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RED LETTER DAY
CELEBRATION OF LABOR DAY IN THRIVING LITTLE TOWN BIG GEST KIND OF SUCCESS. GOVERNOR STEWART HONOR GUEST Delivers Most Interesting Address— Discusses Butte Situation Freely— Trouble There Not Due to Real Workers of the Camp. It was a proud day for Hilger yes terday. The little town has had sev eral celebrations in the past, but none that compared with the observance of Labor Day yesterday. Kendall joined in helping to make the occasion the unqualified success that it was and the presence of the governor of the state, S. V. Stewart, made it especially nota ble. People flocked Hilger early in the morning and the town looked gay with banners and bunting when Gov. Stew art, Hon. David Hilger, J. E. Lane, J. B. Ritch and many others from Lewis town arrived. The Governor Speaks. The exercises were held at the Hil ger town hall, which wa stastefully decorated, and it was completely filled with farmers, miners, merchants and others. J. E. Wasson introduced David Hilger as the chairman, and after a graceful introductory address, Mr. Hil ger introduced the governor, who was received with a burst of applause. The governor spoke at considerable length and his remarks were all inter esting and timely, and when he re ferred to the trouble at Butte, the in terest became intense. Mr. Stewart spoke freely of the situation that has caused so much concern to Butte and to the state at large. The trouble there which called for the action in sending to that city the national guardsmen was not made by the real union men, by the wage earners, the fellows who toiled and whose best in terests were bound up in the welfare of the community. It was brought about by a lot of irresponsible outsiders, who took advantage of the first trou ble between the unions to come in and under the guise of legitimate work ingmen, started the violence. They were the men, and they alone, upon whom rested the responsibility for the unhappy condition that had developed in the great mining city. The real Butte miners were of a different Farm Loans Are you thinking of making a loan? We are in a position to loan money on good farm lands—either patented land or on final cer tificate. It will pay you because Our terms are right. We loan our own money. We assure you a square deal. We allow prepayment privilege. We give you a check at once on a loc I bank. Principal and interest payable at our office in Lewistown. LIST YOUR FARM FOR SALE WITH US Our eastern connections put us in touch with eastern buyers, and makes us the logical firm to list with. Come in and see us. AMERICAN LOAN & INVESTMENT COMPANY 510 MAIN STREET, LEWISTOWN, MONTANA Paid Up Capital, $100,000.00 01 LAVAL Cream Separators ARE TIME TESTED ft Every little while you hear of some brand new cream separator, claiming to be a "world beater" and just as good as the De Laval but a little cheaper. These "mushroom" machines stay in the limelight only until they are "found want ing" by the the users and in a short time drop out of sight. It takes years of experience to build a "good" cream separator. More than SO years of experiments and experience have made the De Laval pre-eminently the best machine on the market for the separation of cream from milk. If you buy a De Laval you run no risk of dissatisfaction or loss. It's time tested and time proven. Why experiment ? Why take chances with an inferior machine when you know that the De Laval is the best ma chine for you to buy. If you are thinking about buying a separator we will consider it a favor if you will permit us to set up a De Laval for you on your own place and have you give it a fair trial. k FERGUS CO. HDWE. CO. LEWISTOWN stamp, and but for this outside inter ference by agitators the serious phases of the trouble would never have de veloped. For the laboring man, the wage earner, the union man, the gov ernor had only words of praise and and hearty sympathy. The governor congratulated the peo ple of that section upon their prosper-! ity and with it the enjoyment of peace, Program of Sports. A very interesting program of gen eral sports, including horse races, broncho busting, drilling contests, foot races and so on was carried out. Gov. Stewart and the other Lewistown vis itors returned here late in the after noon, delighted with their experiences. Governor Stewart expressed himself as more than pleased at being able to visit Fergus county and again meet with his many friends up here. He had not entirely determined upon his plans last night, but was inclined to re main over all of today and leave to morrow unless some word should come requiring his presence at the capital. Entertained at Dinner. While in the city the governor and Mrs. Stewart are the guests of Mr. and Mrs. David Hilger and last even ing they were entertained at dinner by Mr. and Mrs. J. E. Lane at the Lane home, the guests including Governor and Mrs. Stewart and Mr. and Mrs. David Hilger. -O- PREHISTORIC FLY. (From the New York Sun.) Certain careless flies, ants and oth er insects that existed on th eearth before there was man, entangled their feet in deposits or resin falling from the trees 1 Th earoma stuperfied them and they died. Meanwhile sub-tropical vegitation disappeared from the arctic circle, continents separated themselves from one another, life ascended in the scale and man came and took to wearing clothes and looking after things. Now, about the time when man had learned to fly, these careless insects; appear again, quite unchanged, but set in amber. They are on view in Old Bond street, where the Royal Prussian Amber mines are now showing an ex-! hibition of all the curiosities of the kind that have been discovered in iheir amber mines in the last half cen-; tury. The chief deposit of amber is at a place near Konigsberg, near the! coast line of Prussia. With the new freedom in colors and' decoration in women's dress amber, with Its variety of hue and shapes, has found a new importance. But it is better without the flies. -O SENATOR CLARK IN LONDON. LONDON, Sept. 7.—(11:17 p. m.)— Former United States Senator W. A. Clark, of Montana, with his two daugh ters, arrived here tonight from Paris. They made the trip across the chan nel on the United States cruiser Ten nessee. v -- PRESIDENT WILSON APPEALS TO BOTH SIDES IN THE COLO RADO COAL FIELDS. SUGGESTS WAY UF ADJUSTMENT ■WASHINGTON, Sept. 7.—President Wilson sought to end the Colorado coni strike today by appealing to em ployers and employes to adopt a ' tentative basis for the adjustment cf the strike," drawn up by the com mission of conciliation appointed by Secretary Wilson of the labor depart ment. The appeal was sent to the presi dent of the Colorado Fuel & Iron Co.; the chairman of the Victor-American Fuel company, the president of the Rocky oMuntain Fuel company and to the officers of the United Mine Workers of America. It was forward ed after the president had held sev eral conferences with Secretary Wil son. The basis of agreement offered by the president includes the establish ment of a three-year truce, subjet to th enforcement of the mining and la-j bor laws of Colorado; the return to; work of miners who have not been con victed of law violations; the prohibi tion of intimidation of union or non-i union men; the publcaton of current! scale of wages and rules and the ap pointment of a grievance committee by the employes. The agreement provides that in cases where the officers of the com pany or the grievance committees can-' not settle difficulties, a commission cf three men named by the president' shall step In and act as the final ref-! orec of all disputes. Under the agreement the claim for conlractural relations would be waived, .no mine guards would be employed, the federal troops now on duty in Uie| strike district would be withdrawn, picketing, parading, colonizing or mass! campaigning by the miners would he! stopped and the. suspensnn of work' would be prohibited pending a de c'sicn by the commission. The ex pauses of the commission would be; divded between the employers ai.d employes. FACTS ABOUT THE GERMAN EMPIRE. The importance to the world of the Germnn empire, with its colonization work and vast manufactures, and the black results which must come to Ger many and indirectly to the other coun tries, whether the kaiser wins or loses in the European Armageddon, is just beginning to be realized. The empire of the kaiser is made up of four kingdoms, six grand duchies, five duchies, seven principalities, two provinces, Alsace-Lorraine, Reichsland and three free towns. The population of Germany by the 1910 census was 64,925,993, or 310.4 to the square mile—32,040,166 males and 32,885,827 females. In June, 1913, the population was estimated at 66,096,000. Germany has four colonies in Africa, one in Asia and bight among the islands of the Pacific, with a combined population of 24,389 whites, 12,041,603 natives; total, 12,065,992. This makes the total population of the German em pire 78,161,992. The area of Germany is 208,780 square miles, which, with 1,027,820 square miles of the colonies, brings the area of the German empire to 1, 236,600 square miles. According to the last census there were 1,259,873 foreigners in Germany —13,455 subjects of Belgium, 19,140 French, 18,319 English and Irish, 104, 204 Italians, 14,356 subjects of Luxem burg, 144,175 Dutch, 667,159 Austrians and Hungarians, 137,697 subjects of Russia and Finland and 17,572 Ameri cans. The German empire has seven cities of over half a million population. They are: Berlin, 2,071,257; Hamburg, 931, 035; Munich, 596,467; Leipsig, 589,850; Dresden, 848,308; Cologne, 516,527; Breslau, 512,105. The latest available figures show the annual births of Germany to average 1,925,883, with 1,085,996 deaths, the population thus increasing at the rate of 839,887 a year. The German birth rate has shown a marked decline in recent years, as follows: In 1876 It was, per 1,000 inhabitants, 42.6 per cent.; in 1896 it was 37.8, in 1906 it was 34.1, in 1909 it was 32, and in 1911 only 29.5. Where formerly many thousands of German subjects emigrated annually, in the last few years the emigration has been cut down considerably. In 1912, the last figures available, 19,355 Germans left the fatherland; 13,705 to the United States, 225 to Brazil, 4,198 to other North and South and Central American countries, 901 to other coun tries of Europe, 322 to Australia, four to Asia, and none to Africa. A year ago the estimated total wealth of the German empire was $60, 500,000,000, as compared with; United States, $130,000,000,000; Great Britain, $80,000,000,000; France, $65,000,000, 000; Russia, $40,000,000,000; Austria Hungary, $40,000,000,000; Italy, $20, 000,000,000, and Belgium, $9,000,000,000. The last occupation census of Ger many, taken in 197, showed that in the empire there were 31,497,100 employed, as follows: Agriculture and stock rais ing, 9,732,472; mining, metal work and kindred industries, 11,256,254; com merce, trade and manufacture, 3,477, 626; domestic and other service, 1,736, 450; professions, 1,738,530; forestry, hunting and fishing, 150,785; without professions, miscellaneous. 3,404,983. In the last general elections in Ger many, there were 14,442,387 voters on the lists and 12,260,731 actually cast ballots, as follows; Socialists, 4,250, 399; center party, 1,996,848; national \ j i j 1 j j | < j liberals. 1.662,670; radicals. 1.497,041; conservatives, 1,126,270. In the German parliament, the reich stag, on April 1, this year, there were 112 socialists; 89 of the center party, 47 national liberals, 42 conservatives, 44 radicals, 18 poles and 13 free con servatives. In 1900 there were 65,199,530 acres under cultivation in Germany, with 21, 397,300 acres in meadows and perma nent pastures, those being the latest returns available. Last year Germany, in tons, produced the following crops Wheat, 4.655,966; rye, 1,222,394; bar ley, 3,673,254; oats, 9,713,965; potatoes 54,121,146; hay, 29,184,994; hops, 10, 617; tobacco, 38,902. The latest re ports showed there were 168,432,000 fruit trees in Germany, 4,516,297 horses, 20.158,738 cattle, 5,787,848 sheep, 21.8S5.073 swine, 3,383,971 goats. In 1913 Germany's total imports amounted to $2,673,750, against exports of $2,478,150,000, as follows: Agricul tural products and foodstuffs, imports $1,759,184,500, exports $432,039,250: textile materials and manufacturers, imports $201,127,250, exports $390,137, 500; leather and leather goods, imports $40,914,250, exports $138,304,760; base metals and manufactures thereof, im ports $172,353,000, exports $476,399, 000; machinery and electrical goods, imports $35,084,750, exports $217,451, 250; chemical and pharmaceutical products, imports $107,596,250, exports $239,103,500. In 1912 Germany produced a mineral output of $592,250,000 in coal, lignite, iron, zinc, lead, rock salt and potassic salt. Her foundry products that year were: Pig iron. $212,627,750; zinc, $28, 589,750; lead, $11,038,000; copper, $11, 003,500; tin, $9,874,000. Two years ago the fisheries of Germany yielded $103, 916,990. -O-- On The Russian Frontier In a widely discussed interview printed in St. Petersburg some time ago General Soukliomlinov, the Rus sian Minster of War, declared that Russia was no longer oppressed by the menace of an attack by Germany. "It is known," he said, "that in case of war our plan has always been of a de fensive character. It is time now to let it be known that the defensive idea has been abandoned by Russia and that the Russian army hereafter will be an army of action." Events of the last few days on Rus sia's western frontier, indicating that that Russian army has taken the of fensive against Germany and her al ly from the outset, bear out General Soukliomlinov's estimate of the regen erated Russian army. It will need an "army of action" to defend the Russian frontier, which is notoriously destitute of fortifications. When Russia and Germany divided the spoils of Poland it seemed that their friendship was cemented forever. For years Russia took no steps to for tify her 738 miles of frontier adjoin ing the German Empire. It is only in recent years, acting under the spur of France, that the Russian govern ment has seriously given its attention to frontier defense. Germany, on the other hand, has devoted about as much devotion to the strengthening of her eastern as to her western fron tier. In the Russo-Germany campaign, therefore, Germany is much better prepared for either attack or defense. She has, for one thing, seventeen lines of railway leading to the frontier, over which she can send 500 troop trains daily, while Russia controls only five such means of transporta tion. In the command of such mili tary resources as telegraphs, light rail ways, artillery, ordinance and engin eering stores, Germany is far superior to Russia. Thus, she was in every way better prepared in advance of the dec laration of war, both for attack and defense. France long ago realized the weak ness of Russia on her German fron tier, and in recent years her efforts for "speeding up" the Russian meth dos of mobilization and concentration have been persistent. Referring to the backwardness of Russia in interval improvements as interfering with speedy mobollzation, the Journal des Sciences Militaire, the organ of the French army, recently made these statements: "The great obstacle which Russia must face and which has prevented her up to the present from being truly an "army of action" from the very beginning of a conflict is the great distance of the country. To in crease the difficulty the country lacks roads. Those that exist are far from good. Russia is short of railroads, and the telegraph lines are not to be de pended on. The reservists, notified too late, have to join their corps via the roads. The mobilization phase in France or Germany will last four days. The concentration phase will begin on the fifth and terminate on the twelfth or thirteenth day. But Russia will not be able to fight ex cept after a delay of a month and a half after the declaration of war. Some, indeed, maintain that two months would be required. "In recent days there has been a closer and closer rapport between the two general staffs. Results of this have been tangible. For example, in 1910 Russia stripped Poland of her troops under the pretext that that re gion was so burled between Austria and Germany that mobilization was difficult. All the operations were transferred more to the east. France made certain objections to this with drawal and the Russians replaced their troops in Poland practically in the same situation they were in during 1910." Army experts in this country who have followed the military aspects of the Franco-Russian alliance in the last few years understand why Rus sian mobilization on her frontier im pelled Germany to strike quickly. France has been co-operating with Russia to increase the latter's power cA Boast of Excellence though unmerited, when proclaimed with sufficient bombast, sometimes traps the unwary. When supplemented by clever tricks the danger of deception is greater. Attempts art being made to foist upon the housewives of Montana alum baking powders. These attempts go so far as to claim that alum in Baking Powder is better than alum in other forms. Don't he deceived — it is still Alum. Your food is safeguarded against all alum tricks and deceptions if you use Dr. Price's Cream Baking Powder, a pure, Grape Cream of Tar tar compound; contains no alum , lime or phosphate . of mobilization and concentration with the object of placing Russia in a position to mobilize as rapidly as Germany. The interlocking military projects of the two allies were seen even more strikingly this year, when ance of the French three-year second Russia practically forced a continu term, which the socialist party, led by the assassinated Jules Juarez,'had al most succeeded in cutting to two years. In the gigantic: campaign which it is now conducting on Its eastern fron tier, a campaign which must be on as large a Hcale as that on the French frontier, expert opinion in this country believes Germany's object is to obtain possession of the Warsaw district of Russia and possibly a part of the Vil na district, on the left bank of the Bwina and western Russia Is wholly artificial and the coveted section of Russia forms a re-entering oblique angle on German territory which fur nishes Russia with a place d'armes lying between Germany and Austria.) permitting the Czar to make a rapid advance on either Berlin, 200 miles from the frontier, or on Vienna, 213 miles in another direction. St. Pe tersburg Is 533 miles from the Ger man frontier and 900 miles from the "Optional Payment farm Loans" Our terms the best, our rates the lowest. You get your money the same day you apply for it. It will pay you to see us before borrowing. Our office is opposite Fergus Hotel on Third Avenue. Write or call upon us. Montana Loan & Investment Co. 'Phone, 496. Lewistown, Montana Judith Special DAILY BETWEEN Lewistown-Butte Great Falls and Helena No. 233 Daily No. 237 Daily No. 238 Daily No. 234 Daily 4:10 pm 8:00 am Lv.. .. Lewistown Ar 7:30 pm 11:15 am 9:20 pm 12:30 pm Ar.....Gt. Falls.....Lv 2:35 pm 6:15 am 12:40 pm 4:10 pm 7:55 pm 2:15 pm 10:56 am 8:00 am An ideal train for a comfortable journey between these points. For tickets and information call or phone J. W. HALLORAN 'Phone 899 Parlor and Dining Car serving meals a la carte J.T. McGAUGHEY AnnI. Gen'l Frt. & I'uwi. Agent HELENA, MONT. Panama-Pacific * International Exposition San Francisco 1915 Visit Glacier Nutiona. Park, June 15 - October 1 Austrian. Moscow is 133 miles from the German frontier and 800 miles from the Austrian. Austria has eight lines of railway running to the Russian frontier, or twice as many us Russia. Using the intrenched camp in Galicia ns a base, site can concentrate a million men on the 760 miles of Russian frontier If her efforts ure not distracted by Ser via, which appears to be putting up a good fight. For 466 miles south of Austria Hungary the Russian fron tier fronts on lloumauia, running along the River Pruth and the north ern branch of the delta of the Danube. The Initial advantage In the contest with Russia would appear to be witli Austria as well as with Germany. Where to Be Happy, Though Married. Mrs. De Style- There were 90 de butantes in our set. last season, and f nly nineteen young men. Isn't It horrid ? Professor (Jraybenrd Possibly the other young men have emigrated to Mexico. "Mercy! What can be the attrac tion down there?" "The girls are very pretty, their fash ions seldom change, and they never wear bonnets."—New York Weekly.