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Fergus County Democrat
The Official Paper of Fergus County Published by FERGUS COUNTY DEMOCRAT, Inc. Tom Stout Harry E. I ______President >ay................................. .........Manager E. G. Ivins ...............Editor H Entered at the postoffice at Lewis town, Montana, as second-class matter. Subscribers, Notice—In ordering your paper changed to a new address, mention old address also, to insure prompt delivery. Subscribers failing *.o receive their papers will please uotify this office Make checks and money orders payable to Fergus County Democrat. SUBSCRIPTION: ...............$2.50 __________ 1.25 Three months................................................ 100 For foreign subscriptions add postage. MAKE LEWISTOWN A PLACE IN WHICH TO BETTER LIVE. Lewistown, Montana........March 3, 1914 | : ! ' | ' , : | THE GRAND JURY. There is no agency of the law that counts more for the cause of law and order than the grand jury. It is quite apparent now that Judge Ayers showed excellent judgment when he recently called a grand jury. The members of that body, after their ex perience, go on record as favoring the calling of a grand jury in this county every year, believing that it will prove beneficial. The final report submitted by the grand jurors, while brief, con tains some important recommenda tions, which will, we believe, be given careful attention. One of the first is in regard to the county high school. The jurors found this institution to be admirably conducted, but already crowded. The suggestion is made that in justice to the students coming here from out of town, a dormitory be built, taking the view that the country is entitled to that much. A dormitory is needed, and while it would, of course, mean a considerable outlay, it would add to the attendance, to the prestige and usefulness of the institution. It would not, however, tend to relieve the condition brought to public atten tion by the jury, the present over crowding. The pressing necessity, therefore, is for an addition to the present building, which at this time does not possess an assembly room large enough to accommodate the whole student body, while some of the classes are so large that the reci tation rooms are inadequate. This condition has been considered by the board of trustees for some time and tentative plans for a wing to be added to either end of the build ing have been adopted as a solution of the problem. In any event it is well that the grand jury has assumed the responsi bility of bringing this matter before the public and it will probably hasten the carrying out of the improvements needed. AS TO WOOL. The standpat papers of Montana, in cluding the Fergus County Argus, have a good deal to say about wool, and the demoralization that has hit this industry as a result of the Demo cratic tariff law. Of course the wool growing industry in Montana is not what it was a few years ago when even in Fergus county the vast open range was an aid to the sheep men. But the forecastings of low prices this year because of the tariff law do not appear to be justified by the facts. Down in Utah the Salt Lake Telegram is authority for the statement that higher prices are being offered the ilockmasters there than was paid a year ago. Elsew'here in this issue is the report of sales made at Dillon at about the same price as was given last year and the Harlowton Demo crat records a sale "at a little better than seventeen cents." The Helena Independent says that every day last week offers W'ere received in that city of from seventeen to eighteen cents and cites the fact that one of the largest wool growers in the state, re siding there, has an offer of seven teen and a half cents and is waiting for eighteen. Of course the wool buyers are not attempting to boost the market. Every season for the past decade the buyers, cn arriving, have regularly predicted that prices of at least two cents un der the preceding season w r ould pre vail, but generally ended by paying about the same as before. That, of course, is their business. It is to their interest to depress the market and there are always some timid ones who are frightened into making a sac rifice, only to regret it later. The In dependent declares that prices are likely to be better in Montana this year than last and, referring to the depressing reports in the standpat pa pers, says: "What's the use of misrepresenting the situation? Such newspaper work costs the people of Montana dearly. Such headings as "Offer Two Cents Less for Wool," can have but one ef fect: They contain a suggestion to a wool grower that the price is low and that he better sell for what he can get. This method of misrepresenting the facts caused scores of growers to sell last season, while the grower who was not influenced by the thread-bare gloom, held onto his clip and is of fered right now from one to two cents more for his clip than the fair prices he was offered last summer and fall. Really it's about time for the gloomy Republican papers to come out of it. Cheer up. Join the sunshine club." MEETS EXPECTATIONS. The reason why the non-partisan idea in the administration of the af fairs of this city is so strongly sup-! ported by citizens generally is the benefit that has resulted from it. It has given us men as mayors and aldermen who would not even con sider accepting on partisan tickets. Eliminating partisanship, these offi cials have had just one object in view, to bring about the best possible con ditions and to see that value was re ceived for every dollar expended. There has been no waste of money, either directly or indirectly, in the building up of party machines and the finances of the city have been carefully guarded. It is pleasing to note that the non-partisan plan is to be adhered to. The men chosen for the nominations for aldermen last week insure the continuance of the progressive policy followed since the Citizens' party first took the field. J. C. Miller, who will succeed himself as alderman from the First ward, has been a member of the council but a short time, having been selected to fill a vacancy, but since he has been a member of the board he has ren dered valuable service. A clean, capa ble young business man, he has the full confidence and respect of all who know him. Roy K. Mathews, the new candidate from the Second ward, is likewise a young business man who is rising through his own ability and enterprise, and he should prove an other valuable man. Edouard Sutter, the oldest member of the city council in point of service, has an official rec ord upon which there is not a single blemish. He had worked hard for the best interests of the whole city and it is fortunate, in view of his long fa miliarity with the affairs of the mu nicipality, that he consented to serve another term. His fellow members have shown their appreciation of his efforts by making him president of the city. The ticket agreed upon is a guar antee that the policy of strict non partisanship is to continue and that the best interests of the city will con tinue to be of first importance. ANOTHER TERM ASSURED. Anaconda Standard: It is a long time to the presidential campaign of 1916, but that coming event is even this early the subject of much con jecture and speculation in all political circles and in all parts of the United States. Sumner Curtis, the veteran Washington correspondent of the Chi cago Record-Herald, declares that, barring some catastrophe to the pres ent dominant party, Mr. Wilson is as certain to be reelected as was Mc Kinley in 1900 or Roosevelt in 1904. The constructive program undertaken by President Wilson seems very like ly to be cleaned up by the end of his present term, and, if that is done, it will be an accomplishment which few if any of his predecessors has wrought. In the opinion of Mr. Curtis the only chance that there is that Mr. Wilson will not be renominated by his party is that he may voluntarily decline to accept a nomination for a second term, partly on account of the declaration in the Democratic national platform in favor of single terms and partly from a preference to retire to a quiet life and let Bryan or Under wod or Clark or some other Democrat have a chance. This, however, is not likely to be the case. President Wil son is a firm believer in duty to party and party responsibility, and if there seemed a chance that his retirement might imperil Democratic retention of the control of the government he would accept a nomination for an other term, even if it were against personal preferences. He would his not wish to see some other party gain control and play havoc with all that he has labored so hard to bring about. Much may happen to change the drift of things in the two years which will elapse before nominations will be made, but at present there seems lit tle likelihood that the Democrats will have any candidate but Wilson in the campaign of 1916, and there seems just as little chance that any other Party can name a candidate who will beat. him. A CHOICE OF NAMES. Chicago Record-l-Ierald: Senator Bristow, it appears, proposes to seek reelection as a Progressive Republi can. We all know what Republican means. It means the Payne-Aldrich tariff law and the Chicago convention that renominated Mr. Taft. It means Mr. Barnes, Mr. Penrose, Mr. Cannon, Mr. Root. What Progressive may mean in that connection is less easy to say. It might mean progression toward the excessively ripe Republicanism exem plified by ex-Senator Lorimer. Where is a man going, anyway, when one leg walks forward and the other backward? What is the politi cal contents of that candidacy which labels itself with one word signifying reaction and another word signifying advance? What o'clock is it when one hand points to week before last and the other hand to tomorrow? Where will you land when the ship ad vertises two destinations in opposite directions? Certainly a statesman has the right to choose any designation of himself that appeals to his taste or that he judges likely to spread over the great est electoral area; but with a whole dictionary to pick from it seems as though he might choose a designation which has meaning, or at least avoid one which is a contradiction in terms. If a man wants to progress why should he back up ten miles in order to do it? SCHEME DIDN'T WORK. Geraldine Review: The last issue of the Fergus County Democrat publishes a letter from Senator Walsh in which he shows very clearly how ground less has been the "hue and cry" raised by opposition papers about faulty titles because of illegal publication of land notices. The senator also gives a summary of the law affecting the publication of such notices, which pa pers are entitled to them and which are not and the powers of the land registers in designating them. The Democrat also publishes letters Ask our customers about the security and service they receive at the Bank cf Fergus County. These two indespensible features of good banking have been great factors in building the business of this bank to over one million three hu ndred fifty thousand dollarsof deposits. And we will continue to grow with in creasing momentum because of the willing response which our customers receive at the hands of officers and employes. Bank of Fergus County Lewistown, Montana Capital and Surplus...........$500;000 00 I | ■ ; : ! ! ! | from farm loan companies at Lewis town, viz.: C. E. Shoemaker & Co., Cook-Reynolds Co., Hilger Loan & Realty Co., American Loan & Invest ment Co., Wright Loan & Investment Co. ,and II. A. Cumming, represent ing the Union Central Life Insurance j company. All say they are loaning | money upon final proof certificates without question as to where the final ! proot was published, thus officially , giviiig the lie to the claim made so. maliciously that the loan companies j are denying further business to home-1 steaders by reason of clouded titles, j The Republican papers have been engaged in some pretty small busi ness for the sake of manufacturing political capital, but instead of dis crediting Democratic officials, have only brought discredit to themselves. CONCERNING SUFFRAGE. When Oscar Underwood said that franchise qualifications were matters for state reform, not for national su pervision, he stated one of the oldest and best observed traditions of our government. It will be 125 years next April since George Washington was sworn in as first president of the United States, and in all that time the federal gov ernment has made only one effort to fix qualifications for voting. This was just after the civil war, when the 15th amendment declaring that "the right . . . to vote shall not be denied or abridged ... on account of race, j color or previous condition of servi-j * pi tude," was passed as a reconstruction 1 measure. Aside from this one amendment, questions of franchise and suffrage always have been left to the states. The amendment which gave direct election of United States senators ex pressly reaffirms state control, by pro viding that persons eligible to vote for the most numerous branch of the legislature in any state shall be qual ified also to vote for United Spates senators. Before an amendment to the fed eral constitution can become effective, it must be adopted by 36 states. There is npt the ghost of a chance that this number of ratifications can be secured for some years to come. Ten states, counting Illinois, may no'w be classed in the suffrage column. Half a dozen others may be expected to come into line without great delay. The rest will have to be converted, and the Journal believes it easier to convert them by direct appeal for fair play within their own borders than to win them by the roundabout method of a change in the federal constitu tion.—Chicago Journal. BERTILLON. There passed away in Paris the oth er day a brilliant genius, whose de votion to an idea resulted in a system of identification that has already served a great purpose and is now made world wide use of. This man mas Alfonse Bertillon, who created the system bearing his name for the identification of criminals, devoted his life to its development and finally brought it to a state of perfection be yond which improvement seems impos sible. Long after his system of Iden tification by measurements had come into general use, he developed his "picture talks" plan, which vastly simplified the task of the detective. It was laughed at for a time, but after j Bertillon had, with the test "picture talk" of an individual, given him by his superiors, gone into great crowds and brought back his man, not once, but many times, it was added to the measurement system. Bertillon was sixteen years perfecting the "picture talks," but when it was perfected it worked. AGRICULTURAL DEVELOPMENT. Back in 1903, or practically ten years ago, the United States depart ment of agriculture rated Montana as being eleventh among the states In the production of flax, nineteenth in oats and thirtieth in the production of wheat. That was pretty near the tail end of the procession. What has been done in the ten years since then may be judged from the fact that the same authority gives Montana's rating for last year as second in the produc tion of flax, twelfth in the production of wheat and sixteenth in the produc tion of oats. How long will it be be fore the Treasure state leads the whole list of states in agriculture? The day is evidently not very far distant and when it comes the Judith basin will, the Democrat believes, be conceded to lead any other section of Montana. Washington, D. C., Feb. 24, 1914. The house lg driv , ahead with all sjble d with vlew to tti through some time early in the sum mer , but there are qulte a number c f experienced hands around the job who <j on 't take much stock in the prophecy that we wilI be through and on our way early ln June . speaker Clark are the big appropriation bills, j four, some who want only one, and a good many who don't want any at all. agricultural appropriation bill says that we will likely be toiling and sweating away here the middle of July. Others say that the first of Au gust will find congress yet in session. They base these predictions upon the size and length of the program of leg islation which has been mapped out by the administration. First of all We have finished up with some of these, the postoffice bill, the Indian bill and the urgent deficiency bill, but have ahead of us the army, navy and agri cultural bills, each of which is sure to provide a lot of controversy. The army bill may not cause so much trou ble, but the fur is going to fly when the navy bill comes into the house. Then will the big navy men and the little navy men lock horns, and much eloquence will be poured out, and much time consumed. The bill will provide for two dregdnaughts, while there are some members who want 1 The which is now before the house will not be up for consideration before the latter part of this week, is another fruitful topic for the display of a lot of modern eloquence. As is the case of the good roads bill, the members here have the opportunity to speak a word in behalf of their farmer friends, said farmer friends forming about the most potential voting section of many constituencies, and you may be doubly assured the opportunity will be seized with avidity and utilized to a frenzied finish. * * * departmental report is favorable, the It's pretty hard to hurry these big bills through. In fact, it is pretty hard to hurry any sort of a bill through, unless there is a general unanimity of opinion as to its merits, and pursuing the matter one degree further, it is rather difficult to secure any great amount of unanimity from a body of four hundred and thirty-five men, each of whom is presumed, at least, to have his own personal and private opinion on most questions of any particular importance. It might be of interest to sketch, briefly, the tortuous channel through which a bill has to flow before it emerges a full fledged law. * * * Usually, some member writes the bill, or gets somebody to write it for him. He then drops it into a basket on the speaker's stand. The bill clerk takes it in charge and it is referred to the appropriate committee. Unless it is an exceptionally important meas ure, the chairman of the comnftittee refers it to a sub-committee, usually of three members of the standing com mittee. It is then referred to the exec utive department or bureau having jurisdiction ever such questions as the bill particularly relates to. In the course of time that department sends in a report on the bill. If this bill will have comparatively easy sail ing through the committee, but if it is unfavorable, there is a rocky road ahead of said measure. It may thus be observed that the executive depart ments are constantly exerting vast in fluence over legislation. When the bill is referred, it usually goes to the cabinet officer who heads that depart ment, but, obviously, it is impossible that the cabinet official should be able to give personal attention to all such matters, so he naturally has to depend upon his subordinates, who write the reports. Thus comes about the oft-repeated statement that this mighty government of ours is being run, not by the supposedly all-power ful statesmen whose names are daily emblazened in the big headlines, but by a few score of subordinate depart mental officials attached to the ten big executive departments. My ex perience leads me to the conclusion that unless a bill has the support of the proper executive department, that bill has a mighty slim chance of even finding its way out of a committee and into the house proper. * * * Assuming that the department writes a favorable report, the sub committee meets, and, after making such amendments as may be desired, reports to the regular committee, " hich consists of from seven to twen ty-one members. If the measure runs the gauntlet of the big committee, it is reported to the house with the recommendation that it should be passed. The bill is then, depending upon its character, placed upon one of the three general house calendars. If there are a lot of bills on each of these calendars, it stands to reason that there are a lot of them which will never be reached, for they have to come up in their regular order. There is another special calendar called the "Calendar for Unanimous Consent." That is, a member may have a bill to the passage of which he thinks there will be no objection. This he places on the unanimous consent calendar, and, at stated times, this calendar is called and the bills on it brought up. If just one person objects to the con sideration of the measure, it goes over. However, a large number of bills, most of them of comparatively slight im-! nnrtanpp gra pnai>M intn ln«, ; portance, are enacted into law in this manner. * * * From the foregoing, it may be seen that a member has to be pretty con stantly on the job in order to get his bills through and it is a fact that a new member rarely has much luck in getting his measures over simply be cause his first term is usually pretty well used up in ascertaining the meth ods of expediting legislation. * * * It frequently comes about that the administration takes a more or less direct hand in framing an important bill. It will be recalled that Presi dent Wilson suggested some important changes in the tariff bill and was con stantly consulted while the currency and banking bill was being written. At the present time, Secretary Lane, as the representative of the president, is collaborating with a number of western members in the framing of a measure designated to lighten the burdens of the settlers on reclamation projects. Lane was also quite active in assisting in framing a bill now be fore the house and senate committees on public lands and providing for the opening up of the vast coal fields of Alaska by a system of leasing. The house committee, of which I am a member, is now holding daily hear ings on this bill and will probably be ready to report it out within another week. Incidentally, it might be add ed that this same house public lands committee has had referred to it some thing like eight hundred bills of one sort or another. By the time a mem ber gives some degree of thought even to the more important of these; at tend hearings, which begin at ten o'clock in the morning and last until well into the afternoon; keeps his eye on what is taking place in the house, which meets at noon and runs as late as seven in the evening; makes a dozen or two departmental calls each week; looks after his correspondence, which, in my office, amounts to an average of sixty letters daily; wrestles with five or six red-hot patronage con I T does not pay us to sell a bad fountain pen, for a pen is man's closest companion, and he often judges our other goods by the pen we ve sold him. Therefore, we sell only the best fountain pens —the kind that will make a good impression on you and bring you to this store as a regular customer. There is a great deal of difference in fountain pens. A cheap and nasty fountain pen wastes your time and temper besides wasting your money. Dome in today and see some of our bargains: Conklin's & Welty's Self-Filling Fountain Pens, $2.50 to $10.00. C. H. WILLIAMS, Drugs 'PHONE 516, LEWISTOWN, MONT. <r Public Sale of Horses and Cows Lewistown Livery Bam on Mon day, March 9th, 1914. Fifteen head work, driving and saddle horses. Twelve head of milch cows, most of these are giving milk and some will be fresh soon. Holsteins, Gurnseys and Durhams. Two saddles, one light harness. Terms: Cash or six months time on bankable paper. C. L. Spracklin & Co. Henry Greiner, Auctioneer J __________ June or July""' However* --------1.. _______ . 11 , troversies, at least that number con stantly on tap, and keeps track of the special matters of legislation affect ing his own state or district, he finds his time reasonably well taken up * * * As was suggested in the beginning of this letter, when one considers that this congress, at thfs session, has yet to pass some of the biggest appropria tion bills; that it has not yet done a tap of work, outside of the commit tees, on the vastly important anti trust bills, of which there is a brood of four or five with the administra tion backing; that it proposes to com plete its program for Alaska's open ing by the passage of a coal leasing that has Promised to do some thing toward providing for a system of agricultural credits, a tremendous problem within itself—when these matters are considered in all of their ramifications and details, it certainly does look mighty dark for those fel lows who have urgent business, politi cal or otherwise, back home in either June or July. However, this is a purely personal and confidential opin on, it is my candid judgment that the country will be just as well off, 6 Democratic party be a thundering sight better off and a lot of tired con gressmen made justifiably happy if an adjournment could be brought about on the thirty-first day of May, even if we should have to forego the pleas ure of attending to all of the minutest deta is incident in giving this republic the legislation renovation it has been so long in need of. This opinion is subject to the usual revision in case f. not ^ r e l r , message is brought over from tne White House. TOM STOUT. Oklahoma Progressives. Oklahoma City, Feb. 25.—Oklahoma Progressives met here today and adopted a platform disapproving of any form of amalgamation with an ^ he oJ? arty ' The P ,atf °rm re-affirms Chicago platform, favors woman's suffrage, national banking laws guar anteeing deposits, and stringent laws against usury. B. J. WOOD Chiropractor Graduate of the Palmer School of Chiropractics, the Fountain Head of Chiropractic. Office 'Phone, 425 Residence, 676 No. 5 Crowley Block Lady Attendant Analysis free at the office. Hours: 9 to 12 a. m.; 2 to 5; 7 to 8 p. m.