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Fergus County Democrat
VoL. XI. NO. 5 . LEWISTOWN, FERGUS COUNTY, MONTANA, OCTOBER ir», 1914. PRICE FIVE CENTS GARRISON WIRES TO GOVERNOR TeUs Arizona's Chief Executive Not to Send Militia to the Boundary Line. WASHINGTON, Oct. 14— A telegram from Governor Hunt of Arizona, an nouncing that no movement of the state militia to the Mexican border had been authorized, and expressing the governor's desire to co-operate in avoiding further complications of t' e situation on the border, was received with much relief by President Wilson and Secretary Garrison. The message, which concluded a day of teiegraphlc interchanges on the subject, was ad dressed to Secretary Garrison and said: "I appreciate your courteous tele gram and thank you for advices con veyed. Both the president and your self may feel wholly assured that 1 realize the gravity of the Mexican sit uation as an international problem and my sole desire is to co-operate in avoid ing further complications and at the same time accord all possible protec tion for Arizona's citizens and prop erty. No movement of the state mi litia has been authorized. I shall com municate with you, as the occasion requires, and feel sure that such ad vices as you may extend at intervals will greatly assist me in allaying ex citement over existing danger." Secretary Garrison at once replied as follows: "Your message received. Am very much gratified with the expression of your attitude. Will keep you fully in formed." During the day the secretary, at the direction of President Wilson, had tel egraphed Governor Hunt, pointing cut the danger of divided responsibility should the state troops go to the bor rinr p s indicated unofficially, later that of the Arizona governor finally did send troops to the international line. the" might be called into the service of the federal government tc bring all forces under one commander Two telegrams passed between Gov ernor Hunt and Secretary Garrison, one with reference to the situation at Naco, Ariz., and the other with re spect to Douglas, Ariz., in both cf which border towns fighting has made American citizens apprehensive. Con cerning the situation at Dougl' s, Gov emor Hunt telegraphed that "one sol dier and a child have been struck by shots from the Mexican garrison of Agua Prieta; firing across the boun dary is described as being deliberate on the part of the Mexican garrison. Secretary Garrison telegraphed In reply that reports from General Bliss and the commanding officer at Doug las, Ariz.. said no one had been injured and that only stray bullets were fail ing on the American side of the line. Every precaution was being taken to guard American interests, he said, and additional troops could not be utilized. (Continued on Page Twelve.) RESlME REGISTERING HALF A MILLION AUSTRIANS AND HUNGARIANS WANT TO SAIL FROM NEW YORK. NOT LIKELY TO BET AWAY SOON NEW YORK, Oct. 14.—Half a million men, Austrians and Hungarians, are registered at the consulates of their country in the United States ready to return to their countries and bear armes as soon as a means of trans portation for them becames available, it was annnounced at the Austro-Hun garian consulate here today. Ninety five per cent, of them have had mili tary training. Tomorrow will be the last day when Austrian subjects in this country may register under their government's army order granting full amnesty to all who deserted or fled from their country to escape military service. More than 1,000 Austrians registered here today in person or by letter or telegram. With the fleets of the allied powers j virtually controlling the Atlantic, the j French, Belgian and English reservists and volunteers are leaving New York in great numbers, but Fritz Fischer-1 auer, Austrian vice consul here, said there appeared little likelihood that! any great part of the half million Aus trians and Germans would be able to sail very soon. A call to the colors of all former non-commissioned French officers, np to the age of 48 years, was issued to day by Basseront d'Englade, French consul general here. The usual age limit for active serv ice in France is 41 years. Raising this limit now, it is explained, was due probably to the high death rate among non-commissioned officers in battle and the necessity for a big staff to train recruits. ALLIES PREPARING TO DEUVER A CRUSHING BLOW IN THE BATTLE SOON TO BE FOUGHT NEAR ARRAS LONDON, Oct. 14.—(9:30 p. m.)— While it is fully expected the Germans will reach Ostend and other ports in the northwest of Belgium, if they have not done so already, they will meet with stubborn resistance in their at tempt to extend the right wing of their main army through Pas de Calais to the French northern ports. In fact,; they have fallen back in this region in the face of the allies' defensive. A few days ago the German cavalry were fighting as far west as Haze-1 brouck and^Cassel, but today, accord-j ing to the French official communica-' tion, issued this afternoon, the front of this battle extends from le Bassee, through Estairs to Bailleul, on the Belgian frontier, while across the bor der the allies have occupied Ypres. This is a distinct gain for the allies ind shows that the German attempt to work around their left has failed, the German right being bent back' to ward Lille and Courtrai, in both of which places the invaders have strong .'orces. It is here the heavy blows, which both sides hope will bring about a de Canadian Contingent Now on English Soil OTTAWA, Ontario, Oct. 14.— Announcement that the fleet of 32 transport steamers, carrying the Canadian expeditionary force of 33,000, reached England today and are disembarking from the transports at Plymouth, has been cabled to Premier Sir Rob ert Borden by George E. Perley, a member of the administration now in Great Britain. STATE DEPARTMENT TRYING TO DEFINE STATUS OF AMERICAN CITIZENS ABROAD. MANY HELD FOR MILITARY SERVICE WASHINGTON, Oct. 14.—Consider able concern was manifested at the state department today over the sta tus of American citizens, both native and naturalized, who were caught in belligerent countries by the outbreak of the European war and drafted for military service because they or their fathers were born subjects of such countries. This has occurred in countries with which the United States has no natur alization treaties and has called forth this warning, Issued to foreign bom elements in the United States by the department against visits to Europe at this time: "The department of state has been informed that persons bom in this country of alien parents when they re turned to Ita'v are held for military service in that country. Although such persons are born American citizens un der the laws of this country, they are also born Italian subjects under the Italian law, thus having a dual nation ality. For ibis reason the alien gov ernment claims their services for the Malian army when such persons are found in Italy. "The department Is also informed of numerous cases where Italians, who have been naturalized as citizens of the United States and have been sub sequently returned to Italy, have been held in that country for military serv ice. There is no treaty of naturaliza tion between the United States and Italy and under Italian law the natur alization of an Italian subject as a citizen or subject of another country does not relieve him from the liability <n the performance of military service in Italy." The department has found itself em barrassed in protesting to the various governments by the fact that the Uni ted States adhered to the doctrine that the child born to American parents in a foreign country is an American citizen unless he voluntarily relin quishes that citizenship. The position of Italy, France and many other coun tries, is that, when a citizen leaves the fatherland without having ren dered military service, not only he but his male children are subject to ar rest for military duty upon their re turn to the fatherland. PRZEMY8L'S FALL IMMINENT. LONDON, Oct. 15—(4:45 a m.)— "I hear the enemy approached within 15 miles of Warsaw, but were thrown back te a distance of 30 miles," rays the Times' Petrograd correspondent. "The fall of Przemysl is imminent. The garrison there is being decimated by cholera. Private advices cay that the main forts already have been taker by the Russians." j cisive result in the long-drawn-out bat j tie, will be struck. It is for this rea j son that the Germans will be able to make their way to Ostend, although j even there some troops have been left j to inflict what damage they can before | joining the larger body farther south. ] The censorship has prohibited any mention of the operations to the north j of Arras, which, probably, is responsi i ble for the belief that the allies have ' prepared, which one military critic de dares, as a "smashing blow which will be the more crushing in Its effect the longer it is delayed." Of the recent fighting elsewhere, the French communication simply says that the operations are proceeding nor mally on the left wing as far as the Oise; that the allies' program in the Berry-au-Bac region is confirmed and that on the right wing there is noth ing new. French general staff takes notice of For the first time, however, the and denies some claims put forth by the Germans. It is denied that two French cavalry divisions have been de stroyed, and it is asserted, on the oth er hand, that the aviators with the French cavalry inflicted severe loss on the German cavalry. It is declared also that the Germans have not come into touch with the fortress of Ver dun and that attempts to do so have failed, while in their effort to cross the Meuse at St. Mihiel, they were outflanked. German reports coming through Rome say that the real struggle is only just beginning, and that, if nec essary, 1,000,000 men can be called upon for compulsory service, while many volunteers also are available. Vienna makes the claim that the Russians have evacuated Lemberg, while the Russians have denied a simi lar report that they had given up the siege of Przemysl. It would not sur FEAR GERMAN VISIT LONDON, Oct. 15.—(5:20 a m.)-* The Times' military correspondent, discussing the possibility of Cermacy attempting an invasion of England, thinks the government ought to in struct the people and the authorities how to act in the event of such an attempt and to make up their minds whether it is proposed to fight regu larly or irregularly in repelling an in vasion. The Times points out that there is no commander-in-chief in the CAPACITY OF GERMAN SOLDIERS LONDON, Oct. 14.—(9:50 p. m.)— The following official statement, given out in Berlin, has been received here by the Marconi Wireless company: "It was announced officially in Vienna yesterday that our troops, advancing against Przemysl, supported by a sor tie of the garrison, have repu'sed the encircling troops in such a way that the enemy is now able to maintain his position only before the eastern front of the fortress. Several military bridges near Sounlca broke dewn dur ing the repeat and many Russians were drowned in the river San. "Fighting east of Chyrow, Galicia, continues. Our cavalry drove back Cossack division in the direction Drohobycz. Marches and fighting in the last few weeks have be f: n made extremely difficult on account of un favorable weather and the conditions of the roads but the capacity of oi-r brave troops have been brilliantly proved. "The Stettin Neuste Naciniehten states that on Monday three steamers Swe uf" and „ R ? ssia to Eng-; 'and were brought into awinemunde by German torpedo boats, which captured the vessels near Falsterbo, Sweden,' today. A vessel carrying provisions for Russia and two vessel scarrying wood from Russia to England also " ere brought into Swinemunde by Ger man tor P°do boats." BOMB FOR POINCARE LONDON, Oct. 15.—(2:40 a. m.)—I The Paris correspondent of the Ex change Telegraph, in a dispatch dated Wednesday says: "Now that the headquarters of the French staff has been changed, it has become possible to announce that when President Poin care visited General Joffre last week, at Remllly sur Zin, a German aviator dropped a bomb into the town, doing no damage The news of the proposee i prise military men if the Russians 1 withdrew from Galicia to concentrate all their forces for the supreme strug . gle which, with the advance of the j Austro-German armies into Poland, is : now- upon them along the Vistula river ' from south of Warsaw to their south \ ern boundary. i Nothing has come through concern-1 < | n g the battle on the East Prussian frontier, but the activity of the Ger-1 man fleet in the Baltic and Gulf of Finland may presage the arrival of | German reinforcements, which, Tt is reported, some days ago began to em-' bark at German Baltic ports. A German squadron, the flagship of; which is flying the flag of Prince Hen ry of Prussia, has been cruising in the vicinity of Aland island, and only a day or two ago the Russian cruiser Pallada was torpedoed by German sub-; maries, two of which were lost. The i j presence of the German ships prob ably would prevent the Russian war ships from coming out to interfer with transports should there be any about. There was every indication today that Turkey and Portugal would be drawn into the war. Portugal has not declared war on Germany, as was re ported early in the day, but a partial mobilization of her forces will be or dered tomorrow and martial law has I been declared in Portuguese Congo, i Portugal has an alliance with Great ] Britain, but it is purely a defensive one and was negotiated for the pro tection of Portugal and not with the idea that Portugal ever would be called upon to come to the assistance of Great Britain. However, the sym pathy of that country is known to be with the allies and she has had some small differences with the Germans in Africa. A short time ago a German officer, suspecting that the Portuguese were instigating unrest among the Bat -'h ta le s 'swspt Lord Kitchener anA that unless one mind presides ovej! the numerous garrisons and various armed forces which would be used In defense there can be no unity of ac tion. "Desperate as the attempt would be," the writer adds, "the lack of great success on the continent may tempt Germany to risk a blow to England and the more completely we ore pre pared the less likely is the attempt to be made." CLAIMS OF THE OTHER WARRIORS the ,eft bank of the Vistula along the rur.ds leading from Warsaw to Ivan PETROGRAD, Oct. 14.—The follow ing official communication from the General staff was issued tonight: "On gorod, our troops cn Oct, 13 success fully pressed back the Germans. One of our regiments captured two German companies. "Fighting continues to the south of Przemysl. There are no important changes on the other fronts." PARIS, Oct. 14.—A dispatch to the Havas agency from Nish, Servia, dat cd Oct. 13, says: I "Yesterday, on the front, between Svornik and Losnitza, the enemy be a! gan a violent artillery fire on the Ser of! vian left wing. The Austrian fire was in rapidly silenced by the Servians." LONDON, Oct. 14.—The following Serv'an official statement, given out in Nieh, has been received by the Pr-uter Telegram company: "On Sunday niglu the enemy at tempted two attacks on the extreme right wing of the front, between Svor nil- and Losnitza. The attacks were repulsed on each occasion with heavy losses to ti.e Austrians. , "tin Monday morning they attempt etl to attack the Servians twice on j the left bank of the Save river, but were repulsed with great loss. Our artillery, by its accurate fire, spread ■ panic in the ranks of the enemy." visit of President Poincare had been! : communicated to the enemy by a spy. 1 One of their best pilots was sent out with a bomb which he was ordered to drop on the quarters occupied by thei president and General Joffre. A French aviator named Framnz immediately pursued and brought down the raider, Framz was rewarded by M. Poincare, who pinned the cross of the legion of still officered and manned by Germans and have been cruising off the Rouma nian and Bulgarian coasts of the Black j sea, where the Russian Black sea fleet I lias been for some davs. Should the guese Nyassaland and killed a Portu guese sergeant and four natives. The former German cruisers Goeben and Breslau sought refugee In Turkish waters when driven out of the Medi terranean by the British and French warships. Although these ships were ostensibly sold to Turkey they are Russian warships sight the "o'oeben and Breslau an engagement would be ! possible. of; General Botha, the premier of the Union of South Africa, has sent a force to deal with Colonel Maritz and the rebels under his command. Accord-! ing to an official telegram from the South African government, the rebel llon is not so serious as was feared. It is said that the men under Maritz do not exceed 500, including Germans, and that as the Dutch farmers are flocking to General Botha's standard, Maritz is not likely to receive nny large acquisitions Typhus Has Broken Out Among German Soldiers LONDON, Oct. 15.— (3 a. m.)— Typhus has broken out in the German lines, particularly to the north of Soissons," says a dis patch to the Exchange Telegram company. "The French are tak ing the utmost precautions to prevent the disease spreading to their ranks. The troops already have been vaccinated twice." SWIM[HE j i 5 GERMANS REFORT PRISONERS CAPTURED HAD CASES FULL OF THESE CRUEL BULLLTS. KAISER AUTHORIZES STATEMENT WASHINGTON, Oct. 14.—Count Bernstorff, the German ambassador, is sued todav tlie following statement, under the heading, "Authorized by the j prohibited'by^herules of ^taternatlona'l - imperial government." "In possession of French soldiers, who were made prisoners, particular ly near Schirmck, Montmedy and Longwy, numerous steel mantle pro jectiles were found, the top of which had been bored out by machinery to a width of five and a half and a depth of seven milimetres. Near Ftirt Longwy, a mechanical contrivance was discovered, serving to alter the bullets of finished cartridges in the above fashion. There also were whole cases full of such cartridges captured. It is therefore beyond doubt that cart ridges of this description have been dealt out to the troops by the French army authorities. "As regards the effect of these hol low top bullets, commonly known as dum-dum bullets, the softer leaden nu cleus will, at the impact, emerge from the steel mantle and flatten out, thus causing peculiarly cruel wounds and needless suffering. The same is to be said of the mantle, which, torn open, produces heavy lacerations in the or ganic tissues. "Other cartridges found upon the French prisoners show bullets either provided with strongly protruding edges, caused through insertion, or nipped off at the top or even split open. Military investigations have es tablished the fact that the men treat ed the cartridges, as described, by order of their officers. Bullets of this kind are as liable to cause similar needless wounds as the dum-dum bul lets. The use of all such projectiles is law, more especially by article 23, paragraph 1, section E., of The Hague regulations for war on land and by relating to the prohibition of projec j t n le the W hu^an a bod y v." XPand ^ flaUen j T^e embassy receii X?.!*"™'nwentatlve The embassy received today a wire less message from Berlin saying: "The English reports that German industry is at a standstill, with no possibility of export, are lies. The 10 check them. German manufactur ers, especially textile industries, are working with nearly full pressure." 8EIZED GERMAN STEAMER8. LONDON, Oct. 15—Athens newspa pers assert that the Russian fleet in the Black sea has seized two German steamers loaded with cereals, bound 1 for Galatz, from Kustendje, Rou economic life of Germany is progress ing as usual German exports, both j absolutely and relatively, have de-1 creased less than those of England; despite the attempts of the enemies BELGIANS VICTIMS OF CRUEL WAR People at Ostend Terror-Strik en Over Speedy Approach of the German Army. OSTEND, Oct. ir».- (Via London, 1:30 a. in.)—Ostend's fate hungs in il.a j llalanc0, The government has left j King Albei t and the main military ' marten s left Tuesday and 60,000 panic stricken people await the action of the ! Germans, who are known to have a j strong force within 20 miles of the '^ty | The inhabitants are fleeing as fast ik ships can be provided to carry thorn to England. Hospitals were emptied today and the docks were lined with Injured. Hundreds were carried on litter;*, while those less c.everoly wounded hobbled on canes and crutches, supported by Red Cross i fleeing before tho German invasion. nurses, doctors, nuns and priests. Tho wounded were given preference on the transports pretided for the be leaguered eltv, while 25,000 struggling people were massed upon tho (locks and terminals attempting to I ind places on (lie refugee ships. \ German Tania; flew o' er tie.; harbor and struck • erroi Id tin se below, many of whom hud come here from Antwerp and who feared the airships might drop bombs on the docks and on the great glass sheds which covered the railway and Bt earner terminals. The Belgians, guarding the docks, opened fire on the airships and continued the iiisillnile for 10 minutes. 'Iliis created still greater consternation among the thou sands of women and children, many of whom had Hut for three days on the cement floor of the great terminal sheds, their nerves at the breaking point. Escape Is cut off from all sides by land and thousands were still gathered miserably on the docks when the last relief f.hip left late this afternoon. No steamers leave Ostend at night be cause of danger from mlne«. <illl'the crowds nwarrn the piers awaiting the dawn umU more ships. Even the refu gees, who managed to find deck space <-ii tin crowded transports, were not u Met cd of the terrible strain under which they have been laboring, for the watchful Taube flew over the steamers, observing their movements as they sailed out of the harbor. The aeroplane did not drop bonib.i, however, as one had on previous days, when both civil and military ships were so narrowly missed by exploding shells that the Belgians charged that the Germans were aiming at the hos pitals. Last night was one of terror to the residents of Ostend and the i<Tuge< Wounded soldiers were brought here by the score from Ghent. It Is re ported that they were engaged Mon (Continued on Page Twelve.) HOU8E PAS8ES JONES PHILIPPINE BILL BY AM OVERWHELMING MAJORITY. LEGISLATURE WILL RE ELECTED WASHINGTON, Oct. 14—The Jones Philippine bill, which declares the pur pose of the United States to recognize the Independence of the islands "as soon as a stable government can be established there," passed the house late today by a vote of 211 to 59. It will not be considered in the senate at this session. Five republicans, Representatives Cooper, Davis, Dillon, Griest and Rodgers, four progressives. Represen tatives Falconer, Chandler, Rupley and Thomson of Illinois and Representa ive Farr, progressive republican, voted with the solid democratic membership for the bill. Speaker Clark also had his vote recorded for the measure. Rep Bryan of Washington, pro gressive, voted against it. The bill declares it to be the policy of the United States, on recognition of the independence of the islands, in the preamble, to make both the branches of the Philippine legislature elective by the people, fixing the terms of office of the Philippine senators and j the resident commissioner of the Phil lp p lnes ln congress at six years and tho8e of representatives at three years, The pur pose of the measure is de c i ar ed in the preamble to be to enlarge the self-government of the Filipinos, to define the nature of the relation be tween the United States and the isl ands, to give qualified vote to the gov ernor and absolute veto power to the president of the United States over acts of the Philippine legislature. All efforts to amend the provisions of the bill failed, though republican opponents charged that it was unwise and misleading to the Filipino people.