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Fergus County Democrat
The Official Paper of Fergus County __the Tom Stout______________________President I Harry E. Lay .............................Manager Published by FERGUS COUNTY DEMOCRAT. Inc. E. G. Ivins.. ...Editor Entered at the postofflce at Lewis town, Montana, as second-class matter. Subscribers, Notice—In ordering your paper changed to a new address, mention old address also, to insure prompt delivery. Subscribers falling . to receive their papers will please j notify this office Make checks and | money orders payable to Fergus j County Democrat. | --- SUBSCRIPTION: One year, in advance......................$2.00 Six months, in advance.................... 1.25 Thre emonths, in advance...............75 For foreign subscriptions add postage. MAKE LEWISTOWN A PLACE IN WHICH TO BETTER LIVE. <UN!OH fife/) LABEL> Lewistown, Montana........June 11, 1914 WHY NOT ONE ACT? Unfortunately the lawyers and the courts, usually composed of lawyers, cannot always see their way clear to apply "the rule of reason." If they do, they are criticized and if they do not they are likewise criticized. The initiative and referendum amendment to the consttutlon of Mon tana may be found null and void by the courts because lawyers have said that "The Initiative" is one amend ment and "The Referendum" would be another. The Montana legislature drew and passed an amendment making provi sion for giving the people the power of the initiative and referendum in one amendment. It was submitted to the people and passed six to one. Now come the lawyers and say it is uncon stitutional because, in fact, the people should have voted for the initiative provision as one amendment and gain ed their right to have measures sub mitted to them, by the enactment of another amendment. But the fact is the people of Mon tana chose to give themselves the powers embraced in the initiative and referendum by their vote on the amendment. As defined in law the "initiative is to submit to all the reg istered voters of a state or city a proposition for their approval, which if carried becomes effective as law." The referendum then "requires that a law passed by a legislature or an ordinance adopted by a municipality, he referred to voters for approval or rejection." Applying the "rule of reason" it would appear that these two powers granted to the people by the people might be voted on as one proposition, which would be merely: "The right of the people either to initiate a measure or to approve or reject one initiated by the legisla ture." The result is all the same. The sub ject is the same—it is transferring the law making power from the legis lature to the people, and it matters not whether the proposition originate with a self-appointed committee, with an organization such as the People's Power league, or with the legislature itself. The people of Montana simply demanded that they be given the pow er to vote on laws which the legisla ture would not put up to them and at the same time to approve or reject laws which the legislature put up to them. But, say the lawyers, "the referen dum is giving the people the veto power, while the initiative gives the people the power to propose and en set a measure which becomes effective as law when passed." In a practical sense the initiative carries the veto power also. The peo ple may vote down a measure pro posed by the few—the signers of a petition—just as they may reject a measure proposed by the legislature. By the rule of reason, the Initiative and referendum are almost insepara ble. Of course they can be separated and states have adopted one without' the other, but the plain intention of tlie people of Montana was to vote themselves the power of voting on a proposition submitted by a few of the people or by the legislature. It was ( apparently well understood that by voting in favor of the amendment the people of Montana would hereafter enjoy the right to have something to say directly about what laws we should have on our statute books. Lawyers have held that these two provisions of the one amendment are reall» two separate and distinct sub jects which should have been voted on as two constitutional amendments, but there will be found other lawyers who will hold that the initiative and refer endum could be properly submitted as one amendment as they both have to flo with delegating a certain power over our legislation to the people. It is to be hoped the supreme court will take a view of the proposition which will be favorable to upholding constitutionality of the amendment which was passed by such a big i-a jority of Montana voters, who cer tainly know what they want.--Helena Independent. EVERY HOME SHOULD FLY THE FLAG. Perhaps the people of no nation love their flag more devoutly than do Americans love "Old Glory." The "Stars and Stripes," floating in the breeze, never fails to awaken a thrill in an American's eye, and nothing so arouses his patriotism as the report , o!ors he ha8 been taughl from infancy to revere has been trampled upon by a foreign nation. But it must be admitted that the American people fail to give enough attention at times to the flying of our flag. For instance, on the day that the United States captured the port of Vera Cruz only 13 flags could be seen from the roof of the Tribune building when a count was taken, ana this included the Tribune's flag and three on public buildings. "There were a good many more America flags in Vera Cruz that day, and under them men of our army and navy were dying," said the Tribune in an editorial. "Whether that is war or not, the flag is on the firing line with brave men, our men, round it. The flag should be flying here at * lome > > n recognition of that fact and ln honor of the men who are staking their lives for the honor of the flag. Every roof should fl - v the colors, and w ' n d° v ' 8 should display it. This is not UnKoism. Whatever our theories of Mexican policy, whether we are foi peace or war, this is the time to re mind us that we are Americans, and that in the face of international perils or responsibilities all Americans are one." There is a question among many, no doubt, as to just when and how the flag should be displayed. The fixed occasions are as follows: It should be displayed at full staff on Lincoln's birthday, Feb. 12; Washing ton's birthday, Feb. 22; battle of Lex ington anniversary, April 19; Memo rial day, May 30; Flag day, June 14; battle of Bunker Hill anniversary, June 17; Independence day, July 4; battle of Saratoga anniversary, Oct. 17; surrender of Yorktown annivers ary, Oct. 19; Evacuation day, Nov. 25. On Memorial day the flag should fly at half ,nast from sunrise to noon - and at 11,11 staff from noon to sunset, ' 1 * be m lRtary ceremony observed to show l ,ro,,er res P ect for the American ,laff ref l uire s that the flag shall not be hoisted before sunrise, nor be al lowed to remain U P after sunset At "retreat" at sunset civilian spec tators should stand at "attention" uncover during the playing of "The Star Spangled Banner." Military spectators are required by regulation to stand at "attention" and give the salute. During the playing ■of the national hymn at "retreat" the flag should be lowered, but not then allowed to touch the ground. When the national colors is passing in pa rade or in review the spectators should, if walking, halt, and, if sitting, arise and stand at "attention" and uncover. When the flag is flown at half staff as a slgnal mourning it should be hoisted to full staff at the conclusion of the funeral. In placing the flag at half staff it should first be hoisted to the top of the staff and then lowered to position. The national salute is one gun for every state. The international salute is, under the law of nations, 21 guns. Legislation to preserve the Ameri can flag from desecration, mutilation or improper use has been enacted by the thirty-one states and three terrt tories, as follows: Arizona, 1809 California, 1809; Colorado, 1901 Delaware, 1903; Idaho, 1905; Illinoia 1899; Indiana, 1901; Iowa, 1900; Kan sas, 1900; Maine, 1899; Maryland 1902; Massachusetts, 1899; Michigan 1901; Minnesota, 1809; Missouri, 1903 Montana, 1905; Nebraska, 1903; New Hampshire, 1899; New Jersey, 1904 New York, 1905; New Mexico, 1903 North Dakota, 1905; Ohio, 1902; Ore gon, 1901; Pennsylvania, 1907 Porto Rico, 1904; Rhode Island, 1903 South Dakota. 1901; Utah, 1903; Ver >nont, 1808; Washington, 1904; Wis consin, 1901; Wyoming, 1905. The statutes of the United States forbid the use of the flag in registered ( trade marks, A PRIVILEGED CRIME. What American financier ever went to jail for wrecking a railroad? What American financier ever went to jail for looting a railroad? The answer to those two questions is the answer to New Haven cor ruption. When a man wrecks a bank he is very likely to go to jail. When he loots a till he is very likely to go to jail. When he scuttles a ship, or em bezzles trust funds, or forges a check, THE ASSETS oi' the BAN K OF FERGUS COUNTY are not confined to the cash and securities which it holds, amounting to $2,000,000.00. Its greatest asset is the eoniMence reposed in it by the people of Lewistown, Fergus County, who have entrusted to it for safe keep ing, deposits amounting to more than $1,400,000.00. Business interests are served in every legitimate way at this hank, and its officers are always pleased to confer with those in need of hanking relations. Bank of Fergus County Capital $250,000.00 Surplus $250,000.00 Lewistown , Montana or manufactures counterfeit money, the law is hot on his trail. But when he plunders a railroad, that is part of the game. It Is nobody's business to bring him to justice. It is nobody's business to compel him to disgorge. It is nobody's business to make an ex ample of him as a warning to others of ills breed. Plundering an American railroad is a privileged crime.—New York World. As the Novice JVietus It Washington Bureau Lewistown Daily Democrat. WASHINGTON, D. C„ June 2, 1914. —If the present schedule of speed is maintained the house will finish up with the three anti-trust bills by _ the last of this week and turn those measures over to the none too ten ! j der mercies of the senate. I hesitate to predict what the senate will do | to those bills, but feel amply assured that it will he plenty. It is usually the task of the house to initiate most of the important legislation, but the senate is always there or in the vi cinity when said important legisla tion is finished. Of course, it is the senate's constant aim to improve upon the work of the house and it not infrequently does so. The tariff bill was pretty generally rewritten in the senate; and, the currency bill, which passed the house came back from the other end of the capitol so altered in apperance as to be scarcely recog nizable by its fond parent, Cartel Glass. I apprehend that the same thing will happen to the anti-trust bills. This business of curbing the trusts is a subject concerning which thei" is £■• wide variation of opinion as the licuse judiciary committee lias discovered during the last two weeks. Moreover, the members of this same committee has also had brought home to them the exceeding difficulty of writing a bill or bills dealing with tne trusts which satisfies any consider able number of their brethern in the house. Since this debate began 1 have heard one man stand forth and ar raign the committe for attempting to stifle business with impossible re strictions and then another fellow would rise and proceed to flagellate Will Be Prosecuted. Since the Daily Democrat began publication, the greatest care has been taken to see that every sub scriber has the paper. The car riers are a fine lot of boys and all of them went over their routes be fore they began delivery. Not withstanding the efforts of the cir culation manager to see that all our patrons have the daily with their breakfast there have been a few complaints. They have been carefully investigated and in two or three instances the reason has been discovered. The papers were stoleu. This was discovered be yond any doubt whatever in one instance on Janeaux street and In two others on Fifth avenue South. There is every reason to believe that the few other instances in which subscribers were disappoint-; ed were due to the same cause. The law amply protects news papers against this sort of thing, and having determined that thiev ery Is the cause of nearly all, if not all, of the complaints received at this office, the Democrat gives notice now that any further of fenses of this kind will be imme diately and vigorously prosecuted. the same committee for their failure to pul "teeth" in their little old bills. As a matter of fact, the committee have made a conscientious effort to steer a safe and sane middle course on this all-important subject. They have endeavored to draft bills which will do away with the evils of mo nopoly without, at the same time, In any way hampering legitimate busi ness. If anyone thinks that is merely a May-day job, just let him sit him self down with pen in hand and tackle the proposition. The republicans, gen erally, have attacted the bills as be ing too harsh, while the progressives have held they are not nearly strin gent enough. The more I hear the republicans and progressives talk on the subject, the better satisfied I am that the bills may be all right. Of course, there is a lot of politics mixed up in the discussion. In fact, it is seldom that any sort of a dis cussion is held in the house which does not possess a political tinge. 1 have often reflected on what would happen if the 435 members of the house could be induced, by some man ner of ledgerdemain or black art, to forget for a period of 30 days that they are democrats, republicans and progressives and go abolt the busi ness at hand with no thought of politi cal advantage or of future political consequences. For one thing, the Con gressional Record, which is a daily publication of an average of 100 pages, would certainly be but a shadow ot its present size, scores of speeches would remain undelivered and the public business would he right con siderably expedited. Two-thirds of Hie speeches which have been de livered on these trust bills are for campaign purposes and for little else. Between low and the third o f next November, they will be printed by the millions and distributed by cart loads throughout the* country anti, Uncle Sam will, of course, pay the freight. It is when the general debate is closed and the bill is actually before the house for amendment and riscus sion under the five-minute rule that 1 derive any particular satisfaction from attendance at the sessions of the house. Then, it is touch and go and the man with the quickest wit and readiest tongue usually gets the de cision. I listened to a very iliumin f.ting colloquy in the house today when Jim Mann, republican leader, and Vic Murdock, progressive bell wether, became entangled in a verbal controversy which was rather inter esting from a political viewpoint. Vic, with his usual vigor, stated that there as about as much chance for the republican 'and progressive parties to amalgamate as there is for Doc j Cook to Convince Captain Perry that he was the first arid only man at the north pole, or words to that general effect and tenor. The red headed Kansan elaborated to the extent of explaining why there can be no such amalgamation and suceeded in mak ing it very clear to all present that Vic, at least, is very far from an amalgamating frame of mind and inti mated that one Theodore Roosevelt holds similar views on that very timely subject. Mannthen took the floor and proceed to remove Vic's po litical hide, accusing him of being a traitor, and agitator and a four-flusher. He didn't use exactly these words, but the language of the Illinoian was about as emphatic as an extensive vo cabulary of ridicule and sarcasm af fords. Speaking as one wholly un biased and entirely disinterested, 1 am of the opinion that the bout was a shade in favor of Vic although Mann sent home the last punch. The debate of the anti-trust bill has been led, on the part of the com mite, by John Charles Floyd of Ar kansas, which recalls rather a peculiar state of affairs in the district which he represents. Ten years ago, Floyd was a candidate for congress against a man who had been in congress for 10 years and, during the course of the campaign, took occasion to say that if the people of the Third Arkansas district would sand him, Floyd, to con gress 10 years he would, at the end of that time, voluntarily step down and out. The people took Flody at hi3 word so far as sending him to congress is concerned and, in turn, he showed his good faith by refusing to be a candidate for re-election in the present primaries. He has worked hard, has attained a position of com mandlng influence in the house and, but for that promise made in the heat of battle 10 years ago, would doubtless be a member for many years to come. TOM STOUT. MANY LUCKY CHARMS. The modern woman who delights to jingle a bunch of miscellaneous charms at her wrist and who is on the lookout for fresh ideas will learn with satisfaction of a collection which in eludes every form of luck emblem the world has known. This collection, at a moment when every automobile has its mascot and every watch chain its fetish, has a rather ironical signifi cance and illustrates how little human nature has really changed. The collection is included in the Historical Medical Museum, founded by Henry S. Wellcome, and com prises Roman, Egyptian, Arabic, Afri can, Chinese, Japanese and European pieces, ancient and modern. The Egyptian charms include sev eral small examples of that most fa mous and potent of all, the "Ankh," or key of life, which in Egyptian pic tures is often seen in the hands of divine personages. By far the commonest is that known as the "uatchat." To ward off the prevalent ophthalmia and other eye affections the ancient Egyptians used to trace on the lower eyelid a magi cal scroll-shaped pattern with pow dered antimony, and the model of an eye so decorated (uatchat) was also worn as a charm. There are also found ear-shapee charms against deafness, human teetn carved like Sphinxes. Another very rare figure represents a man holding his hand to his face as if in pain. It is believed that this charm is the only one of its kind in existence. The Roman collection dates back to about the time of Christ. The ex hibits are made of copper bronze and are of the usual shapes. A very in teresting figure, concerning the na ture of which very little is known, rep resents a small horse, while another shows a shark's tooth imbedded in a clasp of metal. These are rather big ger and more clumsy than the Egyp U LOW ROUND-TRIP FARES via the MILWAUKEE 99 Dates of Sale—June 1, 6, 8, 13, 20, 27; July 1, 8, 15, 22, 29; August 5, 12, 19, 26; September 2, 16, 1914. FROM ALL STATIONS IN MONTANA TO POINTS IN Illinois Indiana Iowa Kansas Maine Maryland Massachusetts Michigan Minnesota Missouri Nebraska New Brunswick New Jersey New York Nova Scotia Ontario F'ennsylvania Quebec Tennessee Vermont Virginia Wisconsin FROM ALL STATIONS IN MONTANA TO Seattle and Tacoma, Wash.; Vancouver and Victoria, B. C.; Portland, Ore.; Cohassett Beach, Wash., and Numerous Other Seashore Resorts in Oregon and Washington DATES OF SALE—DAILY, JUNE 1 TO SEPT. 15, 1914. Return limit on all tickets is October 31, 1914. Liberal stop-over privi leges and different routes are offered. TWO ALL-STEEL TRAINS DAILY "The OLYMPIAN"—"The COLUMBIAN" For additional information regarding fares, routes, reservations, train service, etc., call on or address A. C. HOHMANN, Ticket Agent. CHICAGO MILWAUKEE & ST. PAUL RAILWAY LEWISTOWN The New Line Is the Short Line THE ARCHITECT AND THE CONTRACTOR will both agree that it is useless to seek better lumber than we handle. They are right. There is none better to be had and not very much as good. Have us es timate on the lumber for your next job. You'll not find our figures high in spite of the high quality of our lumber. Basin Lumber Co. 'THE HOME FOLKS' tian ones and much less desirable as ornaments. Beside the Roman exhibits are early and late pieces from West and Cen tral Africa, the Congo and Arabia. Among these is a necklace labelled "Kubil," or "Kill Sixty," which v/as no doubt worn by a warrior. Thtro are also several wood crocodiles with flat, smooth backs. It is said that these were used by doctors when puzzling out a difficult case. The doc tor rubbed the crocodile's back ana the animal told him what was wrong. The modern collection is even more interesting than the ancient. It is a revelation in present day supersti tions, every item of it having been recovered from the original owners within the last few years. The first piece is a small stone, like a human foot, carried about by a Frenchman who believed that It cured his gout and who parted with it very reluctantly. In the next case is a piece of amber shaped like a heart and used to ward off rheumatism un til three years ago. A "rheumatism potato" from Norfolk lies beside it. Near these are two cards, each bear ing a pair of mole's feet, which in Norfolk are still carried about as a toothache cure. Other curious articles of the same character are a small bone from the ankle, used to ward off cramp by the east country people; a piece of ver vain root, which Is supposed to be a protection against witchcraft and is still in request in country districts for this purpose; a roll of eelskin ob tained from a Suffolk woman, who carried it to prevent cramp; and a fossil sea urchin from a cottage which it had protected against the devil for many years. The sheep's heart stuck full of pins and nails, which was obtained in South Devon, is specially interesting, as this was used to break the spell cast by a black witch upon a herd oi cattle. Beside it lies a strand of red silk taken from the neck of a Norfolk child who was troubled with bleeding from the nose and wore this charm as a preventive.—Lon. Cor. New York Sun. CONTRACTOR M'GUIRE WILL SOON COMMENCE PAVING WORK Contractor J. C. McGuire, who did the paving on Main street and the avenues last year and who has the contract for paving one additional block on Main street and several blocks on First avenue, is in the city and will at once begin assembling his force and getting his plant and ma terials here to begin work. Once the work is under way the contractor will push it along rapidly.