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III TIE STRONG
SUES OF PARIS WHAT THE MIGHTY GERMAN AR MY MUST DO TO BE ABLE TO CAPTURE IT. THREE TER RIBLE DEF ENSE LINES They Must Be Crushed Before the Beautiful Capital of France Falls Be fore the Rush of the Invaders—The Siege Forty-Four Years Ago. The fortifications at Paris and their ability to resist a siege are receiving the close attention of American mili tary observers, now that Paris is the announced objective point of the Ger man forces. The French Ministry of War has adopted urgent means of strengthening the city's defenses to the utmost. While the city's detailed defenses are surrounded with strict secrecy by French military authorities, yet their general character and formidable strength are well known to military experts, who recognize them as among the strongest fortifications in the world. These fortifications consist of three distinct circles sweeping around the city. First, the solid wall of masonry 18 feet high, extending for 22 miles around the old sections of Paris; sec ond, the system of 17 detached forts arranged at intervals, two miles be yond the wall and making a circuit of the city 34 miles long, ond third, an outer girdle of forts, 75 miles long, on the heights commanding the Valley of the Seine. Each of these circles of masonry and steel is a complete defense in itself, the forts being linked together with redoubts, bastion and glacis, which permit a cross-fire against approach from any direction. The magnitude of the system is shown by its area, which exceeds 400 square miles. The wall around Paris and the 17 de tached forts two miles beyond the wall were built by Louis Philippe. They sustained the German siege of 1870-71, and the outer forts have since been greatly strengthened. The third line of forts on the hills of St. Germaine, Cormeilles and Villiers, are of modern Choice Meats We would like to be appointed your butcher if you are particular. We ourselves are very particular, so much so that we decline to handle any sec ond qualities. THE SANITARY MARKET ABEL BROS. B. J. WOOD Chiropractor Graduate of the Palmer School of Chiropractics, the Fountain Head of Chiropractic. Office 'Phone, 425 Residence, 676 No. 5 Crowley Block Lady Attendant Analysis free at the office. Hours: 9 to 12 a. m.; 2 to 5; 7 to 8 p. m. —FOR— GRAND UNION TEA, CCFFEE, SPICES, SOAPS and EXTRACTS 'PHONE 288J C. H. DODGE Lewistown Agent 112 Fifth Ave. S. I i , | | | construction with the latest types of batteries and heavy guns. The inner wall about Paris sur rounds the best known and most im portant sections of the city, including the business sections along the grand boulevards, the residence sections on the north and west of the city, and the Latin quarter and other sections of the left bank of the Seine. Outside the wall a circle of suburbs extends for many miles, including Neuilly, Argen teuil, Versailles, Vincennes and many others. The forts of the second and third line of defenses are dotted among these suburbs, protecting them and the approaches to the capital. The wall contains 93 bastions and 67 gates. Some of these have been aban doned, owing to the pressure of mod em construction and trade. The second line of forts includes the famous fortress of Mont Valerian, which was the center of attack in the German siege of 1870. It is strength ened by two groups of works—Hautes Bruyeres and the Chatillon fort and batteries. South of the city is the row of forts at Ivry, Bictre, Mont Rouge, Vanves and Issy. North and east of the city are three great forts around St. Denis, and two others at Ft. Aubervillers and Ft. Charenton, commanding the approaches from the great wood of Bondy. The outer circle of forts, which are of the most modern type, have from 24 to 60 heavy guns and 600 to 1,200 men each. In all the three lines of de fenses require 170,000 men to operate them, not counting troops assembled within the city. According to mili tary experts it would require a force of 500,000 men to invest these de fenses. General Von Moltke, Field Marshal of the German forces at the time of the siege of Paris of 1870-71, states in a report on that siege that the French artillery armament consisted of over 2,627 pieces, including 200 of the larg est caliber of naval ordnance. There were 500 rounds for each gun, and a reserve of 3,000,000 kilograms of powder. Von Moltke points out that the bombardment of a fortified place, in the heart of an enemy's country, is difficult if not impossible until the invader is master of the railways or waterways by which heavy siege ar tillery can be brought up in full quan tity. He explains the failure to bomb ard Paris at the outset of the former siege by saying it would have required 300 heavy guns with 500 rounds for each gun. The movement forward of these heavy guns would have required 4,500 four-wheeled wagons and 10,000 horses, which were not available. At a later stage the Germans brought up their big siege guns, at tacking the enciente and ports, and dropping 300 to 400 fifteen-centimeter shells daily into the heart of the city. Notwithstanding the fury of the Ger man attacks, Paris withstood the siege for 132 days. Since then the entirely new and outer third line of defense lias been erected, and military experts sky the fortifications as a whole are far more formidable than those which resisted tile former siege. O- TO MEET AMERICAN OBLIGATIONS IN EUROPE, AS SUBMITTED TO RESERVE BOARD. PART OF THE PLAN IS MADE PUBLIC WASHINGTON, Sept. 8.—The bank ers' committee plan for meeting Amer-i tan obligations to Europe with gold payments, proposed to the Federal reserve board last week, was taken up today by the board. It contem plates a gold fund contributed by Na tional banks in reserve and central reserve cities of $150,000,000 of which $25,000,000 is to be made immediately available. Following in part is the committee plan as made public tonight. "That the banks of this country, es pecially located in reserve and central reserve cities, be requested to contri bute to a gold fund of $150,000,000 or which $25,000,000 is to be Immediately paid into the depository of the Bank of England in Canada, for which a participation deposit receipt will be furnished to each contributing bank. The remainder of the contributed amounts to be subject to call by the New York committee through the lo ''(*1 committees of the respective cities '"'d to be paid foi in New York ex change. " c ' t >-'d New York committee to be 'nomted by the New York clearing ' r uTso association, and said local com T0 Le appointed by the clear house associations of the respect '"** contributing cities. The commit "npointed by the New York Clear House association to be charged '> rl1 the duty of handling the said ""d. of fixing the price at which for exchange is to be bought and ~«'d, and is to make requisition from ( : ^>e to time upon the respective con tributing cities thiough the local com mittees thereof." Acute Indigestion. "I was annoyed for over a year by attacks of acute indigestion, follow ed by constipation," writes Mrs. M. J. Gallagher, Geneva, N. Y.' "I tried ev ciything that was recommended to me for this complaint but nothing did me much good until about four months ago I saw Chamberlain's Tab lets advertised and procured a bot lle of them from our druggist. I soon realized that I had gotten the right thing for they helped me at once. Since taking two bottles of them 1 cbn eat heartily without any bad ef fects." Sold by all dealers. SUBSCRIBE FOR THE WEEKLY DEMOCRAT—$2.00 THE YEAR. l IS RICHEST COUNTRY J (London Cor. New York World.) The wealth of the United States— income-producing property of all kinds, including land, factories and railroads—is now not far from dou ble that of any other country on earth, according to Sir George Paish of the Statist. He figures that the increase in wealth of the four chief nations in the last century has been 580 per cent in Britain, 400 per cent in France, 700 per cent in German yand 8,500 per cent in the United States. The wealth of those countries now stands lie says, as follows: France ..............................$50,000,000,000 Germany ........................... 80,000,000,000 Great Britain ................ 85,000,000,000 United States ................150,000,000,000 The increases in population in these four countries in the last century have' 'men as follows: 13 per cent in ITrit-j a in, 33 per cent in France, 180 per eer.t L*- Germany and 1,125 per cent in the United State*. The annual savings of these people are now about as follows: France ...............................$1,000,000,000 ...... . ............Dank Germany ............................. 1,500,000,000 Great Britain .................. 2,000,000,000 United States .................... 4,000,000,0001 The expansion of banking and cred-| its, Sir George says, is responsible for these vast increases in national wealth and industrial development. About $2,250,000,000 of British money is now employed in the discount of interna tional bills, and at least $20,000,000, 000 of British capital is yearly In vested in colonial and foreign coun tries. France yearly Invests over $400,000,000 abroad, and no whas a to tal of $10,000,000,000 thus invested. German's foreign investments are $250-000, 000 a year and now total $3, 000 , 000 , 000 . In the whole of North and South America there is now invested $20, 000,000,000 of foreign capital, includ ing the investments of the United States in Mexico, Canada and other countries. About $6,000,000,000 of for eign capial is invested in the United States; $3,500,000,000 invested in Can ada: *9.500.000.000 in Argentina, and The Verdict of Civilization Jean Jacques—War is the foulest fiend that ever vomited forth from the mouth of hell. Thomas Jefferson—I abhor war, and view it as the greatest scourge of mankind. Benjamin Franklin—There never was a good war or a had peace. William Lloyd Garrison—My coun try is the world; my countrymen are all mankind. Napoleon Bonaparte —The more I study the world, the more I am con ' inced of the inability of force to cre ate anything durable. Paul on Mars Hill—God bath made of one blood all nations of men for to dwell on all the face of the earth, Andrew Carnegie—We have abol icbed slavery from civilized countries - the owning of man by man. next great step that the world can iake is to abolish war—the killing of man by man. George Washington—My first wish is to see the whole world at peace, and the inhabitants of it as one band of brothers striving which should most contribute to the nappiness of ' mankind. Abraham Lincoln—With malice to ward none, with charity for all, with firmness in the right as God gives us to see the right, let us strive * * * to do all which may achieve and cher irh it just and lasting peace among ourselves and with all nations. Emanuel Kant-Tlie method by which states prosecute their rights cannot under present conditions be a Process of law, since no court exists having jurisdiction over them, but °t nl re S ult r 'in B viet thrOU f' h ^ f, Ven ilht ifnnt h 1m 7' tne quest,on of light is not decided. William Ellery Uhanning—The doc trine that violence, oppression ,inhu inanity is an essential element of so c iety is so revolting that, did I believe it. 1 would say, let society perish, let man and his works be swept away and the earth be abandoned to the brutes. Better that the globe should be tenanted by brutes than by brut-, alized men. I Robert E. Lee—But what a cruel thing is war, to separate and destroy 1 E MISS CHRISTOBEL APPEARS BEFORE LONDON AUDIENCE NOW FAVORS THE 60VERNMENT PANKHURST A GREAT - j nvnnv emm e /n.o- , u ? ~ ni:25 p m ) Miss Christabel •kbiirst, the milit-jc.s ant suffragette who rec.mtlv was one! of the most severe critics of English i aw „ n( i tnditinn _ j ,aw and tradition, made a dramatic 1 eapiearance be!ore a great audience tonight in support of le go. e. unient.! ' The defeat '*f our country and the victory of Germany," she declared. "would be a calamity from the worn cii * i oint of view eJ.Vo J r t ,, , Series of fashionably dressed worn-1 c.u, recently freed from jail under the f 1 T nesty measure, itZT* 5? elr leader »nd waved the mL UK lie f Miss Pankhurst said that the Eng Ileh women were ready to fight in the UJcutsche Bank. Berlin Society Generole, Paris of Eng'and $1,500,000,000 in Brazil; $2,500,000,000 ,n Australia and New Zealand, and $2. 500,000.000 in South Africa. About «4 000.000,000 of foreign capital is in vested in Russia. Of the foreign capital in Argentina, about $1,455,000,000 was supplied by Britain. $395,000,000 by France and $300,000,000 by Germany. 'Hie concentration of capital In ''big" banks has been much less in the Unit-! ro States than in foreign countries. According to Sir George, no New York bank occupies a place in the first 16 banks in the world. These 16 and their deposits are: Imperial Bank of Russia. $613,000,000 Lloyd's Bank, London ...... 508,000,000 I on don City and Midland Bank .................................... 457,060,000 London County and West minster Bank .................... 430,000,000 354.000. 000 353,000 000 347.000. 000 Natl. Provincial Bank of England ......................... 380,000,000 Hongkong & Shanghai ' of Corp.................. 300,000,000 Barclay & Co., Ixindon 296.000^0001 Comptoir Nat. d'Escompte, 275.000. 000 274.000. 000 Farii - Dank of Spain Direction der Disconto-Ges ellschnft ......................... 243,000,000 Dresden Bnnk ................. 233,000,000 National Bank of Argen tina .................................... 230,000,000 The National City Bank of New York, the largest North American hank, lias, by the Statist's figures, somewhat over $215,000,000 in depos its which is $3,000,000 grenter than the deposits in Parr's bank of London. 1 lie three great Austrian banks have $430,000,000 in deposits, in toto. Tlie total bank deposits in 1913 in Britain 9; in the, 9,000,000. ■luded in ows: In were $5,690,000,000; in Ger-, many, $2,340,000,000; in the four great banks of France, $1,350,000,000 United States, over $13,000.. . Savings lmnk deposits not included the above totals are as follows: ... Germany, $5,000,000,000; in France, over $1,140,000,000; in the United States. $4,875,000,000. faces trampled out of all likeness to anything human. This is what skulks behind "a splendid charge." This is what follows, as a matter of course, when our fellows rode at them in The'style and cut them up fameously. Baroness von Rutter—What is most rrtonishing, according to my way of looking at it, is that men should tiring each other into such a state— that men who have seen such a sight should not sink down on their knees and swear families and friends, and mar tlie pur est joy and happiness God has grant-j ed us in this world; to fill our hearts v, ith liaired instead of love for our neighbors, and (o devastate tlie fair! face of tlie beautiful world. Char'es Dickens- There will lie the lull complement of backs broken in two, of arms twisted w'holly off, or ' ten impaled upon their bayonets, of legs smashed up like hits of fire wood, of heads sliced open like apples, of other heads crunched into soft Jelly by the iron tioof's of horses of a passionate oath to make war on war—that if they were princes they do not fling the sword away-or F they are in anv nosition of newer they are in any position of power they do not from that moment devote .their whole action in speech or writ-i ing, in thought, teaching or business,! lo this one end—Lay down your arms. Victor Hugo—A dav will comp when the onTv baUlefield wm hcThl J,® kot open to commtr^e and the mind ,,,,oiling to new ideas A dav will < 0 nie when bullets and bombshells ;il be replaced bv votes bvKS'"°(n" \ rrsalsu f frage of nations' hv roe ven! ' rable arbitration of a great sever-! jeiKn senate, which will he to Europe what tho (liet Js to Gcrmanyi wh ' at the legislative assembly is to France, A day will come when a cannon will be exhibiter in public museums, just as an instrument of torture is now and people will be astonished how' such a thing could have been. A day! will come when these two immense groups, the United States of America and the United States of Europe,j snail be seen placed in presence of < sch other, extending the hand of fel lowship across the ocean. an instrument of torture is now, line, if needed, or were willing to at tend to the economic prosperity of lii( country If theye could better serve that way. "I agree with the prime minister thoroughly at this time and I hope he will never disagree again with us." Miss Pankhurst said. Tlie remark provoked prolonged laughter and ap plause, Miss Pankhurst commended the j m en W ho have volunteered In the j ranks, and their officers, and pledged them the undivided support of the militant women. She assured her hearers that only a geographiacl acci dent prevented England standing to day just where Belgium stands. "The future of domestic govern | ment is at stake," she said. "Our i country is in danger and all sections -\must be united that we may be strong we never were strong before." All suffrage organizations are now r,lRaged in recruiting and war relier 1 " ork. The receipts from Miss Pank hurt * 8 lecture were donatcd to the re . lief fund. —--O--- Chamberlain's Colic, Cholera and Diarrhoea Remedy. 1 advised the 'boys' when they en ,irted for the Spanish war to take Chamberlain's Colic, Cholera and Diarrhoea Remedv with them, and have received many thanks for the "(lvice given," writes J. H. Hough land, Eldon. Iowa. "No person wheth !° r ,rave,l "K or at home, should be without this great remedy." For sale by all dealers. j in 16 GUT COUNCIL BROADWAY GRADE MATTER CAME UP ONCE MORE—IS REFERRED TO STREET COMMITTEE. CONDITION OF T HE CITY 'S FINANCES Carpenters' Union Planning to Erect Fine Hall on Broadway—The Club Matter is Called Up and City At torney Will Act Today. , lbe °* t - v c °uncil met last night w , Maj ' or W. D. Synimes presiding a , a11 tbo aldermen, Sutter, Perkins, , <1 Autieinont, Miller, Matthews and h'deman in attendance. j Broadway Grade. ! 'he ,,,a< * er ®f Die Broadway grade f' ollb,e again canu ' »p, Mrs. B. C. j White and Frank Scovel and O. W. ' Delden, of their counsel, being present. One more change was suggested, | ibis being that the city build a stone retaining wall on the outside of the property line. This wall would ho six feet high in front of Mrs. White's property. Such a wall would be sev cal feet under the level of the side walk. Mrs. White and Mr. Scovel both objected to this and Alderman Wiedeman shortened up a fruitless discussion by having the whole mat icr referred to the street committee, and a meeting with the parties in terested will be held today. Treasurer's Report. City Treasurer Roy C. Cramer sub which owed balances in the various funds 1 on Se Ptember I as follows: Water v orks > $12,643.47; library, $597.59; i I ; 1 *'* $2,308.76; 1912 sewer, $8,929.42; . t , ,, lnitted ,lis rp P<»'t for August, i linking, $8,386.98; special improve 1!lent > $1,253.13; interest, $646.99; firemen's disability, $2,764.61; Steph ens endowment, $407; 1914 gravity line construction, $2,500. Overdrafts were reported as fol 'mvh; General fund, $11,556.15; road, $<,350.50; lire*, $3,404.60; sprinkling, $'7 50; boulevard maintenance, $250.48; special improvement fund in terest, $972.95, making a total of $23, •'•'2.21 and leaving a net balance of $ 11.985.71. I lie receipts last month amounted 1° $32,437.92 and the disbursements were $25,076.96. Police Court. Tlie report of Police Judge K. W. Mettler for August showed that fines amounting lo $120 had been paid dur-i ing I lie month. To Build Hall. Representatives of the Carpenters' i nion were present to announce the intention of the union to erect on Broadway, between Sixth and Seventh a ten ues, hack of the Broadway apart ments, a fine union hall and it. was de sired that a change be made in crassing grade on Sixth avenue. Re ierred to tlie Street committee. J. Reed nsked permission to put In a private sewer. Referred. Mrs. C. C. Jeffrey was granted a ! cense to conduct tlie Grand rooming house. W. W. Watson and others protested against a proposed sewer between inn, ot> the ground [ 1 I " , ,I ,1.1 ' 1 Monti , t n h **"Tl er B !? ropo ^ * S,B H »' a » .. J ! . H . J,e n °t du<! un tH next . J , 1 naay nlB '" At < As To C ubs ' " entlon was ® alIed to the club on 1 ave | 1 ' 1 °* between Main and Ja I nen " x * whlch was incorporated a ' "i" 6 aRW > 11,1,1 City Attorney an l! stated that »« had already p! ' epared a complaint against Mr. ' mana K er of the club, and d fi,,! 11 today ' The city engineer's estimates or, p^ved provement wor,t wm " ap ' 1 ! riVami'^'T"7T"\ V'V b 'T' U1 j f > -riain s Liniment. Many suf-i FS Trr J n ? t rheumatism and sciatica !' 11 , , 1 Jf" e ,K,Ht r, ' K "><8- It ! m.® P f„ , y X aluabI , e f , or bimbago and on _. , , Chamberlain s Liniment. If you are ever troubled with aches,! ruins or soreness or the muscles, you j GhLTeHal'S'^jSnienr 1 June* back. For sale by all dealers. Seasons Change Hut you can got the same courteous treatment—a ml service —with no ad vance in prices for the highest (| lllll itv liuildiiiff material, through all seasons from ns. Let us give you that service. Rogers-Templeton Lumber Company E. J. MORROW, Manager AGAINST MINES OVER 100,000 DEVICES HAVE BEEN OFFERED IN ENGLAND BUT PROVE INEFFECTIVE. SWEEPERS MOST SATISFACTORY LONDON, Sept. 8—(10:00 p. m ) — I lie destruction of the British cruiser I athfinder and other vessels by mines lias provoked much discussion re garding protection against mines. Sir Arthur Conan Doyle and other prominent men have written letters (<> tlie papers inquiring why devices were not used to save ships from mines. Tlie British admiralty lias been In vestigating equipment for the explos ion ot mines before ships strike them. More than 100,000 devices for this pur nose have been offered in England, hut like the naval experts of other nations .the British have found all ef leetive equipment so heavy as to re lard the speed of vessels. Nets strong enough to resist tlie pressure of water and discharge mines offer 8 0 eh resistance that their use is im possible. As a consequence, it is explained, tho Britisli, like other nntions, have found mine sweepers the only satis factory way to clear tho sea' or ex plosives. i'wo small boats dragging a heavy wire rope between them are used for tlie purpose of clearing tlie steamer *' "'< «• Scores of these are at work in til Nortli sea. Germany is not n <dgna*ory to The Hague convention foi bidding tlie use of i.iinos, therefore. England, which Is at war with Germany, could use mines with, nt violating The Hague conv >n Bon The British admlra ty, however, announces that ii refuses to resori to mint s. — - O------ - Diarrhoea Quickly Cured. "My attention was first called to Chamberlain's Colic, Cholera and Diarrhoea Remedy as much as twelve >' ill's ago At that time I was seri ously ill with slimmer complaint. One (lose of tliis remedy checked the t "oiilile," writes Mrs. ('. W. Florence, Kockficld, Ind. For sale by all deal HOWEVER THERE WILL BE A SHORTAGE IN ALL OTHER CEREALS, SAYS REPORT. BE NO CORN OFFERED FOR EXPORT ,lll " ! " r no corn orrereu lor export because of tlie short crops. Last year was also a short corn year and a <' nsiderahle quantity of corn was irn ported as probably will he the case WASHINGTON, Sept. 8.—In wheat only will there be an Increase which might, he expected in paying off the nation's European obligations due to the Bale of American securities by foreign holders early in I lie European (onflict. The department of agricul ture Indicated that this is to be a short crop year in every other cereal. With the largest wheat crop on record, from present indications 896, 900,000 bushels, there is u prospect that approximately 300,000,000 bushels might he available for export. With wheat selling at more than $1.10 a bushel, tills would cost foreign buy ers $330,000,000. It will be offset, I.owover, by decreased takings of American cotton abroad. Last year the United States ex ported $547,000,000 worth of cotton, tint from ------ present indications this year's export will fall far below that amount, It is pointed out that tiiere will be of;1,rtle or "° cor " off,,r, ' d u >^ this year.