wager on the gentleman in the White House in the battle which he will wage with congress next winter and spring. ★ * * The trial and Impeachment of Bill Sulzer, governor of New York, held more than casual interest for the members of the house by reason of the fact that Sulzer was, for eighteen years, a member of that body, having retired only last year to enter upon his duties as governor of the Empire state. He was for many years one of the picturesque members of the house. His specialty was looking like Henry Clay and getting his name in the news papers. He was generally more suc cessful at the latter than at the for mer enterprise. Those acquainted with the situation in New York say that it will be difficult to keep Sulzer down and that he is as likely as not to bob up here in congress again one of these days. T. S. From our sanitary market will b« ound juicy, tender and delicious is davor. We are noted foi our superior ■trade of home-rendered lard and -moked meats ABEL BROS.