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Fergus County Democrat
:yhn In -Lr:x.\ VOL. XI. NO. 1. LEWISTOWN, FERGUS COUNTY, MONTANA, SEPT. 10,1914. MONTANA WAR MUCKIEIS CAPTURED BYmrriA He and the Vice-President of the Union Were Hiding In Butte Rooming House. BUTTE, Sept. 9.—"Muckie" Mc Donald, the fugitive president of the Butte Mine Workerss' union; Joseph Bradley, vice president of the same organization; Thomas J. Coyle and Mrs. Florence Gillis, proprietress of the Moose block rooming house, were arrested" this afternoon by Maj. Dan J. Donohue, Capt. Charles Marrs, Pro vost Marshal Frank Conley, Assistant Marshal John P. Murphy and Chief of Police J. J. Murphy. McDonald and Bradley had been hid ing in the Moose block for five days, coming to the city when his line of communications were cut by the sol diers arresting Evans and McLane as they were in the act of carrying provisions to the fugitives. McDonald ventured forth last night and partook of a meal in a restaurant SP ° tted by Plam Cl0thes and was men. The military of Montana is w'ithin its rights, so far as the United States courts are concerned, ruled Federal Judge George M. Bourquin this after noon, in hearing the habeas corpus proceedings brought in behalf of Ed Evans, William Malone and James Chapman, mine workers, the court stating that the showing made by Maj. Jesse B. Roote is sufficient to authorize the militia in holding the men prisoners. Judge Bourquin overruled the mo tion of the military officers to quash the petition for habeas corpus and requested them to present an answer setting forth the charges on which the prisoners ere held. He stated that if such charges did not constitute an offense against the United States he would refuse to take jurisdiction over the case, declaring that in such event the relief of the prisoners, if they had any, would be in the distrct courts. Attorney H. L. Maury was given un til 10 o'clock tomorrow morning to file his written objections to the an swer of the respondents, when a for mal decision will be rendered. D. J. Waidner, a barber, who refused to cut the hair of a militiaman, was hailed before the summary court and summarily given a term of 60 days in the county jail. Major Roote said: "The court finds you guilty of in sulting the governor of the state, the uniform of the national guard, the uniform of the United States, and the flag, and directs that the captain of the guard hand you over to the provost marshal to be confined in a military i ! ___________________„„ „ muluuJ KKS of n 6fd V a e vs.'? ow county for a period of 60 days. "I would like to have a few hours to arrange my business affairs," said Waidner. "The guard is directed to take you to prison at once and keep you there for the full period of 60 days," replied Major Roote. "If you have any busi ness affairs you want arranged send for some of your friends who are op posed to the national guard and whom you were*afraid of losing if you cut the hair of one of its members." Federal Judge Bourquin, in holding the power of the military to be su preme, said: "The governor proclaiming insurrec-1 tion can also proclaim martial law and j with the militia restore order. r-urt s . ' constitutions and statutes. While he I is thus employed, there is no author ity in any one to interfere and there ! are no state, civil officers or courts, for these latter ousted by the insur rection are restored by the governor when he has suppressed the insur rection. The governor's judgment is supreme therein. Every men sure rea sonably necessary, even to taking the life of the assailants is permitted to j him. The martial law the governor j declares is not in fact law, but it is j the governor's will and judgment only.! There is no restraint upon him save j his good sense, ^ound judgment, con-j science, honor, humanity, all obligating ! him to remember he is dealing with \ fellow beings. "Since the governor may kill those who resist his efforts to restore law and order, it is obvious," said Judge Bourquin, quoting the supreme court of the United States in the Moyer case, "that he may adopt milder measures of seizing and imprisoning those who he believes stand in the way of peace, not to be released until in his judgment it would be safe to! do so." McDonald and Bradley are charged with complicity in the deportation of Edward O'Brien, a miner. Coyle and Mrs. Gillis are held pending further developments. 1 000000000000000090 o o o o o o o o o o FIGHTING AT LEMBERG LONDON, Sept. 10.—A dis patch to the Reuter Telegram company from Vienna, dated Wednesday and reaching Lon don by way of Amsterdam, says: "It is officially an nounced in Vienna that a new battle began today." around Lemberg iOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOO DETAILS OF FALL OF LEMBERG Splendid Description of the Four Days Battle Which the Austrians Lost. PET'ROGRAD, Sept. 9.—(Via Lon don, 10:12 a. m.)—The Rech today prints the following details of the fall of Lemberg: "The beginning of the fighting which resulted in the caDture of Lem berg began August 29, when the Rus sians drove the enemy from Zloczow (45 miles east of Lemberg) and noved on to Golaya Gorka—a name which means 'the naked hill.' "We spent the night on Naked hill :ind the actual storming of the town was begun at 2:30 o'clock in the morn-! ing. Then followed a four davs' bat tie. A virtually continuance cannan ene lasted from dawn to darkness without cessation. Even in the dark ness the weary fighters got little sleep. Whenever a single shot was heard the men dashed for their places and the battle boiled again with renewed fury. "The enemy's counter attacks were delivered with great energy and a dense hail of lead and iron was poured over our ranks. The Russian advance was greatly impeded bv the hilly nature of the ground and the gieat number of extinct craters, which formed splendid natural forti cations for the enemy, who held ever" t d h ° ggedly - ° ut °J , the8 ®' how -, cver, the enemy was driven in sue-1 cession. i the stony country was devoid f °5 hot ln and the "niglvts biTter' °Zr 8iveXy ! "Both sides fought with great ob-: eached Lemberg the harder the was evident that we H wIr e e ve s r uperio 8 r°°ni "'"At'tength enemy wa. .i,ive„ from aii trenches beneath the pren or the Lenbers ,orts 0 '' ,, troops were very weary, but in hign Ground the^foris JitVX^aiwK! confident of the prowess of our artil lery. The big guns of both sides rained a terrific haii down on the, | (Continued on page six.) WILSON RECEIVES PERSONAL CABLEGRAM - LONDON, Sept. 9.—Captain Nester iff, one of the most daring Russian aviators and the first of his country men to loop-the-ioop, sacrificed his life in destroying an says a dispatch to gram company. According to a report from the front Captain Nesteroff was returning from RUSSIAN AVIATOR'S AIR FIGHT ... samn „ n ma llr . Austrian aeroplane, o the Reuter Tele an aerial reconnoissance when he saw an Austrian aeroplane hovering over the Russian forces, presumably with the intention of dropping bombs. The Russian aviator immediately changed the direction of his machine and dashed into the Austrian aero plane. The force of the impact caused the collapse of both machines, which plunged to the earth, the two aviators meeting instant death, NO EASTERN MAIL, There was no eastern mail yester day, owing to the fact that a bridge near Ringling. All the burned out mail will be ZONE<S0FTHE PATTERSON CARRIES OFF DEMO CRATIC NOMINATION FOR GOV ERNOR OF COLORADO. OUTCOME OF OTHER CONTESTS DENVER, Sept. 9.—Incomplete re turns late today indicated that former Senator Thomas M. Patterson was se lected as democratic candidate for gov ernor in yesterday's primary, defeating Barnette T. Napier. The republican nomination was in doubt between S. L. Nicholson and G. A. Carlson. Eii ward P. Costigan was unopposed for the progressive nomination. For United States Senator Charles Tuomas was unopposed on the demo cratic ticket. Hubert Work appeared to have defeated Isaac N. Stevens for the republican nomination. Benjamin Griffith had no opposition among the progressives. ILLINOIS RESULTS. CHICAGO, Sept. 9.—Roger C. Sulli van, democrat; Senator L. Y. Sherman, republican, and Raymond Robins, pro gressive, will be the candidates for election as United States senator from Illinois at the November election. Re turns from today's primary indicated the nomination of Sullivan and Sher man by large majorities. Robins was unopposed. At midnight it was cer tain that three democratic congress men had been re-nominated and that former Speaker Joseph G. Cannon had received the republican congressional nomination in the Eighteenth district. IN VERMONT. MONTPELIER, Vt., Sept. 9.—State Highway Commissioner C. W. Gates was nominated for governor by the republicans at the state convention to day. Tlle P la *- fornl indorses the re publican policy on tariff legislation, di rect Primaries and woman suffrage. Senator Dillingham was re-nominated j ^ or a f° ur fh term. j ........ ..... .. SIXTY THOUSAND SOLDIERS TO SWILL KAI SER'S ARM Y IN FRANCE LONDON, Sept. 9.—(Midnight)—GermaiTrein forcements, estimated at 60,000 men, are advanc . *.-n . ,, , ' ,. . mg into France in three columns, according to an Ostend dispatch to the Reuter Telegram company. 11:15 p. m.—An Ostend dispatch to the Reuter Telegram company says the German troops which were waiting in East Flanders to receive the levy demanded ^om Ghent were urgently ordered this morning to proceed to France. They immediately took the road for Lille or Valenciennes. 12:30 a. m.—A Reuter dispatch from Ostend a Germa n army corps seems to be marching to the south, passing between Iudenarde, East xm j . ta. • r landers, and Grammont. It is probably intended to reinforce the German right wing. < 'ared, however, that the population c( Belguim had offered such resist-! hnce tbat bis generals had, in many j tfr Severe" punishment* 0 " l ° admln,s " vhe m ..L ' nf ' ihe contents of the message were WASHINGTON, Sept. 9.—President Wilson today received a personal cablegram from Emperor William of _ ....... Germany, protesting against the useiu by the allied armies of dum-dum bul-; leis and the participation in the wat by civilians of Belgium. The message expressed also the German emperor's deep regret at the destruction of the Belgium city of Louvain. "My heart bleeds for Louvain," is one of the phrases which the emperor is understood to have used. He de-' j I | 1 message were, wvfif y H gUarded ' ° n a at the White House or state department would even admit officially that it nad arrived, even though press dis-lof patches from London and Copen-j bagen gave the outline of the dis patch early in the day The reason; for the secrecy was not divulged. Per rons who knew the contents of the; j in Belgium. The knowledge that an official corn mittee was enroute from Belgium to i lay before President Wilson the Bei message, however, declared It did not! r.sk the president to take any action,: but simply laid before him the em 1 eror's contentions in connection with the controvery arising over al leged atrocities by the German army IS VIRTUALLr ORDER ISSUED FROM WASHING TON TO LIFT THE EMBARGO ON ARMS TO MEXICO. CONSTITUTIONALISTS IRE PLEASED EL PASO, Tex., Sept. John J. Pershing, commanding the border patrol from Fort Bliss ,Tex., leceived orders today from Washing ton to lift the einbrago on arms which has been in effect since the oc cupation of Vera Cruz by Amreican troops. The order was executed im mediately. American soldiers who have been patrolling the international line east and west of El Paso were removed to their garrisons. The inspection of in tornational traffic on the bridges r,panning the Rio Grande was stopped. Heretofore each vehicle, passenger or pedestrian was searched by American soldiers and all baggage closely in spected. Today's act by the war department was hailed by agents here of the con r.titutionalist government as a virtual recognition of Mexico's new govern ment. MINT DISTINGUISHED NAMES APPEAR UN THE CASUALY LIST LONDON, Sept. 10.—Many distin guished names appear on the roil of casualties issued at midnight. Among • lie officers of the Irish guards re ported wounded or missing are Vis count Castlerosse, Lord Alastair, Rob-; eit Edward Innes-Kerr, brother of tne Duke of Roxburgh, and the Hon. A. i Herbert. Captain Lord DesMond Fit?. gerald, reported wounded, is the heir . presumptive of the Duke of Leinster, j Lieutenant C. N. Champions de j resnhrr-j of the Queen's bays, killed j artillci j broth'' in action, is a member of the family descended from the crusaders, lion. W. D. Siater-Booth cl the royal horse , among the wounded, as a < f Lord Bus ng. the administration has not attempted to pass upon the merits of any or! the protests, leaving the discussion or af sach excesses as are comr d to future international conferences. have prompted the emperor to make personal explaination or the incident to 1 . W f c f h ' n f t ? n - , . , „ , It is not known what reply Presl en t, Wilson will make, but the attl t.ide of the Washington government toward protests of this kind in the present war has heretofore been one of a neutral auditor. All the bellig erents are anxious to lav their pro tests before the American govem meat because they wish, through it, to reach the court of public opinion, Realizing this as their chief desire, cumerences. The °se °f dum-dum bullets and thej unnecessary destruction of property are specifically prohibited by articles! The Hague convention. The only penalty provided for violating them is the imposition of an indemnity the end of the war upon the coun-! tries guilty of such violations. Bel-j iigerents therefore are anxious to[ place their cases on record, so that nt the final reckoning in the peace ouncil, which will terminate the war, proper attention may be given to their claims. At the French embassy not only such bullets. \>as denial made that the allies had been using dum-dum bullets, but the opinion was expressed that no manu facture in France was able to make ON THE FIRING LINE LASSEN ERUPTS AGAIN. REDDING, Cal., Sept. 9.— Lassen peak continued in a state of eruption today, two vio lent disturbances occuring, which were pronounced the greatest of the series of 42 since last May. Clouds of ashes descended at Mineral, 10 miles from the peak. QOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOO IS GERMANY USING HER ALLYFAIRLY The Question Will Be Decided By Historians In Years to Come, Says the Post LONDON, Sept. 10.— (3 a. m.)— Whether Germany has played the game fairly by her ally, says the Pe trograd correspondent of the Post, will be decided by historians in years to come. "At present," adds the correspond ent, "Austria is badly in need of those heavy siege batteries and that army corps which she sent to Help Germany frontier, while all wo 011 the Frencl: .. _______ ______ hear of German help to Austria is the i 0,10 division now retreating toward Cracow before the pressure of the Itus . Hbin advance. j "The conflict on the Russian front j must shortly terminate in one of two ways—either the destruction or capitu lation of Austria's main army. The appearance of the German forces inis merely postponed the inevitable de nouement probably for not more than two days. "The Russians have crossed the Vis tula to meet the German division which came to protect the Austrian left flank, but the German movement only has delayed the encircling move ment of tile Russian forces for a stiort time. This obstacle now lias been over come." YOUNG AMERICAN GIRL TELLS OF THE BURNING OF LOUVAIN LONDON, Sept. 9.—MargueriteUstte broick, a 16-year-old American girl from Millersville, 111., arrived in Lon don today after an adventurous trip from Louvain, the burning of which she witnessed. The girl was visiting Flemish relatives near Louvain when tie village, where her relatives lived, was burned. They went into Louvain. She said that the first sign of trouble was when two German soldiers mal treated and killed several girls. These soldiers were promptly shot by their own officers, but the feeling of the populace against the invaders had grown very intense. German soldiers, according to Miss Usteebroick, made no secret of their determination to make the Belgians suffer for the indgnities which they claimed the German residents had suffered at the hands of the Belgians at the outbreak of the war. FROM THE VIEWPOINT OF BERLIN BERLIN, Sept. 9.—(Via Copengag M^raht thT^mil'itarv^xiiert * nf^Vhe Tageblatt writes "Yesterday's news that the Silesian Landwehr have taken 1,000 prisoners from Russian and Caucasian corps n „.i and the news from Vipnm that fler U)an troops occupied Radom (Russian Poland) on August 29 together with e a riier reports of a Germiroccnna tion of S and PettiZ throT a welcome light on a hitherto ignored at'section of the battle front and <ndi C ate that the Germans marched in a broad front over the Silesian Posen frontiers into Russian and Poland and are in touch with the Austrian column advancing through Kielce (a province in Russian Poland, boarder ing on Galicia.) "The Germans must now be, or im mediately will be, before Ivangorod and If the columns at Lodz and Petri-, kau advanced they also must have reached the Vistula with their left wing touching the fortress in the dis trict of Warsaw. Q O O O O O Q O y O GERMAN'S BACKWARD MOVEMENT French Reports Say Kaisers Army Forced Back 25 Miles By British Forces. BORDEAUX, Sept. 9.—(Vit London, !>:45 p. in.)—The following official communication was issued here at o'clock tills afternoon : On the whole, the Germans appear lo be beginning a movement of treat. The strategic position of French troops is improving, but cannot judge or a battle extending over 100 kilometers (about 63 miles.) 'The GermanH seem to experience certain difficulties in provisioning. ' In general the French troops seem to be gaining the advantage." BORDEAUX, Kept. 9. (10:45 p. Hie following official nnnoiincemnet was issued tonight : On the lelt wing all the German tempts to break the French lines the right hank of (he Ourcq river have failed. We have taken two ftaudards. "'The British army has crossed Marne and the enemy lias fallen back shout 40 kilometers (25 miles). "On the center and right wing there Is no notable change." - O— ; i 1 LONDON PAPER BLAMES DOM IN ION FOR SHORTAGE IN BRIT ISH BATTLESHIPS. OWES MOTHER COUNTRY MILLIONS , ,, "J;® ""° n r ° r . tho appropriation of $35, LONDON, Sept. 9.—The Daily Tele graph today urges on Canada iminedl .... . ' J , rtanato 00,1 rH<! 1 1 ana(la . three u v ou d now be ,,e£ 000,000 for the navy. "It is a melancholy reflection," eays (lie Telegraph, "(hat but for the of party politics more dreudnauglits earing completion. r l he opportunity passed may never incur. It is too late to start battle ships for use in the present war, but the fleet needs cruisers, destroyers and other vessels which can be built with greater rapidity. "II Canada immediately places C7,000,000 ($35,000,000) at its disposal the admiralty could quickly prepare plans which would completely neutral ize (he Reichstag's action In giving llie admiralty a blank check for the purpose of pushing naval construction to the utmost." SPECIAL RATE FOB STATE FAIR MILWAUKEE ANNOUNCES RATE OF ONE FARE FOR THE ROUND TRIP TO THE CAPITAL. ARRANGING A SPECIAL SCHEDULE The Milwaukee railway lias an nounced round trip excursion rates of one fare from Montana points to the Montana State fair to be held at Hel ena, Sept. 21 to 26. Freight and Pas senger Agent E. A. Bradley is arrang ing to run through steel sleeping cars between Lewistown and Helena, via Lombard. By the schedule trains Lewistown at 9 p. m., arriving in Hel ena at 8 a. m., and returning leave Helena at 8 p. m., arriving in Lewis town at 9 a. m. By this arrangement a person need only be absent from his business one day if he so desires i.t RETURNS TO CHICAGO. Mrs. Waite, of Chicago, wife of Harry Waite, a man well known in Fergus county, accompanied by her daughter, expects to return to her home in Chicago today, after visiting in the home of Mr. and Mrs. E. C. Russel. Mr. Waite is a designer of en* ines, one of which Is now being rsed widely by the International Harvester company. He Is also the designer of a ohock absorber now In extensive use on Ford automobiles.